130 relations: Adobe Systems, Ancient Rome, Antiqua–Fraktur dispute, Antwerp, Apple Inc., Application software, Arial, Asbestos, Ascender (typography), Ball terminal, Baroque, Baskerville, Bembo, Ben Preston, Bitstream Cyberbit, Bitstream Inc., Body text, Broadsheet, Calibri, Caslon, Collier's, Compugraphic, Computer Modern, Core fonts for the Web, Counter (typography), Courier (typeface), Croscore fonts, Currency symbol, Daniel Berkeley Updike, Descender, Didone (typography), Didot (typeface), Didot family, Diplomacy, Early modern period, Elsner+Flake, Emphasis (typography), Encyclopædia Britannica, Eric Gill, Font, Font Bureau, Font substitution, Frederic Goudy, Free software, George W. Bush, George W. Bush military service controversy, German nouns, GNU FreeFont, GNU General Public License, Goethe University Frankfurt, ..., Harry Carter (typographer), Helvetica, Hever Castle, IBM Selectric typewriter, Italic type, Joan Michaël Fleischman, John Dreyfus, John Jacob Astor, Kerning, Killian documents authenticity issues, Killian documents controversy, Legibility Group, Liberation fonts, Linux Libertine, List of typefaces, Luc Devroye, MacOS, MathTime, Mergenthaler Linotype Company, Microsoft, Microsoft Office 2007, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Word, Mike Parker (typographer), Miller & Richard, Monotype Imaging, Neville Brody, New York Public Library, Nicolas Barker, Nimbus Roman No. 9 L, Occam's razor, Open-source software, Oxford University Press, Perpetua (typeface), Phototypesetting, Pica (typography), Plantin (typeface), Plantin-Moretus Museum, PostScript, Proprietary software, Robert Granjon, Roman type, Rome, Rupert Murdoch, Serif, Slate (magazine), Small caps, Stanley Morison, Steve Matteson, STIX Fonts project, Swash (typography), Tabloid (newspaper format), Text figures, The Penrose Annual, The Times, The Times Literary Supplement, Tom Vanderbilt, Type color, Typeface, Typewriter, Typographic ligature, Unicode, Unicode font, United States Department of State, University of Reading, URW++, Verdana, Victor Lardent, Walter Tracy, Web browser, William Starling Burgess, Windows 10, Windows 3.1x, Windows Glyph List 4, Windows Vista, Woman's Home Companion, Word processor, X-height, Xerox, XITS font project. Expand index (80 more) » « Shrink index
Adobe Systems Incorporated, commonly known as Adobe, is an American multinational computer software company.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
The Antiqua–Fraktur dispute was a typographical dispute in 19th- and early 20th-century Germany.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
An application software (app or application for short) is a computer software designed to perform a group of coordinated functions, tasks, or activities for the benefit of the user.
Arial, sometimes marketed or displayed in software as Arial MT, is a sans-serif typeface and set of computer fonts.
Asbestos is a set of six naturally occurring silicate minerals, which all have in common their eponymous asbestiform habit: i.e. long (roughly 1:20 aspect ratio), thin fibrous crystals, with each visible fiber composed of millions of microscopic "fibrils" that can be released by abrasion and other processes.
In typography, an ascender is the portion of a minuscule letter in a Latin-derived alphabet that extends above the mean line of a font.
A ball terminal is a design feature of a typeface or glyph where the end of a stroke takes a roughly circular shape, as opposed to a serif or a square end.
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
Baskerville is a serif typeface designed in the 1750s by John Baskerville (1706–1775) in Birmingham, England, and cut into metal by punchcutter John Handy.
Bembo is a serif typeface created by the British branch of the Monotype Corporation in 1928-9 and most commonly used for body text.
James Ben Preston (born 24 September 1963) is a British journalist.
Bitstream Cyberbit is a commercial serif Unicode font designed by Bitstream Inc.
Bitstream Inc. was a type foundry that produced digital typefaces.
Body text is the text forming the main content of a book, magazine, web page or other printed matter.
A broadsheet is the largest newspaper format and is characterized by long vertical pages (typically). Other common newspaper formats include the smaller Berliner and tabloid/compact formats.
Calibri is a sans-serif typeface family designed by Luc(as) de Groot in 2002–2004 and released to the general public in 2007, with Microsoft Office 2007 and Windows Vista.
Caslon is the name given to serif typefaces designed by William Caslon I (c. 1692–1766) in London, or inspired by his work.
Collier's was an American magazine, founded in 1888 by Peter Fenelon Collier.
Compugraphic Corporation was an American producer of typesetting systems and phototypesetting equipment, based, at the time of the Agfa merger, in Wilmington, Massachusetts, just a few miles from where it was founded.
Computer Modern is the original family of typefaces used by the typesetting program TeX.
Core fonts for the Web was a project started by Microsoft in 1996 to create a standard pack of fonts for the Internet.
In typography, a counter is the area of a letter that is entirely or partially enclosed by a letter form or a symbol (the counter-space/the hole of).
Courier is a monospaced slab serif typeface designed to resemble the output from a strike-on typewriter.
The Chrome OS core fonts, also known as the Croscore fonts, are a collection of three TrueType font families: Arimo (sans-serif), Tinos (serif) and Cousine (monospace).
A currency symbol is a graphic symbol used as a shorthand for a currency's name, especially in reference to amounts of money.
Daniel Berkeley Updike (February 14, 1860 – December 29, 1941) was an American printer and historian of typography.
In typography, a descender is the portion of a letter that extends below the baseline of a font.
Didone is a genre of serif typeface that emerged in the late 18th century and was the standard style of general-purpose printing during the nineteenth.
Didot is a group of typefaces named after the famous French printing and type producing Didot family.
Didot is the name of a family of French printers, punch-cutters and publishers.
Diplomacy is the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of states.
The early modern period of modern history follows the late Middle Ages of the post-classical era.
Elsner+Flake is a trademark used by German type foundry originally called EF Designstudios but later renamed Elsner+Flake Type Consulting GmbH and is currently based in Hamburg.
In typography, emphasis is the strengthening of words in a text with a font in a different style from the rest of the text, to highlight them.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
Arthur Eric Rowton Gill (22 February 1882 – 17 November 1940) was an English sculptor, typeface designer, and printmaker, who was associated with the Arts and Crafts movement.
In metal typesetting, a font was a particular size, weight and style of a typeface.
The Font Bureau, Inc. or Font Bureau is a digital type foundry based in Boston, Massachusetts, United States.
Font substitution is the process of using one font in place of another when the intended font either is not available or does not contain glyphs for the required characters.
Frederic W. Goudy (March 8, 1865 in Bloomington, Illinois – May 11, 1947 in Marlborough-on-Hudson) was an American printer, artist and type designer whose typefaces include Copperplate Gothic, Goudy Old Style and Kennerley.
Free software or libre software is computer software distributed under terms that allow users to run the software for any purpose as well as to study, change, and distribute it and any adapted versions.
George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
Controversy over George W. Bush's military service in the National Guard was an issue that first gained widespread public attention during the 2004 presidential campaign.
German nouns have a grammatical gender, as in many related Indo-European languages.
GNU FreeFont (also known as Free UCS Outline Fonts) is a family of free OpenType, TrueType and WOFF vector fonts, implementing as much of the Universal Character Set (UCS) as possible.
The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or GPL) is a widely used free software license, which guarantees end users the freedom to run, study, share and modify the software.
Goethe University Frankfurt (Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main) is a university located in Frankfurt, Germany.
Harry Graham Carter (27 March 1901 – 10 March 1982) was an English typographer and writer.
Helvetica or Neue Haas Grotesk is a widely used sans-serif typeface developed in 1957 by Swiss typeface designer Max Miedinger with input from Eduard Hoffmann.
Hever Castle is located in the village of Hever, Kent, near Edenbridge, south-east of London, England.
The IBM Selectric typewriter was a highly successful model line of electric typewriters introduced by IBM on 31 July 1961.
In typography, italic type is a cursive font based on a stylized form of calligraphic handwriting.
Joan Michaël Fleischman (1707 – 1768), was an 18th-century German-Dutch typographer and punchcutter.
John Dreyfus (1918-2002) was a British book designer and historian of printing who worked for Cambridge University Press and the Monotype printing company.
John Jacob Astor (July 17, 1763 – March 29, 1848) (born Johann Jakob Astor) was a German–American businessman, merchant, real estate mogul and investor who mainly made his fortune in fur trade and by investing in real estate in or around New York City.
In typography, kerning is the process of adjusting the spacing between characters in a proportional font, usually to achieve a visually pleasing result.
During the Killian documents controversy in 2004, the authenticity of the documents themselves was disputed by a variety of individuals and groups.
The Killian documents controversy (also referred to as Memogate or Rathergate) involved six purported documents critical of U.S. President George W. Bush's service in the Texas Air National Guard in 1972–73.
The Legibility Group is a series of serif typefaces created by the American Mergenthaler Linotype Company and intended for use in newspapers on Linotype's hot metal typesetting system.
Liberation is the collective name of four TrueType font families: Liberation Sans, Liberation Sans Narrow, Liberation Serif and Liberation Mono.
Linux Libertine is a digital typeface created by the Libertine Open Fonts Project, which aims to create free and open alternatives to proprietary typefaces such as Times New Roman.
This is a list of typefaces, which are separated into groups by distinct artistic differences.
Luc P. Devroye is a Belgian computer scientist and mathematician and a James McGill Professor in the School of Computer Science of McGill University in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
MathTime (sometimes MathTıme) is a commercial set of Times compatible mathematical type family for TeX, created by Michael Spivak.
The Mergenthaler Linotype Company is a corporation founded in the United States in 1886 to market the Linotype machine, a system to cast metal type in lines (linecaster) invented by Ottmar Mergenthaler.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft Office 2007 (codenamed Office 12) is a version of Microsoft Office, a family of office suites and productivity software for Windows, developed and published by Microsoft.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Microsoft Word (or simply Word) is a word processor developed by Microsoft.
Mike Russell Parker (1929 - February 23, 2014) was a British-born American typographer and type designer.
Miller & Richard was a type foundry based in Edinburgh that designed and manufactured metal type.
Monotype Imaging Holdings, Inc. is a Delaware corporation based in Woburn, Massachusetts.
Neville Brody (born 23 April 1957) is an English graphic designer, typographer and art director.
The New York Public Library (NYPL) is a public library system in New York City.
Nicolas John Barker, (born 1932) is a British historian of printing and books.
Nimbus Roman is a serif typeface created by URW Studio in 1982.
Occam's razor (also Ockham's razor or Ocham's razor; Latin: lex parsimoniae "law of parsimony") is the problem-solving principle that, the simplest explanation tends to be the right one.
Open-source software (OSS) is a type of computer software whose source code is released under a license in which the copyright holder grants users the rights to study, change, and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Perpetua is a serif typeface that was designed by English sculptor and stonemason Eric Gill for the British Monotype Corporation.
Phototypesetting is a method of setting type, rendered obsolete with the popularity of the personal computer and desktop publishing software, that uses a photographic process to generate columns of type on a scroll of photographic paper.
The pica is a typographic unit of measure corresponding to approximately of an inch, or of a foot.
Plantin is an old-style serif typeface named after the sixteenth-century printer Christophe Plantin.
The Plantin-Moretus Museum (Plantin-Moretusmuseum) is a printing museum in Antwerp, Belgium which focuses on the work of the 16th century printers Christophe Plantin and Jan Moretus.
PostScript (PS) is a page description language in the electronic publishing and desktop publishing business.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
Robert Granjon (1513-November 16, 1589/March 1590) was a French type designer and printer.
In Latin script typography, roman is one of the three main kinds of historical type, alongside blackletter and italic.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
Keith Rupert Murdoch, (born 11 March 1931) is an Australian-born American media mogul.
In typography, a serif is a small line attached to the end of a stroke in a letter or symbol.
Slate is an online magazine that covers current affairs, politics, and culture in the United States from a liberal perspective.
In typography, small capitals (usually abbreviated small caps) are lowercase characters typeset with glyphs that resemble uppercase letters ("capitals") but reduced in height and weight, close to the surrounding lowercase (small) letters or text figures, for example:.
Stanley Morison (6 May 1889 – 11 October 1967) was an influential British typographer, printing executive and historian of printing.
Steven R. Matteson (born 1965, Chicago, Illinois) is an American typeface designer whose work is included in several computer operating systems and embedded in game consoles, cell phones and other electronic devices.
The STIX Fonts project is a project sponsored by several leading scientific and technical publishers to provide, under royalty-free license, a comprehensive font set of mathematical symbols and alphabets, intended to serve the scientific and engineering community for electronic and print publication.
A swash is a typographical flourish, such as an exaggerated serif, terminal, tail, entry stroke, etc., on a glyph.
A tabloid is a newspaper with a compact page size smaller than broadsheet.
Text figures (also known as non-lining, lowercase, old style, ranging, hanging, medieval, billing, or antique figures or numerals) are numerals typeset with varying heights in a fashion that resembles a typical line of running text, hence the name.
The Penrose Annual was a London-based review of graphic arts, printed nearly annually from 1895 to 1982.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
The Times Literary Supplement (or TLS, on the front page from 1969) is a weekly literary review published in London by News UK, a subsidiary of News Corp.
Tom Vanderbilt (born 1968) is an American journalist, blogger, and author of the best-selling book, Traffic: Why We Drive the Way We Do (and What It Says About Us).
Type color is an element of typography that describes how dense or heavy the text appears on the page.
In typography, a typeface (also known as font family) is a set of one or more fonts each composed of glyphs that share common design features.
A typewriter is a mechanical or electromechanical machine for writing characters similar to those produced by printer's movable type.
In writing and typography, a ligature occurs where two or more graphemes or letters are joined as a single glyph.
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
A Unicode font is a computer font that maps glyphs to Unicode characters (i.e. the glyphs in the font can be accessed using code points defined in the Unicode Standard).
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
The University of Reading is a public university located in Reading, Berkshire, England.
URW Type Foundry GmbH is a typeface foundry based in Hamburg Germany.
Verdana is a humanist sans-serif typeface designed by Matthew Carter for Microsoft Corporation, with hand-hinting done by Thomas Rickner, then at Monotype.
Victor Lardent (1905–1968) was a British advertising designer and draftsman at The Times in London.
Walter Valentine Tracy RDI (14 February 1914 – 28 April 1995) was an English typographer and writer and designer of books, magazines, and newspapers.
A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web.
William Starling Burgess (December 25, 1878 – March 19, 1947) was an American yacht designer, aviation pioneer, and naval architect.
Windows 10 (codenamed Redstone, formerly Threshold) is a personal computer operating system developed and released by Microsoft, as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
Windows 3.1x (codenamed Janus) is a series of 16-bit operating environments produced by Microsoft for use on personal computers.
Windows Glyph List 4, or more commonly WGL4 for short, also known as the Pan-European character set, is a character repertoire on recent Microsoft operating systems comprising 656 Unicode characters.
Windows Vista (codenamed Longhorn) is an operating system by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs and media center PCs.
Woman's Home Companion was an American monthly magazine, published from 1873 to 1957.
A word processor is a computer program or device that provides for input, editing, formatting and output of text, often plus other features.
In typography, the x-height or corpus size is the distance between the baseline and the mean line of lower-case letters in a typeface.
Xerox Corporation (also known as Xerox, stylized as xerox since 2008, and previously as XEROX or XeroX from 1960 to 2008) is an American global corporation that sells print and digital document solutions, and document technology products in more than 160 countries.
The XITS font project is an OpenType implementation of STIX fonts version 1.x with math support for mathematical and scientific publishing.
CG Times, Claritas, Times (typeface), Times 4-line Mathematics Series 569, Times Classic, Times Eighteen, Times Europa, Times Europa Office, Times Millennium, Times Modern, Times New Roman WGL, Times New Roman World, Times New Roman font, Times Roman, Times Roman SC, Times Roman Ten, Times Roman font, Times Series 727, Times Series 827.