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Theatre of France

Index Theatre of France

Discussions about the origins of non-religious theatre ("théâtre profane") -- both drama and farce—in the Middle Ages remain controversial, but the idea of a continuous popular tradition stemming from Latin comedy and tragedy to the 9th century seems unlikely. [1]

241 relations: Académie française, Adam de la Halle, Aelius Donatus, Alain-René Lesage, Alazon, Alexandre Hardy, Alfred Jarry, Amadis (Lully), Andromaque, Antigone, Antoine de Montchrestien, Anton Chekhov, Antonin Artaud, Ariane Mnouchkine, Aristophanes, Aristotle, Armide (Lully), Arthur Adamov, Athalie, Aucassin and Nicolette, Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam, Averroes, Émile Augier, Étienne Jodelle, Bajazet (play), Ballets de cour, Basoche, Bellerose (actor), Berenice (play), Bertolt Brecht, Britannicus, Business is business, Caesura, Cardinal Richelieu, Catharsis, Charles Dullin, Classical unities, Claude Boyer, Claude Deschamps, Cléopâtre captive, Comédie-Française, Comedy of manners, Commedia dell'arte, Couplet, Dada, Decadence, Denis Diderot, Deus ex machina, Don Juan, Esther (drama), ..., Eugène Ionesco, Eugène Marin Labiche, Eugenie (play), Euripides, Eustache Deschamps, Excommunication, Exemplum, Farce, Fernando Arrabal, Fernando de Rojas, Fin de siècle, Florent Carton Dancourt, Floridor, François Hédelin, abbé d'Aubignac, François le Métel de Boisrobert, François Rabelais, French alexandrine, French Renaissance, Friedrich Schiller, Gaston Baty, George Bernard Shaw, George Buchanan, Georges Feydeau, Georges Pitoëff, Gian Giorgio Trissino, Giovanni Battista Giraldi, Giovanni Battista Guarini, Giovanni Boccaccio, Grand Guignol, Guillaume Apollinaire, Hérode et Mariamne, Hôtel de Bourgogne (theatre), Hôtel de Guénégaud, Hôtel du Petit-Bourbon, Henri Meilhac, Hernani (drama), Honorat de Bueil, seigneur de Racan, Horace, Idoménée, In medias res, Iphigénie, Isaac de Benserade, Jacopo Sannazaro, Jacques Grévin, Jacques Pradon, Jansenism, Jean Anouilh, Jean Bodel, Jean de La Chapelle, Jean de La Taille, Jean de Schelandre, Jean Desmarets, Jean Donneau de Visé, Jean Galbert de Campistron, Jean Genet, Jean Giraudoux, Jean Mairet, Jean Moréas, Jean Racine, Jean Rotrou, Jean Vilar, Jean-Antoine de Baïf, Jean-Baptiste Lully, Jean-Baptiste-Louis Gresset, Jean-François Regnard, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Jean-Paul Sartre, Jerusalem Delivered, Jeu de Robin et Marion, Joachim du Bellay, Jorge de Montemor, Jules Romains, Julius Caesar Scaliger, L'Orphelin de la Chine, La Farce de maître Pathelin, La Pléiade, La princesse de Navarre, Latin, Lazare de Baïf, Le Bourgeois gentilhomme, Le Cid, Le Jeu d'Adam, Le Méchant, Le Miracle de Théophile, Les Femmes Savantes, Les Plaideurs, Les Précieuses ridicules, Letter to M. D'Alembert on Spectacles, Liturgical drama, Lodovico Castelvetro, Lope de Vega, Louis Jouvet, Louis XIII of France, Ludovic Halévy, Ludovico Ariosto, Luigi Pirandello, Mahomet (play), Marguerite de Navarre, Marie Champmeslé, Martin Esslin, Maurice Maeterlinck, May 1968, Mellin de Saint-Gelais, Melodrama, Michel Le Clerc, Molière, Monty Python's Flying Circus, Morality play, Muretus, Musketeer, Mystery play, Nanine, Naturalism (theatre), Nicolas de Montreux, Octave Mirbeau, Odet de Turnèbe, Oedipus, Oedipus (Voltaire play), Opera, Orlando Furioso, Padua, Parlement, Passion Play, Pastoral, Pastourelle, Pathos, Paul Scarron, Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Phèdre, Philippe Quinault, Pierre Beaumarchais, Pierre Corneille, Pierre de Larivey, Pierre de Marivaux, Pierre de Ronsard, Pierre du Ryer, Pierre Gringore, Plautus, Plutarch, Précieuses, Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon, Pun, Robert Garnier, Roger Planchon, Rutebeuf, Saint Nicholas, Saint Stephen, Samuel Beckett, Samuel Chappuzeau, Scapin the Schemer, Seneca the Younger, Sophocles, Sophonisba, Sotie, Sperone Speroni, Surrealism, Symbolism (arts), Tartuffe, Tennis court, Terence, Théâtre du Marais, Théâtre du Palais-Royal (rue Saint-Honoré), Théâtre National Populaire, Théophile de Viau, The Barber of Seville (play), The Boy and the Blind Man, The Guilty Mother, The Imaginary Invalid, The Marriage of Figaro (play), The Misanthrope, The Miser, The School for Wives, The Twelve Caesars, The Young Ones (TV series), Theatre of France, Theatre of the Absurd, Theodore Beza, Thomas Chatterton, Thomas Corneille, Thomas Sébillet, Tirso de Molina, Torquato Tasso, Tragedy, Tragicomedy, Tristan l'Hermite, Turcaret, Ubu Roi, Valleran le Conte, Victor Hugo, Voltaire, Zaïre (play). Expand index (191 more) »

Académie française

The Académie française is the pre-eminent French council for matters pertaining to the French language.

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Adam de la Halle

Adam de la Halle, also known as Adam le Bossu (Adam the Hunchback) (1245–50 – 1285–88?, or after 1306) was a French-born trouvère, poet and musician.

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Aelius Donatus

Aelius Donatus (fl. mid-fourth century AD) was a Roman grammarian and teacher of rhetoric.

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Alain-René Lesage

Alain-René Lesage (6 May 166817 November 1747; older spelling Le Sage) was a French novelist and playwright.

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Alazon

Alazṓn (ἀλαζών) is one of three stock characters in comedy of the theatre of ancient Greece.

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Alexandre Hardy

Alexandre Hardy (c. 1570/1572 – 1632) was a French dramatist, one of the most prolific of all time.

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Alfred Jarry

Alfred Jarry (8 September 1873 – 1 November 1907) was a French symbolist writer who is best known for his play Ubu Roi (1896).

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Amadis (Lully)

Amadis or Amadis de Gaule (Amadis of Gaul) is a tragédie en musique in a prologue and five acts by Jean-Baptiste Lully to a libretto by Philippe Quinault based on Nicolas Herberay des Essarts' adaptation of Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo's Amadis de Gaula.

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Andromaque

Andromaque is a tragedy in five acts by the French playwright Jean Racine written in alexandrine verse.

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Antigone

In Greek mythology, Antigone (Ἀντιγόνη) is the daughter of Oedipus and his mother Jocasta.

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Antoine de Montchrestien

Antoine de Montchrestien (or Montchrétien) (c. 15757 or 8 October 1621) was a French soldier, dramatist, adventurer and economist.

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Anton Chekhov

Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (ɐnˈton ˈpavɫəvʲɪtɕ ˈtɕɛxəf; 29 January 1860 – 15 July 1904) was a Russian playwright and short-story writer, who is considered to be among the greatest writers of short fiction in history.

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Antonin Artaud

Antoine Marie Joseph Artaud, better known as Antonin Artaud (4 September 1896 – 4 March 1948), was a French dramatist, poet, essayist, actor, and theatre director, widely recognized as one of the major figures of twentieth-century theatre and the European avant-garde.

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Ariane Mnouchkine

Ariane Mnouchkine (born 3 March 1939) is a French stage director.

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Aristophanes

Aristophanes (Ἀριστοφάνης,; c. 446 – c. 386 BC), son of Philippus, of the deme Kydathenaion (Cydathenaeum), was a comic playwright of ancient Athens.

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Aristotle

Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.

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Armide (Lully)

Armide is an opera by Jean-Baptiste Lully.

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Arthur Adamov

Arthur Adamov (23 August 1908 – 15 March 1970) was a playwright, one of the foremost exponents of the Theatre of the Absurd.

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Athalie

Athalie is a 1691 play, the final tragedy of Jean Racine, and has been described as the masterpiece of "one of the greatest literary artists known" and the "ripest work" of Racine's genius.

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Aucassin and Nicolette

Aucassin et Nicolette (12th or 13th century) is an anonymous medieval French chantefable, or combination of prose and verse (literally, a "sung story", similar to a prosimetrum).

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Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam

Jean-Marie-Mathias-Philippe-Auguste, comte de Villiers de l'Isle-Adam (7 November 1838 – 19 August 1889) was a French symbolist writer.

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Averroes

Ibn Rushd (ابن رشد; full name; 1126 – 11 December 1198), often Latinized as Averroes, was an Andalusian philosopher and thinker who wrote about many subjects, including philosophy, theology, medicine, astronomy, physics, Islamic jurisprudence and law, and linguistics.

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Émile Augier

Guillaume Victor Émile Augier (17 September 1820 – 25 October 1889) was a French dramatist.

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Étienne Jodelle

Étienne Jodelle, seigneur de Limodin (1532 – July 1573), French dramatist and poet, was born in Paris of a noble family.

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Bajazet (play)

Bajazet is a five-act tragedy by Jean Racine written in alexandrine verse and first performed at the Hôtel de Bourgogne theatre in January 1672, after Berenice, and before Mithridate.

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Ballets de cour

Ballet de cour (court ballet) is the name given to ballets performed in the 16th and 17th centuries at courts.

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Basoche

The Basoche was the guild of legal clerks of the Paris court system under the pre-revolutionary French monarchy, from among whom legal representatives (procureurs) were recruited.

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Bellerose (actor)

Bellerose or Belle-Rose (1592 – 1670) was the stage name of the French actor and theatre manager Pierre le Messier.

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Berenice (play)

Berenice (Bérénice) is a five-act tragedy by the French 17th-century playwright Jean Racine.

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Bertolt Brecht

Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht (10 February 1898 – 14 August 1956), known professionally as Bertolt Brecht, was a German theatre practitioner, playwright, and poet.

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Britannicus

Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus (c. 12 February AD 41 – 11 February AD 55), usually called Britannicus, was the son of Roman emperor Claudius and his third wife Valeria Messalina.

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Business is business

Business is business (Les affaires sont les affaires) is a French comedy in three acts, by the novelist and playwright Octave Mirbeau, performed in April 1903 on the stage of Comédie-Française, in Paris, and worldwide acclaimed, especially in Russia, Germany and United States.

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Caesura

An example of a caesura in modern western music notation. A caesura (. caesuras or caesurae; Latin for "cutting"), also written cæsura and cesura, is a break in a verse where one phrase ends and the following phrase begins.

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Cardinal Richelieu

Cardinal Armand Jean du Plessis, 1st Duke of Richelieu and Fronsac (9 September 15854 December 1642), commonly referred to as Cardinal Richelieu (Cardinal de Richelieu), was a French clergyman, nobleman, and statesman.

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Catharsis

Catharsis (from Greek κάθαρσις meaning "purification" or "cleansing") is the purification and purgation of emotions—particularly pity and fear—through art or any extreme change in emotion that results in renewal and restoration.

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Charles Dullin

Charles Dullin (8 May 1885 – 11 December 1949) was a French actor, theater manager and director.

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Classical unities

The classical unities, Aristotelian unities, or three unities are rules for drama derived from a passage in Aristotle's Poetics.

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Claude Boyer

Claude Boyer (1618, Albi – 22 July 1698, Paris) was a French clergyman, playwright, apologist and poet.

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Claude Deschamps

Claude Deschamps, sieur de Villiers (c. 1600 – 23 May 1681 in Chartres), was a 17th-century French actor and playwright.

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Cléopâtre captive

Cléopâtre captive is a five-act tragedy by Étienne Jodelle, presented on 9 February 1553, first before the King Henri II of France in the Hôtel de Reims, then at the Collège de Boncourt.

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Comédie-Française

The Comédie-Française or Théâtre-Français is one of the few state theatres in France and is considered the oldest still-active theatre in the world.

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Comedy of manners

The comedy of manners is a form of comedy that satirizes the manners and affectations of contemporary society and questions societal standards.

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Commedia dell'arte

(comedy of the profession) was an early form of professional theatre, originating from Italy, that was popular in Europe from the 16th through the 18th century.

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Couplet

A couplet is a pair of successive lines of metre in poetry.

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Dada

Dada or Dadaism was an art movement of the European avant-garde in the early 20th century, with early centers in Zürich, Switzerland, at the Cabaret Voltaire (circa 1916); New York Dada began circa 1915, and after 1920 Dada flourished in Paris.

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Decadence

The word decadence, which at first meant simply "decline" in an abstract sense, is now most often used to refer to a perceived decay in standards, morals, dignity, religious faith, or skill at governing among the members of the elite of a very large social structure, such as an empire or nation state.

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Denis Diderot

Denis Diderot (5 October 171331 July 1784) was a French philosopher, art critic, and writer, best known for serving as co-founder, chief editor, and contributor to the Encyclopédie along with Jean le Rond d'Alembert.

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Deus ex machina

Deus ex machina (or; plural: dei ex machina) is a plot device whereby a seemingly unsolvable problem in a story is suddenly and abruptly resolved by an unexpected and seemingly unlikely occurrence, typically so much as to seem contrived.

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Don Juan

Don Juan (Spanish), also Don Giovanni (Italian), is a legendary, fictional libertine.

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Esther (drama)

Esther is a play in three acts written in 1689 by the French dramatist, Jean Racine.

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Eugène Ionesco

Eugène Ionesco (born Eugen Ionescu,; 26 November 1909 – 28 March 1994) was a Romanian-French playwright who wrote mostly in French, and one of the foremost figures of the French Avant-garde theatre.

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Eugène Marin Labiche

Eugène Marin Labiche (5 May 1815 – 23 January 1888) was a French dramatist, perhaps best known for his 1851 farce written with Marc-Michel, The Italian Straw Hat, which has since been adapted many times to stage and screen.

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Eugenie (play)

Eugénie is a play in five acts by Pierre Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais.

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Euripides

Euripides (Εὐριπίδης) was a tragedian of classical Athens.

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Eustache Deschamps

Eustache Deschamps (1346 — 1406 or 1407), was a French poet, byname Morel, in French "Nightshade".

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Excommunication

Excommunication is an institutional act of religious censure used to deprive, suspend, or limit membership in a religious community or to restrict certain rights within it, in particular receiving of the sacraments.

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Exemplum

An exemplum (Latin for "example", pl. exempla, exempli gratia.

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Farce

In theatre, a farce is a comedy that aims at entertaining the audience through situations that are highly exaggerated, extravagant, and thus improbable.

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Fernando Arrabal

Fernando Arrabal Terán (born August 11, 1932) is a Spanish playwright, screenwriter, film director, novelist and poet.

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Fernando de Rojas

Fernando de Rojas (La Puebla de Montalbán, Toledo, Spain, c. 1465/73 – Talavera de la Reina, Toledo, Spain, April 1541) was a Spanish author and dramatist, known for his only surviving work, La Celestina (originally titled Tragicomedia de Calisto y Melibea), first published in 1499.

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Fin de siècle

Fin de siècle is a French term meaning end of the century, a term which typically encompasses both the meaning of the similar English idiom turn of the century and also makes reference to the closing of one era and onset of another.

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Florent Carton Dancourt

Florent Carton aka Dancourt (1 November 16617 December 1725), French dramatist and actor, was born at Fontainebleau.

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Floridor

Josias de Soûlas, known as "Floridor", Sieur de Prinefosse (c.1608-14 August 1671) was a French actor.

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François Hédelin, abbé d'Aubignac

François Hédelin, abbé d'Aubignac (4 August 1604 in Paris – 27 July 1676) was a French author and cleric.

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François le Métel de Boisrobert

François le Métel de Boisrobert (1 August 1592 – 30 March 1662) was a French poet, playwright, and courtier.

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François Rabelais

François Rabelais (between 1483 and 1494 – 9 April 1553) was a French Renaissance writer, physician, Renaissance humanist, monk and Greek scholar.

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French alexandrine

The French alexandrine (alexandrin) is a syllabic poetic meter of (nominally and typically) 12 syllables with a medial caesura dividing the line into two hemistichs (half-lines) of six syllables each.

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French Renaissance

The French Renaissance was the cultural and artistic movement in France between the 15th and early 17th centuries.

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Friedrich Schiller

Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (10 November 17599 May 1805) was a German poet, philosopher, physician, historian, and playwright.

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Gaston Baty

Gaston Baty (26 May 1885 in Pélussin, Loire – 13 October 1952), whose full name was Jean-Baptiste-Marie-Gaston Baty, was a French playwright and theatre director.

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George Bernard Shaw

George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856 – 2 November 1950), known at his insistence simply as Bernard Shaw, was an Irish playwright, critic, polemicist, and political activist.

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George Buchanan

George Buchanan (Seòras Bochanan; February 1506 – 28 September 1582) was a Scottish historian and humanist scholar.

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Georges Feydeau

Georges Feydeau (8 December 1862 – 5 June 1921) was a French playwright of the era known as the Belle Époque.

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Georges Pitoëff

Georges Pitoëff was born on 4 September 1884 in Tiflis (now Tbilisi, Georgia), then in Russia, and died on 17 September 1939 in Bellevue, near Geneva, Switzerland.

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Gian Giorgio Trissino

Gian Giorgio Trissino (8 July 1478 – 8 December 1550), also called Giovan Giorgio Trissino, was an Italian Renaissance humanist, poet, dramatist, diplomat, and grammarian.

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Giovanni Battista Giraldi

Giovanni Battista Giraldi (12 November 1504 – 30 December 1573) was an Italian novelist and poet.

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Giovanni Battista Guarini

Giovanni Battista Guarini (10 December 1538 – 7 October 1612) was an Italian poet, dramatist, and diplomat.

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Giovanni Boccaccio

Giovanni Boccaccio (16 June 1313 – 21 December 1375) was an Italian writer, poet, correspondent of Petrarch, and an important Renaissance humanist.

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Grand Guignol

Le Théâtre du Grand-Guignol ("The Theatre of the Great Puppet") — known as the Grand Guignol — was a theatre in the Pigalle area of Paris (at 20 bis). From its opening in 1897 until its closing in 1962, it specialised in naturalistic horror shows.

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Guillaume Apollinaire

Guillaume Apollinaire (26 August 1880 – 9 November 1918) was a French poet, playwright, short story writer, novelist, and art critic of Polish descent.

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Hérode et Mariamne

Hérode et Mariamne or Mariamne is a 1724 tragedy by Voltaire.

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Hôtel de Bourgogne (theatre)

Hôtel de Bourgogne was the name of a former theatre, built in 1548 for the first authorized theatre troupe in Paris, the Confrérie de la Passion.

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Hôtel de Guénégaud

Hôtel de Guénégaud refers to one of several 17th-century hôtels particulier, or large townhouses, in Paris.

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Hôtel du Petit-Bourbon

The Hôtel du Petit-Bourbon, a former Parisian town house of the royal family of Bourbon, was located on the right bank of the Seine on the rue d'Autriche, between the Louvre to the west and the Church of Saint-Germain l'Auxerrois to the east.

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Henri Meilhac

Henri Meilhac (23 February 1830 – 6 July 1897) was a French dramatist and opera librettist.

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Hernani (drama)

Hernani (Full title: Hernani, ou l'Honneur Castillan) is a drama by the French romantic author Victor Hugo.

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Honorat de Bueil, seigneur de Racan

Honorat de Bueil, seigneur de Racan (sometimes mistakenly listed as "marquis de Racan", although he never held this title) (5 February 1589 – 21 January 1670) was a French aristocrat, soldier, poet, dramatist and (original) member of the Académie française.

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Horace

Quintus Horatius Flaccus (December 8, 65 BC – November 27, 8 BC), known in the English-speaking world as Horace, was the leading Roman lyric poet during the time of Augustus (also known as Octavian).

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Idoménée

Idoménée (English: Idomeneus) is an opera by the French composer André Campra.

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In medias res

A narrative work beginning in medias res (lit. "into the middle of things") opens in the midst of action (cf. ab ovo, ab initio).

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Iphigénie

Iphigénie is a dramatic tragedy in five acts written in alexandrine verse by the French playwright Jean Racine.

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Isaac de Benserade

Isaac de Benserade (baptized 5 November 161310 October 1691) was a French poet.

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Jacopo Sannazaro

Jacopo Sannazaro (28 July 1458 – 6 August 1530) was an Italian poet, humanist and epigrammist from Naples.

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Jacques Grévin

Jacques Grévin (c. 1539 – November 1570) was a French playwright.

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Jacques Pradon

Jacques Pradon, often called Nicolas Pradon (1632 – 14 January 1698), was a French playwright.

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Jansenism

Jansenism was a Catholic theological movement, primarily in France, that emphasized original sin, human depravity, the necessity of divine grace, and predestination.

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Jean Anouilh

Jean Marie Lucien Pierre Anouilh (23 June 1910 – 3 October 1987) was a French dramatist whose career spanned five decades.

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Jean Bodel

Jean Bodel (c. 1165 – c. 1210), was an Old French poet who wrote a number of chansons de geste as well as many fabliaux.

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Jean de La Chapelle

Jean de La Chapelle (24 October 1651 – 29 May 1723) was a French writer and dramatist.

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Jean de La Taille

Jean de La Taille (c.1540 - c.1607) was a French poet and dramatist born in Bondaroy.

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Jean de Schelandre

Jean de Schelandre (c.1585 – 18 October 1635), Seigneur de Saumazènes, was a French poet.

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Jean Desmarets

Jean Desmarets, Sieur de Saint-Sorlin (1595 – 28 October 1676) was a French writer and dramatist.

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Jean Donneau de Visé

Jean Donneau de Visé (1638 – 8 July 1710) was a French journalist, royal historian ("historiographe du roi"), playwright and publicist.

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Jean Galbert de Campistron

Jean Galbert de Campistron (3 August 1656 – 11 May 1723) was a French dramatist.

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Jean Genet

Jean Genet (–) was a French novelist, playwright, poet, essayist, and political activist.

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Jean Giraudoux

Hippolyte Jean Giraudoux (29 October 1882 – 31 January 1944) was a French novelist, essayist, diplomat and playwright.

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Jean Mairet

Jean (de) Mairet (10 May 160431 January 1686) was a classical French dramatist who wrote both tragedies and comedies.

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Jean Moréas

Jean Moréas (born Ioannis A. Papadiamantopoulos, Ιωάννης Α. Παπαδιαμαντόπουλος; 15 April 1856 – 31 March 1910), was a Greek poet, essayist, and art critic, who wrote mostly in the French language but also in Greek during his youth.

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Jean Racine

Jean Racine, baptismal name Jean-Baptiste Racine (22 December 163921 April 1699), was a French dramatist, one of the three great playwrights of 17th-century France (along with Molière and Corneille), and an important literary figure in the Western tradition.

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Jean Rotrou

Jean Rotrou (21 August 1609 – 28 June 1650) was a French poet and tragedian.

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Jean Vilar

Jean Vilar (25 March 1912, Sète, Hérault – 28 May 1971, Sète, Hérault) was a French actor and theatre director.

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Jean-Antoine de Baïf

Jean Antoine de Baïf (19 February 1532 – 19 September 1589) was a French poet and member of the Pléiade.

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Jean-Baptiste Lully

Jean-Baptiste Lully (born Giovanni Battista Lulli,; 28 November 1632 – 22 March 1687) was an Italian-born French composer, instrumentalist, and dancer who spent most of his life working in the court of Louis XIV of France.

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Jean-Baptiste-Louis Gresset

Jean-Baptiste-Louis Gresset (August 29, 1709 – June 16, 1777) was a French poet and dramatist, best known for his poem Vert-Vert.

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Jean-François Regnard

Jean-François Regnard (7 February 1655 – 4 September 1709), "the most distinguished, after Molière, of the comic poets of the seventeenth century", was a dramatist, born in Paris, who is equally famous now for the travel diary he kept of a voyage in 1681.

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778) was a Genevan philosopher, writer and composer.

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Jean-Paul Sartre

Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic.

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Jerusalem Delivered

Jerusalem Delivered (La Gerusalemme liberata) is an epic poem by the Italian poet Torquato Tasso, first published in 1581, that tells a largely mythified version of the First Crusade in which Christian knights, led by Godfrey of Bouillon, battle Muslims in order to take Jerusalem.

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Jeu de Robin et Marion

Le Jeu de Robin et de Marion is reputedly the earliest French secular play with music, written in around 1282 or 1283, and is the most famous work of Adam de la Halle.

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Joachim du Bellay

Joachim du Bellay (also Joachim Du Bellay;; c. 1522 – 1 January 1560) was a French poet, critic, and a member of the Pléiade.

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Jorge de Montemor

Jorge de Montemor (Jorge de Montemayor) (1520? – 26 February 1561) was a Portuguese novelist and poet, who wrote almost exclusively in Spanish.

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Jules Romains

Jules Romains, born Louis Henri Jean Farigoule (26 August 1885 – 14 August 1972), was a French poet and writer and the founder of the Unanimism literary movement.

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Julius Caesar Scaliger

Julius Caesar Scaliger (April 23, 1484 – October 21, 1558), or Giulio Cesare della Scala, was an Italian scholar and physician, who spent a major part of his career in France.

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L'Orphelin de la Chine

L'Orphelin de la Chine (The Orphan of China) is a 1753 French play by Voltaire based on The Orphan of Zhao, a thirteenth-century Chinese play attributed to Ji Junxiang.

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La Farce de maître Pathelin

La Farce de maître Pathelin (in English The Farce of Master Pathelin; sometimes La Farce de maître Pierre Pathelin, La Farce de Pathelin, Farce Maître Pierre Pathelin, or Farce de Maître Pathelin) is a fifteenth-century (1457) anonymous medieval farce written originally in French.

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La Pléiade

La Pléiade is the name given to a group of 16th-century French Renaissance poets whose principal members were Pierre de Ronsard, Joachim du Bellay and Jean-Antoine de Baïf.

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La princesse de Navarre

La princesse de Navarre (The Princess of Navarre) is a comédie-ballet with music by Jean-Philippe Rameau and words by Voltaire, first performed on 23 February 1745 at La Grande Ecurie, Versailles.

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Latin

Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Lazare de Baïf

Lazare de Baïf (1496–1547) was a French diplomat and humanist.

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Le Bourgeois gentilhomme

Le Bourgeois gentilhomme (The Bourgeois Gentleman or The Middle-Class Aristocrat or The Would-Be Noble) is a five-act comédie-ballet—a play intermingled with music, dance and singing—written by Molière, first presented on 14 October 1670 before the court of Louis XIV at the Château of Chambord by Molière's troupe of actors.

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Le Cid

Le Cid is a five-act French tragicomedy written by Pierre Corneille, first performed in December 1636 at the Théâtre du Marais in Paris and published the same year.

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Le Jeu d'Adam

Le Jeu d'Adam (Latin: Ordo representacionis Adae, English: The Play of Adam) is a twelfth-century liturgical drama written in the Anglo Norman dialect of Medieval French.

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Le Méchant

Le Méchant (French: The Villain) is a 1747 play by Jean-Baptiste-Louis Gresset.

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Le Miracle de Théophile

Le Miracle de Théophile (The Miracle of Theophilus) is a thirteenth-century miracle play written in Langues d'oïl, circa 1261 by the trouvère Rutebeuf.

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Les Femmes Savantes

Les Femmes savantes (The Learned Ladies) is a comedy by Molière in five acts, written in verse.

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Les Plaideurs

Les Plaideurs, or The Litigants, written in 1668 and published in 1669, is a comedy in three acts with respectively 8, 14, and 4 scenes in alexandrine verse by Jean Racine.

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Les Précieuses ridicules

Les Précieuses ridicules (The Ridiculous Précieuses or The Affected Ladies) is a one-act satire by Molière in prose.

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Letter to M. D'Alembert on Spectacles

Letter to M. D'Alembert on Spectacles (Lettre a M. D'Alembert sur les spectacles) is a 1758 essay written by Jean-Jacques Rousseau in opposition to an article published in the Encyclopédie by Jean d'Alembert, that proposed the establishment of a theatre in Geneva.

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Liturgical drama

Liturgical drama or religious drama, in its various Christian contexts, originates from the Mass itself, and usually presents a relatively complex ritual that includes theatrical elements.

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Lodovico Castelvetro

Lodovico Castelvetro (ca. 1505 in Modena – 1571 in Chiavenna) was an important figure in the development of neo-classicism, especially in drama.

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Lope de Vega

Lope Félix de Vega y Carpio (25 November 156227 August 1635) was a Spanish playwright, poet, novelist and marine.

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Louis Jouvet

Jules Eugène Louis Jouvet (24 December 1887 – 16 August 1951) was a French actor, director, and theatre director.

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Louis XIII of France

Louis XIII (27 September 1601 – 14 May 1643) was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1610 to 1643 and King of Navarre (as Louis II) from 1610 to 1620, when the crown of Navarre was merged with the French crown.

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Ludovic Halévy

Ludovic Halévy (1 January 1834 – 7 May 1908) was a French author and playwright.

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Ludovico Ariosto

Ludovico Ariosto (8 September 1474 – 6 July 1533) was an Italian poet.

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Luigi Pirandello

Luigi Pirandello (28 June 1867 – 10 December 1936) was an Italian dramatist, novelist, poet, and short story writer whose greatest contributions were his plays.

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Mahomet (play)

Mahomet (Le fanatisme, ou Mahomet le Prophète, literally Fanaticism, or Mahomet the Prophet) is a five-act tragedy written in 1736 by French playwright and philosopher Voltaire.

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Marguerite de Navarre

Marguerite de Navarre (Marguerite d'Angoulême, Marguerite d'Alençon; 11 April 149221 December 1549), also known as Marguerite of Angoulême and Margaret of Navarre, was the princess of France, Queen of Navarre, and Duchess of Alençon and Berry.

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Marie Champmeslé

Marie Champmeslé (18 February 1642 – 15 May 1698) was a 17th-century French actress.

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Martin Esslin

Martin Julius Esslin OBE (6 June 1918 – 24 February 2002) was a Hungarian-born English producer, dramatist, journalist, adaptor and translator, critic, academic scholar and professor of drama, best known for coining the term "Theatre of the Absurd" in his work of the same name (Theatre of the Absurd; 1962).

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Maurice Maeterlinck

Maurice Polydore Marie Bernard Maeterlinck (also called Comte (Count) Maeterlinck from 1932; in Belgium, in France; 29 August 1862 – 6 May 1949) was a Belgian playwright, poet, and essayist who was Flemish but wrote in French.

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May 1968

The following events occurred in May 1968.

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Mellin de Saint-Gelais

Mellin de Saint-Gelais (or Melin de Saint-Gelays or Sainct-Gelais; c. 1491 – October, 1558) was a French poet of the Renaissance and Poet Laureate of Francis I of France.

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Melodrama

A melodrama is a dramatic work in which the plot, which is typically sensational and designed to appeal strongly to the emotions, takes precedence over detailed characterization.

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Michel Le Clerc

Michel Le Clerc (1622, Albi – 8 December 1691) was a French lawyer and dramatist.

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Molière

Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, known by his stage name Molière (15 January 162217 February 1673), was a French playwright, actor and poet, widely regarded as one of the greatest writers in the French language and universal literature.

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Monty Python's Flying Circus

Monty Python’s Flying Circus (known during the final series as just Monty Python) is a British sketch comedy series created by the comedy group Monty Python and broadcast by the BBC from 1969 to 1974.

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Morality play

The morality play is a genre of Medieval and early Tudor theatrical entertainment.

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Muretus

Muretus is the Latinized name of Marc Antoine Muret (12 April 1526 – 4 June 1585), a French humanist who was among the revivers of a Ciceronian Latin style and is among the usual candidates for the best Latin prose stylist of the Renaissance.

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Musketeer

A musketeer (mousquetaire) was a type of soldier equipped with a musket.

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Mystery play

Mystery plays and miracle plays (they are distinguished as two different forms although the terms are often used interchangeably) are among the earliest formally developed plays in medieval Europe.

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Nanine

Nanine is a 1749 play by the French writer Voltaire.

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Naturalism (theatre)

Naturalism is a movement in European drama and theatre that developed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

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Nicolas de Montreux

Nicolas de Montreux (c. 1561–1608) was a French nobleman, novelist, poet, translator and dramatist.

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Octave Mirbeau

Octave Mirbeau (16 February 1848 – 16 February 1917) was a French journalist, art critic, travel writer, pamphleteer, novelist, and playwright, who achieved celebrity in Europe and great success among the public, while still appealing to the literary and artistic avant-garde.

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Odet de Turnèbe

Odet de Turnèbe (23 October 1552 – 20 July 1581) was a French dramatist.

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Oedipus

Oedipus (Οἰδίπους Oidípous meaning "swollen foot") was a mythical Greek king of Thebes.

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Oedipus (Voltaire play)

Oedipus (Œdipe) is a tragedy by the French dramatist and philosopher Voltaire that was first performed in 1718.

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Opera

Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.

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Orlando Furioso

Orlando Furioso ("The Frenzy of Orlando", more literally "Raging Roland"; in Italian titled "Orlando furioso" as the "F" is never capitalized) is an Italian epic poem by Ludovico Ariosto which has exerted a wide influence on later culture.

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Padua

Padua (Padova; Pàdova) is a city and comune in Veneto, northern Italy.

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Parlement

A parlement, in the Ancien Régime of France, was a provincial appellate court.

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Passion Play

The Passion Play or Easter pageant (senakulo) is a dramatic presentation depicting the Passion of Jesus Christ: his trial, suffering and death.

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Pastoral

A pastoral lifestyle (see pastoralism) is that of shepherds herding livestock around open areas of land according to seasons and the changing availability of water and pasture.

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Pastourelle

The pastourelle (also pastorelle, pastorella, or pastorita is a typically Old French lyric form concerning the romance of a shepherdess. In most of the early pastourelles, the poet knight meets a shepherdess who bests him in a battle of wit and who displays general coyness. The narrator usually has sexual relations, either consensual or rape, with the shepherdess, and there is a departure or escape. Later developments moved toward pastoral poetry by having a shepherd and sometimes a love quarrel. The form originated with the troubadour poets of the 12th century and particularly with the poet Marcabru (pastorela). This troubadour form melded with goliard poetry and was practiced in France and Occitania until the Carmina Burana of c. 1230. In Spanish literature, the pastourelle influenced the serranilla, and fifteenth century pastourelles exist in French, German, English, and Welsh. One short Scots example is Robene and Makyne. Adam de la Halle's Jeu de Robin et Marion (the game of Robin and Maid Marion) is a dramatization of a pastourelle, and as late as Edmund Spenser the pastourelle is referred to in book six of Faerie Queene. Child's ballads gives an example in The Baffled Knight.

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Pathos

Pathos (plural: pathea;, for "suffering" or "experience"; adjectival form: 'pathetic' from παθητικός) represents an appeal to the emotions of the audience, and elicits feelings that already reside in them.

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Paul Scarron

Paul Scarron (c. 1 July 1610 in Paris – 6 October 1660 in Paris) (a.k.a. Monsieur Scarron) was a French poet, dramatist, and novelist, born in Paris.

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Pedro Calderón de la Barca

Pedro Calderón de la Barca y Barreda González de Henao Ruiz de Blasco y Riaño, usually referred as Pedro Calderón de la Barca (17 January 160025 May 1681), was a dramatist, poet and writer of the Spanish Golden Age.

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Phèdre

Phèdre (originally Phèdre et Hippolyte) is a French dramatic tragedy in five acts written in alexandrine verse by Jean Racine, first performed in 1677 at the theatre of the Hôtel de Bourgogne in Paris.

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Philippe Quinault

Philippe Quinault (3 June 1635 – 26 November 1688), French dramatist and librettist, was born in Paris.

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Pierre Beaumarchais

Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais (24 January 1732 – 18 May 1799) was a French polymath.

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Pierre Corneille

Pierre Corneille (Rouen, 6 June 1606 – Paris, 1 October 1684) was a French tragedian.

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Pierre de Larivey

Pierre de Larivey (20 July 1549 – 12 February 1619) was a French dramatist of Italian origin.

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Pierre de Marivaux

Pierre Carlet de Chamblain de Marivaux (4 February 1688 – 12 February 1763), commonly referred to as Marivaux, was a French novelist and dramatist.

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Pierre de Ronsard

Pierre de Ronsard (11 September 1524 – 27 December 1585) was a French poet or, as his own generation in France called him, a "prince of poets".

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Pierre du Ryer

Pierre du Ryer (1606 – 6 November 1658) was a French dramatist.

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Pierre Gringore

Pierre Gringore (1475? – 1538) was a popular French poet and playwright.

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Plautus

Titus Maccius Plautus (c. 254 – 184 BC), commonly known as Plautus, was a Roman playwright of the Old Latin period.

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Plutarch

Plutarch (Πλούταρχος, Ploútarkhos,; c. CE 46 – CE 120), later named, upon becoming a Roman citizen, Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus, (Λούκιος Μέστριος Πλούταρχος) was a Greek biographer and essayist, known primarily for his Parallel Lives and Moralia.

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Précieuses

The French literary style called préciosité (preciousness) arose in the 17th century from the lively conversations and playful word games of les précieuses, the witty and educated intellectual ladies who frequented the salon of Catherine de Vivonne, marquise de Rambouillet; her Chambre bleue (the "blue room" of her hôtel particulier) offered a Parisian refuge from the dangerous political factionalism and coarse manners of the royal court during the minority of Louis XIV.

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Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon

Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon (13 January 1674 – 17 June 1762) was a French poet and tragedian.

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Pun

The pun, also called paronomasia, is a form of word play that exploits multiple meanings of a term, or of similar-sounding words, for an intended humorous or rhetorical effect.

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Robert Garnier

Robert Garnier (1544 – 20 September 1590) was a French tragic poet.

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Roger Planchon

Roger Planchon (born on 12 September 1931 in Saint-Chamond, Loire, died on 12 May 2009 in Paris), was a French playwright, director, filmmaker.

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Rutebeuf

Rutebeuf (or Rustebuef) (fl. 1245 – 1285) was a French trouvère (poet-composers who worked in France's northern dialects).

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Saint Nicholas

Saint Nicholas (Ἅγιος Νικόλαος,, Sanctus Nicolaus; 15 March 270 – 6 December 343), also called Nikolaos of Myra or Nicholas of Bari, was Bishop of Myra, in Asia Minor (modern-day Demre, Turkey), and is a historic Christian saint.

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Saint Stephen

Stephen (Στέφανος Stéphanos, meaning "wreath, crown" and by extension "reward, honor", often given as a title rather than as a name), (c. AD 5 – c. AD 34) traditionally venerated as the protomartyr or first martyr of Christianity,, St.

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Samuel Beckett

Samuel Barclay Beckett (13 April 1906 – 22 December 1989) was an Irish avant-garde novelist, playwright, theatre director, poet, and literary translator who lived in Paris for most of his adult life.

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Samuel Chappuzeau

Samuel Chappuzeau (16 June 1625, Paris – 31 August 1701) was a French scholar, author, poet and playwright whose best-known work today is Le Théâtre François, a description of French Theatre in the seventeenth century.

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Scapin the Schemer

Scapin the Schemer (Les Fourberies de Scapin) is a three-act comedy of intrigue by the French playwright Molière.

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Seneca the Younger

Seneca the Younger AD65), fully Lucius Annaeus Seneca and also known simply as Seneca, was a Roman Stoic philosopher, statesman, dramatist, and—in one work—satirist of the Silver Age of Latin literature.

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Sophocles

Sophocles (Σοφοκλῆς, Sophoklēs,; 497/6 – winter 406/5 BC)Sommerstein (2002), p. 41.

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Sophonisba

Sophonisba (also Sophonisbe, Sophoniba; in Punic, 𐤑𐤐𐤍𐤁𐤏𐤋 Ṣap̄anbaʿal) (fl. 203 BC) was a Carthaginian noblewoman who lived during the Second Punic War, and the daughter of Hasdrubal Gisco Gisgonis (son of Gisco).

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Sotie

A sotie (or sottie) is a short satirical play common in 15th- and 16th-century in France.

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Sperone Speroni

Sperone Speroni degli Alvarotti (1500–1588) was an Italian Renaissance humanist, scholar and dramatist.

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Surrealism

Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings.

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Symbolism (arts)

Symbolism was a late nineteenth-century art movement of French, Russian and Belgian origin in poetry and other arts.

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Tartuffe

Tartuffe, or The Impostor, or The Hypocrite (Tartuffe, ou l'Imposteur), first performed in 1664, is one of the most famous theatrical comedies by Molière.

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Tennis court

A tennis court is the venue where the sport of tennis is played.

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Terence

Publius Terentius Afer (c. 195/185 – c. 159? BC), better known in English as Terence, was a Roman playwright during the Roman Republic, of Berber descent.

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Théâtre du Marais

The Théâtre du Marais has been the name of several theatres and theatrical troupes in Paris, France.

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Théâtre du Palais-Royal (rue Saint-Honoré)

The Théâtre du Palais-Royal (or Salle du Palais-Royal) on the rue Saint-Honoré in Paris was a theatre in the east wing of the Palais-Royal, which opened on 14 January 1641 with a performance of Jean Desmarets' tragicomedy Mirame.

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Théâtre National Populaire

The Théâtre national populaire (French for People's National Theater) is a theatre now at Villeurbanne, France.

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Théophile de Viau

Théophile de Viau (1590 – 25 September 1626) was a French Baroque poet and dramatist.

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The Barber of Seville (play)

The Barber of Seville or the Useless Precaution (Le Barbier de Séville ou la Précaution inutile) is a French play by Pierre Beaumarchais, with original music by Antoine-Laurent Baudron.

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The Boy and the Blind Man

The Boy and the Blind Man (Le Garçon et l'aveugle) is the name of a 13th-century French play; considered the oldest surviving French farce.

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The Guilty Mother

The Guilty Mother subtitled The Other Tartuffe is the third play of the Figaro trilogy by Pierre Beaumarchais; its predecessors were ''The Barber of Seville'' and ''The Marriage of Figaro''.

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The Imaginary Invalid

The Imaginary Invalid (Le malade imaginaire) is a three-act comédie-ballet by the French playwright Molière with dance sequences and musical interludes by Marc-Antoine Charpentier.

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The Marriage of Figaro (play)

The Marriage of Figaro (La Folle Journée, ou Le Mariage de Figaro ("The Mad Day, or The Marriage of Figaro")) is a comedy in five acts, written in 1778 by Pierre Beaumarchais.

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The Misanthrope

The Misanthrope, or the Cantankerous Lover (Le Misanthrope ou l'Atrabilaire amoureux) is a 17th-century comedy of manners in verse written by Molière.

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The Miser

The Miser (L'Avare) is a five-act comedy in prose by the French playwright Molière.

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The School for Wives

The School for Wives (L'école des femmes) is a theatrical comedy written by the seventeenth century French playwright Molière and considered by some critics to be one of his finest achievements.

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The Twelve Caesars

De vita Caesarum (Latin; literal translation: About the Life of the Caesars), commonly known as The Twelve Caesars, is a set of twelve biographies of Julius Caesar and the first 11 emperors of the Roman Empire written by Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus.

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The Young Ones (TV series)

The Young Ones is a British sitcom, broadcast in the United Kingdom from 1982 to 1984 in two six-part series.

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Theatre of France

Discussions about the origins of non-religious theatre ("théâtre profane") -- both drama and farce—in the Middle Ages remain controversial, but the idea of a continuous popular tradition stemming from Latin comedy and tragedy to the 9th century seems unlikely.

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Theatre of the Absurd

The Theatre of the Absurd (théâtre de l'absurde) is a post–World War II designation for particular plays of absurdist fiction written by a number of primarily European playwrights in the late 1950s, as well as one for the style of theatre which has evolved from their work.

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Theodore Beza

Theodore Beza (Theodorus Beza; Théodore de Bèze or de Besze; June 24, 1519 – October 13, 1605) was a French Reformed Protestant theologian, reformer and scholar who played an important role in the Reformation.

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Thomas Chatterton

Thomas Chatterton (20 November 1752 – 24 August 1770) was an English poet whose precocious talents ended in suicide at age 17.

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Thomas Corneille

Thomas Corneille (20 August 1625 – 8 December 1709) was a French dramatist.

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Thomas Sébillet

Thomas Sébillet (1512–1589) was a French jurist, an essayist and a neo-Platonist grammarian.

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Tirso de Molina

Tirso de Molina (24 March 1579 – 12 March 1648) was a Spanish Baroque dramatist, poet and Roman Catholic monk.

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Torquato Tasso

Torquato Tasso (11 March 1544 – 25 April 1595) was an Italian poet of the 16th century, best known for his poem Gerusalemme liberata (Jerusalem Delivered, 1581), in which he depicts a highly imaginative version of the combats between Christians and Muslims at the end of the First Crusade, during the Siege of Jerusalem.

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Tragedy

Tragedy (from the τραγῳδία, tragōidia) is a form of drama based on human suffering that invokes an accompanying catharsis or pleasure in audiences.

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Tragicomedy

Tragicomedy is a literary genre that blends aspects of both tragic and comic forms.

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Tristan l'Hermite

Tristan l'Hermite (died c. 1478) was a French political and military figure of the late Middle Ages.

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Turcaret

Turcaret (or Le Financier) is a comedy by Alain-René Lesage, first produced on 14 February 1709 at the Comédie-Française in Paris.

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Ubu Roi

Ubu Roi (Ubu the King or King Ubu) is a play by Alfred Jarry.

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Valleran le Conte

Valleran le Conte or Valleran-Lecomte (fl. 1590 – c. 1615) was an influential French actor-manager and is one of the earliest for whom documentation exists.

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Victor Hugo

Victor Marie Hugo (26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement.

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Voltaire

François-Marie Arouet (21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on Christianity as a whole, especially the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech and separation of church and state.

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Zaïre (play)

Zaïre (The Tragedy of Zara) is a five-act tragedy in verse by Voltaire.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theatre_of_France

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