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Theta role

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In generative grammar, a theta role or θ-role is the formal device for representing syntactic argument structure—the number and type of noun phrases—required syntactically by a particular verb. [1]

36 relations: Andrew Carnie, Argument (linguistics), Bijection, Cambridge University Press, Case grammar, Construction grammar, David Dowty, Deep structure and surface structure, Dependency grammar, Functional theories of grammar, Generative grammar, Government and binding theory, Grammatical relation, Head-driven phrase structure grammar, Heidi Harley, Holt McDougal, Ivan Sag, Joan Bresnan, Lexical functional grammar, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Morphosyntactic alignment, Noam Chomsky, Paul Postal, Peter Culicover, Ray Jackendoff, Robert Van Valin Jr., Role and reference grammar, Simpler Syntax, Subcategorization, Syntactic expletive, Tanya Reinhart, Thematic relation, Theoretical Linguistics (journal), Theta criterion, University of Chicago Press, Valency (linguistics).

Andrew Carnie

Andrew Carnie (born April 19, 1969) is a Canadian professor of linguistics at the University of Arizona.

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Argument (linguistics)

In linguistics, an argument is an expression that helps complete the meaning of a predicate, the latter referring in this context to a main verb and its auxiliaries.

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Bijection

In mathematics, a bijection, bijective function, or one-to-one correspondence is a function between the elements of two sets, where each element of one set is paired with exactly one element of the other set, and each element of the other set is paired with exactly one element of the first set.

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Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

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Case grammar

Case grammar is a system of linguistic analysis, focusing on the link between the valence, or number of subjects, objects, etc., of a verb and the grammatical context it requires.

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Construction grammar

In linguistics, construction grammar groups a number of models of grammar that all subscribe to the idea that knowledge of a language is based on a collection of "form and function pairings".

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David Dowty

David Roach Dowty is a linguist known primarily for his work in semantic and syntactic theory, and especially in Montague grammar and Categorial grammar.

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Deep structure and surface structure

Deep structure and surface structure (also D-structure and S-structure, although these abbreviated forms are sometimes used with distinct meanings) are concepts used in linguistics, specifically in the study of syntax in the Chomskyan tradition of transformational generative grammar.

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Dependency grammar

Dependency grammar (DG) is a class of modern grammatical theories that are all based on the dependency relation (as opposed to the constituency relation) and that can be traced back primarily to the work of Lucien Tesnière.

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Functional theories of grammar

Functional theories of grammar are those approaches to the study of language that see functionality of language and its elements to be the key to understanding linguistic processes and structures.

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Generative grammar

Generative grammar is a linguistic theory that regards grammar as a system of rules that generates exactly those combinations of words that form grammatical sentences in a given language.

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Government and binding theory

Government and binding (GB, GBT) is a theory of syntax and a phrase structure grammar in the tradition of transformational grammar developed principally by Noam Chomsky in the 1980s.

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Grammatical relation

In linguistics, grammatical relations (also called grammatical functions, grammatical roles, or syntactic functions) refer to functional relationships between constituents in a clause.

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Head-driven phrase structure grammar

Head-driven phrase structure grammar (HPSG) is a highly lexicalized, constraint-based grammar developed by Carl Pollard and Ivan Sag.

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Heidi Harley

Heidi B. Harley (born September 26, 1969) is a Professor of Linguistics at the University of Arizona.

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Holt McDougal

Holt McDougal is an American publishing company, a division of Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, that specializes in textbooks for use in secondary schools.

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Ivan Sag

Ivan Andrew Sag (November 9, 1949 - September 10, 2013) was an American linguist and cognitive scientist.

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Joan Bresnan

Joan Wanda Bresnan FBA (born August 22, 1945) is Sadie Dernham Patek Professor in Humanities Emerita at Stanford University.

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Lexical functional grammar

Lexical functional grammar (LFG) is a constraint-based grammar framework in theoretical linguistics.

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Massachusetts Institute of Technology

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.

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Morphosyntactic alignment

In linguistics, morphosyntactic alignment is the grammatical relationship between arguments—specifically, between the two arguments (in English, subject and object) of transitive verbs like the dog chased the cat, and the single argument of intransitive verbs like the cat ran away.

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Noam Chomsky

Avram Noam Chomsky (born December 7, 1928) is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic and political activist.

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Paul Postal

Paul Martin Postal (born November 10, 1936 in Weehawken, New Jersey) is an American linguist and member of the faculty of New York University.

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Peter Culicover

Peter W. Culicover is Professor of Linguistics at Ohio State University.

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Ray Jackendoff

Ray Jackendoff (born January 23, 1945) is an American linguist.

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Robert Van Valin Jr.

Robert D. Van Valin Jr (born February 1, 1952) is an American linguist and the principal researcher behind the development of Role and Reference Grammar, a functional theory of grammar encompassing syntax, semantics and discourse pragmatics.

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Role and reference grammar

Role and reference grammar (RRG) is a model of grammar developed by William A. Foley and Robert Van Valin, Jr. in the 1980s, which incorporates many of the points of view of current functional grammar theories.

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Simpler Syntax

Simpler Syntax is the title of a 2005 book by Peter Culicover and Ray Jackendoff.

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Subcategorization

In linguistics, subcategorization denotes the ability/necessity for lexical items (usually verbs) to require/allow the presence and types of the syntactic arguments with which they co-occur.

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Syntactic expletive

A syntactic expletive (abbreviated) is a word that performs a syntactic role but contributes nothing to meaning.

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Tanya Reinhart

Tanya Reinhart (טניה ריינהרט; July 1943 – March 17, 2007) was an Israeli linguist who wrote frequently on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

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Thematic relation

In linguistics, thematic relations, within certain theories, are the various roles that a noun phrase may play with respect to the action or state described by a governing verb, commonly the sentence's main verb.

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Theoretical Linguistics (journal)

Theoretical Linguistics is an international peer-reviewed journal of theoretical linguistics published by Mouton de Gruyter.

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Theta criterion

The theta-criterion (also named θ-criterion) is a constraint on x-bar theory that was first proposed by as a rule within the system of principles of the government and binding theory, called theta-theory (θ-theory).

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University of Chicago Press

The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.

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Valency (linguistics)

In linguistics, verb valency or valence is the number of arguments controlled by a verbal predicate.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theta_role

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