387 relations: A Chorus Line, Abel Seyler, Achaemenid Empire, Acrobatics, Acting, Action (philosophy), Actor, Actors' Equity Association, Adab (Islam), Aeschylus, Agon, Alcestis (play), Ali, American English, Ancient Greek, Ancient Greek comedy, Ancient Greek law, Ancient Greek philosophy, Ancient Greek religion, Ancient Greek temple, Ancient Rome, Animal sacrifice, Anti-Oedipus, Antitheatricality, Anton Chekhov, Antonin Artaud, Aristophanes, Aristotle, As You Like It, Athenaeus, Athenian democracy, Athenian festivals, Attic Greek, Attica, Audience, August Strindberg, August Wilson, Augusto Boal, Aulos, Émile Zola, Ballet, Battle of Salamis, Bertolt Brecht, Bharata Muni, Bhavabhuti, Black comedy, Black light theatre, Boeing-Boeing (play), Boeotia, British English, ..., Broadway theatre, Buddhism, Casting (performing arts), Character (arts), Charles Sanders Peirce, Chicago, Christian, Citizenship, Clarinet, Classical Athens, Classical Greece, Cleisthenes, Closet drama, Collaboration, Collective, Comedy (drama), Comic opera, Commedia dell'arte, Community theatre, Composer, Costume design, Costume designer, Culinary theatre, Cultural identity, Culture, Culture of ancient Rome, Cyclops (play), Dance, Dario Fo, Deterritorialization, Dialogue, Dialogue in writing, Dianoia, Dinner theater, Dionysus, Dithyramb, Domestic tragedy, Doric Greek, Drama, Dramatic structure, Dramatic theory, Dramaturge, Dramaturgy, Ecclesia (ancient Athens), Edward Gordon Craig, Edwardian era, Edwardian musical comedy, Eleutherae, Elizabethan era, Elocution, English language, English Renaissance theatre, Epic poetry, Epic theatre, Erwin Piscator, Ethos, Etruscan civilization, Eugène Ionesco, Eugène Scribe, Eugene O'Neill, Eugenio Barba, Euripides, Expressionism, Extant literature, F. C. Burnand, Family tree of the Greek gods, Farce, Félix Guattari, Fertility, Fiction, Fifth-century Athens, Fine art, Francis Fergusson, Friedrich Nietzsche, Friedrich Schiller, Fringe theatre, Genre, Georges Feydeau, German language, Gesamtkunstwerk, Gilbert and Sullivan, Gilles Deleuze, Globe Theatre, Goethe's Faust, Grammar, Greek chorus, Greek Heroic Age, Greek mythology, Hair (musical), Hamburg National Theatre, Hamilton (musical), Hamlet, Harsha, Hasan ibn Ali, Heiner Müller, Hellenistic period, Hellenization, Henrik Ibsen, High culture, Hindu mythology, History of India, History of Islam, Humour, Husayn ibn Ali, Hymn, Iconicity, Illusionistic tradition, Improvisational theatre, In Town (musical), Incidental music, Indexicality, India, Indian classical drama, Industrial Revolution, Institution, International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees, Into the Woods, Islamic Golden Age, Ivanov (play), Jacques Copeau, Jean Racine, Jean-Pierre Vernant, Jeremy Collier, Jerzy Grotowski, Joan Littlewood, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Kabuki, Kālidāsa, Keith Johnstone, Konstantin Stanislavski, Kyōgen, Latin literature, Law court (ancient Athens), Lazzi, Lee Strasberg, Les Misérables (musical), Lexis (Aristotle), Lighting designer, List of awards in theatre, List of playwrights, List of theatre directors in the 20th and 21st centuries, List of theatre festivals, List of theatre personnel, Lists of theatres, Literature, Livy, Long Day's Journey into Night, Lope de Vega, Lord Byron, Ludvig Holberg, Lyric poetry, Mahābhāṣya, Manfred, Marionette, Mālavikāgnimitram, Medium specificity, Melodrama, Menander, Method acting, Metre (poetry), Mimesis, Mode (literature), Modernism, Modernity, Molière, Monody, Moshe Sharon, Music, Music hall, Music of ancient Greece, Musical theatre, My Fair Lady, Mythos (Aristotle), Nagananda, Naturalism (theatre), Natya Shastra, Neoclassicism, Nineteenth-century theatre, Noh, Non-Aristotelian drama, Oedipus Rex, Off West End, Off-Broadway, Off-Off-Broadway, Oklahoma!, Opera, Opsis, Oscar Wilde, Patanjali, Patrice Pavis, Paul Sills, Pear Garden, Peisistratos, Performance, Performance art, Performing arts, Peter Brook, Philip James de Loutherbourg, Phyllis Hartnoll, Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, Plautus, Play (theatre), Playwright, Plot (narrative), Poetic tradition, Poetics (Aristotle), Poetry, Polis, Postcolonialism, Postmodern theatre, Postmodernism, Princess Theatre (New York City, 1913–1955), Priyadarsika, Problem play, Production team, Prometheus Bound, Psychophysiology, Psychotechnique, Public speaking, Puppet, Puppetry, Puritans, Ratnavali, Raymond Williams, Reader's theatre, Realism (theatre), Regional theater in the United States, Renaissance, Renaissance humanism, Rent (musical), Repertory theatre, Restoration (England), Rhesus (play), Rhetoric, Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Richard Wagner, Ritual, Robert Lepage, Robert Wilson (director), Rodgers and Hammerstein, Roman festivals, Romanticism, Royal National Theatre, Rush Rehm, Samuel Beckett, Satyr, Satyr play, Scenic design, Semiotics, Seneca the Younger, Seyler Theatre Company, Shadow play, Shahid, Shakuntala (play), Shang dynasty, Shia Islam, Site-specific theatre, Song, Song dynasty, Sophocles, Sound design, Stage (theatre), Stage combat, Stage Directors and Choreographers Society, Stage management, Stagecraft, Stanislavski's system, Stock character, Street theatre, Sturm und Drang, Summer stock theatre, Symbolism (arts), Symposium, Tang dynasty, Tetralogy, Thérèse Raquin, The arts, The Fantasticks, The Lion King (musical), The Persians, The Phantom of the Opera (1986 musical), The School for Scandal, The Second City, Theater (structure), Theatre, Theatre consultant, Theatre criticism, Theatre director, Theatre for development, Theatre music, Theatre of ancient Greece, Theatre of ancient Rome, Theatre of Dionysus, Theatre of India, Theatre of the Absurd, Theatre of the Oppressed, Theatre practitioner, Theatre technique, Theatre Workshop, Theatrical makeup, Theatrical property, Theatrical style, Tomson Highway, Touring theatre, Tragedy, Tragicomedy, Twentieth-century theatre, Unit production manager, University of Michigan Press, Upright Citizens Brigade, Variety show, Vaudeville, Vedas, Vedic and Sanskrit literature, Vedic period, Verse drama and dramatic verse, Victorian burlesque, Victorien Sardou, Video design, Vikramōrvaśīyam, Viola Spolin, Vsevolod Meyerhold, W. S. Gilbert, Walter Benjamin, Well-made play, West End theatre, West Side Story, Western culture, Wicked (musical), William Shakespeare, Wine, Xiangsheng, Yuan dynasty, Zaju, 1601 in literature, 1873 in literature, 1887 in literature. Expand index (337 more) » « Shrink index
A Chorus Line is a musical with music by Marvin Hamlisch, lyrics by Edward Kleban and a book by James Kirkwood Jr. and Nicholas Dante.
Abel Seyler (23 August 1730, Liestal – 25 April 1801, Rellingen) was a Swiss-born theatre director and former banker, who was regarded as one of the great theatre principals of 18th century Europe.
The Achaemenid Empire, also called the First Persian Empire, was an empire based in Western Asia, founded by Cyrus the Great.
Acrobatics (from Greek ἀκροβατέω akrobateō, "walk on tiptoe, strut") is the performance of extraordinary human feats of balance, agility, and motor coordination.
Acting is an activity in which a story is told by means of its enactment by an actor or actress who adopts a character—in theatre, television, film, radio, or any other medium that makes use of the mimetic mode.
In philosophy, an action is something which is done by an agent.
An actor (often actress for women; see terminology) is a person who portrays a character in a performance.
The Actors' Equity Association (AEA), commonly referred to as Actors' Equity or simply Equity, is an American labor union representing the world of live theatrical performance, as opposed to film and television performance (which is represented by SAG-AFTRA).
Adab (أدب) in the context of behavior, refers to prescribed Islamic etiquette: "refinement, good manners, morals, decorum, decency, humaneness".
Aeschylus (Αἰσχύλος Aiskhulos;; c. 525/524 – c. 456/455 BC) was an ancient Greek tragedian.
Agon (Classical Greek ἀγών) is an ancient Greek term for a struggle or contest.
Alcestis (Ἄλκηστις, Alkēstis) is an Athenian tragedy by the ancient Greek playwright Euripides.
Ali (ʿAlī) (15 September 601 – 29 January 661) was the cousin and the son-in-law of Muhammad, the last prophet of Islam.
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
Ancient Greek comedy was one of the final three principal dramatic forms in the theatre of classical Greece (the others being tragedy and the satyr play).
Ancient Greek law consists of the laws and legal institutions of Ancient Greece.
Ancient Greek philosophy arose in the 6th century BC and continued throughout the Hellenistic period and the period in which Ancient Greece was part of the Roman Empire.
Ancient Greek religion encompasses the collection of beliefs, rituals, and mythology originating in ancient Greece in the form of both popular public religion and cult practices.
Greek temples (dwelling, semantically distinct from Latin templum, "temple") were structures built to house deity statues within Greek sanctuaries in ancient Greek religion.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Animal sacrifice is the ritual killing and offering of an animal usually as part of a religious ritual or to appease or maintain favour with a deity.
Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia (Capitalisme et schizophrénie.) is a 1972 book by French authors Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, respectively a philosopher and a psychoanalyst.
Antitheatricality is any form of opposition or hostility to theater.
Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (ɐnˈton ˈpavɫəvʲɪtɕ ˈtɕɛxəf; 29 January 1860 – 15 July 1904) was a Russian playwright and short-story writer, who is considered to be among the greatest writers of short fiction in history.
Antoine Marie Joseph Artaud, better known as Antonin Artaud (4 September 1896 – 4 March 1948), was a French dramatist, poet, essayist, actor, and theatre director, widely recognized as one of the major figures of twentieth-century theatre and the European avant-garde.
Aristophanes (Ἀριστοφάνης,; c. 446 – c. 386 BC), son of Philippus, of the deme Kydathenaion (Cydathenaeum), was a comic playwright of ancient Athens.
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
As You Like It is a pastoral comedy by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in 1599 and first published in the First Folio in 1623.
Athenaeus of Naucratis (Ἀθήναιος Nαυκρατίτης or Nαυκράτιος, Athēnaios Naukratitēs or Naukratios; Athenaeus Naucratita) was a Greek rhetorician and grammarian, flourishing about the end of the 2nd and beginning of the 3rd century AD.
Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century BC in the Greek city-state (known as a polis) of Athens, comprising the city of Athens and the surrounding territory of Attica, and is often described as the first known democracy in the world.
The festival calendar of Classical Athens involved the staging of a large number of festivals each year.
Attic Greek is the Greek dialect of ancient Attica, including the city of Athens.
Attica (Αττική, Ancient Greek Attikḗ or; or), or the Attic peninsula, is a historical region that encompasses the city of Athens, the capital of present-day Greece.
An audience is a group of people who participate in a show or encounter a work of art, literature (in which they are called "readers"), theatre, music (in which they are called "listeners"), video games (in which they are called "players"), or academics in any medium.
Johan August Strindberg (22 January 184914 May 1912) was a Swedish playwright, novelist, poet, essayist and painter.
August Wilson (April 27, 1945 – October 2, 2005) was an American playwright whose work included a series of ten plays, The Pittsburgh Cycle, for which he received two Pulitzer Prizes for Drama.
Augusto Boal (16 March 1931 – 2 May 2009) was a Brazilian theater practitioner, drama theorist, and political activist.
An aulos (αὐλός, plural αὐλοί, auloi) or tibia (Latin) was an ancient Greek wind instrument, depicted often in art and also attested by archaeology.
Émile Édouard Charles Antoine Zola (2 April 1840 – 29 September 1902) was a French novelist, playwright, journalist, the best-known practitioner of the literary school of naturalism, and an important contributor to the development of theatrical naturalism.
Ballet is a type of performance dance that originated during the Italian Renaissance in the 15th century and later developed into a concert dance form in France and Russia.
The Battle of Salamis (Ναυμαχία τῆς Σαλαμῖνος, Naumachia tēs Salaminos) was a naval battle fought between an alliance of Greek city-states under Themistocles and the Persian Empire under King Xerxes in 480 BC which resulted in a decisive victory for the outnumbered Greeks.
Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht (10 February 1898 – 14 August 1956), known professionally as Bertolt Brecht, was a German theatre practitioner, playwright, and poet.
Bharata Muni was an ancient Indian theatrologist and musicologist who wrote the Natya Shastra, a theoretical treatise on ancient Indian dramaturgy and histrionics, especially Sanskrit theatre.
Bhavabhuti was an 8th-century scholar of India noted for his plays and poetry, written in Sanskrit.
Black comedy, also known as dark comedy or gallows humor, is a comic style that makes light of subject matter that is generally considered taboo, particularly subjects that are normally considered serious or painful to discuss.
Black light theatre (in Czech černé divadlo) or simply black theatre, is a theatrical performance style characterized by the use of black box theatre augmented by black light illusion.
Boeing-Boeing is a farce written by the French playwright Marc Camoletti.
Boeotia, sometimes alternatively Latinised as Boiotia, or Beotia (Βοιωτία,,; modern transliteration Voiotía, also Viotía, formerly Cadmeis), is one of the regional units of Greece.
British English is the standard dialect of English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom.
Broadway theatre,Although theater is the generally preferred spelling in the United States (see American and British English spelling differences), many Broadway venues, performers and trade groups for live dramatic presentations use the spelling theatre.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
In the performing arts industry such as Theatre, Film, or Television, a casting (or casting call) is a pre-production process for selecting a certain type of actor, dancer, singer, or extra for a particular role or part in a script, screenplay, or teleplay.
A character (sometimes known as a fictional character) is a person or other being in a narrative (such as a novel, play, television series, film, or video game).
Charles Sanders Peirce ("purse"; 10 September 1839 – 19 April 1914) was an American philosopher, logician, mathematician, and scientist who is sometimes known as "the father of pragmatism".
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a legal member of a sovereign state or belonging to a nation.
The clarinet is a musical-instrument family belonging to the group known as the woodwind instruments.
The city of Athens (Ἀθῆναι, Athênai a.tʰɛ̂ː.nai̯; Modern Greek: Ἀθῆναι, Athínai) during the classical period of Ancient Greece (508–322 BC) was the major urban center of the notable polis (city-state) of the same name, located in Attica, Greece, leading the Delian League in the Peloponnesian War against Sparta and the Peloponnesian League.
Classical Greece was a period of around 200 years (5th and 4th centuries BC) in Greek culture.
Cleisthenes (Κλεισθένης, Kleisthénēs; also Clisthenes or Kleisthenes) was an ancient Athenian lawgiver credited with reforming the constitution of ancient Athens and setting it on a democratic footing in 508/7 BC.
A closet drama is a play that is not intended to be performed onstage, but read by a solitary reader or sometimes out loud in a small group.
Collaboration occurs when two or more people or organizations work together--> to realize or achieve a goal.
A collective is a group of entities that share or are motivated by at least one common issue or interest, or work together to achieve a common objective.
A comedy is entertainment consisting of jokes intended to make an audience laugh.
Comic opera denotes a sung dramatic work of a light or comic nature, usually with a happy ending.
(comedy of the profession) was an early form of professional theatre, originating from Italy, that was popular in Europe from the 16th through the 18th century.
Community theatre refers to theatrical performance made in relation to particular communities—its usage includes theatre made by, with, and for a community.
A composer (Latin ''compōnō''; literally "one who puts together") is a musician who is an author of music in any form, including vocal music (for a singer or choir), instrumental music, electronic music, and music which combines multiple forms.
Costume design is the investing of clothing and the overall appearance of a character or performer.
A costume designer is a person who designs costumes for a film, stage production or television.
Culinary theatre is the creation or enhancement of a spectacle during the service of food and beverages.
Cultural identity is the identity or feeling of belonging to a group.
Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.
The culture of ancient Rome existed throughout almost 1200-year history of the civilization of Ancient Rome.
Cyclops (Κύκλωψ, Kyklōps) is an ancient Greek satyr play by Euripides.
Dance is a performing art form consisting of purposefully selected sequences of human movement.
Dario Fo (24 March 1926 – 13 October 2016) was an Italian actor–playwright, comedian, singer, theatre director, stage designer, songwriter, painter, political campaigner for the Italian left-wing and the recipient of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Literature.
Deterritorialization (déterritorialisation) is a concept created by Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari in Anti-Oedipus (1972).
Dialogue (sometimes spelled dialog in American English) is a written or spoken conversational exchange between two or more people, and a literary and theatrical form that depicts such an exchange.
Dialogue, in fiction, is a verbal exchange between two or more characters.
Dianoia (Greek: διάνοια, ratio in Latin) is a term used by Plato for a type of thinking, specifically about mathematical and technical subjects.
Dinner theater (sometimes called dinner and a show) is a form of entertainment that combines a restaurant meal with a staged play or musical.
Dionysus (Διόνυσος Dionysos) is the god of the grape harvest, winemaking and wine, of ritual madness, fertility, theatre and religious ecstasy in ancient Greek religion and myth.
The dithyramb (διθύραμβος, dithyrambos) was an ancient Greek hymn sung and danced in honor of Dionysus, the god of wine and fertility; the term was also used as an epithet of the god: Plato, in The Laws, while discussing various kinds of music mentions "the birth of Dionysos, called, I think, the dithyramb." Plato also remarks in the Republic that dithyrambs are the clearest example of poetry in which the poet is the only speaker.
In English drama, a domestic tragedy is a tragedy in which the tragic protagonists are ordinary middle-class or lower-class individuals.
Doric, or Dorian, was an Ancient Greek dialect.
Drama is the specific mode of fiction represented in performance: a play performed in a theatre, or on radio or television.
Dramatic structure is the structure of a dramatic work such as a play or film.
Dramatic theory is a term used for works that attempt to form theories about theatre and drama.
A dramaturge or dramaturg is a literary adviser or editor in a theatre, opera, or film company that researches, selects, adapts, edits, and interprets scripts, libretti, texts, and printed programs (or helps others with these tasks), consults with authors, and does public relations work.
The word Dramaturgy, is from the greek δραματουργέιν 'to write a drama'.
The ecclesia or ekklesia (ἐκκλησία) was the principal assembly of the democracy of ancient Athens.
Edward Henry Gordon CraigSome sources give "Henry Edward Gordon Craig".
The Edwardian era or Edwardian period of British history covers the brief reign of King Edward VII, 1901 to 1910, and is sometimes extended in both directions to capture long-term trends from the 1890s to the First World War.
Edwardian musical comedy was a form of British musical theatre that extended beyond the reign of King Edward VII in both direction, beginning in the early 1890s, when the Gilbert and Sullivan operas' dominance had ended, until the rise of the American musicals by Jerome Kern, Rodgers and Hart, George Gershwin and Cole Porter following the First World War.
Eleutherae (Ἐλευθεραί) is a city in the northern part of Attica, bordering the territory of Boeotia.
The Elizabethan era is the epoch in the Tudor period of the history of England during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558–1603).
Elocution is the study of formal speaking in pronunciation, grammar, style, and tone.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
English Renaissance theatre—also known as early modern English theatre and Elizabethan theatre—refers to the theatre of England between 1562 and 1642.
An epic poem, epic, epos, or epopee is a lengthy narrative poem, ordinarily involving a time beyond living memory in which occurred the extraordinary doings of the extraordinary men and women who, in dealings with the gods or other superhuman forces, gave shape to the moral universe that their descendants, the poet and his audience, must understand to understand themselves as a people or nation.
Epic theatre (episches Theater) is a theatrical movement arising in the early to mid-20th century from the theories and practice of a number of theatre practitioners who responded to the political climate of the time through the creation of a new political theatre.
Erwin Friedrich Maximilian Piscator (17 December 1893 – 30 March 1966) was a German theatre director and producer and, along with Bertolt Brecht, the foremost exponent of epic theatre, a form that emphasizes the socio-political content of drama, rather than its emotional manipulation of the audience or the production's formal beauty.
Ethos is a Greek word meaning "character" that is used to describe the guiding beliefs or ideals that characterize a community, nation, or ideology.
The Etruscan civilization is the modern name given to a powerful and wealthy civilization of ancient Italy in the area corresponding roughly to Tuscany, western Umbria and northern Lazio.
Eugène Ionesco (born Eugen Ionescu,; 26 November 1909 – 28 March 1994) was a Romanian-French playwright who wrote mostly in French, and one of the foremost figures of the French Avant-garde theatre.
Augustin Eugène Scribe (24 December 179120 February 1861) was a French dramatist and librettist.
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill (October 16, 1888 – November 27, 1953) was an American playwright and Nobel laureate in Literature.
Eugenio Barba (born 29 October 1936 in Brindisi, Italy) is an Italian author and theatre director based in Denmark.
Euripides (Εὐριπίδης) was a tragedian of classical Athens.
Expressionism was a modernist movement, initially in poetry and painting, originating in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century.
Extant literature and extant music refers to texts or music that has survived from the past to the present time, as opposed to lost work.
Sir Francis Cowley Burnand (29 November 1836 – 21 April 1917), usually known as F. C. Burnand, was an English comic writer and prolific playwright, best known today as the librettist of Arthur Sullivan's opera Cox and Box.
The essential Olympians' names are given in bold font.
In theatre, a farce is a comedy that aims at entertaining the audience through situations that are highly exaggerated, extravagant, and thus improbable.
Pierre-Félix Guattari (April 30, 1930 – August 29, 1992) was a French psychotherapist, philosopher, semiologist, and activist.
Fertility is the natural capability to produce offspring.
Fiction is any story or setting that is derived from imagination—in other words, not based strictly on history or fact.
Fifth-century Athens is the Greek city-state of Athens in the time from 480 BC-404 BC.
In European academic traditions, fine art is art developed primarily for aesthetics or beauty, distinguishing it from applied art, which also has to serve some practical function, such as pottery or most metalwork.
Francis Fergusson (1904–1986) was a Harvard and Oxford-educated teacher and critic, a theorist of drama and mythology who wrote The Idea of a Theater, (Princeton, 1949) arguably the best and most influential book about drama written by an American.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, philologist and a Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.
Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (10 November 17599 May 1805) was a German poet, philosopher, physician, historian, and playwright.
Fringe theatre is theatre that is experimental in style or subject matter.
Genre is any form or type of communication in any mode (written, spoken, digital, artistic, etc.) with socially-agreed upon conventions developed over time.
Georges Feydeau (8 December 1862 – 5 June 1921) was a French playwright of the era known as the Belle Époque.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
A Gesamtkunstwerk (translated as "total work of art", "ideal work of art", "universal artwork", "synthesis of the arts", "comprehensive artwork", "all-embracing art form" or "total artwork") is a work of art that makes use of all or many art forms or strives to do so.
Gilbert and Sullivan refers to the Victorian-era theatrical partnership of the dramatist W. S. Gilbert (1836–1911) and the composer Arthur Sullivan (1842–1900) and to the works they jointly created.
Gilles Deleuze (18 January 1925 – 4 November 1995) was a French philosopher who, from the early 1960s until his death in 1995, wrote on philosophy, literature, film, and fine art.
The Globe Theatre was a theatre in London associated with William Shakespeare.
Faust is a tragic play in two parts by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, usually known in English as Faust, Part One and Faust, Part Two.
In linguistics, grammar (from Greek: γραμματική) is the set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.
A Greek chorus, or simply chorus (χορός, khoros) in the context of Ancient Greek tragedy, comedy, satyr plays, and modern works inspired by them, is a homogeneous, non-individualised group of performers, who comment with a collective voice on the dramatic action.
The Greek Heroic Age, in mythology, is the period between the coming of the Greeks to Thessaly and the Greek return from Troy.
Greek mythology is the body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices.
Hair: The American Tribal Love-Rock Musical is a rock musical with a book and lyrics by Gerome Ragni and James Rado and music by Galt MacDermot.
The Hamburg Enterprise (Hamburgische Entreprise), commonly known as the Hamburg National Theatre, was a theatre company in Hamburg (now Germany), that existed 1767–1769 at the Gänsemarkt square.
Hamilton: An American Musical is a sung- and rapped-through musical about the life of American Founding Father Alexander Hamilton, with music, lyrics, and book by Lin-Manuel Miranda,Donaldson, Kayleigh (2017).
The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, often shortened to Hamlet, is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare at an uncertain date between 1599 and 1602.
Harsha (c. 590–647 CE), also known as Harshavardhana, was an Indian emperor who ruled North India from 606 to 647 CE.
Al-Ḥasan ibn Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (الحسن ابن علي ابن أبي طالب, 624–670 CE), commonly known as Hasan or Hassan, is the eldest son of Muhammad's daughter Fatimah and of Ali, and the older brother to Husayn.
Heiner Müller (9 January 1929 – 30 December 1995) was a German (formerly East German) dramatist, poet, writer, essayist and theatre director.
The Hellenistic period covers the period of Mediterranean history between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the emergence of the Roman Empire as signified by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC and the subsequent conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt the following year.
Hellenization or Hellenisation is the historical spread of ancient Greek culture, religion and, to a lesser extent, language, over foreign peoples conquered by Greeks or brought into their sphere of influence, particularly during the Hellenistic period following the campaigns of Alexander the Great in the fourth century BC.
Henrik Johan Ibsen (20 March 1828 – 23 May 1906) was a Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet.
High culture encompasses the cultural products of aesthetic value, which a society collectively esteem as exemplary art.
Hindu mythology are mythical narratives found in Hindu texts such as the Vedic literature, epics like Mahabharata and Ramayana, the Puranas, the regional literatures Sangam literature and Periya Puranam.
The history of India includes the prehistoric settlements and societies in the Indian subcontinent; the advancement of civilisation from the Indus Valley Civilisation to the eventual blending of the Indo-Aryan culture to form the Vedic Civilisation; the rise of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism;Sanderson, Alexis (2009), "The Śaiva Age: The Rise and Dominance of Śaivism during the Early Medieval Period." In: Genesis and Development of Tantrism, edited by Shingo Einoo, Tokyo: Institute of Oriental Culture, University of Tokyo, 2009.
The history of Islam concerns the political, social,economic and cultural developments of the Islamic civilization.
Humour (British English) or humor (American English; see spelling differences) is the tendency of experiences to provoke laughter and provide amusement.
Al-Ḥusayn ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib (الحسين ابن علي ابن أبي طالب; 10 October 625 – 10 October 680) (3 Sha'aban AH 4 (in the ancient (intercalated) Arabic calendar) – 10 Muharram AH 61) (his name is also transliterated as Husayn ibn 'Alī, Husain, Hussain and Hussein), was a grandson of the Islamic ''Nabi'' (نَـبِي, Prophet) Muhammad, and son of Ali ibn Abi Talib (the first Shia Imam and the fourth Rashid caliph of Sunni Islam), and Muhammad's daughter, Fatimah.
A hymn is a type of song, usually religious, specifically written for the purpose of adoration or prayer, and typically addressed to a deity or deities, or to a prominent figure or personification.
In functional-cognitive linguistics, as well as in semiotics, iconicity is the conceived similarity or analogy between the form of a sign (linguistic or otherwise) and its meaning, as opposed to arbitrariness.
Illusionistic tradition is a style of theatre that was created in Italy during the Renaissance.
Improvisational theatre, often called improv or impro, is the form of theatre, often comedy, in which most or all of what is performed is unplanned or unscripted: created spontaneously by the performers.
In Town is a musical comedy written by Adrian Ross and James T. Tanner, with music by F. Osmond Carr and lyrics by Ross.
Incidental music is music in a play, television program, radio program, video game, film, or some other presentation form that is not primarily musical.
In semiotics, linguistics, anthropology and philosophy of language, indexicality is the phenomenon of a sign pointing to (or indexing) some object in the context in which it occurs.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The term Indian classical drama refers to the tradition of dramatic literature and performance in ancient India.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
Institutions are "stable, valued, recurring patterns of behavior".
The International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees, or IATSE (full name: International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees, Moving Picture Technicians, Artists and Allied Crafts of the United States, Its Territories and Canada), is a labor union representing over 140,000 technicians, artisans and craftspersons in the entertainment industry, including live theatre, motion picture and television production, and trade shows.
Into the Woods is a musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim and book by James Lapine.
The Islamic Golden Age is the era in the history of Islam, traditionally dated from the 8th century to the 14th century, during which much of the historically Islamic world was ruled by various caliphates, and science, economic development and cultural works flourished.
Ivanov (italic (Ivanov: drama in four acts)) is a four-act drama by the Russian playwright Anton Chekhov.
Jacques Copeau (4 February 1879 – 20 October 1949) was a French theatre director, producer, actor, and dramatist.
Jean Racine, baptismal name Jean-Baptiste Racine (22 December 163921 April 1699), was a French dramatist, one of the three great playwrights of 17th-century France (along with Molière and Corneille), and an important literary figure in the Western tradition.
Jean-Pierre Vernant (January 4, 1914 – January 9, 2007) was a French historian and anthropologist, specialist in ancient Greece.
Jeremy Collier (23 September 1650 – 26 April 1726) was an English theatre critic, non-juror bishop and theologian.
Jerzy Marian Grotowski (11 August 1933 – 14 January 1999) was an innovative Polish theatre director and theorist whose approaches to acting, training and theatrical production have significantly influenced theatre today.
Joan Maud Littlewood (6 October 1914 – 20 September 2002) was an English theatre director, who trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts, and is best known for her work in developing the Theatre Workshop.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman.
is a classical Japanese dance-drama.
Kālidāsa was a Classical Sanskrit writer, widely regarded as the greatest poet and dramatist in the Sanskrit language of India.
Keith Johnstone (born February 22, 1933) is a British and Canadian pioneer of improvisational theatre, best known for inventing the Impro System, part of which are the Theatresports.
Konstantin Sergeievich Stanislavski (né Alexeiev; p; 7 August 1938) was a seminal Russian theatre practitioner.
is a form of traditional Japanese comic theater.
Latin literature includes the essays, histories, poems, plays, and other writings written in the Latin language.
The law courts in ancient Athens (4th and 5th centuries BC) were a fundamental organ of democratic governance.
Lazzi (from the Italian lazzo, a joke or witticism) are stock comedic routines that are traditionally associated with Commedia dell'arte.
Lee Strasberg (born Israel Strasberg; November 17, 1901February 17, 1982) was a Polish-born American actor, director, and theatre practitioner.
Les Misérables, colloquially known in English-speaking countries as Les Mis or Les Miz, is a sung-through musical based on the novel Les Misérables by French poet and novelist Victor Hugo.
In philosophical discourse, lexis (from the Greek: λέξις "word") is a complete group of words in a language, vocabulary, the total set of all words in a language, and all words that have meaning or a function in grammar.
A theatre lighting designer (or LD) works with the director, choreographer, set designer, costume designer, and sound designer to create the lighting, atmosphere, and time of day for the production in response to the text, while keeping in mind issues of visibility, safety, and cost.
The following is a list of awards granted for theatre productions and performances.
This is a list of notable playwrights.
This is a list of theatre directors, living and dead, who have been active in the 20th and 21st centuries.
Theatre festivals are amongst the earliest types of festival.
This is a list of the many positions involved in theatre, including both personnel employed temporarily for a specific production, permanent staff of a theatrical company and individuals employed in a performance venue.
This is a list of theatre list articles on Wikipedia.
Literature, most generically, is any body of written works.
Titus Livius Patavinus (64 or 59 BCAD 12 or 17) – often rendered as Titus Livy, or simply Livy, in English language sources – was a Roman historian.
Long Day's Journey into Night is a drama play in four acts written by American playwright Eugene O'Neill in 1941–42 but first published in 1956.
Lope Félix de Vega y Carpio (25 November 156227 August 1635) was a Spanish playwright, poet, novelist and marine.
George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron (22 January 1788 – 19 April 1824), known as Lord Byron, was an English nobleman, poet, peer, politician, and leading figure in the Romantic movement.
Ludvig Holberg, Baron of Holberg (3 December 1684 – 28 January 1754) was a writer, essayist, philosopher, historian and playwright born in Bergen, Norway, during the time of the Dano-Norwegian dual monarchy.
Lyric poetry is a formal type of poetry which expresses personal emotions or feelings, typically spoken in the first person.
The (महाभाष्य,, great commentary), attributed to Patañjali, is a commentary on selected rules of Sanskrit grammar from 's treatise, the ''Ashtadhyayi'', as well as Kātyāyana's Varttika, an elaboration of Pāṇini's grammar.
Manfred: A dramatic poem is a closet drama written in 1816–1817 by Lord Byron.
A marionette is a puppet controlled from above using wires or strings depending on regional variations.
The Mālavikāgnimitram (Sanskrit, meaning Mālavikā and Agnimitra) is a Sanskrit play by Kālidāsa.
Medium specificity is a consideration in aesthetics and art criticism.
A melodrama is a dramatic work in which the plot, which is typically sensational and designed to appeal strongly to the emotions, takes precedence over detailed characterization.
Menander (Μένανδρος Menandros; c. 342/41 – c. 290 BC) was a Greek dramatist and the best-known representative of Athenian New Comedy.
Method acting is a range of training and rehearsal techniques that seek to encourage sincere and emotionally expressive performances, as formulated by a number of different theatre practitioners, principally in the United States, where it is among the most popular—and controversial—approaches to acting.
In poetry, metre is the basic rhythmic structure of a verse or lines in verse.
Mimesis (μίμησις (mīmēsis), from μιμεῖσθαι (mīmeisthai), "to imitate", from μῖμος (mimos), "imitator, actor") is a critical and philosophical term that carries a wide range of meanings, which include imitation, representation, mimicry, imitatio, receptivity, nonsensuous similarity, the act of resembling, the act of expression, and the presentation of the self.
In literature and other artistic media, a mode is an unspecific critical term usually designating a broad but identifiable kind of literary method, mood, or manner that is not tied exclusively to a particular form or genre.
Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Modernity, a topic in the humanities and social sciences, is both a historical period (the modern era), as well as the ensemble of particular socio-cultural norms, attitudes and practices that arose in the wake of Renaissance, in the "Age of Reason" of 17th-century thought and the 18th-century "Enlightenment".
Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, known by his stage name Molière (15 January 162217 February 1673), was a French playwright, actor and poet, widely regarded as one of the greatest writers in the French language and universal literature.
In poetry, the term monody has become specialized to refer to a poem in which one person laments another's death.
Moshe Sharon (משה שָׁרוֹן; born December 18, 1937) is an Israeli historian of Islam who has been called "Israel's greatest Middle East scholar." He is currently Professor Emeritus of Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem where he serves as Chair in Bahá'í Studies.
Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time.
Music hall is a type of British theatrical entertainment that was popular from the early Victorian era circa 1850 and lasting until 1960.
The music of ancient Greece was almost universally present in ancient Greek society, from marriages, funerals, and religious ceremonies to theatre, folk music, and the ballad-like reciting of epic poetry.
Musical theatre is a form of theatrical performance that combines songs, spoken dialogue, acting and dance.
My Fair Lady is a musical based on George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion, with book and lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner and music by Frederick Loewe.
Mythos is the term used by Aristotle in his Poetics (c. 335 BCE) for the plot of an Athenian tragedy.
Nagananda (Joy of the Serpents) is a Sanskrit play attributed to king Harsha (ruled 606 C.E. - 648 C.E.). Nagananda is among the most acclaimed Sanskrit dramas.
Naturalism is a movement in European drama and theatre that developed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
The Nāṭya Śāstra (Sanskrit: नाट्य शास्त्र, Nāṭyaśāstra) is a Sanskrit Hindu text on the performing arts.
Neoclassicism (from Greek νέος nèos, "new" and Latin classicus, "of the highest rank") is the name given to Western movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that draw inspiration from the "classical" art and culture of classical antiquity.
Nineteenth-century theatre describes a wide range of movements in the theatrical culture of Europe and the United States in the 19th century.
, derived from the Sino-Japanese word for "skill" or "talent", is a major form of classical Japanese musical drama that has been performed since the 14th century.
Non-Aristotelian drama, or the 'epic form' of the drama, is a kind of play whose dramaturgical structure departs from the features of classical tragedy in favour of the features of the epic, as defined in each case by the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle in his Poetics (c.335 BCE) The German modernist theatre practitioner Bertolt Brecht coined the term 'non-Aristotelian drama' to describe the dramaturgical dimensions of his own work, beginning in 1930 with a series of notes and essays entitled "On a non-aristotelian drama".
Oedipus Rex, also known by its Greek title, Oedipus Tyrannus (Οἰδίπους Τύραννος IPA), or Oedipus the King, is an Athenian tragedy by Sophocles that was first performed around 429 BC.
Off West End refers to theatres in London which are not included as West End theatres.
An Off-Broadway theatre is any professional venue in Manhattan in New York City with a seating capacity between 100 and 499, inclusive.
Off-Off-Broadway refers to theatrical productions in New York City that began as part of an anti-commercial and experimental or avant-garde movement of drama and theatre.
Oklahoma! is the first musical written by the team of composer Richard Rodgers and librettist Oscar Hammerstein II.
Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.
Opsis (ὄψις) is the Greek word for spectacle in the theatre and performance.
Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 185430 November 1900) was an Irish poet and playwright.
(पतञ्जलि) is a proper Indian name.
Patrice Pavis (b. 1947) was Professor for Theatre Studies at the University of Kent in Canterbury (UK), where he retired at the end of the academic year 2015/16.
Paul Silverberg (November 18, 1927 – June 2, 2008), better known as Paul Sills, was an American director and improvisation teacher, and the original director of Chicago's The Second City.
The Pear Garden or Líyuán was the first known royal acting and musical academy in China founded during the Tang dynasty by Emperor Xuanzong (712–755).
Peisistratos (Πεισίστρατος; died 528/7 BC), Latinized Pisistratus, the son of Hippocrates, was a ruler of ancient Athens during most of the period between 561 and 527 BC.
Performance is completion of a task with application of knowledge, skills and abilities.
Performance art is a performance presented to an audience within a fine art context, traditionally interdisciplinary.
Performing arts are a form of art in which artists use their voices or bodies, often in relation to other objects, to convey artistic expression.
Peter Stephen Paul Brook, CH, CBE (born 21 March 1925) is an English theatre and film director who has been based in France since the early 1970s.
Philip James de Loutherbourg RA (31 October 174011 March 1812), whose name is sometimes given in the French form of Philippe-Jacques, the German form of Philipp Jakob, or with the English-language epithet of the Younger, was a Franco-British painter who became known for his large naval works, his elaborate set designs for London theatres, and his invention of a mechanical theatre called the "Eidophusikon".
Phyllis Hartnoll (22 September 1906, Egypt – 8 January 1997, Lyme Regis) was a British poet, author and editor.
The Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, also known as "the Trib," was the second largest daily printed newspaper serving metropolitan Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in the United States until it transitioned to an all-digital format on December 1, 2016.
Titus Maccius Plautus (c. 254 – 184 BC), commonly known as Plautus, was a Roman playwright of the Old Latin period.
A play is a form of literature written by a playwright, usually consisting of dialogue between characters, intended for theatrical performance rather than just reading.
A playwright or dramatist (rarely dramaturge) is a person who writes plays.
Plot refers to the sequence of events inside a story which affect other events through the principle of cause and effect.
Poetic tradition is a concept similar to that of the poetic or literary canon (a body of works of significant literary merit, instrumental in shaping Western culture and modes of thought).
Aristotle's Poetics (Περὶ ποιητικῆς; De Poetica; c. 335 BCDukore (1974, 31).) is the earliest surviving work of dramatic theory and first extant philosophical treatise to focus on literary theory in the West.
Poetry (the term derives from a variant of the Greek term, poiesis, "making") is a form of literature that uses aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language—such as phonaesthetics, sound symbolism, and metre—to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, the prosaic ostensible meaning.
Polis (πόλις), plural poleis (πόλεις), literally means city in Greek.
Postcolonialism or postcolonial studies is the academic study of the cultural legacy of colonialism and imperialism, focusing on the human consequences of the control and exploitation of colonised people and their lands.
Postmodern theatre is a recent phenomenon in world theatre, coming as it does out of the postmodern philosophy that originated in Europe in the middle of the twentieth century.
Postmodernism is a broad movement that developed in the mid- to late-20th century across philosophy, the arts, architecture, and criticism and that marked a departure from modernism.
The Princess Theatre was a joint venture between the Shubert Brothers, producer Ray Comstock, theatrical agent Elisabeth Marbury and actor-director Holbrook Blinn.
Priyadarsika is a Sanskrit play attributed to king Harsha (606 - 648).
The problem play is a form of drama that emerged during the 19th century as part of the wider movement of realism in the arts, especially following the innovations of Henrik Ibsen.
A production team is the group of technical staff who produce a play, television show, recording, or film.
Prometheus Bound (Προμηθεὺς Δεσμώτης, Promētheus Desmōtēs) is an Ancient Greek tragedy.
Psychophysiology (from Greek ψῡχή, psȳkhē, "breath, life, soul"; φύσις, physis, "nature, origin"; and -λογία, -logia) is the branch of psychology that is concerned with the physiological bases of psychological processes.
Psychotechnique forms part of the 'system' of actor training, preparation, and rehearsal developed by the Russian theatre practitioner Konstantin Stanislavski.
Public speaking (also called oratory or oration) is the process or act of performing a speech to a live audience.
A puppet is an object, often resembling a human, animal or mythical figure, that is animated or manipulated by a person called a puppeteer.
Puppetry is a form of theatre or performance that involves the manipulation of puppets – inanimate objects, often resembling some type of human or animal figure, that are animated or manipulated by a human called a puppeteer.
The Puritans were English Reformed Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who sought to "purify" the Church of England from its "Catholic" practices, maintaining that the Church of England was only partially reformed.
Ratnavali is a Sanskrit drama about a beautiful princess named Ratnavali, and a great king named Udayana.
Raymond Henry Williams (31 August 1921 – 26 January 1988) was a Welsh Marxist theorist, academic, novelist and critic.
Reader's theatre or Reader's theater is a style of theater in which the actors do not memorize their lines.
Realism in the theatre was a general movement that began in the 19th-century theatre, around the 1870s, and remained present through much of the 20th century.
A regional theatre, or resident theatre, in the United States is a professional or semi-professional theatre company that produces its own seasons.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
Renaissance humanism is the study of classical antiquity, at first in Italy and then spreading across Western Europe in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries.
Rent is a rock musical with music, lyrics, and book by Jonathan Larson, loosely based on Giacomo Puccini's opera La Bohème.
A repertory theatre (also called repertory, rep or stock) can be a Western theatre or opera production in which a resident company presents works from a specified repertoire, usually in alternation or rotation.
The Restoration of the English monarchy took place in the Stuart period.
Rhesus (Ῥῆσος, Rhēsos) is an Athenian tragedy that belongs to the transmitted plays of Euripides.
Rhetoric is the art of discourse, wherein a writer or speaker strives to inform, persuade, or motivate particular audiences in specific situations.
Richard Brinsley Butler Sheridan (30 October 17517 July 1816) was an Irish satirist, a playwright and poet, and long-term owner of the London Theatre Royal, Drury Lane.
Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas").
A ritual "is a sequence of activities involving gestures, words, and objects, performed in a sequestered place, and performed according to set sequence".
Robert Lepage, (born December 12, 1957) is a Canadian playwright, actor, film director, and stage director.
Robert Wilson (born October 4, 1941) is an American experimental theater stage director and playwright who has been described by the media as "'s – or even the world's – foremost avant-garde 'theater artist.
Rodgers and Hammerstein refers to composer Richard Rodgers (1902–1979) and lyricist-dramatist Oscar Hammerstein II (1895–1960), who together were an influential, innovative and successful American musical theatre writing team.
Festivals in ancient Rome were a very important part of Roman religious life during both the Republican and Imperial eras, and one of the primary features of the Roman calendar.
Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.
The Royal National Theatre in London, commonly known as the National Theatre (NT) is one of the United Kingdom's three most prominent publicly funded performing arts venues, alongside the Royal Shakespeare Company and the Royal Opera House.
Rush Rehm is Professor of Drama and Classics at Stanford University, California, in the United States.
Samuel Barclay Beckett (13 April 1906 – 22 December 1989) was an Irish avant-garde novelist, playwright, theatre director, poet, and literary translator who lived in Paris for most of his adult life.
In Greek mythology, a satyr (σάτυρος satyros) is the member of a troop of ithyphallic male companions of Dionysus; they usually have horse-like ears and tails, as well as permanent, exaggerated erections.
Satyr plays were an ancient Greek form of tragicomedy, similar in spirit to the bawdy satire of burlesque.
Scenic design (also known as scenography, stage design, set design, or production design) is the creation of theatrical, as well as film or television scenery.
Semiotics (also called semiotic studies) is the study of meaning-making, the study of sign process (semiosis) and meaningful communication.
Seneca the Younger AD65), fully Lucius Annaeus Seneca and also known simply as Seneca, was a Roman Stoic philosopher, statesman, dramatist, and—in one work—satirist of the Silver Age of Latin literature.
The Seyler Theatre Company, also known as the Seyler Company (German: Seylersche Schauspiel-Gesellschaft, sometimes Seylersche Truppe), was a theatrical company founded in 1769 by Abel Seyler, a Hamburg businessman originally from Switzerland who became "the leading patron of German theatre" in his lifetime.
Shadow play, also known as shadow puppetry, is an ancient form of storytelling and entertainment which uses flat articulated cut-out figures (shadow puppets) which are held between a source of light and a translucent screen or scrim.
Shahid and Shaheed (شهيد, plural: شُهَدَاء; female) originates from the Quranic Arabic word meaning "witness" and is also used to denote a martyr.
Shakuntala, also known as The Recognition of Shakuntala, The Sign of Shakuntala, and many other variants (Devanagari: अभिज्ञानशाकुन्तलम् – Abhijñānashākuntala), is a Sanskrit play by the ancient Indian poet Kālidāsa, dramatizing the story of Shakuntala told in the epic Mahabharata.
The Shang dynasty or Yin dynasty, according to traditional historiography, ruled in the Yellow River valley in the second millennium BC, succeeding the Xia dynasty and followed by the Zhou dynasty.
Shia (شيعة Shīʿah, from Shīʻatu ʻAlī, "followers of Ali") is a branch of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad designated Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor (Imam), most notably at the event of Ghadir Khumm.
Site-specific theatre is any type of theatrical production designed to be performed at a unique, specially adapted location other than a standard theatre.
A song, most broadly, is a single (and often standalone) work of music that is typically intended to be sung by the human voice with distinct and fixed pitches and patterns using sound and silence and a variety of forms that often include the repetition of sections.
The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
Sophocles (Σοφοκλῆς, Sophoklēs,; 497/6 – winter 406/5 BC)Sommerstein (2002), p. 41.
Sound design is the art and practice of creating sound tracks for a variety of needs.
In theatre and performing arts, the stage (sometimes referred to as the deck in stagecraft) is a designated space for the performance of productions.
Stage combat or Fight choreography is a specialised technique in theatre designed to create the illusion of physical combat without causing harm to the performers.
The Stage Directors and Choreographers Society (SDC), formerly known as Society of Stage Directors and Choreographers (SSDC), is an independent national labor union established in 1959, representing theatrical directors and choreographers, working on Broadway and on National tours, Off-Broadway, and in various resident, regional, stock and dinner theatres throughout the United States.
Stage management is a broad field that is generally defined as the practice of organization and coordination of an event or theatrical production.
Stagecraft is the technical aspect of theatrical, film, and video production.
Stanislavski's system is a systematic approach to training actors that the Russian theatre practitioner Konstantin Stanislavski developed in the first half of the 20th century.
A stock character is a stereotypical fictional character in a work of art such as a novel, play, or film, whom audiences recognize from frequent recurrences in a particular literary tradition.
Street theatre is a form of theatrical performance and presentation in outdoor public spaces without a specific paying audience.
Sturm und Drang (literally "storm and drive", "storm and urge", though conventionally translated as "storm and stress") was a proto-Romantic movement in German literature and music that occurred between the late 1760s and the early 1780s.
In American theater, summer stock theatre is a theatre that presents stage productions only in the summer.
Symbolism was a late nineteenth-century art movement of French, Russian and Belgian origin in poetry and other arts.
In ancient Greece, the symposium (συμπόσιον symposion or symposio, from συμπίνειν sympinein, "to drink together") was a part of a banquet that took place after the meal, when drinking for pleasure was accompanied by music, dancing, recitals, or conversation.
The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
A tetralogy (from Greek τετρα- tetra-, "four" and -λογία -logia, "discourse") is a compound work that is made up of four distinct works.
Thérèse Raquin is a novel (first published in 1867) and a play (first performed in 1873) by the French writer Émile Zola.
The arts refers to the theory and physical expression of creativity found in human societies and cultures.
The Fantasticks is a 1960 musical with music by Harvey Schmidt and lyrics by Tom Jones.
The Lion King is a musical based on the 1994 Disney animated feature film of the same name with music by Elton John and lyrics by Tim Rice along with the musical score created by Hans Zimmer with choral arrangements by Lebo M. Directed by Julie Taymor, the musical features actors in animal costumes as well as giant, hollow puppets.
The Persians (Πέρσαι, Persai, Latinised as Persae) is an ancient Greek tragedy written during the Classical period of Ancient Greece by the Greek tragedian Aeschylus.
The Phantom of the Opera is a musical with music by Andrew Lloyd Webber and lyrics by Charles Hart and Richard Stilgoe.
The School for Scandal is a play written by Richard Brinsley Sheridan.
The Second City is an improvisational comedy enterprise, best known as the first ever on-going improvisational theater troupe based in Chicago.
A theatre, theater or playhouse, is a structure where theatrical works or plays are performed, or other performances such as musical concerts may be produced.
Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers, typically actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage.
A theatre consultant is a consultant who specializes in the design of facilities for the performing arts, equipment for those facilities and the operation of theatre.
Theatre criticism is a genre of arts criticism, and the act of writing or speaking about the performing arts such as a play or opera.
A theatre director or stage director is an instructor in the theatre field who oversees and orchestrates the mounting of a theatre production (a play, an opera, a musical, or a devised piece of work) by unifying various endeavours and aspects of production.
Theatre for Development (TfD) means live performance, or theater used as a development tool—as in international development.
Theatre music refers to a wide range of music composed or adapted for performance in theatres.
The ancient Greek drama was a theatrical culture that flourished in ancient Greece from c. 700 BC.
Theatre of ancient Rome refers to the time period of theatrical practice and performance in Rome beginning in the 4th century B.C., following the state’s transition from Monarchy to Republic.
The Theatre of Dionysus Eleuthereus is a major theatre in Athens, considered to be the world's first theatre, built at the foot of the Athenian Acropolis.
The earliest form of classical theatre of India was the Sanskrit theatre which came into existence only after the development of Greek and Roman theatres in the west.
The Theatre of the Absurd (théâtre de l'absurde) is a post–World War II designation for particular plays of absurdist fiction written by a number of primarily European playwrights in the late 1950s, as well as one for the style of theatre which has evolved from their work.
The Theatre of the Oppressed (TO) describes theatrical forms that the Brazilian theatre practitioner Augusto Boal first elaborated in the 1970s, initially in Brazil and later in Europe.
Theatre practitioner is a modern term to describe someone who both creates theatrical performances and who produces a theoretical discourse that informs his or her practical work.
Theatre techniques are procedures that facilitate a successful presentation of a play.
Theatre Workshop is a theatre group noted primarily for its long-serving director, Joan Littlewood.
Theatrical makeup is makeup that is used to assist in creating the appearance of the characters that actors portray during a theater production.
A prop, formally known as (theatrical) property, is an object used on stage or on screen by actors during a performance or screen production.
There are four basic theatrical forms either defined, implied, or derived by or from Aristotle: Tragedy; Comedy; Melodrama; and Drama.
Tomson Highway, CM (born 6 December 1951) at The Canadian Encyclopedia.
Touring theatre is independent theatre that travels, often internationally, being presented at a different location in each city.
Tragedy (from the τραγῳδία, tragōidia) is a form of drama based on human suffering that invokes an accompanying catharsis or pleasure in audiences.
Tragicomedy is a literary genre that blends aspects of both tragic and comic forms.
Twentieth-century theatre describes a period of great change within the theatrical culture of the 20th century, mainly in Europe and North America.
A unit production manager (UPM) is the DGA–approved title for the top below-the-line staff position, responsible for the administration of a feature film or television production.
The University of Michigan Press is part of Michigan Publishing at the University of Michigan Library.
The Upright Citizens Brigade is an improvisational and sketch comedy group that emerged from Chicago's ImprovOlympic in 1990.
Variety shows, also known as variety arts or variety entertainment, is entertainment made up of a variety of acts including musical performances, sketch comedy, magic, acrobatics, juggling, and ventriloquism.
Vaudeville is a theatrical genre of variety entertainment.
The Vedas are ancient Sanskrit texts of Hinduism. Above: A page from the ''Atharvaveda''. The Vedas (Sanskrit: वेद, "knowledge") are a large body of knowledge texts originating in the ancient Indian subcontinent.
Vedic and Sanskrit literature comprises the spoken or sung literature of the Vedas from the early-to-mid 2nd to mid 1st millennium BCE, and continues with the oral tradition of the Sanskrit epics of Iron Age India; the golden age of Classical Sanskrit literature dates to Late Antiquity (roughly the 3rd to 8th centuries CE).
The Vedic period, or Vedic age, is the period in the history of the northwestern Indian subcontinent between the end of the urban Indus Valley Civilisation and a second urbanisation in the central Gangetic Plain which began in BCE.
Verse drama is any drama written as verse to be spoken; another possible general term is poetic drama.
Victorian burlesque, sometimes known as travesty or extravaganza, is a genre of theatrical entertainment that was popular in Victorian England and in the New York theatre of the mid 19th century.
Victorien Sardou (5 September 1831 – 8 November 1908) was a French dramatist.
Video design or projection design is a creative field of stagecraft.
Vikramōrvaśīyam (meaning Urvashi Won by Valour) is a five-act Sanskrit play by ancient Indian poet Kalidasa who flourished in the 4th Century CE, on the Vedic love story of king Pururavas and an Apsara, a celestial nymph named Urvashi.
Viola Spolin (November 7, 1906 — November 22, 1994) was a theatre academic, educator and acting coach.
Vsevolod Emilevich Meyerhold (Все́волод Эми́льевич Мейерхо́льд; born Karl Kasimir Theodor Meierhold; 2 February 1940) was a Russian and Soviet theatre director, actor and theatrical producer.
Sir William Schwenck Gilbert (18 November 1836 – 29 May 1911) was an English dramatist, librettist, poet and illustrator best known for his collaboration with composer Arthur Sullivan, which produced fourteen comic operas.
Walter Bendix Schönflies Benjamin (15 July 1892 – 26 September 1940) was a German Jewish philosopher, cultural critic and essayist.
The well-made play (la pièce bien faite, pronounced) is a dramatic genre from nineteenth-century theatre first codified by French dramatist Eugène Scribe.
West End theatre is a common term for mainstream professional theatre staged in the large theatres of "Theatreland" in and near the West End of London.
West Side Story is a musical with a book by Arthur Laurents, music by Leonard Bernstein and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim.
Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Occidental culture, the Western world, Western society, European civilization,is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe.
Wicked is a Broadway musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Schwartz and book by Winnie Holzman.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from grapes fermented without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes, water, or other nutrients.
Xiangsheng, also known as crosstalk, is a traditional Chinese comedic performing arts, and one of China's most popular cultural elements.
The Yuan dynasty, officially the Great Yuan (Yehe Yuan Ulus), was the empire or ruling dynasty of China established by Kublai Khan, leader of the Mongolian Borjigin clan.
Zaju (literally meaning "variety show") was a form of Chinese drama or Chinese opera which provided entertainment through a synthesis of recitations of prose and poetry, dance, singing, and mime, with a certain emphasis on comedy (or, happy endings).
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1601.
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1873.
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1887.
A Theater, Children's Theater, Children's theater, Children's theatre, Entertainment venue, Live theater, Live theatre, Stage productions, Stage theater, Theater, Theater Art, Theater Arts, Theater art, Theater arts, Theater company, Theaters, Theatre Art, Theatre Arts, Theatre Studies, Theatre art, Theatre arts, Theatre companies, Theatre company, Theatrer, Theatres, Theatrical, Theatrical company, Theatrical scene, Theatrics.