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Third generation of video game consoles

Index Third generation of video game consoles

In the history of computer and video games, the third generation (sometimes referred to as the 8-bit era) began on July 15, 1983, with the Japanese release of both the Family Computer (referred to in Japan in the abbreviated form "Famicom", and later known as the Nintendo Entertainment System, or NES, in the rest of the world) and SG-1000. [1]

186 relations: ABC-CLIO, Action Max, Action Replay, Alex Kidd, Alex Kidd in Miracle World, Americas, Amstrad CPC, Amstrad GX4000, Asia, Atari, Atari 2600, Atari 7800, Atari Corporation, Atari XEGS, Audio bit depth, Backward compatibility, Bandai Namco Entertainment, Bomberman, Bram Stoker, Brazil, Buck Rogers, Byte, Canadian dollar, Capcom, Castlevania, Castlevania (1986 video game), Censorship, Central processing unit, Cf., Clock rate, ColecoVision, Color depth, Commodore 64, Commodore 64 Games System, Computer Gaming World, Computer memory, D-pad, Datacard, Differential pulse-code modulation, Dina (video game console), Display list, Display resolution, Dracula, Dragon Ball, Dragon Quest, Dragon Quest (video game), Dynamic random-access memory, Educational game, Enix, Epoch Co., ..., Epyx, Famicom 3D System, Family Computer Disk System, Final Fantasy, Final Fantasy (video game), Floppy disk, Fourth generation of video game consoles, Framebuffer, Frequency modulation synthesis, Game Boy, Game Boy Color, Game Boy Micro, Game controller, Game design, Glossary of video game terms, Graphics processing unit, Guinness World Records, Hang-On, Hertz, History of the Nintendo Entertainment System, History of video games, Home computer, Hue, Internationalization and localization, Interrupt request (PC architecture), Japan, Japanese yen, Kibibyte, Konami, List of best-selling video games, List of Nintendo Entertainment System accessories, List of video game console palettes, Lithuania, LJN Video Art, Luma (video), Magnetic tape data storage, Marksman Shooting & Trap Shooting, Master System, Mega Man, Mega Man (original series), Mega Man 2, Megami Tensei, Memory management controller, Metal Gear, Metal Gear (video game), Metroid, Metroid (video game), Monaural, MOS Technology 6502, MSX, My Vision, NEC, Neo Tokyo, NES Advantage, NES Four Score, NES Satellite, NES Zapper, Ninja Gaiden, Nintendo, Nintendo DS, Nintendo Entertainment Analysis & Development, Nintendo Entertainment System, Nintendo Research & Development 1, North America, NTSC, Oceania, Paddle (game controller), PAL, Parallax scrolling, Peer pressure, Phantasy Star, Philips Videopac + G7400, Picture Processing Unit, Pixel, POKEY, Pole Position II, Pound sterling, Power Pad, Programmable sound generator, PV-1000, R.O.B., Random House, Random-access memory, Raster interrupt, Ricoh, Ricoh 2A03, Role-playing video game, ROM cartridge, Sample-based synthesis, Sampling (signal processing), Scan line, Science fiction, Screen Digest, Scrolling, Second generation of video game consoles, Sega, Sega Genesis, SG-1000, Side-scrolling video game, Sonic the Hedgehog (1991 video game), Sound chip, Soviet Union, Spike Chunsoft, Sprite (computer graphics), Square (company), Square wave, Stereoscopic video game, Super Cassette Vision, Super Mario Bros., Super Mario Bros. 3, Television Interface Adaptor, Texas Instruments SN76489, Texas Instruments TMS9918, The Legend of Zelda, The Legend of Zelda (video game), Tile-based video game, Triangle wave, United States, United States dollar, Universo Online, Video game crash of 1983, Video game design, Video RAM (dual-ported DRAM), View-Master Interactive Vision, VTech Socrates, Western Europe, White noise, XG-1, Yamaha Corporation, Yamaha YM2413, Zemmix, Zilog Z80, 16-bit, 1UP.com, 2.5D, 8-bit. Expand index (136 more) »

ABC-CLIO

ABC-CLIO, LLC is a publishing company for academic reference works and periodicals primarily on topics such as history and social sciences for educational and public library settings.

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Action Max

Action Max is a home video game console using VHS tapes for games.

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Action Replay

Action Replay is the brand name of a cheating device (such as cheat cartridges) created by Datel.

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Alex Kidd

is a video game character whose popularity peaked during the late 1980s and who was the protagonist of both a series of video games released by Sega and their fictional universe, as well as in numerous spin-off merchandise such as novelizations and comics.

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Alex Kidd in Miracle World

is a platform game for the Master System.

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Americas

The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.

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Amstrad CPC

The Amstrad CPC (short for Colour Personal Computer) is a series of 8-bit home computers produced by Amstrad between 1984 and 1990.

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Amstrad GX4000

The GX4000 is a video game console that was manufactured by Amstrad.

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Asia

Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.

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Atari

Atari is a corporate and brand name owned by several entities since its inception in 1972, currently by Atari Interactive, a subsidiary of the French publisher Atari, SA.

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Atari 2600

The Atari 2600 (or Atari Video Computer System before November 1982) is a home video game console from Atari, Inc. Released on September 11, 1977, it is credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor-based hardware and games contained on ROM cartridges, a format first used with the Fairchild Channel F in 1976.

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Atari 7800

The Atari 7800 ProSystem, or simply the Atari 7800, is a home video game console officially released by the Atari Corporation in 1986.

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Atari Corporation

Atari Corporation was an American manufacturer of computers and video game consoles from 1984 to 1996.

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Atari XEGS

The Atari XE Video Game System (Atari XEGS) is a home video game console released by Atari Corporation in 1987.

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Audio bit depth

In digital audio using pulse-code modulation (PCM), bit depth is the number of bits of information in each sample, and it directly corresponds to the resolution of each sample.

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Backward compatibility

Backward compatibility is a property of a system, product, or technology that allows for interoperability with an older legacy system, or with input designed for such a system, especially in telecommunications and computing.

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Bandai Namco Entertainment

Bandai Namco Entertainment Inc. (BNEI) is a Japanese video game development company and publisher.

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Bomberman

is a strategic, maze-based video game franchise originally developed by Hudson Soft and currently owned by Konami.

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Bram Stoker

Abraham "Bram" Stoker (8 November 1847 – 20 April 1912) was an Irish author, best known today for his 1897 Gothic novel Dracula.

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Brazil

Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.

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Buck Rogers

Buck Rogers is a fictional space opera character created by Philip Francis Nowlan in the novella Armageddon 2419 A.D., subsequently appearing in multiple media.

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Byte

The byte is a unit of digital information that most commonly consists of eight bits, representing a binary number.

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Canadian dollar

The Canadian dollar (symbol: $; code: CAD; dollar canadien) is the currency of Canada.

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Capcom

is a Japanese video game developer and publisher known for creating numerous multi-million selling game franchises, including Street Fighter, Mega Man, Resident Evil, Devil May Cry, Ace Attorney, Monster Hunter, and Dead Rising, as well as games based on the Disney animated properties.

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Castlevania

Castlevania is a series of gothic fantasy action-adventure video games created and developed by Konami, centered on the Belmont family, a clan of vampire hunters, and their fight with Dracula.

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Castlevania (1986 video game)

Castlevania is an action-platformer video game developed and published by Konami for the Family Computer Disk System video game console in Japan in September 1986.

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Censorship

Censorship is the suppression of speech, public communication, or other information, on the basis that such material is considered objectionable, harmful, sensitive, or "inconvenient" as determined by government authorities.

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Central processing unit

A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.

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Cf.

The abbreviation cf. (short for the confer/conferatur, both meaning "compare") is used in writing to refer the reader to other material to make a comparison with the topic being discussed.

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Clock rate

The clock rate typically refers to the frequency at which a chip like a central processing unit (CPU), one core of a multi-core processor, is running and is used as an indicator of the processor's speed.

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ColecoVision

The ColecoVision is Coleco Industries' second-generation home video-game console that was released in August 1982.

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Color depth

Color depth or colour depth (see spelling differences), also known as bit depth, is either the number of bits used to indicate the color of a single pixel, in a bitmapped image or video frame buffer, or the number of bits used for each color component of a single pixel.

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Commodore 64

The Commodore 64, also known as the C64 or the CBM 64, is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January 1982 by Commodore International (first shown at the Consumer Electronics Show, in Las Vegas, January 7–10, 1982).

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Commodore 64 Games System

The Commodore 64 Games System (often abbreviated C64GS) is the cartridge-based home video game console version of the popular Commodore 64 home computer.

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Computer Gaming World

Computer Gaming World (CGW) was an American computer game magazine published between 1981 and 2006.

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Computer memory

In computing, memory refers to the computer hardware integrated circuits that store information for immediate use in a computer; it is synonymous with the term "primary storage".

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D-pad

A D-pad (short for directional pad or digital pad; also known as a control pad) is a flat, usually thumb-operated four-way directional control with one button on each point, found on nearly all modern video game console gamepads, game controllers, on the remote control units of some television and DVD players, and smart phones.

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Datacard

A datacard is an electronic card for data operations (storage, transfer, transformation, input, output).

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Differential pulse-code modulation

Differential pulse-code modulation (DPCM) is a signal encoder that uses the baseline of pulse-code modulation (PCM) but adds some functionalities based on the prediction of the samples of the signal.

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Dina (video game console)

The Dina, also known in Taiwan as the Chuang Zao Zhe 50, is a video game console originally manufactured by Bit Corporation, later sold in the United States by Telegames as the Telegames Personal Arcade.

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Display list

A display list (or display file) is a series of graphics commands that define an output image.

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Display resolution

The display resolution or display modes of a digital television, computer monitor or display device is the number of distinct pixels in each dimension that can be displayed.

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Dracula

Dracula is an 1897 Gothic horror novel by Irish author Bram Stoker.

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Dragon Ball

is a Japanese media franchise created by Akira Toriyama in 1984.

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Dragon Quest

Dragon Quest, published as Dragon Warrior in North America until 2005, is a series of console role-playing video games created by Yuji Horii and his studio Armor Project.

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Dragon Quest (video game)

Dragon Quest is the first role-playing video game (RPG) in the Dragon Quest media franchise.

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Dynamic random-access memory

Dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) is a type of random access semiconductor memory that stores each bit of data in a separate tiny capacitor within an integrated circuit.

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Educational game

Educational games are games explicitly designed with educational purposes, or which have incidental or secondary educational value.

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Enix

was a Japanese video game publisher that produced video games, anime and manga.

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Epoch Co.

Epoch Co., Ltd. is a Japanese toy and computer games company founded in 1958 which is best known for manufacturing Barcode Battler and Doraemon video games, and the Sylvanian Families series of toys.

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Epyx

Epyx, Inc. was a video game developer and publisher active in the late 1970s and 1980s.

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Famicom 3D System

The Famicom 3D System is a Japan-exclusive accessory for the Family Computer releasedPlunkett, Luke.

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Family Computer Disk System

The, sometimes shortened as the or simply the, and abbreviated as the FDS or FCD, is a peripheral for Nintendo's Family Computer home video game console, released only in Japan on February 21, 1986.

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Final Fantasy

Final Fantasy is a science fiction and fantasy media franchise created by Hironobu Sakaguchi, and developed and owned by Square Enix (formerly Square).

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Final Fantasy (video game)

Final Fantasy is a fantasy role-playing video game developed and published by Square in 1987.

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Floppy disk

A floppy disk, also called a floppy, diskette, or just disk, is a type of disk storage composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium, sealed in a rectangular plastic enclosure lined with fabric that removes dust particles.

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Fourth generation of video game consoles

In the history of computer and video games, the fourth generation (more commonly referred to as the 16-bit era) of games consoles began on October 30, 1987 with the Japanese release of NEC Home Electronics' PC Engine (known as the TurboGrafx-16 in North America).

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Framebuffer

A framebuffer (frame buffer, or sometimes framestore) is a portion of RAM containing a bitmap that drives a video display.

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Frequency modulation synthesis

Frequency modulation synthesis (or FM synthesis) is a form of sound synthesis where the timbre of a simple waveform (such as a square, triangle, or sawtooth) called the carrier, is changed by modulating its frequency with a modulator frequency that is also in the same or similar audio range, so that a more complex timbre results.

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Game Boy

The is an 8-bit handheld game console which was developed and manufactured by Nintendo and first released on the 100th anniversary of Nintendo in Japan on, in North America on and in Europe on.

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Game Boy Color

The Game Boy Color (GBC) is a handheld game console manufactured by Nintendo, which was released on October 21, 1998 in Japan and was released in November of the same year in international markets.

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Game Boy Micro

(stylized as GAME BOY micro) is a handheld game console developed and manufactured by Nintendo.

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Game controller

A game controller is a device used with games or entertainment systems to provide input to a video game, typically to control an object or character in the game.

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Game design

Game design is the art of applying design and aesthetics to create a game for entertainment or for educational, exercise, or experimental purposes.

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Glossary of video game terms

This is a glossary of video game terms which lists the general terms as commonly used in Wikipedia articles related to video games and its industry.

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Graphics processing unit

A graphics processing unit (GPU) is a specialized electronic circuit designed to rapidly manipulate and alter memory to accelerate the creation of images in a frame buffer intended for output to a display device.

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Guinness World Records

Guinness World Records, known from its inception in 1955 until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records and in previous United States editions as The Guinness Book of World Records, is a reference book published annually, listing world records both of human achievements and the extremes of the natural world.

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Hang-On

is an arcade game designed by Yu Suzuki and released by Sega in 1985.

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Hertz

The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.

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History of the Nintendo Entertainment System

Nintendo's 8-bit video game console, the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES), known in Japan as the or, was introduced after the video game crash of 1983, and was instrumental in revitalizing the industry.

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History of video games

The history of video games goes as far back as the early 1950s, when academic computer scientists began designing simple games and simulations as part of their research.

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Home computer

Home computers were a class of microcomputers entering the market in 1977, and becoming common during the 1980s.

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Hue

Hue is one of the main properties (called color appearance parameters) of a color, defined technically (in the CIECAM02 model), as "the degree to which a stimulus can be described as similar to or different from stimuli that are described as red, green, blue, and yellow", (which in certain theories of color vision are called unique hues).

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Internationalization and localization

In computing, internationalization and localization are means of adapting computer software to different languages, regional differences and technical requirements of a target locale.

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Interrupt request (PC architecture)

In a computer, an interrupt request (or IRQ) is a hardware signal sent to the processor that temporarily stops a running program and allows a special program, an interrupt handler, to run instead.

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Japan

Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Japanese yen

The is the official currency of Japan.

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Kibibyte

The kibibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for quantities of digital information.

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Konami

, commonly referred to as Konami, is a Japanese entertainment and gaming conglomerate.

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List of best-selling video games

This is a list of the best-selling video games of all time.

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List of Nintendo Entertainment System accessories

This is a list of accessories released for the Nintendo Entertainment System (known in Japan as the Family Computer, or Famicom) by Nintendo and other various Third Party manufacturers.

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List of video game console palettes

This is a list of the full color palettes for notable video game console hardware.

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Lithuania

Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.

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LJN Video Art

The LJN Video Art is an educational home video game console that was developed and manufactured by LJN.

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Luma (video)

In video, luma represents the brightness in an image (the "black-and-white" or achromatic portion of the image).

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Magnetic tape data storage

Magnetic tape data storage is a system for storing digital information on magnetic tape using digital recording.

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Marksman Shooting & Trap Shooting

Marksman Shooting & Trap Shooting is a light gun shooter compilation game released for Sega Master System in North America in 1986.

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Master System

The is a third-generation home video game console that was manufactured by Sega.

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Mega Man

Mega Man, known as in Japan, is a video game franchise created by Capcom, starring the robot character Mega Man, or one of his many counterparts.

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Mega Man (original series)

The original Mega Man series is the first series of Mega Man action platform video games from Capcom, which debuted in Japan on December 17, 1987 on the Famicom with the release of Mega Man.

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Mega Man 2

Mega Man 2, known in Japan as Rockman 2: The Mystery of Dr.

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Megami Tensei

Megami Tensei, marketed internationally as Shin Megami Tensei (formerly Revelations), is a Japanese media franchise created by Kouji Okada (credited as Cozy Okada in English), Ginichiro Suzuki, and Kazunari Suzuki.

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Memory management controller

Multi-memory controllers or memory management controllers (MMC) are different kinds of special chips designed by various video game developers for use in Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) cartridges.

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Metal Gear

is a series of action-adventure stealth video games, created by Hideo Kojima and developed and published by Konami.

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Metal Gear (video game)

Metal Gear is an overhead military action-adventure stealth video game originally released in by Konami for the MSX2 computer in Japan and parts of Europe.

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Metroid

Metroid is an action game franchise created by Nintendo.

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Metroid (video game)

Metroid is an action-adventure video game developed and published by Nintendo.

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Monaural

Monaural or monophonic sound reproduction (often shortened to mono) is sound intended to be heard as if it were emanating from one position.

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MOS Technology 6502

The MOS Technology 6502 (typically "sixty-five-oh-two" or "six-five-oh-two") William Mensch and the moderator both pronounce the 6502 microprocessor as "sixty-five-oh-two".

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MSX

MSX is a standardized home computer architecture, first announced by Microsoft on June 16, 1983, and marketed by Kazuhiko Nishi, then Vice-president at Microsoft Japan and Director at ASCII Corporation.

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My Vision

The is a home video game console developed by Nichibutsu and released in Japan on 1983.

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NEC

is a Japanese multinational provider of information technology (IT) services and products, headquartered in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.

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Neo Tokyo

or "New Tokyo" is a common name for a fictional futuristic version of Tokyo often depicted in manga, anime and video games, originally belonging to Project Team Argos and Madhouse for their production of 迷宮物語, Meikyū Monogatari, Labyrinth Tales.

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NES Advantage

The NES Advantage is an arcade style controller released by Nintendo for the Nintendo Entertainment System in 1987.

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NES Four Score

The NES Four Score is a multitap accessory created by Nintendo in 1990 for the Nintendo Entertainment System.

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NES Satellite

The NES Satellite is a Nintendo Entertainment System multiplayer adaptor accessory (multitap), created by Nintendo and released in 1989 as a part of the NES Sports Set.

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NES Zapper

The NES Zapper, also known as The Gun or Beam Gun in Japan, is an electronic light gun accessory for the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) and the Japanese Famicom.

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Ninja Gaiden

is a series of video games by Tecmo featuring the ninja Ryu Hayabusa as its protagonist.

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Nintendo

Nintendo Co., Ltd. is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics and video game company headquartered in Kyoto.

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Nintendo DS

The Nintendo DS, or simply DS, is a dual-screen handheld game console developed and released by Nintendo.

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Nintendo Entertainment Analysis & Development

, or Nintendo EAD, formerly Nintendo Research & Development 4, or Nintendo R&D4, was the largest division inside Nintendo until it merged with Nintendo's other software division Software Planning & Development in September 2015, becoming Nintendo Entertainment Planning & Development.

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Nintendo Entertainment System

The Nintendo Entertainment System (commonly abbreviated as NES) is an 8-bit home video game console that was developed and manufactured by Nintendo.

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Nintendo Research & Development 1

(R&D1) was Nintendo's oldest development team.

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North America

North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.

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NTSC

NTSC, named after the National Television System Committee,National Television System Committee (1951–1953),, 17 v. illus., diagrs., tables.

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Oceania

Oceania is a geographic region comprising Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia and Australasia.

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Paddle (game controller)

A paddle is a game controller with a round wheel and one or more fire buttons, where the wheel is typically used to control movement of the player object along one axis of the video screen.

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PAL

Phase Alternating Line (PAL) is a color encoding system for analogue television used in broadcast television systems in most countries broadcasting at 625-line / 50 field (25 frame) per second (576i).

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Parallax scrolling

Parallax scrolling is a technique in computer graphics where background images move past the camera more slowly than foreground images, creating an illusion of depth in a 2D scene and adding to the sense of immersion in the virtual experience.

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Peer pressure

Peer pressure (or social pressure) is the direct influence on people by peers, or the effect on an individual who gets encouraged to follow their peers by changing their attitudes, values or behaviors to conform to those of the influencing group or individual.

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Phantasy Star

is a series of console role-playing video games and other supplementary media created by Sega.

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Philips Videopac + G7400

The Philips Videopac+ G7400 is a video game console released in limited quantities in 1983, and only in Europe; an American release as the Odyssey³ Command Center was planned but never occurred.

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Picture Processing Unit

The PPU (Picture Processing Unit), more specifically known as Ricoh RP2C02 (NTSC version) / RP2C07 (PAL version), is the integrated circuit in the Nintendo Entertainment System responsible for generating video signals from graphic data stored in memory.

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Pixel

In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.

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POKEY

The Pot Keyboard Integrated Circuit (POKEY) is a digital I/O chip designed for the Atari 8-bit family of home computers and found in Atari arcade games of the 1980s.

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Pole Position II

is the sequel to racing arcade game Pole Position, released by Namco in 1983.

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Pound sterling

The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.

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Power Pad

The Power Pad (known in Japan as Family Trainer, and in Europe and briefly in the United States as Family Fun Fitness) is a floor mat game controller for the Nintendo Entertainment System.

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Programmable sound generator

A programmable sound generator, or PSG, is a sound chip that generates sound waves by synthesizing multiple basic waveforms, and often some kind of noise generator (all controlled by writing data to dedicated registers in the sound chip, hence the name) and combining and mixing these waveforms into a complex waveform, then shaping the amplitude envelope of the resulting waveform using attack, decay, sustain, and release time periods, so that the resulting waveform then mimics a certain kind of sound.

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PV-1000

The is a home video game console manufactured by Casio and released in Japan in 1983.

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R.O.B.

R.O.B. (Robotic Operating Buddy), released in Japan as the, is an accessory for the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES).

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Random House

Random House is an American book publisher and the largest general-interest paperback publisher in the world.

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Random-access memory

Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.

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Raster interrupt

A raster interrupt (also called a horizontal blank interrupt) is a computer interrupt signal that is used for display timing purposes.

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Ricoh

is a Japanese multinational imaging and electronics company.

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Ricoh 2A03

RP2A03E The Ricoh 2A03 or RP2A03 (NTSC version) / Ricoh 2A07 or RP2A07 (PAL version) is the 8-bit microprocessor in the Nintendo Entertainment System video game console manufactured by Ricoh.

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Role-playing video game

A role-playing video game (commonly referred to as simply a role-playing game or an RPG as well as a computer role-playing game or a CRPG) is a video game genre where the player controls the actions of a character (and/or several party members) immersed in some well-defined world.

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ROM cartridge

A ROM cartridge, sometimes referred to simply as a cartridge or cart, is a removable enclosure containing ROM designed to be connected to a consumer electronics device such as a home computer, video game console and to a lesser extent, electronic musical instruments.

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Sample-based synthesis

Sample-based synthesis is a form of audio synthesis that can be contrasted to either subtractive synthesis or additive synthesis.

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Sampling (signal processing)

In signal processing, sampling is the reduction of a continuous-time signal to a discrete-time signal.

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Scan line

A scan line (also scanline) is one line, or row, in a raster scanning pattern, such as a line of video on a cathode ray tube (CRT) display of a television set or computer monitor.

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Science fiction

Science fiction (often shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction, typically dealing with imaginative concepts such as advanced science and technology, spaceflight, time travel, and extraterrestrial life.

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Screen Digest

Screen Digest Ltd is a company providing business intelligence, research and analysis on the global media markets based in London, United Kingdom, that has grown out of a monthly journal of that name that was founded in 1971.

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Scrolling

In computer displays, filmmaking, television production, and other kinetic displays, scrolling is sliding text, images or video across a monitor or display, vertically or horizontally.

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Second generation of video game consoles

The second generation of computer and video games began in 1976 with the release of the Fairchild Channel F. It coincided with and was partly fuelled by the golden age of arcade video games, a peak era of popularity and innovation for the medium.

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Sega

Sega Games Co., Ltd., originally short for Service Games and officially styled as SEGA, is a Japanese multinational video game developer and publisher headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, with offices around the world.

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Sega Genesis

The Sega Genesis, known as the in regions outside of North America, is a 16-bit home video game console developed and sold by Sega.

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SG-1000

The also known as the Sega Computer Video Game SG-1000, is a home video game console manufactured by Sega and released in Japan, Australia, and other regions.

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Side-scrolling video game

A side-scrolling game, side-scroller or 2D is a video game in which the gameplay action is viewed from a side-view camera angle, and the onscreen characters can generally only move to the left or right.

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Sonic the Hedgehog (1991 video game)

is a platform game developed by Sonic Team and published by Sega for the Sega Genesis console.

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Sound chip

A sound chip is an integrated circuit (i.e. "chip") designed to produce sound.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Spike Chunsoft

is a Japanese video game development and localization company specializing in role-playing video game and visual novels.

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Sprite (computer graphics)

In computer graphics, a sprite is a two-dimensional bitmap that is integrated into a larger scene.

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Square (company)

was a Japanese video game company founded in September 1986 by Masafumi Miyamoto.

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Square wave

A square wave is a non-sinusoidal periodic waveform in which the amplitude alternates at a steady frequency between fixed minimum and maximum values, with the same duration at minimum and maximum.

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Stereoscopic video game

A stereoscopic video game (also S-3D video game) is a video game which uses stereoscopic technologies to create depth perception for the player by any form of stereo display.

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Super Cassette Vision

The is a home video game console made by Epoch Co. and released in Japan on July 17, 1984, and in Europe, specifically France, later in 1984.

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Super Mario Bros.

Super Mario Bros. is a platform video game developed and published by Nintendo.

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Super Mario Bros. 3

Super Mario Bros.

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Television Interface Adaptor

The Television Interface Adaptor (TIA) is the custom computer chip that is the heart of the Atari 2600 game console, generating the screen display, sound effects, and reading input controllers.

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Texas Instruments SN76489

The SN76489 Digital Complex Sound Generator (DCSG) is a TTL-compatible programmable sound generator chip from Texas Instruments.

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Texas Instruments TMS9918

VDP TMS9918A VDP TMS9918A VDP TMS9928A The TMS9918 is a Video Display Controller (VDC) manufactured by Texas Instruments, introduced in 1979.

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The Legend of Zelda

The Legend of Zelda is a high-fantasy action-adventure video game series created by Japanese game designers Shigeru Miyamoto and Takashi Tezuka.

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The Legend of Zelda (video game)

The Legend of Zelda is an action-adventure video game developed and published by Nintendo and designed by Shigeru Miyamoto and Takashi Tezuka.

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Tile-based video game

A tile-based video game is a type of video or video game where the playing area consists of small square (or, much less often, rectangular, parallelogram, or hexagonal) graphic images referred to as tiles laid out in a grid.

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Triangle wave

A triangle wave is a non-sinusoidal waveform named for its triangular shape.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States dollar

The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.

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Universo Online

Universo Online (known by the acronym UOL) is a Brazilian web content, products and services firm.

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Video game crash of 1983

The video game crash of 1983 (known as the Atari shock in Japan) was a large-scale recession in the video game industry that occurred from 1983 to 1985, primarily in North America, because of market saturation.

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Video game design

Video game design is the process of designing the content and rules of a video game in the pre-production stage and designing the gameplay, environment, storyline, and characters in the production stage.

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Video RAM (dual-ported DRAM)

Video RAM, or VRAM, is a dual-ported variant of dynamic RAM (DRAM), which was once commonly used to store the framebuffer in graphics adapters.

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View-Master Interactive Vision

View-Master Interactive Vision is an interactive movie VHS console game system, introduced in 1988 and nationally released in 1989 by View-Master Ideal Group, Inc.

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VTech Socrates

The VTech Socrates is an educational video game console released in 1988 by VTech.

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Western Europe

Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.

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White noise

In signal processing, white noise is a random signal having equal intensity at different frequencies, giving it a constant power spectral density.

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XG-1

The XG-1 is the light gun that came bundled with the Atari XEGS that was released in 1987.

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Yamaha Corporation

() is a Japanese multinational corporation and conglomerate with a very wide range of products and services, predominantly musical instruments, electronics and power sports equipment.

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Yamaha YM2413

The YM2413, a.k.a. OPLL, is a cost-reduced FM synthesis sound chip manufactured by Yamaha Corporation and based on their YM3812 (OPL2).

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Zemmix

Zemmix, trade mark and brand name of South Korean electronics company Daewoo Electronics Co., Ltd., is an MSX-based video game console brand.

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Zilog Z80

The Z80 CPU is an 8-bit based microprocessor.

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16-bit

16-bit microcomputers are computers in which 16-bit microprocessors were the norm.

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1UP.com

1UP.com was an American entertainment website that focused on video games.

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2.5D

The two-and-a-half-dimensional (2.5D, alternatively three-quarter and pseudo-3D) perspective is either 2D graphical projections and similar techniques used to cause images or scenes to simulate the appearance of being three-dimensional (3D) when in fact they are not, or gameplay in an otherwise three-dimensional video game that is restricted to a two-dimensional plane or has a virtual camera with a fixed angle.

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8-bit

8-bit is also a generation of microcomputers in which 8-bit microprocessors were the norm.

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Redirects here:

8 bit era, 8-bit Era, 8-bit era, Comparison of third-generation game consoles, History of video game consoles (third generation), History of video games (8-bit era), History of video games (Third generation era), History of video games (third generation era), NES era, Nintendo era, Third generation of video games consoles, Third generation video game console, Third generation video game consoles, Video game console (third generation).

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_generation_of_video_game_consoles

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