216 relations: Affidavit, African National Congress, African Peer Review Mechanism, African Renaissance, African Union, Alice, Eastern Cape, Amnesty, ANC Today, Archbishop, Arthur Mutambara, Athens, Aziz Pahad, Baleka Mbete, Barbara Hogan, Barloworld Limited, Bath, Somerset, Bernard Ngoepe, Bertolt Brecht, Black Economic Empowerment, Blues, Botswana, BRIC, Brighton, Bulelani Ngcuka, Burundi, Business Day (South Africa), Butterworth, Eastern Cape, Cape Province, Cape Town, Chairperson of the African Union, Champions of the Earth, Chief Whip, Chris Hani, Christopher Robert Nicholson, Commonwealth Chair-in-Office, Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 1999, Commonwealth of Nations, Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Confederation of African Football, Congress of South African Trade Unions, Congress of the People (South African political party), Constitutional court, Constitutional Court of South Africa, Coordinated Universal Time, Corporate Council on Africa, Correlation and dependence, Cyril Ramaphosa, David Brooks (commentator), Democratic Alliance (South Africa), Democratic Republic of the Congo, ..., Deputy President of South Africa, Desmond Tutu, Dikgang Moseneke, Dora Bakoyannis, Durban, Economy of South Africa, Elizabeth II, Embassy of the United States, London, Emeritus, Emmerson Mnangagwa, England, Epainette Mbeki, Eskom, Essop Pahad, Excellency, F. W. de Klerk, Farnham Castle, Forbes, Foreign direct investment, Frank Chikane, Freedom Charter, Gauteng, Glasgow Caledonian University, Govan Mbeki, Harare, Harold Wilson, Head of the Commonwealth, Heathrow Airport, High Court of South Africa, HIV/AIDS, HIV/AIDS denialism, Hult International Business School, Hundred Flowers Campaign, Hurricane Katrina, Hyperinflation, IBSA Dialogue Forum, Indian Country Today, Inkatha Freedom Party, Ivory Coast, Ivy Matsepe-Casaburri, Jacob Zuma, Jendayi Frazer, Joaquim Chissano, Johannesburg, John Howard, Karl Marx, Kary Mullis, Kenneth Kaunda, Kgalema Motlanthe, Kobie Coetsee, Lesotho, Lesotho Liberation Army, Levy Mwanawasa, London, Lovedale (South Africa), Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Lusaka, Mahathir Mohamad, Mahatma Gandhi, Mail & Guardian, Management of HIV/AIDS, Mangosuthu Buthelezi, Manto Tshabalala-Msimang, Mark Gevisser, Mbewuleni, Mbhazima Shilowa, Mells Park, Moeletsi Mbeki, Monwabisi Kwanda Mbeki, Morgan Tsvangirai, Moscow, Mosibudi Mangena, Movement for Democratic Change (1999–2005), Movement for Democratic Change – Tsvangirai, National Academy of Sciences, National Executive Committee, National Executive Committee of the African National Congress, National Party (South Africa), National Prosecuting Authority, Nedbank, Negotiations to end apartheid in South Africa, Nelson Chamisa, Nelson Mandela, Neoliberalism, Nevirapine, New Partnership for Africa's Development, Nigeria, Non-Aligned Movement, Old Mutual, Oliver Tambo, Olusegun Obasanjo, Order of Saint John (chartered 1888), Order of the Bath, Organisation of African Unity, P. W. Botha, Pan Africanist Congress of Azania, Paul Kagame, PBS, Peter Duesberg, Pharmaceutical industry, Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, Pietermaritzburg, Platinum, Politics of Zimbabwe, President of Brazil, President of South Africa, Pretoria, Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester, Professional, Public hospital, Rand Afrikaans University, Rationing, Robert Mugabe, Rwanda, Sasol, Scientific consensus, Sisi Khampepe, Social democracy, Socioeconomics, South African Communist Party, South African general election, 2009, Southern African Development Community, Soviet Union, Soweto uprising, Stellenbosch University, Sudan, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tanzania, The Daily Telegraph, The Economist, The New York Times, The New York Times International Edition, The Times, The Washington Post, The World Factbook, Tony Blair, Treatment Action Campaign, Umkhonto we Sizwe, Union of South Africa, UNITED for Intercultural Action, United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1761, United Nations Security Council, Universal suffrage, University of London, University of South Africa, University of Sussex, Violent crime, W. B. Yeats, Walter Sisulu, Welshman Ncube, William Shakespeare, Witwatersrand, Xenophobia, Xenophobia in South Africa, Xhosa language, Yusuf Dadoo, Zambia, Zanele Dlamini Mbeki, ZANU–PF, Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe National Liberation War Veterans Association, Zimbabwean parliamentary election, 2005, Zimbabwean presidential election, 2002, 2010 FIFA World Cup, 52nd National Conference of the African National Congress. Expand index (166 more) » « Shrink index
An affidavit is a written sworn statement of fact voluntarily made by an affiant or deponent under an oath or affirmation administered by a person authorized to do so by law.
The African National Congress (ANC) is the Republic of South Africa's governing political party.
The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) is a mutually agreed instrument voluntarily acceded to by the member states of the African Union (AU) as a self-monitoring mechanism.
The African Renaissance is the concept that African people and nations shall overcome the current challenges confronting the continent and achieve cultural, scientific, and economic renewal.
The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of all 55 countries on the African continent, extending slightly into Asia via the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt.
Alice is a town in South Africa that is named after The Princess Alice, daughter of the British Queen Victoria.
Amnesty (from the Greek ἀμνηστία amnestia, "forgetfulness, passing over") is defined as: "A pardon extended by the government to a group or class of people, usually for a political offense; the act of a sovereign power officially forgiving certain classes of people who are subject to trial but have not yet been convicted." It includes more than pardon, inasmuch as it obliterates all legal remembrance of the offense.
ANC Today is a weekly web-based newsletter published by the African National Congress (ANC).
In Christianity, an archbishop (via Latin archiepiscopus, from Greek αρχιεπίσκοπος, from αρχι-, 'chief', and επίσκοπος, 'bishop') is a bishop of higher rank or office.
Arthur Guseni Oliver Mutambara (born 25 May 1966) New Zimbabwe is a Zimbabwean politician.
Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.
Aziz Pahad (born 25 December 1940) is a South African politician, who served as Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1999-2008, he currently serves as an MP for Johannesburg West Highlands.
Baleka Mbete (born 24 September 1949) is a South African politician who is the Speaker of the National Assembly of South Africa serving since May 2014.
Barbara Hogan (born 28 February 1952) is a former Minister of Health and of Public Enterprises in the Cabinet of South Africa.
Barloworld Limited is an industrial brand management company, founded in South Africa.
Bath is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Somerset, England, known for its Roman-built baths.
Judge Bernard Makgabo Ngoepe (born 22 October 1947) is a South African Judge.
Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht (10 February 1898 – 14 August 1956), known professionally as Bertolt Brecht, was a German theatre practitioner, playwright, and poet.
Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) is a racially selective programme launched by the South African government to redress the inequalities of Apartheid by giving black (Blacks, Coloureds and Indians) South African citizens economic privileges previously not available to them under White rule.
Blues is a music genre and musical form originated by African Americans in the Deep South of the United States around the end of the 19th century.
Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa.
In economics, BRIC is a grouping acronym that refers to the countries of '''B'''razil, '''R'''ussia, '''I'''ndia and '''C'''hina, which are all deemed to be at a similar stage of newly advanced economic development.
Brighton is a seaside resort on the south coast of England which is part of the city of Brighton and Hove, East Sussex, 47 miles (75 km) south of London.
Bulelani T Ngcuka (pronounced; born 2 May 1954) was the first national Director of Public Prosecutions in South Africa, and is the husband of former Deputy President of South Africa Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka.
Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi (Republika y'Uburundi,; République du Burundi, or), is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
Business Day is a national daily newspaper in South Africa, published from Monday to Friday and also available as an e-paper.
Butterworth (also known as Gcuwa) is a town in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.
The Province of the Cape of Good Hope (Provinsie van die Kaap die Goeie Hoop), commonly referred to as the Cape Province (Kaapprovinsie) and colloquially as The Cape (Die Kaap), was a province in the Union of South Africa and subsequently the Republic of South Africa.
Cape Town (Kaapstad,; Xhosa: iKapa) is a coastal city in South Africa.
The Chairperson of the African Union is the ceremonial head of the African Union elected by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government for a one-year term.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment) established Champions of the Earth in 2005 as an annual awards programme to recognize outstanding environmental leaders from the public and private sectors, and from civil society.
The Chief Whip is a political office in some legislatures whose task is to administer the whipping system that tries to ensure that members of the party attend and vote as the party leadership desires.
Chris Hani (28 June 1942 – 10 April 1993), born Martin Thembisile Hani, was the leader of the South African Communist Party and chief of staff of uMkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC).
Christopher Robert Nicholson (born on 5 February 1945) is a retired South African high court judge and a former cricketer, who played one first-class match for South African Universities in 1967.
The Commonwealth Chair-in-Office (CIO) is the Chair-in-Office of the Commonwealth of Nations, and is one of the main leadership positions in the Commonwealth.
The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 1999 was the sixteenth Meeting of the Heads of Government of the Commonwealth of Nations.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
The Communist Party of the Soviet Union was the founding and ruling political party of the Soviet Union.
The Confederation of African Football or CAF (Confédération Africaine de Football) is the administrative and controlling body for African association football.
The Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) is a trade union federation in South Africa.
The Congress of the People (COPE) is a South African political party formed in 2008 by former members of the African National Congress (ANC).
A constitutional court is a high court that deals primarily with constitutional law.
The Constitutional Court of South Africa is a supreme constitutional court established by the Constitution of South Africa.
The Corporate Council on Africa (CCA) is a trade association focusing on strengthening commercial relationships between the United States and the African continent.
In statistics, dependence or association is any statistical relationship, whether causal or not, between two random variables or bivariate data.
Matamela Cyril Ramaphosa (born 17 November 1952) is a South African politician and, since 15 February 2018, the fifth and current President of South Africa.
David Brooks (born August 11, 1961) is an American author and conservative political and cultural commentator who writes for The New York Times.
The Democratic Alliance (DA) is a South African political party and the official opposition to the governing African National Congress (ANC).
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo), also known as DR Congo, the DRC, Congo-Kinshasa or simply the Congo, is a country located in Central Africa.
The Deputy President of South Africa is the deputy head of government of South Africa.
Desmond Mpilo Tutu (born 7 October 1931) is a South African Anglican cleric and theologian known for his work as an anti-apartheid and human rights activist.
Dikgang Ernest Moseneke (born 20 December 1947) is a South African judge and former Deputy Chief Justice of South Africa.
Theodora "Dora" Bakoyannis (Θεοδώρα "Ντόρα" Μπακογιάννη;; née Mitsotakis; Μητσοτάκη; born May 6, 1954), is a Greek politician.
Durban (eThekwini, from itheku meaning "bay/lagoon") is the largest city in the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal and the third most populous in South Africa after Johannesburg and Cape Town.
The economy of South Africa is the second largest in Africa, after Nigeria.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
The Embassy of the United States of America in London is the diplomatic mission of the United States in the United Kingdom.
Emeritus, in its current usage, is an adjective used to designate a retired professor, pastor, bishop, pope, director, president, prime minister, or other person.
Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa (US:; born 15 September 1942) is a Zimbabwean politician serving as the third and current President of Zimbabwe since 24 November 2017.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Nomaka Epainette Mbeki, née Moerane (16 February 1916 – 7 June 2014), commonly known as "MaMbeki", was the mother of former South African president Thabo Mbeki and widow of political activist Govan Mbeki.
Eskom is a South African electricity public utility, established in 1923 as the Electricity Supply Commission (ESCOM) by the government of the Union of South Africa in terms of the Electricity Act (1922).
Essop Goolam Pahad (born 21 June 1939) is a South African politician.
Excellency is an honorific style given to certain high-level officers of a sovereign state, officials of an international organization, or members of an aristocracy.
Frederik Willem de Klerk (born 18 March 1936) is a South African politician who served as State President of South Africa from 1989 to 1994 and as Deputy President from 1994 to 1996.
Farnham Castle is a castle in Farnham, Surrey, England.
Forbes is an American business magazine.
A foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment in the form of a controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country.
Frank Chikane (born 3 January 1951 in Bushbuckridge, Transvaal) is a South African civil servant, writer and cleric.
The Freedom Charter was the statement of core principles of the South African Congress Alliance, which consisted of the African National Congress (ANC) and its allies - the South African Indian Congress, the South African Congress of Democrats and the Coloured People's Congress.
Gauteng, which means "place of gold", is one of the nine provinces of South Africa.
Glasgow Caledonian University (informally GCU or Caledonian) is a public university in Glasgow.
Govan Archibald Mvuyelwa Mbeki (9 July 1910 – 30 August 2001) was a South African politician and son of Chief Sikelewu Mbeki and Johanna Mahala and also the father of the former South African president Thabo Mbeki and political economist Moeletsi Mbeki.
Harare (officially named Salisbury until 1982) is the capital and most populous city of Zimbabwe.
James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was a British Labour politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and from 1974 to 1976.
The Head of the Commonwealth is the "symbol of the free association of independent member nations" of the Commonwealth of Nations (commonly known as the Commonwealth), an intergovernmental organisation that currently comprises fifty-three sovereign states.
Heathrow Airport (also known as London Heathrow) is a major international airport in London, United Kingdom.
The High Court of South Africa is a superior court of law in South Africa.
Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
HIV/AIDS denialism is the belief, contradicted by conclusive medical and scientific evidence, that human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) does not cause acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Hult International Business School is a private business school with campus locations in San Francisco, London, New York City, Dubai, Boston, and Shanghai.
The Hundred Flowers Campaign, also termed the Hundred Flowers Movement, was a period in 1956 in the People's Republic of China during which the Communist Party of China (CPC) encouraged its citizens to openly express their opinions of the communist regime.
Hurricane Katrina was an extremely destructive and deadly Category 5 hurricane that caused catastrophic damage along the Gulf coast from central Florida to Texas, much of it due to the storm surge and levee failure.
In economics, hyperinflation is very high and typically accelerating inflation.
The IBSA Dialogue Forum ('''I'''ndia, '''B'''razil, '''S'''outh '''A'''frica) is an international tripartite grouping for promoting international cooperation among these countries.
Indian Country Today (ICT, formerly known as ICMN, or ICTMN) is a website and formerly weekly online newsletter that is a national news source for and about Native American people in North America as well as First Nations people in Canada and Indigenous people worldwide.
The Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) is a political party in South Africa.
Ivory Coast, also known as Côte d'Ivoire and officially as the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, is a sovereign state located in West Africa.
Ivy Florence Matsepe-Casaburri (18 September 1937 – 6 April 2009) was a South African politician.
Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma (born 12 April 1942) is a South African politician who served as the fourth President of South Africa from the 2009 general election until his resignation on 14 February 2018.
Jendayi Elizabeth Frazer (born 1961) is the former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, heading the Bureau of African Affairs.
Joaquim Alberto Chissano (born 22 October 1939) is a politician who served as the second President of Mozambique, from 1986 to 2005.
Johannesburg (also known as Jozi, Joburg and Egoli) is the largest city in South Africa and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.
John Winston Howard, (born 26 July 1939) is a former Australian politician who served as the 25th Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1996 to 2007.
Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.
Kary Banks Mullis (born December 28, 1944) is a Nobel Prize-winning American biochemist.
Kenneth David Buchizya Kaunda (born 28 April 1924), also known as KK, is a Zambian former politician who served as the first President of Zambia from 1964 to 1991.
Kgalema Petrus Motlanthe (born 19 July 1949) is a South African politician who served as President of South Africa between 25 September 2008 and 9 May 2009, following the resignation of Thabo Mbeki.
Hendrik Jacobus (Kobie) Coetsee (19 April 1931 – 29 July 2000) was a South African lawyer, National Party politician and administrator as well as a negotiator during the country's transition to multi-racial democracy.
Lesotho officially the Kingdom of Lesotho ('Muso oa Lesotho), is an enclaved country in southern Africa.
The Lesotho Liberation Army (LLA) was a guerrilla movement in Lesotho, formed in the mid-1970s and connected to both the anti-Apartheid Azanian People's Liberation Army (APLA) and the South African National Party government.
Levy Patrick Mwanawasa (3 September 1948 – 19 August 2008) was the third Republican President of Zambia.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Lovedale also known as Lovedale Missionary Institute was a mission station and educational institute in the Victoria East division of the Cape Province, South Africa (now in Eastern Cape Province).
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (born 27 October 1945), popularly known as Lula, is a Brazilian politician and former union leader, who served as the 35th President of Brazil from 2003 to 2011.
Lusaka is the capital and largest city of Zambia.
Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad (Jawi:محضير بن محمد; IPA:; born 10 July 1925) is a Malaysian politician currently serving as the Prime Minister of Malaysia for the second time.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule.
The Mail & Guardian is a South African weekly newspaper, published by M&G Media in Johannesburg, South Africa.
The management of HIV/AIDS normally includes the use of multiple antiretroviral drugs in an attempt to control HIV infection.
Mangosuthu Buthelezi (born 27 August 1928) is a South African politician and Zulu tribal leader who founded the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) in 1975 and was Chief Minister of the KwaZulu bantustan until 1994.
Mark Gevisser (born 1964) is a South African author and journalist best known for his biography of Thabo Mbeki, his country's second democratically elected president.
Mbewuleni is a remote village in the Sakhisizwe Local Municipality of the Eastern Cape in South Africa.
Mbhazima Samuel (Sam) Shilowa, correct Tsonga spelling "Xilowa" (born 30 April 1958) is a South African politician.
Mells Park is a country estate of near Mells, Somerset, England.
Moeletsi Goduka Mbeki (born November 30, 1945) is a political economist and the deputy chairman of the South African Institute of International Affairs, an independent think tank based at the University of the Witwatersrand, and is a political analyst for Nedcor Bank.
Monwabisi Kwanda Mbeki is the son of former South African President Thabo Mbeki and Olive Mpahlwa.
Morgan Richard Tsvangirai (10 March 1952 – 14 February 2018) was a Zimbabwean politician who was Prime Minister of Zimbabwe from 2009 to 2013.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
Mosibudi Mangena (born 7 August 1947 in Tzaneen, Transvaal) is a South Africa politician, former President of the Azanian People's Organisation (AZAPO).
Before its split in 2005, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) was a Zimbabwean political party organised under the leadership of Morgan Tsvangirai.
The Movement for Democratic Change – Tsvangirai (MDC–T) is a political party and currently the main opposition party in the House of Assembly of Zimbabwe ahead of the 2018 elections.
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a United States nonprofit, non-governmental organization.
The National Executive Committee (NEC) is the governing body of the UK Labour Party, setting the overall strategic direction of the party and policy development.
The National Executive Committee of the African National Congress is the chief executive organ of the South African political party, the African National Congress.
The National Party (Nasionale Party), also known as the Nationalist Party, was a political party in South Africa founded in 1914 and disbanded in 1997.
The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa (Act No. 108 of 1996), created a single National Prosecution Authority (NPA), which is governed by the National Prosecuting Authority Act (Act No. 32 of 1998).
Nedbank Ltd is one of the largest banks in South Africa; however, it is one of the newest banks to be incorporated.
The apartheid system in South Africa was ended through a series of negotiations between 1990 and 1993 and through unilateral steps by the de Klerk government.
Nelson Chamisa (born 2 February 1978) is a Zimbabwean politician, current MDC-T President and member of the House of Assembly of Zimbabwe for Kuwadzana, Harare.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.
Neoliberalism or neo-liberalism refers primarily to the 20th-century resurgence of 19th-century ideas associated with laissez-faire economic liberalism.
Nevirapine (NVP), marketed under the trade name Viramune among others, is a medication used to treat and prevent HIV/AIDS, specifically HIV-1.
The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) is an economic development program of the African Union.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.
Old Mutual Limited is a pan-African investment, savings, insurance, and banking group.
Oliver Reginald Kaizana Tambo (27 October 191724 April 1993) was a South African anti-apartheid politician and revolutionary who served as President of the African National Congress (ANC) from 1967 to 1991.
Chief Olusegun Mathew Okikiola Aremu Obasanjo, GCFR, Ph.D. (Olúṣẹ́gun Ọbásanjọ́; born 5 May 1937) is a former Nigerian Army general who was President of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007.
The Order of St John, formally the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem (l'ordre très vénérable de l'Hôpital de Saint-Jean de Jérusalem) and also known as St John International, is a British royal order of chivalry first constituted in 1888 by royal charter from Queen Victoria.
The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.
The Organisation of African Unity (OAU; Organisation de l'unité africaine (OUA)) was established on 25 May 1963 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia with 32 signatory governments.
Pieter Willem Botha, (12 January 1916 – 31 October 2006), commonly known as "P.
The Pan Africanist Congress of Azania (formerly known as the Pan Africanist Congress, abbreviated as the PAC) is a South African Black Nationalist movement that is now a political party.
Paul Kagame (born 23 October 1957) is a Rwandan politician and former military leader.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
Peter H. Duesberg (born December 2, 1936) is a German American molecular biologist and a professor of molecular and cell biology at the University of California, Berkeley.
The pharmaceutical industry (or medicine industry) is the commercial industry that discovers, develops, produces, and markets drugs or pharmaceutical drugs for use as different types of medicine and medications.
Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka (born 3 November 1955, South African Government Information.) is a South African politician and United Nations official, and is currently serving as the Executive Director of UN Women with the rank of Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations.
Pietermaritzburg (Zulu: umGungundlovu) is the capital and second-largest city in the province of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Platinum is a chemical element with symbol Pt and atomic number 78.
The politics of Zimbabwe takes place in a framework of a full presidential republic, whereby the President is the head of state and government as organised by the 2013 Constitution.
The President of Brazil, officially the President of the Federative Republic of Brazil (Presidente da República Federativa do Brasil) or simply the President of the Republic, is both the head of state and the head of government of the Federative Republic of Brazil.
The President of the Republic of South Africa is the head of state and head of government under the Constitution of South Africa.
Pretoria is a city in the northern part of Gauteng, South Africa.
Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester, (Richard Alexander Walter George; born 26 August 1944) is the youngest grandchild of King George V and Queen Mary.
A professional is a member of a profession or any person who earns their living from a specified professional activity.
A public hospital or government hospital is a hospital which is owned by a government and receives government funding.
The Rand Afrikaans University (RAU) was a prominent South African institution of higher education and research that served the greater Johannesburg area and surroundings from 1967 to 2004.
Rationing is the controlled distribution of scarce resources, goods, or services, or an artificial restriction of demand.
Robert Gabriel Mugabe (born 21 February 1924) is a former Zimbabwean politician and revolutionary who served as Prime Minister of Zimbabwe from 1980 to 1987 and then as President from 1987 to 2017.
Rwanda (U Rwanda), officially the Republic of Rwanda (Repubulika y'u Rwanda; République du Rwanda), is a sovereign state in Central and East Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland.
Sasol Limited is an integrated energy and chemical company based in Sandton, South Africa.
Scientific consensus is the collective judgment, position, and opinion of the community of scientists in a particular field of study.
Sisi Virginia Khampepe (born 8 January 1957) is a South African judge who currently serves on the Constitutional Court of South Africa.
Social democracy is a political, social and economic ideology that supports economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a liberal democratic polity and capitalist economy.
Socioeconomics (also known as social economics) is the social science that studies how economic activity affects and is shaped by social processes.
The South African Communist Party (SACP) is a communist party in South Africa.
South Africa held national and provincial elections to elect a new National Assembly as well as the provincial legislature in each province on 22 April 2009.
The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is an inter-governmental organization headquartered in Gaborone, Botswana.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Soweto uprising was a series of demonstrations and protests led by black school children in South Africa that began on the morning of 16 June 1976.
Stellenbosch University (Universiteit Stellenbosch) is a public research university situated in Stellenbosch, a town in the Western Cape province of South Africa.
The Sudan or Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.
Swaziland, officially the Kingdom of Eswatini since April 2018 (Swazi: Umbuso weSwatini), is a landlocked sovereign state in Southern Africa.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a sovereign state in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The New York Times International Edition is an English-language newspaper printed at 38 sites throughout the world and sold in more than 160 countries and territories.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The World Factbook, also known as the CIA World Factbook, is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) with almanac-style information about the countries of the world.
Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born 6 May 1953) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1994 to 2007.
The Treatment Action Campaign (TAC) is a South African HIV/AIDS activist organisation which was co-founded by the HIV-positive activist Zackie Achmat in 1998.
uMkhonto we Sizwe (abbreviated as MK,, meaning "Spear of the Nation") was the armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC), co-founded by Nelson Mandela in the wake of the Sharpeville massacre.
The Union of South Africa (Unie van Zuid-Afrika, Unie van Suid-Afrika) is the historic predecessor to the present-day Republic of South Africa.
UNITED for Intercultural Action is a European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees, in which over 560 organisations from 48 European countries cooperate.
United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1761 was passed on 6 November 1962 in response to the racist policies of apartheid established by the South African Government.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
The concept of universal suffrage, also known as general suffrage or common suffrage, consists of the right to vote of all adult citizens, regardless of property ownership, income, race, or ethnicity, subject only to minor exceptions.
The University of London (abbreviated as Lond. or more rarely Londin. in post-nominals) is a collegiate and a federal research university located in London, England.
The University of South Africa (UNISA) is the largest university on the African continent and attracts a third of all higher education students in South Africa.
The University of Sussex is a public research university in Falmer, Sussex, England.
A violent crime or crime of violence is a crime in which an offender or perpetrator uses or threatens to use force upon a victim.
William Butler Yeats (13 June 186528 January 1939) was an Irish poet and one of the foremost figures of 20th-century literature.
Walter Max Ulyate Sisulu (18 May 1912 – 5 May 2003) was a South African anti-apartheid activist and member of the African National Congress (ANC), serving at times as Secretary-General and Deputy President of the organization.
Welshman Ncube (born 7 July 1961) is a Zimbabwean lawyer, businessman and politician.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
The Witwatersrand (locally the Rand or, less commonly, the Reef) is a, north-facing scarp in South Africa.
Xenophobia is the fear and distrust of that which is perceived to be foreign or strange.
Prior to 1994, immigrants from elsewhere faced discrimination and even violence in South Africa.
Xhosa (Xhosa: isiXhosa) is a Nguni Bantu language with click consonants ("Xhosa" begins with a click) and one of the official languages of South Africa.
Yusuf Mohamed Dadoo (5 September 1909 – 19 September 1983) was a South African communist and anti-apartheid activist.
Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in south-central Africa, (although some sources prefer to consider it part of the region of east Africa) neighbouring the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west.
Zanele Dlamini Mbeki is a feminist South African social worker, founder of Women's Development Bank.
The Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front (ZANU–PF) has been the ruling party in Zimbabwe since independence in 1980.
Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The capital and largest city is Harare. A country of roughly million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most commonly used. Since the 11th century, present-day Zimbabwe has been the site of several organised states and kingdoms as well as a major route for migration and trade. The British South Africa Company of Cecil Rhodes first demarcated the present territory during the 1890s; it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965, the conservative white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia. The state endured international isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces; this culminated in a peace agreement that established universal enfranchisement and de jure sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980. Zimbabwe then joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 for breaches of international law by its then government and from which it withdrew from in December 2003. It is a member of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its prosperity. Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU-PF party won the elections following the end of white minority rule; he was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 until his resignation in 2017. Under Mugabe's authoritarian regime, the state security apparatus dominated the country and was responsible for widespread human rights violations. Mugabe maintained the revolutionary socialist rhetoric of the Cold War era, blaming Zimbabwe's economic woes on conspiring Western capitalist countries. Contemporary African political leaders were reluctant to criticise Mugabe, who was burnished by his anti-imperialist credentials, though Archbishop Desmond Tutu called him "a cartoon figure of an archetypal African dictator". The country has been in economic decline since the 1990s, experiencing several crashes and hyperinflation along the way. On 15 November 2017, in the wake of over a year of protests against his government as well as Zimbabwe's rapidly declining economy, Mugabe was placed under house arrest by the country's national army in a coup d'état. On 19 November 2017, ZANU-PF sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his place. On 21 November 2017, Mugabe tendered his resignation prior to impeachment proceedings being completed.
Zimbabwe National Liberation War Veterans Association (ZNLWVA) is a Zimbabwean organisation established by former combatants of the Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army (ZANLA) and Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army (ZIPRA) who served during the Rhodesian Bush War.
Parliamentary elections were held in Zimbabwe on 31 March 2005 to elect members to the Zimbabwe House of Assembly.
Presidential elections were held in Zimbabwe between 9 and 11 March 2002.
The 2010 FIFA World Cup was the 19th FIFA World Cup, the world championship for men's national association football teams.
The 52nd National Conference of the African National Congress (ANC) was held in Polokwane, Limpopo from 16 December – 20 December 2007.