15 relations: Awdl, Book of Taliesin, Ceredigion, Conquest of Wales by Edward I, Cywydd, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Gwyneth Lewis, Jean de Meun, Metaphor, Rachel Bromwich, Roman de la Rose, Simile, Taliesin, Tony Conran, William Owen Pughe.
In early Welsh literature, an awdl was any long poem on a single end-rhyme (the word is the same as 'odl', 'rhyme').
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The Book of Taliesin (Llyfr Taliesin) is one of the most famous of Middle Welsh manuscripts, dating from the first half of the 14th century though many of the fifty-six poems it preserves are taken to originate in the 10th century or before.
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Ceredigion is a county in Mid Wales.
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The Conquest of Wales by Edward I, sometimes referred to as the Edwardian Conquest of WalesExamples of historians using the term include Professor J.E. Lloyd, regarded as the founder of the modern academic study of Welsh history, in his History of Wales from the Earliest Times to the Edwardian Conquest, first published in 1911, and Professor R.R. Davies, the leading modern scholar of the period, in his works including The Age of Conquest: Wales, 1063–1415, published 2000.
The cywydd (plural cywyddau) is one of the most important metrical forms in Welsh traditional poetry (cerdd dafod).
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Dafydd ap Gwilym (c. 1315/1320 – c. 1350/1370), is regarded as one of the leading Welsh poets and amongst the great poets of Europe in the Middle Ages.
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Gwyneth Lewis (born 1959) is a Welsh poet and was the inaugural National Poet of Wales.
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Jean de Meun (or de Meung) (c. 1240 – c. 1305) was a French author best known for his continuation of the Roman de la Rose.
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A metaphor is a figure of speech that identifies something as being the same as some unrelated thing for rhetorical effect, thus highlighting the similarities between the two.
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Rachel Bromwich (30 July 1915 – 15 December 2010) was a British scholar.
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The Roman de la Rose ("Romance of the Rose"), is a medieval French poem styled as an allegorical dream vision.
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simile: * A 'simile' is a figure of speech that directly compares two things through the explicit use of connecting words (such as like, as, so, than, or various verbs such as resemble).
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Taliesin (6th century; was an early Brythonic poet of Sub-Roman Britain whose work has possibly survived in a Middle Welsh manuscript, the Book of Taliesin. Taliesin was a renowned bard who is believed to have sung at the courts of at least three Brythonic kings. Eleven of the preserved poems have been dated to as early as the 6th century, and were ascribed to the historical Taliesin. The bulk of this work praises King Urien of Rheged and his son Owain mab Urien, although several of the poems indicate that he also served as the court bard to King Brochfael Ysgithrog of Powys and his successor Cynan Garwyn, either before or during his time at Urien's court. Some of the events to which the poems refer, such as the Battle of Arfderydd (c. 583), are referred to in other sources. His name, spelled as Taliessin in Alfred, Lord Tennyson's Idylls of the King and in some subsequent works, means "shining brow" in Middle Welsh. In legend and medieval Welsh poetry, he is often referred to as Taliesin Ben Beirdd ("Taliesin, Chief of Bards" or chief of poets). He is mentioned as one of the five British poets of renown, along with Talhaearn Tad Awen ("Talhaearn Father of the Muse"), Aneirin, Blwchfardd, and Cian Gwenith Gwawd ("Cian Wheat of Song"), in the Historia Brittonum, and is also mentioned in the collection of poems known as Y Gododdin. Taliesin was highly regarded in the mid-12th century as the supposed author of a great number of romantic legends.Griffin (1887) According to legend Taliesin was adopted as a child by Elffin, the son of Gwyddno Garanhir, and prophesied the death of Maelgwn Gwynedd from the Yellow Plague. In later stories he became a mythic hero, companion of Bran the Blessed and King Arthur. His legendary biography is found in several late renderings (see below), the earliest surviving narrative being found in a manuscript chronicle of world history written by Elis Gruffydd in the 16th century.
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Tony Conran (7 April 1931 – 14 January 2013) was a Welsh poet and translator of Welsh poetry.
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William Owen Pughe (7 August 1759 – 4 June 1835) was a Welsh antiquarian and grammarian best known for his Welsh and English Dictionary, published in 1803, but also known for his grammar books and 'Pughisms' (neologisms).