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Thirty-Nine Articles

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The Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion are the historically defining statements of doctrines of the Church of England with respect to the controversies of the English Reformation. [1]

119 relations: Anabaptists, Anglican ministry, Anglican sacraments, Anglicanism, Anno Domini, Apostolic succession, Archbishop, Archbishop of Armagh (Church of Ireland), Archbishop of Canterbury, Articles of Religion (Methodist), Athanasian Creed, Augsburg Confession, Banner of Truth Trust, Believer's baptism, Book of Common Prayer, Boydell & Brewer, Calvinism, Catholic Church, Catholicism, Charles I of England, Chastity, Chicago-Lambeth Quadrilateral, Christian worship, Church of England, Church of Ireland, Clerical celibacy, Confession (religion), Convocations of Canterbury and York, Cuthbert Tunstall, Economy of Salvation, Edmund Bonner, Edmund Gheast, Edward Foxe, Edward Lee (bishop), Edward VI of England, Elizabeth I of England, English Reformation, Episcopal polity, Eucharist, Evangelicalism, Excommunication, Friedrich Myconius, Great Bible, Greek Orthodox Church, Henry Chadwick (theologian), Henry VIII of England, Holy orders, House of Lords, Hugh Latimer, James Ussher, ..., John Baker (died 1558), John Bell (bishop), John Bramhall, John Clerk (bishop), John Duncan Mackie, John Edmunds (academic), John Henry Newman, John Hilsey, John Longland, John Stokesley, John Vesey, John Wesley, Justification (theology), Kent, Laity, Lambeth Palace, Lutheranism, Mary I of England, Mass (liturgy), Matthew Parker, Methodism, Middle Ages, Nicholas Heath, Nicholas Ridley (martyr), Nicholas Shaxton, Nicholas Wotton, Oliver O'Donovan, Oxford Movement, Oxford University Press, Pelagianism, Pope, Pope Pius V, Protestant Reformation, Protestantism, Puritans, Regnans in Excelsis, Religion in the United Kingdom, Religious text, Richard Cox (bishop), Richard Sampson, Richard Smyth (theologian), Richard Woleman, Robert Aldrich (bishop), Robert Holgate, Sacrament, Sin, Sola fide, Stephen Gardiner, Superintendent (ecclesiastical), Test Act, Thomas Cranmer, Thomas Goodrich, Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, Tract 90, Transubstantiation, Trinity, United Methodist Church, University of Oxford, University Reform Act 1854, Via media, William Barlow (bishop of Chichester), William Buckmaster, William Cliffe, William Downes, William Knight (bishop), William May (theologian), William Rugg, Worship of angels, Yale University Press. Expand index (69 more) »


Anabaptism (from Neo-Latin anabaptista, from the Greek ἀναβαπτισμός: ἀνά- "over again" and βαπτισμός "baptism") is a Christian movement which traces its origins to the Radical Reformation.

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Anglican ministry

The Anglican ministry is both the leadership and agency of Christian service in the Anglican Communion.

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Anglican sacraments

In keeping with its prevailing self-identity as a via media or "middle path" of Western Christianity, Anglican sacramental theology expresses elements in keeping with its status as a church in the Catholic tradition and a church of the Reformation.

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Anglicanism is a tradition within Christianity comprising the Church of England and churches which are historically tied to it or hold similar beliefs, worship practices and church structures.

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Anno Domini

The terms anno Domini (AD or A.D.) and before Christ (BC or B.C.) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.

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Apostolic succession

Apostolic succession is the method whereby the ministry of the Christian Church is held to be derived from the apostles by a continuous succession, which has usually been associated with a claim that the succession is through a series of bishops.

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In many denominations of the Christian religion, an archbishop (via Latin archiepiscopus, from Greek ἀρχιεπίσκοπος, from ἀρχι-, "chief", and ἐπίσκοπος, "bishop") is a bishop of higher rank or office.

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Archbishop of Armagh (Church of Ireland)

The Anglican Archbishop of Armagh is the ecclesiastical head of the Church of Ireland, the metropolitan of the Province of Armagh and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Armagh.

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Archbishop of Canterbury

The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury. The current archbishop is Justin Welby. He is the 105th in a line which goes back more than 1400 years to Augustine of Canterbury, the "Apostle to the English", in the year 597. On 9 November 2012 it was officially announced that Welby, then the Bishop of Durham, had been appointed to succeed Rowan Williams as the 105th Archbishop of Canterbury. His enthronement took place in Canterbury Cathedral on 21 March 2013. From the time of Augustine until the 16th century, the Archbishops of Canterbury were in full communion with the See of Rome and thus usually received the pallium. During the English Reformation the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church, at first temporarily under Henry VIII and Edward VI and later permanently during the reign of Elizabeth I. In the Middle Ages there was considerable variation in the methods of nomination of the Archbishop of Canterbury and other bishops. At various times the choice was made by the canons of Canterbury Cathedral, the Pope, or the King of England. Since the English Reformation, the Church of England has been more explicitly a state church and the choice is legally that of the Crown; today it is made by the Queen on the advice of the Prime Minister, who receives a shortlist of two names from an "ad hoc" committee called the Crown Nominations Commission.

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Articles of Religion (Methodist)

The Articles of Religion are an official doctrinal statement of Methodism.

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Athanasian Creed

The Athanasian Creed, or Quicunque Vult (also Quicumque Vult), is a Christian statement of belief focused on Trinitarian doctrine and Christology.

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Augsburg Confession

The Augsburg Confession, also known as the "Augustana" from its Latin name, Confessio Augustana, is the primary confession of faith of the Lutheran Church and one of the most important documents of the Lutheran Reformation.

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Banner of Truth Trust

The Banner of Truth Trust is an evangelical and Reformed Christian non-profit by Iain H. Murray.

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Believer's baptism

Believer's baptism (occasionally called credobaptism, from the Latin word credo meaning "I believe") is the Christian practice of baptism as this is understood by many Protestant churches, particularly those that descend from the Anabaptist and English Baptist tradition.

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Book of Common Prayer

The Book of Common Prayer is the short title of a number of related prayer books used in the Anglican Communion, as well as by the Continuing Anglican, "Anglican realignment" and other Anglican churches.

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Boydell & Brewer

Boydell & Brewer is an academic press based in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England that specializes in publishing historical and critical works.

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Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is, the largest Christian church, with more than 1.25 billion members worldwide.

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Catholicism (from Greek καθολικισμός, katholikismos, "universal doctrine") and its adjectival form Catholic are used as broad terms for describing specific traditions in the Christian churches in theology, doctrine, liturgy, ethics, and spirituality.

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Charles I of England

Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.

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Chastity is sexual behavior of a man or woman that is acceptable to the moral standards and guidelines of their culture, civilization or religion.

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Chicago-Lambeth Quadrilateral

The Chicago-Lambeth Quadrilateral, frequently referred to as the Lambeth Quadrilateral or the Lambeth-Chicago Quadrilateral, is a four-point articulation of Anglican identity, often cited as encapsulating the fundamentals of the Communion's doctrine and as a reference-point for ecumenical discussion with other Christian denominations.

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Christian worship

In Christianity, worship is reverent honor and homage paid to God.

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Church of England

The Church of England is the officially-established Christian church in England, and the mother church of the worldwide Anglican Communion.

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Church of Ireland

The Church of Ireland (Eaglais na hÉireann) is a Christian church in Ireland and an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion.

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Clerical celibacy

Clerical celibacy is the requirement in certain religions that some or all members of the clergy be unmarried.

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Confession (religion)

Confession, in many religions, is the acknowledgment of one's sins (sinfulness) or wrongs.

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Convocations of Canterbury and York

The Convocations of Canterbury and York were of considerable importance until 1970 being the synodical assemblies of the Church of England consisting of bishops and clergy of each of the two provinces into which it is divided.

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Cuthbert Tunstall

Cuthbert Tunstall (otherwise spelt Tunstal or Tonstall; 1474 – 18 November 1559) was an English Scholastic, church leader, diplomat, administrator and royal adviser.

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Economy of Salvation

The Economy of Salvation is that part of divine revelation in the Christian tradition that deals with God’s creation and management of the world, particularly his plan for salvation accomplished through the Church.

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Edmund Bonner

Edmund Bonner (also Boner; c. 1500 – 5 September 1569), Bishop of London, was an English bishop.

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Edmund Gheast

Edmund Gamaliel Gheast (also known as Guest, Geste or Gest; 1514–1577) was a 16th-century cleric of the Church of England.

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Edward Foxe

Edward Foxe (c. 1496 – 8 May 1538) was an English churchman, Bishop of Hereford.

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Edward Lee (bishop)

Edward Lee (c. 1482 – 13 September 1544) was archbishop of York from 1531 until his death.

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Edward VI of England

Edward VI (12 October 1537 – 6 July 1553) was King of England and Ireland from 28 January 1547 until his death.

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Elizabeth I of England

Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death.

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English Reformation

The English Reformation was a series of events in 16th-century England by which the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church.

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Episcopal polity

An episcopal polity is a hierarchical form of church governance ("ecclesiastical polity") in which the chief local authorities are called bishops.

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The Eucharist (also called Holy Communion, the Lord's Supper, and other names) is a rite considered by most Christian churches to be a sacrament.

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Evangelicalism, Evangelical Christianity, or Evangelical Protestantism is a worldwide, transdenominational movement within Protestant Christianity, maintaining that the essence of the gospel consists in the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement.

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Excommunication is an institutional act of religious censure used to deprive, suspend, or limit membership in a religious community or to restrict certain rights within it, in particular reception of the sacraments.

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Friedrich Myconius

Friedrich Myconius (originally named Friedrich Mekum and also Friedrich Mykonius) (26 December 1490 – 7 April 1546) was a German Lutheran theologian.

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Great Bible

The Great Bible of 1539 was the first authorized edition of the Bible in English, authorized by King Henry VIII of England to be read aloud in the church services of the Church of England.

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Greek Orthodox Church

The name Greek Orthodox Church (Greek: Ἑλληνορθόδοξη Ἑκκλησία, Ellinorthódoxi Ekklisía) is a term referring to the body of several Churches within the larger communion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity, whose liturgy is or was traditionally conducted in Koine Greek, the original language of the New Testament, and whose history, traditions, and theology are rooted in the early Church Fathers and the Byzantine Empire.

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Henry Chadwick (theologian)

Henry Chadwick, KBE, FBA (23 June 1920 – 17 June 2008) was a British academic and Church of England priest.

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Henry VIII of England

Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death.

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Holy orders

In the Christian churches, holy orders are ordained ministries such as bishop, priest or deacon.

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House of Lords

The House of Lords is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Hugh Latimer

Hugh Latimer (– 16 October 1555) was a Fellow of Clare College, Cambridge, and Bishop of Worcester before the Reformation, and later Church of England chaplain to King Edward VI.

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James Ussher

James Ussher or Usher (4 January 1581 – 21 March 1656) was the Irish Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland between 1625 and 1656.

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John Baker (died 1558)

Sir John Baker (1488–1558) was an English politician, and served as a Chancellor of the Exchequer, having previously been Speaker of the House of Commons of England.

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John Bell (bishop)

John Bell LL.

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John Bramhall

John Bramhall (1594 – 25 June 1663) was an Archbishop of Armagh, and an Anglican theologian and apologist.

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John Clerk (bishop)

John Clerk (died 3 January 1541) was an English bishop.

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John Duncan Mackie

John Duncan Mackie CBE MC Hon. LLD (Glasgow) (1887–1978) was a distinguished Scottish historian who wrote a one-volume history of Scotland as well as several works on early modern Scotland.

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John Edmunds (academic)

John Edmunds, D.D. (died 1544), was master of Peterhouse, Cambridge.

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John Henry Newman

John Henry Newman Cong. Orat. (21 February 1801 – 11 August 1890), also referred to as Cardinal Newman and Blessed John Henry Newman, was an important figure in the religious history of England in the 19th century.

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John Hilsey

John Hilsey (aka Hildesley or Hildesleigh; died 4 August 1539) was an English Dominican, prior provincial of his order, then an agent of Henry VIII and his church reformation, and Bishop of Rochester.

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John Longland

John Longland (died 1547) was the English Dean of Salisbury from 1514 to 1521 and bishop of Lincoln from 1521 to his death in 1547.

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John Stokesley

John Stokesley (c. 1475 – 8 September 1539) was an English church leader who was Catholic Bishop of London during the reign of Henry VIII.

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John Vesey

John Vesey or Veysey (1462?–1554) was an English bishop.

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John Wesley

John Wesley (2 March 1791) was an Anglican minister and theologian who, with his brother Charles Wesley and fellow cleric George Whitefield, is credited with the foundation of the evangelical movement known as Methodism.

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Justification (theology)

Justification, in Christian theology, is God's act of removing the guilt and penalty of sin while at the same time declaring a sinner righteous through Christ's atoning sacrifice.

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Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.

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In religious organizations, the laity consists of all members who are not a part of the clergy, whether they are or are not members of religious institutes, e.g. a nun or lay brother.

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Lambeth Palace

Lambeth Palace is the official London residence of the Archbishop of Canterbury in England, in north Lambeth, on the south bank of the River Thames, 400 m south-east of the Palace of Westminster which has the Houses of Parliament on the opposite bank.

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Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity that identifies with the theology of Martin Luther—a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer, and theologian.

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Mary I of England

Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558) was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death.

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Mass (liturgy)

Mass is one of the names by which the sacrament of the Eucharist is commonly called in the Catholic Church, Western Rite Orthodox churches and many Old Catholic, Anglican, and Lutheran churches.

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Matthew Parker

Matthew Parker (6 August 1504 – 17 May 1575) was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1559 until his death in 1575.

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Methodism, or the Methodist movement, is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley.

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Middle Ages

In European history, the Middle Ages or Medieval period lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Nicholas Heath

Nicholas Heath (c. 1501–1578) was archbishop of York and Lord Chancellor.

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Nicholas Ridley (martyr)

Nicholas Ridley (c. 1500–16 October 1555) was an English Bishop of London (the only bishop called "Bishop of London and Westminster".) Ridley was burned at the stake, as one of the Oxford Martyrs, during the Marian Persecutions, for his teachings and his support of Lady Jane Grey.

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Nicholas Shaxton

Nicholas Shaxton (c. 1485 - 1556) was an English Reformer and Bishop of Salisbury.

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Nicholas Wotton

Nicholas Wotton (c. 1497 – 26 January 1567) was an English diplomat.

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Oliver O'Donovan

Oliver O'Donovan (born 1945) is a scholar known for his work in the field of Christian ethics.

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Oxford Movement

The Oxford Movement was a movement of High Church members of the Church of England which eventually developed into Anglo-Catholicism.

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Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second-oldest, after Cambridge University Press.

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Pelagianism is the belief that original sin did not taint human nature and that mortal will is still capable of choosing good or evil without special Divine aid.

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The Pope (papa; from πάππας pappas, a child's word for father) is the Bishop of Rome and the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.

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Pope Pius V

Pope Saint Pius V (17 January 1504 – 1 May 1572), born Antonio Ghislieri (from 1518 called Michele Ghislieri, O.P.), was Pope from 8 January 1566 to his death in 1572.

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Protestant Reformation

The Protestant Reformation, often referred to simply as the Reformation, was the schism within Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther, John Calvin, Huldrych Zwingli and other early Protestant Reformers.

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Protestantism is a form of Christian faith and practice which originated with the Protestant Reformation, a movement against what its followers considered to be errors in the Roman Catholic Church.

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The Puritans were a group of English Reformed Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who sought to purify the Church of England from all Roman Catholic practices, maintaining that the Church of England was only partially reformed.

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Regnans in Excelsis

Regnans in Excelsis ("reigning on high") was a papal bull issued on 27 April 1570 by Pope Pius V declaring "Elizabeth, the pretended Queen of England and the servant of crime", to be a heretic and releasing all her subjects from any allegiance to her, even when they had "sworn oaths to her", and excommunicating any that obeyed her orders.

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Religion in the United Kingdom

Religion in the United Kingdom and in the countries that preceded it has been dominated, for over 1,400 years, by various forms of Christianity.

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Religious text

Religious texts, also known as scripture, scriptures, holy writ, or holy books, are the texts which various religious traditions consider to be sacred, or central to their religious tradition.

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Richard Cox (bishop)

Richard Cox (c. 1500 – 22 July 1581) was an English clergyman, who was Dean of Westminster and Bishop of Ely.

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Richard Sampson

Richard Sampson (died 25 September 1554) was an English clergyman and composer of sacred music, who was Anglican bishop of Chichester and subsequently of Coventry and Lichfield.

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Richard Smyth (theologian)

Richard Smyth (or Smith) (1499/1500, Worcestershire, England – 9 July 1563, Douai, France) was the first person to hold the office of Regius Professor of Divinity in the University of Oxford and the first Chancellor of the University of Douai.

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Richard Woleman

Richard Woleman or Wolman (died 1537) was an English churchman, Archdeacon of Sudbury from 1522; and the Dean of Wells between 1529 and 1537.

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Robert Aldrich (bishop)

Robert Aldrich or Aldridge (died March 1555) was Bishop of Carlisle in the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and Mary.

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Robert Holgate

Robert Holgate (1481/1482 – 1555) was Bishop of Llandaff and then Archbishop of York (from 1545 to 1554).

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A sacrament is a Christian rite recognized as of particular importance and significance.

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In a religious context, sin is the act of violating God's will.

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Sola fide

Sola fide (Latin: by faith alone), also historically known as the doctrine of justification by faith alone, is a Christian theological doctrine that distinguishes most Protestant denominations from Catholicism, Orthodox Christianity, and some in the Restoration Movement.

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Stephen Gardiner

Stephen Gardiner (c. 1483 – 12 November 1555) was an English bishop and politician during the English Reformation period who served as Lord Chancellor during the reign of Queen Mary I and King Philip.

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Superintendent (ecclesiastical)

Superintendent is the head of an administrative division of a Protestant church, largely historical but still in use in Germany.

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Test Act

The Test Acts were a series of English penal laws that served as a religious test for public office and imposed various civil disabilities on Roman Catholics and Nonconformists.

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Thomas Cranmer

Thomas Cranmer (2 July 1489 – 21 March 1556) was a leader of the English Reformation and Archbishop of Canterbury during the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and, for a short time, Mary I. He helped build the case for the annulment of Henry's marriage to Catherine of Aragon, which was one of the causes of the separation of the English Church from union with the Holy See.

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Thomas Goodrich

Thomas Goodrich (or Goodricke) (1494 – 10 May 1554) was an English ecclesiastic and statesman.

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Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk

Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, KG, PC, Earl Marshal (1473 – 25 August 1554) (Earl of Surrey from 1514, passed down from father on his elevation to Dukedom of Norfolk) was a prominent Tudor politician.

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Tract 90

Remarks on Certain Passages in the Thirty-Nine Articles, better known as Tract 90, was a theological pamphlet written by the English theologian and churchman John Henry Newman and published in 1841.

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Transubstantiation (in Latin, transsubstantiatio, in Greek μετουσίωσις metousiosis) is, according to the teaching of the Catholic Church, the change by which the bread and the wine used in the sacrament of the Eucharist become, not merely as a sign or a figure, but also in actual reality the body and blood of Christ.

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The Christian doctrine of the Trinity (from Latin trinitas "triad", from trinus "threefold") defines God as three consubstantial persons, expressions, or hypostases: the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit; "one God in three persons".

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United Methodist Church

The United Methodist Church (UMC) is a Methodist denomination that is mainline Protestant today.

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University of Oxford

The University of Oxford (informally Oxford University or simply Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.

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University Reform Act 1854

The University Reform Act 1854 was an Act of Parliament which made substantial changes to how Oxford University was run.

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Via media

Via media is a Latin phrase meaning "the middle road" and is a philosophical maxim for life which advocates moderation in all thoughts and actions.

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William Barlow (bishop of Chichester)

William Barlow (Barlowe; alias Finch) (died 1568) was an English Augustinian prior turned bishop of four dioceses, a complex figure of the Protestant Reformation.

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William Buckmaster

William Buckmaster (died 1545) was an English cleric and academic, three times vice-chancellor of the University of Cambridge.

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William Cliffe

William Cliffe, Clyffe or Clyff (died 1558) was an English churchman and lawyer, dean of Chester from 1547.

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William Downes

William Downes may refer to.

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William Knight (bishop)

William Knight (1475/6 – 1547) was the Secretary of State to Henry VIII of England, and Bishop of Bath and Wells.

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William May (theologian)

William May (died 1560), also known as William Meye, was an English cleric.

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William Rugg

William Rugg (also Rugge, Repps, Reppes; died 1550) was an English Benedictine theologian, and bishop of Norwich from 1536 to 1549.

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Worship of angels

The term worship of angels primarily relates to either excessive honouring (or possibly invoking the names of) angels in Judaism and Christianity.

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Yale University Press

Yale University Press is a university press associated with Yale University.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thirty-Nine_Articles

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