42 relations: Antiviral drug, Bromodeoxyuridine, Cell synchronization, Celsius, Click chemistry, Crystal, Deoxyadenosine, Deoxyribose, DNA, Edoxudine, Epitope, Herring, HIV, Idoxuridine, Lymphocyte, Lymphoproliferative disorders, Management of HIV/AIDS, Melting point, Molecular mass, Nucleoside, Powder, Pyrimidine, Radioactive tracer, Reverse-transcriptase inhibitor, Ribose, Scintillation counter, Solid, Standard conditions for temperature and pressure, Sugar, T arm, Teratology, Thymidine diphosphate, Thymidine monophosphate, Thymidine triphosphate, Thymine, Transfer RNA, Tritium, Unified atomic mass unit, Uracil, Uridine, Zidovudine, 5-Ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine.
Antiviral drugs are a class of medication used specifically for treating viral infections rather than bacterial ones.
Bromodeoxyuridine (5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine, BrdU, BUdR, BrdUrd, broxuridine) is a synthetic nucleoside that is an analog of thymidine.
Cell Synchronization is a process by which cells at different stages of the cell cycle in a culture are brought to the same phase.
The Celsius scale, previously known as the centigrade scale, is a temperature scale used by the International System of Units (SI).
In chemical synthesis, "click" chemistry is a class of biocompatible small molecule reactions commonly used in bioconjugation, allowing the joining of substrates of choice with specific biomolecules.
A crystal or crystalline solid is a solid material whose constituents (such as atoms, molecules, or ions) are arranged in a highly ordered microscopic structure, forming a crystal lattice that extends in all directions.
Deoxyadenosine (symbol dA or dAdo) is a deoxyribonucleoside.
Deoxyribose, or more precisely 2-deoxyribose, is a monosaccharide with idealized formula H−(C.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
Edoxudine (or edoxudin) is an antiviral drug.
An epitope, also known as antigenic determinant, is the part of an antigen that is recognized by the immune system, specifically by antibodies, B cells, or T cells.
Herring are forage fish, mostly belonging to the family Clupeidae.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Idoxuridine is an anti-herpesvirus antiviral drug.
A lymphocyte is one of the subtypes of white blood cell in a vertebrate's immune system.
Lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs) refer to several conditions in which lymphocytes are produced in excessive quantities.
The management of HIV/AIDS normally includes the use of multiple antiretroviral drugs in an attempt to control HIV infection.
The melting point (or, rarely, liquefaction point) of a substance is the temperature at which it changes state from solid to liquid at atmospheric pressure.
Relative Molecular mass or molecular weight is the mass of a molecule.
Nucleosides are glycosylamines that can be thought of as nucleotides without a phosphate group.
A powder is a dry, bulk solid composed of a large number of very fine particles that may flow freely when shaken or tilted.
Pyrimidine is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound similar to pyridine.
A radioactive tracer, or radioactive label, is a chemical compound in which one or more atoms have been replaced by a radionuclide so by virtue of its radioactive decay it can be used to explore the mechanism of chemical reactions by tracing the path that the radioisotope follows from reactants to products.
Reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (RTIs) are a class of antiretroviral drugs used to treat HIV infection or AIDS, and in some cases hepatitis B. RTIs inhibit activity of reverse transcriptase, a viral DNA polymerase that is required for replication of HIV and other retroviruses.
Ribose is a carbohydrate with the formula C5H10O5; specifically, it is a pentose monosaccharide (simple sugar) with linear form H−(C.
A scintillation counter is an instrument for detecting and measuring ionizing radiation by using the excitation effect of incident radiation on a scintillator material, and detecting the resultant light pulses.
Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being liquid, gas, and plasma).
Standard conditions for temperature and pressure are standard sets of conditions for experimental measurements to be established to allow comparisons to be made between different sets of data.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
The T-arm or T-loop is a specialized region on the tRNA molecule which acts as a special recognition site for the ribosome to form a tRNA-ribosome complex during protein biosynthesis or translation (biology).
Teratology is the study of abnormalities of physiological development.
Thymidine diphosphate (TDP) or deoxythymidine diphosphate (dTDP) (also thymidine pyrophosphate, dTPP) is a nucleotide diphosphate.
Thymidine monophosphate (TMP), also known as thymidylic acid (conjugate base thymidylate), deoxythymidine monophosphate (dTMP), or deoxythymidylic acid (conjugate base deoxythymidylate), is a nucleotide that is used as a monomer in DNA.
Deoxythymidine triphosphate (dTTP) is one of the four nucleoside triphosphates that are used in the in vivo synthesis of DNA.
---> Thymine (T, Thy) is one of the four nucleobases in the nucleic acid of DNA that are represented by the letters G–C–A–T.
A transfer RNA (abbreviated tRNA and formerly referred to as sRNA, for soluble RNA) is an adaptor molecule composed of RNA, typically 76 to 90 nucleotides in length, that serves as the physical link between the mRNA and the amino acid sequence of proteins.
Tritium (or; symbol or, also known as hydrogen-3) is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen.
The unified atomic mass unit or dalton (symbol: u, or Da) is a standard unit of mass that quantifies mass on an atomic or molecular scale (atomic mass).
Uracil (U) is one of the four nucleobases in the nucleic acid of RNA that are represented by the letters A, G, C and U. The others are adenine (A), cytosine (C), and guanine (G).
Uridine is a glycosylated pyrimidine-analog containing uracil attached to a ribose ring (or more specifically, a ribofuranose) via a β-N1-glycosidic bond.
Zidovudine (ZDV), also known as azidothymidine (AZT), is an antiretroviral medication used to prevent and treat HIV/AIDS.
5-Ethynyl-2´-deoxyuridine (EdU) is a thymidine analogue which is incorporated into the DNA of dividing cells.