276 relations: A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, Abdul Hamid I, Agriculture, Alexander Beatson, Ali, Anglo-Mysore Wars, Angus Maddison, Arcot State, Arcot, Vellore, Auction, Austro-Turkish War (1716–1718), Balor, Bangalore, Bangalore Rural district, Barkur, Baron Munchausen, Battle of Abukir (1801), Battle of Pollilur (1780), Battle of Savanur, Battle of the Nedumkotta, Battle of the Nile, Beary, Bekal, Belthangady, Bengal Subah, Bharatiya Janata Party, Brahmin, British Empire, British Museum, Bucknell University Press, C. Hayavadana Rao, Cambridge University Press, Camphor, Captain Nemo, Carnatic region, Chamaraja Wodeyar IX, Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Chennai, Chirakkal Raja, Christian, Christian Friedrich Schwarz, Christianity, Civilization IV, Civilization Revolution, Coimbatore, Congreve rocket, Copper sheathing, Dachau concentration camp, Daijiworld Media, ..., Devanahalli, Dharma, Dharma Raja, Dhu al-Hijjah, Dulari Qureshi, Durrani Empire, Dutch Republic, East India Company, Economic history of India, Economy of the Kingdom of Mysore, Egypt, Equestrianism, Eunuch, Fathul Mujahidin, Fiqh, Firepower – The Royal Artillery Museum, First Anglo-Maratha War, First Anglo-Mysore War, Flintlock, Fourth Anglo-Mysore War, François Gautier, François-Paul Brueys d'Aigalliers, Francis Buchanan-Hamilton, French campaign in Egypt and Syria, French Directory, French First Republic, G. A. Henty, Gagra choli, Gajendragarh, Gangolli, Geary–Khamis dollar, Ghulam Muhammad Sultan Sahib, Girish Karnad, Gumbaz, Srirangapatna, Hamad bin Said, HarperCollins, Hector Munro, 8th laird of Novar, Highness, Hijri year, Hindu, Hinduism, Historical fiction, History of Kozhikode, Holy Cross Church, Hospet, Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, Hospet, Hyder Ali, Hyderabad, Indian National Congress, Iran, Irfan Habib, Islam, Islamic calendar, Isle de France (Mauritius), Istanbul, J. B. Prashant More, Jacobin Club of Mysore, Jamalabad, James Scurry, Jules Verne, Kadapa, Kafir, Kalale, Kallar (caste), Kanchipuram, Kannada, Karbala, Karkala, Karnataka, Kasaragod, Kingdom of Cochin, Kingdom of Mysore, Kochi, Kodagu district, Kodava Maaple, Kodava people, Kolkata, Krishnaraja Wadiyar III, Kurnool, Lakshmikanta Temple, Kalale, Lingam, Lingayatism, List of Muslim military leaders, Lok Sabha, Lunisolar calendar, Madhavrao I, Madhavrao II, Mahé, Puducherry, Malabar District, Malabar region, Mandya, Mangalore, Mangalorean Catholics, Mappila, Maratha, Maratha Empire, Maratha–Mysore War, Mark Wilks, Marquis de Bussy-Castelnau, Mauritius, Mavelikkara, Medina, Mestizo, Mir Ghulam Ali, Mohammad Ali Khan Zand, Moodabidri, Muezzin, Mughal emperors, Mughal Empire, Mughal weapons, Muharram, Mulki, India, Mumbai, Mysore, Mysore silk, Mysorean invasion of Kerala, Mysorean rockets, Nagara, Nair, Nair Brigade, Najaf, Napoleon, Napoleonic Wars, Naseem Hijazi, Nathuram Godse, Nawab, Nawayath, Nayakas of Keladi, Negro, Nizam Ali Khan, Asaf Jah II, Nizam of Hyderabad, Nizamabad district, Noor Inayat Khan, Oman, Omzoor, Order of the Star of India, Ottoman Empire, Oxford University Press, Per capita income, Persian language, Peshwa, Pierre André de Suffren, PNS Tippu Sultan, Pondicherry, Pound sterling, President of India, Project Gutenberg, Purnaiah, Quran, Raja, Raja Kesavadas, Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangapatna, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, Real wages, Regalia, Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley, Rocket artillery, Roman Catholic Diocese of Mangalore, Rudolf Erich Raspe, Russian Empire, Saint Thomas Christians, Sanjay Khan, Second Anglo-Mysore War, Selim III, Sepoy, Shah, Shah Alam II, Shamaiya Iyengar, Shankaracharya, Sharpe (novel series), Sharpe's Tiger, Siddaramaiah, Siege of Acre (1799), Siege of Adoni, Siege of Badami, Siege of Bahadur Benda, Siege of Bangalore, Siege of Coimbatore, Siege of Nargund, Siege of Seringapatam (1792), Siege of Seringapatam (1799), Siege of Tellicherry, Silk, Sir Thomas Munro, 1st Baronet, Sira, Karnataka, Sotheby's, South India, Special Operations Executive, Spittoon, Sringeri, Srirangapatna, Standard of living, Subsistence economy, Suez, Sultan, Taylor & Francis, Textile manufacturing, Thalassery, Thanjavur Maratha kingdom, The Dreams of Tipu Sultan, The Hindu, The Moonstone, The Mysterious Island, The Sword of Tipu Sultan, Third Anglo-Mysore War, Tipu Sultan, Tipu Sultan Mosque, Tipu's Tiger, Travancore, Travancore Fanam, Treaty of Mangalore, Treaty of Seringapatam, Ullal, Umdat ul-Umara, University of Michigan, Urdu, V. J. P. Saldanha, Victoria and Albert Museum, Vijay Mallya, Wadiyar dynasty, Walter Scott, Western Ghats, Wilkie Collins, Zaman Shah Durrani, Zand dynasty, Zenana. Expand index (226 more) » « Shrink index
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) was an Indian scientist who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. He was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu and studied physics and aerospace engineering. He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and was intimately involved in India's civilian space programme and military missile development efforts. He thus came to be known as the Missile Man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. He also played a pivotal organisational, technical, and political role in India's Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998, the first since the original nuclear test by India in 1974. Kalam was elected as the 11th President of India in 2002 with the support of both the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party and the then-opposition Indian National Congress. Widely referred to as the "People's President," he returned to his civilian life of education, writing and public service after a single term. He was a recipient of several prestigious awards, including the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour. While delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong, Kalam collapsed and died from an apparent cardiac arrest on 27 July 2015, aged 83. Thousands including national-level dignitaries attended the funeral ceremony held in his hometown of Rameshwaram, where he was buried with full state honours.
Abdülhamid I, Abdul Hamid I or Abd Al-Hamid I (عبد الحميد اول, `Abdü’l-Ḥamīd-i evvel; Birinci Abdülhamit; 20 March 1725 – 7 April 1789) was the 27th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, reigning over the Ottoman Empire from 1773 to 1789.
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
Alexander Beatson (1758–1830), was an officer in the East India Company's service, governor of St. Helena, and an experimental agriculturist.
Ali (ʿAlī) (15 September 601 – 29 January 661) was the cousin and the son-in-law of Muhammad, the last prophet of Islam.
The Anglo–Mysore Wars were a series of wars fought in over the last three decades of the 18th century between the Kingdom of Mysore on the one hand, and the British East India Company (represented chiefly by the Madras Presidency), and Maratha Confederacy and the Nizam of Hyderabad on the other.
Angus Maddison (6 December 1926 – 24 April 2010) was a British economist specialising in quantitative macroeconomic history, including the measurement and analysis of economic growth and development.
Nawabs of the Carnatic (also referred to as the Nawabs of Arcot) ruled the Carnatic region of South India between about 1690 and 1801.
Arcot is a town and urban of Vellore city in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
An auction is a process of buying and selling goods or services by offering them up for bid, taking bids, and then selling the item to the highest bidder.
The Austro-Turkish War was fought between Austria and the Ottoman Empire.
In Irish mythology, Balor (modern spelling: Balar) was king of the Fomorians, a group of supernatural beings.
Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.
Bengaluru Rural District is one of the 30 districts in Karnataka, India.
Barkur is a cluster of three villages, Hosala, Hanehalli, and Kachoor, in the Udupi district of Karnataka state in India.
Baron Munchausen is a fictional German nobleman created by the German writer Rudolf Erich Raspe in his 1785 book Baron Munchausen's Narrative of his Marvellous Travels and Campaigns in Russia.
The Battle of Abukir of 8 March 1801 was the second pitched battle of the French campaign in Egypt and Syria to be fought at Abu Qir on the Mediterranean coast, near the Nile Delta.
The Battle of Pollilur (a.k.a Pullalur), also known as the Battle of Polilore or Battle of Perambakam, took place on 10 September 1780 at Pollilur near Conjeevaram, the city of Kanchipuram in present-day Tamil Nadu state, India, as part of the Second Anglo-Mysore War.
The Battle of Savanur occurred between the forces of the Maratha Empire and the forces of the Kingdom of Mysore from September 1786 to October 1786.
The Battle of the Nedumkotta took place on 28 December 1789, and was a reason for the opening of hostilities in the Third Anglo-Mysore War.
The Battle of the Nile (also known as the Battle of Aboukir Bay; Bataille d'Aboukir) was a major naval battle fought between the British Royal Navy and the Navy of the French Republic at Aboukir Bay on the Mediterranean coast off the Nile Delta of Egypt from 1 to 3 August 1798.
The Beary (also known as Byari) is a community concentrated mostly along the southwest coast of India, in coastal Dakshina Kannada, a district in the South Indian state of Karnataka.
Bekal is a small town in the Kasaragod district on the West coast of the state of Kerala, India.
Belthangady is a town panchayat and headquarters(Taluk) in Dakshina Kannada (South Canara) district of Karnataka state in India.
The Bengal Subah was a subdivision of the Mughal Empire encompassing modern Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal between the 16th and 18th centuries.
The Bharatiya Janata Party (translation: Indian People's Party; BJP) is one of the two major political parties in India, along with the Indian National Congress.
Brahmin (Sanskrit: ब्राह्मण) is a varna (class) in Hinduism specialising as priests, teachers (acharya) and protectors of sacred learning across generations.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The British Museum, located in the Bloomsbury area of London, United Kingdom, is a public institution dedicated to human history, art and culture.
Bucknell University Press (BUP) was founded in 1968 as part of a consortium operated by Associated University Presses and is currently partnered with Rowman & Littlefield.
Rao Bahadur Conjeevaram Hayavadana Rao (10 July 1865 – 27 January 1946) was an Indian historian, museologist, anthropologist, economist and polyglot.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Camphor is a waxy, flammable, white or transparent solid with a strong aroma.
Captain Nemo—also known as Prince Dakkar—is a fictional character created by the French science fiction author Jules Verne (1828–1905).
The Carnatic region is the region of peninsular South India lying between the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats, in the modern Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and southern Andhra Pradesh.
Chamaraja Wodeyar IX (28 February 1774 – 17 April 1796) was the twenty-first maharaja of the Kingdom of Mysore from 1776 for two decades until 1796.
Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis KG, PC (31 December 1738 – 5 October 1805), styled Viscount Brome between 1753 and 1762 and known as The Earl Cornwallis between 1762 and 1792, was a British Army general and official.
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord (2 February 1754 – 17 May 1838), 1st Prince of Benevento, then 1st Prince of Talleyrand, was a laicized French bishop, politician, and diplomat.
Chennai (formerly known as Madras or) is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Chirakkal Raja (king of Chirakkal) is the title of the most senior king of the Chirakkal branch of the Palli division of the Kolathiri dynasty of the erstwhile feudal state of Kolathunadu in North Malabar, which is now a part of Kerala, South India.
A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
Christian Frederick(h) Schwarz (also Schwartz) (1726–1798) was a German Lutheran missionary to India.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Civilization IV (also known as Sid Meier's Civilization IV) is a turn-based strategy computer game and the fourth installment of the ''Civilization'' series.
Sid Meier's Civilization Revolution is a 4X turn-based strategy video game, developed in 2008 by Firaxis Games with Sid Meier as designer.
Coimbatore (Tamil: கோயம்புத்தூர்), also known as Kovai, is a major city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The Congreve rocket was a British military weapon designed and developed by Sir William Congreve in 1804, based directly on Mysorean rockets.
Copper sheathing is the practice of protecting the under-water hull of a ship or boat from the corrosive effects of salt water and biofouling through the use of copper plates affixed to the outside of the hull.
Dachau concentration camp (Konzentrationslager (KZ) Dachau) was the first of the Nazi concentration camps opened in Germany, intended to hold political prisoners.
Daijiworld Media is an Indian private limited media company, headquartered in Mangalore, that provides news services, including the web portal, www.daijiworld.com.
Devanahalli, also called "Devandahalli", "Dyaavandalli", Devanadoddi and Devanapura, is a town and Town Municipal Council in Bangalore Rural district in the state of Karnataka in India.
Dharma (dharma,; dhamma, translit. dhamma) is a key concept with multiple meanings in the Indian religions – Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism.
Dharma Raja Karthika Thirunal Rama Varma (ധർമ്മരാജാ കാർത്തിക തിരുനാൾ രാമവർമ്മ, 1724–17 Feb 1798) was the Maharajah of Travancore from 1758 until his death in 1798.
Dhu'l-Hijjah or alternatively Zulhijja (ذو الحجة; properly transliterated, also called Zil-Hajj) is the twelfth and final month in the Islamic calendar.
Dulari Qureshi is an academic from Aurangabad, Maharashtra.
The Durrani Empire (د درانیانو واکمني), also called the Afghan Empire (د افغانانو واکمني), was founded and built by Ahmad Shah Durrani.
The Dutch Republic was a republic that existed from the formal creation of a confederacy in 1581 by several Dutch provinces (which earlier seceded from the Spanish rule) until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.
The economic history of India is the story of India's evolution from a largely agricultural and trading society to a mixed economy of manufacturing and services while the majority still survives on agriculture.
The Kingdom of Mysore (Kannada ಮೈಸೂರು ಸಾಮ್ರಾಜ್ಯ) (1399 - 1947 CE) was a kingdom in southern India founded in 1399 by Yaduraya in the region of the modern city of Mysore, in the Karnataka state.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Equestrianism (from Latin equester, equestr-, equus, horseman, horse), more often known as riding, horse riding (British English) or horseback riding (American English), refers to the skill of riding, driving, steeplechasing or vaulting with horses.
The term eunuch (εὐνοῦχος) generally refers to a man who has been castrated, typically early enough in his life for this change to have major hormonal consequences.
Fathul Mujahidin is a military manual that was written by Zainul Abedin Shustari at the instruction of Tipu Sultan, a ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore, considered a pioneer in the use of rocket artillery.
Fiqh (فقه) is Islamic jurisprudence.
Firepower: The Royal Artillery Museum was a military museum in Woolwich in south-east London, England, which told the story of the Royal Artillery and of the Royal Arsenal.
The First Anglo-Maratha War (1775–1782) was the first of three Anglo-Maratha wars fought between the British East India Company and Maratha Empire in India.
The First Anglo–Mysore War (1766–1769) was a conflict in India between the Sultanate of Mysore and the East India Company.
Flintlock is a general term for any firearm that uses a flint striking ignition mechanism.
The Fourth Anglo–Mysore War was a conflict in South India between the Kingdom of Mysore against the British East India Company and the Hyderabad Deccan in 1798–99.
François Gautier (born 1950) is a French political writer and journalist based in India, since 1971.
Vice-Admiral François-Paul Brueys d'Aigalliers, Comte de Brueys (February 12, 1753 – August 1, 1798) was the French commander in the Battle of the Nile, in which the French Revolutionary Navy was defeated by Royal Navy forces under Admiral Horatio Nelson.
Dr Francis Buchanan FRS FRSE FLS FAS FSA DL (15 February 1762 – 15 June 1829), later known as Francis Hamilton but often referred to as Francis Buchanan-Hamilton, was a Scottish physician who made significant contributions as a geographer, zoologist, and botanist while living in India.
The French Campaign in Egypt and Syria (1798–1801) was Napoleon Bonaparte's campaign in the Ottoman territories of Egypt and Syria, proclaimed to defend French trade interests, weaken Britain's access to British India, and to establish scientific enterprise in the region.
The Directory or Directorate was a five-member committee which governed France from 1795, when it replaced the Committee of Public Safety.
In the history of France, the First Republic (French: Première République), officially the French Republic (République française), was founded on 22 September 1792 during the French Revolution.
George Alfred Henty (8 December 1832 – 16 November 1902) was a prolific English novelist and war correspondent.
Gagra choli or ghagra choli, which is also known as lehenga choli and locally as chaniya choli, is the traditional clothing of women from the Indian subcontinent, notable in Indian states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Jammu, as well as in Maithal/Bhojpuri speaking regions and the Khas people of Nepal.
Gajendragad Gajendragad (also called Gajendragarh) is a town and a taluk place in '''Gadag''' '''District''', Karnataka, India.
Gangolli (also Ganguli) is a village in Kundapur Taluk of Udupi district in Karnataka state.
The Geary–Khamis dollar, more commonly known as the international dollar (Int'l. dollar or Intl. dollar, abbreviation: Int'l$., Intl$. or Int$), is a hypothetical unit of currency that has the same purchasing power parity that the U.S. dollar had in the United States at a given point in time.
His Highness Prince Sahibzada Sayyid walShareef Sir Ghulam Muhammad Sultan Khan Sahib, (March 1795 in Shreerangapattam – 11 August 1872 in Russapagla, Calcutta) was the fourteenth son of Tipu Sultan.Deported to Calcutta in 1806 along with the remainder of his family seven years after the defeat and death of his father, he was eventually recognised by the Government of India as official head of the family and successor to his father.
Girish Raghunath Karnad (born 19 May 1938) is an Indian actor, film director, Kannada writer playwright and a Rhodes Scholar, who predominantly works in South Indian cinema and Bollywood.
The Gumbaz at Seringapatam is a Muslim mausoleum at the centre of a landscaped garden, holding the graves of Tippu Sultan, his father Hyder Ali, and his mother Fakr-Un-Nisa.
Hamad bin Said (died 1792) was Sultan of Oman, the third of the Al Said dynasty, ruling the country between 1786 and 1792.
HarperCollins Publishers L.L.C. is one of the world's largest publishing companies and is one of the Big Five English-language publishing companies, alongside Hachette, Macmillan, Penguin Random House, and Simon & Schuster.
General Sir Hector Munro, 8th laird of Novar KB (1726 – 27 December 1805) was a British soldier who became the ninth Commander-in-Chief of India (1764–1765).
Highness (abbreviation HH, oral address Your Highness) is a formal style used to address (in second person) or refer to (in third person) certain members of a reigning or formerly reigning dynasty.
The Hijri year (سَنة هِجْريّة) or era (التقويم الهجري at-taqwīm al-hijrī) is the era used in the Islamic lunar calendar, which begins its count from the Islamic New Year in 622 AD.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
Historical fiction is a literary genre in which the plot takes place in a setting located in the past.
Kozhikode (Malayalam:കോഴിക്കോട്), also known as Calicut, is a city in the southern Indian state of Kerala.
The Church of Holy Cross of Hospet (Igreja da Santa Cruz Hospet) in Dakshina Kannada, is one of the ancient churches in the Mangalore Diocese of India.
Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, 1st Duke of Bronté, (29 September 1758 – 21 October 1805) was a British flag officer in the Royal Navy.
Hospet, officially Hosapete, is a city in Bellary District in central Karnataka, India.
Hyder Ali Khan, Haidarālī (c. 1720 – 7 December 1782) was the Sultan and de facto ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore in southern India.
Hyderabad is the capital of the Indian state of Telangana and de jure capital of Andhra Pradesh.
The Indian National Congress (INC, often called Congress Party) is a broadly based political party in India.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Irfan Habib (born 1931) is an Indian historian of ancient and medieval India, following the approach of Marxist historiography.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
The Islamic, Muslim, or Hijri calendar (التقويم الهجري at-taqwīm al-hijrī) is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 months in a year of 354 or 355 days.
Isle de France (Île de France in modern French) was the name of the Indian Ocean island of Mauritius and its dependent territories between 1715 and 1810, when the area was under the French East India Company and part of France's empire.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
Jean-Baptiste Prashant More (Tamil:ஜான் பாப்டிஸ்ட் பிரசாந்த் மொரே), also known as (J B Prashant More, JBP More) (Tamil:ஜே பி பிரசாந்த் மொரே, ஜே பி பி மொரே) is a Tamil born French Historian, Author and Teacher.
The Jacobin Club of Mysore was the first Revolutionary Republican organization to be formed in India.
Jamalabad Fort is an old hilltop fortification in Killoor road, Belthangady, Dakshina Kannada District, Karnataka, India.
James Scurry (1766–1822) was a British soldier and memoirist.
Jules Gabriel Verne (Longman Pronunciation Dictionary.; 8 February 1828 – 24 March 1905) was a French novelist, poet, and playwright.
Kadapa (formerly known as Cuddapah) is a city in the Rayalseema region of the south-central part of Andhra Pradesh, India and also called as "Heart of Rayalaseema".
Kafir (كافر; plural كَافِرُونَ, كفّار or كَفَرَة; feminine كافرة) is an Arabic term (from the root K-F-R "to cover") meaning "unbeliever", or "disbeliever".
Kalale is a village in the southern state of Karnataka, India.
The Kallar (or Kallan, formerly spelled as Colleries) are one of the three related castes of southern India which constitute the Mukkulathor confederacy.
Kanchipuram also known as Kānchi is a city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu in Tondaimandalam region, from Chennaithe capital of Tamil Nadu.
Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Kannada people in India, mainly in the state of Karnataka, and by significant linguistic minorities in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Kerala, Goa and abroad.
Karbala (كَرْبَلَاء, Karbalā’, Persian: کربلاء) is a city in central Iraq, located about southwest of Baghdad, and a few miles east of Lake Milh.
Karkala is a town and the headquarters of Karkala taluk in the Udupi district of Karnataka, India.
Karnataka also known Kannada Nadu is a state in the south western region of India.
Kasaragod is a municipal town and the district headquarters of Kasaragod district of Kerala state in India.
Kingdom of Cochin (also known as Perumpadappu Swaroopam, Mada-rajyam, or Kuru Swaroopam; Kocci or Perumpaṭappu) was a late medieval Hindu kingdom and later princely state on the Malabar Coast, South India.
The Kingdom of Mysore was a kingdom in southern India, traditionally believed to have been founded in 1399 in the vicinity of the modern city of Mysore.
Kochi, also known as Cochin, is a major port city on the south-west coast of India bordering the Laccadive Sea.
Kodagu is an administrative district in Karnataka, India.
The Kodava Maaple, also known as Jamma Maaple, is a Muslim community residing in Kodagu district of Karnataka in southern India.
The term Kodava (ಕೊಡವ) has two related usages.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
Maharaja Krishnaraja Wadiyar III (Sriman Rajadhiraja Raja Parameshvara Praudha-pratapa Apratima-vira Narapati Birud-antembara-ganda Maharaja Sir Krishnaraja Wadiyar III Bahadur; ಮುಮ್ಮಡಿ ಕೃಷ್ಣರಾಜ ಒಡೆಯರ್; 14 July 1794 – 27 March 1868) was the twenty-second maharaja of the Kingdom of Mysore.
Kurnool is the headquarters of Kurnool district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
The Lakshmikanta Temple is a Hindu (Vaishnava) temple in Kalale, a village in the Nanjangud taluk of the Mysore district, Karnataka state, India.
Lingam (Sanskrit: लिंगम्,, lit. "sign, symbol or mark"; also linga, Shiva linga), is an abstract or aniconic representation of the Hindu deity Shiva, used for worship in temples, smaller shrines, or as self-manifested natural objects.
Lingayatism is a Shaivite religious tradition in India.
Entries in this chronological list of Muslim military leaders are accompanied by dates of birth and death, branch of Islam, country of birth, field of study, campaigns fought and a short biographical description.
The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the lower house of India's bicameral Parliament, with the upper house being the Rajya Sabha.
A lunisolar calendar is a calendar in many cultures whose date indicates both the moon phase and the time of the solar year.
Madhav Rao I (February 14, 1745 – November 18, 1772) was the fourth Peshwa of the Maratha Empire.
Peshwa Madhav Rao II (18 April 1774 – 27 October 1795) (a.k.a. Sawai Madhavrao Peshwa or Madhav Rao II Narayan) was Peshwa of the Maratha Empire in India, from his infancy.
Mahé, natively known as Mayyazhi, is a small town at the mouth of the Mahé River and is surrounded on all sides by the State of Kerala.
Malabar District was an administrative district of Madras Presidency in British India and independent India's Madras State.
Malabar region refers to the historic and geographic area of southwest India covering the state of Kerala's present day Kasaragod, Kannur, Kozhikode, Wayanad, Malappuram and Palakkad Districts.
Mandya is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka.
Mangalore, officially known as Mangaluru, is the chief port city of the Indian state of Karnataka.
Mangalorean Catholics (Konkani: Kodialchein Katholik) are an ethno-religious community of Catholics following the Latin Rite from the Mangalore Diocese (erstwhile South Canara district) on the southwestern coast of Karnataka, India.
Mappila, also known as a Mappila Muslim, formerly romanized as Moplah and historically as Jonaka Mappila, in general, is a member of the Muslim community of the same nameMiller, E. Roland.
The Maratha (IAST:Marāṭhā; archaically transliterated as Marhatta or Mahratta) is a group of castes in India found predominantly in the state of Maharashtra.
The Maratha Empire or the Maratha Confederacy was an Indian power that dominated much of the Indian subcontinent in the 17th and 18th century.
The Maratha–Mysore War was a conflict in the 18th century India, between the Maratha Empire and the Kingdom of Mysore.
Colonel Mark Wilks (1759–1831) was a Manx soldier, historian and East India Company administrator who worked in southern India principally in the princely state of Mysore.
Charles Joseph Patissier, Marquis de Bussy-Castelnau (1718 – 7 January 1785) or Charles Joseph Patissier de Bussy was the Governor General of the French colony of Pondicherry from 1783 to 1785.
Mauritius (or; Maurice), officially the Republic of Mauritius (République de Maurice), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about off the southeast coast of the African continent.
Mavelikara is a taluk and municipality in the Alappuzha district of the Indian state of Kerala.
Medina (المدينة المنورة,, "the radiant city"; or المدينة,, "the city"), also transliterated as Madīnah, is a city in the Hejaz region of the Arabian Peninsula and administrative headquarters of the Al-Madinah Region of Saudi Arabia.
Mestizo is a term traditionally used in Spain, Latin America, and the Philippines that originally referred a person of combined European and Native American descent, regardless of where the person was born.
Mir Ghulam Ali Khan was an official and senior military commander (vakil and ''sirdar'') of the Tipu Sultan.
Mohammad Ali Khan Zand (محمد علی خان زند, Moḥammad ‘Alī Khān Zand; 1779) was the second shah of the Zand dynasty, ruling from March 6, 1779 until June 19, 1779.
Moodabidri (also called Mudbidri, Moodbidre and Bedra), is a town in Dakshina Kannada district.
A muezzin (müezzin from مؤذن) is the person appointed at a mosque to lead and recite the call to prayer for every event of prayer and worship in the mosque.
The Mughal emperors, from the early 16th century to the early 18th century, built and ruled the Mughal Empire on the Indian subcontinent, mainly corresponding to the modern countries of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh.
The Mughal Empire (گورکانیان, Gūrkāniyān)) or Mogul Empire was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526. It was established and ruled by a Muslim dynasty with Turco-Mongol Chagatai roots from Central Asia, but with significant Indian Rajput and Persian ancestry through marriage alliances; only the first two Mughal emperors were fully Central Asian, while successive emperors were of predominantly Rajput and Persian ancestry. The dynasty was Indo-Persian in culture, combining Persianate culture with local Indian cultural influences visible in its traits and customs. The Mughal Empire at its peak extended over nearly all of the Indian subcontinent and parts of Afghanistan. It was the second largest empire to have existed in the Indian subcontinent, spanning approximately four million square kilometres at its zenith, after only the Maurya Empire, which spanned approximately five million square kilometres. The Mughal Empire ushered in a period of proto-industrialization, and around the 17th century, Mughal India became the world's largest economic power, accounting for 24.4% of world GDP, and the world leader in manufacturing, producing 25% of global industrial output up until the 18th century. The Mughal Empire is considered "India's last golden age" and one of the three Islamic Gunpowder Empires (along with the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia). The beginning of the empire is conventionally dated to the victory by its founder Babur over Ibrahim Lodi, the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, in the First Battle of Panipat (1526). The Mughal emperors had roots in the Turco-Mongol Timurid dynasty of Central Asia, claiming direct descent from both Genghis Khan (founder of the Mongol Empire, through his son Chagatai Khan) and Timur (Turco-Mongol conqueror who founded the Timurid Empire). During the reign of Humayun, the successor of Babur, the empire was briefly interrupted by the Sur Empire. The "classic period" of the Mughal Empire started in 1556 with the ascension of Akbar the Great to the throne. Under the rule of Akbar and his son Jahangir, the region enjoyed economic progress as well as religious harmony, and the monarchs were interested in local religious and cultural traditions. Akbar was a successful warrior who also forged alliances with several Hindu Rajput kingdoms. Some Rajput kingdoms continued to pose a significant threat to the Mughal dominance of northwestern India, but most of them were subdued by Akbar. All Mughal emperors were Muslims; Akbar, however, propounded a syncretic religion in the latter part of his life called Dīn-i Ilāhī, as recorded in historical books like Ain-i-Akbari and Dabistān-i Mazāhib. The Mughal Empire did not try to intervene in the local societies during most of its existence, but rather balanced and pacified them through new administrative practices and diverse and inclusive ruling elites, leading to more systematic, centralised, and uniform rule. Traditional and newly coherent social groups in northern and western India, such as the Maratha Empire|Marathas, the Rajputs, the Pashtuns, the Hindu Jats and the Sikhs, gained military and governing ambitions during Mughal rule, which, through collaboration or adversity, gave them both recognition and military experience. The reign of Shah Jahan, the fifth emperor, between 1628 and 1658, was the zenith of Mughal architecture. He erected several large monuments, the best known of which is the Taj Mahal at Agra, as well as the Moti Masjid, Agra, the Red Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Jama Masjid, Delhi, and the Lahore Fort. The Mughal Empire reached the zenith of its territorial expanse during the reign of Aurangzeb and also started its terminal decline in his reign due to Maratha military resurgence under Category:History of Bengal Category:History of West Bengal Category:History of Bangladesh Category:History of Kolkata Category:Empires and kingdoms of Afghanistan Category:Medieval India Category:Historical Turkic states Category:Mongol states Category:1526 establishments in the Mughal Empire Category:1857 disestablishments in the Mughal Empire Category:History of Pakistan.
Mughal weapons significantly evolved during the ruling periods of Babur, Akbar, Aurangzeb and Tipu Sultan.
Muḥarram (مُحَرَّم) is the first month of the Islamic calendar.
Mulki is a panchayat town located at Mangalore taluk in Dakshina Kannada district in the Indian state of Karnataka.
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Mysore, officially Mysuru, is the third most populous city in the state of Karnataka, India.
Karnataka produces 9,000 metric tons of mulberry silk of a total of 14,000 metric tons produced in the country, thus contributing to nearly 70% of the country's total mulberry silk.
The Mysorean invasion of Kerala (1766 –1792) was the military invasion of Malabar (northern Kerala), including the territories of the Zamorin of Calicut, by the Muslim de facto ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore Hyder Ali.
Mysorean rockets were the first iron-cased rockets successfully deployed for military use.
Nagara is a historic village in the Shimoga district of the state of Karnataka, India.
The Nair, also known as Nayar, are a group of Indian castes, described by anthropologist Kathleen Gough as "not a unitary group but a named category of castes".
The Nair Brigade was the army of the erstwhile kingdom of Travancore in India.
Najaf (اَلـنَّـجَـف; BGN: An-Najaf) or An Najaf Al Ashraf (النّجف الأشرف) is a city in central-south Iraq about 160 km (100 mi) south of Baghdad.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.
Sharif Hussain (Urdu), who used the pseudonym Nasīm Hijāzī (Urdu:, commonly transliterated as Naseem Hijazi or Nasim Hijazi) (c. 1914–2 March 1996), was an Urdu novelist.
Nathuram Vinayak Godse (19 May 1910 – 15 November 1949) was a right-wing advocate of Hindu nationalism who assassinated Mahatma Gandhi in New Delhi on 30 January 1948.
Nawab (Eastern Nagari: নবাব/নওয়াব, Devanagari: नवाब/नबाब, Perso-Arab: نواب) also spelt Nawaab, Navaab, Navab, Nowab The title nawab was also awarded as a personal distinction by the paramount power, similarly to a British peerage, to persons and families who never ruled a princely state.
The Nawayath (also spelled Navayath and Nawayat) are an Indian Muslim community concentrated mostly in the state of Karnataka, and in southern Maharashtra and some parts of Tamil Nadu.
Nayakas of Keladi, also known as Nayakas of Bednore and Kings of Ikkeri (1499–1763), were an Indian dynasty based from Keladi in Shimoga district, Karnataka, India.
Negro (plural Negroes) is an archaic term traditionally used to denote persons considered to be of Negroid heritage.
Nawab Mir Nizam Ali Khan Siddiqi Bayafandi Bahadur Asaf Jah II (7 March 1734 – 6 August 1803) was the Nizam of Hyderabad State in South India between 1762 and 1803.
The Nizam of Hyderabad (Nizam-ul-Mulk, also known as Asaf Jah) was a monarch of the Hyderabad State, now divided into Telangana state, Hyderabad-Karnataka region of Karnataka and Marathwada region of Maharashtra.
Nizamabad District is located in the north-western region in the Indian state of Telangana.
Noor-un-Nisa Inayat Khan, GC (1 January 1914 – 13 September 1944), aka Nora Inayat-Khan, was a British heroine of World War II renowned for her service in the Special Operations Executive.
Oman (عمان), officially the Sultanate of Oman (سلطنة عُمان), is an Arab country on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia.
Omzoor is situated at a distance of 14 km from Mangalore to the north east and is surrounded by Neermarga, Belloor, Modankap, Fermai parishes.
The Most Exalted Order of the Star of India is an order of chivalry founded by Queen Victoria in 1861.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Per capita income or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area (city, region, country, etc.) in a specified year.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
A Peshwa was the equivalent of a modern Prime Minister in the Maratha Empire.
Admiral comte Pierre André de Suffren de Saint Tropez, bailli de Suffren (17 July 1729 – 8 December 1788), French admiral.
PNS Tippu Sultan may refer to one of the following ships of the Pakistan Navy.
Pondicherry (or; French: Pondichéry) is the capital city and the largest city of the Indian union territory of Puducherry.
The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.
The President of the Republic of India is the head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.
Project Gutenberg (PG) is a volunteer effort to digitize and archive cultural works, to "encourage the creation and distribution of eBooks".
Purnaiah (Purniya) (1746 - 27 March 1812), aka Krishnacharya Purniya or Mir Miran Purniya was the Dewan of Mysore.
The Quran (القرآن, literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanized Qur'an or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (Allah).
Raja (also spelled rajah, from Sanskrit राजन्), is a title for a monarch or princely ruler in South and Southeast Asia.
Raja Kesavadas (1745-1799; Sanskrit) was the Dewan of Travancore during the reign of Dharma Raja Karthika Thirunal Rama Varma.He is well known for his planning skills and administrative acumen.He was the master mind in developing the Alappuzha town.
The Ranganthaswamy temple (usually referred to as "Sri Ranganathaswamy") in Srirangapatna, in the Mandya district of Karnataka state, India, is dedicated to the Hindu god Ranganatha (a manifestation of the god Vishnu).
Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, abbreviated as RSS (Rāṣṭrīya Svayamsēvaka Saṅgha, IPA:, lit. "National Volunteer Organisation" or "National Patriotic Organisation"), is an Indian right-wing, Hindu nationalist, paramilitary volunteer organisation that is widely regarded as the parent organisation of the ruling party of India, the Bharatiya Janata Party.
Real wages are wages adjusted for inflation, or, equivalently, wages in terms of the amount of goods and services that can be bought.
Regalia is Latin plurale tantum for the privileges and the insignia characteristic of a sovereign.
Richard Colley Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley (20 June 1760 – 26 September 1842) was an Irish and British politician and colonial administrator.
Rocket artillery is a type of artillery equipped with rocket launchers instead of conventional guns or mortars.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Mangalore (Diocesis Mangalorensis) is a diocese located in the city of Mangalore in the Ecclesiastical province of Bangalore in India.
Rudolf Erich Raspe (March 1736 – 16 November 1794) was a German librarian, writer, and scientist, called by his biographer John Carswell a "rogue".
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
The Saint Thomas Christians, also called Syrian Christians of India, Nasrani or Malankara Nasrani or Nasrani Mappila, Nasraya and in more ancient times Essani (Essene) are an ethnoreligious community of Malayali Syriac Christians from Kerala, India, who trace their origins to the evangelistic activity of Thomas the Apostle in the 1st century.
Sanjay Khan (born 3 January 1941) is an Indian film actor, producer, director known for his works in Hindi cinema and television.
The Second Anglo–Mysore War was a conflict between the Kingdom of Mysore and the British East India Company from 1780 to 1784.
Selim III (Ottoman Turkish: سليم ثالث Selīm-i sālis) (24 December 1761 – 28 July 1808) was the reform-minded Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1789 to 1807.
A sepoy was formerly the designation given to an Indian soldier.
Shah (Šāh, pronounced, "king") is a title given to the emperors, kings, princes and lords of Iran (historically also known as Persia).
Ali Gauhar (25 June 1728 – 19 November 1806), historically known as Shah Alam II, was the sixteenth Mughal Emperor and the son of Alamgir II.
Shamaiya Iyengar (Shama Iyengar) popularly known as Anche Shamaiya, son of Vasudeva Iyengar, was the minister of the police and the post office (also served as the intelligence department) during the time of Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan.
The four main Shankaracharya Mathas/Peethas are listed in the following table.
Sharpe is a series of historical fiction stories by Bernard Cornwell centered on the character of Richard Sharpe.
Sharpe's Tiger is the first historical novel in the Richard Sharpe series by Bernard Cornwell and was first published in 1997. Sharpe is a private in the British army serving in India at Seringapatam.
Siddaramaiah (born 12 August 1948) is an Indian politician and was the 22nd Chief Minister of Karnataka from 2013 to 2018.
The Siege of Acre of 1799 was an unsuccessful French siege of the Ottoman-defended, walled city of Acre (now Akko in modern Israel) and was the turning point of Napoleon's invasion of Egypt and Syria.
The Siege of Adoni occurred between the forces of Tipu Sultan of the Kingdom of Mysore and the Maratha Empire allied with the Nizam of Hyderabad.
The Siege of Badami (1-20 May 1786) was conducted by forces of the Maratha Empire and the Nizam of Hyderabad against a Mysorean garrison at Badami, a fortified town in present-day northern Karnataka in India, during the Maratha-Mysore War.
The Siege of Bahadur Benda happened between the forces of Tipu Sultan of Mysore and the Maratha forces of Haripant.
The Siege of Bangalore was a siege of the town and fortifications of Bangalore during the Third Anglo-Mysore War by forces of the British East India Company, led by Charles, Earl Cornwallis against a Mysorean garrison, while Tipu Sultan, Mysore's ruler, harried the camps and positions of the besiegers.
The Siege of Coimbatore was a siege conducted by forces of the Kingdom of Mysore against a garrison of British East India Company and Travancore troops holding the fortress at Coimbatore in southern India during the Third Anglo-Mysore War.
The Siege of Nargund occurred when the Kingdom of Mysore sent its General, Burhanuddin to besiege Nargund.
The 1792 Siege of Seringapatam was a battle and siege of the Mysorean capital city of Seringapatam (Srirangapatna) at the end of the Third Anglo-Mysore War.
The Siege of Seringapatam (5 April – 4 May 1799) was the final confrontation of the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War between the British East India Company and the Kingdom of Mysore.
The Siege of Tellicherry was a military embargo that happened in Thalassery (North Malabar).
Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.
Major-general Sir Thomas Munro, 1st Baronet KCB (27 May 1761 – 6 July 1827) was a Scottish soldier and colonial administrator.
Sira is a City and taluk headquarters of Sira Taluk of Tumakuru district in the state of Karnataka, India.
Sotheby's is a British founded, American multinational corporation headquartered in New York City.
South India is the area encompassing the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana as well as the union territories of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Puducherry, occupying 19% of India's area.
The Special Operations Executive (SOE) was a British World War II organisation.
A spittoon (or spitoon) is a receptacle made for spitting into, especially by users of chewing and dipping tobacco.
Sringeri also called Sri Kshetra Shringeri is a hill town and Taluk headquarters located in Chikkamagaluru district in the state of Karnataka, It is the site of the first maṭha (Sringeri Sharada Peetham) established by Adi Shankara, Hindu theologian and exponent of the Advaita Vedanta philosophy, in the 8th century CE It is located on the banks of the river Tungā.
Srirangapatna (also spelled Shrirangapattana; anglicized to Seringapatam during the British Raj) is a town in Mandya district of the Indian state of Karnataka.
Standard of living refers to the level of wealth, comfort, material goods, and necessities available to a certain socioeconomic class in a certain geographic area, usually a country.
A subsistence economy is a non-monetary economy which relies on natural resources to provide for basic needs, through hunting, gathering, and subsistence agriculture.
Suez (السويس; Egyptian Arabic) is a seaport city (population ca. 497,000) in north-eastern Egypt, located on the north coast of the Gulf of Suez (a branch of the Red Sea), near the southern terminus of the Suez Canal, having the same boundaries as Suez governorate.
Sultan (سلطان) is a position with several historical meanings.
Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in England that publishes books and academic journals.
Textile manufacturing is a major industry.
Thalassery formerly Tellicherry is a commercial city on the Malabar Coast in Kannur district, in the state of Kerala, India, bordered by the districts of Mahé (Pondicherry), Kozhikode, Wayanad, Kasaragod and Kodagu (Karnataka).
The Thanjavur Maratha kingdom of the Bhonsle dynasty was a principality of Tamil Nadu between the 17th and 19th centuries.
Tipu Sultan Kanda Kanasu (English: The Dreams of Tipu Sultan) is a 1997 Kannada play written by Indian playwright Girish Karnad.
The Hindu is an Indian daily newspaper, headquartered at Chennai.
The Moonstone (1868) by Wilkie Collins is a 19th-century British epistolary novel.
The Mysterious Island (L'Île mystérieuse) is a novel by Jules Verne, published in 1874.
The Sword of Tipu Sultan is an Indian historical drama that was first broadcast on the DD National in 1990.
The Third Anglo–Mysore War (1790–1792) was a conflict in South India between the Kingdom of Mysore and the East India Company and its allies, including the Maratha Empire and the Nizam of Hyderabad.
Tipu Sultan (born Sultan Fateh Ali Sahab Tipu, 20 November 1750 – 4 May 1799), also known as the Tipu Sahib, was a ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore.
The Tipu Sultan Shahi Mosque (also known as Tipu Sultan Masjid) is a famous mosque in Kolkata, India.
Tipu's Tiger or Tippu's Tiger is an eighteenth-century automaton or mechanical toy created for Tipu Sultan, the ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore in India.
The Kingdom of Travancore was an Indian kingdom from 1729 until 1949.
The Travancore Fanam was a type of money that was issued by the State of Travancore, now mainly a part of Kerala in South India.
The Treaty of Mangalore was signed between Tipu Sultan and the British East India Company on 11 March 1784.
The Treaty of Sri ranga pattanam (also called Srirangapatinam), signed 18 March 1792, ended the Third Anglo-Mysore War.
Ullal (ಉಳ್ಳಾಲ, ಉಳ್ಳಾಲ Uḷḷāla, Beary dialect: ಉಳ್ಳಾಲ, Konkani language: ಉಳ್ಳಾಲ) is a City Municipality in Mangalore Taluk in Dakshina Kannada district.
Ghulam Husain Ali Khan (8 January 1748 – 15 July 1801) aka Ghulam Hussainy or Umdat ul-Umra, was the Nawab of the Carnatic state in the Mughal Empire from 1795 to 1801.
The University of Michigan (UM, U-M, U of M, or UMich), often simply referred to as Michigan, is a public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language.
Vincent John Peter Saldanha (Kannada); 9 June 1925 – 22 February 2000) was an Indian Konkani language littérateur, dramatist, novelist, short-story writer and poet.
The Victoria and Albert Museum (often abbreviated as the V&A) in London is the world's largest museum of decorative arts and design, housing a permanent collection of over 2.3 million objects.
Vijay Vittal Mallya (born 18 December 1955) is an Indian businessman and former politician who is the subject of an extradition effort to try to force his return from the UK to India to face charges of financial crimes.
The Wadiyar (alternatively spelt Wodeyer or Odeyer) dynasty was a Hindu dynasty in Indian subcontinent that ruled the Kingdom of Mysore from 1399 to 1950, with a brief interruption in the late 1700s.
Sir Walter Scott, 1st Baronet (15 August 1771 – 21 September 1832) was a Scottish historical novelist, playwright, poet and historian.
Western Ghats also known as Sahyadri (Benevolent Mountains) is a mountain range that runs parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, located entirely in India.
William Wilkie Collins (8 January 1824 – 23 September 1889) was an English novelist, playwright, and short story writer.
Shah Zaman Durrani, (Pashto, Persian, Urdu, Arabic), (c. 1770 – 1844) was ruler of the Durrani Empire from 1793 until 1800.
The Zand dynasty (سلسله زندیه) was an Iranian dynasty of Lak a branch of Lurs origin founded by Karim Khan Zand that initially ruled southern and central Iran in the 18th century.
Zenana (زنانه, زنانہ, ज़नाना), literally meaning "of the women" or "pertaining to women," contextually refers to the part of a house belonging to a Hindu or Muslim family in South Asia which is reserved for the women of the household.