350 relations: Abortifacient, Acupuncture, Adjuvant therapy, Algorithm, Ambulatory care, Analgesic, Androgen deprivation therapy, Androgen replacement therapy, Animal bath, Animal-assisted therapy, Antibody, Antihormone therapy, Antiserum, Aquarium therapy, Aquatic therapy, Aromatherapy, Art, Art therapy, Auger therapy, Autologous immune enhancement therapy, Bacteriophage, Behaviour therapy, Bibliotherapy, Biogenic substance, Biometal (biology), Biomolecule, Biopharmaceutical, Biophilia hypothesis, Biotic material, Blood irradiation therapy, Brachytherapy, Bridge therapy, Broad-spectrum antibiotic, Cancer immunotherapy, Cardiac catheterization, Cardiac resynchronization therapy, Caregiver, Cat, Cell (biology), Cell therapy, Chelation, Chelation therapy, Chemical element, Chemical synthesis, Chemotherapy, Chemotherapy regimen, Chiropractic, Chromium, Chronic kidney disease, Classification of Pharmaco-Therapeutic Referrals, ..., Clinical trial, Coaching, Cobalt therapy, Cognitive behavioral therapy, Cognitive emotional behavioral therapy, Cognitive rehabilitation therapy, Cognitive therapy, Cold, Cold compression therapy, Combination therapy, Comic book therapy, Connotation, Context (language use), Contraindication, Contrast bath therapy, Convalescence, Copper, Coronary care unit, Count noun, Creativity, Cryotherapy, Cure, Cytoluminescent therapy, Dance, Dance therapy, Dark therapy, Darkness, Decision-making, Deep sleep therapy, Desert, Destination therapy, Diagnosis, Dialectical behavior therapy, Dialysis, Dieting, Dog, Drama, Drama therapy, Drug, Duct tape occlusion therapy, Education, Electric current, Electrical energy, Electroconvulsive therapy, Electromagnetic radiation, Electron therapy, Electrotherapy, Emergency medicine, Empiric therapy, End-of-life care, Endangered species, Energy, Enzyme, Enzyme replacement therapy, Epigenetic therapy, Epigenetics, Equine-assisted therapy, Exercise, Experiment, Expressive therapy, Extracorporeal shockwave therapy, Family therapy, Fast neutron therapy, Figurative analogy, Fish, Fluoride, Fluoride therapy, Food, Gamma ray, Gardening, Gene, Gene therapy, Gene therapy for color blindness, Gene therapy for epilepsy, Gene therapy for osteoarthritis, Gene therapy in Parkinson's disease, Gene therapy of the human retina, Gold, Gold salts, Gold standard (test), Grape therapy, Greyhound therapy, Grief therapy dog, Group psychotherapy, Health, Health care, Health care in the United States, Heart transplantation, Heat, Heat therapy, Heavy metals, Helminthic therapy, Herbalism, Hirudo medicinalis, History of cancer chemotherapy, History of wound care, Holism, Home care, Hormonal therapy (oncology), Hormone, Hormone replacement therapy, Hormone therapy, Horse, Horticultural therapy, Hospice, Host modulatory therapy, House call, Humoral immunity, Hydrotherapy, Hyperbaric medicine, Hyperthermia therapy, Hypothermia therapy for neonatal encephalopathy, Ichthyotherapy, Immersion therapy, Immune system, Immunoglobulin therapy, Immunotherapy, Implant (medicine), Indication (medicine), Individual and group rights, Information therapy, Infrared sauna, Intensive care medicine, Interventionism (medicine), Intraoperative electron radiation therapy, Intraoperative radiation therapy, Inverse benefit law, Inversion therapy, Journal therapy, Junk food, Laser, Laser medicine, Leech, Lifestyle medicine, Light, Light therapy, List of counseling topics, List of psychotherapies, List of therapies, Lithium, Lithium (medication), Lithotripsy, Low-level laser therapy, Maggot, Maggot therapy, Magnesium (medical use), Magnesium in biology, Magnet therapy, Magnetic energy, Maintenance therapy, Management of dehydration, Manual therapy, Mass noun, Massage, Matter, Mature minor doctrine, Mechanics, Medical device, Medical emergency, Medical gas therapy, Medical home, Medical nutrition therapy, Medical procedure, Medication, Medicine, Meditation, Metal, Migraine, Mindfulness, Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, Mineral water, Molecular biology, Molecular medicine, Molecule, Monoclonal antibody, Monoclonal antibody therapy, Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi, Music, Music therapy, Natural product, Negative air ionization therapy, Neoadjuvant therapy, Neutron capture therapy of cancer, Nonmetal, Nuclear medicine, Nutraceutical, Occupational therapy, Odor, Off-label use, Oncology, Oral rehydration therapy, Organism, Over-the-counter drug, Oxygen, Oxygen therapy, Ozone, Ozone therapy, Palliative care, Particle, Particle therapy, Pet, Phage therapy, Pharmacological chaperone, Pharmacotherapy, Phonemic neurological hypochromium therapy, Photodynamic therapy, Photothermal therapy, Physical therapy, Plant, Platinum, Platinum-based antineoplastic, Play (activity), Play therapy, Poliomyelitis, Post-anesthesia care unit, Postmenopausal hormone therapy, Potassium in biology, Premedication, Preventive healthcare, Primary care, Professional, Protein, Protein replacement therapy, Protocol (science), Proton therapy, Psychiatrist, Psychoeducation, Psychologist, Psychotherapy, Pulsed electromagnetic field therapy, PUVA therapy, Quackery, Radiation, Radiation therapy, Radionics, Radionuclide, Radiosurgery, Reading (process), Recreation, Recreational therapy, Salt (chemistry), Salvage therapy, Sauna, Sea spray, Seaside resort, Seawater, Self-care, Semantic field, Sensory art therapy, Serum (blood), Service animal, Side effect, Sleep, Slow-wave sleep, Sonodynamic therapy, Sound, Spa town, Speleotherapy, Standard of care, Stem cell, Stem-cell therapy, Step therapy, Stereotactic radiation therapy, Supportive psychotherapy, Synonym, Systemic administration, Systemic therapy (psychotherapy), T-cell vaccination, Targeted therapy, Temperature, Tertiary referral hospital, Therapeutic inertia, Therapeutic nihilism, Therapy cat, Therapy dog, Therapy freedom, Threatened species, TK cell therapy, Transdermal continuous oxygen therapy, Transgender hormone therapy, Transgender hormone therapy (female-to-male), Transgender hormone therapy (male-to-female), Treatment of cancer, Ultrasound, Ultraviolet light therapy, Urine, Urine therapy, Vaccine, Ventricular assist device, Virotherapy, Virus, Wake therapy, Waon therapy, Water, White blood cell, Word sense, Working animal, Worm, Writing, Writing therapy. Expand index (300 more) » « Shrink index
An abortifacient ("that which will cause a miscarriage" from Latin: abortus "miscarriage" and faciens "making") is a substance that induces abortion.
Acupuncture is a form of alternative medicine in which thin needles are inserted into the body.
Adjuvant therapy, also known as adjunct therapy, add-on therapy, and adjuvant care, is therapy that is given in addition to the primary or initial therapy to maximize its effectiveness.
In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is an unambiguous specification of how to solve a class of problems.
Ambulatory care or outpatient care is medical care provided on an outpatient basis, including diagnosis, observation, consultation, treatment, intervention, and rehabilitation services.
An analgesic or painkiller is any member of the group of drugs used to achieve analgesia, relief from pain.
Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), also called androgen suppression therapy, is an antihormone therapy whose main use is in treating prostate cancer.
Androgen replacement therapy (ART), often referred to as testosterone replacement therapy (TRT), is a class of hormone replacement therapy in which androgens, often testosterone, are replaced.
An animal bath or balneum animale is a medical treatment in which the skin or carcass of a freshly slaughtered animal is wrapped around the patient.
Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) is a type of therapy that involves animals as a form of treatment.
An antibody (Ab), also known as an immunoglobulin (Ig), is a large, Y-shaped protein produced mainly by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to neutralize pathogens such as pathogenic bacteria and viruses.
Antihormone therapy is a type of hormone therapy that suppresses selected hormones or their effects, in contrast with hormone replacement therapy, which encourages hormone activity.
Antiserum (plural: antisera) is human or nonhuman blood serum containing polyclonal antibodies and is used to pass on passive immunity to many diseases.
Aquarium therapy is the use of an aquarium to provide potential health benefits.
Aquatic therapy refers to treatments and exercises performed in water for relaxation, fitness, physical rehabilitation, and other therapeutic benefit.
Aromatherapy uses plant materials and aromatic plant oils, including essential oils, and other aroma compounds for improving psychological or physical well-being.
Art is a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts (artworks), expressing the author's imaginative, conceptual idea, or technical skill, intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power.
Art therapy (also known as arts therapy) is a creative method of expression used as a therapeutic technique.
Auger therapy (AT) is a form of radiation therapy for the treatment of cancer which relies on a large number of low-energy electrons (emitted by the Auger effect) to damage cancer cells, rather than the high-energy radiation used in traditional radiation therapy.
Autologous immune enhancement therapy (AIET) is a treatment method in which immune cells are taken out from the patient's body which are cultured and processed to activate them until their resistance to cancer is strengthened and then the cells are put back in the body.
A bacteriophage, also known informally as a phage, is a virus that infects and replicates within Bacteria and Archaea.
Behaviour therapy is a broad term referring to clinical psychotherapy that uses techniques derived from behaviourism.
Bibliotherapy or therapeutic storytelling is an expressive therapy that involves storytelling or the reading of specific texts with the purpose of healing.
A biogenic substance is a substance produced by life processes.
Biometals are metals normally present, in small but important and measurable amounts, in biology, biochemistry, and medicine.
A biomolecule or biological molecule is a loosely used term for molecules and ions that are present in organisms, essential to some typically biological process such as cell division, morphogenesis, or development.
A biopharmaceutical, also known as a biologic(al) medical product, biological, or biologic, is any pharmaceutical drug product manufactured in, extracted from, or semisynthesized from biological sources.
The biophilia hypothesis also called BET suggests that humans possess an innate tendency to seek connections with nature and other forms of life.
Biotic material or biological derived material is any material that originates from living organisms.
Blood irradiation therapy is a procedure in which the blood is exposed to low level red light (often laser light) for therapeutic reasons.
Brachytherapy is a form of radiotherapy where a sealed radiation source is placed inside or next to the area requiring treatment.
Bridge therapy is therapy intended, in transportation metaphor, to serve as a figurative bridge to another stage of therapy or health, carrying a patient past a challenging period of some kind.
The term broad-spectrum antibiotic can refer to an antibiotic that acts on the two major bacterial groups, gram-positive and gram-negative, or any antibiotic that acts against a wide range of disease-causing bacteria.
Cancer immunotherapy (sometimes called immuno-oncology, abbreviated IO) is the use of the immune system to treat cancer.
Cardiac catheterization (heart cath) is the insertion of a catheter into a chamber or vessel of the heart.
An implanted cardiac resynchronization device is a medical device used in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT).
A caregiver or carer is an unpaid or paid member of a person's social network who helps them with activities of daily living.
The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus or Felis catus) is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal.
The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.
Cell therapy (also called cellular therapy or cytotherapy) is therapy in which cellular material is injected into a patient; this generally means intact, living cells.
Chelation is a type of bonding of ions and molecules to metal ions.
Chelation therapy is a medical procedure that involves the administration of chelating agents to remove heavy metals from the body.
A chemical element is a species of atoms having the same number of protons in their atomic nuclei (that is, the same atomic number, or Z).
Chemical synthesis is a purposeful execution of chemical reactions to obtain a product, or several products.
Chemotherapy (often abbreviated to chemo and sometimes CTX or CTx) is a type of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapeutic agents) as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen.
A chemotherapy regimen is a regimen for chemotherapy, defining the drugs to be used, their dosage, the frequency and duration of treatments, and other considerations.
Chiropractic is a form of alternative medicine mostly concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system, especially the spine.
Chromium is a chemical element with symbol Cr and atomic number 24.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a type of kidney disease in which there is gradual loss of kidney function over a period of months or years.
The Classification of Pharmaco-Therapeutic Referrals (CPR) is a taxonomy focused to define and group together situations requiring a referral from pharmacists to physicians (and vice versa) regarding the pharmacotherapy used by the patients.
Clinical trials are experiments or observations done in clinical research.
Coaching is a form of development in which a person called a coach supports a learner or client in achieving a specific personal or professional goal by providing training and guidance.
Cobalt therapy or cobalt-60 therapy is the medical use of gamma rays from the radioisotope cobalt-60 to treat conditions such as cancer.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psycho-social intervention that is the most widely used evidence-based practice aimed at improving mental health.
Cognitive emotional behavioral therapy (CEBT) is an extended version of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) aimed at helping individuals to evaluate the basis of their emotional distress and thus reduce the need for associated dysfunctional coping behaviors (e.g., eating behaviors including binging, purging, restriction of food intake, and substance misuse).
Cognitive rehabilitation is a program to help brain-injured or otherwise cognitively impaired individuals to restore normal functioning, or to compensate for cognitive deficits.
Cognitive therapy (CT) is a type of psychotherapy developed by American psychiatrist Aaron T. Beck.
Cold is the presence of low temperature, especially in the atmosphere.
Cold compression therapy, also known as hilotherapy, combines two of the principles of rest, ice, compression, elevation to reduce pain and swelling from a sports or activity injury to soft tissues and recommended by orthopedic surgeons following surgery.
Combination therapy or polytherapy is therapy that uses more than one medication or modality (versus monotherapy, which is any therapy taken alone).
Comic book therapy is a form of art therapy in which those undergoing rehabilitation or those who have already completed rehabilitation express their experiences through personal narratives within a comics format.
A connotation is a commonly understood cultural or emotional association that some word or phrase carries, in addition to its explicit or literal meaning, which is its denotation.
In semiotics, linguistics, sociology and anthropology, context refers to those objects or entities which surround a focal event, in these disciplines typically a communicative event, of some kind.
In medicine, a contraindication is a condition or factor that serves as a reason to withhold a certain medical treatment due to the harm that it would cause the patient.
Contrast bath therapy, also known as hot/cold immersion therapy, is a form of treatment where a limb or the entire body is immersed in hot (but not boiling) water followed by the immediate immersion of the limb or body in ice water.
Convalescence is the gradual recovery of health and strength after illness or injury.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
A coronary care unit (CCU) or cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) is a hospital ward specialized in the care of patients with heart attacks, unstable angina, cardiac dysrhythmia and (in practice) various other cardiac conditions that require continuous monitoring and treatment.
In linguistics, a count noun (also countable noun) is a noun that can be modified by a numeral and that occurs in both singular and plural forms, and that co-occurs with quantificational determiners like every, each, several, etc.
Creativity is a phenomenon whereby something new and somehow valuable is formed.
Cryotherapy, sometimes known as cold therapy, is the local or general use of low temperatures in medical therapy.
A cure is a substance or procedure that ends a medical condition, such as a medication, a surgical operation, a change in lifestyle or even a philosophical mindset that helps end a person's sufferings; or the state of being healed, or cured.
Cytoluminescent Therapy is a proposed cancer treatment as a form of Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) characterized by a photosensitiser that is supposedly eliminated from normal tissue but selectively accumulated in neoplastic and dysplastic tissue.
Dance is a performing art form consisting of purposefully selected sequences of human movement.
Dance/movement therapy (DMT) in USA/ Australia or dance movement psychotherapy (DMP) in the UK is the psychotherapeutic use of movement and dance to support intellectual, emotional, and motor functions of the body.
Dark therapy is the practice of keeping people in complete darkness for periods of time in an attempt to treat psychological conditions.
Darkness, the polar opposite to brightness, is understood as a lack of illumination or an absence of visible light.
In psychology, decision-making (also spelled decision making and decisionmaking) is regarded as the cognitive process resulting in the selection of a belief or a course of action among several alternative possibilities.
Deep sleep therapy (DST), also called prolonged sleep treatment or continuous narcosis, is a psychiatric treatment in which drugs are used to keep patients unconscious for a period of days or weeks.
A desert is a barren area of landscape where little precipitation occurs and consequently living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life.
Destination therapy is a therapy that is final rather than being a transitional stage until another therapy—thus, in transportation metaphor, a destination in itself rather than merely a bridge or road to the destination.
Diagnosis is the identification of the nature and cause of a certain phenomenon.
Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is an evidence-based psychotherapy designed to help people suffering from borderline personality disorder.
In medicine, dialysis (from Greek διάλυσις, diàlysis, "dissolution"; from διά, dià, "through", and λύσις, lỳsis, "loosening or splitting") is the process of removing excess water, solutes and toxins from the blood in those whose native kidneys have lost the ability to perform these functions in a natural way.
Dieting is the practice of eating food in a regulated and supervised fashion to decrease, maintain, or increase body weight, or to prevent and treat diseases, such as diabetes.
The domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris when considered a subspecies of the gray wolf or Canis familiaris when considered a distinct species) is a member of the genus Canis (canines), which forms part of the wolf-like canids, and is the most widely abundant terrestrial carnivore.
Drama is the specific mode of fiction represented in performance: a play performed in a theatre, or on radio or television.
Drama therapy (written dramatherapy in the UK, Europe, Australia, and Africa) is the use of theatre techniques to facilitate personal growth and promote mental health.
A drug is any substance (other than food that provides nutritional support) that, when inhaled, injected, smoked, consumed, absorbed via a patch on the skin, or dissolved under the tongue causes a temporary physiological (and often psychological) change in the body.
Duct tape occlusion therapy (DTOT) is a method of treating warts by covering them with duct tape for prolonged periods.
Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.
An electric current is a flow of electric charge.
Electrical energy is the energy newly derived from electric potential energy or kinetic energy.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), formerly known as electroshock therapy, and often referred to as shock treatment, is a psychiatric treatment in which seizures are electrically induced in patients to provide relief from mental disorders.
In physics, electromagnetic radiation (EM radiation or EMR) refers to the waves (or their quanta, photons) of the electromagnetic field, propagating (radiating) through space-time, carrying electromagnetic radiant energy.
Electron therapy or electron beam therapy (EBT) is a kind of external beam radiotherapy where electrons are directed to a tumor site.
Electrotherapy is the use of electrical energy as a medical treatment.
Emergency medicine, also known as accident and emergency medicine, is the medical specialty concerned with caring for undifferentiated, unscheduled patients with illnesses or injuries requiring immediate medical attention.
Empiric therapy or empirical therapy is therapy based on experience and, more specifically, therapy begun on the basis of a clinical educated guess in the absence of complete or perfect information.
End-of-life care (or EoLC) refers to health care, not only of a person in the final hours or days of their lives, but more broadly care of all those with a terminal condition that has become advanced, progressive, and incurable.
An endangered species is a species which has been categorized as very likely to become extinct.
In physics, energy is the quantitative property that must be transferred to an object in order to perform work on, or to heat, the object.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) is a medical treatment which replaces an enzyme that is deficient or absent in the body.
Epigenetic therapy is the use of drugs or other epigenome-influencing techniques to treat medical conditions.
Epigenetics is the study of heritable changes in gene function that do not involve changes in the DNA sequence.
Equine-assisted therapy (EAT) encompasses a range of treatments that involve activities with horses and other equines to promote human physical and mental health.
Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
An experiment is a procedure carried out to support, refute, or validate a hypothesis.
Expressive therapy, also known as the expressive therapies, expressive arts therapy or creative arts therapy, is the use of the creative arts as a form of therapy.
Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) is a treatment mostly used to treat kidney stones and in physical therapy and orthopedics.
Family therapy, also referred to as couple and family therapy, marriage and family therapy, family systems therapy, and family counseling, is a branch of psychotherapy that works with families and couples in intimate relationships to nurture change and development.
Fast neutron therapy utilizes high energy neutrons typically between 50 and 70 MeV to treat cancer.
A figurative analogy is a comparison about two things that are not alike but share only some common property.
Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.
Fluoride therapy is the use of fluoride for medical purposes.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism.
A gamma ray or gamma radiation (symbol γ or \gamma), is penetrating electromagnetic radiation arising from the radioactive decay of atomic nuclei.
Gardening is the practice of growing and cultivating plants as part of horticulture.
In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.
In the medicine field, gene therapy (also called human gene transfer) is the therapeutic delivery of nucleic acid into a patient's cells as a drug to treat disease.
Gene therapy for color blindness is an experimental gene therapy aiming to convert congenitally colorblind individuals to trichromats by introducing a photopigment gene that they lack.
Gene therapy is being studied for some forms of epilepsy.
Gene transfer strategies for medical management of the Osteoarthritis have attracted the attention of scientists due to the complex pathology of this chronic disease.
Gene therapy in Parkinson's disease consists of the creation of new cells that produce a specific neurotransmitter (dopamine), protect the neural system, or the modification of genes that are related to the disease.
Retinal gene therapy holds a promise in treating different forms of non-inherited and inherited blindness.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.
Gold salts are ionic chemical compounds of gold.
In medicine and statistics, gold standard test is usually diagnostic test or benchmark that is the best available under reasonable conditions.
Grape therapy, also known as ampelotherapy, is a form of naturopathic alternative medicine that involves heavy consumption of grapes, including seeds, and parts of the vine, including leaves.
Greyhound therapy is a pejorative term used in the USA health care system since the mid-1960s in reference to the practice by mental-health authorities of buying a ticket on a Greyhound Lines bus interstate to get rid of possible "troublemaker" patients.
A grief therapy dog (also known as an emotional support dog, companion dog, or comfort dog) is a form of animal-assisted therapy.
Group psychotherapy or group therapy is a form of psychotherapy in which one or more therapists treat a small group of clients together as a group.
Health is the ability of a biological system to acquire, convert, allocate, distribute, and utilize energy with maximum efficiency.
Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.
Health care in the United States is provided by many distinct organizations.
A heart transplant, or a cardiac transplant, is a surgical transplant procedure performed on patients with end-stage heart failure or severe coronary artery disease when other medical or surgical treatments have failed.
In thermodynamics, heat is energy transferred from one system to another as a result of thermal interactions.
Heat therapy, also called thermotherapy, is the use of heat in therapy, such as for pain relief and health.
Heavy metals are generally defined as metals with relatively high densities, atomic weights, or atomic numbers.
Helminthic therapy, an experimental type of immunotherapy, is the treatment of autoimmune diseases and immune disorders by means of deliberate infestation with a helminth or with the ova of a helminth.
Herbalism (also herbal medicine or phytotherapy) is the study of botany and use of plants intended for medicinal purposes or for supplementing a diet.
Hirudo medicinalis, the European medicinal leech, is one of several species of leeches used as "medicinal leeches".
The era of cancer chemotherapy began in the 1940s with the first use of nitrogen mustards and folic acid antagonist drugs.
The history of wound care spans from prehistory to modern medicine.
Holism (from Greek ὅλος holos "all, whole, entire") is the idea that systems (physical, biological, chemical, social, economic, mental, linguistic) and their properties should be viewed as wholes, not just as a collection of parts.
Home care (also referred to as domiciliary care, social care, or in-home care) is supportive care provided in the home.
Hormonal therapy in oncology is hormone therapy for cancer and is one of the major modalities of medical oncology (pharmacotherapy for cancer), others being cytotoxic chemotherapy and targeted therapy (biotherapeutics).
A hormone (from the Greek participle “ὁρμῶ”, "to set in motion, urge on") is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is any form of hormone therapy wherein the patient, in the course of medical treatment, receives hormones, either to supplement a lack of naturally occurring hormones or to substitute other hormones for naturally occurring hormones.
Hormone therapy or hormonal therapy is the use of hormones in medical treatment.
The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is one of two extant subspecies of ''Equus ferus''.
Horticultural therapy (also known as or STH) is defined by the American Horticultural Therapy Association (AHTA) as the engagement of a person in gardening and plant-based activities, facilitated by a trained therapist, to achieve specific therapeutic treatment goals.
Hospice care is a type of care and philosophy of care that focuses on the palliation of a chronically ill, terminally ill or seriously ill patient's pain and symptoms, and attending to their emotional and spiritual needs.
Host modulatory therapy is an emerging treatment concept in the management of periodontitis that aims to reduce tissue destruction and stabilise or even regenerate the periodontium by modifying the host response.Historically treatment of periodontitis has been focussed on reducing the bacterial challenge.However the outcomes of the conventional treatment procedures like scaling and root planning (SRP) are not alays stable or predictable.
A house call is a visit to the home of a patient or client by a doctor or other professional.
Humoral immunity or humoural immunity is the aspect of immunity that is mediated by macromolecules found in extracellular fluids such as secreted antibodies, complement proteins, and certain antimicrobial peptides.
Hydrotherapy, formerly called hydropathy and also called water cure, is a part of alternative medicine, in particular of naturopathy, occupational therapy and physiotherapy, that involves the use of water for pain relief and treatment.
Hyperbaric medicine is medical treatment in which an ambient pressure greater than sea level atmospheric pressure is a necessary component.
Hyperthermia therapy is a type of medical treatment in which body tissue is exposed to higher temperatures in an effort to treat cancer.
Brain hypothermia, induced by cooling a baby to around 33 °C for three days after birth, is a treatment for hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy.
Ichthyotherapy is the use of fish such as Garra rufa for cleaning skin wounds or treating other skin conditions.
Immersion therapy is a psychological technique which allows a patient to overcome fears (phobias), but can be used for anxiety, panic, and sexuality disorders as well.
The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.
Immunoglobulin therapy, also known as normal human immunoglobulin (NHIG), is the use of a mixture of antibodies (immunoglobulins) to treat a number of health conditions.
Immunotherapy is the "treatment of disease by inducing, enhancing, or suppressing an immune response".
An implant is a medical device manufactured to replace a missing biological structure, support a damaged biological structure, or enhance an existing biological structure.
In medicine, an indication is a valid reason to use a certain test, medication, procedure, or surgery.
Group rights, also known as collective rights, are rights held by a group qua group rather than by its members severally; in contrast, individual rights are rights held by individual people; even if they are group-differentiated, which most rights are, they remain individual rights if the right-holders are the individuals themselves.
Information therapy is the use of information in order to meet patients' needs and assist them in making decisions regarding their health.
Infrared therapy uses infrared heaters to emit infrared light experienced as radiant heat which is absorbed by the surface of the skin.
Intensive care medicine, or critical care medicine, is a branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and management of life-threatening conditions that may require sophisticated life support and monitoring.
Interventionism, when discussing the practice of medicine, is generally a derogatory term used by critics of a medical model in which patients are viewed as passive recipients receiving external treatments provided by the physician that have the effect of prolonging life, or at least of providing a subjective sense of doing everything possible.
Intraoperative electron radiation therapy (IOERT) is the application of electron radiation directly to the residual tumor or tumor bed during cancer surgery.
Intraoperative radiation therapy, or IORT, is the application of therapeutic levels of radiation to the tumor bed while the area is exposed during surgery.
The inverse benefit law states that the ratio of benefits to harms among patients taking new drugs tends to vary inversely with how extensively a drug is marketed.
Inversion therapy involves being upside down or at an inverted angle while hanging by the legs, ankles, or feet with the intention of therapeutic benefits.
Journal therapy is a type of writing therapy that focuses on the writer's internal experiences, thoughts and feelings.
Junk food is a pejorative term for food containing a large number of calories from sugar or fat with little fibre, protein, vitamins or minerals.
A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation.
Laser medicine consists in the use of lasers in medical diagnosis, treatments, or therapies, such as laser photodynamic therapy.
Leeches are segmented parasitic or predatory worm-like animals that belong to the phylum Annelida and comprise the subclass Hirudinea.
Lifestyle medicine is a branch of medicine dealing with research, prevention and treatment of disorders caused by lifestyle factors such as nutrition, physical inactivity, and chronic stress.
Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Light therapy—or phototherapy, classically referred to as heliotherapy—consists of exposure to daylight or to specific wavelengths of light using polychromatic polarised light, lasers, light-emitting diodes, fluorescent lamps, dichroic lamps or very bright, full-spectrum light.
Counseling is the activity of the counselor, or a professional who counsels people, especially on personal problems and difficulties.
This is an alphabetical list of psychotherapies.
This is a list of types of medical therapy, including forms of traditional medicine, alternative medicine, and quackery.
Lithium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol Li and atomic number 3.
Lithium compounds, also known as lithium salts, are primarily used as a psychiatric medication.
Lithotripsy is a medical procedure involving the physical destruction of hardened masses like kidney stones, bezoars or gallstones.
Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is a form of alternative medicine that applies low-level (low-power) lasers or light-emitting diodes (LEDs) to the surface of or in orifices of the body.
A maggot is the larva of a fly (order Diptera); it is applied in particular to the larvae of Brachycera flies, such as houseflies, cheese flies, and blowflies, rather than larvae of the Nematocera, such as mosquitoes and Crane flies.
Maggot therapy is a type of biotherapy involving the introduction of live, disinfected maggots (fly larvae) into the non-healing skin and soft tissue wound(s) of a human or animal for the purpose of cleaning out the necrotic (dead) tissue within a wound (debridement) and disinfection.
Magnesium salts are available as a medication in a number of formulations.
Magnesium is an essential element in biological systems.
Magnet therapy, magnetic therapy, or magnotherapy is a pseudoscientific alternative medicine practice involving the use of weak static magnetic fields, a form of electromagnetic radiation, produced by permanent magnets.
Magnetic energy and electric energy are related by Maxwell's equations.
Maintenance therapy is a medical therapy that is designed to help a primary treatment succeed.
The management of dehydration typically involves the use of oral rehydration solution (ORS).
Manual therapy, or manipulative therapy, is a physical treatment primarily used by physical therapists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, chiropractors, massage therapists, athletic trainers, osteopaths, and osteopathic physicians to treat musculoskeletal pain and disability; it most commonly includes kneading and manipulation of muscles, joint mobilization and joint manipulation.
In linguistics, a mass noun, uncountable noun, or non-count noun is a noun with the syntactic property that any quantity of it is treated as an undifferentiated unit, rather than as something with discrete subsets.
Massage is to work and act on the body with pressure.
In the classical physics observed in everyday life, matter is any substance that has mass and takes up space by having volume.
The mature minor doctrine is an American term for the statutory, regulatory, or common law policy accepting that an unemancipated minor patient may possess the maturity to choose or reject a particular health care treatment, sometimes without the knowledge or agreement of parents, and should be permitted to do so.
Mechanics (Greek μηχανική) is that area of science concerned with the behaviour of physical bodies when subjected to forces or displacements, and the subsequent effects of the bodies on their environment.
A medical device is any apparatus, appliance, software, material, or other article—whether used alone or in combination, including the software intended by its manufacturer to be used specifically for diagnostic and/or therapeutic purposes and necessary for its proper application—intended by the manufacturer to be used for human beings for the purpose of.
A medical emergency is an acute injury or illness that poses an immediate risk to a person's life or long-term health.
Medical gas therapy has been used in medicine since the use of oxygen therapy.
The medical home, also known as the patient-centered medical home (PCMH), is a team-based health care delivery model led by a health care provider to provide comprehensive and continuous medical care to patients with a goal to obtain maximal health outcomes.
Medical nutrition therapy (MNT) is a therapeutic approach to treating medical conditions and their associated symptoms via the use of a specifically tailored diet devised and monitored by a medical doctor physician or registered dietitian nutritionist (RDN).
A medical procedure is a course of action intended to achieve a result in the delivery of healthcare.
A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
Meditation can be defined as a practice where an individual uses a technique, such as focusing their mind on a particular object, thought or activity, to achieve a mentally clear and emotionally calm state.
A metal (from Greek μέταλλον métallon, "mine, quarry, metal") is a material (an element, compound, or alloy) that is typically hard when in solid state, opaque, shiny, and has good electrical and thermal conductivity.
A migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe.
Mindfulness is the psychological process of bringing one's attention to experiences occurring in the present moment,Mindfulness Training as a Clinical Intervention: A Conceptual and Empirical Review, by Ruth A. Baer, available at http://www.wisebrain.org/papers/MindfulnessPsyTx.pdf which can be developed through the practice of meditation and other training.
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is an approach to psychotherapy that was originally created as a relapse-prevention treatment for depression.
Mineral water is water from a mineral spring that contains various minerals, such as salts and sulfur compounds.
Molecular biology is a branch of biology which concerns the molecular basis of biological activity between biomolecules in the various systems of a cell, including the interactions between DNA, RNA, proteins and their biosynthesis, as well as the regulation of these interactions.
Molecular medicine is a broad field, where physical, chemical, biological, bioinformatics and medical techniques are used to describe molecular structures and mechanisms, identify fundamental molecular and genetic errors of disease, and to develop molecular interventions to correct them.
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
Monoclonal antibodies (mAb or moAb) are antibodies that are made by identical immune cells that are all clones of a unique parent cell.
Monoclonal antibody therapy is a form of immunotherapy that uses monoclonal antibodies (mAb) to bind monospecifically to certain cells or proteins.
Abū Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyyā al-Rāzī (Abūbakr Mohammad-e Zakariyyā-ye Rāzī, also known by his Latinized name Rhazes or Rasis) (854–925 CE), was a Persian polymath, physician, alchemist, philosopher, and important figure in the history of medicine.
Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time.
Music therapy is the clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship by a credentialed professional who has completed an approved music therapy program.
A natural product is a chemical compound or substance produced by a living organism—that is, found in nature.
Negative air ionization therapy is the use of air ionizers as an experimental non-pharmaceutical treatment for seasonal affective disorder (SAD) and mild depression.
Neoadjuvant therapy is the administration of therapeutic agents before a main treatment.
Neutron capture therapy (NCT) is a noninvasive therapeutic modality for treating locally invasive malignant tumors such as primary brain tumors and recurrent head and neck cancer.
Apart from hydrogen, nonmetals are located in the p-block. Helium, as an s-block element, would normally be placed next to hydrogen and above beryllium. However, since it is a noble gas, it is instead placed above neon (in the p-block). In chemistry, a nonmetal (or non-metal) is a chemical element that mostly lacks metallic attributes.
Nuclear medicine is a medical specialty involving the application of radioactive substances in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
A Nutraceutical is a pharmaceutical-grade and standardized nutrient.
Occupational therapy (OT) is the use of assessment and intervention to develop, recover, or maintain the meaningful activities, or occupations, of individuals, groups, or communities.
An odor, odour or fragrance is always caused by one or more volatilized chemical compounds.
Off-label use is the use of pharmaceutical drugs for an unapproved indication or in an unapproved age group, dosage, or route of administration.
Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer.
Oral rehydration therapy (ORT) is a type of fluid replacement used to prevent and treat dehydration, especially that due to diarrhea.
In biology, an organism (from Greek: ὀργανισμός, organismos) is any individual entity that exhibits the properties of life.
Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are medicines sold directly to a consumer without a prescription from a healthcare professional, as opposed to prescription drugs, which may be sold only to consumers possessing a valid prescription.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Oxygen therapy, also known as supplemental oxygen, is the use of oxygen as a medical treatment.
Ozone, or trioxygen, is an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula.
Ozone therapy is a form of alternative medicine treatment that purports to increase the amount of oxygen in the body through the introduction of ozone.
Palliative care is a multidisciplinary approach to specialized medical and nursing care for people with life-limiting illnesses.
In the physical sciences, a particle (or corpuscule in older texts) is a small localized object to which can be ascribed several physical or chemical properties such as volume, density or mass.
Particle therapy is a form of external beam radiotherapy using beams of energetic protons, neutrons, or positive ions for cancer treatment.
A pet or companion animal is an animal kept primarily for a person's company, protection, or entertainment rather than as a working animal, livestock, or laboratory animal.
Phage therapy or viral phage therapy is the therapeutic use of bacteriophages to treat pathogenic bacterial infections.
A pharmacological chaperone (or pharmacoperone, from "protein chaperone") is a small molecule that enters cells and serves as a molecular scaffolding in order to cause otherwise-misfolded mutant proteins to fold and route correctly within the cell.
Pharmacotherapy is therapy using pharmaceutical drugs, as distinguished from therapy using surgery (surgical therapy), radiation (radiation therapy), movement (physical therapy), or other modes.
Phonemic neurological hypochromium therapy (PNHT) is a technique that uses insemination devices to implement chromium (Cr3+) into the hypothalamic regions of the brain.
Photodynamic therapy (PDT), sometimes called photochemotherapy, is a form of phototherapy involving light and a photosensitizing chemical substance, used in conjunction with molecular oxygen to elicit cell death (phototoxicity).
Photothermal therapy (PTT) refers to efforts to use electromagnetic radiation (most often in infrared wavelengths) for the treatment of various medical conditions, including cancer.
Physical therapy (PT), also known as physiotherapy, is one of the allied health professions that, by using mechanical force and movements (bio-mechanics or kinesiology), manual therapy, exercise therapy, and electrotherapy, remediates impairments and promotes mobility and function.
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
Platinum is a chemical element with symbol Pt and atomic number 78.
Platinum-based antineoplastic drugs (informally called platins) are chemotherapeutic agents used to treat cancer.
In psychology and ethology, play is a range of voluntary, intrinsically motivated activities normally associated with recreational pleasure and enjoyment.
Play therapy is a method of meeting and responding to the mental health needs of children and is extensively acknowledged by experts as an effective and suitable intervention in dealing with children’s brain development.
Poliomyelitis, often called polio or infantile paralysis, is an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus.
A post-anesthesia care unit, often abbreviated PACU and sometimes referred to as post-anesthesia recovery or PAR, is a vital part of hospitals, ambulatory care centers, and other medical facilities.
Menopausal hormone therapy (MHT), or postmenopausal hormone therapy (PHT, PMHT), also known as hormone replacement therapy in menopause, is a form of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) which is used in postmenopausal, perimenopausal, and surgically menopausal women.
Potassium is an essential mineral micronutrient and is the main intracellular ion for all types of cells.
Premedication is using medication before some other therapy (usually surgery or chemotherapy) to prepare for that forthcoming therapy.
Preventive healthcare (alternately preventive medicine, preventative healthcare/medicine, or prophylaxis) consists of measures taken for disease prevention, as opposed to disease treatment.
Primary care is the day-to-day healthcare given by a health care provider.
A professional is a member of a profession or any person who earns their living from a specified professional activity.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Protein replacement therapy is a medical treatment that supplements or replaces a protein in patients in whom that particular protein is deficient or absent.
In the natural sciences a protocol is a predefined written procedural method in the design and implementation of experiments.
In the field of medical procedures, Proton therapy, or proton beam therapy is a type of particle therapy that uses a beam of protons to irradiate diseased tissue, most often in the treatment of cancer.
A psychiatrist is a physician who specializes in psychiatry, the branch of medicine devoted to the diagnosis, prevention, study, and treatment of mental disorders.
Psychoeducation is an evidence-based therapeutic intervention for patients and their loved ones that provides information and support to better understand and cope with illness.
A psychologist studies normal and abnormal mental states from cognitive, emotional, and social processes and behavior by observing, interpreting, and recording how individuals relate to one another and to their environments.
Psychotherapy is the use of psychological methods, particularly when based on regular personal interaction, to help a person change behavior and overcome problems in desired ways.
Pulsed electromagnetic field therapy (PEMFT), also known as low field magnetic stimulation (LFMS), and tumor treating fields (TTF) uses electromagnetic fields in an attempt to heal non-union fractures, glioblastomas (brain tumors) and depression.
PUVA (psoralen and ultraviolet A) is an ultraviolet light therapy treatment for eczema, psoriasis, graft-versus-host disease, vitiligo, mycosis fungoides, large-plaque parapsoriasis and cutaneous T-cell lymphoma using the sensitizing effects of the drug psoralen.
Quackery or health fraud is the promotion of fraudulent or ignorant medical practices.
In physics, radiation is the emission or transmission of energy in the form of waves or particles through space or through a material medium.
Radiation therapy or radiotherapy, often abbreviated RT, RTx, or XRT, is therapy using ionizing radiation, generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells and normally delivered by a linear accelerator.
Radionics (also called electromagnetic therapy (EMT)) is a form of alternative medicine that claims disease can be diagnosed and treated by applying electromagnetic radiation (EMR), such as radio waves, to the body from an electrically powered device.
A radionuclide (radioactive nuclide, radioisotope or radioactive isotope) is an atom that has excess nuclear energy, making it unstable.
Radiosurgery is surgery using radiation, that is, the destruction of precisely selected areas of tissue using ionizing radiation rather than excision with a blade.
Reading is a complex "cognitive process" of decoding symbols in order to construct or derive meaning (reading comprehension).
Recreation is an activity of leisure, leisure being discretionary time.
According to the American Therapeutic Recreation Association (ATRA), recreational therapy or therapeutic recreation (TR) is a systematic process that utilizes recreation (leisure) and other interest activities as interventions to address the assessed needs of individuals with illnesses and/or disabling conditions, as a means to psychological and physical health, recovery and well-being.
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
Salvage therapy, also known as rescue therapy, is a form of therapy given after an ailment does not respond to standard therapy.
A sauna, or sudatory, is a small room or building designed as a place to experience dry or wet heat sessions, or an establishment with one or more of these facilities.
Sea spray refers to aerosol particles that are formed directly from the ocean, mostly by ejection into the atmosphere by bursting bubbles at the air-sea interface.
A seaside resort is a resort town or resort hotel, located on the coast.
Seawater, or salt water, is water from a sea or ocean.
In health care, self-care is any necessary human regulatory function which is under individual control, deliberate and self-initiated.
In linguistics, a semantic field is a set of words grouped semantically (by meaning) that refers to a specific subject.
Sensory art therapy is a type of treatment that uses all kinds of art (including music, visual art, and dance) to explore emotions, resolve psychological conflicts, reduce anxiety, as well as decrease physical pain.
In blood, the serum is the component that is neither a blood cell (serum does not contain white or red blood cells) nor a clotting factor; it is the blood plasma not including the fibrinogens.
Service animals are animals that have been trained to perform tasks that assist people with disabilities.
In medicine, a side effect is an effect, whether therapeutic or adverse, that is secondary to the one intended; although the term is predominantly employed to describe adverse effects, it can also apply to beneficial, but unintended, consequences of the use of a drug.
Sleep is a naturally recurring state of mind and body, characterized by altered consciousness, relatively inhibited sensory activity, inhibition of nearly all voluntary muscles, and reduced interactions with surroundings.
Slow-wave sleep (SWS), often referred to as deep sleep, consists of stage three (combined stages 3 and 4) of non-rapid eye movement sleep.
Sonodynamic therapy involves the use of drugs that only become cytotoxic upon exposure to ultrasound.
In physics, sound is a vibration that typically propagates as an audible wave of pressure, through a transmission medium such as a gas, liquid or solid.
A spa town is a resort town based on a mineral spa (a developed mineral spring).
Speleotherapy (Greek σπήλαιον spḗlaion "cave") is a proposed respiratory therapy involving breathing inside a cave.
In tort law, the standard of care is the only degree of prudence and caution required of an individual who is under a duty of care.
Stem cells are biological cells that can differentiate into other types of cells and can divide to produce more of the same type of stem cells.
Stem-cell therapy is the use of stem cells to treat or prevent a disease or condition.
In managed medical care step therapy is an approach to prescription intended to control the costs and risks posed by prescription drugs.
Stereotactic radiation therapy, also called stereotactic external-beam radiation therapy and stereotaxic radiation therapy, is a type of external radiation therapy that uses special equipment to position the patient and precisely deliver radiation to a tumor.
Supportive psychotherapy is a psychotherapeutic approach that integrates psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, and interpersonal conceptual models and techniques.
A synonym is a word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language.
Systemic administration is a route of administration of medication, nutrition or other substance into the circulatory system so that the entire body is affected.
In psychotherapy, systemic therapy seeks to address people not only on the individual level, as had been the focus of earlier forms of therapy, but also as people in relationships, dealing with the interactions of groups and their interactional patterns and dynamics.
T cell vaccination is immunization with inactivated autoreactive T cells.
Targeted therapy or molecularly targeted therapy is one of the major modalities of medical treatment (pharmacotherapy) for cancer, others being hormonal therapy and cytotoxic chemotherapy.
Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.
A tertiary referral hospital (also called a tertiary hospital, tertiary referral center, or tertiary care center, or tertiary center) is a hospital that provides tertiary care, which is health care from specialists in a large hospital after referral from primary care and secondary care.
Therapeutic inertia (also known as clinical inertia) is a measurement of the resistance to therapeutic treatment for an existing medical condition.
Therapeutic nihilism is a contention that it is impossible to cure people or societies of their ills through treatment.
A therapy cat is a cat trained to help ailing humans in a medically beneficial way to take advantage of the human-animal interaction for purposes of relaxation and healing.
A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and are defined but not covered or protected under the Federal Housing Act or Americans with Disabilities act.
Therapy freedom is the freedom of a physician to apply whichever therapy he or she believes to be appropriate, considering all his or her medical knowledge.
Threatened species are any species (including animals, plants, fungi, etc.) which are vulnerable to endangerment in the near future.
TK is an experimental cell therapy which may be used to treat high-risk leukemia.
Transdermal Continuous Oxygen Therapy (TCOT, also known as Transdermal Continuous Oxygen Wound Therapy) is a wound closure technique for chronic and acute wounds which blankets a wound in oxygen on a 24-hour basis until the wound heals.
Transgender hormone therapy, also sometimes called cross-sex hormone therapy, is a form of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in which sex hormones and other hormonal medications are administered to transgender or gender variant individuals for the purpose of more closely aligning their secondary sexual characteristics with their gender identity.
Transgender hormone therapy of the female-to-male (FTM) type, also known as masculinizing hormone therapy, is a form of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and sex reassignment therapy which is used to change the secondary sexual characteristics of transgender people from feminine (or androgynous) to masculine.
Transgender hormone therapy of the male-to-female (MTF) type, also known as feminizing hormone therapy, is a form of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and sex reassignment therapy which is used to change the secondary sexual characteristics of transgender people from masculine (or androgynous) to feminine.
Cancer can be treated by surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormonal therapy, targeted therapy (including immunotherapy such as monoclonal antibody therapy) and synthetic lethality.
Ultrasound is sound waves with frequencies higher than the upper audible limit of human hearing.
Ultraviolet light therapy or ultraviolet phototherapy is a form of treatment for certain skin disorders including atopic skin disorder and vitiligo when used with psoralen to form the PUVA treatment.
Urine is a liquid by-product of metabolism in humans and in many animals.
In alternative medicine, urine therapy or urotherapy, (also urinotherapy or uropathy or auto-urine therapy) is the application of human urine for medicinal or cosmetic purposes, including drinking of one's own urine and massaging one's skin, or gums, with one's own urine.
A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease.
A ventricular assist device (VAD) is an electromechanical device for assisting cardiac circulation, which is used either to partially or to completely replace the function of a failing heart.
Virotherapy is a treatment using biotechnology to convert viruses into therapeutic agents by reprogramming viruses to treat diseases.
A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.
Wake therapy is a form of sleep deprivation used as a treatment for depression.
Waon therapy, developed in Japan, is a sauna-like form of hyperthermia therapy for patients with chronic heart failure.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
White blood cells (WBCs), also called leukocytes or leucocytes, are the cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting the body against both infectious disease and foreign invaders.
In linguistics, a word sense is one of the meanings of a word (some words have multiple meanings, some words have only one meaning).
A working animal is an animal, usually domesticated, that is kept by humans and trained to perform tasks.
Worms are many different distantly related animals that typically have a long cylindrical tube-like body and no limbs.
Writing is a medium of human communication that represents language and emotion with signs and symbols.
Writing therapy is a form of expressive therapy that uses the act of writing and processing the written word as therapy.
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