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Toe (automotive)

Index Toe (automotive)

In automotive engineering, toe, also known as tracking, is the symmetric angle that each wheel makes with the longitudinal axis of the vehicle, as a function of static geometry, and kinematic and compliant effects. [1]

14 relations: Ackermann steering geometry, Angle, Automobile layout, Automotive engineering, Camber angle, Camber thrust, Caster angle, Front-wheel drive, Go-kart, Hunting oscillation, Road–rail vehicle, Rolling resistance, Vehicle dynamics, Wheel alignment.

Ackermann steering geometry

Ackermann steering geometry is a geometric arrangement of linkages in the steering of a car or other vehicle designed to solve the problem of wheels on the inside and outside of a turn needing to trace out circles of different radii.

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In plane geometry, an angle is the figure formed by two rays, called the sides of the angle, sharing a common endpoint, called the vertex of the angle.

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Automobile layout

In automotive design, the automobile layout describes where on the vehicle the engine and drive wheels are found.

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Automotive engineering

Automotive engineering, along with aerospace engineering and marine engineering, is a branch of vehicle engineering, incorporating elements of mechanical, electrical, electronic, software and safety engineering as applied to the design, manufacture and operation of motorcycles, automobiles and trucks and their respective engineering subsystems.

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Camber angle

From the front of the car, a right wheel with a negative camber angle Camber angle is the angle made by the wheels of a vehicle; specifically, it is the angle between the vertical axis of the wheels used for steering and the vertical axis of the vehicle when viewed from the front or rear.

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Camber thrust

Camber thrust and camber force are terms used to describe the force generated perpendicular to the direction of travel of a rolling tire due to its camber angle and finite contact patch.

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Caster angle

θ is the caster angle, the red line is the pivot line, and the grey area is the tire. The caster angle or castor angle is the angular displacement of the steering axis from the vertical axis of a steered wheel in a car, motorcycle, bicycle or other vehicle, measured in the longitudinal direction.

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Front-wheel drive

Front-wheel drive (FWD) is a form of engine and transmission layout used in motor vehicles, where the engine drives the front wheels only.

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A go-kart, also written as go-cart (often referred to as simply a kart), is a type of open-wheel car.

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Hunting oscillation

Hunting oscillation is a self-oscillation, usually unwanted, about an equilibrium.

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Road–rail vehicle

A road–rail vehicle is a vehicle which can operate both on rail tracks and a conventional road.

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Rolling resistance

Rolling resistance, sometimes called rolling friction or rolling drag, is the force resisting the motion when a body (such as a ball, tire, or wheel) rolls on a surface.

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Vehicle dynamics

For vehicles such as cars, vehicle dynamics is the study of how the vehicle will react to driver inputs on a given road.

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Wheel alignment

Wheel alignment, sometimes referred to as breaking or tracking, is part of standard automobile maintenance that consists of adjusting the angles of wheels to the car manufacturer specifications.

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Toe in, Toe out, Toe-in.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toe_(automotive)

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