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Thomas Carlyle (4 December 1795 – 5 February 1881) was a Scottish philosopher, satirical writer, essayist, historian and teacher. [1]

164 relations: -ism, A Tale of Two Cities, Age of Enlightenment, Alfred Cobban, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Altenburg, Annales School, Annan Academy, Annan, Dumfries and Galloway, Anthony Panizzi, Aristotle, Übermensch, Beyond Good and Evil, British Library, Buddhahood, Burgher (Church history), Calvinism, Captain of industry, Carlyle circle, Carlyle's House, Catholic Apostolic Church, Chapman & Hall, Charismatic authority, Charles Darwin, Charles Dickens, Charles Eliot Norton, Charles Kingsley, Chartism, Chelsea, London, Compass-and-straightedge construction, Craigenputtock, Culture of Germany, Dante Alighieri, Deism, Dumfries and Galloway, Ecclefechan, Edinburgh Encyclopædia, Edward Caird, Edward Irving, Edward John Eyre, Elliott & Fry, Ernst Cassirer, Existentialism, Fascism, Ford Madox Brown, Fraser's Magazine, Fred Kaplan (biographer), Frederic Harrison, Frederick the Great, Friedrich Engels, ..., Friedrich Nietzsche, Friedrich Schiller, George Orwell, George William Gordon, Geraldine Jewsbury, German idealism, German literature, Gig (carriage), Great Man theory, Guinea (British coin), Henry Duff Traill, Herbert Spencer, Historiography of the French Revolution, History of Friedrich II of Prussia, Jamaica Committee, James Anthony Froude, James Moncreiff, 1st Baron Moncreiff, James Russell Lowell, Jane Welsh Carlyle, Jean de La Fontaine, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Jenny kiss'd Me, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, John Bright, John Knox, John Ruskin, John Stuart Mill, John Tyndall, Jonathan Swift, Joseph Goebbels, Julian Symons, Karl Marx, Kings Cross, London, Kirkcaldy, Kitty Kirkpatrick, Kunz von Kaufungen, Latter-Day Pamphlets, Laurence Sterne, Leap of faith, Leigh Hunt, Leslie J. Workman, List of books for the "Famous Scots Series", London Library, Martin Luther, Mathematics, Max Müller, Max Weber, Mephistopheles, Morant Bay rebellion, Muhammad, Napoleon, National Portrait Gallery, London, National Trust for Scotland, Norse mythology, Nouvelle histoire, Occasional Discourse on the Negro Question, Odin, Oliver Cromwell, On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and The Heroic in History, Past and Present (book), Philosopher, Philosophy of history, Postmodernism, Quadratic equation, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Rector (academia), Rector of the University of Edinburgh, Reform Act 1867, Regular polygon, René Wellek, Revolutions of 1848, Robert Burns, Romanticism, Sage writing, Samuel Butler (novelist), Samuel Johnson, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Sartor Resartus, Satire, Søren Kierkegaard, Scottish National Portrait Gallery, Scottish people, Serfdom, Subscription library, The dismal science, The French Revolution: A History, The Green Snake and the Beautiful Lily, The Life of John Sterling, The Nuttall Encyclopædia, Thomas Carlyle (lawyer), Thomas Henry Huxley, Thomas Hughes, Tory, Transcendentalism, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, University of California Press, University of Edinburgh, University of St Andrews, Utilitarianism, Valet, Victorian era, Victorian literature, Walt Whitman, Westminster Abbey, Westminster Review, Whig history, White Mughals, Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship, William Dalrymple (historian), William Edward Hartpole Lecky, William Ewart Gladstone, William Shakespeare, Work (painting). Expand index (114 more) »


-ism is a suffix in many English words, first usage, originally derived from Ancient Greek -ισμός (-ismos), reaching English through Latin, via French.

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A Tale of Two Cities

A Tale of Two Cities (1859) is a novel by Charles Dickens, set in London and Paris before and during the French Revolution.

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Age of Enlightenment

The Age of Enlightenment or simply the Enlightenment or Age of Reason is an era from the 1620s to the 1780s in which cultural and intellectual forces in Western Europe emphasized reason, analysis, and individualism rather than traditional lines of authority.

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Alfred Cobban

Alfred Cobban (May 24, 1901 in London - April 1, 1968 in London) was an English historian and professor of French history at University College, London, who along with prominent French historian François Furet advocated a Revisionist view of the French Revolution.

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Alfred, Lord Tennyson

Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson, FRS (6 August 1809 – 6 October 1892) was Poet Laureate of Great Britain and Ireland during much of Queen Victoria's reign and remains one of the most popular British poets.

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Altenburg is a city in Thuringia, Germany, located south of Leipzig, west of Dresden and east of Erfurt.

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Annales School

The Annales School is a group of historians associated with a style of historiography developed by French historians in the 20th century to stress long-term social history.

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Annan Academy

Annan Academy is a secondary school in Annan, in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland.

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Annan, Dumfries and Galloway

Annan (Scottish Gaelic: Inbhir Anainn) is a town and former royal burgh in Dumfries and Galloway, south-west Scotland.

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Anthony Panizzi

Sir Antonio Genesio Maria Panizzi (16 September 1797 – 8 April 1879), better known as Anthony Panizzi, was a naturalised British librarian of Italian birth and an Italian patriot.

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Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης, Aristotélēs; 384322 BC) was a Greek philosopher and scientist born in the Macedonian city of Stagira, Chalkidice, on the northern periphery of Classical Greece.

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The Übermensch (German for "Overman, Overhuman, Above-Human, Superman, Superhuman, Ultraman, Ultrahuman, Beyond-Man") is a concept in the philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche.

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Beyond Good and Evil

Beyond Good and Evil: Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future (Jenseits von Gut und Böse: Vorspiel einer Philosophie der Zukunft) is a book by philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, first published in 1886.

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British Library

The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest library in the world by number of items catalogued.

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In Buddhism, buddhahood (बुद्धत्व; बुद्धत्त or बुद्धभाव) is the state of perfect enlightenment (सम्यक्सम्बोधि; सम्मासम्बोधि) attained by a buddha (or;; Pali/Sanskrit for "awakened one").

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Burgher (Church history)

In the Scottish church of the 18th and 19th centuries, a burgher was a member of that party amongst the seceders which asserted the lawfulness of the burgess oath.

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Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.

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Captain of industry

During the Industrial Revolution, a captain of industry was a business leader whose means of amassing a personal fortune contributed positively to the country in some way.

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Carlyle circle

In mathematics, a Carlyle circle is a certain circle in a coordinate plane associated with a quadratic equation.

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Carlyle's House

Carlyle's House, in the district of Chelsea, in central London, England, was the home acquired by the historian and philosopher Thomas Carlyle and his wife Jane Welsh Carlyle, after having lived at Craigenputtock in Dumfriesshire, Scotland.

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Catholic Apostolic Church

The Catholic Apostolic Church was a religious movement which originated in England around 1831 and later spread to Germany and the United States.

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Chapman & Hall

Chapman & Hall was a British publishing house in London, founded in the first half of the 19th century by Edward Chapman and William Hall.

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Charismatic authority

Max Weber defined charismatic authority as "resting on devotion to the exceptional sanctity, heroism, or exemplary character of an individual person, and of the normative patterns or order revealed or ordained by him".

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Charles Darwin

Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to evolutionary theory.

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Charles Dickens

Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic.

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Charles Eliot Norton

Charles Eliot Norton (November 16, 1827 – October 21, 1908) was a leading American author, social critic, and professor of art.

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Charles Kingsley

Charles Kingsley (12 June 1819 – 23 January 1875) was a broad church priest of the Church of England, a university professor, historian and novelist.

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Chartism was a working-class movement for political reform in Britain which existed from 1838 to 1858.

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Chelsea, London

Chelsea is an affluent area in southwest London, bounded to the south by the River Thames.

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Compass-and-straightedge construction

Compass-and-straightedge construction, also known as ruler-and-compass construction or classical construction, is the construction of lengths, angles, and other geometric figures using only an idealized ruler and compass.

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Craigenputtock is the craig/whinstone hill of the puttocks (small hawks).

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Culture of Germany

German culture as a nation-state and spanned the entire German-speaking world.

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Dante Alighieri

Durante degli Alighieri, simply called Dante (c. 1265–1321), was a major Italian poet of the late Middle Ages.

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Deism, derived from the Latin word "Deus" meaning "God", is a theological/philosophical position that combines the rejection of revelation and authority as a source of religious knowledge with the conclusion that reason and observation of the natural world are sufficient to determine the existence of a single creator of the universe.

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Dumfries and Galloway

Dumfries and Galloway (Dumfries an Gallowa, Dùn Phrìs is Gall-Ghaidhealaibh) is one of 32 unitary council areas of Scotland and is located in the western Southern Uplands.

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Ecclefechan (Scottish Gaelic: Eaglais Fheichein) is a small village in the south of Scotland in Dumfries and Galloway.

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Edinburgh Encyclopædia

The Edinburgh Encyclopædia was an encyclopaedia in 18 volumes, printed and published by William Blackwood and edited by David Brewster between 1808 and 1830.

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Edward Caird

Prof Edward Caird FRSE LLD DCL DLit (23 March 1835 – 1 November 1908) was a Scottish philosopher.

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Edward Irving

Edward Irving (4 August 1792 – 7 December 1834) was a Scottish clergyman, generally regarded as the main figure behind the foundation of the Catholic Apostolic Church.

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Edward John Eyre

Edward John Eyre (5 August 1815 – 30 November 1901) was an English land explorer of the Australian continent, colonial administrator, and a controversial Governor of Jamaica.

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Elliott & Fry

Elliott & Fry was a Victorian photography studio founded in 1863 by Joseph John Elliott (14 October 1835 – 30 March 1903) and Clarence Edmund Fry (1840 – 12 April 1897).

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Ernst Cassirer

Ernst Cassirer (July 28, 1874 – April 13, 1945) was a German philosopher.

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Existentialism is a term applied to the work of certain late 19th- and 20th-century European philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences,Oxford Companion to Philosophy, ed.

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Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian nationalism that came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.

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Ford Madox Brown

Ford Madox Brown (16 April 1821 – 6 October 1893) was an English painter of moral and historical subjects, notable for his distinctively graphic and often Hogarthian version of the Pre-Raphaelite style.

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Fraser's Magazine

Fraser's Magazine for Town and Country was a general and literary journal published in London from 1830 to 1882, which initially took a strong Tory line in politics.

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Fred Kaplan (biographer)

Fred Kaplan (born 1937) is distinguished Professor Emeritus of English at Queens College and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York.

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Frederic Harrison

Frederic Harrison (18 October 1831 – 14 January 1923) was a British jurist and historian.

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Frederick the Great

Frederick II (Friedrich; 24 January 171217 August 1786) was King of Prussia 1740 until 1786.

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Friedrich Engels

Friedrich Engels (. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. or;; 28 November 1820 – 5 August 1895) was a German social scientist, author, journalist, businessman, political theorist, philosopher, and father of Marxist theory, together with Karl Marx.

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Friedrich Nietzsche

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, poet, composer, and Latin and Greek scholar.

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Friedrich Schiller

Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (10 November 17599 May 1805) was a German poet, philosopher, historian, and playwright.

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George Orwell

Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950), who used the pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic.

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George William Gordon

George William Gordon (1820 – 23 October 1865) was a Jamaican businessman, magistrate and politician who was a leading critic of the policies of the governor of Jamaica Edward Eyre.

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Geraldine Jewsbury

Geraldine Endsor Jewsbury (22 August 1812 – 23 September 1880) was an English novelist, book-reviewer and publisher’s reader, as well as a high-profile figure in London literary life.

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German idealism

German idealism was a speculative philosophical movement that emerged in Germany in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

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German literature

German literature comprises those literary texts written in the German language.

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Gig (carriage)

A gig, also called chair or chaise, is a light, two-wheeled sprung cart pulled by one horse.

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Great Man theory

The Great Man theory is a 19th-century idea according to which history can be largely explained by the impact of "great men", or heroes: highly influential individuals who, due to either their personal charisma, intelligence, wisdom, or political skill utilized their power in a way that had a decisive historical impact.

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Guinea (British coin)

The guinea is a coin of approximately one quarter ounce of gold that was minted in the Kingdom of England and later in the Kingdom of Great Britain and the United Kingdom between 1663 and 1814.

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Henry Duff Traill

Henry Duff Traill (14 August 1842 – 21 February 1900), was a British author and journalist.

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Herbert Spencer

Herbert Spencer (27 April 1820 – 8 December 1903) was an English philosopher, biologist, anthropologist, sociologist, and prominent classical liberal political theorist of the Victorian era.

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Historiography of the French Revolution

The historiography of the French Revolution stretches back over two hundred years, as commentators and historians have sought to answer questions regarding the origins of the Revolution, and its meaning and effects.

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History of Friedrich II of Prussia

History of Friedrich II of Prussia, Called Frederick the Great was a biography of Friedrich II of Prussia written by Scottish historian Thomas Carlyle.

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Jamaica Committee

The Jamaica Committee was a group set up in 1866, which called for Edward Eyre, Governor of Jamaica, to be tried for his excesses in suppressing the Morant Bay rebellion of 1865.

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James Anthony Froude

James Anthony Froude (23 April 1818 – 20 October 1894) was an English historian, novelist, biographer, and editor of Fraser's Magazine.

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James Moncreiff, 1st Baron Moncreiff

James Moncreiff, 1st Baron Moncreiff FRSE (29 November 1811 – 27 April 1895) was a Scottish lawyer and politician.

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James Russell Lowell

James Russell Lowell (February 22, 1819 – August 12, 1891) was an American Romantic poet, critic, editor, and diplomat.

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Jane Welsh Carlyle

Jane Welsh Carlyle (14 January 1801 – 21 April 1866, née Jane Baillie Welsh in Haddington Scotland) was the wife of essayist Thomas Carlyle and has been cited as the reason for his fame and fortune.

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Jean de La Fontaine

Jean de La Fontaine (8 July 1621 – 13 April 1695) was the most famous French fabulist and one of the most widely read French poets of the 17th century.

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778) was a philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century.

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Jenny kiss'd Me

Jenny kiss'd Me (original title: Rondeau) is a poem by the English essayist, Leigh Hunt.

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Johann Gottlieb Fichte

Johann Gottlieb Fichte (May 19, 1762 – January 27, 1814), a German philosopher, became a founding figure of the philosophical movement known as German idealism, which developed from the theoretical and ethical writings of Immanuel Kant.

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Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Johann Wolfgang Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman.

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John Bright

John Bright (16 November 1811 – 27 March 1889), Quaker, was a British Radical and Liberal statesman, one of the greatest orators of his generation and a promoter of free trade policies.

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John Knox

John Knox (c. 1513 – 24 November 1572) was a Scottish clergyman, theologian and writer who was a leader of the Protestant Reformation and is considered the founder of the Presbyterian denomination in Scotland.

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John Ruskin

John Ruskin (8 February 1819 – 20 January 1900) was the leading English art critic of the Victorian era, also an art patron, draughtsman, watercolourist, a prominent social thinker and philanthropist.

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John Stuart Mill

John Stuart Mill (20 May 1806 – 8 May 1873) was a British philosopher, political economist and civil servant.

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John Tyndall

John Tyndall FRS (2 August 1820 – 4 December 1893) was a prominent 19th century physicist.

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Jonathan Swift

Jonathan Swift (30 November 1667 – 19 October 1745) was an Anglo-Irish.

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Joseph Goebbels

Paul Joseph Goebbels (29 October 1897 – 1 May 1945) was a German politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda in Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945.

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Julian Symons

Julian Gustave Symons (pronounced SIMM-ons; 30 May 1912, London – 19 November 1994, Kent) was a British crime writer and poet.

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Karl Marx

Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.

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Kings Cross, London

King's Cross (also Kings Cross) is an inner city area of London, England, 2.5 miles (4.8 km) north of Charing Cross.

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Kirkcaldy (Cair Chaladain) is a town and former royal burgh in Fife, on the east coast of Scotland.

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Kitty Kirkpatrick

Katherine Aurora "Kitty" Kirkpatrick (9 April 1802 – 1889) was born in India to James Achilles Kirkpatrick, British Resident in Hyderabad (1798–1805), and Khair-un-Nissa, a Hyderabadi noblewoman, but lived most of her life in England.

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Kunz von Kaufungen

Kunz von Kaufungen (also known as Conrad von Kaufungen, or Kunz von Kauffungen; c. 1410 - July 14, 1455), was a German knight and military commander.

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Latter-Day Pamphlets

Latter-Day Pamphlets was a series of "pamphlets" published by Thomas Carlyle in 1850, in vehement denunciation of what he believed to be the political, social, and religious imbecilities and injustices of the period.

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Laurence Sterne

Laurence Sterne (24 November 1713 – 18 March 1768) was an Anglo-Irish novelist and an Anglican clergyman.

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Leap of faith

A leap of faith, in its most commonly used meaning, is the act of believing in or accepting something intangible or unprovable, or without empirical evidence.

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Leigh Hunt

James Henry Leigh Hunt (19 October 1784 – 28 August 1859), best known as Leigh Hunt, was an English critic, essayist, poet, and writer.

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Leslie J. Workman

Leslie J. Workman (5 March 1927 in Hanwell, London, England – 1 April 2001 in Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA) was an independent scholar and founder of academic medievalism.

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List of books for the "Famous Scots Series"

This is a list of books published as the "Famous Scots Series" by the Edinburgh publishers, Oliphant, Anderson and Ferrier, from 1896 to 1905.

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London Library

The London Library is one of the world's largest independent lending libraries, and one of the UK's leading literary institutions.

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Martin Luther

Martin Luther (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German friar, priest, professor of theology, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.

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Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, “knowledge, study, learning”) is the study of topics such as quantity (numbers), structure, space, and change.

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Max Müller

Friedrich Max Müller (6 December 1823 – 28 October 1900), generally known as Max Müller, was a German-born philologist and Orientalist, who lived and studied in Britain for most of his life.

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Max Weber

Karl Emil Maximilian "Max" Weber (21 April 1864 – 14 June 1920) was a German sociologist, philosopher, jurist, and political economist whose ideas profoundly influenced social theory and social research.

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Mephistopheles (also Mephistophilus, Mephistophilis, Mephostopheles, Mephisto, Mephastophilis and variants) is a demon featured in German folklore.

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Morant Bay rebellion

The Morant Bay rebellion began on 11th October 1865, when Paul Bogle led 200 to 300 black men and women into the town of Morant Bay, parish of St. Thomas in the East, Jamaica.

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Muhammadfull name Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāshim (ابو القاسم محمد ابن عبد الله ابن عبد المطلب ابن هاشم, lit: Father of Qasim Muhammad son of Abd Allah son of Abdul-Muttalib son of Hashim) (محمد; – 8 June 632 CEElizabeth Goldman (1995), p. 63, gives 8 June 632 CE, the dominant Islamic tradition. Many earlier (mainly non-Islamic) traditions refer to him as still alive at the time of the invasion of Palestine. See Stephen J. Shoemaker,The Death of a Prophet: The End of Muhammad's Life and the Beginnings of Islam, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.) is generally regarded by non-Muslims to have been the founder of Islam, and almost universallyThe Ahmadiyya Muslim Community considers Muhammad to be the "Seal of the Prophets" (Khātam an-Nabiyyīn) and the last law-bearing Prophet but not the last Prophet.

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Napoléon Bonaparte (born Napoleone di Buonaparte; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the Revolutionary Wars.

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National Portrait Gallery, London

The National Portrait Gallery (NPG) is an art gallery in London housing a collection of portraits of historically important and famous British people.

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National Trust for Scotland

The National Trust for Scotland for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, commonly known as the National Trust for Scotland (Urras Nàiseanta na h-Alba) describes itself as "the conservation charity that protects and promotes Scotland's natural and cultural heritage for present and future generations to enjoy.".

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Norse mythology

Norse mythology is the body of mythology of the North Germanic people stemming from Norse paganism and continuing after the Christianization of Scandinavia and into the Scandinavian folklore of the modern period.

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Nouvelle histoire

The term new history from the French term nouvelle histoire, was coined by Jacques Le Goff and Pierre Nora, leaders of the third generation of the Annales School, in the 1970s.

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Occasional Discourse on the Negro Question

The essay "Occasional Discourse on the Negro Question" was written by Thomas Carlyle about the acceptability of using black slaves and indentured servants.

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In Germanic mythology, Odin (from Old Norse Óðinn) is a widely attested god.

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Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell (25 April 15993 September 1658) was an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.

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On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and The Heroic in History

On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and The Heroic in History is a book by Thomas Carlyle, published with James Fraser, London, in 1841.

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Past and Present (book)

Past and Present is a book by Thomas Carlyle.

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A philosopher, in a broad sense, is someone who studies philosophy.

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Philosophy of history

The term philosophy of history refers to the theoretical aspect of history, in two senses.

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Postmodernism is a late-20th-century movement in the arts, architecture, and criticism that was a departure from modernism.

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Quadratic equation

In elementary algebra, a quadratic equation (from the Latin quadratus for "square") is any equation having the form where represents an unknown, and,, and represent known numbers such that is not equal to.

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Ralph Waldo Emerson

Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) was an American essayist, lecturer, and poet who led the Transcendentalist movement of the mid-19th century.

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Rector (academia)

For ecclesiastical, politics and other uses of the term rector, see that disambiguation page A rector ("ruler", from the Latin regere and rector meaning "ruler" in Latin) is a term used in non-English-speaking countries for a university chancellor.

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Rector of the University of Edinburgh

The Lord Rector of the University of Edinburgh is elected every three years by the students and staff at the University of Edinburgh.

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Reform Act 1867

The Representation of the People Act 1867, 30 & 31 Vict.

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Regular polygon

In Euclidean geometry, a regular polygon is a polygon that is equiangular (all angles are equal in measure) and equilateral (all sides have the same length).

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René Wellek

René Wellek (August 22, 1903 – November 11, 1995) was a Czech-American comparative literary critic.

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Revolutions of 1848

The Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations, Springtime of the Peoples or the Year of Revolution, were a series of political upheavals throughout Europe in 1848.

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Robert Burns

Robert Burns (25 January 175921 July 1796) (also known as Robbie Burns, Rabbie Burns, Scotland's favourite son, the Ploughman Poet, Robden of Solway Firth, the Bard of Ayrshire and in Scotland as The Bard) was a Scottish poet and lyricist.

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Romanticism (also the Romantic era or the Romantic period) was an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.

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Sage writing

Sage writing was a genre of creative nonfiction popular in the Victorian era.

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Samuel Butler (novelist)

Samuel Butler (4 December 1835 – 18 June 1902) was an iconoclastic Victorian-era English author who published a variety of works.

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Samuel Johnson

Samuel Johnson (18 September 1709 – 13 December 1784), often referred to as Dr Johnson, was an English writer who made lasting contributions to English literature as a poet, essayist, moralist, literary critic, biographer, editor and lexicographer.

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Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (21 October 1772 – 25 July 1834) was an English poet, literary critic and philosopher who, with his friend William Wordsworth, was a founder of the Romantic Movement in England and a member of the Lake Poets.

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Sartor Resartus

Sartor Resartus (meaning 'The tailor re-tailored') is an 1836 novel by Thomas Carlyle, first published as a serial in 1833–34 in Fraser's Magazine.

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Satire is a genre of literature, and sometimes graphic and performing arts, in which vices, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, ideally with the intent of shaming individuals, corporations, government or society itself, into improvement.

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Søren Kierkegaard

Søren Aabye Kierkegaard (or;; 5 May 1813 – 11 November 1855) was a Danish philosopher, theologian, poet, social critic and religious author who is widely considered to be the first existentialist philosopher.

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Scottish National Portrait Gallery

The Scottish National Portrait Gallery is an art museum on Queen Street, Edinburgh.

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Scottish people

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Serfdom is the status of many peasants under feudalism, specifically relating to manorialism.

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Subscription library

A subscription library (also membership library or independent library) is a library that is financed by private funds either from membership fees or endowments.

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The dismal science

"The dismal science" is a derogatory alternative name for economics coined by the Victorian historian Thomas Carlyle in the 19th century.

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The French Revolution: A History

The French Revolution: A History was written by the Scottish essayist, philosopher, and historian Thomas Carlyle.

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The Green Snake and the Beautiful Lily

The Green Snake and the Beautiful Lily (German title: Märchen or Das Märchen) is a fairy tale by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe published in 1795 in Friedrich Schiller's German magazine Die Horen (The Horae).

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The Life of John Sterling

The Life of John Sterling was a biography of the Scottish author John Sterling (1806-1844), written by his friend, the Scottish essayist and historian, Thomas Carlyle.

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The Nuttall Encyclopædia

The Nuttall Encyclopædia: Being a Concise and Comprehensive Dictionary of General Knowledge is a late 19th-century encyclopedia, edited by Rev.

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Thomas Carlyle (lawyer)

Thomas Carlyle (July 17, 1803 – January 28, 1855) was born in King's Grange near Dumfries in Scotland.

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Thomas Henry Huxley

Thomas Henry Huxley (4 May 1825 – 29 June 1895) was an English biologist (comparative anatomist), known as "Darwin's Bulldog" for his advocacy of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution.

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Thomas Hughes

Thomas Hughes (20 October 182222 March 1896) was an English lawyer, judge and author.

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A Tory holds a political philosophy (Toryism) based on a British version of traditionalism and conservatism.

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Transcendentalism was a philosophical movement that developed in the late 1820s and '30s in the Eastern region of the United States as a protest against the general state of intellectualism and spirituality.

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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established on 1 January 1801 under the terms of the Acts of Union 1800, by which the nominally separate kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland were united.

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University of California Press

University of California Press, otherwise known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing.

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University of Edinburgh

The University of Edinburgh (abbreviated as Edin. in post-nominals), founded in 1582, is the sixth-oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's ancient universities.

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University of St Andrews

The University of St Andrews (informally known as St Andrews University or simply St Andrews; abbreviated as St And, from the Latin Sancti Andreae, in post-nominals) is a public research university in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland.

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Utilitarianism is a theory in normative ethics holding that the best moral action is the one that maximizes utility.

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Valet and varlet are terms for male servants who serve as personal attendants to their employer.

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Victorian era

The Victorian era of British history (and that of the British Empire) was the period of Queen Victoria's reign from 20 June 1837 until her death, on 22 January 1901.

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Victorian literature

While in the preceding Romantic period poetry had been the dominant genre, it was the novel that was most important in the Victorian period.

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Walt Whitman

Walter "Walt" Whitman (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist and journalist.

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Westminster Abbey

Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, located just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.

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Westminster Review

The Westminster Review was a quarterly British publication.

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Whig history

Whig history (or Whig historiography) is the approach to historiography which presents the past as an inevitable progression towards ever greater liberty and enlightenment, culminating in modern forms of liberal democracy and constitutional monarchy.

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White Mughals

White Mughals is a 2002 history book by William Dalrymple.

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Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship

Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship (Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre) is the second novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, published in 1795–96.

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William Dalrymple (historian)

William Dalrymple FRSL, FRGS, FRAS (born William Hamilton-Dalrymple on 20 March 1965) is a Scottish historian and writer, art historian and curator, as well as a prominent broadcaster and critic.

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William Edward Hartpole Lecky

William Edward Hartpole Lecky (26 March 1838 – 22 October 1903) was an Irish historian and political theorist.

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William Ewart Gladstone

William Ewart Gladstone (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898), was a British Liberal politician.

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William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised) – 23 April 1616) was an English:poet,:playwright, actor and an Italophile, who is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.

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Work (painting)

Work (1852–1865) is a painting by Ford Madox Brown that is generally considered to be his most important achievement.

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Carlyle, Thomas, Carlylean, Centre of Immensities, Conflux of Eternities, Everlasting No, Everlasting Yea, Gigman, Hallowed Fire, Heroes and Hero-Worship, Mights and Rights, Pig-Philosophy, Plugston of Undershot, Present Time, Printed Paper, Prinzenraub, Progress of the Species Magazines, Sage of Ecclefechan, Sauerteig, T Carlyle, T. Carlyle, The Conflux of Eternities, The Everlasting No, The Everlasting Yea, Thomas Carlyie, Thomas Carlysle, Thomas carlyle, Worship of Silence, Worship of Sorrow.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Carlyle

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