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Thomas Carlyle

Index Thomas Carlyle

Thomas Carlyle (4 December 17955 February 1881) was a Scottish philosopher, satirical writer, essayist, translator, historian, mathematician, and teacher. [1]

175 relations: -ism, A Tale of Two Cities, Age of Enlightenment, Alfred Cobban, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Altenburg, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Annales school, Annan Academy, Annan, Dumfries and Galloway, Anthony Panizzi, Anthony Trollope, Aristotle, Übermensch, Beyond Good and Evil, British Library, Buddhahood, Burgher (Church history), Calvinism, Captain of industry, Carlyle circle, Carlyle's House, Catholic Apostolic Church, Chapman & Hall, Charismatic authority, Charles Darwin, Charles Dickens, Charles Eliot Norton, Charles Kingsley, Chartism, Chelsea, London, Cheyne Row, Compass-and-straightedge construction, Craigenputtock, Dante Alighieri, David Daiches, Deism, Denis Diderot, Dumfriesshire, Ecclefechan, Edinburgh Encyclopædia, Edward Caird, Edward Irving, Edward John Eyre, Elliott & Fry, England, Ernst Cassirer, Essay, Existentialism, Followership, ..., Fraser's Magazine, Fred Kaplan (biographer), Frederic Harrison, Frederick the Great, Friedrich Engels, Friedrich Nietzsche, Friedrich Schiller, George Orwell, George William Gordon, Geraldine Jewsbury, German idealism, German literature, Gig (carriage), Great man theory, Guinea (coin), Henry Duff Traill, Herbert Spencer, Historian, Historiography of the French Revolution, History of Friedrich II of Prussia, Jamaica Committee, James Anthony Froude, James Fitzjames Stephen, James Moncreiff, 1st Baron Moncreiff, James Russell Lowell, Jane Welsh Carlyle, Jean de La Fontaine, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Jenny kiss'd Me, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, John Bright, John Knox, John Ruskin, John Stuart Mill, John Tyndall, Jonathan Swift, Joseph Goebbels, Julian Symons, Karl Marx, Kings Cross, London, Kirkcaldy, Kitty Kirkpatrick, Kunz von Kaufungen, Latter-Day Pamphlets, Laurence Sterne, Leap of faith, Leigh Hunt, Leslie J. Workman, List of books for the "Famous Scots Series", London, London Library, Martin Luther, Mathematician, Mathematics, Max Müller, Max Weber, Mephistopheles, Morant Bay rebellion, Muhammad, Napoleon, National Portrait Gallery, London, National Trust for Scotland, Northrop Frye, Nouvelle histoire, Occasional Discourse on the Negro Question, Odin, Oliver Cromwell, On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and The Heroic in History, Past and Present (book), Philosopher, Philosophy of history, Postmodernism, Quadratic equation, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Rector of the University of Edinburgh, Reform Act 1867, Regular polygon, René Wellek, Revolutions of 1848, Robert Burns, Romanticism, Sage writing, Samuel Butler (novelist), Samuel Johnson, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Sartor Resartus, Satire, Søren Kierkegaard, Scotland, Scottish National Portrait Gallery, Serfdom, Stirling, Subscription library, The dismal science, The French Revolution: A History, The Green Snake and the Beautiful Lily, The Life of John Sterling, The Nuttall Encyclopædia, The Westminster Review, Thomas Carlyle (lawyer), Thomas Henry Huxley, Thomas Hughes, Tory, Transcendentalism, Translation, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, University of California Press, University of Edinburgh, University of St Andrews, Utilitarianism, Valet, Victorian era, Victorian literature, Voltaire, Wallace Monument, Walt Whitman, Westminster Abbey, Whig history, White Mughals, Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship, William Dalrymple (historian), William Edward Hartpole Lecky, William Ewart Gladstone, William Shakespeare. Expand index (125 more) »


-ism is a suffix in many English words, originally derived from the Ancient Greek suffix -ισμός (-ismós), and reaching English through the Latin -ismus, and the French -isme.

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A Tale of Two Cities

A Tale of Two Cities (1859) is a historical novel by Charles Dickens, set in London and Paris before and during the French Revolution.

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Age of Enlightenment

The Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Enlightenment or the Age of Reason; in lit in Aufklärung, "Enlightenment", in L’Illuminismo, “Enlightenment” and in Spanish: La Ilustración, "Enlightenment") was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, "The Century of Philosophy".

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Alfred Cobban

Alfred Cobban (24 May 1901, London – 1 April 1968, London) was an English historian and professor of French history at University College, London, who along with prominent French historian François Furet advocated a Revisionist view of the French Revolution.

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Alfred, Lord Tennyson

Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson (6 August 1809 – 6 October 1892) was Poet Laureate of Great Britain and Ireland during much of Queen Victoria's reign and remains one of the most popular British poets.

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Altenburg is a city in Thuringia, Germany, located south of Leipzig, west of Dresden and east of Erfurt.

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American Academy of Arts and Sciences

The American Academy of Arts and Sciences is one of the oldest learned societies in the United States of America.

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Annales school

The Annales school is a group of historians associated with a style of historiography developed by French historians in the 20th century to stress long-term social history.

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Annan Academy

Annan Academy is a secondary school in Annan, in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland.

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Annan, Dumfries and Galloway

Annan (Scottish Gaelic: Inbhir Anainn) is a town and former royal burgh in Dumfries and Galloway, south-west Scotland.

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Anthony Panizzi

Sir Antonio Genesio Maria Panizzi (16 September 1797 – 8 April 1879), better known as Anthony Panizzi, was a naturalised British librarian of Italian birth and an Italian patriot.

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Anthony Trollope

Anthony Trollope (24 April 1815 – 6 December 1882) was an English novelist of the Victorian era.

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Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.

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The Übermensch (German for "Beyond-Man", "Superman", "Overman", "Superhuman", "Hyperman", "Hyperhuman") is a concept in the philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche.

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Beyond Good and Evil

Beyond Good and Evil: Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future (Jenseits von Gut und Böse: Vorspiel einer Philosophie der Zukunft) is a book by philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche that expands the ideas of his previous work, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, with a more critical and polemical approach.

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British Library

The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.

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In Buddhism, buddhahood (buddhatva; buddhatta or italic) is the condition or rank of a buddha "awakened one".

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Burgher (Church history)

In the Scottish church of the 18th and 19th centuries, a burgher was a member of that party amongst the seceders which asserted the lawfulness of the burgess oath.

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Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.

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Captain of industry

In the late 19th century a captain of industry was a business leader whose means of amassing a personal fortune contributed positively to the country in some way.

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Carlyle circle

In mathematics, a Carlyle circle (named for Thomas Carlyle) is a certain circle in a coordinate plane associated with a quadratic equation.

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Carlyle's House

Carlyle's House, in Chelsea, central London, was the home acquired by the historian and philosopher Thomas Carlyle and his wife Jane Welsh Carlyle, after having lived at Craigenputtock in Dumfriesshire, Scotland.

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Catholic Apostolic Church

The Catholic Apostolic Church was a religious movement which originated in England around 1831 and later spread to Germany and the United States.

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Chapman & Hall

Chapman & Hall was a British publishing house in London, founded in the first half of the 19th century by Edward Chapman and William Hall.

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Charismatic authority

Charismatic authority is a concept about leadership that was developed in 1922 (he died in 1920) by the German sociologist Max Weber.

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Charles Darwin

Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.

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Charles Dickens

Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic.

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Charles Eliot Norton

Charles Eliot Norton (November 16, 1827 – October 21, 1908) was an American author, social critic, and professor of art.

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Charles Kingsley

Charles Kingsley (12 June 1819 – 23 January 1875) was a broad church priest of the Church of England, a university professor, social reformer, historian and novelist.

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Chartism was a working-class movement for political reform in Britain that existed from 1838 to 1857.

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Chelsea, London

Chelsea is an affluent area of South West London, bounded to the south by the River Thames.

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Cheyne Row

Cheyne Row is a street in Chelsea, London.

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Compass-and-straightedge construction

Compass-and-straightedge construction, also known as ruler-and-compass construction or classical construction, is the construction of lengths, angles, and other geometric figures using only an idealized ruler and compass.

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Craigenputtock is the craig/whinstone hill of the puttocks (small hawks).

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Dante Alighieri

Durante degli Alighieri, commonly known as Dante Alighieri or simply Dante (c. 1265 – 1321), was a major Italian poet of the Late Middle Ages.

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David Daiches

David Daiches CBE (2 September 1912 – 15 July 2005) was a Scottish literary historian and literary critic, scholar and writer.

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Deism (or; derived from Latin "deus" meaning "god") is a philosophical belief that posits that God exists and is ultimately responsible for the creation of the universe, but does not interfere directly with the created world.

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Denis Diderot

Denis Diderot (5 October 171331 July 1784) was a French philosopher, art critic, and writer, best known for serving as co-founder, chief editor, and contributor to the Encyclopédie along with Jean le Rond d'Alembert.

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Dumfriesshire or the County of Dumfries (Siorrachd Dhùn Phris in Gaelic) is a historic county, registration county and lieutenancy area of Scotland.

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Ecclefechan (Scottish Gaelic: Eaglais Fheichein) is a small village in the south of Scotland in Dumfries and Galloway.

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Edinburgh Encyclopædia

The Edinburgh Encyclopædia was an encyclopaedia in 18 volumes, printed and published by William Blackwood and edited by David Brewster between 1808 and 1830.

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Edward Caird

Edward Caird, FBA, FRSE (23 March 1835 – 1 November 1908) was a Scottish philosopher.

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Edward Irving

Edward Irving (4 August 1792 – 7 December 1834) was a Scottish clergyman, generally regarded as the main figure behind the foundation of the Catholic Apostolic Church.

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Edward John Eyre

Edward John Eyre (5 August 1815 – 30 November 1901) was an English land explorer of the Australian continent, colonial administrator, and a controversial Governor of Jamaica.

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Elliott & Fry

Elliott & Fry was a Victorian photography studio founded in 1863 by Joseph John Elliott (14 October 1835 – 30 March 1903) and Clarence Edmund Fry (1840 – 12 April 1897).

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England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Ernst Cassirer

Ernst Alfred Cassirer (July 28, 1874 – April 13, 1945) was a German philosopher.

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An essay is, generally, a piece of writing that gives the author's own argument — but the definition is vague, overlapping with those of a paper, an article, a pamphlet, and a short story.

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Existentialism is a tradition of philosophical inquiry associated mainly with certain 19th and 20th-century European philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences,Oxford Companion to Philosophy, ed.

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Followership is the actions of someone in a subordinate role.

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Fraser's Magazine

Fraser's Magazine for Town and Country was a general and literary journal published in London from 1830 to 1882, which initially took a strong Tory line in politics.

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Fred Kaplan (biographer)

Fred Kaplan (born 1937) is distinguished Professor Emeritus of English at Queens College and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York.

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Frederic Harrison

Frederic Harrison (18 October 1831 – 14 January 1923) was a British jurist and historian.

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Frederick the Great

Frederick II (Friedrich; 24 January 171217 August 1786) was King of Prussia from 1740 until 1786, the longest reign of any Hohenzollern king.

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Friedrich Engels

Friedrich Engels (. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.;, sometimes anglicised Frederick Engels; 28 November 1820 – 5 August 1895) was a German philosopher, social scientist, journalist and businessman.

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Friedrich Nietzsche

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, philologist and a Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.

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Friedrich Schiller

Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (10 November 17599 May 1805) was a German poet, philosopher, physician, historian, and playwright.

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George Orwell

Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950), better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic whose work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism and outspoken support of democratic socialism.

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George William Gordon

George William Gordon (1820 – 23 October 1865) was a wealthy mixed-race Jamaican businessman, magistrate and politician, one of two representatives to the Assembly from St. Thomas-in-the-East Parish.

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Geraldine Jewsbury

Geraldine Endsor Jewsbury (22 August 1812 – 23 September 1880) was an English novelist, book reviewer and figure in London literary life, best known for popular novels such as Zoe: the History of Two Lives and reviews for the literary periodical the Athenaeum.

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German idealism

German idealism (also known as post-Kantian idealism, post-Kantian philosophy, or simply post-Kantianism) was a philosophical movement that emerged in Germany in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

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German literature

German literature comprises those literary texts written in the German language.

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Gig (carriage)

A gig, also called chair or chaise, is a light, two-wheeled sprung cart pulled by one horse.

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Great man theory

The great man theory is a 19th-century idea according to which history can be largely explained by the impact of great men, or heroes; highly influential individuals who, due to either their personal charisma, intelligence, wisdom, or political skill used their power in a way that had a decisive historical impact.

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Guinea (coin)

The guinea was a coin of approximately one quarter ounce of gold that was minted in Great Britain between 1663 and 1814.

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Henry Duff Traill

Henry Duff Traill (14 August 1842 – 21 February 1900), was a British author and journalist.

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Herbert Spencer

Herbert Spencer (27 April 1820 – 8 December 1903) was an English philosopher, biologist, anthropologist, sociologist, and prominent classical liberal political theorist of the Victorian era.

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A historian is a person who studies and writes about the past, and is regarded as an authority on it.

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Historiography of the French Revolution

The historiography of the French Revolution stretches back over two hundred years, as commentators and historians have sought to answer questions regarding the origins of the Revolution, and its meaning and effects.

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History of Friedrich II of Prussia

History of Friedrich II of Prussia, Called Frederick the Great was a biography of Friedrich II of Prussia written by Scottish historian Thomas Carlyle.

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Jamaica Committee

The Jamaica Committee was a group set up in Great Britain in 1865, which called for Edward Eyre, Governor of Jamaica, to be tried for his excesses in suppressing the Morant Bay rebellion of 1865.

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James Anthony Froude

James Anthony Froude (23 April 1818 – 20 October 1894) was an English historian, novelist, biographer, and editor of Fraser's Magazine.

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James Fitzjames Stephen

Sir James Fitzjames Stephen, 1st Baronet, KCSI (3 March 1829 – 11 March 1894) was an English lawyer, judge and writer.

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James Moncreiff, 1st Baron Moncreiff

James Moncreiff, 1st Baron Moncreiff of Tullibole LLD (29 November 1811 – 27 April 1895) was a Scottish lawyer and politician.

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James Russell Lowell

James Russell Lowell (February 22, 1819 – August 12, 1891) was an American Romantic poet, critic, editor, and diplomat.

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Jane Welsh Carlyle

Jane Welsh Carlyle (14 January 1801 – 21 April 1866, née Jane Baillie Welsh in Haddington Scotland) was the wife of essayist Thomas Carlyle.

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Jean de La Fontaine

Jean de La Fontaine (8 July 162113 April 1695) was a French fabulist and one of the most widely read French poets of the 17th century.

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778) was a Genevan philosopher, writer and composer.

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Jenny kiss'd Me

Jenny kiss'd Me (original title: Rondeau) is a poem by the English essayist Leigh Hunt.

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Johann Gottlieb Fichte

Johann Gottlieb Fichte (May 19, 1762 – January 27, 1814), was a German philosopher who became a founding figure of the philosophical movement known as German idealism, which developed from the theoretical and ethical writings of Immanuel Kant.

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Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman.

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John Bright

John Bright (16 November 1811 – 27 March 1889) was a British Radical and Liberal statesman, one of the greatest orators of his generation and a promoter of free trade policies.

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John Knox

John Knox (– 24 November 1572) was a Scottish minister, theologian, and writer who was a leader of the country's Reformation.

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John Ruskin

John Ruskin (8 February 1819 – 20 January 1900) was the leading English art critic of the Victorian era, as well as an art patron, draughtsman, watercolourist, a prominent social thinker and philanthropist.

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John Stuart Mill

John Stuart Mill, also known as J.S. Mill, (20 May 1806 – 8 May 1873) was a British philosopher, political economist, and civil servant.

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John Tyndall

John Tyndall FRS (2 August 1820 – 4 December 1893) was a prominent 19th-century physicist.

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Jonathan Swift

Jonathan Swift (30 November 1667 – 19 October 1745) was an Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer (first for the Whigs, then for the Tories), poet and cleric who became Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin.

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Joseph Goebbels

Paul Joseph Goebbels (29 October 1897 – 1 May 1945) was a German Nazi politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945.

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Julian Symons

Julian Gustave Symons (pronounced SIMM-ons; 30 May 1912 – 19 November 1994) was a British crime writer and poet.

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Karl Marx

Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.

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Kings Cross, London

Kings Cross is an inner city district in north London, England, 2.5 miles (4.8 km) north west of Charing Cross.

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Kirkcaldy (Cair Chaladain) is a town and former royal burgh in Fife, on the east coast of Scotland.

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Kitty Kirkpatrick

Katherine Aurora "Kitty" Kirkpatrick (9 April 1802 – 2 March 1889) was a British Anglo-Indian woman best known as a muse of the author Thomas Carlyle, and as an example of Eurasian children during the early years of British colonialism in India.

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Kunz von Kaufungen

Kunz von Kaufungen (also known as Conrad von Kaufungen, or Kunz von Kauffungen; c. 1410 - July 14, 1455), was a German knight and military commander.

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Latter-Day Pamphlets

Latter-Day Pamphlets was a series of "pamphlets" published by Thomas Carlyle in 1850, in vehement denunciation of what he believed to be the political, social, and religious imbecilities and injustices of the period.

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Laurence Sterne

Laurence Sterne (24 November 1713 – 18 March 1768) was an Irish novelist and an Anglican clergyman.

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Leap of faith

A leap of faith, in its most commonly used meaning, is the act of believing in or accepting something outside the boundaries of reason.

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Leigh Hunt

James Henry Leigh Hunt (19 October 178428 August 1859), best known as Leigh Hunt, was an English critic, essayist and poet.

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Leslie J. Workman

Leslie J. Workman (5 March 1927 in Hanwell, London, England – 1 April 2001 in Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA) was an independent scholar and founder of academic medievalism.

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List of books for the "Famous Scots Series"

This is a list of books published as the "Famous Scots Series" by the Edinburgh publishers, Oliphant, Anderson and Ferrier, from 1896 to 1905.

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London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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London Library

The London Library is an independent lending library in London, established in 1841.

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Martin Luther

Martin Luther, (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.

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A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics in his or her work, typically to solve mathematical problems.

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Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.

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Max Müller

Friedrich Max Müller (6 December 1823 – 28 October 1900), generally known as Max Müller, was a German-born philologist and Orientalist, who lived and studied in Britain for most of his life.

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Max Weber

Maximilian Karl Emil "Max" Weber (21 April 1864 – 14 June 1920) was a German sociologist, philosopher, jurist, and political economist.

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Mephistopheles (also Mephistophilus, Mephostopheles, Mephistophilis, Mephisto, Mephastophilis, and other variants) is a demon featured in German folklore.

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Morant Bay rebellion

The Morant Bay rebellion (11 October 1865) began with a protest march to the courthouse by hundreds of peasants led by preacher Paul Bogle in Morant Bay, Jamaica.

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MuhammadFull name: Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāšim (ابو القاسم محمد ابن عبد الله ابن عبد المطلب ابن هاشم, lit: Father of Qasim Muhammad son of Abd Allah son of Abdul-Muttalib son of Hashim) (مُحمّد;;Classical Arabic pronunciation Latinized as Mahometus c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE)Elizabeth Goldman (1995), p. 63, gives 8 June 632 CE, the dominant Islamic tradition.

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Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.

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National Portrait Gallery, London

The National Portrait Gallery (NPG) is an art gallery in London housing a collection of portraits of historically important and famous British people.

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National Trust for Scotland

The National Trust for Scotland for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, commonly known as the National Trust for Scotland (Urras Nàiseanta na h-Alba) is a Scottish conservation organisation.

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Northrop Frye

Herman Northrop Frye (July 14, 1912 – January 23, 1991) was a Canadian literary critic and literary theorist, considered one of the most influential of the 20th century.

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Nouvelle histoire

The term new history from the French term nouvelle histoire, was coined by Jacques Le Goff and Pierre Nora, leaders of the third generation of the Annales School, in the 1970s.

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Occasional Discourse on the Negro Question

The essay "Occasional Discourse on the Negro Question" was written by the Scottish essayist Thomas Carlyle about the acceptability of using black slaves and indentured servants.

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In Germanic mythology, Odin (from Óðinn /ˈoːðinː/) is a widely revered god.

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Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell (25 April 15993 September 1658) was an English military and political leader.

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On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and The Heroic in History

On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and The Heroic in History is a book by Thomas Carlyle, published by James Fraser, London, in 1841.

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Past and Present (book)

Past and Present is a book by Thomas Carlyle.

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A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy, which involves rational inquiry into areas that are outside either theology or science.

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Philosophy of history

Philosophy of history is the philosophical study of history and the past.

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Postmodernism is a broad movement that developed in the mid- to late-20th century across philosophy, the arts, architecture, and criticism and that marked a departure from modernism.

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Quadratic equation

In algebra, a quadratic equation (from the Latin quadratus for "square") is any equation having the form where represents an unknown, and,, and represent known numbers such that is not equal to.

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Ralph Waldo Emerson

Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) was an American essayist, lecturer, philosopher, and poet who led the transcendentalist movement of the mid-19th century.

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Rector of the University of Edinburgh

The Lord Rector of the University of Edinburgh is elected every three years by the students and staff at the University of Edinburgh.

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Reform Act 1867

The Representation of the People Act 1867, 30 & 31 Vict.

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Regular polygon

In Euclidean geometry, a regular polygon is a polygon that is equiangular (all angles are equal in measure) and equilateral (all sides have the same length).

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René Wellek

René Wellek (August 22, 1903 – November 11, 1995) was a Czech-American comparative literary critic.

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Revolutions of 1848

The Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations, People's Spring, Springtime of the Peoples, or the Year of Revolution, were a series of political upheavals throughout Europe in 1848.

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Robert Burns

Robert Burns (25 January 175921 July 1796), also known as Rabbie Burns, the Bard of Ayrshire, Ploughman Poet and various other names and epithets, was a Scottish poet and lyricist.

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Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.

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Sage writing

Sage writing was a genre of creative nonfiction popular in the Victorian era.

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Samuel Butler (novelist)

Samuel Butler (4 December 1835 – 18 June 1902) was the iconoclastic English author of the Utopian satirical novel Erewhon (1872) and the semi-autobiographical Bildungsroman The Way of All Flesh, published posthumously in 1903.

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Samuel Johnson

Samuel Johnson LL.D. (18 September 1709 – 13 December 1784), often referred to as Dr.

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Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (21 October 177225 July 1834) was an English poet, literary critic, philosopher and theologian who, with his friend William Wordsworth, was a founder of the Romantic Movement in England and a member of the Lake Poets.

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Sartor Resartus

Sartor Resartus (meaning 'The tailor re-tailored') is an 1836 novel by Thomas Carlyle, first published as a serial in 1833–34 in Fraser's Magazine.

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Satire is a genre of literature, and sometimes graphic and performing arts, in which vices, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, ideally with the intent of shaming individuals, corporations, government, or society itself into improvement.

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Søren Kierkegaard

Søren Aabye Kierkegaard (5 May 1813 – 11 November 1855) was a Danish philosopher, theologian, poet, social critic and religious author who is widely considered to be the first existentialist philosopher.

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Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Scottish National Portrait Gallery

The Scottish National Portrait Gallery is an art museum on Queen Street, Edinburgh.

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Serfdom is the status of many peasants under feudalism, specifically relating to manorialism.

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Stirling (Stirlin; Sruighlea) is a city in central Scotland.

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Subscription library

A subscription library (also membership library or independent library) is a library that is financed by private funds either from membership fees or endowments.

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The dismal science

"The dismal science" is a derogatory alternative name for economics coined by the Victorian historian Thomas Carlyle in the 19th century.

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The French Revolution: A History

The French Revolution: A History was written by the Scottish essayist, philosopher, and historian Thomas Carlyle.

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The Green Snake and the Beautiful Lily

The Green Snake and the Beautiful Lily (German title: Märchen or Das Märchen) is a fairy tale by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe published in 1795 in Friedrich Schiller's German magazine Die Horen (The Horae).

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The Life of John Sterling

The Life of John Sterling was a biography of the Scottish author John Sterling (1806-1844), written by his friend, the Scottish essayist and historian, Thomas Carlyle.

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The Nuttall Encyclopædia

The Nuttall Encyclopædia: Being a Concise and Comprehensive Dictionary of General Knowledge is a late 19th-century encyclopedia, edited by Rev.

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The Westminster Review

The Westminster Review was a quarterly British publication.

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Thomas Carlyle (lawyer)

Thomas Carlyle (17 July 1803 – 28 January 1855) was born in King's Grange near Dumfries in Scotland.

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Thomas Henry Huxley

Thomas Henry Huxley (4 May 1825 – 29 June 1895) was an English biologist specialising in comparative anatomy.

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Thomas Hughes

Thomas Hughes (20 October 182222 March 1896) was an English lawyer, judge, politician and author.

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A Tory is a person who holds a political philosophy, known as Toryism, based on a British version of traditionalism and conservatism, which upholds the supremacy of social order as it has evolved throughout history.

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Transcendentalism is a philosophical movement that developed in the late 1820s and 1830s in the eastern United States.

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Translation is the communication of the meaning of a source-language text by means of an equivalent target-language text.

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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.

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University of California Press

University of California Press, otherwise known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing.

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University of Edinburgh

The University of Edinburgh (abbreviated as Edin. in post-nominals), founded in 1582, is the sixth oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's ancient universities.

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University of St Andrews

The University of St Andrews (informally known as St Andrews University or simply St Andrews; abbreviated as St And, from the Latin Sancti Andreae, in post-nominals) is a British public research university in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland.

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Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that states that the best action is the one that maximizes utility.

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Valet and varlet are terms for male servants who serve as personal attendants to their employer.

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Victorian era

In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.

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Victorian literature

Victorian literature is literature, mainly written in English, during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837–1901) (the Victorian era).

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François-Marie Arouet (21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on Christianity as a whole, especially the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech and separation of church and state.

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Wallace Monument

The National Wallace Monument (generally known as the Wallace Monument) is a tower standing on the shoulder of the Abbey Craig, a hilltop overlooking Stirling in Scotland.

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Walt Whitman

Walter "Walt" Whitman (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist, and journalist.

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Westminster Abbey

Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.

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Whig history

Whig history (or Whig historiography) is an approach to historiography that presents the past as an inevitable progression towards ever greater liberty and enlightenment, culminating in modern forms of liberal democracy and constitutional monarchy.

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White Mughals

White Mughals is a 2002 history book by William Dalrymple.

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Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship

Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship (Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre) is the second novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, published in 1795–96.

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William Dalrymple (historian)

William Dalrymple FRSL, FRGS, FRAS, FRSE (born William Hamilton-Dalrymple on 20 March 1965) is a Scottish historian and writer, art historian and curator, as well as a prominent broadcaster and critic.

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William Edward Hartpole Lecky

William Edward Hartpole Lecky, OM, FBA (26 March 1838 – 22 October 1903) was an Irish historian, essayist, and political theorist with Whig proclivities.

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William Ewart Gladstone

William Ewart Gladstone, (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party.

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William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.

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Carlyle, Thomas, Carlylean, Centre of Immensities, Conflux of Eternities, Everlasting No, Everlasting Yea, Gigman, Hallowed Fire, Heroes and Hero-Worship, Mights and Rights, Pig-Philosophy, Plugston of Undershot, Present Time, Printed Paper, Prinzenraub, Progress of the Species Magazines, Sage of Ecclefechan, Sauerteig, T Carlyle, T. Carlyle, The Conflux of Eternities, The Everlasting No, The Everlasting Yea, Thomas Carlyie, Thomas Carlysle, Thomas carlyle, Worship of Silence, Worship of Sorrow.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Carlyle

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