78 relations: Animal locomotion, Basal lamina, Biology, Blood vessel, Brain, Cardiac muscle, Cell (biology), Cell nucleus, Cellular differentiation, Cellulose, Central nervous system, Connective tissue, Cranial nerves, Cytoplasm, Digestion, Dorothea Pertz, Ectoderm, Electron microscope, Endoderm, Endothelium, Epidermis (botany), Epithelium, Excretion, Extracellular matrix, Force, Gastrointestinal tract, Gland, Ground tissue, Heart, Histology, Histopathology, Human body, Immunofluorescence, Laser capture microdissection, Leaf, Lignin, Marie François Xavier Bichat, Medical diagnosis, Meristem, Mesoderm, Microscope, Microtome, Monocotyledon, Motion (physics), Motor neuron, Muscle tissue, Myocyte, Nervous tissue, Organ (anatomy), Parenchyma, ..., Pectin, Peripheral nervous system, Phloem, Photosynthesis, Plant anatomy, Plant stem cell, Polygon, Prognosis, Protoplasm, Reproductive system, Respiratory tract, Secretion, Sieve tube element, Skeletal muscle, Skin, Smooth muscle tissue, Spinal cord, Spinal nerve, Staining, Subcutaneous tissue, Tight junction, Tissue microarray, Tissue stress, Trachea, Vascular cambium, Vascular plant, Vascular tissue, Xylem. Expand index (28 more) » « Shrink index
Animal locomotion, in ethology, is any of a variety of movements or methods that animals use to move from one place to another.
The basal lamina is a layer of extracellular matrix secreted by the epithelial cells, on which the epithelium sits.
Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.
The blood vessels are the part of the circulatory system, and microcirculation, that transports blood throughout the human body.
The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals.
Cardiac muscle (heart muscle) is one of the three major types of muscle, the others being skeletal and smooth muscle.
The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.
In cell biology, the nucleus (pl. nuclei; from Latin nucleus or nuculeus, meaning kernel or seed) is a membrane-enclosed organelle found in eukaryotic cells.
In developmental biology, cellular differentiation is the process where a cell changes from one cell type to another.
Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.
The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.
Connective tissue (CT) is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with epithelial tissue, muscle tissue, and nervous tissue.
Cranial nerves are the nerves that emerge directly from the brain (including the brainstem), in contrast to spinal nerves (which emerge from segments of the spinal cord).
In cell biology, the cytoplasm is the material within a living cell, excluding the cell nucleus.
Digestion is the breakdown of large insoluble food molecules into small water-soluble food molecules so that they can be absorbed into the watery blood plasma.
Dorothea Frances Matilda "Dora" Pertz FLS (14 March 1859 – 6 March 1939) was a British botanist.
Ectoderm is one of the three primary germ layers in the very early embryo.
An electron microscope is a microscope that uses a beam of accelerated electrons as a source of illumination.
Endoderm is one of the three primary germ layers in the very early embryo.
Endothelium refers to cells that line the interior surface of blood vessels and lymphatic vessels, forming an interface between circulating blood or lymph in the lumen and the rest of the vessel wall.
The word'epidermis' is a single layer of cells that covers the leaves, flowers, roots and stems of plants.
Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue.
Excretion is the process by which metabolic waste is eliminated from an organism.
In biology, the extracellular matrix (ECM) is a collection of extracellular molecules secreted by support cells that provides structural and biochemical support to the surrounding cells.
In physics, a force is any interaction that, when unopposed, will change the motion of an object.
The gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract, digestional tract, GI tract, GIT, gut, or alimentary canal) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces.
A gland is a group of cells in an animal's body that synthesizes substances (such as hormones) for release into the bloodstream (endocrine gland) or into cavities inside the body or its outer surface (exocrine gland).
The ground tissue of plants includes all tissues that are neither dermal nor vascular.
The heart is a muscular organ in most animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system.
Histology, also microanatomy, is the study of the anatomy of cells and tissues of plants and animals using microscopy.
Histopathology (compound of three Greek words: ἱστός histos "tissue", πάθος pathos "suffering", and -λογία -logia "study of") refers to the microscopic examination of tissue in order to study the manifestations of disease.
The human body is the entire structure of a human being.
Immunofluorescence is a technique used for light microscopy with a fluorescence microscope and is used primarily on microbiological samples.
Laser capture microdissection (LCM), also called microdissection, laser microdissection (LMD), or laser-assisted microdissection (LMD or LAM), is a method for isolating specific cells of interest from microscopic regions of tissue/cells/organisms (dissection on a microscopic scale with the help of a laser).
A leaf is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem.
Lignin is a class of complex organic polymers that form important structural materials in the support tissues of vascular plants and some algae. Lignins are particularly important in the formation of cell walls, especially in wood and bark, because they lend rigidity and do not rot easily. Chemically, lignins are cross-linked phenolic polymers.
Marie François Xavier Bichat (14 November 1771 – 22 July 1802) was a French anatomist and pathologist, known as the father of histology.
Medical diagnosis (abbreviated Dx or DS) is the process of determining which disease or condition explains a person's symptoms and signs.
A meristem is the tissue in most plants containing undifferentiated cells (meristematic cells), found in zones of the plant where growth can take place.
In all bilaterian animals, the mesoderm is one of the three primary germ layers in the very early embryo.
A microscope (from the μικρός, mikrós, "small" and σκοπεῖν, skopeîn, "to look" or "see") is an instrument used to see objects that are too small to be seen by the naked eye.
A microtome (from the Greek mikros, meaning "small", and temnein, meaning "to cut") is a tool used to cut extremely thin slices of material, known as sections.
Monocotyledons, commonly referred to as monocots, (Lilianae sensu Chase & Reveal) are flowering plants (angiosperms) whose seeds typically contain only one embryonic leaf, or cotyledon.
In physics, motion is a change in position of an object over time.
A motor neuron (or motoneuron) is a neuron whose cell body is located in the motor cortex, brainstem or the spinal cord, and whose axon (fiber) projects to the spinal cord or outside of the spinal cord to directly or indirectly control effector organs, mainly muscles and glands.
Muscle tissue is a soft tissue that composes muscles in animal bodies, and gives rise to muscles' ability to contract.
A myocyte (also known as a muscle cell) is the type of cell found in muscle tissue.
Nervous tissue or nerve tissue is the main tissue component of the two parts of the nervous system; the brain and spinal cord of the central nervous system (CNS), and the branching peripheral nerves of the peripheral nervous system (PNS), which regulates and controls bodily functions and activity.
Organs are collections of tissues with similar functions.
Parenchyma is the bulk of a substance.
Pectin (from πηκτικός, "congealed, curdled") is a structural heteropolysaccharide contained in the primary cell walls of terrestrial plants.
The peripheral nervous system (PNS) is one of the two components of the nervous system, the other part is the central nervous system (CNS).
In vascular plants, phloem is the living tissue that transports the soluble organic compounds made during photosynthesis and known as photosynthates, in particular the sugar sucrose, to parts of the plant where needed.
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities (energy transformation).
Plant anatomy or phytotomy is the general term for the study of the internal structure of plants.
Plant stem cells are innately undifferentiated cells located in the meristems of plants.
In elementary geometry, a polygon is a plane figure that is bounded by a finite chain of straight line segments closing in a loop to form a closed polygonal chain or circuit.
Prognosis (Greek: πρόγνωσις "fore-knowing, foreseeing") is a medical term for predicting the likely or expected development of a disease, including whether the signs and symptoms will improve or worsen (and how quickly) or remain stable over time; expectations of quality of life, such as the ability to carry out daily activities; the potential for complications and associated health issues; and the likelihood of survival (including life expectancy).
Protoplasm is the living content of a cell that is surrounded by a plasma membrane.
The reproductive system or genital system is a system of sex organs within an organism which work together for the purpose of sexual reproduction.
In humans, the respiratory tract is the part of the anatomy of the respiratory system involved with the process of respiration.
Secretion is the movement of material from one point to another, e.g. secreted chemical substance from a cell or gland.
Sieve elements are specialized cells that are important for the function of phloem, which is highly organized tissue that transports organic compounds made during photosynthesis.
Skeletal muscle is one of three major muscle types, the others being cardiac muscle and smooth muscle.
Skin is the soft outer tissue covering vertebrates.
Smooth muscle is an involuntary non-striated muscle.
The spinal cord is a long, thin, tubular bundle of nervous tissue and support cells that extends from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region of the vertebral column.
A spinal nerve is a mixed nerve, which carries motor, sensory, and autonomic signals between the spinal cord and the body.
Staining is an auxiliary technique used in microscopy to enhance contrast in the microscopic image.
The subcutaneous tissue, also called the hypodermis, hypoderm, subcutis, or superficial fascia, is the lowermost layer of the integumentary system in vertebrates.
Tight junctions, also known as occluding junctions or zonulae occludentes (singular, zonula occludens) are multiprotein junctional complex whose general function is to prevent leakage of transported solutes and water and seals the paracellular pathway.
Tissue microarrays (also TMAs) consist of paraffin blocks in which up to 1000 separate tissue cores are assembled in array fashion to allow multiplex histological analysis.
Tissue stress (tissue adaptive syndrome) is an unspecific adaptive reaction universal for all tissues of adult organism which forms in tissue as a response to various external influences.
The trachea, colloquially called the windpipe, is a cartilaginous tube that connects the pharynx and larynx to the lungs, allowing the passage of air, and so is present in almost all air-breathing animals with lungs.
The vascular cambium is the main growth layer in the stems and roots of many plants, specifically in dicots such as buttercups and oak trees, and gymnosperms such as pine trees.
Vascular plants (from Latin vasculum: duct), also known as tracheophytes (from the equivalent Greek term trachea) and also higher plants, form a large group of plants (c. 308,312 accepted known species) that are defined as those land plants that have lignified tissues (the xylem) for conducting water and minerals throughout the plant.
Vascular tissue is a complex conducting tissue, formed of more than one cell type, found in vascular plants.
Xylem is one of the two types of transport tissue in vascular plants, phloem being the other.
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