212 relations: Abe Fortas, AK-47, An Khê District, An Lộc, Army of the Republic of Vietnam, Arthur Dean (lawyer), Arthur Goldberg, Đông Hà Combat Base, Battle of Dak To, Battle of Dien Bien Phu, Battle of Huế, Battle of Kham Duc, Battle of Khe Sanh, Battle of Lang Vei, Battle of Quang Tri (1968), Bạc Liêu, Bến Tre, Bình Dương Province, Bình Long Province, Bùi Tín, Biên Hòa, Bien Hoa Air Base, Boeing B-52 Stratofortress, Bruce Palmer Jr., Bu Prang Camp, Buôn Ma Thuột, Buddhist crisis, Buddhist Uprising, C. Douglas Dillon, Camp Lê Văn Duyệt, Cao Văn Viên, Cần Thơ, CBS, CBS News, Central Intelligence Agency, Central Office for South Vietnam, Chợ Lớn, Ho Chi Minh City, China, Chu Lai, Civil Operations and Revolutionary Development Support, Clark Clifford, Con Thien, Credibility gap, Creighton Abrams, Cyrus Vance, Da Nang, Dean Acheson, Democratic Party (United States), Don Oberdorfer, Eddie Adams (photographer), ..., Ellsworth Bunker, Embassy of the United States, Saigon, Eugene McCarthy, Execution of Nguyễn Văn Lém, First Indochina War, Foreign Relations of the United States (book series), Frederick C. Weyand, Gò Công, Gò Vấp District, George Ball (diplomat), Gia Định Province, Gia Long, Hanoi, Hội An, Henry Cabot Lodge, Henry H. Fowler, History (U.S. TV network), Ho Chi Minh, Ho Chi Minh trail, Hoàng Văn Thái, Hubert Humphrey, I Corps (South Vietnam), II Corps (South Vietnam), III Corps (South Vietnam), Imperial City, Huế, Independence Palace, IV Corps (South Vietnam), John J. McCloy, John Laurence, Joseph A. McChristian, Khe Sanh, Kiên Giang Province, Kon Tum, Kon Tum Province, Korean War, Laos, Lộc Ninh, Lê Đức Thọ, Lê Duẩn, Lockheed C-130 Hercules, Long Binh Post, Low-altitude parachute-extraction system, Lyndon B. Johnson, Mao Zedong, Marilyn B. Young, Massacre at Huế, Matthew Ridgway, Maxwell D. Taylor, May Offensive, Military Assistance Command, Vietnam, National Press Club (United States), NBC, Neil Sheehan, New Hampshire primary, Ngô Quang Trưởng, Ngo Dinh Diem, Nguyễn Cao Kỳ, Nguyễn Chí Thanh, Nguyễn Ngọc Loan, Nguyễn Văn Thiệu, Nha Trang, Nicholas Katzenbach, Omar Bradley, Operation Allen Brook, Operation Cedar Falls, Operation Junction City, Operation Rolling Thunder, Order of battle, Paris Peace Accords, Paul Nitze, Paul Warnke, Pentagon Papers, People's Army of Vietnam, Personalist Labor Revolutionary Party, Peter Braestrup, Phan Thiết, Phase III Offensive, Phạm Hùng, Phước Long Province, Philip Habib, Phillip Davidson, Phoenix Program, Phu Bai International Airport, Pleiku, Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam, Quảng Ngãi, Quảng Tín Province, Quảng Trị Province, Qui Nhơn, Republic of Korea Marine Corps, Republic of Vietnam Marine Division, Republic of Vietnam National Police, Republic of Vietnam Navy, Richard Helms, Richard Nixon, Robert Daniel Murphy, Robert F. Kennedy, Robert Komer, Robert McNamara, Ronald H. Spector, Royal Thai Army, RPG-2, Sapper, Sông Bé Province, Second Battle of Seoul, Selective Service System, South Korea, South Vietnam, South Vietnam Air Force, South Vietnamese Popular Force, South Vietnamese Regional Force, Stanley Karnow, Strategic bombing, Tam Kỳ, Tan Son Nhut Air Base, Tết, Tây Ninh, Tet 1969, Tet Offensive attack on Tan Son Nhut Air Base, Tet Offensive battle of Cholon and Phu Tho Racetrack, Tet Truce, The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Wise Men (book), Time (magazine), Today (U.S. TV program), Townsend Hoopes, Trần Văn Trà, Trường Chinh, Tuy Hòa, Unintended consequences, United States, United States Armed Forces, United States Army Center of Military History, United States Congress, United States Department of Defense, United States Department of State, United States Marine Corps, United States Military Academy, United States presidential election, 1968, Võ Nguyên Giáp, Văn Tiến Dũng, Vĩnh Long, Việt Minh, Viet Cong, Vietnam War, Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone, Walt Whitman Rostow, Walter Cronkite, White House, William Bundy, William Westmoreland, 101st Airborne Division, 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team, 18th Division (South Vietnam), 1969 Pulitzer Prize, 1st Australian Task Force, 1st Cavalry Division (United States), 1st Division (South Vietnam), 1st Infantry Division (United States), 1st Marine Division (United States), 4th Infantry Division (United States). Expand index (162 more) » « Shrink index
Abraham "Abe" Fortas (June 19, 1910 – April 5, 1982) was a U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice from 1965 to 1969.
The AK-47, or AK as it is officially known, also known as the Kalashnikov, is a gas-operated, 7.62×39mm assault rifle, developed in the Soviet Union by Mikhail Kalashnikov.
An Khê is a town (''thị xã'') of Gia Lai Province in the Central Highlands region of Vietnam.
An Lộc is a ward (phường) of the town of Bình Long in Bình Phước Province in southern Vietnam.
The Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), also known as the South Vietnamese army (SVA), were the ground forces of the South Vietnamese military from its inception in 1955 until the Fall of Saigon in 1975.
Arthur Hobson Dean (1898–1987) was a New York City lawyer and diplomat who was viewed as one of the leading corporate lawyers of his day, as well having served as a key advisor to numerous U.S. presidents.
Arthur Joseph Goldberg (August 8, 1908January 19, 1990) was an American statesman and jurist who served as the 9th U.S. Secretary of Labor, an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, and the 6th United States Ambassador to the United Nations.
Đông Hà Combat Base (also known as Camp Spillman or simply Đông Hà) is a former U.S. Marine Corps and U.S. Army base northwest of Quảng Trị in central Vietnam.
The Battle of Đắk Tô, also known as the Battle of Đắk Tô - Tân Cảnh (Chiến dịch Đắk Tô - Tân Cảnh) in Vietnam, was a series of major engagements of the Vietnam War that took place between 3 to 23 November 1967, in Kon Tum Province, in the Central Highlands of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam).
The Battle of Dien Bien Phu (Bataille de Diên Biên Phu; Chiến dịch Điện Biên Phủ) was the climactic confrontation of the First Indochina War between the French Union's French Far East Expeditionary Corps and Viet Minh communist-nationalist revolutionaries.
The Battle of Huế – also called the Siege of Huế – was one of the bloodiest and longest battles of the Vietnam War.
The Battle of Kham Duc was a major battle of the Vietnam War (in Vietnam the "American War").
The Battle of Khe Sanh (21 January – 9 July 1968) was conducted in the Khe Sanh area of northwestern Quảng Trị Province, Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam), during the Vietnam War.
The Battle of Lang Vei (Vietnamese: Trận Làng Vây) began on the evening of 6 February and concluded during the early hours of 7 February 1968, in Quảng Trị Province, South Vietnam. Towards the end of 1967 the 198th Tank Battalion, People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) 203rd Armored Regiment, received instructions from the North Vietnamese Ministry of Defense to reinforce the 304th Division as part of the Route 9-Khe Sanh Campaign. After an arduous journey down the Ho Chi Minh trail in January 1968, the 198th Tank Battalion linked up with the 304th Division for a major offensive along Highway 9, which stretched from the Laotian border through to Quảng Trị Province. On 23 January, the 24th Regiment attacked the small Laotian outpost at Bane Houei Sane, under the control of the Royal Laos Army BV-33 ‘Elephant’ Battalion. In that battle the 198th Tank Battalion failed to reach the battle on time because its crews struggled to navigate their tanks through the rough local terrain. However, as soon as the PT-76 tanks of the 198th Tank Battalion turned up at Bane Houei Sane, the Laotian soldiers and their families panicked and retreated into South Vietnam. After Bane Houei Sane was captured, the 24th Regiment prepared for another attack which targeted the U.S. Special Forces Camp at Lang Vei, manned by Detachment A-101 of the 5th Special Forces Group and indigenous Civilian Irregular Defense Group (CIDG) forces. On 6 February, the 24th Regiment, again supported by the 198th Tank Battalion, launched their assault on Lang Vei. Despite air and artillery support, the U.S.-led forces conceded ground and the PAVN quickly dominated their positions. By the early hours of 7 February the command bunker was the only position still held by Allied forces, to rescue the American survivors inside the Lang Vei Camp, a counter-attack was mounted, but the Laotian soldiers, who formed the bulk of the attack formation, refused to fight the PAVN. Later on, U.S. Special Forces personnel were able to escape from the camp, and were rescued by a U.S. Marine task force from Khe Sanh Combat Base.
The Battle for Quang Tri occurred in and around Quảng Trị City (Quảng Trị Province), the northernmost provincial capital of Republic of South Vietnam during the Tet Offensive when the Vietcong (VC) and People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) attacked Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) and American forces across major cities and towns in South Vietnam in an attempt to force the Saigon government to collapse.
Bạc Liêu is a provincial city and capital of the Bạc Liêu Province in the Mekong Delta region in southern Vietnam.
Bến Tre is the capital city of Bến Tre Province, in the Mekong Delta area of southern Vietnam.
Bình Dương is a province of Vietnam.
Phước Long and Bình Long provinces in map of South Vietnam Bình Long is a former province in South Vietnam, which now corresponds to the western part of Bình Phước Province.
Bùi Tín (born December 29, 1927) is a Vietnamese dissident and former People's Army of Vietnam colonel.
Biên Hòa (Northern accent:, Southern accent) is a city in Đồng Nai Province, Vietnam, about east of Hồ Chí Minh City (formerly Saigon), to which Biên Hòa is linked by Vietnam Highway 1.
Bien Hoa Air Base is a Vietnam People's Air Force (VPAF) (Không quân Nhân dân Việt Nam) military airfield located in South-Central southern Vietnam about from Saigon near the city of Biên Hòa within Đồng Nai Province.
The Boeing B-52 Stratofortress is an American long-range, subsonic, jet-powered strategic bomber.
Bruce Palmer Jr. (April 13, 1913 – October 10, 2000) was a noted United States Army General and acting Chief of Staff of the United States Army from July to October 1972.
Bu Prang Camp (also known as Bu Prang Special Forces Camp) is a former U.S. Army and Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) base in Quang Duc Province 5km from the Vietnam-Cambodia border.
Buôn Ma Thuột (formerly Lac Giao) or sometimes Buôn Mê Thuột or Ban Mê Thuột, is the capital city of Đắk Lắk Province, in the Central Highlands of Vietnam.
The Buddhist crisis was a period of political and religious tension in South Vietnam between May and November 1963, characterized by a series of repressive acts by the South Vietnamese government and a campaign of civil resistance, led mainly by Buddhist monks.
The Buddhist Uprising of 1966 was a period of civil and military unrest in South Vietnam, largely focused in the I Corps area in the north of the country in central Vietnam.
Clarence Douglas Dillon (born Clarence Douglass Dillon; August 21, 1909 – January 10, 2003) was an American diplomat and politician, who served as U.S. Ambassador to France (1953–1957) and as the 57th Secretary of the Treasury (1961–1965).
Camp Lê Văn Duyệt was the headquarters of the III Corps of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam).
Cao Văn Viên (December 21, 1921 – January 22, 2008) was one of only two, South Vietnamese 4 star Army Generals in the history of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam during the Vietnam War.
Cần Thơ (Standard Vietnamese:, Southern accent) is the fifth largest city in Vietnam, and the largest city in the Mekong Delta.
CBS (an initialism of the network's former name, the Columbia Broadcasting System) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of CBS Corporation.
CBS News is the news division of American television and radio service CBS.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
Central Office for South Vietnam (abbreviated COSVN; Văn phòng Trung ương Cục miền Nam), officially known as the Central Executive Committee of the People's Revolutionary Party from 1962 until its dissolution in 1976, was the American term for the North Vietnamese political and military headquarters inside South Vietnam during the Vietnam War.
Chợ Lớn, usually Anglicized as "Cholon" in English sources, is a quarter of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chu Lai is a seaport, urban and industrial area in Núi Thành District, Quảng Nam Province, Vietnam.
CORDS (Civil Operations and Rural Development Support) was a pacification program of the governments of South Vietnam and the United States during the Vietnam War.
Clark McAdams Clifford (December 25, 1906October 10, 1998) was an American lawyer who served as an important political adviser to Democratic Presidents Harry S. Truman, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, and Jimmy Carter.
Con Thien (Vietnamese: căn cứ Cồn Tiên, meaning the "Hill of Angels") was a United States Marine Corps combat base located near the Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) about 3 km from North Vietnam in Gio Linh District, Quảng Trị Province.
Credibility gap is a term that came into wide use with journalism, political and public discourse in the United States during the 1960s and 1970s.
Creighton Williams Abrams Jr. (September 15, 1914 – September 4, 1974) was a United States Army general who commanded military operations in the Vietnam War from 1968–1972, which saw U.S. troop strength in South Vietnam reduced from a peak of 543,000 to 49,000.
Cyrus Roberts Vance (March 27, 1917January 12, 2002) was an American lawyer and United States Secretary of State under President Jimmy Carter from 1977 to 1980.
Da Nang (Đà Nẵng) is the fourth largest city in Vietnam after Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Hanoi and Haiphong in terms of urbanization and economy.
Dean Gooderham Acheson (pronounced; April 11, 1893 – October 12, 1971) was an American statesman and lawyer.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
Donald "Don" Oberdorfer Jr. (May 28, 1931 – July 23, 2015) was an American professor at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) at Johns Hopkins University with a specialty in Korea, and was a journalist for 38 years, 25 of them with The Washington Post.
Eddie Adams (June 12, 1933 – September 18, 2004) was an American photographer and photojournalist noted for portraits of celebrities and politicians and for coverage of 13 wars.
Ellsworth F. Bunker (May 11, 1894 – September 27, 1984) was an American businessman and diplomat (including being the ambassador to Argentina, Italy, India, Nepal and South Vietnam).
The United States Embassy in Saigon was first established in June 1952, and moved into a new building in 1967 and eventually closed in 1975. The embassy was the scene of a number of significant events of the Vietnam War, most notably the Viet Cong attack during the Tet Offensive which helped turn American public opinion against the war, and the helicopter evacuation during the Fall of Saigon after which the embassy closed permanently. In 1995, the U.S. and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam formally established relations and the embassy grounds and building were handed back to the United States. The former embassy was subsequently demolished in 1998 and is currently a park inside of the U.S. Consulate General's compound in what is now called Ho Chi Minh City.
Eugene Joseph McCarthy (March 29, 1916December 10, 2005) was an American politician, poet, and a long-time Congressman from Minnesota.
Nguyễn Văn Lém (1931 or 1932 – 1 February 1968) was summarily executed because of his admitted war crimes and guerrilla activity during the Vietnam War.
The First Indochina War (generally known as the Indochina War in France, and as the Anti-French Resistance War in Vietnam) began in French Indochina on 19 December 1946, and lasted until 20 July 1954.
Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS) is a book series published by the Office of the Historian in the United States Department of State.
Frederick Carlton Weyand (September 15, 1916February 10, 2010) was a United States Army general.
Gò Công is a town district (thị xã) of Tiền Giang Province in the Mekong Delta region of Vietnam.
Gò Vấp is a district of Ho Chi Minh City.
George Wildman Ball (December 21, 1909 – May 26, 1994) was an American diplomat and banker.
Gia Định Province (嘉定省) is former province of South Vietnam surrounding Saigon.
Gia Long (8 February 1762 – 3 February 1820), born Nguyễn Phúc Ánh or Nguyễn Ánh), was the first Emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty of Vietnam. Unifying what is now modern Vietnam in 1802, he founded the Nguyễn Dynasty, the last of the Vietnamese dynasties. A nephew of the last Nguyễn lord who ruled over southern Vietnam, Nguyễn Ánh was forced into hiding in 1777 as a fifteen-year-old when his family was slain in the Tây Sơn revolt. After several changes of fortune in which his loyalists regained and again lost Saigon, he befriended the French Catholic priest Pigneau de Behaine. Pigneau championed his cause to the French government—and managed to recruit volunteers when this fell through—to help Nguyễn Ánh regain the throne. From 1789, Nguyễn Ánh was once again in the ascendancy and began his northward march to defeat the Tây Sơn, reaching the border with China by 1802, which had previously been under the control of the Trịnh lords. Following their defeat, he succeeded in reuniting Vietnam after centuries of internecine feudal warfare, with a greater land mass than ever before, stretching from China down to the Gulf of Siam. Gia Long's rule was noted for its Confucian orthodoxy. He overcame the Tây Sơn rebellion and reinstated the classical Confucian education and civil service system. He moved the capital from Hanoi south to Huế as the country's populace had also shifted south over the preceding centuries, and built up fortresses and a palace in his new capital. Using French expertise, he modernized Vietnam's defensive capabilities. In deference to the assistance of his French friends, he tolerated the activities of Roman Catholic missionaries, something that became increasingly restricted under his successors. Under his rule, Vietnam strengthened its military dominance in Indochina, expelling Siamese forces from Cambodia and turning it into a vassal state.
Hanoi (or; Hà Nội)) is the capital of Vietnam and the country's second largest city by population. The population in 2015 was estimated at 7.7 million people. The city lies on the right bank of the Red River. Hanoi is north of Ho Chi Minh City and west of Hai Phong city. From 1010 until 1802, it was the most important political centre of Vietnam. It was eclipsed by Huế, the imperial capital of Vietnam during the Nguyễn Dynasty (1802–1945). In 1873 Hanoi was conquered by the French. From 1883 to 1945, the city was the administrative center of the colony of French Indochina. The French built a modern administrative city south of Old Hanoi, creating broad, perpendicular tree-lined avenues of opera, churches, public buildings, and luxury villas, but they also destroyed large parts of the city, shedding or reducing the size of lakes and canals, while also clearing out various imperial palaces and citadels. From 1940 to 1945 Hanoi, as well as the largest part of French Indochina and Southeast Asia, was occupied by the Japanese. On September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). The Vietnamese National Assembly under Ho Chi Minh decided on January 6, 1946, to make Hanoi the capital of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. From 1954 to 1976, it was the capital of North Vietnam, and it became the capital of a reunified Vietnam in 1976, after the North's victory in the Vietnam War. October 2010 officially marked 1,000 years since the establishment of the city. The Hanoi Ceramic Mosaic Mural is a ceramic mosaic mural created to mark the occasion.
Hội An, formerly known as Fai-Fo or Faifoo, is a city with a population of approximately 120,000 in Vietnam's Quảng Nam Province and noted since 1999 as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Henry Cabot Lodge (May 12, 1850 November 9, 1924) was an American Republican Congressman and historian from Massachusetts.
Henry Hammill Fowler (September 5, 1908 January 3, 2000) was an American lawyer and politician.
History (originally The History Channel from 1995 to 2008) is a history-based digital cable and satellite television network that is owned by A&E Networks, a joint venture between the Hearst Communications and the Disney–ABC Television Group division of the Walt Disney Company.
Hồ Chí Minh (Chữ nôm: 胡志明; 19 May 1890 – 2 September 1969), born Nguyễn Sinh Cung, also known as Nguyễn Tất Thành and Nguyễn Ái Quốc, was a Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader who was Chairman and First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Vietnam.
The Hồ Chí Minh trail (also known in Vietnam as the "Trường Sơn trail") was a logistical system that ran from the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) to the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) through the kingdoms of Laos and Cambodia.
Hoàng Văn Thái (1 May 1915 – 2 July 1986), born Hoàng Văn Xiêm, was a Vietnamese Army General and a communist political figure.
Hubert Horatio Humphrey Jr. (May 27, 1911January 13, 1978) was an American politician who served as the 38th Vice President of the United States from 1965 to 1969.
The I Corps Tactical Zone was a corps of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), the army of the nation state of South Vietnam that existed from 1955 to 1975.
The II Corps was a corps of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), the army of the nation state of South Vietnam that existed from 1955 to 1975.
III Corps was a corps of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), the army of the nation state of South Vietnam that existed from 1955 to 1975.
The Imperial City (Hoàng thành) is a walled palace within the citadel (Kinh thành) of the city of Huế, the former imperial capital of Vietnam.
Independence Palace (Dinh Độc Lập), also known as Reunification Palace (Dinh Thống Nhất), built on the site of the former Norodom Palace, is a landmark in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
The IV Corps was a corps of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), the army of the nation state of South Vietnam that existed from 1955 to 1975.
John Jay McCloy (born John Snader McCloy; March 31, 1895 – March 11, 1989) was an American lawyer and banker who served as Assistant Secretary of War during World War II.
John Laurence (also known as Jack Laurence) is an American television correspondent, author, and documentary filmmaker.
Joseph Alexander McChristian (October 12, 1914 – May 13, 2005) was a United States Army Brigadier General and the assistant chief of staff for intelligence, Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (J-2, MACV) (then commanded by General William Westmoreland) from July 13, 1965 to June 1, 1967.
Khe Sanh is the district capital of Hướng Hoá District, Quảng Trị Province, Vietnam, located 63 km west of Đông Hà.
Kiên Giang is a province of Vietnam, located in the Mekong Delta region of southern Vietnam.
Kon Tum is the capital city of Kon Tum Province in Vietnam.
Kon Tum Province lies in the Central Highlands region of Vietnam and shares borders with Laos and Cambodia.
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).
Laos (ລາວ,, Lāo; Laos), officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao: ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ, Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao; République démocratique populaire lao), commonly referred to by its colloquial name of Muang Lao (Lao: ເມືອງລາວ, Muang Lao), is a landlocked country in the heart of the Indochinese peninsula of Mainland Southeast Asia, bordered by Myanmar (Burma) and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the southwest and Thailand to the west and southwest.
Lộc Ninh is a town in southern Vietnam, one of at least four with the same name.
Lê Đức Thọ (14 October 1911 – 13 October 1990), born Phan Đình Khải in Nam Dinh Province, was a Vietnamese revolutionary, general, diplomat, and politician.
Lê Duẩn (7 April 1907 – 10 July 1986) was a Vietnamese communist politician.
The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft designed and built originally by Lockheed (now Lockheed Martin).
Long Binh Post (Tổng kho Long Bình) is a former U.S. Army base located in Long Bình ward between Biên Hòa and Saigon, Vietnam.
The low-altitude parachute-extraction system (LAPES) is a tactical military airlift delivery method where a fixed wing cargo aircraft can deposit supplies in situations in which landing is not an option, in an area that is too small to accurately parachute supplies from a high altitude.
Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908January 22, 1973), often referred to by his initials LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969, assuming the office after having served as the 37th Vice President of the United States from 1961 to 1963.
Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893September 9, 1976), commonly known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.
Marilyn B. Young (April 25, 1937 – February 19, 2017) was a historian of American foreign relations and professor of history at New York University.
The Huế Massacre (Thảm sát tại Huế Tết Mậu Thân, or Thảm sát Tết Mậu Thân ở Huế, lit. translation: "Tết Offensive Massacre in Huế") is the name given to the summary executions and mass killings perpetrated by the Việt Cộng (VC) and People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) during their capture, occupation and later withdrawal from the city of Huế during the Tết Offensive, considered one of the longest and bloodiest battles of the Vietnam War.
General Matthew Bunker Ridgway (March 3, 1895 – July 26, 1993) was the 19th Chief of Staff of the United States Army.
General Maxwell Davenport "Max" Taylor (August 26, 1901 – April 19, 1987) was a senior United States Army officer and diplomat of the mid-20th century.
PHASE II of the Tet Offensive of 1968 (also known as the May Offensive, "Little Tet", and "Mini-Tet") was launched by the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and Viet Cong (VC) against targets throughout South Vietnam, including Saigon from 29 April to 30 May 1968.
U.S. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV) was a joint-service command of the United States Department of Defense.
The National Press Club is a professional organization and business center for journalists and communications professionals.
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast.
Cornelius Mahoney "Neil" Sheehan (born October 27, 1936) is an American journalist.
The New Hampshire primary is the first in a series of nationwide party primary elections and the second party contest (the first being the Iowa Caucuses) held in the United States every four years as part of the process of choosing the delegates to the Democratic and Republican national conventions which choose the party nominees for the presidential elections to be held the subsequent November.
Ngô Quang Trưởng (13 December 1929 — 22 January 2007) was an officer in the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN).
Ngô Đình Diệm (3 January 1901 – 2 November 1963) was a South Vietnamese politician.
Nguyễn Cao Kỳ (8 September 1930 – 23 July 2011) served as the chief of the Republic of Vietnam Air Force in the 1960s, before leading the nation as the prime minister of South Vietnam in a military junta from 1965 to 1967.
Nguyễn Chí Thanh (1 January 1914 - 6 July 1967) was a Vietnamese General in the Vietnam People's Army and former Vietnamese politician.
Nguyễn Ngọc Loan (11 December 193014 July 1998) was South Vietnam's chief of National Police.
Nguyễn Văn Thiệu (5 April 1923 – 29 September 2001) was the president of South Vietnam from 1965 to 1975.
Nha Trang is a coastal city and capital of Khánh Hòa Province, on the South Central Coast of Vietnam.
Nicholas deBelleville "Nick" Katzenbach (January 17, 1922 – May 8, 2012) was an American lawyer who served as United States Attorney General during the Lyndon B. Johnson administration.
General of the Army Omar Nelson Bradley (February 12, 1893 – April 8, 1981), nicknamed Brad, was a senior officer of the United States Army during and after World War II.
Operation Allen Brook was a US Marine Corps operation that took place south of Danang, lasting from 4 May to 24 August 1968.
Operation Cedar Falls was a military operation in 1967 of the Vietnam War conducted primarily by US forces.
Operation Junction City was an 82-day military operation conducted by United States and Republic of Vietnam (RVN or South Vietnam) forces begun on 22 February 1967 during the Vietnam War.
Operation Rolling Thunder was the title of a gradual and sustained aerial bombardment campaign conducted by the U.S. 2nd Air Division (later Seventh Air Force), U.S. Navy, and Republic of Vietnam Air Force (VNAF) against the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) from 2 March 1965 until 2 November 1968, during the Vietnam War.
In modern use, the order of battle of an armed force participating in a military operation or campaign shows the hierarchical organization, command structure, strength, disposition of personnel, and equipment of units and formations of the armed force.
The Paris Peace Accords, officially titled the Agreement on Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Vietnam, was a peace treaty signed on January 27, 1973, to establish peace in Vietnam and end the Vietnam War.
Paul Henry Nitze (January 16, 1907 – October 19, 2004) was an American statesman who served as United States Deputy Secretary of Defense, U.S. Secretary of the Navy, and Director of Policy Planning for the U.S. State Department.
Paul Culliton Warnke (January 31, 1920 – October 31, 2001) was a United States diplomat.
The Pentagon Papers, officially titled Report of the Office of the Secretary of Defense Vietnam Task Force, is a United States Department of Defense history of the United States' political and military involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967.
The People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN; Quân Đội Nhân Dân Việt Nam), also known as the Vietnamese People's Army (VPA), is the military force of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
The Personalist Labor Revolutionary Party (Cần lao Nhân vị Cách Mạng Ðảng or Đảng Cần lao Nhân vị), often simply called the Can Lao Party, was a Vietnamese political party, formed in early 1950s by the president of Republic of Vietnam Ngô Đình Diệm and his brother as well as the adviser of the regime, Ngô Đình Nhu.
Peter Braestrup (1929Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum, – August 10, 1997) was a correspondent for The New York Times and The Washington Post, founding editor of the Wilson Quarterly, and later senior editor and director of communications for the Library of Congress.
Phan Thiet is the capital of Bình Thuận province, on the coast in southeastern Vietnam, where all government offices for the province are located.
Phase III of the Tet Offensive of 1968 (also known as the August Offensive or Third Offensive) was launched by the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and Viet Cong (VC) from 17 August to 27 September 1968.
Phạm Hùng (Vĩnh Long, June 11, 1912 – Hanoi, March 10, 1988) was a Vietnamese politician and the 2nd Prime Minister of the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam from 1987 to 1988.
Bình Long provinces in map of South Vietnam Phước Long is a former province of Southeast region of Vietnam.
Philip Charles Habib (February 25, 1920 – May 25, 1992) was an American career diplomat.
Phillip Buford Davidson, Jr. (November 26, 1915 – February 7, 1996) was an American lieutenant general who served in World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War.
The Phoenix Program (Chiến dịch Phụng Hoàng, a word related to fenghuang, the Chinese phoenix) was a program designed, coordinated, and executed by the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), United States special operations forces, U.S. Army intelligence collection units from the U.S. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV—the joint-service command that provided command and control for all U.S. advisory and assistance efforts in Vietnam), special forces operatives from the Australian Army Training Team Vietnam (AATTV), and the Republic of Vietnam's (South Vietnam) security apparatus during the Vietnam War.
Phu Bai International Airport (Sân bay Quốc tế Phú Bài) is located just south of the central city of Huế, former capital of Vietnam.
Pleiku is a city in central Vietnam, located in that nation's central highland region.
The Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam, or PRG, was formed on June 8, 1969, as an underground government opposed to the government of the Republic of Vietnam under President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu.
Quảng Ngãi is a city in central Vietnam.
Quảng Tín was a province of South Vietnam.
Quảng Trị is a province in the North Central Coast region of Vietnam, north of the former imperial capital of Huế.
Quy Nhơn is a coastal city in Bình Định Province in central Vietnam.
The Republic of Korea Marine Corps (ROKMC; 대한민국 해병대; Hanja: 大韓民國海兵隊; Revised Romanization: Daehanminguk Haebyeongdae), also known as the ROK Marine Corps, or the ROK Marines, is the marine corps of South Korea.
The Republic of Vietnam Marine Division (RVNMD, Sư Đoàn Thủy Quân Lục Chiến) was part of the armed forces of South Vietnam.
The Republic of Vietnam National Police – RVNP (Cảnh sát Quốc gia Việt Nam Cộng hòa) or Police Nationale de la République du Vietnam (Police Nationale, Cảnh sát Quốc gia – CSQG for short) in French, was the official South Vietnamese national police force from 1962 to 1975, operating closely with the ARVN during the Vietnam War.
The Republic of Vietnam Navy (VNN;; HQVNCH) was the naval branch of the South Vietnamese military, the official armed forces of the former Republic of Vietnam (or South Vietnam) from 1955 to 1975.
Richard McGarrah Helms (March 30, 1913 – October 23, 2002) served as the United States Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) from June 1966 to February 1973.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.
Robert Daniel Murphy (October 28, 1894 – January 9, 1978) was an American diplomat.
Robert Francis "Bobby" Kennedy (November 20, 1925 – June 6, 1968) was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 64th United States Attorney General from January 1961 to September 1964, and as a U.S. Senator for New York from January 1965 until his assassination in June 1968.
Robert William "Blowtorch Bob" Komer (February 23, 1922 – April 9, 2000) was a key figure in the pacification effort to win South Vietnamese "hearts and minds" during the Vietnam War, heading Civil Operations and Revolutionary Development Support.
Robert Strange McNamara (June 9, 1916 – July 6, 2009) was an American business executive and the eighth Secretary of Defense, serving from 1961 to 1968 under Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.
Ronald H. Spector is a military historian, who contributes to scholarly journals and also teaches history.
The Royal Thai Army or RTA (กองทัพบกไทย) is the army of Thailand responsible for protecting its sovereignty and national interests.
The RPG-2 (Russian: РПГ-2, Ручной противотанковый гранатомёт, Ruchnoy Protivotankovy Granatomyot; English: "hand-held antitank grenade launcher") was a man-portable, shoulder-fired anti-tank weapon designed in the Soviet Union.
A sapper, also called pioneer or combat engineer, is a combatant or soldier who performs a variety of military engineering duties such as breaching fortifications, demolitions, bridge-building, laying or clearing minefields, preparing field defenses as well as building, and working on road and airfield construction and repair.
Bình Long provinces in a map of South Vietnam Sông Bé was a province in southern Vietnam, which borders Cambodia to the north, Lâm Đồng to the east, Đắk Nông to the northeast, Hồ Chí Minh City to the south and Tây Ninh to the west.
The Second Battle of Seoul was a battle that resulted in United Nations forces recapturing Seoul from the North Koreans in late September 1950.
The Selective Service System is an independent agency of the United States government that maintains information on those potentially subject to military conscription.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
South Vietnam, officially the Republic of Vietnam (RVN, Việt Nam Cộng Hòa), was a country that existed from 1955 to 1975 and comprised the southern half of what is now the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
The South Vietnam Air Force (Vietnamese: Không lực Việt Nam Cộng hòa – KLVNCH), officially the Republic of Vietnam Air Force (sometimes Vietnam Air Force – VNAF) was the aerial branch of the Republic of Vietnam Military Forces, the official military of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) from 1955 to 1975.
During the Vietnam War, the South Vietnamese Popular Force (nghĩa quân) (sometimes abbreviated RF/PF or PF) consisted of local militias that protected their home villages from attacks by first Viet Cong forces and later by People's Army of Vietnam units.
During the Vietnam War, the South Vietnamese Regional Forces were Army of the Republic of Vietnam militia.
Stanley Abram Karnow (February 4, 1925 – January 27, 2013) was an American journalist and historian.
Strategic bombing is a military strategy used in a total war with the goal of defeating the enemy by destroying its morale or its economic ability to produce and transport materiel to the theatres of military operations, or both.
Tam Kỳ is the capital city of Quảng Nam Province, in the South Central Coast of Vietnam.
Tan Son Nhut Air Base (Căn cứ không quân Tân Sơn Nhứt) (1955–1975) was a Republic of Vietnam Air Force (RVNAF) facility.
Tết, or Vietnamese New Year, is the most important celebration in Vietnamese culture.
Tây Ninh, Vietnam is a provincial city in south-western Vietnam.
Tet 1969 refers to the attacks mounted by the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and Viet Cong (VC) in February 1969 in South Vietnam during the Vietnam War, one year after the original Tet Offensive.
The attack on Tan Son Nhut Air Base, headquarters of the Republic of Vietnam Air Force as well as Military Assistance Command, Vietnam, occurred during the early hours of 31 January 1968.
The battle of Cholon and Phú Thọ Racetrack began during the early hours of 31 January 1968 and continued until 11 February 1968.
The Tết Truce was traditionally a time of ceasefire that occurred between North Vietnam and South Vietnam in honor of the Tết holiday.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The Wise Men: Six Friends and the World They Made is a 1986 book by Walter Isaacson and Evan Thomas.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Today, also called The Today Show, is an American news and talk morning television show that airs on NBC.
Townsend Walter Hoopes II (April 28, 1922 – September 20, 2004) was an American historian and government official, who reached the height of his career as Under Secretary of the Air Force from 1967 to 1969.
Nguyễn Chấn, known as Trần Văn Trà (1918 – April 20, 1996) was a Vietnamese general.
Trường Chinh (9 February 1907, Xuân Trường District, Nam Định Province – 30 September 1988, Hanoi) was a Vietnamese communist political leader and theoretician.
Tuy Hòa is the capital city of Phú Yên Province in south-central Vietnam.
In the social sciences, unintended consequences (sometimes unanticipated consequences or unforeseen consequences) are outcomes that are not the ones foreseen and intended by a purposeful action.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America.
The United States Army Center of Military History (CMH) is a directorate within the Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD, or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy.
The United States Military Academy (USMA), also known as West Point, Army, Army West Point, The Academy or simply The Point, is a four-year coeducational federal service academy located in West Point, New York, in Orange County.
The United States presidential election of 1968 was the 46th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 5, 1968.
Võ Nguyên Giáp (25 August 1911 – 4 October 2013) was a Vietnamese general in the Vietnam People's Army and a politician.
Văn Tiến Dũng (2 May 1917 – 17 March 2002), born Co Nhue commune, Từ Liêm District, Hanoi, was a Vietnamese general in the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN), PAVN chief of staff (1954–74); PAVN commander in chief (1974–80); member of the Central Military–Party Committee (CMPC) (1984-1986) and Socialist Republic of Vietnam defense minister (1980–86).
Vĩnh Long is a city and the capital of Vĩnh Long Province in Vietnam's Mekong Delta.
Việt Minh (abbreviated from Việt Nam độc lập đồng minh, French: "Ligue pour l'indépendance du Viêt Nam", English: “League for the Independence of Vietnam") was a national independence coalition formed at Pác Bó by Hồ Chí Minh on May 19, 1941.
The National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (Mặt trận Dân tộc Giải phóng miền Nam Việt Nam) also known as the Việt Cộng was a mass political organization in South Vietnam and Cambodia with its own army – the People's Liberation Armed Forces of South Vietnam (PLAF) – that fought against the United States and South Vietnamese governments during the Vietnam War, eventually emerging on the winning side.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
The Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone was a demilitarized zone established as a dividing line between North and South Vietnam as a result of the First Indochina War.
Walt Whitman Rostow (also known as Walt Rostow or W.W. Rostow) (October 7, 1916 – February 13, 2003) was an American economist and political theorist who served as Special Assistant for National Security Affairs to US President Lyndon B. Johnson from 1966 to 1969.
Walter Leland Cronkite Jr. (November 4, 1916 – July 17, 2009) was an American broadcast journalist who served as anchorman for the CBS Evening News for 19 years (1962–1981).
The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States.
William Putnam "Bill" Bundy (September 24, 1917 – October 6, 2000) was an American attorney and intelligence expert, an analyst with the CIA.
William Childs Westmoreland (March 26, 1914 – July 18, 2005) was a United States Army general, who most notably commanded U.S. forces during the Vietnam War from 1964 to 1968.
The 101st Airborne Division ("Screaming Eagles") is an elite modular specialized light infantry division of the US Army.
The 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team ("Sky Soldiers") is an airborne infantry brigade combat team of the United States Army based in Vicenza, Italy.
The 18th Division was an infantry division in the III Corps of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN).
The following are the Pulitzer Prizes for 1969.
The 1st Australian Task Force (1 ATF) was a brigade-sized formation which commanded Australian and New Zealand Army units deployed to South Vietnam between 1966 and 1972.
The 1st Cavalry Division ("First Team") is a combined arms division and is one of the most decorated combat divisions of the United States Army.
The 1st Division of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN)—the army of the nation state of South Vietnam that existed from 1955 to 1975—was part of the I Corps that oversaw the northernmost region of South Vietnam, the centre of Vietnam.
The 1st Infantry Division is a combined arms division of the United States Army, and is the oldest continuously serving in the Regular Army.
The 1st Marine Division (1st MARDIV) is a Marine infantry division of the United States Marine Corps headquartered at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California.
The 4th Infantry Division is a division of the United States Army based at Fort Carson, Colorado.