116 relations: Acne, Aedes aegypti, Aerobic organism, Aluminium, American Cyanamid, Amino acid, Aminoacyl-tRNA, Anaerobic organism, Anaphylaxis, Anthrax, Antibiotic, Bacteria, Balantidiasis, Benjamin Minge Duggar, Biopsy, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Brucellosis, Chlamydia (genus), Chlortetracycline, Cholera, Confounding, Cytoplasm, Dairy product, Developing country, Diarrhea, Doxycycline, Efflux (microbiology), Enterobacteriaceae, Erythema multiforme, Escherichia coli, Eukaryote, Fanconi syndrome, Fatty liver, Federal Trade Commission, Fetus, Fluorescence, Food and Drug Administration, Gene, Generic drug, Genetic engineering, Genetically modified organism, Gram-negative bacteria, Gram-positive bacteria, Harvard Medical School, Harvard University, Health system, Hepatitis, Horizontal gene transfer, Indigestion, Infection, ..., Ion, Iron, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Journal of Wildlife Diseases, Kidney failure, Kilogram, Leptospirosis, Leukemia, Light, Lloyd Conover, Lupus erythematosus, Lyme disease, Lymphogranuloma venereum, Malaria, Mammal, Methotrexate, Milk, Mitochondrion, Mosquito, Mycoplasma, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Neisseria meningitidis, Nubians, Oral administration, Oxytetracycline, Pathogenic bacteria, Pfizer, Photosensitivity, Plague (disease), Pregnancy, Price fixing, Prokaryote, Protein, Protein Data Bank, Proteus (bacterium), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Psittacosis, Q fever, Ribosome, Rickettsia, Robert Burns Woodward, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Shigella, Skin, Staphylococcus, Stevens–Johnson syndrome, Streptococcus, Streptomyces, Sun, Sunburn, Syphilis, Tetracycline antibiotics, Tetracycline litigation, Tetracycline-controlled transcriptional activation, The Boston Globe, Tinnitus, Tooth, Toxic epidermal necrolysis, United States dollar, Vaccine, WHO Model List of Essential Medicines, Wildlife, Yellapragada Subbarow, Yogurt, Zinc. Expand index (66 more) » « Shrink index
Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin.
Aedes aegypti, the yellow fever mosquito, is a mosquito that can spread dengue fever, chikungunya, Zika fever, Mayaro and yellow fever viruses, and other disease agents.
An aerobic organism or aerobe is an organism that can survive and grow in an oxygenated environment.
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
American Cyanamid Company was a leading American conglomerate which became one of the nation's top 100 manufacturing companies during the 1970s and 1980s, according to the Fortune 500 listings at the time.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
Aminoacyl-tRNA (also aa-tRNA or charged tRNA) is tRNA to which its cognated amino acid is chemically bonded (charged).
An anaerobic organism or anaerobe is any organism that does not require oxygen for growth.
Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that is rapid in onset and may cause death.
Anthrax is an infection caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis.
An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
Balantidiasis is a protozoan infection caused by infection with Balantidium coli.
Benjamin Minge Duggar (September 1, 1872 – September 10, 1956) was an American plant physiologist.
A biopsy is a medical test commonly performed by a surgeon, interventional radiologist, or an interventional cardiologist involving extraction of sample cells or tissues for examination to determine the presence or extent of a disease.
Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS) is an American pharmaceutical company, headquartered in New York City.
Brucellosis is a highly contagious zoonosis caused by ingestion of unpasteurized milk or undercooked meat from infected animals, or close contact with their secretions.
Chlamydia is a genus of pathogenic bacteria that are obligate intracellular parasites.
Chlortetracycline (trade name Aureomycin, Lederle) is a tetracycline antibiotic, the first tetracycline to be identified.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
In statistics, a confounder (also confounding variable, confounding factor or lurking variable) is a variable that influences both the dependent variable and independent variable causing a spurious association.
In cell biology, the cytoplasm is the material within a living cell, excluding the cell nucleus.
Dairy products, milk products or lacticinia are a type of food produced from or containing the milk of mammals, primarily cattle, water buffaloes, goats, sheep, camels, and humans.
A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.
Doxycycline is an antibiotic that is used in the treatment of a number of types of infections caused by bacteria and protozoa.
Active efflux is a mechanism responsible for moving compounds, like neurotransmitters, toxic substances, and antibiotics, out of the cell; this is considered to be a vital part of xenobiotic metabolism.
The Enterobacteriaceae are a large family of Gram-negative bacteria.
Erythema multiforme (EM) is a skin condition of unknown cause; it is a type of erythema possibly mediated by deposition of immune complexes (mostly IgM-bound complexes) in the superficial microvasculature of the skin and oral mucous membrane that usually follows an infection or drug exposure.
Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).
Eukaryotes are organisms whose cells have a nucleus enclosed within membranes, unlike Prokaryotes (Bacteria and other Archaea).
Fanconi syndrome or Fanconi's syndrome is a syndrome of inadequate reabsorption in the proximal renal tubules of the kidney.
Fatty liver is a reversible condition wherein large vacuoles of triglyceride fat accumulate in liver cells via the process of steatosis (i.e., abnormal retention of lipids within a cell).
The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is an independent agency of the United States government, established in 1914 by the Federal Trade Commission Act.
A fetus is a stage in the prenatal development of viviparous organisms.
Fluorescence is the emission of light by a substance that has absorbed light or other electromagnetic radiation.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.
A generic drug is a pharmaceutical drug that is equivalent to a brand-name product in dosage, strength, route of administration, quality, performance, and intended use, but does not carry the brand name.
Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification or genetic manipulation, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genes using biotechnology.
A genetically modified organism (GMO) is any organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques (i.e., a genetically engineered organism).
Gram-negative bacteria are bacteria that do not retain the crystal violet stain used in the gram-staining method of bacterial differentiation.
Gram-positive bacteria are bacteria that give a positive result in the Gram stain test, which is traditionally used to quickly classify bacteria into two broad categories according to their cell wall.
Harvard Medical School (HMS) is the graduate medical school of Harvard University.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
A health system, also sometimes referred to as health care system or as healthcare system, is the organization of people, institutions, and resources that deliver health care services to meet the health needs of target populations.
Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver tissue.
Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) or lateral gene transfer (LGT) is the movement of genetic material between unicellular and/or multicellular organisms other than by the ("vertical") transmission of DNA from parent to offspring.
Indigestion, also known as dyspepsia, is a condition of impaired digestion.
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
The Journal of the American Chemical Society (also known as JACS) is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1879 by the American Chemical Society.
The Journal of Wildlife Diseases is a peer-reviewed quarterly journal published by the Wildlife Disease Association.
Kidney failure, also known as end-stage kidney disease, is a medical condition in which the kidneys no longer work.
The kilogram or kilogramme (symbol: kg) is the base unit of mass in the International System of Units (SI), and is defined as being equal to the mass of the International Prototype of the Kilogram (IPK, also known as "Le Grand K" or "Big K"), a cylinder of platinum-iridium alloy stored by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures at Saint-Cloud, France.
Leptospirosis is an infection caused by corkscrew-shaped bacteria called Leptospira.
Leukemia, also spelled leukaemia, is a group of cancers that usually begin in the bone marrow and result in high numbers of abnormal white blood cells.
Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Lloyd Hillyard Conover (June 13, 1923 – March 11, 2017) was an American chemist and the inventor of tetracycline.
Lupus erythematosus is a collection of autoimmune diseases in which the human immune system becomes hyperactive and attacks healthy tissues.
Lyme disease, also known as Lyme borreliosis, is an infectious disease caused by bacteria of the Borrelia type which is spread by ticks.
Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) (also known as "Climatic bubo", "Durand–Nicolas–Favre disease", "Poradenitis inguinale", and "Strumous bubo") is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the invasive serovars L1, L2, L2a or L3 of Chlamydia trachomatis.
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.
Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.
Methotrexate (MTX), formerly known as amethopterin, is a chemotherapy agent and immune system suppressant.
Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.
The mitochondrion (plural mitochondria) is a double-membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic organisms.
Mosquitoes are small, midge-like flies that constitute the family Culicidae.
Mycoplasma is a genus of bacteria that lack a cell wall around their cell membrane.
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a very small bacterium in the class Mollicutes.
Neisseria gonorrhoeae, also known as gonococcus (singular), or gonococci (plural) is a species of gram-negative diplococci bacteria isolated by Albert Neisser in 1879.
Neisseria meningitidis, often referred to as meningococcus, is a Gram-negative bacterium that can cause meningitis and other forms of meningococcal disease such as meningococcemia, a life-threatening sepsis.
Nubians are an ethnolinguistic group indigenous to present-day Sudan and southern Egypt who originate from the early inhabitants of the central Nile valley, believed to be one of the earliest cradles of civilization.
Oxytetracycline was the second of the broad-spectrum tetracycline group of antibiotics to be discovered.
Pathogenic bacteria are bacteria that can cause disease.
Pfizer Inc. is an American pharmaceutical conglomerate headquartered in New York City, with its research headquarters in Groton, Connecticut.
Photosensitivity is the amount to which an object reacts upon receiving photons, especially visible light.
Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.
Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman.
Price fixing is an agreement between participants on the same side in a market to buy or sell a product, service, or commodity only at a fixed price, or maintain the market conditions such that the price is maintained at a given level by controlling supply and demand.
A prokaryote is a unicellular organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus, mitochondria, or any other membrane-bound organelle.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
The Protein Data Bank (PDB) is a crystallographic database for the three-dimensional structural data of large biological molecules, such as proteins and nucleic acids.
Proteus is a genus of Gram-negative Proteobacteria.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a common Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium that can cause disease in plants and animals, including humans.
Psittacosis—also known as parrot fever, and ornithosis—is a zoonotic infectious disease caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia psittaci and contracted from infected parrots, such as macaws, cockatiels and budgerigars, and pigeons, sparrows, ducks, hens, gulls and many other species of bird.
Q fever is a disease caused by infection with Coxiella burnetii, a bacterium that affects humans and other animals.
The ribosome is a complex molecular machine, found within all living cells, that serves as the site of biological protein synthesis (translation).
Rickettsia is a genus of nonmotile, Gram-negative, nonspore-forming, highly pleomorphic bacteria that can be present as cocci (0.1 μm in diameter), rods (1–4 μm long), or thread-like (10 μm long).
Robert Burns Woodward (April 10, 1917 – July 8, 1979) was an American organic chemist.
Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF), also known as blue disease, is the most lethal and most frequently reported rickettsial illness in the United States.
Shigella is a genus of gram-negative, facultative anaerobic, nonspore-forming, non-motile, rod-shaped bacteria genetically closely related to E. coli.
Skin is the soft outer tissue covering vertebrates.
Staphylococcus (from the σταφυλή, staphylē, "grape" and κόκκος, kókkos, "granule") is a genus of Gram-positive bacteria.
Stevens–Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a type of severe skin reaction.
Streptococcus (term coined by Viennese surgeon Albert Theodor Billroth (1829-1894) from strepto- "twisted" + Modern Latin coccus "spherical bacterium," from Greek kokkos meaning "berry") is a genus of coccus (spherical) Gram-positive bacteria belonging to the phylum Firmicutes and the order Lactobacillales (lactic acid bacteria).
Streptomyces is the largest genus of Actinobacteria and the type genus of the family Streptomycetaceae.
The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System.
Sunburn is a form of radiation burn that affects living tissue, such as skin, that results from an overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, commonly from the sun.
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum.
Tetracyclines are broad-spectrum antibiotics whose general usefulness has been reduced with the onset of antibiotic resistance.
The discovery of tetracycline engendered an enormous amount of litigation.
Tetracycline-Controlled Transcriptional Activation is a method of inducible gene expression where transcription is reversibly turned on or off in the presence of the antibiotic tetracycline or one of its derivatives (e.g. doxycycline).
The Boston Globe (sometimes abbreviated as The Globe) is an American daily newspaper founded and based in Boston, Massachusetts, since its creation by Charles H. Taylor in 1872.
Tinnitus is the hearing of sound when no external sound is present.
A tooth (plural teeth) is a hard, calcified structure found in the jaws (or mouths) of many vertebrates and used to break down food.
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a type of severe skin reaction.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease.
The WHO Model List of Essential Medicines (EML), published by the World Health Organization (WHO), contains the medications considered to be most effective and safe to meet the most important needs in a health system.
Wildlife traditionally refers to undomesticated animal species, but has come to include all plants, fungi, and other organisms that grow or live wild in an area without being introduced by humans.
Yellapragada Subbarao (12 January 1895 – 8 August 1948) was an Indian biochemist who discovered the function of adenosine triphosphate as an energy source in the cell, developed methotrexate for the treatment of cancer and discovered a broad spectrum antibiotic Auromycin and Tetracycline.
Yogurt, yoghurt, or yoghourt (or; from yoğurt; other spellings listed below) is a food produced by bacterial fermentation of milk.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
ATC code A01AB13, ATC code D06AA04, ATC code J01AA07, ATC code S01AA09, ATC code S02AA08, ATC code S03AA02, ATCvet code QA01AB13, ATCvet code QD06AA04, ATCvet code QG01AA90, ATCvet code QG51AA02, ATCvet code QJ01AA07, ATCvet code QJ51AA07, ATCvet code QS01AA09, ATCvet code QS02AA08, ATCvet code QS03AA02, Abramycin, Abricycline, Achromycin, Achromycin V, Actisite, Agromicina, Ala-Tet, Ambramicina, Ambramycin, Amycin, Bio-Tetra, Biocycline, Bristaciclin, Bristaciclina, Bristacycline, Cefracycline, Ciclibion, Copharlan, Criseociclina, Cyclopar, Democracin, Deschlorobiomycin, Double tetracycline labeling, Dumocyclin, Enterocycline, Hostacyclin, Lexacycline, Limecycline, Liquamycin, Medocycline, Mericycline, Micycline, Neocycline, Oletetrin, Omegamycin, Orlycycline, Panmycin, Polycycline, Polyotic, Purocyclina, Resteclin, Retet, Robitet, Roviciclina, SK-Tetracycline, Solvocin, Sumycin, Tet resistance, Tetra-CO, Tetrabon, Tetrachel, Tetracycl, Tetracyclin, Tetracycline hydrochloride, Tetracycline phosphate complex, Tetracycline-induced pigmentation, Tetracyclins, Tetracyn, Tetradecin, Tetrafil, Tetramed, Tetraverine, Tetrex, Topicycline, Tsiklomistsin, Tsiklomitsin, Veracin, Vetacyclinum.