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Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

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Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), commonly called Jefferson Lab or JLab, is a U.S. national laboratory located in Newport News, Virginia. [1]

41 relations: Analog-to-digital converter, Atomic nucleus, Backplane, CERN, Chassis, CLAS detector, Computer configuration, Controller (computing), Data, Data acquisition, Digitization, Electron, Electronics, Electronvolt, Exotic meson, Fermilab, Free-electron laser, GlueX, Kelvin, Linear particle accelerator, Liquid helium, Modular crate electronics, Neutron, Newport News, Virginia, Niobium, Nuclear physics, Particle detector, Particle physics, Physicist, Picosecond, Proton, Pulse, Quark, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Southeastern Universities Research Association, Spectrometer, Stanford University, Subatomic particle, Superconducting radio frequency, United States Department of Energy national laboratories, Watt.

Analog-to-digital converter

In electronics, an analog-to-digital converter (ADC, A/D, or A-to-D) is a system that converts an analog signal, such as a sound picked up by a microphone or light entering a digital camera, into a digital signal.

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Atomic nucleus

The atomic nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons and neutrons at the center of an atom, discovered in 1911 by Ernest Rutherford based on the 1909 Geiger–Marsden gold foil experiment.

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Backplane

A backplane (or "backplane system") is a group of electrical connectors in parallel with each other, so that each pin of each connector is linked to the same relative pin of all the other connectors, forming a computer bus.

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CERN

The European Organization for Nuclear Research (Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire), known as CERN (derived from the name Conseil européen pour la recherche nucléaire), is a European research organization that operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world.

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Chassis

A chassis (plural chassis) is the internal framework of an artificial object, which supports the object in its construction and use.

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CLAS detector

CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) is a nuclear and particle physics detector located in the experimental Hall B at Jefferson Laboratory in Newport News, Virginia, United States.

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Computer configuration

In communications or computer systems, a configuration is an arrangement of functional units according to their nature, number, and chief characteristics.

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Controller (computing)

In computing and especially in computer hardware, a controller is a chip, an expansion card, or a stand-alone device that interfaces with a peripheral device.

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Data

Data is a set of values of qualitative or quantitative variables.

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Data acquisition

Data acquisition is the process of sampling signals that measure real world physical conditions and converting the resulting samples into digital numeric values that can be manipulated by a computer.

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Digitization

Digitization, at WhatIs.com in Collins English Dictionary less commonly digitalization, is the process of converting information into a digital (i.e. computer-readable) format, in which the information is organized into bits.

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Electron

The electron is a subatomic particle, symbol or, whose electric charge is negative one elementary charge.

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Electronics

Electronics is the discipline dealing with the development and application of devices and systems involving the flow of electrons in a vacuum, in gaseous media, and in semiconductors.

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Electronvolt

In physics, the electronvolt (symbol eV, also written electron-volt and electron volt) is a unit of energy equal to approximately joules (symbol J).

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Exotic meson

Non-quark model mesons include.

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Fermilab

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), located just outside Batavia, Illinois, near Chicago, is a United States Department of Energy national laboratory specializing in high-energy particle physics.

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Free-electron laser

A free-electron laser (FEL) is a kind of laser whose lasing medium consists of very-high-speed electrons moving freely through a magnetic structure, hence the term free electron.

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GlueX

GlueX is a particle physics experiment located at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) accelerator.

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Kelvin

The Kelvin scale is an absolute thermodynamic temperature scale using as its null point absolute zero, the temperature at which all thermal motion ceases in the classical description of thermodynamics.

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Linear particle accelerator

A linear particle accelerator (often shortened to linac) is a type of particle accelerator that accelerates charged subatomic particles or ions to a high speed by subjecting them to a series of oscillating electric potentials along a linear beamline.

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Liquid helium

At standard pressure, the chemical element helium exists in a liquid form only at the extremely low temperature of −270 °C (about 4 K or −452.2 °F).

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Modular crate electronics

Modular crate electronics are a general type of electronics and support infrastructure commonly used for trigger electronics and data acquisition in particle detectors.

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Neutron

| magnetic_moment.

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Newport News, Virginia

Newport News is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.

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Niobium

Niobium, formerly known as columbium, is a chemical element with symbol Nb (formerly Cb) and atomic number 41.

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Nuclear physics

Nuclear physics is the field of physics that studies atomic nuclei and their constituents and interactions.

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Particle detector

In experimental and applied particle physics, nuclear physics, and nuclear engineering, a particle detector, also known as a radiation detector, is a device used to detect, track, and/or identify ionizing particles, such as those produced by nuclear decay, cosmic radiation, or reactions in a particle accelerator.

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Particle physics

Particle physics (also high energy physics) is the branch of physics that studies the nature of the particles that constitute matter and radiation.

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Physicist

A physicist is a scientist who has specialized knowledge in the field of physics, which encompasses the interactions of matter and energy at all length and time scales in the physical universe.

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Picosecond

A picosecond is an SI unit of time equal to 10−12 or 1/1,000,000,000,000 (one trillionth) of a second.

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Proton

| magnetic_moment.

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Pulse

In medicine, a pulse represents the tactile arterial palpation of the heartbeat by trained fingertips.

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Quark

A quark is a type of elementary particle and a fundamental constituent of matter.

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SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, originally named Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, is a United States Department of Energy National Laboratory operated by Stanford University under the programmatic direction of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science and located in Menlo Park, California.

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Southeastern Universities Research Association

The Southeastern Universities Research Association (SURA) is a consortium of 63 universities in the United States and 1 in Canada.

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Spectrometer

A spectrometer is a scientific instrument used to separate and measure spectral components of a physical phenomenon.

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Stanford University

Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University, colloquially the Farm) is a private research university in Stanford, California.

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Subatomic particle

In the physical sciences, subatomic particles are particles much smaller than atoms.

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Superconducting radio frequency

Superconducting radio frequency (SRF) science and technology involves the application of electrical superconductors to radio frequency devices.

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United States Department of Energy national laboratories

The United States Department of Energy National Laboratories and Technology Centers are a system of facilities and laboratories overseen by the United States Department of Energy (DOE) for the purpose of advancing science and technology to fulfill the DOE mission.

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Watt

The watt (symbol: W) is a unit of power.

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Redirects here:

CEBAF, CEBAF On-line Data Acquisition, Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility, Hall C, J-lab, Jefferson Lab, Jefferson Labs, Jlab, Jlab.org, TJNAF, Thomas Jefferson USA National Accelerator Facility.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Jefferson_National_Accelerator_Facility

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