97 relations: Abacá, Agave fourcroydes, Agricultural land, Alkali, Angora wool, Animal, Arable land, Art silk, Bast fibre, Boiler, Carbon sink, Cellulose, Cellulose acetate, Cellulose fiber, Child labour, Clothing, Clothing technology, Combing, Cotton, Cotton gin, Cotton mill, Desizing, Dobby loom, Dref Friction Spinning, Dyeing, Electrostatics, Extrusion, Fashion design, Felt, Fiber, Finishing (textiles), Fossil fuel, Genetically modified organism, Glossary of textile manufacturing, Gossypium, Heckling (flax), Hydrogen peroxide, Jacquard loom, Kenaf, Knitting, Knitting machine, Lancashire Loom, Loom, Military, Mule scavenger, Northrop Loom, Nylon, Open-end spinning, Oxidizing agent, Oxygen, ..., Parachute, Pirn, Plant, Ramie, Rapier loom, Rayon, Reagent, Reed (weaving), Retting, Ring spinning, Saponification, Scientist, Scutching, Shrinkage (fabric), Shuttle (weaving), Silk, Sisal, Sodium carbonate, Sodium hydroxide, Sodium hypochlorite, Spandex, Spinning (textiles), Spinning mule, Spinning wheel, Sulfuric acid, Synthetic fiber, T-shirt, Tackler, Textile, Textile design, Textile industry, Textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution, Textile manufacturing by pre-industrial methods, Timeline of clothing and textiles technology, United Kingdom, United States, Urena, Urtica dioica, Uzbekistan, Viscose, Warp and weft, Warp knitting, Weaving, Wood, Woolen, Worsted, Yarn. Expand index (47 more) » « Shrink index
Abacá (Abaka), binomial name Musa textilis, is a species of banana native to the Philippines, grown as a commercial crop in the Philippines, Ecuador, and Costa Rica.
Henequen (Agave fourcroydes Lem.) is an agave, a plant species native to southern Mexico and Guatemala.
Agricultural land is typically land devoted to agriculture, the systematic and controlled use of other forms of lifeparticularly the rearing of livestock and production of cropsto produce food for humans.
In chemistry, an alkali (from Arabic: al-qaly “ashes of the saltwort”) is a basic, ionic salt of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal chemical element.
Angora hair or Angora fibre refers to the downy coat produced by the Angora rabbit.
Animals are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia.
Arable land (from Latin arabilis, "able to be plowed") is, according to one definition, land capable of being ploughed and used to grow crops.
Artificial silk or art silk is any synthetic fiber which resembles silk, but typically costs less to produce.
Bast fibre (also called phloem fibre or skin fibre) is plant fibre collected from the phloem (the "inner bark", sometimes called "skin") or bast surrounding the stem of certain dicotyledonous plants.
A boiler is a closed vessel in which fluid (generally water) is heated.
A carbon sink is a natural or artificial reservoir that accumulates and stores some carbon-containing chemical compound for an indefinite period.
Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.
Cellulose acetate is the acetate ester of cellulose.
Cellulose fibres are fibres made with ether or esters of cellulose, which can be obtained from the bark, wood or leaves of plants, or from a plant-based material.
Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful.
Clothing (also known as clothes and attire) is a collective term for garments, items worn on the body.
Clothing technology involves the manufacturing, materials, and design innovations that have been developed and used.
Combing is a method for preparing carded fiber for spinning.
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.
A cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds, enabling much greater productivity than manual cotton separation.
A cotton mill is a factory housing powered spinning or weaving machinery for the production of yarn or cloth from cotton, an important product during the Industrial Revolution when the early mills were important in the development of the factory system.
Desizing is the process of removing the size material from the warp yarns after the textile fabric is woven.
A dobby loom is a type of floor loom that controls all the warp threads using a device called a dobby.
Friction Spinning or Dref Spinning is a textile technology that suitable for spinning coarse counts of yarns and technical core-wrapped yarns.
Dyeing is the process of adding color to textile products like fibers, yarns, and fabrics.
Electrostatics is a branch of physics that studies electric charges at rest.
Extrusion is a process used to create objects of a fixed cross-sectional profile.
Fashion design is the art of applying design, aesthetics and natural beauty to clothing and its accessories.
Felt is a textile material that is produced by matting, condensing and pressing fibers together.
Fiber or fibre (see spelling differences, from the Latin fibra) is a natural or synthetic substance that is significantly longer than it is wide.
In textile manufacturing, finishing refers to the processes that convert the woven or knitted cloth into a usable material and more specifically to any process performed after dyeing the yarn or fabric to improve the look, performance, or "hand" (feel) of the finish textile or clothing.
A fossil fuel is a fuel formed by natural processes, such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms, containing energy originating in ancient photosynthesis.
A genetically modified organism (GMO) is any organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques (i.e., a genetically engineered organism).
The manufacture of textiles is one of the oldest of human technologies.
Gossypium is a genus of flowering plants in the tribe Gossypieae of the mallow family, Malvaceae from which cotton is harvested.
Heckling (or "hackling") is the last of three steps in dressing flax, or preparing the fibers to be spun.
Hydrogen peroxide is a chemical compound with the formula.
The Jacquard machine is a device fitted to a power loom that simplifies the process of manufacturing textiles with such complex patterns as brocade, damask and matelassé.
Kenaf, Hibiscus cannabinus, is a plant in the Malvaceae family also called Deccan hemp and Java jute.
Knitting is a method by which yarn is manipulated to create a textile or fabric for use in many types of garments.
A knitting machine is a device used to create knitted fabrics in a semi or fully automated fashion.
The Lancashire Loom was a semi-automatic power loom invented by James Bullough and William Kenworthy in 1842.
A loom is a device used to weave cloth and tapestry.
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
Scavengers were employed in 18th and 19th century in cotton mills, predominantly in the UK and the United States, to clean and recoup the area underneath a spinning mule.
The Northrop Loom was a fully automatic power loom marketed by George Draper and Sons, Hopedale, Massachusetts beginning in 1895.
Nylon is a generic designation for a family of synthetic polymers, based on aliphatic or semi-aromatic polyamides.
Open-end spinning is a technology for creating yarn without using a spindle.
In chemistry, an oxidizing agent (oxidant, oxidizer) is a substance that has the ability to oxidize other substances — in other words to cause them to lose electrons.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
A parachute is a device used to slow the motion of an object through an atmosphere by creating drag (or in the case of ram-air parachutes, aerodynamic lift).
A pirn is a rod onto which weft thread is wound for use in weaving.
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
Ramie is a flowering plant in the nettle family Urticaceae, native to eastern Asia.
A rapier loom is a shuttleless weaving loom in which the filling yarn is carried through the shed of warp yarns to the other side of the loom by finger-like carriers called rapiers.
Rayon is a manufactured fiber made from regenerated cellulose fiber.
A reagent is a substance or compound added to a system to cause a chemical reaction, or added to test if a reaction occurs.
A reed is part of a loom, and resembles a comb.
Retting is a process employing the action of micro-organisms and moisture on plants to dissolve or rot away much of the cellular tissues and pectins surrounding bast-fibre bundles, and so facilitating separation of the fibre from the stem.
Ring spinning is a method of spinning fibres, such as cotton, flax or wool, to make a yarn.
Saponification is a process that produces soap.
A scientist is a person engaging in a systematic activity to acquire knowledge that describes and predicts the natural world.
Scutching is a step in the processing of cotton or the dressing of flax or hemp in preparation for spinning.
Shrinkage is the process in which a fabric becomes smaller than its original size, usually through the process of laundry.
A shuttle is a tool designed to neatly and compactly store a holder that carries the thread of the weft yarn while weaving with a loom.
Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.
Sisal, with the botanical name Agave sisalana, is a species of Agave native to southern Mexico but widely cultivated and naturalized in many other countries.
Sodium carbonate, Na2CO3, (also known as washing soda, soda ash and soda crystals, and in the monohydrate form as crystal carbonate) is the water-soluble sodium salt of carbonic acid.
Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations and hydroxide anions. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·n. The monohydrate NaOH· crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. The commercially available "sodium hydroxide" is often this monohydrate, and published data may refer to it instead of the anhydrous compound. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students. Sodium hydroxide is used in many industries: in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents, and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 2004 was approximately 60 million tonnes, while demand was 51 million tonnes.
Spandex, Lycra or elastane is a synthetic fiber known for its exceptional elasticity.
Spinning is the twisting together of drawn-out strands of fibers to form yarn, and is a major part of the textile industry.
The spinning mule is a machine used to spin cotton and other fibres.
A spinning wheel is a device for spinning thread or yarn from natural or synthetic fibres.
Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.
Synthetic fibers (British English: synthetic fibres) are fibers made by humans with chemical synthesis, as opposed to natural fibers that humans get from living organisms with little or no chemical changes.
A T-shirt (or t shirt, or tee) is a style of unisex fabric shirt named after the T shape of its body and sleeves.
A tackler was a supervisor in a textile factory responsible for the working of a number of power looms and the weavers who operated them.
A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).
Textile design is essentially the process of creating designs for woven, knitted or printed fabrics or surface ornamented fabrics.
The textile industry is primarily concerned with the design, production and distribution of yarn, cloth and clothing.
Textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution in Britain was centred in south Lancashire and the towns on both sides of the Pennines.
Textile manufacturing is one of the oldest human activities.
This timeline of clothing and textiles technology covers the events of fiber and flexible woven material worn on the body; including making, modification, usage, and knowledge of tools, machines, techniques, crafts, and systems (technology).
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Urena is a genus of plants which grow in various tropical and subtropical areas throughout the world.
Urtica dioica, often called common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae.
Uzbekistan, officially also the Republic of Uzbekistan (Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi), is a doubly landlocked Central Asian Sovereign state.
Viscose is a semi-synthetic fiber.
Warp and weft are terms for the two basic components used in weaving to turn thread or yarn into fabric.
Warp knitting is a family of knitting methods in which the yarn zigzags along the length of the fabric; i.e., following adjacent columns, or wales, of knitting, rather than a single row, or course.
Weaving is a method of textile production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth.
Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants.
Woolen (American English) or woollen (Commonwealth English) is a type of yarn made from carded wool.
Worsted is a high-quality type of wool yarn, the fabric made from this yarn, and a yarn weight category.
Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery, or ropemaking.
Carding wool, Fabric engineering, Fabric mill, Garment and Textile Care Industry, Garment factory, Opener (textiles), Scouring mill, Textile Engineering, Textile Mill, Textile Mills, Textile Technology, Textile engineer, Textile engineering, Textile engineers, Textile factory, Textile machinery, Textile manufacture, Textile mill, Textile mill (disambiguation), Textile mills, Textile processing, Textiles Engineering, Textiles engineering, Wool mill, Woolen Mill, Woolen mill, Woollen mill.