132 relations: Alexander Alekhine, Alexander Beliavsky, Anatoly Karpov, Anne Sunnucks, Armenian Chess Championship, Armenians, Aron Nimzowitsch, Bath, Somerset, Bobby Fischer, Boris Spassky, Candidates Tournament, Caro–Kann Defence, Centipede, Chess annotation symbols, Chess endgame, Chess in Armenia, Chess Olympiad, Chess opening, Chess prodigy, Chess strategy, Chess title, Chessgames.com, Combination (chess), Crocodile, Curaçao, David Bronstein, Davtashen District, Draw (chess), Eel, Efim Bogoljubov, Efim Geller, English Opening, Everyman Chess, FIDE, FIDE titles, French Defence, Garry Kasparov, Georgia (country), Georgian Chess Championship, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, Glossary of chess, Grandmaster (chess), Grünfeld Defence, Hamburg, Harold C. Schonberg, Hearing aid, Hearing loss, Interzonal, J. B. Lippincott & Co., José Raúl Capablanca, ..., Kapfenberg, King's Indian Defence, Lajos Portisch, Laurel wreath, Leonid Stein, Lev Polugaevsky, Levon Aronian, Lone Pine International, Mark Taimanov, Match fixing, Metaphor, Mikhail Botvinnik, Mikhail Tal, Miroslav Filip, Moscow, Moscow Armenian Cemetery, Mount Ararat, My Great Predecessors, My System, Oberhausen, Pal Benko, Paul Keres, Pavilion Books, Pawn structure, Pioneers Palace, Plovdiv, Prophylaxis (chess), Python (genus), Queen's Indian Defense, Rationing, Rio de Janeiro, Robert Hübner, Rook (chess), Rudolf Spielmann, Salo Flohr, Samuel Reshevsky, Seville, Sicilian Defence, Najdorf Variation, Simultaneous exhibition, Skara, Skiing, Soviet Union, Sports Illustrated, Stockholm, Stomach cancer, Svetozar Gligorić, Tallinn, Tbilisi, The Independent, The Register-Guard, The Wall Street Journal, Threefold repetition, Tiger, Tigran Petrosian Chess House, Tilburg, Time (magazine), Unified Sports Classification System of the USSR and Russia, USSR Chess Championship, Vasily Panov, Vasily Smyslov, Vienna, Viktor Korchnoi, Vladimir Kramnik, Warne Marsh, World Chess Championship, World Chess Championship 1951, World Chess Championship 1963, Yasser Seirawan, Yerevan, Yerevan State University, Zurich 1953 chess tournament, 13th Chess Olympiad, 14th Chess Olympiad, 15th Chess Olympiad, 16th Chess Olympiad, 17th Chess Olympiad, 18th Chess Olympiad, 19th Chess Olympiad, 20th Chess Olympiad, 21st Chess Olympiad, 23rd Chess Olympiad, 64 (magazine). Expand index (82 more) » « Shrink index
Alexander Alekhine (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Але́хин, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Alekhin;; March 24, 1946) was a Russian and French chess player and the fourth World Chess Champion.
Alexander Genrikhovich Beliavsky (also Romanized Belyavsky; born December 17, 1953) is a Soviet, Ukrainian and Slovenian chess grandmaster.
Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov (Анато́лий Евге́ньевич Ка́рпов; born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion.
Patricia Anne Sunnucks (born 21 February 1927) is an author and the several-time British Women's Chess Champion (1957, 1958, 1964).
This is a list of all the winners of the Armenian Chess Championship.
Armenians (հայեր, hayer) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands.
Aron Nimzowitsch (Ārons Nimcovičs, Аро́н Иса́евич Нимцо́вич, Aron Isayevich Nimtsovich; born Aron Niemzowitsch; 7 November 1886 – 16 March 1935) was a Russian-born, Danish leading chess grandmaster and influential chess writer.
Bath is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Somerset, England, known for its Roman-built baths.
Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.
Boris Vasilievich Spassky (Бори́с Васи́льевич Спа́сский; born January 30, 1937) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
The Candidates Tournament is a chess tournament organized by FIDE, chess' international governing body, since 1950, as the final contest to determine the challenger for the World Chess Championship.
The Caro–Kann Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Caro–Kann is a common defence against the King's Pawn Opening and is classified as a "Semi-Open Game" like the Sicilian Defence and French Defence, although it is thought to be more solid and less dynamic than either of those openings.
Centipedes (from Latin prefix centi-, "hundred", and pes, pedis, "foot") are arthropods belonging to the class Chilopoda of the subphylum Myriapoda, an arthropod group which also includes Millipedes and other multi-legged creatures.
When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols.
In chess and chess-like games, the endgame (or end game or ending) is the stage of the game when few pieces are left on the board.
Chess has been played in Armenia since the early Middle Ages; however, it was institutionalized during the early Soviet period.
The Chess Olympiad is a biennial chess tournament in which teams from all over the world compete.
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.
Chess prodigies are children who can beat experienced adult players and even Masters at chess.
Chess strategy is the aspect of chess playing concerned with evaluation of chess positions and setting of goals and long-term plans for future play.
A chess title is a title created by a chess governing body and bestowed upon players based on their performance and rank.
Chessgames.com is an Internet chess community with over 224,000 members.
In chess, a combination is a sequence of moves, often initiated by a sacrifice, which leaves the opponent few options and results in tangible gain.
Crocodiles (subfamily Crocodylinae) or true crocodiles are large aquatic reptiles that live throughout the tropics in Africa, Asia, the Americas and Australia.
Curaçao (Curaçao,; Kòrsou) is a Lesser Antilles island in the southern Caribbean Sea and the Dutch Caribbean region, about north of the Venezuelan coast.
David Ionovich Bronstein (Дави́д Ио́нович Бронште́йн; February 19, 1924 – December 5, 2006) was a Soviet chess grandmaster, who narrowly missed becoming World Chess Champion in 1951.
Davtashen (translit), also known as Davitashen or Davidashen, is one of the 12 districts of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
In chess, a draw is the result of a game ending in a tie.
An eel is any ray-finned fish belonging to the order Anguilliformes, which consists of four suborders, 20 families, 111 genera and about 800 species.
Efim Dmitriyevich Bogolyubov (also Romanized Bogoljubov, Bogoljubow; April 14, 1889 – June 18, 1952) was a Russian-born German chess grandmaster who won numerous events and played two matches against Alexander Alekhine for the world championship.
Efim Petrovich Geller (Ефим Петрович Геллер, Юхим Петрович Геллер; 8 March 1925 – 17 November 1998) was a Soviet chess player and world-class grandmaster at his peak.
The English Opening is a chess opening that begins with the move: A flank opening, it is the fourth most popular and, according to various databases, anywhere from one of the two most successful to the fourth most successful of White's twenty possible first moves.
Everyman Chess, formerly known as Cadogan Chess, is a major publisher of books and CDs about chess.
The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation is an international organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world and acts as the governing body of international chess competition.
The World Chess Federation, FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Échecs), awards several performance-based titles to chess players, up to and including the highly prized Grandmaster title.
The French Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: This is most commonly followed by 2.d4 d5, with Black intending...c5 at a later stage, attacking White's and gaining on the.
Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.
Georgia (tr) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia.
Following are the official winners of the national Georgian Chess Championships from 1928 to date.
Georgia, formally the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic (Georgian SSR; tr; Gruzinskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika), was one of the republics of the Soviet Union from its inception in 1922 to its breakup in 1991.
This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.
The title Grandmaster (GM) is awarded to chess players by the world chess organization FIDE.
The Grünfeld Defence (ECO codes D70–D99) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black offers White the possibility of cxd5, when after Nxd5 White further gets the opportunity to kick the Black Knight around with e4, leading to an imposing central pawn duo for White.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Harold Charles Schonberg (November 29, 1915 – July 26, 2003) was an American music critic and journalist, most notably for The New York Times.
A hearing aid is a device designed to improve hearing by making sound audible to a person with hearing loss.
Hearing loss, also known as hearing impairment, is a partial or total inability to hear.
Interzonal chess tournaments were tournaments organized by the World Chess Federation FIDE from the 1950s to the 1990s.
José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera (19 November 1888 – 8 March 1942) was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927.
Kapfenberg, with around inhabitants, is the third largest city in Styria, Austria, near Bruck an der Mur.
The King's Indian Defence is a common chess opening.
Lajos Portisch (born 4 April 1937) is a Hungarian chess Grandmaster, whose positional style earned him the nickname, the "Hungarian Botvinnik".
A laurel wreath is a symbol of victory and honor.
Leonid Zakharovich Stein (Леонид Захарович Штейн; November 12, 1934 – July 4, 1973) was a Soviet chess Grandmaster from Ukraine.
Lev Abramovich Polugaevsky (Лев Абрамович Полугаевский; 20 November 1934 – 30 August 1995) was an International Grandmaster of chess and frequent contender for the World Championship, although he never achieved that title.
Levon Grigori Aronian (Լևոն Գրիգորի Արոնյան Levon Grigori Aronyan; born 6 October 1982) is an Armenian chess Grandmaster.
Lone Pine International was a series of chess tournaments held annually in March or April from 1971 through 1981 in Lone Pine, California.
Mark Evgenievich Taimanov (Марк Евгеньевич Тайманов; 7 February 1926 – 28 November 2016) was one of the leading Soviet and Russian chess players, among the world's top 20 players from 1946 to 1971.
In organized sports, match fixing occurs as a match is played to a completely or partially pre-determined result, violating the rules of the game and often the law.
A metaphor is a figure of speech that directly refers to one thing by mentioning another for rhetorical effect.
Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik (Михаи́л Моисе́евич Ботви́нник,; – May 5, 1995) was a Soviet and Russian International Grandmaster and World Chess Champion for most of 1948 to 1963.
Mikhail Nekhemyevich Tal (Mihails Tāls; Михаил Нехемьевич Таль, Mikhail Nekhem'evich Tal,; sometimes transliterated Mihails Tals or Mihail Tal; 9 November 1936 – 28 June 1992) was a Soviet Latvian chess Grandmaster and the eighth World Chess Champion (from 1960 to 1961).
Miroslav Filip (27 October 1928 – 27 April 2009) was a Czech chess grandmaster.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
The Armenian Cemetery of Moscow (Մոսկվայի Հայկական Գերեզմանատուն, Армя́нское Вага́ньковское кла́дбище, Armyanskoe Vagan'kovskoe Kladbishche) is an Armenian historical cemetery in the city of Moscow, Russia, located in the Krasnaya Presnya (Красная Пресня) district, not far from Vagankovo Cemetery.
Mount Ararat (Ağrı Dağı; Մասիս, Masis and Արարատ, Ararat) is a snow-capped and dormant compound volcano in the extreme east of Turkey.
My Great Predecessors is a series of chess books written by former World Champion Garry Kasparov et al.
My System (Mein System) is a book on chess theory written by Aron Nimzowitsch.
Oberhausen is a city on the river Emscher in the Ruhr Area, Germany, located between Duisburg and Essen. The city hosts the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen and its Gasometer Oberhausen is an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage.
Pal Benko (Benkő Pál; born July 14, 1928) is a Hungarian–American chess grandmaster, author, and composer of endgame studies and chess problems.
Paul Keres (January 7, 1916June 5, 1975) was an Estonian chess grandmaster and chess writer.
Pavilion Books Holdings Ltd is an English publishing company based in London.
In chess, the pawn structure (sometimes known as the pawn skeleton) is the configuration of pawns on the chessboard.
Young Pioneer Palaces or Palaces of Young Pioneers and Schoolchildren were youth centers designated for the creative work, sport training and extracurricular activities of Young Pioneers and other schoolchildren.
Plovdiv (Пловдив) is the second-largest city in Bulgaria, with a city population of 341,000 and 675,000 in the greater metropolitan area.
In the game of chess, prophylaxis (Greek προφυλαξις, "prophylaxis," guarding or preventing beforehand) or a prophylactic move is a move that stops the opponent from taking action in a certain area for fear of some type of reprisal.
Python, from the Greek word (πύθων/πύθωνας), is a genus of nonvenomous Pythonidae found in Africa and Asia.
The Queen's Indian Defense (QID) is a chess opening defined by the moves: The opening is a solid defense to the Queen's Pawn Game.
Rationing is the controlled distribution of scarce resources, goods, or services, or an artificial restriction of demand.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
Robert Hübner (born November 6, 1948) is a German chess Grandmaster, chess writer, and papyrologist.
A rook (♖,♜) is a piece in the strategy board game of chess.
Rudolf Spielmann (5 May 1883 – 20 August 1942) was an Austrian-Jewish chess player of the romantic school, and chess writer.
Salomon Mikhailovich Flohr (November 21, 1908 – July 18, 1983) was a leading Czech chess grandmaster of the mid-20th century, who became a national hero in Czechoslovakia during the 1930s.
Samuel Herman Reshevsky (born Szmul Rzeszewski; November 26, 1911 – April 4, 1992) was a Polish chess prodigy and later a leading American chess grandmaster.
Seville (Sevilla) is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of Andalusia and the province of Seville, Spain.
The Najdorf Variation of the Sicilian Defence is one of the most respected and deeply studied of all chess openings.
A simultaneous exhibition or simultaneous display is a board game exhibition (commonly chess or Go) in which one player (typically of high rank, such as a grandmaster or dan-level player) plays multiple games at a time with a number of other players.
Skara is a locality and the seat of Skara Municipality, Västra Götaland County, Sweden with 18,580 inhabitants in 2013.
Skiing can be a means of transport, a recreational activity or a competitive winter sport in which the participant uses skis to glide on snow.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Sports Illustrated is an American sports magazine owned by Meredith Corporation.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is cancer developing from the lining of the stomach.
Svetozar Gligorić (Serbian Cyrillic: Светозар Глигорић, 2 February 1923 – 14 August 2012) was a Serbian and Yugoslav chess grandmaster.
Tallinn (or,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Estonia.
Tbilisi (თბილისი), in some countries also still named by its pre-1936 international designation Tiflis, is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Kura River with a population of approximately 1.5 million people.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Register-Guard is a daily newspaper in the western United States, published in Eugene, Oregon.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
In chess and some other abstract strategy games, the threefold repetition rule (also known as repetition of position) states that a player can claim a draw if the same position occurs three times, or will occur after their next move, with the same player to move.
The tiger (Panthera tigris) is the largest cat species, most recognizable for its pattern of dark vertical stripes on reddish-orange fur with a lighter underside.
Tigran Petrosian Chess House (Տիգրան Պետրոսյանի անվան Շախմատի Տուն), officially the Central House of Chess-player named after Tigran Petrosian (Տիգրան Պետրոսյանի անվան Շախմատիստի Կենտրոնական Տուն), is the centre of the sport of chess in Yerevan, Armenia.
Tilburg is a city in the Netherlands, in the southern province of North Brabant.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Unified Sports Classification System of the USSR (Единая Всесоюзная спортивная классификация) is a document which provided general Soviet physical education system requirements for both athletes and coaches.
The USSR Chess Championship was played from 1921 to 1991.
Vasily Nikolayevich Panov (Васи́лий Никола́евич Пано́в, November 1, 1906 – January 13, 1973) was a Soviet chess player, author, and journalist.
Vasily Vasilyevich Smyslov (Василий Васильевич Смыслов; 24 March 1921 – 27 March 2010) was a Soviet and Russian chess grandmaster, who was World Chess Champion from 1957 to 1958.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
Viktor Lvovich Korchnoi (p; 23 March 1931 – 6 June 2016) was a Soviet (until 1976) and Swiss (since 1994) chess grandmaster and writer.
Vladimir Borisovich Kramnik (Влади́мир Бори́сович Кра́мник; born 25 June 1975) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Warne Marion Marsh (October 26, 1927 – December 18, 1987) was an American tenor saxophonist.
The World Chess Championship (sometimes abbreviated as WCC) is played to determine the World Champion in chess.
The 1951 World Chess Championship was played between Mikhail Botvinnik and David Bronstein in Moscow from March 15 to May 11, 1951.
At the World Chess Championship 1963 Tigran Petrosian narrowly qualified to challenge Mikhail Botvinnik for the World Chess Championship, and then won the match to become the ninth World Chess Champion.
Yasser Seirawan (ياسر سيروان; born March 24, 1960) is an American chess grandmaster and four-time United States champion.
Yerevan (Երևան, sometimes spelled Erevan) is the capital and largest city of Armenia as well as one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities.
Yerevan State University (YSU; Երևանի Պետական Համալսարան, ԵՊՀ, Yerevani Petakan Hamalsaran), also simply University of Yerevan, is the oldest continuously operating public university in Armenia.
Zurich 1953 was a chess tournament won by Vasily Smyslov.
The 13th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between September 30 and October 23, 1958, in Munich, West Germany.
The 14th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between October 26 and November 9, 1960, in Leipzig, East Germany.
The 15th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between September 15 and October 10, 1962, in Varna, Bulgaria.
The 16th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between November 2 and November 25, 1964, in Tel Aviv, Israel.
The 17th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between October 23 and November 20, 1966, in Havana, Cuba.
The 18th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between October 17 and November 7, 1968, in Lugano, Switzerland.
The 19th Chess Olympiad, comprising an open team tournament as well as the annual FIDE congress, took place between September 5 and 27, 1970, in Siegen, West Germany.
The 20th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between September 18 and October 13, 1972, in Skopje, Yugoslavia (present-day Macedonia).
The 21st Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between June 6 and June 30, 1974, in Nice, France.
The 23rd Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between October 25 and November 12, 1978, in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
64 was a Russian chess magazine and draughts publication, published in Moscow.