71 relations: Acetone, Acetonitrile, Acetylene, Acid catalysis, Acid strength, Adduct, Allyl alcohol, Ashland Inc., Ångström, Base (chemistry), Biofuel, Borane, Butylated hydroxytoluene, Chemical polarity, Clathrate hydrate, Condensation reaction, Debye, Desiccant, Diethyl ether, Distillation, DuPont, Elastomer, Ethanol, Ether, Ethylene oxide, Formaldehyde, Furan, Gel permeation chromatography, Glycan, Grease (lubricant), Grignard reaction, Heterocyclic compound, Hydroboration, Hydroformylation, Hydrogen sulfide, Hydrogenation, Lignocellulosic biomass, Lithium, Magnesium, Maleic anhydride, Median lethal dose, Methanol, Miscibility, Organic compound, Organic peroxide, Organolithium reagent, Organometallic chemistry, Oxetane, Oxford University Press, Pentose, ..., Polymer, Polytetrahydrofuran, Polyurethane, Polyvinyl chloride, Protic solvent, Pyrrolidine, Redox, Relative permittivity, Reversed-phase chromatography, Solvent, Spandex, Sugar, Tetrahydropyran, Tetrahydrothiophene, Tonne, Trapp mixture, Varnish, Viscosity, 1,4-Butanediol, 1,4-Dioxane, 2-Methyltetrahydrofuran. Expand index (21 more) » « Shrink index
Acetone (systematically named propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.
Acetonitrile is the chemical compound with the formula.
Acetylene (systematic name: ethyne) is the chemical compound with the formula C2H2.
In acid catalysis and base catalysis a chemical reaction is catalyzed by an acid or a base.
The strength of an acid refers to its ability or tendency to lose a proton (H+).
An adduct (from the Latin adductus, "drawn toward" alternatively, a contraction of "addition product") is a product of a direct addition of two or more distinct molecules, resulting in a single reaction product containing all atoms of all components.
Allyl alcohol (IUPAC name: prop-2-en-1-ol) is an organic compound with the structural formula CH2.
Ashland Global Specialty Chemicals Inc. is an American chemical company which operates in more than 100 countries.
The ångström or angstrom is a unit of length equal to (one ten-billionth of a metre) or 0.1 nanometre.
In chemistry, bases are substances that, in aqueous solution, release hydroxide (OH−) ions, are slippery to the touch, can taste bitter if an alkali, change the color of indicators (e.g., turn red litmus paper blue), react with acids to form salts, promote certain chemical reactions (base catalysis), accept protons from any proton donor, and/or contain completely or partially displaceable OH− ions.
A biofuel is a fuel that is produced through contemporary biological processes, such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion, rather than a fuel produced by geological processes such as those involved in the formation of fossil fuels, such as coal and petroleum, from prehistoric biological matter.
Borane (systematically named trihydridoboron), also called borine, is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula.
Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), also known as dibutylhydroxytoluene, is a lipophilic organic compound, chemically a derivative of phenol, that is useful for its antioxidant properties.
In chemistry, polarity is a separation of electric charge leading to a molecule or its chemical groups having an electric dipole or multipole moment.
Clathrate hydrates, or gas clathrates, gas hydrates, clathrates, hydrates, etc., are crystalline water-based solids physically resembling ice, in which small non-polar molecules (typically gases) or polar molecules with large hydrophobic moieties are trapped inside "cages" of hydrogen bonded, frozen water molecules.
A condensation reaction is a class of an organic addition reaction that proceeds in a step-wise fashion to produce the addition product, usually in equilibrium, and a water molecule (hence named condensation).
The debye (symbol: D) is a CGS unit (a non-SI metric unit) of electric dipole momentElectric dipole moment is defined as charge times displacement: |- |height.
A desiccant is a hygroscopic substance that induces or sustains a state of dryness (desiccation) in its vicinity; it is the opposite of a humectant.
Diethyl ether, or simply ether, is an organic compound in the ether class with the formula, sometimes abbreviated as (see Pseudoelement symbols).
Distillation is the process of separating the components or substances from a liquid mixture by selective boiling and condensation.
An elastomer is a polymer with viscoelasticity (i. e., both viscosity and elasticity) and very weak intermolecular forces, and generally low Young's modulus and high failure strain compared with other materials.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
Ethers are a class of organic compounds that contain an ether group—an oxygen atom connected to two alkyl or aryl groups.
Ethylene oxide, called oxirane by IUPAC, is an organic compound with the formula. It is a cyclic ether and the simplest epoxide: a three-membered ring consisting of one oxygen atom and two carbon atoms. Ethylene oxide is a colorless and flammable gas with a faintly sweet odor. Because it is a strained ring, ethylene oxide easily participates in a number of addition reactions that result in ring-opening. Ethylene oxide is isomeric with acetaldehyde and with vinyl alcohol. Ethylene oxide is industrially produced by oxidation of ethylene in the presence of silver catalyst. The reactivity that is responsible for many of ethylene oxide's hazards also make it useful. Although too dangerous for direct household use and generally unfamiliar to consumers, ethylene oxide is used for making many consumer products as well as non-consumer chemicals and intermediates. These products include detergents, thickeners, solvents, plastics, and various organic chemicals such as ethylene glycol, ethanolamines, simple and complex glycols, polyglycol ethers, and other compounds. Although it is a vital raw material with diverse applications, including the manufacture of products like polysorbate 20 and polyethylene glycol (PEG) that are often more effective and less toxic than alternative materials, ethylene oxide itself is a very hazardous substance. At room temperature it is a flammable, carcinogenic, mutagenic, irritating, and anaesthetic gas. As a toxic gas that leaves no residue on items it contacts, ethylene oxide is a surface disinfectant that is widely used in hospitals and the medical equipment industry to replace steam in the sterilization of heat-sensitive tools and equipment, such as disposable plastic syringes. It is so flammable and extremely explosive that it is used as a main component of thermobaric weapons; therefore, it is commonly handled and shipped as a refrigerated liquid to control its hazardous nature.Rebsdat, Siegfried and Mayer, Dieter (2005) "Ethylene Oxide" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim..
Furan is a heterocyclic organic compound, consisting of a five-membered aromatic ring with four carbon atoms and one oxygen.
Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) is a type of size exclusion chromatography (SEC), that separates analytes on the basis of size.
The terms glycan and polysaccharide are defined by IUPAC as synonyms meaning "compounds consisting of a large number of monosaccharides linked glycosidically".
Grease is a semisolid lubricant.
The Grignard reaction (pronounced) is an organometallic chemical reaction in which alkyl, vinyl, or aryl-magnesium halides (Grignard reagents) add to a carbonyl group in an aldehyde or ketone.
A heterocyclic compound or ring structure is a cyclic compound that has atoms of at least two different elements as members of its ring(s).
In chemistry, hydroboration refers to the addition of a hydrogen-boron bond to C-C, C-N, and C-O double bonds, as well as C-C triple bonds.
Hydroformylation, also known as oxo synthesis or oxo process, is an industrial process for the production of aldehydes from alkenes.
Hydrogen sulfide is the chemical compound with the chemical formula H2S.
Hydrogenation – to treat with hydrogen – is a chemical reaction between molecular hydrogen (H2) and another compound or element, usually in the presence of a catalyst such as nickel, palladium or platinum.
Lignocellulose refers to plant dry matter (biomass), so called lignocellulosic biomass.
Lithium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol Li and atomic number 3.
Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.
Maleic anhydride is an organic compound with the formula C2H2(CO)2O.
In toxicology, the median lethal dose, LD50 (abbreviation for "lethal dose, 50%"), LC50 (lethal concentration, 50%) or LCt50 is a measure of the lethal dose of a toxin, radiation, or pathogen.
Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, often abbreviated MeOH).
Miscibility is the property of substances to mix in all proportions (that is, to fully dissolve in each other at any concentration), forming a homogeneous solution.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Organic peroxides are organic compounds containing the peroxide functional group (ROOR′).
Organolithium reagents are organometallic compounds that contain carbon – lithium bonds.
Organometallic chemistry is the study of organometallic compounds, chemical compounds containing at least one chemical bond between a carbon atom of an organic molecule and a metal, including alkaline, alkaline earth, and transition metals, and sometimes broadened to include metalloids like boron, silicon, and tin, as well.
Oxetane, or 1,3-propylene oxide, is an heterocyclic organic compound with the molecular formula, having a four-membered ring with three carbon atoms and one oxygen atom.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
A pentose is a monosaccharide with five carbon atoms.
A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.
Polytetrahydrofuran, also called poly(tetramethylene ether) glycol or poly(tetramethylene oxide), is a chemical compound with formulanOH2 or HO-(-(CH2)4O-)n-H. It can be viewed as a polymer of tetrahydrofuran, or as the polyether derived from 1,4-butanediol.
Polyurethane (PUR and PU) is a polymer composed of organic units joined by carbamate (urethane) links.
Polyvinyl chloride, also known as polyvinyl or '''vinyl''', commonly abbreviated PVC, is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.
In chemistry, a protic solvent is a solvent that has a hydrogen atom bound to an oxygen (as in a hydroxyl group) or a nitrogen (as in an amine group).
Pyrrolidine, also known as tetrahydropyrrole, is an organic compound with the molecular formula (CH2)4NH.
Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.
The relative permittivity of a material is its (absolute) permittivity expressed as a ratio relative to the permittivity of vacuum.
Reversed-phase chromatography (also called RPC, reverse-phase chromatography, or hydrophobic chromatography) includes any chromatographic method that uses a hydrophobic stationary phase.
A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.
Spandex, Lycra or elastane is a synthetic fiber known for its exceptional elasticity.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
Tetrahydropyran (THP) is the organic compound consisting of a saturated six-membered ring containing five carbon atoms and one oxygen atom.
Tetrahydrothiophene is an organosulfur compound with the formula (CH2)4S.
The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.
The Trapp mixture is a specific mixture of organic solvents that allows chemical reactions to take place at very low temperatures.
Varnish is a transparent, hard, protective finish or film that is primarily used in wood finishing but also for other materials.
The viscosity of a fluid is the measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress.
1,4-Butanediol, colloquially known as BD, is the organic compound with the formula HOCH2CH2CH2CH2OH.
1,4-Dioxane is a heterocyclic organic compound, classified as an ether.
2-Methyltetrahydrofuran is an organic compound with the molecular formula CH3C4H7O.
1,4-epoxybutane, Butylene oxide, Cyclotetramethylene oxide, Diethylene oxide, Furanidine, Hydrofuran, Oxacyclopentane, Oxolane, THF, Tetra-methylene oxide, Tetrahydrofuran precautions, Tetrahydrofurane, Tetramethylene oxide, Thf.