Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!

Theodosius I

Index Theodosius I

Theodosius I (Flavius Theodosius Augustus; Θεοδόσιος Αʹ; 11 January 347 – 17 January 395), also known as Theodosius the Great, was Roman Emperor from AD 379 to AD 395, as the last emperor to rule over both the eastern and the western halves of the Roman Empire. On accepting his elevation, he campaigned against Goths and other barbarians who had invaded the empire. His resources were not equal to destroy them, and by the treaty which followed his modified victory at the end of the Gothic War, they were established as Foederati, autonomous allies of the Empire, south of the Danube, in Illyricum, within the empire's borders. He was obliged to fight two destructive civil wars, successively defeating the usurpers Magnus Maximus and Eugenius, not without material cost to the power of the empire. He also issued decrees that effectively made Nicene Christianity the official state church of the Roman Empire."Edict of Thessalonica": See Codex Theodosianus XVI.1.2 He neither prevented nor punished the destruction of prominent Hellenistic temples of classical antiquity, including the Temple of Apollo in Delphi and the Serapeum in Alexandria. He dissolved the order of the Vestal Virgins in Rome. In 393, he banned the pagan rituals of the Olympics in Ancient Greece. After his death, Theodosius' young sons Arcadius and Honorius inherited the east and west halves respectively, and the Roman Empire was never again re-united, though Eastern Roman emperors after Zeno would claim the united title after Julius Nepos' death in 480 AD. [1]

158 relations: Abundantius (consul), Aelia Flaccilla, Alaric I, Alatheus and Saphrax, Alemanni, Alexandria, Altar of Victory, Ambrose, Anastasius I Dicorus, Ancient Olympic Games, Arbogast (general), Arcadius, Arianism, Arius, Auditorium, Augury, Ausonius, Barbarian, Bastarnae, Battle of Adrianople, Battle of the Frigidus, Battle of the Save, Bora (wind), Byzantine Empire, Capital punishment, Cappadocia, Cappadocian Fathers, Carpi (people), Catholic Church, Caucasus, Christianity, Christology, Church of Alexandria, Classical Latin, Claudian, Coca, Segovia, Codex Theodosianus, Conceptual art, Constantine the Great, Constantinople, Constantius II, Count Theodosius, Dacia, Dalmatia (Roman province), Danube, David, De fide Catolica, Delphi, Demophilus of Constantinople, Diocese, ..., Dux, Edema, Edict of Thessalonica, Egypt, Eugenius, Eutropius (historian), Fall of the Western Roman Empire, Family tree of the Roman emperors, First Council of Constantinople, First Council of Nicaea, Foederati, Forum of Theodosius, Galicia (Spain), Galla (wife of Theodosius I), Galla Placidia, Gallaecia, Gaul, Gothic War (376–382), Goths, Gratian, Great Conspiracy, Gregory of Nazianzus, Haruspex, Helios, Hellenistic religion, Hippodrome of Constantinople, Hispania, Hispania Baetica, Holiday, Homoousion, Honorius (emperor), Hydatius, Illyria, Illyricum (Roman province), Italica, Julius Nepos, Justina (empress), Karnak, List of Byzantine emperors, List of obelisks in Rome, List of Roman consuls, List of Roman emperors, Magister militum, Magnus Maximus, Manichaeism, Marble, Marcellinus Comes, Massacre of Thessalonica, Maternus Cynegius, Meletius of Antioch, Milan, Missorium of Theodosius I, Moesia, Nicene Christianity, Nicene Creed, Norte Region, Portugal, Obelisk, Obelisk of Theodosius, Ostrogoths, Panegyric, Pannonia, Polytheism, Portrait, Promotus, Pulcheria (daughter of Theodosius I), Quintus Clodius Hermogenianus Olybrius, Race track, Relief, Religion in ancient Rome, Roman Britain, Roman emperor, Roman Empire, Roman Senate, Rome, Rufinus (consul), Saint Fana, Saracen, Sarmatians, Semi-Arianism, Serapeum, Serena (Roman), Siege engine, Slovenia, Spain, State church of the Roman Empire, Stilicho, Taifals, Theodoret, Theodosian dynasty, Theology, Thervingi, Timasius, Trier, Trinity, Triumphal arch, Valens, Valentinian I, Valentinian II, Vandals, Vestal Virgin, Victor (emperor), Vipava (river), Virius Nicomachus Flavianus, Visigoths, Western Roman Empire, Witchcraft, Zeno (emperor), Zosimus. Expand index (108 more) »

Abundantius (consul)

Flavius Abundantius (floruit 375-400) was a politician of the Eastern Roman Empire.

New!!: Theodosius I and Abundantius (consul) · See more »

Aelia Flaccilla

Aelia Flavia Flaccilla (31 March 356 – 386), was a Roman empress and first wife of the Roman Emperor Theodosius I. She was of Hispanian Roman descent.

New!!: Theodosius I and Aelia Flaccilla · See more »

Alaric I

Alaric I (*Alareiks, "ruler of all"; Alaricus; 370 (or 375)410 AD) was the first King of the Visigoths from 395–410, son (or paternal grandson) of chieftain Rothestes.

New!!: Theodosius I and Alaric I · See more »

Alatheus and Saphrax

Alatheus and Saphrax were Greuthungi chieftains who served as co-regents for Vithericus, son and heir of the Gothic king Vithimiris.

New!!: Theodosius I and Alatheus and Saphrax · See more »


The Alemanni (also Alamanni; Suebi "Swabians") were a confederation of Germanic tribes on the Upper Rhine River.

New!!: Theodosius I and Alemanni · See more »


Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.

New!!: Theodosius I and Alexandria · See more »

Altar of Victory

The Altar of Victory was located in the Roman Senate House (the Curia) and bore a gold statue of the goddess Victory.

New!!: Theodosius I and Altar of Victory · See more »


Aurelius Ambrosius (– 397), better known in English as Ambrose, was a bishop of Milan who became one of the most influential ecclesiastical figures of the 4th century.

New!!: Theodosius I and Ambrose · See more »

Anastasius I Dicorus

Anastasius I (Flavius Anastasius Augustus; Ἀναστάσιος; 9 July 518) was Byzantine Emperor from 491 to 518.

New!!: Theodosius I and Anastasius I Dicorus · See more »

Ancient Olympic Games

The ancient Olympic Games were originally a festival, or celebration of and for Zeus; later, events such as a footrace, a javelin contest, and wrestling matches were added.

New!!: Theodosius I and Ancient Olympic Games · See more »

Arbogast (general)

Flavius Arbogastes (died September 8, 394), or Arbogast, was a Frankish general in the Roman Empire.

New!!: Theodosius I and Arbogast (general) · See more »


Arcadius (Flavius Arcadius Augustus; Ἀρκάδιος; 1 January 377 – 1 May 408) was Eastern Roman Emperor from 395 to 408.

New!!: Theodosius I and Arcadius · See more »


Arianism is a nontrinitarian Christological doctrine which asserts the belief that Jesus Christ is the Son of God who was begotten by God the Father at a point in time, a creature distinct from the Father and is therefore subordinate to him, but the Son is also God (i.e. God the Son).

New!!: Theodosius I and Arianism · See more »


Arius (Ἄρειος, 250 or 256–336) was a Christian presbyter and ascetic of Berber origin, and priest in Baucalis in Alexandria, Egypt.

New!!: Theodosius I and Arius · See more »


An auditorium is a room built to enable an audience to hear and watch performances at venues such as theatres.

New!!: Theodosius I and Auditorium · See more »


Augury is the practice from ancient Roman religion of interpreting omens from the observed flight of birds (aves).

New!!: Theodosius I and Augury · See more »


Decimus or Decimius Magnus Ausonius (– c. 395) was a Roman poet and teacher of rhetoric from Burdigala in Aquitaine, modern Bordeaux, France.

New!!: Theodosius I and Ausonius · See more »


A barbarian is a human who is perceived to be either uncivilized or primitive.

New!!: Theodosius I and Barbarian · See more »


The Bastarnae (Latin variants: Bastarni, or Basternae; Βαστάρναι or Βαστέρναι) were an ancient people who between 200 BC and 300 AD inhabited the region between the Carpathian mountains and the river Dnieper, to the north and east of ancient Dacia.

New!!: Theodosius I and Bastarnae · See more »

Battle of Adrianople

The Battle of Adrianople (9 August 378), sometimes known as the Battle of Hadrianopolis, was fought between an Eastern Roman army led by the Eastern Roman Emperor Valens and Gothic rebels (largely Thervings as well as Greutungs, non-Gothic Alans, and various local rebels) led by Fritigern.

New!!: Theodosius I and Battle of Adrianople · See more »

Battle of the Frigidus

The Battle of the Frigidus, also called the Battle of the Frigid River, was fought between 5–6 September 394, between the army of the Eastern Emperor Theodosius I and the army of Western Roman ruler Eugenius.

New!!: Theodosius I and Battle of the Frigidus · See more »

Battle of the Save

The Battle of the Save was fought in 388 between the forces of Roman usurper Magnus Maximus and the Eastern Roman Empire.

New!!: Theodosius I and Battle of the Save · See more »

Bora (wind)

The bora is a northern to north-eastern katabatic wind in the Adriatic Sea.

New!!: Theodosius I and Bora (wind) · See more »

Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).

New!!: Theodosius I and Byzantine Empire · See more »

Capital punishment

Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is a government-sanctioned practice whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime.

New!!: Theodosius I and Capital punishment · See more »


Cappadocia (also Capadocia; Καππαδοκία, Kappadokía, from Katpatuka, Kapadokya) is a historical region in Central Anatolia, largely in the Nevşehir, Kayseri, Kırşehir, Aksaray, and Niğde Provinces in Turkey.

New!!: Theodosius I and Cappadocia · See more »

Cappadocian Fathers

The Cappadocian Fathers, also traditionally known as the Three Cappadocians, are Basil the Great (330–379), who was bishop of Caesarea; Basil's younger brother Gregory of Nyssa (c. 335 – c. 395), who was bishop of Nyssa; and a close friend, Gregory of Nazianzus (329–389), who became Patriarch of Constantinople.

New!!: Theodosius I and Cappadocian Fathers · See more »

Carpi (people)

The Carpi or Carpiani were an ancient people that resided in the eastern parts of modern Romania in the historical region of Moldavia from no later than c. AD 140 and until at least AD 318.

New!!: Theodosius I and Carpi (people) · See more »

Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

New!!: Theodosius I and Catholic Church · See more »


The Caucasus or Caucasia is a region located at the border of Europe and Asia, situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and occupied by Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia.

New!!: Theodosius I and Caucasus · See more »


ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

New!!: Theodosius I and Christianity · See more »


Christology (from Greek Χριστός Khristós and -λογία, -logia) is the field of study within Christian theology which is primarily concerned with the ontology and person of Jesus as recorded in the canonical Gospels and the epistles of the New Testament.

New!!: Theodosius I and Christology · See more »

Church of Alexandria

The Church of Alexandria in Egypt is the Christian Church headed by the Patriarch of Alexandria.

New!!: Theodosius I and Church of Alexandria · See more »

Classical Latin

Classical Latin is the modern term used to describe the form of the Latin language recognized as standard by writers of the late Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.

New!!: Theodosius I and Classical Latin · See more »


Claudius Claudianus, usually known in English as Claudian (c. 370 – c. 404 AD), was a Latin poet associated with the court of the emperor Honorius at Mediolanum (Milan), and particularly with the general Stilicho.

New!!: Theodosius I and Claudian · See more »

Coca, Segovia

Coca is a municipality in the province of Segovia, central Spain, part of the autonomous community of Castile and Leon.

New!!: Theodosius I and Coca, Segovia · See more »

Codex Theodosianus

The Codex Theodosianus (Eng. Theodosian Code) was a compilation of the laws of the Roman Empire under the Christian emperors since 312.

New!!: Theodosius I and Codex Theodosianus · See more »

Conceptual art

Conceptual art, sometimes simply called conceptualism, is art in which the concept(s) or idea(s) involved in the work take precedence over traditional aesthetic, technical, and material concerns.

New!!: Theodosius I and Conceptual art · See more »

Constantine the Great

Constantine the Great (Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus; Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ Μέγας; 27 February 272 ADBirth dates vary but most modern historians use 272". Lenski, "Reign of Constantine" (CC), 59. – 22 May 337 AD), also known as Constantine I or Saint Constantine, was a Roman Emperor of Illyrian and Greek origin from 306 to 337 AD.

New!!: Theodosius I and Constantine the Great · See more »


Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis; Constantinopolis) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine Empire (330–1204 and 1261–1453), and also of the brief Latin (1204–1261), and the later Ottoman (1453–1923) empires.

New!!: Theodosius I and Constantinople · See more »

Constantius II

Constantius II (Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus; Κωνστάντιος; 7 August 317 – 3 November 361) was Roman Emperor from 337 to 361. The second son of Constantine I and Fausta, he ascended to the throne with his brothers Constantine II and Constans upon their father's death. In 340, Constantius' brothers clashed over the western provinces of the empire. The resulting conflict left Constantine II dead and Constans as ruler of the west until he was overthrown and assassinated in 350 by the usurper Magnentius. Unwilling to accept Magnentius as co-ruler, Constantius defeated him at the battles of Mursa Major and Mons Seleucus. Magnentius committed suicide after the latter battle, leaving Constantius as sole ruler of the empire. His subsequent military campaigns against Germanic tribes were successful: he defeated the Alamanni in 354 and campaigned across the Danube against the Quadi and Sarmatians in 357. In contrast, the war in the east against the Sassanids continued with mixed results. In 351, due to the difficulty of managing the empire alone, Constantius elevated his cousin Constantius Gallus to the subordinate rank of Caesar, but had him executed three years later after receiving scathing reports of his violent and corrupt nature. Shortly thereafter, in 355, Constantius promoted his last surviving cousin, Gallus' younger half-brother, Julian, to the rank of Caesar. However, Julian claimed the rank of Augustus in 360, leading to war between the two. Ultimately, no battle was fought as Constantius became ill and died late in 361, though not before naming Julian as his successor.

New!!: Theodosius I and Constantius II · See more »

Count Theodosius

Count Theodosius (Comes Theodosius) was a senior military officer serving in the Western Roman Empire.

New!!: Theodosius I and Count Theodosius · See more »


In ancient geography, especially in Roman sources, Dacia was the land inhabited by the Dacians.

New!!: Theodosius I and Dacia · See more »

Dalmatia (Roman province)

Dalmatia was a Roman province.

New!!: Theodosius I and Dalmatia (Roman province) · See more »


The Danube or Donau (known by various names in other languages) is Europe's second longest river, after the Volga.

New!!: Theodosius I and Danube · See more »


David is described in the Hebrew Bible as the second king of the United Kingdom of Israel and Judah.

New!!: Theodosius I and David · See more »

De fide Catolica

There are a number of documents titled De fide Catholica concerning the Catholic faith.

New!!: Theodosius I and De fide Catolica · See more »


Delphi is famous as the ancient sanctuary that grew rich as the seat of Pythia, the oracle who was consulted about important decisions throughout the ancient classical world.

New!!: Theodosius I and Delphi · See more »

Demophilus of Constantinople

Demophilus (died 386) was bishop of Berea and bishop of Constantinople from 370 until expelled in 380.

New!!: Theodosius I and Demophilus of Constantinople · See more »


The word diocese is derived from the Greek term διοίκησις meaning "administration".

New!!: Theodosius I and Diocese · See more »


Dux (plural: ducēs) is Latin for "leader" (from the noun dux, ducis, "leader, general") and later for duke and its variant forms (doge, duce, etc.). During the Roman Republic, dux could refer to anyone who commanded troops, including foreign leaders, but was not a formal military rank.

New!!: Theodosius I and Dux · See more »


Edema, also spelled oedema or œdema, is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitium, located beneath the skin and in the cavities of the body, which can cause severe pain.

New!!: Theodosius I and Edema · See more »

Edict of Thessalonica

The Edict of Thessalonica (also known as Cunctos populos), issued on 27 February AD 380 by three reigning Roman Emperors, made Nicene Christianity the state religion of the Roman Empire.

New!!: Theodosius I and Edict of Thessalonica · See more »


Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

New!!: Theodosius I and Egypt · See more »


Flavius Eugenius (died 6 September 394) was a usurper in the Western Roman Empire (392–394) against Emperor Theodosius I. Though himself a Christian, he was the last Emperor to support Roman polytheism.

New!!: Theodosius I and Eugenius · See more »

Eutropius (historian)

Flavius Eutropius was an Ancient Roman historian who flourished in the latter half of the 4th century AD.

New!!: Theodosius I and Eutropius (historian) · See more »

Fall of the Western Roman Empire

The Fall of the Western Roman Empire (also called Fall of the Roman Empire or Fall of Rome) was the process of decline in the Western Roman Empire in which it failed to enforce its rule, and its vast territory was divided into several successor polities.

New!!: Theodosius I and Fall of the Western Roman Empire · See more »

Family tree of the Roman emperors

This is a family tree of the Roman Emperors, showing only the relationships between the emperors.

New!!: Theodosius I and Family tree of the Roman emperors · See more »

First Council of Constantinople

The First Council of Constantinople (Πρώτη σύνοδος της Κωνσταντινουπόλεως commonly known as Β΄ Οικουμενική, "Second Ecumenical"; Concilium Constantinopolitanum Primum or Concilium Constantinopolitanum A) was a council of Christian bishops convened in Constantinople in AD 381 by the Roman Emperor Theodosius I. This second ecumenical council, an effort to attain consensus in the church through an assembly representing all of Christendom, except for the Western Church,Richard Kieckhefer (1989).

New!!: Theodosius I and First Council of Constantinople · See more »

First Council of Nicaea

The First Council of Nicaea (Νίκαια) was a council of Christian bishops convened in the Bithynian city of Nicaea (now İznik, Bursa province, Turkey) by the Roman Emperor Constantine I in AD 325.

New!!: Theodosius I and First Council of Nicaea · See more »


Foederatus (in English; pl. foederati) was any one of several outlying nations to which ancient Rome provided benefits in exchange for military assistance.

New!!: Theodosius I and Foederati · See more »

Forum of Theodosius

The Forum of Theodosius (φόρος Θεοδοσίου, today Beyazıt Square) was an area in Constantinople.

New!!: Theodosius I and Forum of Theodosius · See more »

Galicia (Spain)

Galicia (Galician: Galicia, Galiza; Galicia; Galiza) is an autonomous community of Spain and historic nationality under Spanish law.

New!!: Theodosius I and Galicia (Spain) · See more »

Galla (wife of Theodosius I)

Flavia Galla (died 394 CE) was an empress of the Roman Empire and a princess of the Western Roman Empire.

New!!: Theodosius I and Galla (wife of Theodosius I) · See more »

Galla Placidia

Aelia Galla Placidia (388 – 27 November 450), daughter of the Roman emperor Theodosius I, was regent to Valentinian III from 423 until his majority in 437, and a major force in Roman politics for most of her life.

New!!: Theodosius I and Galla Placidia · See more »


Gallaecia or Callaecia, also known as Hispania Gallaecia, was the name of a Roman province in the north-west of Hispania, approximately present-day Galicia, northern Portugal, Asturias and Leon and the later Suebic Kingdom of Gallaecia.

New!!: Theodosius I and Gallaecia · See more »


Gaul (Latin: Gallia) was a region of Western Europe during the Iron Age that was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, Northern Italy, as well as the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine.

New!!: Theodosius I and Gaul · See more »

Gothic War (376–382)

Gothic War is the name given to several Gothic uprisings in the Balkans.

New!!: Theodosius I and Gothic War (376–382) · See more »


The Goths (Gut-þiuda; Gothi) were an East Germanic people, two of whose branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire through the long series of Gothic Wars and in the emergence of Medieval Europe.

New!!: Theodosius I and Goths · See more »


Gratian (Flavius Gratianus Augustus; Γρατιανός; 18 April/23 May 359 – 25 August 383) was Roman emperor from 367 to 383.

New!!: Theodosius I and Gratian · See more »

Great Conspiracy

The Great Conspiracy was a year-long state of war and disorder that occurred in Roman Britain near the end of the Roman occupation of the island.

New!!: Theodosius I and Great Conspiracy · See more »

Gregory of Nazianzus

Gregory of Nazianzus (Γρηγόριος ὁ Ναζιανζηνός Grēgorios ho Nazianzēnos; c. 329Liturgy of the Hours Volume I, Proper of Saints, 2 January. – 25 January 390), also known as Gregory the Theologian or Gregory Nazianzen, was a 4th-century Archbishop of Constantinople, and theologian.

New!!: Theodosius I and Gregory of Nazianzus · See more »


In the religion of Ancient Rome, a haruspex (plural haruspices; also called aruspex) was a person trained to practice a form of divination called haruspicy (haruspicina), the inspection of the entrails (exta—hence also extispicy (extispicium)) of sacrificed animals, especially the livers of sacrificed sheep and poultry.

New!!: Theodosius I and Haruspex · See more »


Helios (Ἥλιος Hēlios; Latinized as Helius; Ἠέλιος in Homeric Greek) is the god and personification of the Sun in Greek mythology.

New!!: Theodosius I and Helios · See more »

Hellenistic religion

Hellenistic religion is any of the various systems of beliefs and practices of the people who lived under the influence of ancient Greek culture during the Hellenistic period and the Roman Empire (c. 300 BCE to 300 CE).

New!!: Theodosius I and Hellenistic religion · See more »

Hippodrome of Constantinople

The Hippodrome of Constantinople (Hippódromos tēs Kōnstantinoupóleōs) was a circus that was the sporting and social centre of Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire.

New!!: Theodosius I and Hippodrome of Constantinople · See more »


Hispania was the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula.

New!!: Theodosius I and Hispania · See more »

Hispania Baetica

Hispania Baetica, often abbreviated Baetica, was one of three Roman provinces in Hispania (the Iberian Peninsula).

New!!: Theodosius I and Hispania Baetica · See more »


A holiday is a day set aside by custom or by law on which normal activities, especially business or work including school, are suspended or reduced.

New!!: Theodosius I and Holiday · See more »


Homoousion (from, homós, "same" and, ousía, "being") is a Christian theological doctrine pertaining to the Trinitarian understanding of God.

New!!: Theodosius I and Homoousion · See more »

Honorius (emperor)

Honorius (Flavius Honorius Augustus; 9 September 384 – 15 August 423) was Western Roman Emperor from 393 to 423.

New!!: Theodosius I and Honorius (emperor) · See more »


Hydatius, also spelled Idacius (c. 400 – c. 469), bishop of Aquae Flaviae in the Roman province of Gallaecia (almost certainly the modern Chaves, Portugal, in the modern district of Vila Real) was the author of a chronicle of his own times that provides us with our best evidence for the history of Hispania (that is, the Iberian Peninsula in Roman times) in the 5th century.

New!!: Theodosius I and Hydatius · See more »


In classical antiquity, Illyria (Ἰλλυρία, Illyría or Ἰλλυρίς, Illyrís; Illyria, see also Illyricum) was a region in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula inhabited by the Illyrians.

New!!: Theodosius I and Illyria · See more »

Illyricum (Roman province)

Illyricum was a Roman province that existed from 27 BC to sometime during the reign of Vespasian (69–79 AD).

New!!: Theodosius I and Illyricum (Roman province) · See more »


Italica (Itálica; north of modern-day Santiponce, 9 km NW of Seville, Spain) was an elaborate Roman city in the province of Hispania Baetica and the birthplace of Roman Emperors Trajan and Hadrian.

New!!: Theodosius I and Italica · See more »

Julius Nepos

Julius NeposMartindale 1980, s.v. Iulius Nepos (3), pp.

New!!: Theodosius I and Julius Nepos · See more »

Justina (empress)

Justina (c. 340 – c. 388) was the second wife of the Roman Emperor Valentinian I (reigned 364–375) and the mother of Valentinian II (reigned 375–392), Galla, Grata and Justa.

New!!: Theodosius I and Justina (empress) · See more »


The Karnak Temple Complex, commonly known as Karnak (from Arabic Ka-Ranak meaning "fortified village"), comprises a vast mix of decayed temples, chapels, pylons, and other buildings in Egypt.

New!!: Theodosius I and Karnak · See more »

List of Byzantine emperors

This is a list of the Byzantine emperors from the foundation of Constantinople in 330 AD, which marks the conventional start of the Byzantine Empire (or the Eastern Roman Empire), to its fall to the Ottoman Empire in 1453 AD.

New!!: Theodosius I and List of Byzantine emperors · See more »

List of obelisks in Rome

The city of Rome harbours the most obelisks in the world.

New!!: Theodosius I and List of obelisks in Rome · See more »

List of Roman consuls

This is a list of consuls known to have held office, from the beginning of the Roman Republic to the latest use of the title in Imperial times, together with those magistrates of the Republic who were appointed in place of consuls, or who superseded consular authority for a limited period.

New!!: Theodosius I and List of Roman consuls · See more »

List of Roman emperors

The Roman Emperors were rulers of the Roman Empire, wielding power over its citizens and military.

New!!: Theodosius I and List of Roman emperors · See more »

Magister militum

Magister militum (Latin for "Master of the Soldiers", plural magistri militum) was a top-level military command used in the later Roman Empire, dating from the reign of Constantine the Great.

New!!: Theodosius I and Magister militum · See more »

Magnus Maximus

Magnus Maximus (Flavius Magnus Maximus Augustus, Macsen Wledig) (August 28, 388) was Western Roman Emperor from 383 to 388.

New!!: Theodosius I and Magnus Maximus · See more »


Manichaeism (in Modern Persian آیین مانی Āyin-e Māni) was a major religious movement that was founded by the Iranian prophet Mani (in مانی, Syriac: ܡܐܢܝ, Latin: Manichaeus or Manes from Μάνης; 216–276) in the Sasanian Empire.

New!!: Theodosius I and Manichaeism · See more »


Marble is a metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite.

New!!: Theodosius I and Marble · See more »

Marcellinus Comes

Marcellinus Comes (died c. 534) was a Latin chronicler of the Eastern Roman Empire.

New!!: Theodosius I and Marcellinus Comes · See more »

Massacre of Thessalonica

The Massacre of Thessalonica was an atrocity carried out by Gothic troops under the Roman Emperor Theodosius I in 390 against the inhabitants of Thessalonica, who had risen in revolt against the Gothic troops.

New!!: Theodosius I and Massacre of Thessalonica · See more »

Maternus Cynegius

Maternus Cynegius (died on March 14, 388, in Berytos) was a praetorian prefect of the East and consul at the end of the 4th century, best known for destroying some of the most sacred sites of Hellenic religion during the persecution of pagans in the late Roman Empire in a campaign against the temples of the East.

New!!: Theodosius I and Maternus Cynegius · See more »

Meletius of Antioch

Saint Meletius of Antioch (Μελέτιος) (died 381) was a Christian bishop, or Patriarch of Antioch, from 360 until his death.

New!!: Theodosius I and Meletius of Antioch · See more »


Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.

New!!: Theodosius I and Milan · See more »

Missorium of Theodosius I

The Missorium of Theodosius I is a large ceremonial silver dish preserved in the Real Academia de la Historia, in Madrid, Spain.

New!!: Theodosius I and Missorium of Theodosius I · See more »


Moesia (Latin: Moesia; Μοισία, Moisía) was an ancient region and later Roman province situated in the Balkans south of the Danube River.

New!!: Theodosius I and Moesia · See more »

Nicene Christianity

Nicene Christianity refers to Christian doctrinal traditions that adhere to the Nicene Creed, which was originally formulated at the First Council of Nicaea in 325 AD and finished at the First Council of Constantinople in AD 381.

New!!: Theodosius I and Nicene Christianity · See more »

Nicene Creed

The Nicene Creed (Greek: or,, Latin: Symbolum Nicaenum) is a statement of belief widely used in Christian liturgy.

New!!: Theodosius I and Nicene Creed · See more »

Norte Region, Portugal

Norte (Região Norte,; "North Region") or Northern Portugal is the most populous region in Portugal, ahead of Lisboa, and the third most extensive by area.

New!!: Theodosius I and Norte Region, Portugal · See more »


An obelisk (from ὀβελίσκος obeliskos; diminutive of ὀβελός obelos, "spit, nail, pointed pillar") is a tall, four-sided, narrow tapering monument which ends in a pyramid-like shape or pyramidion at the top.

New!!: Theodosius I and Obelisk · See more »

Obelisk of Theodosius

The Obelisk of Theodosius (Dikilitaş) is the Ancient Egyptian obelisk of Pharaoh Thutmose III re-erected in the Hippodrome of Constantinople (known today as At Meydanı or Sultanahmet Meydanı, in the modern city of Istanbul, Turkey) by the Roman emperor Theodosius I in the 4th century AD.

New!!: Theodosius I and Obelisk of Theodosius · See more »


The Ostrogoths (Ostrogothi, Austrogothi) were the eastern branch of the later Goths (the other major branch being the Visigoths).

New!!: Theodosius I and Ostrogoths · See more »


A panegyric is a formal public speech, or (in later use) written verse, delivered in high praise of a person or thing, a generally highly studied and undiscriminating eulogy, not expected to be critical.

New!!: Theodosius I and Panegyric · See more »


Pannonia was a province of the Roman Empire bounded north and east by the Danube, coterminous westward with Noricum and upper Italy, and southward with Dalmatia and upper Moesia.

New!!: Theodosius I and Pannonia · See more »


Polytheism (from Greek πολυθεϊσμός, polytheismos) is the worship of or belief in multiple deities, which are usually assembled into a pantheon of gods and goddesses, along with their own religions and rituals.

New!!: Theodosius I and Polytheism · See more »


A portrait is a painting, photograph, sculpture, or other artistic representation of a person, in which the face and its expression is predominant.

New!!: Theodosius I and Portrait · See more »


Flavius Promotus was a Roman general who served under Theodosius I until his death in 391.

New!!: Theodosius I and Promotus · See more »

Pulcheria (daughter of Theodosius I)

Aelia Pulcheria (385–386) was the daughter of Roman Emperor Theodosius I and Roman Empress Aelia Flaccilla.

New!!: Theodosius I and Pulcheria (daughter of Theodosius I) · See more »

Quintus Clodius Hermogenianus Olybrius

Quintus Clodius Hermogenianus Olybrius (floruit 361-384) was a Roman politician, praefectus urbi of Rome in 368–370 and Roman consul in 379.

New!!: Theodosius I and Quintus Clodius Hermogenianus Olybrius · See more »

Race track

A race track (or "racetrack", "racing track" or "racing circuit") is a facility built for racing of vehicles, athletes, or animals (e.g. horse racing or greyhound racing).

New!!: Theodosius I and Race track · See more »


Relief is a sculptural technique where the sculpted elements remain attached to a solid background of the same material.

New!!: Theodosius I and Relief · See more »

Religion in ancient Rome

Religion in Ancient Rome includes the ancestral ethnic religion of the city of Rome that the Romans used to define themselves as a people, as well as the religious practices of peoples brought under Roman rule, in so far as they became widely followed in Rome and Italy.

New!!: Theodosius I and Religion in ancient Rome · See more »

Roman Britain

Roman Britain (Britannia or, later, Britanniae, "the Britains") was the area of the island of Great Britain that was governed by the Roman Empire, from 43 to 410 AD.

New!!: Theodosius I and Roman Britain · See more »

Roman emperor

The Roman Emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC).

New!!: Theodosius I and Roman emperor · See more »

Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

New!!: Theodosius I and Roman Empire · See more »

Roman Senate

The Roman Senate (Senatus Romanus; Senato Romano) was a political institution in ancient Rome.

New!!: Theodosius I and Roman Senate · See more »


Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).

New!!: Theodosius I and Rome · See more »

Rufinus (consul)

Flavius Rufinus (– November 27, 395) was a 4th-century Byzantine statesman of Gaulish extraction who served as Praetorian prefect of the East for the emperor Theodosius I, as well as for his son Arcadius, under whom Rufinus was the actual power behind the throne.

New!!: Theodosius I and Rufinus (consul) · See more »

Saint Fana

Saint Fana, also known as Abu Fana, Abu Fanah, or Apa Bane (c. 354-395) was a Coptic hermit.

New!!: Theodosius I and Saint Fana · See more »


Saracen was a term widely used among Christian writers in Europe during the Middle Ages.

New!!: Theodosius I and Saracen · See more »


The Sarmatians (Sarmatae, Sauromatae; Greek: Σαρμάται, Σαυρομάται) were a large Iranian confederation that existed in classical antiquity, flourishing from about the 5th century BC to the 4th century AD.

New!!: Theodosius I and Sarmatians · See more »


Semi-Arianism was a position regarding the relationship between God the Father and the Son of God, adopted by some 4th century Christians.

New!!: Theodosius I and Semi-Arianism · See more »


A serapeum is a temple or other religious institution dedicated to the syncretic Greco-Egyptian deity Serapis, who combined aspects of Osiris and Apis in a humanized form that was accepted by the Ptolemaic Greeks of Alexandria.

New!!: Theodosius I and Serapeum · See more »

Serena (Roman)

Serena was a noblewoman of the late Western Roman Empire.

New!!: Theodosius I and Serena (Roman) · See more »

Siege engine

A siege engine is a device that is designed to break or circumvent heavy castle doors, thick city walls and other fortifications in siege warfare.

New!!: Theodosius I and Siege engine · See more »


Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.

New!!: Theodosius I and Slovenia · See more »


Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.

New!!: Theodosius I and Spain · See more »

State church of the Roman Empire

Nicene Christianity became the state church of the Roman Empire with the Edict of Thessalonica in 380 AD, when Emperor Theodosius I made it the Empire's sole authorized religion.

New!!: Theodosius I and State church of the Roman Empire · See more »


Flavius Stilicho (occasionally written as Stilico; c. 359 – 22 August 408) was a high-ranking general (magister militum) in the Roman army who became, for a time, the most powerful man in the Western Roman Empire.

New!!: Theodosius I and Stilicho · See more »


The Taifals or Tayfals (Taifali, Taifalae or Theifali) were a people group of Germanic or Sarmatian origin, first documented north of the lower Danube in the mid third century AD.

New!!: Theodosius I and Taifals · See more »


Theodoret of Cyrus or Cyrrhus (Θεοδώρητος Κύρρου; AD 393 – c. 458/466) was an influential theologian of the School of Antioch, biblical commentator, and Christian bishop of Cyrrhus (423–457).

New!!: Theodosius I and Theodoret · See more »

Theodosian dynasty

The Theodosian dynasty was a Roman family that rose to eminence in the waning days of the Roman Empire.

New!!: Theodosius I and Theodosian dynasty · See more »


Theology is the critical study of the nature of the divine.

New!!: Theodosius I and Theology · See more »


The Thervingi, Tervingi, or Teruingi (sometimes pluralised Tervings or Thervings) were a Gothic people of the Danubian plains west of the Dniester River in the 3rd and the 4th centuries.

New!!: Theodosius I and Thervingi · See more »


Flavius Timasius (died 396) was a general of the Roman Empire, a relative of the Empress Aelia Flaccilla, wife of Emperor Theodosius I (r. 379–395).

New!!: Theodosius I and Timasius · See more »


Trier (Tréier), formerly known in English as Treves (Trèves) and Triers (see also names in other languages), is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle.

New!!: Theodosius I and Trier · See more »


The Christian doctrine of the Trinity (from Greek τριάς and τριάδα, from "threefold") holds that God is one but three coeternal consubstantial persons or hypostases—the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit—as "one God in three Divine Persons".

New!!: Theodosius I and Trinity · See more »

Triumphal arch

A triumphal arch is a monumental structure in the shape of an archway with one or more arched passageways, often designed to span a road.

New!!: Theodosius I and Triumphal arch · See more »


Valens (Flavius Julius Valens Augustus; Οὐάλης; 328 – 9 August 378) was Eastern Roman Emperor from 364 to 378. He was given the eastern half of the empire by his brother Valentinian I after the latter's accession to the throne. Valens, sometimes known as the Last True Roman, was defeated and killed in the Battle of Adrianople, which marked the beginning of the collapse of the decaying Western Roman Empire.

New!!: Theodosius I and Valens · See more »

Valentinian I

Valentinian I (Flavius Valentinianus Augustus; Οὐαλεντινιανός; 3 July 32117 November 375), also known as Valentinian the Great, was Roman emperor from 364 to 375.

New!!: Theodosius I and Valentinian I · See more »

Valentinian II

Valentinian II (Flavius Valentinianus Augustus; 37115 May 392), was Roman Emperor from AD 375 to 392.

New!!: Theodosius I and Valentinian II · See more »


The Vandals were a large East Germanic tribe or group of tribes that first appear in history inhabiting present-day southern Poland.

New!!: Theodosius I and Vandals · See more »

Vestal Virgin

In ancient Rome, the Vestals or Vestal Virgins (Latin: Vestālēs, singular Vestālis) were priestesses of Vesta, goddess of the hearth.

New!!: Theodosius I and Vestal Virgin · See more »

Victor (emperor)

Victor (Latin: Flavius Victor Augustus; Unknown – August 388AD) was a Western Roman Emperor from either 383/384 or 387 to August 388.

New!!: Theodosius I and Victor (emperor) · See more »

Vipava (river)

The Vipava (in Slovene) or Vipacco (in Italian) or Wipbach / Wippach (in German) is a river that flows through western Slovenia and northeast Italy.

New!!: Theodosius I and Vipava (river) · See more »

Virius Nicomachus Flavianus

Virius Nicomachus Flavianus (334–394) was a grammarian, a historian and a politician of the Roman Empire.

New!!: Theodosius I and Virius Nicomachus Flavianus · See more »


The Visigoths (Visigothi, Wisigothi, Vesi, Visi, Wesi, Wisi; Visigoti) were the western branches of the nomadic tribes of Germanic peoples referred to collectively as the Goths.

New!!: Theodosius I and Visigoths · See more »

Western Roman Empire

In historiography, the Western Roman Empire refers to the western provinces of the Roman Empire at any one time during which they were administered by a separate independent Imperial court, coequal with that administering the eastern half, then referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire.

New!!: Theodosius I and Western Roman Empire · See more »


Witchcraft or witchery broadly means the practice of and belief in magical skills and abilities exercised by solitary practitioners and groups.

New!!: Theodosius I and Witchcraft · See more »

Zeno (emperor)

Zeno the Isaurian (Flavius Zeno Augustus; Ζήνων; c. 425 – 9 April 491), originally named Tarasis Kodisa RousombladadiotesThe sources call him "Tarasicodissa Rousombladadiotes", and for this reason it was thought his name was Tarasicodissa. However, it has been demonstrated that this name actually means "Tarasis, son of Kodisa, Rusumblada", and that "Tarasis" was a common name in Isauria (R.M. Harrison, "The Emperor Zeno's Real Name", Byzantinische Zeitschrift 74 (1981) 27–28)., was Eastern Roman Emperor from 474 to 475 and again from 476 to 491. Domestic revolts and religious dissension plagued his reign, which nevertheless succeeded to some extent in foreign issues. His reign saw the end of the Western Roman Empire following the deposition of Romulus Augustus and the death of Julius Nepos, but he contributed much to stabilising the eastern Empire. In ecclesiastical history, Zeno is associated with the Henotikon or "instrument of union", promulgated by him and signed by all the Eastern bishops, with the design of solving the monophysite controversy.

New!!: Theodosius I and Zeno (emperor) · See more »


Zosimus (Ζώσιμος; also known by the Latin name Zosimus Historicus, i.e. "Zosimus the Historian"; fl. 490s–510s) was a Greek historian who lived in Constantinople during the reign of the Eastern Roman Emperor Anastasius I (491–518).

New!!: Theodosius I and Zosimus · See more »

Redirects here:

Emperor Theodosius, Flavius Theodosius, Flavius Theodosius Augustus, Flavius Theodosius I, Flavius Theodosius The Great, Perscution of Paganism by Theodosius I, The Great Theodosius I, Theodosian Decree, Theodosian decrees, Theodosios I, Theodosius I Flavius the Great, Theodosius I The Great, Theodosius I the Conqueror, Theodosius I the Great, Theodosius I, Roman emperor, Theodosius The Great, Theodosius the Great, Theodosius the great.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodosius_I

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »