494 relations: A. C. Grayling, A. Harry Griffin, A. J. P. Taylor, A. P. Wadsworth, Abraham Lincoln, Act of Settlement 1701, Adam Raphael, Advice column, Alan Rusbridger, Alastair Hetherington, Aleks Krotoski, Alex Brummer, Alex Kapranos, Alexander Chancellor, Alistair Cooke, Allegra Stratton, Alys Fowler, Amelia Gentleman, American Civil War, Ana Marie Cox, Anagram, Andrew Rawnsley, Aneurin Bevan, Ann Widdecombe, Anna Minton, Anna Politkovskaya, Antisemitism, Armando Iannucci, Arnold Toynbee, Arte, Arthur Koestler, Arthur Ransome, Audit, Balfour Declaration, Barack Obama, Barclays, BBC, BBC Two, Ben Goldacre, Ben Hammersley, Berkeley Breathed, Berliner (format), Bernadette Devlin McAliskey, Beth Ditto, Bevins Prize, Bibi van der Zee, Biff (cartoon), Bill of Rights 1689, Bloody Sunday (1972), Bloody Sunday Inquiry, ..., Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Brian Aldiss, Brian J. Ford, Brian Redhead, Brian Whitaker, British Library, Broadsheet, BT Group, C. L. R. James, C. P. Scott, Cable & Wireless plc, Carter-Ruck, Catherine Bennett (journalist), Centre-left politics, Chaim Weizmann, Channel 4, Charles Edward Montague, Charlie Brooker, Chris McGreal, Chris Sievey, Christian Schwartz, Clare Hollingworth, Clare in the Community, Clark County, Ohio, Class action, Classical liberalism, Clement Attlee, Clifford Harper, CNN, Communist Party of Great Britain, Craig Brown (satirist), Criticism of the Israeli government, Cruise missile, Daily Express, Daily Herald (UK newspaper), Daily Mirror, Dan McDougall, David Aaronovitch, David Austin (cartoonist), David Cameron, David Hencke, David Leigh (journalist), David Lloyd George, David Low (cartoonist), David McKie, David Pallister, David Steel, Dawn Foster, Decca Aitkenhead, Defamation, Derek Malcolm, Die Tageszeitung, Dilpazier Aslam, Direct action, Doonesbury, Duncan Campbell (journalist, born 1944), Eamonn McCabe, Ed Vulliamy, Editor & Publisher, Editorial independence, Edward Snowden, Edward Taylor Scott, Edwardian era, Edzard Ernst, Electoral reform, Elie Wiesel, Emma Brockes, Emma Kennedy, Erwin James, Evelyn Flinders, FindArticles, First-past-the-post voting, Francisco Franco, Frankie Boyle, Frederick Augustus Voigt, Friedrich Engels, FTSE 100 Index, G. D. H. Cole, Gag order, Garamond, Gareth McLean, Garry Trudeau, Gary Younge, Gavyn Davies, George Monbiot, George Orwell, George Soros, George W. Bush, Georgina Henry, Germaine Greer, Ghaith Abdul-Ahad, Gillian Reynolds, Gizmodo, Glenn Greenwald, Government Communications Headquarters, Grace Dent, Greg Palast, Guardian Australia, Guardian Children's Fiction Prize, Guardian Egyptian, Guardian Fiction Prize, Guardian First Book Award, Guardian Media Group, Guardian Monthly, Guardian Student Media Award, Guardian US, Guinness World Records, Gulf War, Guy Browning, Hadley Freeman, Hank Wangford, Harold Evans, Harriet Baber, Harrods, Hay Festival, Hay-on-Wye, Haymarket Media Group, Hôtel Ritz Paris, Helen Pidd, Helvetica, Heston Blumenthal, Hizb ut-Tahrir, Home Office, Hot metal typesetting, Howard Spring, Hugo Chávez, Hugo Young, Human shield, Ian Aitken (journalist), Ian Cobain, Ian Katz, Idio, If... (comic), Inayat Bunglawala, International Socialism (magazine), Internment, Ipsos MORI, Isabel Hilton, Islamism, Israel, Israeli–Palestinian conflict, Italic type, ITunes, ITV Granada, Jack Butler Yeats, Jack Schofield (journalist), Jackie Ashley, James Agate, James Cameron (journalist), James H. Reeve, James Meek (author), James Naughtie, Jamie Lenman, Janine Gibson, Jean Stead, Jeremiah Garnett, Jeremy Corbyn, Jeremy Hardy, Jeremy Heywood, Jess Cartner-Morley, Jill Tweedie, Jim Perrin, Joe Berger (illustrator), John A. Hobson, John Arlott, John Cole (journalist), John Crace (writer), John Edward Taylor, John Galbraith Graham, John Kent (cartoonist), John Maddox, John Millington Synge, John O'Farrell (author), John Pilger, John Sutherland (author), John Widgery, Baron Widgery, Johnjoe McFadden, Jon Ronson, Jonathan Freedland, Jonathan Steele, Jonathan Watts, Joris Luyendijk, Joshua Treviño, Julian Assange, Julie Burchill, Katharine Viner, Katine, Keith Devlin, KGB, Kings Place, Kira Cochrane, Kosovo War, Labour Party (UK), Labour Party (UK) leadership election, 2015, Larry Elliott, Laura Barton, Le Monde, Left-wing politics, Leonard Barden, Leonard Hobhouse, Les Gibbard, Liberal Democrats (UK), Liberal Party (UK), Libertarianism, LibraryThing, List of newspapers in the United Kingdom by circulation, Listings magazine, Little Circle, Liz Forgan, Lloyd Bradley, London, Lonrho, Madeleine Bunting, Maev Kennedy, Maggie O'Kane, Mail & Guardian, MailOnline, Malcolm Gluck, Malcolm Muggeridge, Manchester, Manchester Evening News, Manchester Observer, Marcel Berlins, Marina Hyde, Marina O'Loughlin, Mark Arnold-Forster, Mark Boyle (Moneyless Man), Mark Cocker, Mark Lawson, Mark Porter (designer), Mark Steel, Martha Gellhorn Prize for Journalism, Martin Kelner, Martin Kettle, Martin Rowson, Mary Kaldor, Mary Stott, Masthead (publishing), Matthew Engel, Matthew Fort, Maureen Lipman, Max Hastings, Melanie Phillips, Michael Billington (critic), Michael Frayn, Michael Gove, Michael Parkinson, Michael Simkins, Michael Tomasky, Michael White (journalist), Michael Wolff (journalist), Mike Selvey, Modern Toss, Mohamed Al-Fayed, Morning Star (British newspaper), Moxie Marlinspike, Murder of Milly Dowler, Myanmar, Nancy Banks-Smith, Naomi Wolf, National Health Service, National Security Agency, NATO, Neil McIntosh (journalist), Neville Cardus, New York (magazine), News Chronicle, News International phone hacking scandal, News of the World, Newsnight, Newspaper, Nick Davies, Nonconformist, Norman Shrapnel, Northern Ireland, Notes & Queries, NPR, Offshore bank, Oleg Gordievsky, Oman, Online newspaper, Outsourcing, Owen Jones (writer), Pamela Stephenson, Panama Papers, Parasitism, Patrick Wintour, Paul Barnes (designer), Paul Farrelly, Paul Foot, Paul Foot Award, Paul Lewis (journalist), Paywall, Penny, Perjury, Perverting the course of justice, Peter Clarke (cartoonist), Peter Preston, Peterloo Massacre, Podcast, Political correctness, Polly Toynbee, Posy Simmonds, Price war, PRISM (surveillance program), Private Eye, Project Syndicate, Prostitution, Provisional Irish Republican Army, Public sector, Pulitzer Prize for Public Service, R. 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Tawney, Rainforest, Reach plc, Republican Party (United States), Richard Gott, Richard Norton-Taylor, Ricky Gervais, Robert McCrum, Robert Mugabe, Robin Denselow, Rod Liddle, Rory Carroll, Ros Coward, Roy Greenslade, Roy Hattersley, Rupert Murdoch, Russell Brand, Rzeczpospolita (newspaper), Saeed Kamali Dehghan, Salam Pax, Sali Hughes, Sarah Tisdall, Scoop (news), Scott Trust Limited, Sean Smith (photojournalist), Second Boer War, Seeb, Seumas Milne, Sidney Blumenthal, Simon Callow, Simon Hoggart, Simon Jenkins, Simon Tisdall, Slab serif, Slavoj Žižek, Sniper, Social Democratic Party (UK), Social liberalism, Society for News Design, Spanish Civil War, Stamp duty, Stanley Johnson (writer), Steve Bell (cartoonist), Stewart Holden, Student publication, Sue Limb, Suez Crisis, Suffragette, Sunday Mirror, Susie Orbach, Suzanne Moore, Swing state, Tabloid (newspaper format), Tactical voting, Tanya Gold, Tariq Ali, Tax avoidance, TechCrunch, Ted Wragg, Tel Aviv, Terry Eagleton, Terry Jones, Thailand, Thalidomide, The American Prospect, The Daily Telegraph, The Economist, The Guardian 100 Best Footballers In The World, The Guardian Weekly, The Guardian's 100 Best Novels Written in English, The Independent, The Intercept, The New York Review of Books, The New York Times, The Observer, The Press Awards, The Register, The Sunday People, The Sunday Times, The Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, TheGuardian.com, Thom Brooks, Thomasina Miers, Tim Atkin, Tim Dowling, Tim Hayward, Tim Radford, Timothy Garton Ash, Tom Hodgkinson, Tony Blair, Tony Zappone, Trafigura, Treason Felony Act 1848, Typographical error, United Kingdom, United Kingdom general election, 2010, United Kingdom general election, 2015, United States presidential election, 2004, University of Manchester, University of Manchester Library, University of Maryland, College Park, Variety (magazine), Verizon Communications, Victor Gollancz, Victor Keegan, Victor Zorza, Waldemar Januszczak, Watergate scandal, Webby Award, WhatsApp, Whigs (British political party), Whistleblower, WikiLeaks, Will Hodgkinson, Will Hutton, William Ewart Gladstone, William Percival Crozier, Women's suffrage, World in Action, World War II, Xinran, Yorkshire, Yotam Ottolenghi, Yvette Cooper, ZANU–PF, Zoe Williams, 1843 (magazine), 2003 invasion of Iraq, 2006 Ivory Coast toxic waste dump, 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict, 7 July 2005 London bombings. 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Anthony Clifford Grayling (born 3 April 1949), usually known as A. C. Grayling, is a British philosopher and author.
Arthur Harry Griffin (15 January 1911 – 9 July 2004), usually known in print as A. Harry Griffin, was a British journalist and mountaineer.
Alan John Percivale Taylor (25 March 1906 – 7 September 1990) was an English historian who specialised in 19th- and 20th-century European diplomacy.
Alfred Powell Wadsworth (1890/91 - 5 November 1956) was a British journalist, author, and editor of The Guardian from 1944 until his death in 1956.
Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
The Act of Settlement is an Act of the Parliament of England that was passed in 1701 to settle the succession to the English and Irish crowns on Protestants only.
Adam Eliot Geoffrey Raphael (born 22 April 1938) is an award-winning English journalist and author.
An advice column is a column traditionally presented in a magazine or newspaper, though it can also be delivered through other news media, such as the internet and broadcast news media.
Alan Charles Rusbridger (born 29 December 1953) is a British journalist, Principal of Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford and the former editor-in-chief of The Guardian.
Hector Alastair Hetherington (31 October 1919 – 3 October 1999) was a British journalist, newspaper editor and academic.
Aleksandra Krystyna Theresa "Aleks" Krotoski (born 22 October 1974) is a Polish-American broadcaster, journalist and social psychologist, resident of the United Kingdom who writes about technology and interactivity.
Alex Brummer (born 25 May 1949) is an English economics commentator, working as a journalist, editor, and author.
Alexander Paul Kapranos Huntley (born 20 March 1972) is a Scottish, musician, singer, songwriter, record producer, and author.
Alexander Surtees Chancellor, CBE (4 January 1940 – 28 January 2017) was a British journalist.
Alistair Cooke (20 November 1908 – 30 March 2004) was a British-American journalist, television personality and broadcaster.
Allegra Stratton (born 25 November 1980) is a British journalist and writer.
Alys Fowler is a British horticulturist and journalist.
Amelia Sophie Gentleman (born 1972) is a British journalist.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
Ana Marie Cox (born September 23, 1972) is an American author, blogger, political columnist, and critic.
An anagram is a word or phrase formed by rearranging the letters of a different word or phrase, typically using all the original letters exactly once.
Andrew Nicholas James Rawnsley (born 5 January 1962, in Leeds) is a British political journalist and broadcaster.
Aneurin Bevan (15 November 1897 – 6 July 1960), often known as Nye Bevan, was a Welsh Labour Party politician who was the Minister for Health in the post-war Attlee ministry from 1945-51.
Ann Noreen Widdecombe, (born 4 October 1947) is a British former politician.
Anna Minton is a British writer, journalist, and academic.
Anna Stepanovna Politkovskaya (p; Га́нна Степа́нівна Політко́вська; née Mazepa; 30 August 1958 – 7 October 2006) was a Russian journalist, writer, and human rights activist who reported on political events in Russia, in particular, the Second Chechen War (1999–2005).
Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews.
Armando Giovanni Iannucci, (born 28 November 1963) is a Scottish satirist, writer, director, and radio producer.
Arnold Toynbee (23 August 18529 March 1883) was a British economic historian also noted for his social commitment and desire to improve the living conditions of the working classes.
ARTE (Association relative à la télévision européenne) is a public Franco-German TV network that promotes programming in the areas of culture and the arts.
Arthur Koestler, (Kösztler Artúr; 5 September 1905 – 1 March 1983) was a Hungarian-British author and journalist.
Arthur Michell Ransome (18 January 1884 – 3 June 1967) was an English author and journalist.
An audit is a systematic and independent examination of books, accounts, statutory records, documents and vouchers of an organization to ascertain how far the financial statements as well as non-financial disclosures present a true and fair view of the concern.
The Balfour Declaration was a public statement issued by the British government during World War I announcing support for the establishment of a "national home for the Jewish people" in Palestine, then an Ottoman region with a minority Jewish population (around 3–5% of the total).
Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2017.
Barclays plc is a British multinational investment bank and financial services company headquartered in London.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC Two is the second flagship television channel of the British Broadcasting Corporation in the United Kingdom, Isle of Man and Channel Islands.
Ben Michael Goldacre (born 20 May 1974) is a British physician, academic and science writer.
Ben Hammersley FRSA FRGS (born 3 April 1976 in Leicester, England) is a British internet technologist, journalist, author and broadcaster based in London, England.
Guy Berkeley "Berke" Breathed (born June 21, 1957) is an American cartoonist, children's book author/illustrator, director and screenwriter, best known for Bloom County, a 1980s cartoon-comic strip and more recent Internet cartoons that reflect sociopolitical issues as understood by fanciful characters (e.g., Bill the Cat and Opus the Penguin) and through humorous analogies.
Berliner, or "midi", is a newspaper format with pages normally measuring about.
Josephine Bernadette McAliskey (née Devlin; born 23 April 1947), usually known as Bernadette Devlin or Bernadette McAliskey, is an Irish civil rights leader and former politician.
Mary Beth Patterson, (born February 19, 1981), known by her stage name Beth Ditto, is an American singer-songwriter, most notable for her work with the indie rock band Gossip and whose voice has been compared to Etta James, Janis Joplin and Tina Turner.
The Bevins Prize is a British award recognising outstanding investigative journalism.
Bibi van der Zee (born 1970s, London) is a political activist and journalist.
Biff is a British cartoon strip, created by Chris Garratt and Mick Kidd, which debuted in 1982 and has appeared in the newspaper The Guardian from 1985 onwards (Biff Weekend ran there weekly for 20 years).
The Bill of Rights, also known as the English Bill of Rights, is an Act of the Parliament of England that deals with constitutional matters and sets out certain basic civil rights.
Bloody Sunday – sometimes called the Bogside Massacre – was an incident on 30 January 1972 in the Bogside area of Derry, Northern Ireland, when British soldiers shot 28 unarmed civilians during a peaceful protest march against internment.
The Bloody Sunday Inquiry, also known as the Saville Inquiry or the Saville Report after its chairman, Lord Saville of Newdigate, was established in 1998 by British Prime Minister Tony Blair after campaigns for a second inquiry by families of those killed and injured in Derry on Bloody Sunday during the peak of ethno-political violence known as The Troubles.
Boutros Boutros-Ghali (بطرس بطرس غالي,; 14 November 1922 – 16 February 2016) was an Egyptian politician and diplomat who was the sixth Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN) from January 1992 to December 1996.
Brian Wilson Aldiss, OBE (18 August 1925 – 19 August 2017) was an English writer and anthologies editor, best known for science fiction novels and short stories.
Brian J. Ford FLS HonFRMS (born 1939 in Corsham, Wiltshire) is an independent research biologist, author, and lecturer, who publishes on scientific issues for the general public.
Brian Leonard Redhead (28 December 1929 – 23 January 1994) was a British author, journalist and broadcaster.
Brian Whitaker has been a journalist for the British newspaper The Guardian since 1987 and was its Middle East editor from 2000 to 2007.
The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.
A broadsheet is the largest newspaper format and is characterized by long vertical pages (typically). Other common newspaper formats include the smaller Berliner and tabloid/compact formats.
BT Group plc (trading as BT and formerly British Telecom) is a British multinational telecommunications holding company with head offices in London, United Kingdom.
Cyril Lionel Robert James (4 January 1901 – 31 May 1989), who sometimes wrote under the pen-name J. R. Johnson, was an Afro-Trinidadian historian, journalist and socialist.
Charles Prestwich Scott (26 October 1846 – 1 January 1932), usually cited as C. P. Scott, was a British journalist, publisher and politician.
Cable & Wireless plc was a British telecommunications company.
Carter-Ruck is a British law firm founded by Peter Carter-Ruck.
Catherine Dorothea Bennett (born 1956 Daily Mail, 23 September 2010) is a British journalist.
Centre-left politics or center-left politics (American English), also referred to as moderate-left politics, is an adherence to views leaning to the left-wing, but closer to the centre on the left–right political spectrum than other left-wing variants.
Chaim Azriel Weizmann (חיים עזריאל ויצמן, Хаим Вейцман Khaim Veytsman; 27 November 1874 – 9 November 1952) was a Zionist leader and Israeli statesman who served as President of the Zionist Organization and later as the first President of Israel.
Channel 4 is a British public-service television broadcaster that began transmission on 2 November 1982.
Charles Edward Montague, (1 January 1867 – 28 May 1928), was an English journalist, known also as a writer of novels and essays.
Charlton “Charlie” Brooker (born 3 March 1971) is an English humourist, critic, author, screenwriter, producer, and presenter.
Chris McGreal is a reporter for The Guardian and the newspaper's Washington correspondent.
Christopher Mark Sievey (25 August 1955 – 21 June 2010) was an English musician and comedian known for fronting the band The Freshies in the late 1970s and early 1980s and for his comic persona Frank Sidebottom from 1984 onwards.
Christian Schwartz (born December 30, 1977 in Concord, New Hampshire, United States) is an American type designer.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Clare Hollingworth, OBE (10 October 1911 – 10 January 2017) was an English journalist and author.
Clare in the Community is a British comic strip in The Guardian newspaper, written by Harry Venning.
Clark County is a county in the U.S. state of Ohio.
A class action, class suit, or representative action is a type of lawsuit where one of the parties is a group of people who are represented collectively by a member of that group.
Classical liberalism is a political ideology and a branch of liberalism which advocates civil liberties under the rule of law with an emphasis on economic freedom.
Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, (3 January 1883 – 8 October 1967) was a British statesman of the Labour Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1935 to 1955.
Clifford Harper (born 13 July 1949 in Chiswick, West London) is a worker, illustrator, and militant anarchist.
Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.
The Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) was a British communist party which was the largest communist party in Great Britain, although it never became a mass party like those in France and Italy.
Craig Edward Moncrieff Brown (born 23 May 1957) is an English critic and satirist, best known for his parodies in Private Eye.
Criticism of the Israeli government, often referred to simply as criticism of Israel, is an ongoing subject of journalistic and scholarly commentary and research within the scope of International relations theory, expressed in terms of political science.
A cruise missile is a guided missile used against terrestrial targets that remains in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed.
The Daily Express is a daily national middle market tabloid newspaper in the United Kingdom.
The Daily Herald was a British daily newspaper, published in London from 1912 to 1964 (although it was weekly during the First World War).
The Daily Mirror is a British national daily tabloid newspaper founded in 1903.
Dan McDougall is an international journalist.
David Morris Aaronovitch (born 8 July 1954) is an English journalist, television presenter and author.
David Austin (March 29, 1935 – November 19, 2005Nicola Jennings and Patrick Barkham, The Guardian, 21 November 2005) was a British cartoonist.
David William Donald Cameron (born 9 October 1966) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2010 to 2016 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 2005 to 2016.
David Hencke is a British investigative journalist and writer, named 'Political Journalist of the Year' at the British Journalism Awards 2012.
David Leigh (born 1946) is a British journalist and author who was the investigations executive editor of The Guardian.
David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party and the final Liberal to serve as Prime Minister.
Sir David Alexander Cecil Low (7 April 1891 – 19 September 1963) was a New Zealand political cartoonist and caricaturist who lived and worked in the United Kingdom for many years.
David McKie (born 1935) is a British journalist and historian.
David Pallister is a British investigative journalist.
David Martin Scott Steel, Baron Steel of Aikwood, (born 31 March 1938) is a British Liberal Democrat politician who served as the Leader of the Liberal Party from 1976 until its merger with the Social Democratic Party in 1988 to form the Liberal Democrats.
Dawn Foster is a British journalist, broadcaster and author.
Jessica Aitkenhead (born 1971), known as Decca Aitkenhead, is an English journalist, writer and broadcaster.
Defamation, calumny, vilification, or traducement is the communication of a false statement that, depending on the law of the country, harms the reputation of an individual, business, product, group, government, religion, or nation.
Derek Elliston Michael Malcolm (born 12 May 1932 in Marylebone, London) is an English film critic and historian.
Die Tageszeitung (“The Daily Newspaper”), stylized as die tageszeitung and commonly referred to as taz, is a cooperative-owned German daily newspaper administrated by its employees.
Dilpazier Aslam (born 1978 in Yorkshire) is a former trainee journalist with The Guardian.
Direct action occurs when a group takes an action which is intended to reveal an existing problem, highlight an alternative, or demonstrate a possible solution to a social issue.
Doonesbury is a comic strip by American cartoonist Garry Trudeau that chronicles the adventures and lives of an array of characters of various ages, professions, and backgrounds, from the President of the United States to the title character, Michael Doonesbury, who has progressed from a college student to a youthful senior citizen over the decades.
Duncan Campbell (born 1944), The Guardian accessed 20 May 2012.
Eamonn McCabe (born 1948) is a British professional photographer who began his career as a sports photographer, and who won four times the Sports Photographer of the Year between 1978-84.
Edward Sebastian Vulliamy (born 1 August 1954), is a British journalist and writer.
Editor & Publisher (E&P) is a monthly magazine covering the North American newspaper industry.
Editorial independence is the freedom of editors to make decisions without interference from the owners of a publication.
Edward Joseph Snowden (born June 21, 1983) is an American computer professional, former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) employee, and former contractor for the United States government who copied and leaked classified information from the National Security Agency (NSA) in 2013 without authorization.
Edward Taylor "Ted" Scott (15 November 1883 – 22 April 1932) was a British journalist, who was editor and briefly co-owner of the Manchester Guardian, and the younger son of its editor-owner C. P. Scott.
The Edwardian era or Edwardian period of British history covers the brief reign of King Edward VII, 1901 to 1910, and is sometimes extended in both directions to capture long-term trends from the 1890s to the First World War.
Edzard Ernst (born 30 January 1948) is an academic physician and researcher specializing in the study of complementary and alternative medicine.
Electoral reform is change in electoral systems to improve how public desires are expressed in election results.
Eliezer "Elie" Wiesel (’Ēlí‘ézer Vízēl; September 30, 1928 – July 2, 2016) was a Romanian-born American Jewish writer, professor, political activist, Nobel Laureate, and Holocaust survivor.
Emma Brockes (born 1975) is a British author and a contributor to The Guardian and The New York Times.
Emma Kennedy (born Elizabeth Emma Williams on 28 May 1967) is an English actress, writer and television presenter.
Erwin James Monahan (born 1957) is a convicted murderer and Guardian journalist.
Evelyn Flinders (21 March 1910 – November 1997) was a British comics artist who worked in girls' comics.
FindArticles was a website which provided access to articles previously published in over 3,000 magazines, journals, and other sources.
A first-past-the-post (FPTP) voting method is one in which voters indicate on a ballot the candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives the most votes wins.
Francisco Franco Bahamonde (4 December 1892 – 20 November 1975) was a Spanish general who ruled over Spain as a military dictator from 1939, after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War, until his death in 1975.
Francis Martin Patrick "Frankie" Boyle (born 16 August 1972) is a Scottish comedian and writer, well known for his pessimistic and often controversial sense of humour.
Frederick Augustus Voigt (1892–1957), British journalist and author of German descent, most famous for his work with the Manchester Guardian and his opposition to dictatorship and totalitarianism on the European Continent.
Friedrich Engels (. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.;, sometimes anglicised Frederick Engels; 28 November 1820 – 5 August 1895) was a German philosopher, social scientist, journalist and businessman.
The Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 Index, also called the FTSE 100 Index, FTSE 100, FTSE, or, informally, the "Footsie", is a share index of the 100 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange with the highest market capitalisation.
George Douglas Howard Cole (25 September 1889 – 14 January 1959) was an English political theorist, economist, writer and historian.
A gag order (also known as a gagging order or suppression order) is an order, typically a legal order by a court or government, restricting information or comment from being made public or passed onto any unauthorized third party.
Garamond is a group of many old-style serif typefaces, named for sixteenth-century Parisian engraver Claude Garamond (generally spelled as Garamont in his lifetime).
Gareth McLean (born c.1975) is a Scottish journalist and screenwriter who has written for The Guardian newspaper and on soap operas for the Radio Times magazine.
Garretson Beekman "Garry" Trudeau (born July 21, 1948) is an American cartoonist, best known for the Doonesbury comic strip.
Gary Andrew Younge (born January 1969) is a British journalist, author and broadcaster.
Gavyn Davies, OBE (born 27 November 1950) is a former Goldman Sachs partner and multi-millionaire who was the chairman of the BBC from 2001 until 2004.
George Joshua Richard Monbiot (born 27 January 1963) is a British writer known for his environmental, political activism.
Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950), better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic whose work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism and outspoken support of democratic socialism.
George Soros, Hon (Soros György,; born György Schwartz; August 12, 1930) is a Hungarian-American investor, business magnate, philanthropist, political activist and author.
George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
Georgina Clare Henry (8 June 1960 – 7 February 2014)Alan Rusbridger, The Guardian, 7 February 2014 was a British journalist.
Germaine Greer (born 29 January 1939) is an Australian writer and public intellectual, regarded as one of the major voices of the second-wave feminist movement in the latter half of the 20th century.
Ghaith Abdul-Ahad (Arabic: غيث عبدالأحد) (born 1975) is an Iraqi journalist who began working after the U.S. invasion and has written for The Guardian and The Washington Post and published photographs in The New York Times, The Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, The Guardian, The Times (London), and other media outlets.
Gillian Reynolds (née Morton; born 15 November 1935) is a British radio critic, journalist and broadcaster.
Gizmodo is a design, technology, science and science fiction website that also features articles on politics.
Glenn Edward Greenwald (born March 6, 1967) is an American lawyer, journalist, and author, best known for his role in a series of reports published by The Guardian newspaper beginning in June 2013, detailing the United States and British global surveillance programs, and based on classified documents disclosed by Edward Snowden.
The Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) is an intelligence and security organisation responsible for providing signals intelligence (SIGINT) and information assurance to the government and armed forces of the United Kingdom.
Grace Dent (born 3 October 1973) is an English columnist, broadcaster and author.
Gregory Allyn "Greg" Palast (born June 26, 1952) is an author and a freelance journalist who often worked for the BBC and The Guardian.
Guardian Australia is the Australian online presence of the global online publication and British newspaper, The Guardian.
The Guardian Children's Fiction Prize or Guardian Award is a literary award that annually recognises one fiction book written for children or young adults (at least age eight) and published in the United Kingdom.
Guardian Egyptian is a slab-serif typeface commissioned by Mark Porter for the UK newspaper The Guardian and designed by Paul Barnes and Christian Schwartz between 2004 and 2005.
The Guardian Fiction Prize was a literary award sponsored by The Guardian newspaper.
The Guardian First Book Award was a literary award presented by The Guardian newspaper.
Guardian Media Group plc (GMG) is a British mass media company owning various media operations including The Guardian and The Observer.
Guardian Monthly was a glossy magazine published by Guardian Media Group for readers around the world.
The Guardian Student Media Awards are an annual UK-wide student journalism competition run by The Guardian newspaper.
Guardian US is the New York City-based American online presence of the British print newspaper The Guardian.
Guinness World Records, known from its inception in 1955 until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records and in previous United States editions as The Guinness Book of World Records, is a reference book published annually, listing world records both of human achievements and the extremes of the natural world.
The Gulf War (2 August 199028 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 199017 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 199128 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
Guy Browning (born 1964 in Chipping Norton) is a humourist, after-dinner speaker and film director.
Hadley Clare Freeman (born 15 May 1978) is an American British journalist based in London.
Samuel Hutt, known by the stage name Hank Wangford (born 15 November 1940), is an English country and western songwriter.
Sir Harold Matthew Evans (born 28 June 1928) is a British-American journalist and writer who was editor of The Sunday Times from 1967 to 1981.
Harriet Baber (born January 6, 1950) is a professor of Philosophy at the University of San Diego.
Harrods is a luxury department store located on Brompton Road in Knightsbridge, London.
The Hay Festival of Literature & Arts is an annual literature festival held in Hay-on-Wye, Powys, Wales, for ten days from May to June.
Hay-on-Wye (Y Gelli Gandryll or just Y Gelli), often abbreviated to just "Hay", is a small market town and community in the historic county of Brecknockshire in Wales, currently administered as part of the unitary authority of Powys.
Haymarket Media Group is a privately held media company headquartered in London.
The Ritz Paris is a hotel in central Paris, in the 1st arrondissement.
Helen Pidd (born 1981) is a news writer for The Guardian who succeeded Martin Wainwright as the paper’s Northern Editor, based in Manchester, in Spring 2013.
Helvetica or Neue Haas Grotesk is a widely used sans-serif typeface developed in 1957 by Swiss typeface designer Max Miedinger with input from Eduard Hoffmann.
Heston Marc Blumenthal, OBE (born 27 May 1966) is a British celebrity chef.
Hizb ut-Tahrir (حزب التحرير Ḥizb at-Taḥrīr; Party of Liberation) is an international, pan-Islamist political organization, which describes its ideology as Islam, and its aim as the re-establishment of the Islamic Khilafah (Caliphate) or Islamic state to resume the Islamic way of life.
The Home Office (HO) is a ministerial department of Her Majesty's Government of the United Kingdom, responsible for immigration, security and law and order.
In printing and typography, hot metal typesetting (also called mechanical typesetting, hot lead typesetting, hot metal, and hot type) is a technology for typesetting text in letterpress printing.
Howard Spring (10 February 1889 – 3 May 1965) was a Welsh author and journalist who wrote in English.
Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías (28 July 1954 – 5 March 2013) was a Venezuelan politician who was President of Venezuela from 1999 to 2013.
Hugo John Smelter Young (13 October 1938 – 22 September 2003) was a British journalist and columnist and senior political commentator at The Guardian.
Human shield is a military and political term describing the deliberate placement of non-combatants in or around combat targets to deter the enemy from attacking these combat targets.
Ian Levack Aitken (19 September 1927 – 21 February 2018) was a British journalist and political commentator.
Ian Cobain (born 1960) is a British journalist, best known for his investigation into torture perpetrated by agents of the United Kingdom government, and for his reporting on the culture of secrecy surrounding the British state, past and present.
Ian Alexander Katz (born 9 February 1968) is a British journalist and broadcasting executive who became Director of Programmes at Channel 4 in January 2018.
idio Ltd. is an enterprise software company that produces and implements products for brands and publishers, using its cloud-hosted platform, which incorporates modules for large-scale content aggregation and structuring, content analytics (most fundamentally, semantic extraction), multi-channel marketing automation, and customer insight generation.
If... is an ongoing political comic strip which appears in the UK newspaper The Guardian, written and drawn by Steve Bell since its creation in 1981.
Inayat Bunglawala was media secretary of the Muslim Council of Britain until 2010.
International Socialism is a British-based quarterly journal established in 1960 and published in London by the Socialist Workers Party which discusses socialist theory.
Internment is the imprisonment of people, commonly in large groups, without charges or intent to file charges, and thus no trial.
Ipsos MORI is a market research organisation in the United Kingdom.
Isabel Nancy Hilton OBE (born 25 November 1949 in Aberdeen) is a Scottish journalist and broadcaster based in London.
Islamism is a concept whose meaning has been debated in both public and academic contexts.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
The Israeli–Palestinian conflict (Ha'Sikhsukh Ha'Yisraeli-Falestini; al-Niza'a al-Filastini-al-Israili) is the ongoing struggle between Israelis and Palestinians that began in the mid-20th century.
In typography, italic type is a cursive font based on a stylized form of calligraphic handwriting.
iTunes is a media player, media library, Internet radio broadcaster, and mobile device management application developed by Apple Inc. It was announced on January 9, 2001.
ITV Granada (formerly Granada Television; informally Granada) is the Channel 3 regional service for North West England and the Isle of Man.
John Butler Yeats (29 August 1871 – 28 March 1957) was an Irish artist and Olympic medalist.
Jack Schofield is a British technology journalist.
Jacqueline Ashley (born 10 September 1954) is an English journalist and broadcaster.
James Evershed Agate (9 September 1877 – 6 June 1947) was an English diarist and an influential theatre critic between the two world wars.
Mark James Walter Cameron CBE (17 June 1911 – 26 January 1985) was a prominent British journalist, in whose memory the annual James Cameron Memorial Lecture is given.
James Hengist Reeve, born 25 June 1950, is a cult English broadcaster, journalist, raconteur and radio phone-in host based in the Manchester area.
James Meek (born 1962) is a British novelist and journalist, author of The People's Act of Love.
Alexander James "Jim" Naughtie FRSE (surname pronounced; born 9 August 1951) is a British radio and news presenter for the BBC.
Jamie Edward Lenman (born 9 November 1982) is an English musician and illustrator.
Janine Victoria Gibson (born 17 June 1972), Debrett's is a British journalist who is editor-in-chief of the BuzzFeed UK website.
Jean Laura Stead (30 May 1926 – 2 December 2016) was an English reporter, national news editor for The Guardian, and labour historian.
Jeremiah Garnett (1991–1997) was an English journalist, active in the politics of London and the founding of The Guardian alongside his nephew Anthony Garnett.
Jeremy Bernard Corbyn (born 26 May 1949).
Jeremy James Hardy (born 17 July 1961) is an English comedian.
Sir Jeremy John Heywood (born 31 December 1961) is a senior British civil servant who has been the Cabinet Secretary since 1 January 2012, and Head of the Home Civil Service since September 2014.
Jess Cartner-Morley is a British journalist.
Jill Sheila Tweedie (22 May 1936 – 12 November 1993) was an influential British feminist, writer and broadcaster.
Jim Perrin (born 30 March 1947) is an English rock climber and travel writer.
Joe Berger is an illustrator and cartoonist from Bristol.
John Atkinson Hobson (commonly known as John A. Hobson or J. A. Hobson; 6 July 1858 – 1 April 1940), was an English economist, social scientist and critic of imperialism, widely popular as a lecturer and writer.
Leslie Thomas John Arlott, OBE (25 February 1914 – 14 December 1991) was an English journalist, author and cricket commentator for the BBC's Test Match Special.
John Morrison Cole (23 November 1927 – 7 November 2013) was a journalist and broadcaster from Belfast, Northern Ireland, best known for his work with the BBC.
John Crace is a British journalist and critic.
John Edward Taylor (11 September 1791 – 6 January 1844) was an English business tycoon, editor and publisher, who was the founder of the Manchester Guardian newspaper in 1821, which was renamed in 1959 The Guardian.
The Reverend John Galbraith Graham MBE (16 February 1921 – 26 November 2013) was a British crossword compiler, best known as Araucaria of The Guardian.
John Kent (21 June 1937 – 14 April 2003) was a New Zealand cartoonist who is best known as the author of the Varoomshka comic strip in the English newspaper The Guardian during the 1970s.
Sir John Royden Maddox, FRS (27 November 1925 – 12 April 2009) was a British biologist and science writer.
Edmund John Millington Synge (16 April 1871 – 24 March 1909) was an Irish playwright, poet, prose writer, travel writer and collector of folklore.
John O'Farrell (born 27 March 1962) is a British author and comedy scriptwriter.
John Richard Pilger (born 9 October 1939) is an Australian journalist and BAFTA award-winning documentary film maker.
John Andrew Sutherland (born 9 October 1938) is a British academic, newspaper columnist and author.
John Passmore Widgery, Baron Widgery, (24 July 1911 – 26 July 1981) was an English judge who served as Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales from 1971 to 1980.
Johnjoe McFadden (born 17 May 1956) is an Anglo-Irish scientist, academic and writer.
Jon Ronson (born 10 May 1967) is a Welsh journalist, author, documentary filmmaker, screenwriter, and radio presenter whose works include the best-selling The Men Who Stare at Goats (2004) and The Psychopath Test (2011).
Jonathan Saul Freedland (born 25 February 1967) is a British journalist, who writes a weekly column for The Guardian.
Jonathan Steele (born 15 February 1941) is a British journalist and the author of several books on international affairs.
Jonathan Watts is an award-winning journalist and the author of When a Billion Chinese Jump: How China Will Save the World - or Destroy It.
Joris Luyendijk (born 30 December 1971) is a Dutch non-fiction author, news correspondent, and talk show host.
Joshua Treviño is an American political commentator, formerly a consultant and United States Army officer.
Julian Paul Assange (born Hawkins; 3 July 1971) is an Australian computer programmer and the editor of WikiLeaks.
Julie Burchill (born 3 July 1959) is an English journalist, writer and broadcaster.
Katharine Sophie Viner (born January 1971)Katharine Viner, The Guardian, 27 November 2004 is a British journalist and playwright.
Katine is a sub-county in the Soroti District of Uganda.
Keith J. Devlin (born 16 March 1947) is a British mathematician and popular science writer.
The KGB, an initialism for Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti (p), translated in English as Committee for State Security, was the main security agency for the Soviet Union from 1954 until its break-up in 1991.
Kings Place is a building in London’s Kings Cross area, providing music and visual arts venues combined with seven floors of office space.
Kira Cochrane (born 1977) is a British journalist and novelist.
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.
The 2015 Labour Party leadership election was won by Jeremy Corbyn with a landslide victory.
Larry Elliott is an English journalist and author who focuses on economic issues.
Laura Barton (born 1977) is an English journalist and writer.
Le Monde (The World) is a French daily afternoon newspaper founded by Hubert Beuve-Méry at the request of Charles de Gaulle (as Chairman of the Provisional Government of the French Republic) on 19 December 1944, shortly after the Liberation of Paris, and published continuously since its first edition.
Left-wing politics supports social equality and egalitarianism, often in opposition to social hierarchy.
Leonard William Barden (born 20 August 1929, in Croydon, London) is an English chess master, writer, broadcaster, organizer and promoter.
Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse (8 September 1864 – 21 June 1929) was a British liberal political theorist and sociologist, who has been considered one of the leading and earliest proponents of social liberalism.
Les Gibbard (26 October 1945 – 10 October 2010) was a New Zealand born British political cartoonist, journalist, illustrator and animator.
The Liberal Democrats (often referred to as Lib Dems) are a liberal British political party, formed in 1988 as a merger of the Liberal Party and the Social Democratic Party (SDP), a splinter group from the Labour Party, which had formed the SDP–Liberal Alliance from 1981.
The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom – with the opposing Conservative Party – in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Libertarianism (from libertas, meaning "freedom") is a collection of political philosophies and movements that uphold liberty as a core principle.
LibraryThing is a social cataloging web application for storing and sharing book catalogs and various types of book metadata.
At the start of the 19th century, the highest-circulation newspaper in the United Kingdom was the Morning Post, which sold around 4,000 copies per day, twice the sales of its nearest rival.
A listings magazine is a magazine which is largely dedicated to information about the upcoming week's events such as broadcast programming, music, clubs, theatre and film information.
The Little Circle was a Manchester-based group of Non-conformist Liberals who held a common agenda with regards political and social reform.
Dame Elizabeth Anne Lucy Forgan, DBE (born 31 August 1944) is an English journalist, and radio and television executive.
Lloyd Bradley (born 21 January 1955) is a British music journalist and author.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Lonrho is a London-based conglomerate that is engaged in multiple business sectors in Africa mainly agribusiness, infrastructure, transport, hospitality and support services.
Madeleine Clare J. Bunting (born March 1964) is an English writer.
Maev Kennedy is a staff news writer for The Guardian and writes regularly for the Museums Journal.
Maggie O'Kane is an award-winning Irish journalist and documentary film maker.
The Mail & Guardian is a South African weekly newspaper, published by M&G Media in Johannesburg, South Africa.
MailOnline (also known as dailymail.co.uk) is the website of the Daily Mail, a newspaper in the United Kingdom, and of its sister paper The Mail on Sunday.
Malcolm Gluck is a British author, broadcaster and wine columnist.
Thomas Malcolm Muggeridge (24 March 1903 – 14 November 1990) was an English journalist and satirist.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
The Manchester Evening News (MEN) is a regional daily newspaper covering Greater Manchester in North West England.
The Manchester Observer was a short-lived non-conformist Liberal newspaper based in Manchester, England.
Marcel Berlins (born 30 Oct 1941) is a lawyer,, The Guardian legal commentator, broadcaster, and columnist.
Marina Hyde (born 13 May 1974 as Marina Elizabeth Catherine Dudley-Williams) is an English columnist who writes three columns each week on current affairs, politics, celebrity and sport for The Guardian newspaper.
Marina O'Loughlin is a British journalist, writer and restaurant critic.
Mark Arnold-Forster, DSO, DSC (16 April 1920 – 25 December 1981) was an English journalist and author.
Mark Boyle, a.k.a. The Moneyless Man (born 8 May 1979), is an Irish activist and writer best known for founding the online Freeconomy Community, and for living without money since November 2008.
Mark Cocker is a British author and naturalist.
Mark Gerard Lawson (born 11 April 1962) is an English journalist, broadcaster and author.
Mark Porter (born 15 March 1960, Aberdeen, Scotland) is a British publication designer and art director, and former creative director of The Guardian.
Mark Steel (born 4 July 1960) is an English comedian, broadcaster, newspaper columnist and author.
The Martha Gellhorn Prize for Journalism, named for the war correspondent, Martha Gellhorn, was established in 1999 by the Martha Gellhorn Trust.
Martin Barry Kelner (28 May 1949 in Prestwich, Lancashire) is a British journalist, author, comedian, singer, actor and radio presenter.
Martin James Kettle (born 7 September 1949) is a British journalist and author.
Martin Rowson (born 15 February 1959) is a British editorial cartoonist and writer.
Mary Henrietta Kaldor CBE (born 16 March 1946) is a British academic, currently Professor of Global Governance at the London School of Economics, where she is also the Director of the Civil Society and Human Security Research Unit.
Mary Stott (born Charlotte Mary Waddington) (18 July 1907 – 16 September 2002) was a British feminist and journalist.
In American usage, a publication's masthead is a printed list, published in a fixed position in each edition, of its owners, departments, officers and address details, which in British English usage is known as imprint.
Matthew Lewis Engel (born 11 June 1951 in Northampton) is a British writer, journalist and editor.
Matthew Fort (born 29 January 1947) is a British food writer and critic.
Maureen Diane Lipman, CBE (born 10 May 1946) is a British film, theatre and television actress, columnist and comedian.
Sir Max Hugh Macdonald Hastings (born 28 December 1945) is a British journalist, who has worked as a foreign correspondent for the BBC, editor-in-chief of The Daily Telegraph, and editor of the Evening Standard.
Melanie Phillips (born 4 June 1951) is a British journalist, author, and public commentator.
Michael Keith Billington OBE (born 16 November 1939) is a British author and arts critic.
Michael Frayn, FRSL (born 8 September 1933) is an English playwright and novelist.
Michael Andrew Gove (born 26 August 1967) is a British Conservative politician, who was Secretary of State for Education from 2010 to 2014 and Secretary of State for Justice from 2015 to 2016.
Sir Michael Parkinson (born 28 March 1935) is an English broadcaster, journalist and author.
Michael Simkins (born 4 February 1957) is an English actor.
Michael John Tomasky (born October 13, 1960) is an American columnist, commentator, journalist and author whose work inclines to the left.
Michael White (born 21 October 1945) is a British journalist who was until 2016 an associate editor of The Guardian.
Michael Wolff (born August 27, 1953) is an American author, essayist, journalist, and a columnist and contributor to USA Today, The Hollywood Reporter, and the UK edition of GQ.
Michael Walter William "Mike" Selvey, born 25 April 1948, Chiswick, Middlesex, England) is an English former Test and county cricketer, and now a cricket writer and commentator. Selvey played in three Tests for England in 1976 and 1977. His county cricket commitments included service to Surrey, Middlesex and Glamorgan.
Modern Toss is a British comic by Jon Link and Mick Bunnage.
Mohamed Al-Fayed (محمد أنور شاكر عبد السيد الفايد,; born 27 January 1929) is an Egyptian business magnate.
Morning Star is a left-wing British daily tabloid newspaper with a focus on social, political and trade union issues.
Matthew Rosenfield, known as Moxie Marlinspike, is an American computer security researcher, whose research focuses primarily on techniques for intercepting communication, as well as methods for strengthening communication infrastructure against interception.
On 21 March 2002, Amanda Jane "Milly" Dowler, a 13-year-old English schoolgirl, was reported missing by her parents after failing to return home from school and not being seen since walking along Station Avenue in Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, that afternoon.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
Nancy Banks-Smith (born 1929) is a British television and radio critic.
Naomi R. Wolf (born November 12, 1962) is a liberal progressive American author, journalist, feminist, and former political advisor to Al Gore and Bill Clinton.
The National Health Service (NHS) is the name used for each of the public health services in the United Kingdom – the National Health Service in England, NHS Scotland, NHS Wales, and Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland – as well as a term to describe them collectively.
The National Security Agency (NSA) is a national-level intelligence agency of the United States Department of Defense, under the authority of the Director of National Intelligence.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
Neil McIntosh (born 16 February 1974 in Glasgow, Scotland) "" is a British journalist who is the Managing Editor of BBC Online.
Sir John Frederick Neville Cardus, CBE (3 April 188828 February 1975) was an English writer and critic.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
New York is an American biweekly magazine concerned with life, culture, politics, and style generally, and with a particular emphasis on New York City.
The News Chronicle was a British daily newspaper.
The News International phone-hacking scandal is a controversy involving the now defunct News of the World and other British newspapers published by News International, a subsidiary of News Corporation.
The News of the World was a national red top newspaper published in the United Kingdom from 1843 to 2011.
Newsnight is a weekday BBC Television current affairs programme which specialises in analysis and often robust cross-examination of senior politicians.
A newspaper is a periodical publication containing written information about current events.
Nicholas Davies (born 28 March 1953) is a British investigative journalist, writer and documentary maker.
In English church history, a nonconformist was a Protestant who did not "conform" to the governance and usages of the established Church of England.
Norman Shrapnel (5 October 1912 – 1 February 2004) was an English journalist, author, and parliamentary correspondent.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
Notes & Queries is a weekly column in The Guardian newspaper which publishes readers' questions together with (often humorous) answers submitted by other readers.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
An offshore bank is a bank regulated under international banking license (often called offshore license), which usually prohibits the bank from establishing any business activities in the jurisdiction of establishment.
Oleg Antonovich Gordievsky, CMG (Оле́г Анто́нович Гордие́вский; born 10 October 1938) is a former colonel of the KGB and KGB resident-designate (rezident) and bureau chief in London, who was a secret agent of the British Secret Intelligence Service from 1974 to 1985.
Oman (عمان), officially the Sultanate of Oman (سلطنة عُمان), is an Arab country on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia.
An online newspaper is the online version of a newspaper, either as a stand-alone publication or as the online version of a printed periodical.
In business, outsourcing is an agreement in which one company contracts its own internal activity to a different company.
Owen Peter Jones (born 8 August 1984) is a British newspaper columnist, commentator and left-wing political activist.
Pamela Helen Stephenson, Lady Connolly (born 4 December 1949) is a New Zealand-born Australian.
The Panama Papers are 11.5 million leaked documents that detail financial and attorney–client information for more than 214,488 offshore entities.
In evolutionary biology, parasitism is a relationship between species, where one organism, the parasite, lives on or in another organism, the host, causing it some harm, and is adapted structurally to this way of life.
Patrick Wintour (born 1 November 1954) is a British journalist and the diplomatic editor of The Guardian.
Paul Barnes (born 1970, Harlow, England) is a graphic designer and typographer.
Christopher Paul Farrelly (born 2 March 1962) is a British Labour Party politician and journalist, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Newcastle-under-Lyme since 2001.
Paul Mackintosh Foot (8 November 1937 – 18 July 2004) was a British investigative journalist, political campaigner, author, and long-time member of the Socialist Workers Party (SWP).
The Paul Foot Award is an award given for investigative or campaigning journalism, set up by The Guardian and Private Eye in memory of the journalist Paul Foot, who died in 2004.
Paul Lewis is a British journalist at The Guardian best known for his award-winning investigation of the death of Ian Tomlinson at the 2009 G-20 summit protests in London.
A paywall is a method of restricting access to content via a paid subscription.
A penny is a coin (. pennies) or a unit of currency (pl. pence) in various countries.
Perjury is the intentional act of swearing a false oath or falsifying an affirmation to tell the truth, whether spoken or in writing, concerning matters a generation material to an official proceeding.
Perverting the course of justice is an offence committed when a person prevents justice from being served on him/herself or on another party.
Peter Clarke (18 September 1935 - 16 December 2012) was a British cartoonist.
Peter John Preston (23 May 1938 – 6 January 2018) was a British journalist and author.
The Peterloo Massacre occurred at St Peter's Field, Manchester, England, on 16 August 1819, when cavalry charged into a crowd of 60,000–80,000 who had gathered to demand the reform of parliamentary representation.
A podcast, or generically netcast, is an episodic series of digital audio or video files which a user can download and listen to.
The term political correctness (adjectivally: politically correct; commonly abbreviated to PC or P.C.) is used to describe language, policies, or measures that are intended to avoid offense or disadvantage to members of particular groups in society.
Mary Louisa "Polly" Toynbee (born 27 December 1946) is a British journalist and writer.
Rosemary Elizabeth "Posy" Simmonds MBE (born 9 August 1945) is a British newspaper cartoonist and writer and illustrator of children's books.
Price war is "commercial competition characterized by the repeated cutting of prices below those of competitors".
PRISM is a code name for a program under which the United States National Security Agency (NSA) collects internet communications from various U.S. internet companies.
Private Eye is a British fortnightly satirical and current affairs news magazine, founded in 1961.
Project Syndicate is an international media organization that publishes and syndicates commentary and analysis on a variety of important global topics.
Prostitution is the business or practice of engaging in sexual activity in exchange for payment.
The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA or Provisional IRA) was an Irish republican revolutionary organisation that sought to end British rule in Northern Ireland, facilitate the reunification of Ireland and bring about an independent socialist republic encompassing all of Ireland.
The public sector (also called the state sector) is the part of the economy composed of both public services and public enterprises.
The Pulitzer Prize for Public Service is one of the fourteen American Pulitzer Prizes annually awarded for journalism.
Richard Henry "R.
Rainforests are forests characterized by high rainfall, with annual rainfall in the case of tropical rainforests between, and definitions varying by region for temperate rainforests.
Reach plc (formerly known as Trinity Mirror between 1999 and 2018) is a British newspaper, magazine and digital publisher.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
Richard Willoughby Gott (born 28 October 1938, Aston Tirrold, England) is a British journalist and historian.
Richard Norton-Taylor (born 6 June 1944) is a British editor, journalist and playwright.
Ricky Dene Gervais (born 25 June 1961) is an English stand-up comedian, actor, writer, producer, director, and singer.
John Robert McCrum (born 7 July 1953), is an English writer and editor.
Robert Gabriel Mugabe (born 21 February 1924) is a former Zimbabwean politician and revolutionary who served as Prime Minister of Zimbabwe from 1980 to 1987 and then as President from 1987 to 2017.
Robin Denselow (born c. 1944) is a British writer, journalist and broadcaster.
Roderick E. Liddle (born 1 April 1960) is an English journalist and an associate editor of The Spectator.
Rory Carroll (born 1972) is an Irish journalist working for The Guardian who has reported from, among other locations, the Balkans, Afghanistan, Iraq and Latin America.
Rosalind Coward is a journalist and writer.
Roy Greenslade (born 31 December 1946) is Professor of Journalism at City University London and has been a media commentator since 1992, most especially for The Guardian.
Roy Sydney George Hattersley, Baron Hattersley, PC, FRSL (born 28 December 1932) is a British Labour politician, author and journalist from Sheffield.
Keith Rupert Murdoch, (born 11 March 1931) is an Australian-born American media mogul.
Russell Edward Brand (born 4 June 1975) is an English comedian, actor, radio host, author, and activist.
Rzeczpospolita is a nationwide daily economic and legal newspaper and the only conservative-liberal newspaper in Poland.
Saeed Kamali Dehghan (سعید کمالی دهقان born 1 May 1985 in Karaj, Iran), Global Radio News.
Salam Pax is the pseudonym of Salam Abdulmunem (سلام عبد المنعم), aka Salam al-Janabi (سلام الجنابي), under which he became the "most famous blogger in the world" during and after the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
Sali Hughes (born 1975) is a Welsh journalist, writer and broadcaster.
Sarah Caroline Tisdall (born 1960 in Plymouth) is a former Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) clerical officer who was jailed for leaking British government documents to a newspaper in 1983.
In journalism, a scoop or exclusive is an item of news reported by one journalist or news organization before others, and of exceptional originality, importance, surprise, excitement, or secrecy.
The Scott Trust Limited is the British company that owns Guardian Media Group and thus the Guardian and the Observer as well as various other media businesses in the UK.
Sean Smith is a British photographer and filmmaker.
The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa.
Al-Seeb, As Seeb or As Sib (السيب) is a coastal fishing city, located several kilometres northwest of Muscat, in northeastern Oman.
Seumas Milne (born 1958) is a British journalist and political aide.
Sidney Stone Blumenthal (born November 6, 1948) is an American journalist, activist, writer, and political aide.
Simon Phillip Hugh Callow, CBE (born 15 June 1949) is an English actor, musician, writer, and theatre director.
Simon David Hoggart (26 May 1946 – 5 January 2014) was an English journalist and broadcaster.
Sir Simon David Jenkins (born 10 June 1943) is a British author and newspaper columnist and editor.
Simon Tisdall (born 1953) is a columnist for The Guardian newspaper and an assistant editor of the publication.
In typography, a slab serif (also called mechanistic, square serif, antique or Egyptian) typeface is a type of serif typeface characterized by thick, block-like serifs.
Slavoj Žižek (born 21 March 1949) is a Slovenian continental philosopher.
A sniper is a military/paramilitary marksman who operates to maintain effective visual contact with the enemy and engage targets from concealed positions or at distances exceeding their detection capabilities.
The Social Democratic Party (SDP) was a centrist political party in the United Kingdom.
Social liberalism (also known as modern liberalism or egalitarian liberalism) is a political ideology and a variety of liberalism that endorses a market economy and the expansion of civil and political rights while also believing that the legitimate role of the government includes addressing economic and social issues such as poverty, health care and education.
The Society for News Design (SND) is an international organization for professionals working in the news sector of the media industry, specifically those involved with graphic design, illustration, web design and infographics.
The Spanish Civil War (Guerra Civil Española),Also known as The Crusade (La Cruzada) among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War (Cuarta Guerra Carlista) among Carlists, and The Rebellion (La Rebelión) or Uprising (Sublevación) among Republicans.
Stamp duty is a tax that is levied on documents.
Stanley Patrick Johnson (born 18 August 1940) is a British politician and author, and an expert on environmental and population issues.
Steven Bell (born 26 February 1951) is an English political cartoonist, whose work appears in The Guardian and other publications.
Stewart Holden (born 5 September 1979) is a competitive Scrabble player from the United Kingdom.
A student publication is a media outlet such as a newspaper, magazine, television show, or radio station produced by students at an educational institution.
Sue Limb (born 1946, Hitchin, Hertfordshire) is a British writer and broadcaster.
The Suez Crisis, or the Second Arab–Israeli War, also named the Tripartite Aggression (in the Arab world) and Operation Kadesh or Sinai War (in Israel),Also named: Suez Canal Crisis, Suez War, Suez–Sinai war, Suez Campaign, Sinai Campaign, Operation Musketeer (أزمة السويس /‎ العدوان الثلاثي, "Suez Crisis"/ "the Tripartite Aggression"; Crise du canal de Suez; מבצע קדש "Operation Kadesh", or מלחמת סיני, "Sinai War") was an invasion of Egypt in late 1956 by Israel, followed by the United Kingdom and France.
Suffragettes were members of women's organisations in the late-19th and early-20th centuries who, under the banner "Votes for Women", fought for women's suffrage, the right to vote in public elections.
The Sunday Mirror is the Sunday sister paper of the Daily Mirror.
Susie Orbach (born 6 November 1946) is a British psychotherapist, psychoanalyst, writer and social critic.
Suzanne Lynn Moore (born 17 July 1958 in Ipswich, Suffolk) is an English journalist.
In American politics, the term swing state refers to any state that could reasonably be won by either the Democratic or Republican presidential candidate.
A tabloid is a newspaper with a compact page size smaller than broadsheet.
In voting methods, tactical voting (or strategic voting or sophisticated voting or insincere voting) occurs, in elections with more than two candidates, when a voter supports another candidate more strongly than their sincere preference in order to prevent an undesirable outcome.
Tanya Gold (born 31 December 1973 in Merton, Surrey) is an English journalist.
Tariq Ali (Punjabi, طارق علی; born 21 October 1943) is a British Pakistani writer, journalist, historian, filmmaker, political activist, and public intellectual.
Tax avoidance is the legal usage of the tax regime in a single territory to one's own advantage to reduce the amount of tax that is payable by means that are within the law.
TechCrunch is an American online publisher of technology industry news founded in 2005 by Archimedes Ventures whose partners were Michael Arrington and Keith Teare.
Professor Edward Conrad Wragg (26 June 1938 – 10 November 2005) known as Ted Wragg, was a British educationalist and academic known for his advocacy of the cause of education and opposition to political interference in the field.
Tel Aviv (תֵּל אָבִיב,, تل أَبيب) is the second most populous city in Israel – after Jerusalem – and the most populous city in the conurbation of Gush Dan, Israel's largest metropolitan area.
Terence Francis "Terry" Eagleton FBA (born 22 February 1943) is a British literary theorist, critic and public intellectual.
Terence Graham Parry Jones (born 1 February 1942) is a Welsh actor, writer, comedian, screenwriter and film director.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
Thalidomide, sold under the brand name Immunoprin, among others, is an immunomodulatory drug and the prototype of the thalidomide class of drugs.
The American Prospect is a daily online and quarterly print American political and public policy magazine dedicated to American liberalism and progressivism.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
"The Guardian 100 Best Footballers In The World" is a list of the greatest male footballers published annually by the British newspaper The Guardian.
The Guardian Weekly is an internationally focused English-language newspaper based in London, UK.
The Guardians 100 best novels is a list of the best English-language novels as selected by Robert McCrum for The Guardian.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Intercept is an online news publication dedicated to what it describes as "adversarial journalism".
The New York Review of Books (or NYREV or NYRB) is a semi-monthly magazine with articles on literature, culture, economics, science and current affairs.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Observer is a British newspaper published on Sundays.
The Press Awards, formerly the British Press Awards, is an annual ceremony that celebrates the best of British journalism.
The Register (nicknamed El Reg) is a British technology news and opinion website co-founded in 1994 by Mike Magee, John Lettice and Ross Alderson.
The Sunday People is a British tabloid Sunday newspaper, founded as The People on 16 October 1881.
The Sunday Times is the largest-selling British national newspaper in the "quality press" market category.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
TheGuardian.com, formerly known as Guardian.co.uk and Guardian Unlimited, is a British news and media website owned by the Guardian Media Group.
Thomas "Thom" Brooks, (born 14 October 1973) is an American-British political philosopher and legal scholar.
Thomasina Jean "Tommi" Miers (born February 1976) is an English cook, writer and television presenter.
Tim Atkin is a British Master of Wine, and an award-winning wine journalist, broadcaster and commentator.
Tim Dowling (born June 1963, Connecticut, USA) is an American journalist and author who writes a weekly column in The Guardian about his life with his family in London.
Tim Hayward (born 1963 in Bristol) is a British columnist and broadcaster.
Tim Radford (born 1940) is a British–New Zealand freelance journalist, born in New Zealand in 1940 and educated at Sacred Heart College, Auckland.
Timothy Garton Ash CMG FRSA (born 12 July 1955) is a British historian, author and commentator.
Tom Hodgkinson (born 1968) is a British writer, and the editor of The Idler, which he established in 1993 with his friend Gavin Pretor-Pinney.
Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born 6 May 1953) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1994 to 2007.
Tony Zappone (born Anthony N. Zappone on October 9, 1947, in Tampa, Florida), became at age 16 the youngest credentialed journalist to lend press coverage to a major national political convention.
Trafigura Pte Ltd is a Singaporean multinational commodity trading company founded in 1993 that trades in base metals and energy, including oil.
The Treason Felony Act 1848 (11 & 12 Vict. c. 12) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
A typographical error (often shortened to typo), also called misprint, is a mistake made in the typing process (such as a spelling mistake) of printed material.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The 2010 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday, 6 May 2010, with 45,597,461 registered voters entitled to vote to elect members to the House of Commons.
The 2015 United Kingdom general election was held on 7 May 2015 to elect 650 members to the House of Commons.
The United States presidential election of 2004, the 55th quadrennial presidential election, was held on Tuesday, November 2, 2004.
The University of Manchester is a public research university in Manchester, England, formed in 2004 by the merger of the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology and the Victoria University of Manchester.
The University of Manchester Library is The University of Manchester's library and information service.
The University of Maryland, College Park (commonly referred to as the University of Maryland, UMD, or simply Maryland) is a public research university located in the city of College Park in Prince George's County, Maryland, approximately from the northeast border of Washington, D.C. Founded in 1856, the university is the flagship institution of the University System of Maryland.
Variety is a weekly American entertainment trade magazine and website owned by Penske Media Corporation.
Verizon Communications Inc., or simply Verizon, is an American multinational telecommunications conglomerate and a corporate component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average.
Sir Victor Gollancz (9 April 1893 – 8 February 1967) was a British publisher and humanitarian.
Victor Keegan (born 1940) is a British journalist and author focusing on economics and technology issues.
Victor Zorza (born Israel Wermuth; 19 October 1925 – 20 March 1996) was a Polish born journalist who contributed to the West's understanding of the Soviet Union, and was later known for pioneering work promoting palliative care in Russia.
Waldemar Januszczak (born 12 January 1954) is a British art critic and television documentary producer and presenter.
The Watergate scandal was a major political scandal that occurred in the United States during the early 1970s, following a break-in by five men at the Democratic National Committee (DNC) headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. on June 17, 1972, and President Richard Nixon's administration's subsequent attempt to cover up its involvement.
A Webby Award is an award for excellence on the Internet presented annually by The International Academy of Digital Arts and Sciences, a judging body composed of over two thousands industry experts and technology innovators.
WhatsApp Messenger is a freeware and cross-platform messaging and Voice over IP (VoIP) service owned by Facebook.
The Whigs were a political faction and then a political party in the parliaments of England, Scotland, Great Britain, Ireland and the United Kingdom.
A whistleblower (also written as whistle-blower or whistle blower) is a person who exposes any kind of information or activity that is deemed illegal, unethical, or not correct within an organization that is either private or public.
WikiLeaks is an international non-profit organisation that publishes secret information, news leaks, and classified media provided by anonymous sources.
Will Hodgkinson is a journalist and author from London (born in Newcastle-upon-Tyne), England.
William Nicolas Hutton (born 21 May 1950) is a British political economist, academic administrator, and journalist.
William Ewart Gladstone, (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party.
William Percival Crozier (1 August 1879 – 16 April 1944) was a British journalist and editor of the Manchester Guardian from 1932, when he succeeded Ted Scott, who had died in a sailing accident, until his death in 1944.
Women's suffrage (colloquial: female suffrage, woman suffrage or women's right to vote) --> is the right of women to vote in elections; a person who advocates the extension of suffrage, particularly to women, is called a suffragist.
World in Action is a British investigative current affairs programme, made by Granada Television for ITV from 7 January 1963 until 7 December 1998.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Xuē Xīnrán (薛欣然, pen name Xinran, born in Beijing in 1958) is a British-Chinese journalist, author, speaker, and advocate for women's issues.
Yorkshire (abbreviated Yorks), formally known as the County of York, is a historic county of Northern England and the largest in the United Kingdom.
Yotam Assaf Ottolenghi (born 14 December 1968) is an Israeli-British chef, restaurant owner, and food writer.
Yvette Cooper (born 20 March 1969) is a Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Normanton, Pontefract and Castleford since 2010, having served as the MP for Pontefract and Castleford since 1997.
The Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front (ZANU–PF) has been the ruling party in Zimbabwe since independence in 1980.
Zoe Williams (born 1973) is an English columnist, journalist, and author.
1843 (formerly Intelligent Life) is a bi-monthly cultural magazine published by the Economist Group.
The 2003 invasion of Iraq was the first stage of the Iraq War (also called Operation Iraqi Freedom).
The 2006 Ivory Coast toxic waste dump was a health crisis in Ivory Coast in which a ship registered in Panama, the Probo Koala, chartered by the Singaporean-based oil and commodity shipping company Trafigura Beheer BV, offloaded toxic waste to an Ivorian waste handling company which disposed of it at the port of Abidjan.
The 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict also known as Operation Protective Edge (מִבְצָע צוּק אֵיתָן, Miv'tza Tzuk Eitan, lit. "Operation Strong Cliff") and sometimes referred to as the 2014 Gaza war, was a military operation launched by Israel on 8 July 2014 in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
The 7 July 2005 London bombings, often referred to as 7/7, were a series of coordinated terrorist suicide attacks in London, United Kingdom, which targeted commuters travelling on the city's public transport system during the morning rush hour.
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