140 relations: Albert Tyler (biologist), Alfred Sturtevant, Allegheny Mountains, American Association for the Advancement of Science, American National Biography, Annisquam, Massachusetts, Arthropod, Bachelor of Science, Balanus, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Biostatistics, Blastomere, Boris Ephrussi, Boveri–Sutton chromosome theory, Bryn Mawr College, C. H. Waddington, California Institute of Technology, Calvin Bridges, Carl Correns, Catholic University of Leuven (1835–1968), Centimorgan, Charles Darwin, Charles W. Woodworth, Chelicerata, Chromosomal crossover, Chromosome, Columbia University, Common descent, Confederate States Army, Copley Medal, Corona del Mar, Newport Beach, Ctenophora, Curt Stern, Darwin Medal, Darwinism, Doctor of Philosophy, Drosophila melanogaster, Edmund Beecher Wilson, Edward Tatum, Embryology, Epigenetics, Eric Kandel, Erich von Tschermak, Eugenics, Europe, Evolutionary biology, Fernandus Payne, Francis Scott Key, Frans Alfons Janssens, Frits Went, ..., Gene, Genetic counseling, Genetic linkage, Geneticist, Genetics, Genetics (journal), Genetics Society of America, George Beadle, George Ellery Hale, Gregor Mendel, Hans Driesch, Heredity, Hermann Joseph Muller, History of genetics, History of model organisms, Hugo de Vries, International Congress of Genetics, Isabel Morgan, Ithaca, New York, J. B. S. Haldane, Jacques Loeb, Jamaica, John Eager Howard, John Howard Northrop, John Hunt Morgan, John Wesley Hunt, Johns Hopkins University, Kentucky, Kerckhoff Marine Laboratory, Lamarckism, Lexington, Kentucky, Linus Pauling, Magnesium chloride, Marine Biological Laboratory, Maryland, Mendelian inheritance, Model organism, Morphology (biology), Mutant, Mutationism, Naples, National Academy of Sciences, Natural selection, Naturphilosophie, Neo-Darwinism, Nettie Stevens, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Normal science, Oxford University Press, Pasadena, California, Peptic ulcer disease, Phylogenetics, Poliomyelitis, Polytene chromosome, Princeton University Press, Racism, Regeneration (biology), Richard Goldschmidt, Royal Society, Science (journal), Sea spider, Sea urchin, Sex chromosome, Sex linkage, Sex-determination system, Sidney W. Fox, Southern United States, Stazione Zoologica, The Bahamas, The eclipse of Darwinism, The Star-Spangled Banner, Theodor Boveri, Theodosius Dobzhansky, Thomas Hunt Morgan bibliography, Thomas Hunt Morgan Medal, United States, United States Geological Survey, University of Chicago Press, University of Kentucky, University Press of Kentucky, Valedictorian, Virology, Walter Sutton, White (mutation), Wild type, Wilhelm Roux, William E. Castle, William Keith Brooks, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, Zoology. Expand index (90 more) » « Shrink index
Albert Tyler (June 26, 1906 – 1968) was an American biologist whose research was focused on reproductive biology and development in marine organisms.
Alfred Henry Sturtevant (November 21, 1891 – April 5, 1970) was an American geneticist.
The Allegheny Mountain Range, informally the Alleghenies and also spelled Alleghany and Allegany, is part of the vast Appalachian Mountain Range of the eastern United States and Canada and posed a significant barrier to land travel in less technologically advanced eras.
The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is an American international non-profit organization with the stated goals of promoting cooperation among scientists, defending scientific freedom, encouraging scientific responsibility, and supporting scientific education and science outreach for the betterment of all humanity.
The American National Biography (ANB) is a 24-volume biographical encyclopedia set that contains about 17,400 entries and 20 million words, first published in 1999 by Oxford University Press under the auspices of the American Council of Learned Societies.
Annisquam is a small waterfront neighborhood in the city of Gloucester, on the North Shore of Massachusetts.
An arthropod (from Greek ἄρθρον arthron, "joint" and πούς pous, "foot") is an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton (external skeleton), a segmented body, and paired jointed appendages.
A Bachelor of Science (Latin Baccalaureus Scientiae, B.S., BS, B.Sc., BSc, or B.Sc; or, less commonly, S.B., SB, or Sc.B., from the equivalent Latin Scientiae Baccalaureus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for completed courses that generally last three to five years, or a person holding such a degree.
Balanus is a genus of barnacles in the family Balanidae of the subphylum Crustacea.
The Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society is an academic journal on the history of science published annually by the Royal Society.
Biostatistics is the application of statistics to a wide range of topics in biology.
In biology, blastocoel is a type of cell produced by cleavage (cell division) of the zygote after fertilization and is an essential part of blastula formation.
Boris Ephrussi (Борис Самойлович Эфрусси; 9 May 1901 – 2 May 1979), Professor of Genetics at the University of Paris, was a Russo-French geneticist.
The Boveri–Sutton chromosome theory (also known as the chromosome theory of inheritance or the Sutton–Boveri theory) is a fundamental unifying theory of genetics which identifies chromosomes as the carriers of genetic material.
Bryn Mawr College (Welsh) is a women's liberal arts college in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania.
Conrad Hal Waddington CBE FRS FRSE (8 November 1905 – 26 September 1975) was a British developmental biologist, paleontologist, geneticist, embryologist and philosopher who laid the foundations for systems biology, epigenetics, and evolutionary developmental biology.
The California Institute of Technology (abbreviated Caltech)The university itself only spells its short form as "Caltech"; other spellings such as.
Calvin Blackman Bridges (January 11, 1889 – December 27, 1938) was an American scientist, known for his contributions to the field of genetics.
Carl Erich Correns (19 September 1864 – 14 February 1933) was a German botanist and geneticist, who is notable primarily for his independent discovery of the principles of heredity, and for his rediscovery of Gregor Mendel's earlier paper on that subject, which he achieved simultaneously but independently of the botanists Erich Tschermak von Seysenegg and Hugo de Vries, and the agronomist William Jasper Spillman.
The Catholic University of Leuven (of Louvain in French, and historically in English), founded as the Catholic University of Mechelen in 1834 and transferred to the town of Leuven in 1835, was considered the largest, oldest and most prominent university in Belgium.
In genetics, a centimorgan (abbreviated cM) or map unit (m.u.) is a unit for measuring genetic linkage.
Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.
Charles William Woodworth (April 28, 1865 – November 19, 1940) was an American entomologist.
The subphylum Chelicerata (New Latin, from French chélicère, from Greek khēlē "claw, chela" and kéras "horn") constitutes one of the major subdivisions of the phylum Arthropoda.
Chromosomal crossover (or crossing over) is the exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosomes that results in recombinant chromosomes during sexual reproduction.
A chromosome (from Ancient Greek: χρωμόσωμα, chromosoma, chroma means colour, soma means body) is a DNA molecule with part or all of the genetic material (genome) of an organism.
Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), established in 1754, is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
Common descent describes how, in evolutionary biology, a group of organisms share a most recent common ancestor.
The Confederate States Army (C.S.A.) was the military land force of the Confederate States of America (Confederacy) during the American Civil War (1861–1865).
The Copley Medal is a scientific award given by the Royal Society, for "outstanding achievements in research in any branch of science." It alternates between the physical and the biological sciences.
Corona del Mar or CdM (Spanish for "Crown of the Sea") is a neighborhood in the city of Newport Beach, California.
Ctenophora (singular ctenophore, or; from the Greek κτείς kteis 'comb' and φέρω pherō 'to carry'; commonly known as comb jellies) is a phylum of invertebrate animals that live in marine waters worldwide.
Curt Stern (August 30, 1902 – October 23, 1981) was a German-born American geneticist.
The Darwin Medal is awarded by the Royal Society every alternate year for "work of acknowledged distinction in the broad area of biology in which Charles Darwin worked, notably in evolution, population biology, organismal biology and biological diversity".
Darwinism is a theory of biological evolution developed by the English naturalist Charles Darwin (1809–1882) and others, stating that all species of organisms arise and develop through the natural selection of small, inherited variations that increase the individual's ability to compete, survive, and reproduce.
A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD or Ph.D.; Latin Philosophiae doctor) is the highest academic degree awarded by universities in most countries.
Drosophila melanogaster is a species of fly (the taxonomic order Diptera) in the family Drosophilidae.
Edmund Beecher Wilson (19 October 1856 – 3 March 1939) was a pioneering American zoologist and geneticist.
Edward Lawrie Tatum (December 14, 1909 – November 5, 1975) was an American geneticist.
Embryology (from Greek ἔμβρυον, embryon, "the unborn, embryo"; and -λογία, -logia) is the branch of biology that studies the prenatal development of gametes (sex cells), fertilization, and development of embryos and fetuses.
Epigenetics is the study of heritable changes in gene function that do not involve changes in the DNA sequence.
Eric Richard Kandel (born November 7, 1929) is an Austrian-American neuroscientist and a University Professor of biochemistry and biophysics at the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University.
Erich Tschermak, Edler von Seysenegg (15 November 1871 – 11 October 1962) was an Austrian agronomist who developed several new disease-resistant crops, including wheat-rye and oat hybrids.
Eugenics (from Greek εὐγενής eugenes 'well-born' from εὖ eu, 'good, well' and γένος genos, 'race, stock, kin') is a set of beliefs and practices that aims at improving the genetic quality of a human population.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Evolutionary biology is the subfield of biology that studies the evolutionary processes that produced the diversity of life on Earth, starting from a single common ancestor.
Fernandus Payne (February 13, 1881 – October 13, 1977) was an American zoologist, geneticist and educator.
Francis Scott Key (August 1, 1779January 11, 1843) was an American lawyer, author, and amateur poet from Frederick, Maryland who is best known for writing a poem which later became the lyrics for the United States' national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner".
Frans Alfons Janssens (Sint-Niklaas 23 July 1865 - Wichelen, 8 October 1924).
Friedrich August Ferdinand Christian Went ForMemRS (June 18, 1863 – July 24, 1935) was a Dutch botanist.
In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.
Genetic counseling is the process by which the patients or relatives at risk of an inherited disorder (or may be carrying a child at risk) are advised of the consequences and nature of the disorder, the probability of developing or transmitting it, and the options open to them in management and family planning.
Genetic linkage is the tendency of DNA sequences that are close together on a chromosome to be inherited together during the meiosis phase of sexual reproduction.
A geneticist is a biologist who studies genetics, the science of genes, heredity, and variation of organisms.
Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms.
Genetics is a monthly scientific journal publishing investigations bearing on heredity, genetics, biochemistry and molecular biology.
The Genetics Society of America (GSA) is a scholarly membership society of more than 5,500 genetics researchers and educators, established in 1931.
George Wells Beadle (October 22, 1903 – June 9, 1989) was an American scientist in the field of genetics, and Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Nobel laureate who with Edward Tatum discovered the role of genes in regulating biochemical events within cells in 1958.
George Ellery Hale (June 29, 1868 – February 21, 1938) was an American solar astronomer, best known for his discovery of magnetic fields in sunspots, and as the leader or key figure in the planning or construction of several world-leading telescopes; namely, the 40-inch refracting telescope at Yerkes Observatory, 60-inch Hale reflecting telescope at Mount Wilson Observatory, 100-inch Hooker reflecting telescope at Mount Wilson, and the 200-inch Hale reflecting telescope at Palomar Observatory.
Gregor Johann Mendel (Řehoř Jan Mendel; 20 July 1822 – 6 January 1884) was a scientist, Augustinian friar and abbot of St. Thomas' Abbey in Brno, Margraviate of Moravia.
Hans Adolf Eduard Driesch (28 October 1867 – 17 April 1941) was a German biologist and philosopher from Bad Kreuznach.
Heredity is the passing on of traits from parents to their offspring, either through asexual reproduction or sexual reproduction, the offspring cells or organisms acquire the genetic information of their parents.
Hermann Joseph Muller (December 21, 1890 – April 5, 1967) was an American geneticist, educator, and Nobel laureate best known for his work on the physiological and genetic effects of radiation (mutagenesis) as well as his outspoken political beliefs.
The history of genetics dates from the classical era with contributions by Hippocrates, Aristotle and Epicurus.
The history of model organisms began with the idea that certain organisms can be studied and used to gain knowledge of other organisms or as a control (ideal) for other organisms of the same species.
Hugo Marie de Vries ForMemRS (16 February 1848 – 21 May 1935) was a Dutch botanist and one of the first geneticists.
The International Congress of Genetics (ICG) is a five yearly conference for geneticists.
Isabel Merrick Morgan (also Morgan Mountain) (20 August 1911 – 18 August 1996) was an American virologist at Johns Hopkins University who prepared an experimental vaccine that protected monkeys against polio in a research team with David Bodian and Howard Howe.
Ithaca is a city in the Finger Lakes region of New York.
John Burdon Sanderson Haldane (5 November 18921 December 1964) was an English scientist known for his work in the study of physiology, genetics, evolutionary biology, and in mathematics, where he made innovative contributions to the fields of statistics and biostatistics.
Jacques Loeb (April 7, 1859 – February 11, 1924) was a German-born American physiologist and biologist.
Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea.
John Eager Howard (June 4, 1752October 12, 1827) was an American soldier and politician from Maryland.
John Howard Northrop (July 5, 1891 – May 27, 1987) was an American biochemist who, with James Batcheller Sumner and Wendell Meredith Stanley, won the 1946 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
John Hunt Morgan (June 1, 1825 – September 4, 1864) was a Confederate general in the American Civil War.
John Wesley Hunt (1773–1849) was a prominent businessman and early civic leader in Lexington, Kentucky.
Johns Hopkins University is an American private research university in Baltimore, Maryland.
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States.
The William G. Kerckhoff Marine Laboratory is owned and operated by the California Institute of Technology.
Lamarckism (or Lamarckian inheritance) is the hypothesis that an organism can pass on characteristics that it has acquired through use or disuse during its lifetime to its offspring.
Lexington, consolidated with Fayette County and often denoted as Lexington-Fayette, is the second-largest city in Kentucky and the 60th-largest city in the United States.
Linus Carl Pauling (February 28, 1901 – August 19, 1994) was an American chemist, biochemist, peace activist, author, educator, and husband of American human rights activist Ava Helen Pauling.
Magnesium chloride is the name for the chemical compound with the formula MgCl2 and its various hydrates MgCl2(H2O)x.
The Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) is an international center for research and education in biological and environmental science.
Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.
Mendelian inheritance is a type of biological inheritance that follows the laws originally proposed by Gregor Mendel in 1865 and 1866 and re-discovered in 1900.
A model organism is a non-human species that is extensively studied to understand particular biological phenomena, with the expectation that discoveries made in the organism model will provide insight into the workings of other organisms.
Morphology is a branch of biology dealing with the study of the form and structure of organisms and their specific structural features.
In biology and especially genetics, a mutant is an organism or a new genetic character arising or resulting from an instance of mutation, which is an alteration of the DNA sequence of a gene or chromosome of an organism.
Mutationism is one of several alternatives to evolution by natural selection that have existed both before and after the publication of Charles Darwin's 1859 book, On the Origin of Species.
Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a United States nonprofit, non-governmental organization.
Natural selection is the differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to differences in phenotype.
Naturphilosophie ("philosophy of nature" or "nature-philosophy" in German) is a term used in English-language philosophy to identify a current in the philosophical tradition of German idealism, as applied to the study of nature in the earlier 19th century.
Neo-Darwinism is the interpretation of Darwinian evolution through natural selection as it has variously been modified since it was first proposed.
Nettie Maria Stevens (July 7, 1861 – May 4, 1912) was an early American geneticist.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.
Normal science, identified and elaborated on by Thomas Samuel Kuhn in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, is the regular work of scientists theorizing, observing, and experimenting within a settled paradigm or explanatory framework.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, located 10 miles (16 kilometers) northeast of Downtown Los Angeles.
Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a break in the lining of the stomach, first part of the small intestine or occasionally the lower esophagus.
In biology, phylogenetics (Greek: φυλή, φῦλον – phylé, phylon.
Poliomyelitis, often called polio or infantile paralysis, is an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus.
Polytene chromosomes are large chromosomes which have thousands of DNA strands.
Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.
Racism is the belief in the superiority of one race over another, which often results in discrimination and prejudice towards people based on their race or ethnicity.
In biology, regeneration is the process of renewal, restoration, and growth that makes genomes, cells, organisms, and ecosystems resilient to natural fluctuations or events that cause disturbance or damage.
Richard Benedict Goldschmidt (April 12, 1878 – April 24, 1958) was a German-born American geneticist.
The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.
Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.
Sea spiders, also called Pantopoda or pycnogonids, ('pycno-' closely packed, 'gonid' gonidia) are marine arthropods of class Pycnogonida.
Sea urchins or urchins are typically spiny, globular animals, echinoderms in the class Echinoidea.
An allosome (also referred to as a sex chromosome, heterotypical chromosome, heterochromosome, or idiochromosome) is a chromosome that differs from an ordinary autosome in form, size, and behavior.
Sex linkage is the phenotypic expression of an allele related to the allosome (sex chromosome) of the individual.
A sex-determination system is a biological system that determines the development of sexual characteristics in an organism.
Sidney Walter Fox (24 March 1912 – 10 August 1998) was a Los Angeles-born biochemist responsible for discoveries on the origins of life.
The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.
The Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn is a research institute in Naples, Italy, devoted to basic research in biology.
The Bahamas, known officially as the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, is an archipelagic state within the Lucayan Archipelago.
Julian Huxley used the phrase “the eclipse of Darwinism” to describe the state of affairs prior to what he called the modern synthesis, when evolution was widely accepted in scientific circles but relatively few biologists believed that natural selection was its primary mechanism.
"The Star-Spangled Banner" is the national anthem of the United States.
Theodor Heinrich Boveri (12 October 1862 – 15 October 1915) was a German biologist.
Theodosius Grygorovych Dobzhansky (Теодо́сій Григо́рович Добжа́нський; Феодо́сий Григо́рьевич Добржа́нский; January 25, 1900 – December 18, 1975) was a prominent Ukrainian-American geneticist and evolutionary biologist, and a central figure in the field of evolutionary biology for his work in shaping the modern synthesis.
This is a list of books and monographs by the American geneticist Thomas Hunt Morgan.
The Thomas Hunt Morgan Medal is awarded by the Genetics Society of America (GSA) for lifetime contributions to the field of genetics.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS, formerly simply Geological Survey) is a scientific agency of the United States government.
The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.
The University of Kentucky (UK) is a public co-educational university in Lexington, Kentucky.
The University Press of Kentucky (UPK) is the scholarly publisher for the Commonwealth of Kentucky, and was organized in 1969 as successor to the University of Kentucky Press.
Valedictorian is an academic title of success used in the United States, Canada, Central America, and the Philippines for the student who delivers the closing or farewell statement at a graduation ceremony (called a valediction).
Virology is the study of viruses – submicroscopic, parasitic particles of genetic material contained in a protein coat – and virus-like agents.
Walter Stanborough Sutton (April 5, 1877 – November 10, 1916) was an American geneticist and physician whose most significant contribution to present-day biology was his theory that the Mendelian laws of inheritance could be applied to chromosomes at the cellular level of living organisms.
white, abbreviated w, was the first sex-linked mutation ever discovered, found in the fruit fly ''Drosophila melanogaster''.
Wild type (WT) refers to the phenotype of the typical form of a species as it occurs in nature.
Wilhelm Roux (9 June 1850 – 15 September 1924) was a German zoologist and pioneer of experimental embryology.
William Ernest Castle (October 25, 1867 – June 3, 1962) was an early American geneticist.
William Keith Brooks (March 25, 1848 – November 12, 1908) was an American zoologist, born in Cleveland, Ohio, March 25, 1848.
Woods Hole is a census-designated place in the town of Falmouth in Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States.
Zoology or animal biology is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct, and how they interact with their ecosystems.