Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 

Timeline of the history of Gibraltar

Index Timeline of the history of Gibraltar

The history of Gibraltar portrays how The Rock gained an importance and a reputation far exceeding its size, influencing and shaping the people who came to reside here over the centuries. [1]

320 relations: Abd al-Malik Abd al-Wahid, Abd al-Mu'min, Abel Matutes, Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Othman, Adolf Hitler, Adolfo Canepa, Albert Risso, Alfonso XI of Castile, Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba, Algeciras, Alhambra Decree, Allies of World War II, Almería, Almohad Caliphate, Alonso Pérez de Guzmán, American Revolutionary War, Ancient Rome, Andalusia, Anglicanism, Anglo-Spanish War (1727–1729), Anne, Queen of Great Britain, Apostolic vicariate, Archimede-class submarine, Argentina, Armistice of 22 June 1940, Association for the Advancement of Civil Rights, Attack on Mers-el-Kébir, Austria, Autonomous communities of Spain, Barbary Coast, Barbary pirates, Barcelona, Basque Country (autonomous community), Battle of Gibraltar (1607), Battle of Gibraltar (1621), Battle of Málaga (1704), Battle of Trafalgar, Bay of Gibraltar, Berbers, Bernard of Clairvaux, Bishop in Europe, Black Death, British Army, British Nationality Act 1981, British Overseas Territories, British Overseas Territories Act 2002, Byzantine Empire, Cartagena, Spain, Carthage, Castilian Civil War, ..., Castle, Catalans, Catalonia, Cathedral of St. Mary the Crowned, Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, Gibraltar, Catholic Monarchs, Cádiz, Córdoba, Spain, Charles V Wall, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, Chief Minister of Gibraltar, Church of England, Civil Guard (Spain), Clive Finlayson, Coat of arms of Gibraltar, Collegiate church, Condominium (international law), Condor Legion, Cordoba Agreement, 2006, Crown colony, Crown of Aragon, Customs union, Devil's Tower Cave, Diego de Salinas, Diocese in Europe, Disputed status of Gibraltar, Doves (Gibraltar), Driver's license, Duke of Medina Sidonia, Dutch East India Company, Dutch Republic, Edward Heath, Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich, Eighty Years' War, Elizabeth II, Emirate of Granada, Episcopal see, Estepona, Europa Point, European early modern humans, European Economic Community, European Union, Explosion of the RFA Bedenham, Fabian Picardo, Falkland Islands, Fall of the Western Roman Empire, Faro, Portugal, Felipe González, Ferdinand II of Aragon, Ferdinand IV of Castile, Fernando María Castiella y Maíz, Forbes' Quarry, Force H, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Francisco Castillo Fajardo, Marquis of Villadarias, Francisco Franco, Francisco Javier Castaños, 1st Duke of Bailén, Francoist Spain, Freedom of the City, French protectorate in Morocco, Fuel oil, Galley, General strike, Genoa, George Augustus Eliott, 1st Baron Heathfield, George I of Great Britain, George Rooke, George Tomlinson (bishop), Gerald Kaufman, German cruiser Deutschland, Gibraltar, Gibraltar Chronicle, Gibraltar Constitution Order 1969, Gibraltar Constitution Order 2006, Gibraltar general election, 2007, Gibraltar general election, 2011, Gibraltar International Airport, Gibraltar Museum, Gibraltar Parliament, Gibraltar Social Democrats, Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party, Gibraltar sovereignty referendum, 1967, Gibraltar sovereignty referendum, 2002, Gibraltarians, Giovanni Battista Calvi, Goatherd, Gorham's Cave, Goths, Government of Gibraltar, Granada, Great Siege of Gibraltar, Great Siege Tunnels, Grenadier, Guard mounting, Guernica, Hattersley Memorandum, Hayreddin Barbarossa, Henry II of Castile, Henry IV of Castile, History of Gibraltar, History of nationality in Gibraltar, History of Spain, History of the United Kingdom, HMS Anson (1886), HMS Arethusa (26), HMS Hunter (H35), HMS Tireless (S88), HMS Victory, Holy Roman Empire, Hominidae, Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, House of Habsburg, Humphrey Bland, Iberia (airline), Iberian Peninsula, Ibiza, Ibn Hud, Identity document, Instituto Cervantes, Integration with Britain Party, Isabella I of Castile, Jack Straw, Jamaica, Jebel Musa (Morocco), Jim Murphy, Joe Bossano, Johannesburg, John Campbell (author), John Leake, John Shrimpton, Joshua Hassan, Juan Mateos, Judiciary of Gibraltar, Kaiane Aldorino, Kingdom of Fez, Kingdom of Great Britain, La Línea de la Concepción, Latin Catholic Diocese of Gibraltar, Letters patent, Liberal Party of Gibraltar, Lionel Crabb, Lisbon Agreement (1980), List of country calling codes, List of Marshals of France, Los Barrios, Madeira, Malta, Marbella, Marcelino Oreja, 1st Marquis of Oreja, Marinid dynasty, Marquis of Verboom, Marquisate of Gibraltar, Mary, mother of Jesus, Mayor of Gibraltar, Málaga, Mediterranean Sea, Melilla, Menorca, Military air base, Miss World, Monte Hacho, Moorish Castle, Moors, Morisco, Morocco, Mousterian, Muhammad I of Granada, Muhammad II of Granada, Muhammed V of Granada, MV Fedra, Nasrid dynasty, Neandertal (valley), Neanderthal, Neanderthals in Gibraltar, Netherlands, Netherlands Marine Corps, Non-belligerent, Old Style and New Style dates, Oliver Cromwell, Operation Flavius, Operation Torch, Order of the Bath, Patron saint, Peninsular War, People's Party (Spain), Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington, Peter Caruana, Peter Gretton, Peter Isola, Peter of Castile, Philip I of Castile, Philip III of Spain, Philip V of Spain, Phoenicia, Pillars of Hercules, Plato, Pope Pius II, Portland stone, Portugal, Prince George of Hesse-Darmstadt, Provisional Irish Republican Army, Qaid, Race track, Reconquista, Referendum, René de Froulay de Tessé, Robert Peliza, Rock of Gibraltar, Roger Elliott, Roy Hattersley, Royal Air Force, Royal Gibraltar Police, Royal Gibraltar Regiment, Royal Marines, Royal Mint, Royal Navy, Saint Roch, San Roque, Cádiz, Second Spanish Republic, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, Self-determination, Self-governance, Semtex, Siege of Algeciras (1309–10), Siege of Algeciras (1342–44), Siege of Algeciras (1369), Simón Susarte, Sir William Green, 1st Baronet, Sky News, Spaniards, Spanish Civil War, Spanish destroyer José Luis Díez, Spanish Netherlands, Spanish Socialist Workers' Party, Special Air Service, St Bernard's Hospital, Suez Canal, Taifa, Tangier, Tarifa, Tariq ibn Ziyad, Telecom dispute between Gibraltar and Spain, Telephone numbers in Gibraltar, Territorial integrity, The Convent (Gibraltar), Thirteenth Siege of Gibraltar, Thomas Stanwix, Tito Benady, Toledo, Spain, Tory, Trafalgar Cemetery, Transport and General Workers' Union, Treaty of Paris (1783), Treaty of Paris (1814), Treaty of Seville (1729), Treaty of The Hague (1701), Treaty of Utrecht, Typhus, Umayyad Caliphate, United Nations General Assembly, United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories, Vandals, Vienna, Visigoths, War of the Spanish Succession, Warrant (law), Wehrmacht, William Jackson (British Army officer). Expand index (270 more) »

Abd al-Malik Abd al-Wahid

Abd al-Malik Abd al-Wahid (died 1339) (also known as Abomelique or Abu Malik) was a son of the Marinid sultan of Morocco, Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Othman.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Abd al-Malik Abd al-Wahid · See more »

Abd al-Mu'min

`Abd al Mu'min (c. 1094–1163) (عبد المؤمن بن علي or عبد المومن الــكـومي; full name: Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd al-Muʾmin ibn ʿAlī ibn ʿAlwī ibn Yaʿlā al-Kūmī) was a prominent member of the Almohad movement.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Abd al-Mu'min · See more »

Abel Matutes

Abel Matutes y Juan (born 31 October 1941) is a Spanish politician who served as Spain's Minister of Foreign Affairs from 6 May 1996 to 2000.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Abel Matutes · See more »

Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Othman

Abu Al-Hasan 'Ali ibn 'Othman (c. 1297 – May 24, 1351) was a sultan of the Marinid dynasty who reigned in Morocco between 1331 and 1348.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Othman · See more »

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Adolf Hitler · See more »

Adolfo Canepa

Adolfo John Canepa, CMG OBE, GMH (17 December 1940) is a Gibraltarian politician.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Adolfo Canepa · See more »

Albert Risso

Albert J. Risso, GMH was a Gibraltarian trade unionist and politician.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Albert Risso · See more »

Alfonso XI of Castile

Alfonso XI of Castile (13 August 131126/27 March 1350), called the Avenger (el Justiciero), was the king of Castile, León and Galicia.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Alfonso XI of Castile · See more »

Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba

Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba (born 28 July 1951) is a Spanish politician who was General Secretary of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) from 2012 to 2014.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba · See more »

Algeciras

Algeciras (translit) is a port city in the south of Spain, and is the largest city on the Bay of Gibraltar (in Spanish, the Bahía de Algeciras).

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Algeciras · See more »

Alhambra Decree

The Alhambra Decree (also known as the Edict of Expulsion; Spanish: Decreto de la Alhambra, Edicto de Granada) was an edict issued on 31 March 1492, by the joint Catholic Monarchs of Spain (Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon) ordering the expulsion of practicing Jews from the Kingdoms of Castile and Aragon and its territories and possessions by 31 July of that year.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Alhambra Decree · See more »

Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Allies of World War II · See more »

Almería

Almería is a city in Andalusia, Spain, located in the southeast of Spain on the Mediterranean Sea, and is the capital of the province of the same name.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Almería · See more »

Almohad Caliphate

The Almohad Caliphate (British English:, U.S. English:; ⵉⵎⵡⴻⵃⵃⴷⴻⵏ (Imweḥḥden), from Arabic الموحدون, "the monotheists" or "the unifiers") was a Moroccan Berber Muslim movement and empire founded in the 12th century.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Almohad Caliphate · See more »

Alonso Pérez de Guzmán

Alonso Pérez de Guzmán (1256–1309), known as Guzmán el Bueno ("Guzmán the Good"), was a Spanish nobleman and hero of Spain during the medieval period, the founder of the line from which the dukes of Medina Sidonia descend.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Alonso Pérez de Guzmán · See more »

American Revolutionary War

The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and American Revolutionary War · See more »

Ancient Rome

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Ancient Rome · See more »

Andalusia

Andalusia (Andalucía) is an autonomous community in southern Spain.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Andalusia · See more »

Anglicanism

Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Anglicanism · See more »

Anglo-Spanish War (1727–1729)

The Anglo-Spanish War of 1727–1729 was a limited war that took place between Great Britain and Spain during the late 1720s, and consisted of a failed British attempt to blockade Porto Bello and a failed Spanish attempt to capture Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Anglo-Spanish War (1727–1729) · See more »

Anne, Queen of Great Britain

Anne (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714) was the Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland between 8 March 1702 and 1 May 1707.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Anne, Queen of Great Britain · See more »

Apostolic vicariate

An apostolic vicariate is a form of territorial jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Church centered in missionary regions and countries where a diocese has not yet been established.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Apostolic vicariate · See more »

Archimede-class submarine

The Archimede class were a group of submarines built for the Italian Navy in the early 1930s.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Archimede-class submarine · See more »

Argentina

Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Argentina · See more »

Armistice of 22 June 1940

The Armistice of 22 June 1940 was signed at 18:36.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Armistice of 22 June 1940 · See more »

Association for the Advancement of Civil Rights

The Association for the Advancement of Civil Rights (AACR) was a political party in Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Association for the Advancement of Civil Rights · See more »

Attack on Mers-el-Kébir

The Attack on Mers-el-Kébir (3 July 1940) also known as the Battle of Mers-el-Kébir, was part of Operation Catapult.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Attack on Mers-el-Kébir · See more »

Austria

Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Austria · See more »

Autonomous communities of Spain

In Spain, an autonomous community (comunidad autónoma, autonomia erkidegoa, comunitat autònoma, comunidade autónoma, comunautat autonòma) is a first-level political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978, with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up Spain.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Autonomous communities of Spain · See more »

Barbary Coast

The Barbary Coast, or Berber Coast, was the term used by Europeans from the 16th until the early 19th century to refer to much of the collective land of the Berber people.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Barbary Coast · See more »

Barbary pirates

The Barbary pirates, sometimes called Barbary corsairs or Ottoman corsairs, were Ottoman pirates and privateers who operated from North Africa, based primarily in the ports of Salé, Rabat, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Barbary pirates · See more »

Barcelona

Barcelona is a city in Spain.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Barcelona · See more »

Basque Country (autonomous community)

The Basque Country (Euskadi; País Vasco; Pays Basque), officially the Basque Autonomous Community (Euskal Autonomia Erkidegoa, EAE; Comunidad Autónoma Vasca, CAV) is an autonomous community in northern Spain.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Basque Country (autonomous community) · See more »

Battle of Gibraltar (1607)

The naval Battle of Gibraltar took place on 25 April 1607 during the Eighty Years' War when a Dutch fleet surprised and engaged a Spanish fleet anchored at the Bay of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Battle of Gibraltar (1607) · See more »

Battle of Gibraltar (1621)

The Battle of Gibraltar (Spanish: Combate naval de Gibraltar, Dutch: Zeeslag bij Gibraltar 1621) took place on 10 August 1621 during the Eighty Years' War.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Battle of Gibraltar (1621) · See more »

Battle of Málaga (1704)

The Battle of Málaga (or Vélez-Málaga) was the largest naval battle in the War of the Spanish Succession.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Battle of Málaga (1704) · See more »

Battle of Trafalgar

The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a naval engagement fought by the British Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navies, during the War of the Third Coalition (August–December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1796–1815).

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Battle of Trafalgar · See more »

Bay of Gibraltar

The Bay of Gibraltar (also known as Gibraltar Bay or Bay of Algeciras) is a bay at the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Bay of Gibraltar · See more »

Berbers

Berbers or Amazighs (Berber: Imaziɣen, ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗⴻⵏ; singular: Amaziɣ, ⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗ) are an ethnic group indigenous to North Africa, primarily inhabiting Algeria, northern Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, northern Niger, Tunisia, Libya, and a part of western Egypt.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Berbers · See more »

Bernard of Clairvaux

Bernard of Clairvaux, O.Cist (Bernardus Claraevallensis; 109020 August 1153) was a French abbot and a major leader in the reform of Benedictine monasticism that caused the formation of the Cistercian order.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Bernard of Clairvaux · See more »

Bishop in Europe

The Bishop in Europe (full title: Bishop of Gibraltar in Europe) is the ordinary of the Church of England's Diocese in Europe in the Province of Canterbury.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Bishop in Europe · See more »

Black Death

The Black Death, also known as the Great Plague, the Black Plague, or simply the Plague, was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Black Death · See more »

British Army

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and British Army · See more »

British Nationality Act 1981

The British Nationality Act 1981 (c.61) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom concerning British nationality since 1 January 1983.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and British Nationality Act 1981 · See more »

British Overseas Territories

The British Overseas Territories (BOT) or United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs) are 14 territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and British Overseas Territories · See more »

British Overseas Territories Act 2002

The British Overseas Territories Act 2002 (c.8) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which superseded parts of the British Nationality Act 1981.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and British Overseas Territories Act 2002 · See more »

Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Byzantine Empire · See more »

Cartagena, Spain

Cartagena (Carthago Nova) is a Spanish city and a major naval station located in the Region of Murcia, by the Mediterranean coast, south-eastern Spain.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Cartagena, Spain · See more »

Carthage

Carthage (from Carthago; Punic:, Qart-ḥadašt, "New City") was the center or capital city of the ancient Carthaginian civilization, on the eastern side of the Lake of Tunis in what is now the Tunis Governorate in Tunisia.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Carthage · See more »

Castilian Civil War

The Castilian Civil War was a war of succession over the Kingdom of Castile that lasted from 1351 to 1369.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Castilian Civil War · See more »

Castle

A castle (from castellum) is a type of fortified structure built during the Middle Ages by predominantly the nobility or royalty and by military orders.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Castle · See more »

Catalans

The Catalans (Catalan, French and Occitan: catalans; catalanes, Italian: catalani) are a Pyrenean/Latin European ethnic group formed by the people from, or with origins in, Catalonia (Spain), in the northeast of the Iberian Peninsula.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Catalans · See more »

Catalonia

Catalonia (Catalunya, Catalonha, Cataluña) is an autonomous community in Spain on the northeastern extremity of the Iberian Peninsula, designated as a nationality by its Statute of Autonomy.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Catalonia · See more »

Cathedral of St. Mary the Crowned

The Cathedral of Saint Mary the Crowned is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Cathedral of St. Mary the Crowned · See more »

Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, Gibraltar

The Cathedral of the Holy Trinity is the cathedral for the Church of England Diocese of Gibraltar in Europe.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, Gibraltar · See more »

Catholic Monarchs

The Catholic Monarchs is the joint title used in history for Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Catholic Monarchs · See more »

Cádiz

Cádiz (see other pronunciations below) is a city and port in southwestern Spain.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Cádiz · See more »

Córdoba, Spain

Córdoba, also called Cordoba or Cordova in English, is a city in Andalusia, southern Spain, and the capital of the province of Córdoba.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Córdoba, Spain · See more »

Charles V Wall

The Charles V Wall is a 16th-century defensive curtain wall that forms part of the fortifications of the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Charles V Wall · See more »

Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor

Charles V (Carlos; Karl; Carlo; Karel; Carolus; 24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of both the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and the Spanish Empire (as Charles I of Spain) from 1516, as well as of the lands of the former Duchy of Burgundy from 1506.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor · See more »

Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor

Charles VI (1 October 1685 – 20 October 1740; Karl VI.) succeeded his elder brother, Joseph I, as Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia (as Charles II), King of Hungary and Croatia, Serbia and Archduke of Austria (as Charles III) in 1711.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor · See more »

Chief Minister of Gibraltar

The Chief Minister of Gibraltar is the head of Her Majesty's Government of Gibraltar who is elected by the Gibraltar Parliament, and formally appointed by the Governor of Gibraltar, representative of the British Monarch.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Chief Minister of Gibraltar · See more »

Church of England

The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Church of England · See more »

Civil Guard (Spain)

The Civil Guard (Guardia Civil) is the oldest law enforcement agency in Spain.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Civil Guard (Spain) · See more »

Clive Finlayson

Prof. Clive Finlayson MBE FLS (born 15 January 1955) is a Gibraltarian zoologist, paleoanthropologist and paleontologist.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Clive Finlayson · See more »

Coat of arms of Gibraltar

The coat of arms of Gibraltar was first granted by a Royal Warrant passed in Toledo on 10 July 1502 by Isabella I of Castile during Gibraltar's Spanish period.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Coat of arms of Gibraltar · See more »

Collegiate church

In Christianity, a collegiate church is a church where the daily office of worship is maintained by a college of canons; a non-monastic or "secular" community of clergy, organised as a self-governing corporate body, which may be presided over by a dean or provost.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Collegiate church · See more »

Condominium (international law)

In international law, a condominium (plural either condominia, as in Latin, or condominiums) is a political territory (state or border area) in or over which multiple sovereign powers formally agree to share equal dominium (in the sense of sovereignty) and exercise their rights jointly, without dividing it into "national" zones.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Condominium (international law) · See more »

Condor Legion

The Condor Legion (Legion Condor) was a unit composed of military personnel from the air force and army of Nazi Germany, which served with the Nationalists during the Spanish Civil War of July 1936 to March 1939.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Condor Legion · See more »

Cordoba Agreement, 2006

The Córdoba Agreement was an agreement between the Governments of Spain, the United Kingdom and Gibraltar to establish a Tripartite forum for co-operation on Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Cordoba Agreement, 2006 · See more »

Crown colony

Crown colony, dependent territory and royal colony are terms used to describe the administration of United Kingdom overseas territories that are controlled by the British Government.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Crown colony · See more »

Crown of Aragon

The Crown of Aragon (Corona d'Aragón, Corona d'Aragó, Corona de Aragón),Corona d'AragónCorona AragonumCorona de Aragón) also referred by some modern historians as Catalanoaragonese Crown (Corona catalanoaragonesa) or Catalan-Aragonese Confederation (Confederació catalanoaragonesa) was a composite monarchy, also nowadays referred to as a confederation of individual polities or kingdoms ruled by one king, with a personal and dynastic union of the Kingdom of Aragon and the County of Barcelona. At the height of its power in the 14th and 15th centuries, the Crown of Aragon was a thalassocracy (a state with primarily maritime realms) controlling a large portion of present-day eastern Spain, parts of what is now southern France, and a Mediterranean "empire" which included the Balearic Islands, Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta, Southern Italy (from 1442) and parts of Greece (until 1388). The component realms of the Crown were not united politically except at the level of the king, who ruled over each autonomous polity according to its own laws, raising funds under each tax structure, dealing separately with each Corts or Cortes. Put in contemporary terms, it has sometimes been considered that the different lands of the Crown of Aragon (mainly the Kingdom of Aragon, the Principality of Catalonia and the Kingdom of Valencia) functioned more as a confederation than as a single kingdom. In this sense, the larger Crown of Aragon must not be confused with one of its constituent parts, the Kingdom of Aragon, from which it takes its name. In 1469, a new dynastic familial union of the Crown of Aragon with the Crown of Castile by the Catholic Monarchs, joining what contemporaries referred to as "the Spains" led to what would become the Kingdom of Spain under King Philip II. The Crown existed until it was abolished by the Nueva Planta decrees issued by King Philip V in 1716 as a consequence of the defeat of Archduke Charles (as Charles III of Aragon) in the War of the Spanish Succession.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Crown of Aragon · See more »

Customs union

A customs union was defined by the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade as a type of trade bloc which is composed of a free trade area with a common external tariff.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Customs union · See more »

Devil's Tower Cave

Devil's Tower Cave is a cave in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Devil's Tower Cave · See more »

Diego de Salinas

Don Diego Esteban Gómez de Salinas y Rodríguez de Villarroel (Madrid, August 3, 1649 – November 27, 1720) was the last Spanish Governor of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Diego de Salinas · See more »

Diocese in Europe

The Diocese in Europe (short form for "The Diocese of Gibraltar in Europe") is geographically the largest diocese of the Church of England and the largest diocese in the Anglican Communion, covering some one-sixth of the Earth's landmass, including Morocco, Europe (excluding the British Isles), Turkey, Mongolia and the territory of the former Soviet Union.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Diocese in Europe · See more »

Disputed status of Gibraltar

Gibraltar, a British Overseas Territory, located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula, is the subject of an irredentist territorial claim by Spain.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Disputed status of Gibraltar · See more »

Doves (Gibraltar)

"The Doves" ("Los Palomos") was the pseudonym under which a group of six Gibraltarian lawyers and businessmen published a letter on 15 March 1968 in the Gibraltar Chronicle advocating a political settlement with Spain to solve the disputed status of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Doves (Gibraltar) · See more »

Driver's license

A driver's license is an official document permitting a specific individual to operate one or more types of motorized vehicles, such as a motorcycle, car, truck, or bus on a public road.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Driver's license · See more »

Duke of Medina Sidonia

The Duke of Medina Sidonia is a grandee of Spain in Medina-Sidonia, holding the oldest extant dukedom in the kingdom, first awarded by King John II of Castile in 1445.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Duke of Medina Sidonia · See more »

Dutch East India Company

The United East India Company, sometimes known as the United East Indies Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; or Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie in modern spelling; abbreviated to VOC), better known to the English-speaking world as the Dutch East India Company or sometimes as the Dutch East Indies Company, was a multinational corporation that was founded in 1602 from a government-backed consolidation of several rival Dutch trading companies.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Dutch East India Company · See more »

Dutch Republic

The Dutch Republic was a republic that existed from the formal creation of a confederacy in 1581 by several Dutch provinces (which earlier seceded from the Spanish rule) until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Dutch Republic · See more »

Edward Heath

Sir Edward Richard George Heath (9 July 1916 – 17 July 2005), often known as Ted Heath, was a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1970 to 1974 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1965 to 1975.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Edward Heath · See more »

Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich

Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich, KG, FRS (27 July 1625 – 28 May 1672) was an English landowner and Infantry officer who later became a naval officer and a politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1645 and 1660.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich · See more »

Eighty Years' War

The Eighty Years' War (Tachtigjarige Oorlog; Guerra de los Ochenta Años) or Dutch War of Independence (1568–1648) was a revolt of the Seventeen Provinces of what are today the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg against the political and religious hegemony of Philip II of Spain, the sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Eighty Years' War · See more »

Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Elizabeth II · See more »

Emirate of Granada

The Emirate of Granada (إمارة غرﻧﺎﻃﺔ, trans. Imarat Gharnāṭah), also known as the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada (Reino Nazarí de Granada), was an emirate established in 1230 by Muhammad ibn al-Ahmar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Emirate of Granada · See more »

Episcopal see

The seat or cathedra of the Bishop of Rome in the Basilica of San Giovanni in Laterano An episcopal see is, in the usual meaning of the phrase, the area of a bishop's ecclesiastical jurisdiction.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Episcopal see · See more »

Estepona

Estepona is a town and municipality in the comarca of the Costa del Sol, southern Spain.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Estepona · See more »

Europa Point

Europa Point (Spanish and Llanito: Punta de Europa or Punta Europa), is the southernmost point of Gibraltar (the Southeast most point of the Iberian Peninsula being Punta de Tarifa 25 km southwest of Gibraltar).

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Europa Point · See more »

European early modern humans

European early modern humans (EEMH) in the context of the Upper Paleolithic in Europe refers to the early presence of anatomically modern humans in Europe.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and European early modern humans · See more »

European Economic Community

The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration among its member states.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and European Economic Community · See more »

European Union

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and European Union · See more »

Explosion of the RFA Bedenham

The Naval Armament vessel formerly RFA Bedenham was a naval armament carrier that exploded while docked in Gibraltar on 27 April 1951, killing 13 people and causing a great deal of damage to the town.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Explosion of the RFA Bedenham · See more »

Fabian Picardo

Fabian Raymond Picardo QC (born 18 February 1972) is a Gibraltarian politician and barrister who is the current Chief Minister of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Fabian Picardo · See more »

Falkland Islands

The Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) is an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Falkland Islands · See more »

Fall of the Western Roman Empire

The Fall of the Western Roman Empire (also called Fall of the Roman Empire or Fall of Rome) was the process of decline in the Western Roman Empire in which it failed to enforce its rule, and its vast territory was divided into several successor polities.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Fall of the Western Roman Empire · See more »

Faro, Portugal

Faro is a municipality and bishopric, the southernmost city and seat of the district of the same name, in the Algarve region of southern Portugal.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Faro, Portugal · See more »

Felipe González

Felipe González Márquez (born 5 March 1942) is a Spanish lawyer, professor, and politician, who was the Secretary-General of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) from 1974 to 1997, and the 3rd Prime Minister of Spain since the restoration of democracy, from 1982 to 1996.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Felipe González · See more »

Ferdinand II of Aragon

Ferdinand II (Ferrando, Ferran, Errando, Fernando) (10 March 1452 – 23 January 1516), called the Catholic, was King of Sicily from 1468 and King of Aragon from 1479 until his death.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Ferdinand II of Aragon · See more »

Ferdinand IV of Castile

Ferdinand IV of Castile (6 December 1285 – 7 September 1312) called the Summoned (el Emplazado), was a King of Castile and León from 1295 until his death.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Ferdinand IV of Castile · See more »

Fernando María Castiella y Maíz

Fernando María Castiella y Maíz (Bilbao, 9 December 1907 - Madrid, 25 November 1976) was a Spanish diplomat, Professor of Private International Law, politician, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Spain (1957-1969) during Spain under Franco's regime.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Fernando María Castiella y Maíz · See more »

Forbes' Quarry

Forbes' Quarry is located on the northern face of the Rock of Gibraltar within the Upper Rock Nature Reserve in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Forbes' Quarry · See more »

Force H

Force H was a British naval formation during the Second World War.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Force H · See more »

Foreign and Commonwealth Office

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO), commonly called the Foreign Office, is a department of the Government of the United Kingdom.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Foreign and Commonwealth Office · See more »

Francisco Castillo Fajardo, Marquis of Villadarias

Francisco Castillo Fajardo, 2nd Marquis of Villadarias (es: Francisco Castillo Fajardo, segundo marqués de Villadarias) (Málaga, 17 December 1642 – 1716), was a Spanish general.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Francisco Castillo Fajardo, Marquis of Villadarias · See more »

Francisco Franco

Francisco Franco Bahamonde (4 December 1892 – 20 November 1975) was a Spanish general who ruled over Spain as a military dictator from 1939, after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War, until his death in 1975.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Francisco Franco · See more »

Francisco Javier Castaños, 1st Duke of Bailén

Francisco Javier Castaños Aragorri Urioste y Olavide, 1st Duke of Bailén (es: Francisco Javier Castaños Aragorri Urioste y Olavide, primer Duque de Bailén.; 22 April 1758 – 24 September 1852), was a Spanish general during the Peninsular War.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Francisco Javier Castaños, 1st Duke of Bailén · See more »

Francoist Spain

Francoist Spain (España franquista) or the Franco regime (Régimen de Franco), formally known as the Spanish State (Estado Español), is the period of Spanish history between 1939, when Francisco Franco took control of Spain after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War establishing a dictatorship, and 1975, when Franco died and Prince Juan Carlos was crowned King of Spain.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Francoist Spain · See more »

Freedom of the City

The Freedom of the City is an honour bestowed by a municipality upon a valued member of the community, or upon a visiting celebrity or dignitary.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Freedom of the City · See more »

French protectorate in Morocco

The French protectorate in Morocco (Protectorat français au Maroc; حماية فرنسا في المغرب Ḥimāyat Faransā fi-l-Maḡrib) was established by the Treaty of Fez.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and French protectorate in Morocco · See more »

Fuel oil

Fuel oil (also known as heavy oil, marine fuel or furnace oil) is a fraction obtained from petroleum distillation, either as a distillate or a residue.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Fuel oil · See more »

Galley

A galley is a type of ship that is propelled mainly by rowing.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Galley · See more »

General strike

A general strike (or mass strike) is a strike action in which a substantial proportion of the total labour force in a city, region, or country participates.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and General strike · See more »

Genoa

Genoa (Genova,; Zêna; English, historically, and Genua) is the capital of the Italian region of Liguria and the sixth-largest city in Italy.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Genoa · See more »

George Augustus Eliott, 1st Baron Heathfield

George Augustus Eliott, 1st Baron Heathfield, PC, KB (25 December 1717 – 6 July 1790) was a British Army officer who served in three major wars during the eighteenth century.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and George Augustus Eliott, 1st Baron Heathfield · See more »

George I of Great Britain

George I (George Louis; Georg Ludwig; 28 May 1660 – 11 June 1727) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1 August 1714 and ruler of the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) in the Holy Roman Empire from 1698 until his death.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and George I of Great Britain · See more »

George Rooke

Admiral of the Fleet Sir George Rooke (1650 – 24 January 1709) was an English naval officer.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and George Rooke · See more »

George Tomlinson (bishop)

Right Rev.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and George Tomlinson (bishop) · See more »

Gerald Kaufman

Sir Gerald Bernard Kaufman (21 June 1930 – 26 February 2017) was a British Labour politician who served as a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1970 until his death in 2017, first for Manchester Ardwick and then for Manchester Gorton.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Gerald Kaufman · See more »

German cruiser Deutschland

Deutschland was the lead ship of her class of heavy cruisers (often termed a pocket battleship) which served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and German cruiser Deutschland · See more »

Gibraltar

Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Gibraltar · See more »

Gibraltar Chronicle

The Gibraltar Chronicle is a national newspaper published in Gibraltar since 1801.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Gibraltar Chronicle · See more »

Gibraltar Constitution Order 1969

The Gibraltar Constitution Order 1969 was published on 30 May 1969 as an Order in Council.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Gibraltar Constitution Order 1969 · See more »

Gibraltar Constitution Order 2006

The Gibraltar Constitution Order 2006 was taken to a referendum in Gibraltar on 30 November 2006.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Gibraltar Constitution Order 2006 · See more »

Gibraltar general election, 2007

General elections were held in Gibraltar on 11 October 2007.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Gibraltar general election, 2007 · See more »

Gibraltar general election, 2011

General elections were held in Gibraltar on 8 December 2011.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Gibraltar general election, 2011 · See more »

Gibraltar International Airport

Gibraltar International Airport or North Front Airport is the civilian airport that serves the British overseas territory of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Gibraltar International Airport · See more »

Gibraltar Museum

The Gibraltar Museum is a national museum of history, culture and natural history located within the city centre of the British overseas territory of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Gibraltar Museum · See more »

Gibraltar Parliament

The Gibraltar Parliament is the legislature of the British overseas territory of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Gibraltar Parliament · See more »

Gibraltar Social Democrats

The Gibraltar Social Democrats (GSD) is a centre-right political party in Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Gibraltar Social Democrats · See more »

Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party

The Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party (GSLP) is a social-democratic political party in Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party · See more »

Gibraltar sovereignty referendum, 1967

The Gibraltar sovereignty referendum of 1967 was held on 10 September 1967, in which Gibraltarian citizens were asked whether they wished to pass under Spanish sovereignty, with Gibraltarians keeping their British citizenship and a special status for Gibraltar within Spain; or remain under British sovereignty, with institutions of self-government.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Gibraltar sovereignty referendum, 1967 · See more »

Gibraltar sovereignty referendum, 2002

The Gibraltar sovereignty referendum of 2002 was a referendum which was called by the Government of Gibraltar and was held on 7 November 2002 within the British overseas territory on a proposal by the UK Government to share sovereignty of the territory between Spain and the United Kingdom.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Gibraltar sovereignty referendum, 2002 · See more »

Gibraltarians

The Gibraltarians (colloquially Llanitos) are a cultural group native to Gibraltar, a British overseas territory located near the southernmost tip of the Iberian Peninsula at the entrance to the Mediterranean Sea.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Gibraltarians · See more »

Giovanni Battista Calvi

Giovanni Battista Calvi (also known as Giovan Battista Calvi, Gianbattista Calvi and/or Juan Bautista Calvi) was an Italian military engineer at the service of the Spanish Monarchy during the 16th century.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Giovanni Battista Calvi · See more »

Goatherd

A goatherd or goatherder is a person who herds goats as a vocational activity.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Goatherd · See more »

Gorham's Cave

Gorham's Cave is a natural sea cave in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Gorham's Cave · See more »

Goths

The Goths (Gut-þiuda; Gothi) were an East Germanic people, two of whose branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire through the long series of Gothic Wars and in the emergence of Medieval Europe.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Goths · See more »

Government of Gibraltar

Her Majesty's Government of Gibraltar is the democratically elected government of the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Government of Gibraltar · See more »

Granada

Granada is the capital city of the province of Granada, in the autonomous community of Andalusia, Spain.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Granada · See more »

Great Siege of Gibraltar

The Great Siege of Gibraltar was an unsuccessful attempt by Spain and France to capture Gibraltar from the British during the American War of Independence.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Great Siege of Gibraltar · See more »

Great Siege Tunnels

The Great Siege Tunnels in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar, also known as the Upper Galleries, are a series of tunnels inside the northern end of the Rock of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Great Siege Tunnels · See more »

Grenadier

A grenadier (derived from the word grenade) was originally a specialized soldier, first established as a distinct role in the mid-to-late 17th century, for the throwing of grenades and sometimes assault operations.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Grenadier · See more »

Guard mounting

Guard mounting, or changing the guard, is a formal ceremony in which sentries providing ceremonial guard duties at important institutions are relieved by a new batch of sentries.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Guard mounting · See more »

Guernica

Guernica, official and Basque name Gernika, is a town in the province of Biscay, in the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country, Spain.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Guernica · See more »

Hattersley Memorandum

The Memorandum by Her Majesty's Government on the Report of the Constitution Committee, or the Hattersley Memorandum for short (by Roy Hattersley, Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office of the United Kingdom), dated 26 June 1976, was the answer of the Labour British Government to proposed constitutional changes in Gibraltar ruling out the possibility of integration of Gibraltar with the United Kingdom.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Hattersley Memorandum · See more »

Hayreddin Barbarossa

Hayreddin Barbarossa (Arabic: Khayr ad-Din Barbarus خير الدين بربروس), (Ariadenus Barbarussa), or Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha (Barbaros Hayreddin (Hayrettin) Paşa or Hızır Hayreddin (Hayrettin) Paşa; also Hızır Reis before being promoted to the rank of Pasha and becoming the Kapudan Pasha), born Khizr or Khidr (Turkish: Hızır; c. 1478 – 4 July 1546), was an Ottoman admiral of the fleet who was born on the island of Lesbos and died in Constantinople, the Ottoman capital.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Hayreddin Barbarossa · See more »

Henry II of Castile

Henry II (13 January 1334 – 29 May 1379), called Henry of Trastámara or the Fratricide (el Fratricida), was the first King of Castile and León from the House of Trastámara.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Henry II of Castile · See more »

Henry IV of Castile

Henry IV of Castile (Castilian: Enrique IV) (5 January 1425 – 11 December 1474), King of the Crown of Castile, nicknamed the Impotent (ruled 1454–1474), was the last of the weak late medieval kings of Castile.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Henry IV of Castile · See more »

History of Gibraltar

The history of Gibraltar, a small peninsula on the southern Iberian coast near the entrance of the Mediterranean Sea, spans over 2,900 years.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and History of Gibraltar · See more »

History of nationality in Gibraltar

Gibraltar is a juridically independent area in western Europe, and forms part of the Commonwealth of Nations as a British overseas territory.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and History of nationality in Gibraltar · See more »

History of Spain

The history of Spain dates back to the Middle Ages.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and History of Spain · See more »

History of the United Kingdom

The history of the United Kingdom as a unified state can be treated as beginning in 1707 with the political union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland, into a united kingdom called Great Britain.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and History of the United Kingdom · See more »

HMS Anson (1886)

HMS Anson was the last of six ironclad battleships built for the Royal Navy during the 1880s.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and HMS Anson (1886) · See more »

HMS Arethusa (26)

HMS Arethusa was the name ship of her class of light cruisers built for the Royal Navy.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and HMS Arethusa (26) · See more »

HMS Hunter (H35)

HMS Hunter was a H-class destroyer built for the Royal Navy in the mid-1930s.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and HMS Hunter (H35) · See more »

HMS Tireless (S88)

HMS Tireless was the third nuclear submarine of the Royal Navy.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and HMS Tireless (S88) · See more »

HMS Victory

HMS Victory is a 104-gun first-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, ordered in 1758, laid down in 1759 and launched in 1765.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and HMS Victory · See more »

Holy Roman Empire

The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Holy Roman Empire · See more »

Hominidae

The Hominidae, whose members are known as great apes or hominids, are a taxonomic family of primates that includes eight extant species in four genera: Pongo, the Bornean, Sumatran and Tapanuli orangutan; Gorilla, the eastern and western gorilla; Pan, the common chimpanzee and the bonobo; and Homo, which includes modern humans and its extinct relatives (e.g., the Neanderthal), and ancestors, such as Homo erectus.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Hominidae · See more »

Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson

Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, 1st Duke of Bronté, (29 September 1758 – 21 October 1805) was a British flag officer in the Royal Navy.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson · See more »

House of Commons of the United Kingdom

The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and House of Commons of the United Kingdom · See more »

House of Habsburg

The House of Habsburg (traditionally spelled Hapsburg in English), also called House of Austria was one of the most influential and distinguished royal houses of Europe.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and House of Habsburg · See more »

Humphrey Bland

Lieutenant General Humphrey Bland (1686 – 8 May 1763) was a British Army general who commanded the cavalry at the Battle of Culloden.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Humphrey Bland · See more »

Iberia (airline)

Iberia, legally incorporated as Iberia, Líneas Aéreas de España, S.A. Operadora, Sociedad Unipersonal, is the flag carrier airline of Spain, founded in 1927.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Iberia (airline) · See more »

Iberian Peninsula

The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Iberian Peninsula · See more »

Ibiza

Ibiza (Eivissa) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea off the east coast of Spain.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Ibiza · See more »

Ibn Hud

Abu Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Yusuf ibn Hud al-Judhami (died 1238), commonly known as Ibn Hud, was a taifa emir of Andalusia from 1228 to 1237.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Ibn Hud · See more »

Identity document

An identity document (also called a piece of identification or ID, or colloquially as papers) is any document which may be used to prove a person's identity.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Identity document · See more »

Instituto Cervantes

The Cervantes Institute is a worldwide non-profit organization created by the Spanish government in 1991.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Instituto Cervantes · See more »

Integration with Britain Party

The Integration with Britain Party (IWBP) was a political party in Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Integration with Britain Party · See more »

Isabella I of Castile

Isabella I (Isabel, 22 April 1451 – 26 November 1504) reigned as Queen of Castile from 1474 until her death.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Isabella I of Castile · See more »

Jack Straw

John Whitaker Straw (born 3 August 1946) is an English politician who served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Blackburn from 1979 to 2015.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Jack Straw · See more »

Jamaica

Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Jamaica · See more »

Jebel Musa (Morocco)

Jebel Musa (in Berber Adrar n Moussa; meaning Mount Moses) is a mountain in the northernmost part of Morocco, on the African side of the Strait of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Jebel Musa (Morocco) · See more »

Jim Murphy

James Francis Murphy (born 23 August 1967) is a Scottish former politician who was Leader of the Scottish Labour Party between 2014 and 2015 and a cabinet minister in the UK Government.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Jim Murphy · See more »

Joe Bossano

Sir Joseph John Bossano KCMG (born 10 June 1939) is a Gibraltarian politician, and the former leader of the Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Joe Bossano · See more »

Johannesburg

Johannesburg (also known as Jozi, Joburg and Egoli) is the largest city in South Africa and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Johannesburg · See more »

John Campbell (author)

John Campbell (8 March 1708 – 28 December 1775) was a Scottish author.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and John Campbell (author) · See more »

John Leake

Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Leake (4 July 1656 – 21 August 1720) was a Royal Navy officer and politician.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and John Leake · See more »

John Shrimpton

Major-General John Shrimpton was Governor of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and John Shrimpton · See more »

Joshua Hassan

Sir Joshua Abraham Hassan (21 August 1915 – 1 July 1997), nicknamed "Salvador" (Saviour), was a Gibraltarian politician, and first mayor and chief minister of Gibraltar, serving four terms as chief minister for a total of over 20 years.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Joshua Hassan · See more »

Juan Mateos

Juan Mateos (Gibraltar, ? - id., 1594) was a wealthy inhabitant of Gibraltar during the Spanish period.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Juan Mateos · See more »

Judiciary of Gibraltar

The judiciary of Gibraltar is a branch of the Government of Gibraltar that interprets and applies the law of Gibraltar, to ensure equal justice under law, and to provide a mechanism for dispute resolution.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Judiciary of Gibraltar · See more »

Kaiane Aldorino

Kaiane Loise Aldorino Lopez, GMH (née Aldorino; born 8 July 1986) is a Gibraltarian politician and beauty queen.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Kaiane Aldorino · See more »

Kingdom of Fez

The Kingdom of Fez was the name given to the northern part of Morocco, from the founding of the country by the Idrisid dynasty in the 8th century until the establishment of the French and the Spanish protectorate.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Kingdom of Fez · See more »

Kingdom of Great Britain

The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Kingdom of Great Britain · See more »

La Línea de la Concepción

La Línea de la Concepción (more often referred to as La Línea) is a town in Spain, in the province of Cádiz in Andalucia.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and La Línea de la Concepción · See more »

Latin Catholic Diocese of Gibraltar

The Latin Bishop of Gibraltar is the ordinary of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Gibraltar, covering the British overseas territory of Gibraltar, which is exempt, i.e. immediately subject to the Holy See, not part of any ecclesiastical province, nor is it part of any (Spanish or British) episcopal conference.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Latin Catholic Diocese of Gibraltar · See more »

Letters patent

Letters patent (always in the plural) are a type of legal instrument in the form of a published written order issued by a monarch, president, or other head of state, generally granting an office, right, monopoly, title, or status to a person or corporation.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Letters patent · See more »

Liberal Party of Gibraltar

The Liberal Party of Gibraltar (Libs) is a liberal political party in Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Liberal Party of Gibraltar · See more »

Lionel Crabb

Lionel Kenneth Phillip Crabb, (28 January 1909 – presumed dead 19 April 1956), known as Buster Crabb, was a Royal Navy frogman and MI6 diver who vanished during a reconnaissance mission around a Soviet cruiser berthed at Portsmouth Dockyard in 1956.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Lionel Crabb · See more »

Lisbon Agreement (1980)

The Lisbon Agreement was the first of a series of agreements between the British and Spanish governments intended to resolve their differences over Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Lisbon Agreement (1980) · See more »

List of country calling codes

Country calling codes or country dial in codes are telephone dialing prefixes for the member countries or regions of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and List of country calling codes · See more »

List of Marshals of France

Marshal of France (Maréchal de France, plural Maréchaux de France) is a French military distinction, rather than a military rank, that is awarded to generals for exceptional achievements.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and List of Marshals of France · See more »

Los Barrios

Los Barrios is a small town and municipality in the south of Spain.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Los Barrios · See more »

Madeira

Madeira is a Portuguese archipelago situated in the north Atlantic Ocean, southwest of Portugal.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Madeira · See more »

Malta

Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Malta · See more »

Marbella

Marbella is a city and municipality in southern Spain, belonging to the province of Málaga in the autonomous community of Andalusia.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Marbella · See more »

Marcelino Oreja, 1st Marquis of Oreja

Marcelino Oreja y Aguirre, 1st Marquis of Oreja (born 13 February 1935) is a Spanish lawyer, diplomat and politician of the People's Party.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Marcelino Oreja, 1st Marquis of Oreja · See more »

Marinid dynasty

The Marinid dynasty (Berber: Imrinen, المرينيون Marīniyūn) or Banu abd al-Haqq was a Sunni Muslim dynasty of Zenata Berber descent that ruled Morocco from the 13th to the 15th century.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Marinid dynasty · See more »

Marquis of Verboom

George Prosper Verboom, also known as Jorge Próspero de Verboom (9 January 1665 in Brussels – 19 January 1744 in Barcelona, Spain), was a Flemish-born military engineer in the service of the King of Spain.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Marquis of Verboom · See more »

Marquisate of Gibraltar

Marquis of Gibraltar was a short-lived Castilian noble title (1478–1501).

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Marquisate of Gibraltar · See more »

Mary, mother of Jesus

Mary was a 1st-century BC Galilean Jewish woman of Nazareth, and the mother of Jesus, according to the New Testament and the Quran.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Mary, mother of Jesus · See more »

Mayor of Gibraltar

His or Her Worship the Mayor of Gibraltar is the ceremonial official of the British overseas territory of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Mayor of Gibraltar · See more »

Málaga

Málaga is a municipality, capital of the Province of Málaga, in the Autonomous Community of Andalusia, Spain.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Málaga · See more »

Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Mediterranean Sea · See more »

Melilla

Melilla (مليلية, Maliliyyah; ⵎⵔⵉⵜⵙ, Mřič) is a Spanish autonomous city located on the north coast of Africa, sharing a border with Morocco, with an area of.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Melilla · See more »

Menorca

Menorca or Minorca (Menorca; Menorca; from Latin: Insula Minor, later Minorica "smaller island") is one of the Balearic Islands located in the Mediterranean Sea belonging to Spain.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Menorca · See more »

Military air base

A military air base (sometimes referred to as a military airfield, military airport, air force station, air force base or short air base) is an aerodrome (military base) used by a military force for the operation of military aircraft.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Military air base · See more »

Miss World

Miss World is the oldest running international beauty pageant.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Miss World · See more »

Monte Hacho

Monte Hacho is a low mountain that overlooks the Spanish city of Ceuta, on the north coast of Africa.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Monte Hacho · See more »

Moorish Castle

The Moorish Castle is the name given to a medieval fortification in Gibraltar comprising various buildings, gates, and fortified walls, with the dominant features being the Tower of Homage and the Gate House.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Moorish Castle · See more »

Moors

The term "Moors" refers primarily to the Muslim inhabitants of the Maghreb, the Iberian Peninsula, Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, and Malta during the Middle Ages.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Moors · See more »

Morisco

Moriscos (mouriscos,; meaning "Moorish") were former Muslims who converted or were coerced into converting to Christianity, after Spain finally outlawed the open practice of Islam by its sizeable Muslim population (termed mudéjar) in the early 16th century.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Morisco · See more »

Morocco

Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Morocco · See more »

Mousterian

The Mousterian (or Mode III) is a techno-complex (archaeological industry) of flint lithic tools associated primarily with Neanderthals, as well as with the earliest anatomically modern humans in Eurasia.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Mousterian · See more »

Muhammad I of Granada

Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Yusuf ibn Nasr (1195 – 22 January 1273), also known as Ibn al-Aḥmar (ابن الأحمر) and by his epithet al-Ghalib billah ("The Victor by the Grace of God"), was the first ruler of the Emirate of Granada, the last independent Muslim state on the Iberian Peninsula, and the founder of its ruling Nasrid dynasty.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Muhammad I of Granada · See more »

Muhammad II of Granada

Muhammed II (also known by his epithet al-Faqih, "the canon-lawyer", born, reigned 1273–1302 until his death) was the second Nasrid ruler of the Emirate of Granada in Al-Andalus on the Iberian Peninsula, succeeding his father Muhammad I. Already experienced in matters of state by the time he ascended the throne, he continued his father's policy of maintaining independence in the face of Granada's larger neighbors, Castile and the Marinids, and an internal rebellion by his family's former allies Banu Ashqilula.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Muhammad II of Granada · See more »

Muhammed V of Granada

Muhammed V (4 January 1338 – 16 January 1391) was the eighth Nasrid ruler of the Emirate of Granada in Al-Andalus on the Iberian Peninsula.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Muhammed V of Granada · See more »

MV Fedra

MV Fedra was a Liberian-registered bulk-carrier cargo ship.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and MV Fedra · See more »

Nasrid dynasty

The Nasrid dynasty (بنو نصر banū Naṣr or banū al-Aḥmar) was the last Arab Muslim dynasty in Iberia, ruling the Emirate of Granada from 1230 until 1492.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Nasrid dynasty · See more »

Neandertal (valley)

The Neandertal (sometimes called "the Neander Valley" in English) is a small valley of the river Düssel in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, located about east of Düsseldorf, the capital city of North Rhine-Westphalia.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Neandertal (valley) · See more »

Neanderthal

Neanderthals (also; also Neanderthal Man, taxonomically Homo neanderthalensis or Homo sapiens neanderthalensis) are an extinct species or subspecies of archaic humans in the genus Homo, who lived in Eurasia during at least 430,000 to 38,000 years ago.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Neanderthal · See more »

Neanderthals in Gibraltar

The Neanderthals in Gibraltar were among the first to be discovered by modern scientists and may have been among the last of their species according to a number of extinction hypotheses which emphasize regional differences, usually claiming the Iberian Peninsula acted as a “refuge” for the retreating Neanderthal populations and Gibraltar community as having been the last, existing until around 24,000 years ago.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Neanderthals in Gibraltar · See more »

Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Netherlands · See more »

Netherlands Marine Corps

The Korps Mariniers is the elite amphibious infantry component of the Royal Netherlands Navy.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Netherlands Marine Corps · See more »

Non-belligerent

A non-belligerent is a person, a state, or other organization that does not fight in a given conflict.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Non-belligerent · See more »

Old Style and New Style dates

Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are terms sometimes used with dates to indicate that the calendar convention used at the time described is different from that in use at the time the document was being written.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Old Style and New Style dates · See more »

Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell (25 April 15993 September 1658) was an English military and political leader.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Oliver Cromwell · See more »

Operation Flavius

Operation Flavius (also referred to as the "Gibraltar killings") was a controversial military operation in which three members of the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) were shot dead by the British Special Air Service (SAS) in Gibraltar on 6 March 1988.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Operation Flavius · See more »

Operation Torch

Operation Torch (8–16 November 1942, formerly Operation Gymnast) was a Anglo–American invasion of French North Africa, during the North African Campaign of the Second World War.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Operation Torch · See more »

Order of the Bath

The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Order of the Bath · See more »

Patron saint

A patron saint, patroness saint, patron hallow or heavenly protector is a saint who in Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Eastern Orthodoxy, or particular branches of Islam, is regarded as the heavenly advocate of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or person.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Patron saint · See more »

Peninsular War

The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was a military conflict between Napoleon's empire (as well as the allied powers of the Spanish Empire), the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Portugal, for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Peninsular War · See more »

People's Party (Spain)

The People's Party (Partido Popular; known mostly by its acronym, PP) is a conservative and Christian democratic political party in Spain.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and People's Party (Spain) · See more »

Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington

Peter Alexander Rupert Carington, 6th Baron Carrington, (born 6 June 1919) is a British Conservative politician and hereditary peer who served as Defence Secretary between 1970 and 1974, Foreign Secretary between 1979 and 1982, chairman of General Electric between 1983 and 1984, and Secretary General of NATO from 1984 to 1988.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington · See more »

Peter Caruana

Sir Peter Richard Caruana, (born 15 October 1956) is a former Gibraltarian politician, former leader of the Gibraltar Social Democrats (GSD) and former Chief Minister of Gibraltar, holding office from 1996 to 2011.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Peter Caruana · See more »

Peter Gretton

Vice Admiral Sir Peter William Gretton & Two Bars, (27 August 1912 – 11 November 1992) was an officer in the Royal Navy.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Peter Gretton · See more »

Peter Isola

Peter Joseph Isola, OBE, GMH (Gibraltar, 1929 – 28 January 2006), was a Gibraltarian politician and lawyer.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Peter Isola · See more »

Peter of Castile

Peter (Pedro; 30 August 133423 March 1369), called the Cruel (el Cruel) or the Just (el Justo), was the king of Castile and León from 1350 to 1369.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Peter of Castile · See more »

Philip I of Castile

Philip I (22 July 1478 – 25 September 1506) called the Handsome or the Fair, was the first member of the house of Habsburg to be King of Castile.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Philip I of Castile · See more »

Philip III of Spain

Philip III (Felipe; 14 April 1578 – 31 March 1621) was King of Spain.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Philip III of Spain · See more »

Philip V of Spain

Philip V (Felipe V, Philippe, Filippo; 19 December 1683 – 9 July 1746) was King of Spain from 1 November 1700 to his abdication in favour of his son Louis on 15 January 1724, and from his reascendancy of the throne upon his son's death on 6 September 1724 to his own death on 9 July 1746.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Philip V of Spain · See more »

Phoenicia

Phoenicia (or; from the Φοινίκη, meaning "purple country") was a thalassocratic ancient Semitic civilization that originated in the Eastern Mediterranean and in the west of the Fertile Crescent.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Phoenicia · See more »

Pillars of Hercules

The Pillars of Hercules (Latin: Columnae Herculis, Greek: Ἡράκλειαι Στῆλαι, Arabic: أعمدة هرقل / Aʿmidat Hiraql, Spanish: Columnas de Hércules) was the phrase that was applied in Antiquity to the promontories that flank the entrance to the Strait of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Pillars of Hercules · See more »

Plato

Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Plato · See more »

Pope Pius II

Pope Pius II (Pius PP., Pio II), born Enea Silvio Bartolomeo Piccolomini (Aeneas Silvius Bartholomeus; 18 October 1405 – 14 August 1464) was Pope from 19 August 1458 to his death in 1464.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Pope Pius II · See more »

Portland stone

Portland stone is a limestone from the Tithonian stage of the Jurassic period quarried on the Isle of Portland, Dorset.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Portland stone · See more »

Portugal

Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Portugal · See more »

Prince George of Hesse-Darmstadt

Prince George Louis of Hessen-Darmstadt (1669 – 13 September 1705) was a Field Marshal in the Austrian army. He is known for his career in Habsburg Spain, as Viceroy of Catalonia (1698–1701), head of the Austrian army in the War of Spanish Succession (1701–1705) and governor of Gibraltar in 1704. He was killed during the Siege of Barcelona the following year. He was known in Spanish as Jorge de Darmstadt and in Catalan as Jordi Darmstadt.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Prince George of Hesse-Darmstadt · See more »

Provisional Irish Republican Army

The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA or Provisional IRA) was an Irish republican revolutionary organisation that sought to end British rule in Northern Ireland, facilitate the reunification of Ireland and bring about an independent socialist republic encompassing all of Ireland.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Provisional Irish Republican Army · See more »

Qaid

Qaid (قائد, "commander"; pl.), also spelled kaid or caïd, is a word meaning "commander" or "leader." It was a title in the Norman kingdom of Sicily, applied to palatine officials and members of the curia, usually to those who were Muslims or converts from Islam.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Qaid · See more »

Race track

A race track (or "racetrack", "racing track" or "racing circuit") is a facility built for racing of vehicles, athletes, or animals (e.g. horse racing or greyhound racing).

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Race track · See more »

Reconquista

The Reconquista (Spanish and Portuguese for the "reconquest") is a name used to describe the period in the history of the Iberian Peninsula of about 780 years between the Umayyad conquest of Hispania in 711 and the fall of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada to the expanding Christian kingdoms in 1492.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Reconquista · See more »

Referendum

A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Referendum · See more »

René de Froulay de Tessé

René de Froulay, Comte de Tessé (14 May 1648 – 30 March 1725) was a French soldier and diplomat during the reign of Louis XIV and the 1715-1723 Regency.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and René de Froulay de Tessé · See more »

Robert Peliza

Sir Robert John "Bob" Peliza KBE GMH ED (16 November 1920 – 12 December 2011) was a Gibraltarian politician.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Robert Peliza · See more »

Rock of Gibraltar

The Rock of Gibraltar, also known as the Pillars of Hercules, is a monolithic limestone promontory located in the British overseas territory of Gibraltar, near the southwestern tip of Europe on the Iberian Peninsula.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Rock of Gibraltar · See more »

Roger Elliott

Major General Roger Elliott (1665 – 16 May 1714) was one of the earliest British Governors of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Roger Elliott · See more »

Roy Hattersley

Roy Sydney George Hattersley, Baron Hattersley, PC, FRSL (born 28 December 1932) is a British Labour politician, author and journalist from Sheffield.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Roy Hattersley · See more »

Royal Air Force

The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Royal Air Force · See more »

Royal Gibraltar Police

The Royal Gibraltar Police (RGP) is, along with the H.M.Customs Gibraltar, the principal civilian law enforcement agency in the British overseas territory of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Royal Gibraltar Police · See more »

Royal Gibraltar Regiment

The Royal Gibraltar Regiment is the home defence unit for the British overseas territory of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Royal Gibraltar Regiment · See more »

Royal Marines

The Corps of Royal Marines (RM) is the amphibious light infantry of the Royal Navy.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Royal Marines · See more »

Royal Mint

The Royal Mint is a government-owned mint that produces coins for the United Kingdom.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Royal Mint · See more »

Royal Navy

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Royal Navy · See more »

Saint Roch

Saint Roch or Rocco (lived c. 1348 – 15/16 August 1376/79 (traditionally c. 1295 – 16 August 1327)) was a Catholic saint, a confessor whose death is commemorated on 16 August and 9 September in Italy; he is specially invoked against the plague.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Saint Roch · See more »

San Roque, Cádiz

San Roque is a small town and municipality in the south of Spain.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and San Roque, Cádiz · See more »

Second Spanish Republic

The Spanish Republic (República Española), commonly known as the Second Spanish Republic (Segunda República Española), was the democratic government that existed in Spain from 1931 to 1939.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Second Spanish Republic · See more »

Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs

Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, normally referred to as the Foreign Secretary, is a senior, high-ranking official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs · See more »

Self-determination

The right of people to self-determination is a cardinal principle in modern international law (commonly regarded as a jus cogens rule), binding, as such, on the United Nations as authoritative interpretation of the Charter's norms.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Self-determination · See more »

Self-governance

Self-governance, self-government, or autonomy, is an abstract concept that applies to several scales of organization.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Self-governance · See more »

Semtex

Semtex is a general-purpose plastic explosive containing RDX and PETN.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Semtex · See more »

Siege of Algeciras (1309–10)

The Siege of Algeciras was a battle of the Spanish Reconquista that occurred between July 1309 and January 1310.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Siege of Algeciras (1309–10) · See more »

Siege of Algeciras (1342–44)

The Siege of Algeciras (1342–44) was undertaken during the Reconquest of Spain by the Castillian forces of Alfonso XI assisted by the fleets of the Kingdom of Aragon and the Republic of Genoa.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Siege of Algeciras (1342–44) · See more »

Siege of Algeciras (1369)

The Siege of Algeciras (1369) was undertaken during the period of the Reconquest of Spain by Muhammed V, Sultan of Granada to reclaim the city of Al-Hadra Al-Yazirat, called Algeciras by the Christians, in the Kingdom of Castile.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Siege of Algeciras (1369) · See more »

Simón Susarte

Simón Rodríguez Susarte, commonly known as Simón Susarte, was a Spanish goatherd from Gibraltar, who in 1704 aided a Bourbon Spanish attempt to seize Gibraltar during the Twelfth Siege of Gibraltar by revealing a concealed path to the attackers which led to the top of the Rock of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Simón Susarte · See more »

Sir William Green, 1st Baronet

General Sir William Green, 1st Baronet, of Marass, Kent (4 April 1725 – 10 January 1811) was an officer in the British Army.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Sir William Green, 1st Baronet · See more »

Sky News

Sky News is a 24-hour international multimedia news organisation based in the UK that started as a 24-hour television news channel.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Sky News · See more »

Spaniards

Spaniards are a Latin European ethnic group and nation.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Spaniards · See more »

Spanish Civil War

The Spanish Civil War (Guerra Civil Española),Also known as The Crusade (La Cruzada) among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War (Cuarta Guerra Carlista) among Carlists, and The Rebellion (La Rebelión) or Uprising (Sublevación) among Republicans.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Spanish Civil War · See more »

Spanish destroyer José Luis Díez

José Luis Díez was a in the Spanish Republican Navy.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Spanish destroyer José Luis Díez · See more »

Spanish Netherlands

Spanish Netherlands (Países Bajos Españoles; Spaanse Nederlanden; Pays-Bas espagnols, Spanische Niederlande) was the collective name of States of the Holy Roman Empire in the Low Countries, held in personal union by the Spanish Crown (also called Habsburg Spain) from 1556 to 1714.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Spanish Netherlands · See more »

Spanish Socialist Workers' Party

The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español; PSOE) is a social-democraticThe PSOE is described as a social-democratic party by numerous sources.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Spanish Socialist Workers' Party · See more »

Special Air Service

The Special Air Service (SAS) is a special forces unit of the British Army.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Special Air Service · See more »

St Bernard's Hospital

St Bernard's Hospital is the only civilian general hospital in the British overseas territory of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and St Bernard's Hospital · See more »

Suez Canal

thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Suez Canal · See more »

Taifa

In the history of the Iberian Peninsula, a taifa (from طائفة ṭā'ifa, plural طوائف ṭawā'if) was an independent Muslim-ruled principality, of which a number were formed in Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia) after the final collapse of the Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba in 1031.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Taifa · See more »

Tangier

Tangier (طَنجة Ṭanjah; Berber: ⵟⴰⵏⴵⴰ Ṭanja; old Berber name: ⵜⵉⵏⴳⵉ Tingi; adapted to Latin: Tingis; Tanger; Tánger; also called Tangiers in English) is a major city in northwestern Morocco.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Tangier · See more »

Tarifa

Tarifa is a small town in the province of Cádiz, Andalusia, on the southernmost coast of mainland Spain.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Tarifa · See more »

Tariq ibn Ziyad

āriq ibn Ziyād (طارق بن زياد) was a Muslim commander who led the Islamic Umayyad conquest of Visigothic Hispania in 711–718 A.D. Under the orders of the Umayyad Caliph Al-Walid I he led a large army and crossed the Strait of Gibraltar from the North African coast, consolidating his troops at what is today known as the Rock of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Tariq ibn Ziyad · See more »

Telecom dispute between Gibraltar and Spain

Direct telephone connections between Gibraltar and Spain were severed in 1969, when land communications between both territories were halted by the Spanish leader Francisco Franco, and were not restored until 1986.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Telecom dispute between Gibraltar and Spain · See more »

Telephone numbers in Gibraltar

The Gibraltar telephone numbering plan is the system used for assigning telephone numbers in Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Telephone numbers in Gibraltar · See more »

Territorial integrity

Territorial integrity is the principle under international law that prohibits states from the use of force against the "territorial integrity or political independence" of another state.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Territorial integrity · See more »

The Convent (Gibraltar)

The Convent has been the official residence of the Governor of Gibraltar since 1728.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and The Convent (Gibraltar) · See more »

Thirteenth Siege of Gibraltar

The Siege of Gibraltar of 1727 (thirteenth siege of Gibraltar, second by Spain) saw Spanish forces besiege the British garrison of Gibraltar as part of the Anglo-Spanish War.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Thirteenth Siege of Gibraltar · See more »

Thomas Stanwix

Brigadier General Thomas Stanwix (1670 – 14 March 1725) was a British Army officer, politician and Governor of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Thomas Stanwix · See more »

Tito Benady

Tito Mesod Benady (born 17 July 1930 in Gibraltar), MBE, is a Gibraltarian historian of Sephardic Jewish descent.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Tito Benady · See more »

Toledo, Spain

Toledo is a city and municipality located in central Spain; it is the capital of the province of Toledo and the autonomous community of Castile–La Mancha.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Toledo, Spain · See more »

Tory

A Tory is a person who holds a political philosophy, known as Toryism, based on a British version of traditionalism and conservatism, which upholds the supremacy of social order as it has evolved throughout history.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Tory · See more »

Trafalgar Cemetery

The Trafalgar Cemetery is a cemetery in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Trafalgar Cemetery · See more »

Transport and General Workers' Union

The Transport and General Workers' Union (TGWU or T&G) was one of the largest general trade unions in the United Kingdom and Ireland - where it was known as the Amalgamated Transport and General Workers' Union (ATGWU) to differentiate itself from the Irish Transport and General Workers' Union - with 900,000 members (and was once the largest trade union in the world).

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Transport and General Workers' Union · See more »

Treaty of Paris (1783)

The Treaty of Paris, signed in Paris by representatives of King George III of Great Britain and representatives of the United States of America on September 3, 1783, ended the American Revolutionary War.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Treaty of Paris (1783) · See more »

Treaty of Paris (1814)

The Treaty of Paris, signed on 30 May 1814, ended the war between France and the Sixth Coalition, part of the Napoleonic Wars, following an armistice signed on 23 April between Charles, Count of Artois, and the allies.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Treaty of Paris (1814) · See more »

Treaty of Seville (1729)

The Treaty of Seville was signed on 9 November 1729 between Great Britain, France, and Spain, concluding the Anglo-Spanish War (1727).

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Treaty of Seville (1729) · See more »

Treaty of The Hague (1701)

The Treaty of Den Haag (1701) or Treaty of The Hague (1701) was signed on 7 September, 1701 between Great Britain, the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I, and the United Provinces.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Treaty of The Hague (1701) · See more »

Treaty of Utrecht

The Treaty of Utrecht, which established the Peace of Utrecht, is a series of individual peace treaties, rather than a single document, signed by the belligerents in the War of the Spanish Succession, in the Dutch city of Utrecht in March and April 1713.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Treaty of Utrecht · See more »

Typhus

Typhus, also known as typhus fever, is a group of infectious diseases that include epidemic typhus, scrub typhus and murine typhus.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Typhus · See more »

Umayyad Caliphate

The Umayyad Caliphate (ٱلْخِلافَةُ ٱلأُمَوِيَّة, trans. Al-Khilāfatu al-ʾUmawiyyah), also spelt, was the second of the four major caliphates established after the death of Muhammad.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Umayyad Caliphate · See more »

United Nations General Assembly

The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA or GA; Assemblée Générale AG) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN), the only one in which all member nations have equal representation, and the main deliberative, policy-making and representative organ of the UN.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and United Nations General Assembly · See more »

United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories

The United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories is a list of places that the United Nations General Assembly deems to be "non-self-governing" and subject to the decolonization process.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories · See more »

Vandals

The Vandals were a large East Germanic tribe or group of tribes that first appear in history inhabiting present-day southern Poland.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Vandals · See more »

Vienna

Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Vienna · See more »

Visigoths

The Visigoths (Visigothi, Wisigothi, Vesi, Visi, Wesi, Wisi; Visigoti) were the western branches of the nomadic tribes of Germanic peoples referred to collectively as the Goths.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Visigoths · See more »

War of the Spanish Succession

The War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714) was a European conflict of the early 18th century, triggered by the death of the childless Charles II of Spain in November 1700.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and War of the Spanish Succession · See more »

Warrant (law)

A warrant is generally an order that serves as a specific type of authorization, that is, a writ issued by a competent officer, usually a judge or magistrate, which permits an otherwise illegal act that would violate individual rights and affords the person executing the writ protection from damages if the act is performed.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Warrant (law) · See more »

Wehrmacht

The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and Wehrmacht · See more »

William Jackson (British Army officer)

General Sir William Godfrey Fothergill Jackson, (28 August 1917 – 12 March 1999) was a British Army officer, military historian, author and Governor of Gibraltar.

New!!: Timeline of the history of Gibraltar and William Jackson (British Army officer) · See more »

Redirects here:

Gibraltar 1704-05, Gibraltar 1704–05, Seige of Gibraltar.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_history_of_Gibraltar

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »