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Index Tomato

The tomato (see pronunciation) is the edible, often red, fruit/berry of the plant Solanum lycopersicum, commonly known as a tomato plant. [1]

305 relations: Acid, Aculops lycopersici, Allium, Alternaria, American English, Andes, Annual plant, Anthriscus sylvestris, Aphid, Apiaceae, Apple, Arab salad, Arkansas, Asparagus, Asparagus beetle, Asparagusic acid, Asterids, Avocado, Aztecs, Çoban salatası, Banana, Barber surgeon, Basil, Beefsteak tomato, Beet leafhopper, Belgium, Bell pepper, Berry, Berry (botany), Black Krim, Blight, Bloody Mary (cocktail), Blue tomato, Borage, Botany, Boyce Thompson Institute, Brandywine (tomato), British English, British North America, Broth, Brown marmorated stink bug, Buñol, Bumblebee, Buzz pollination, Cabbage looper, California, Calorie, Campari tomato, Cancer, Canned tomato, ..., Canning, Carbohydrate, Cardiovascular disease, Caribbean, Carl Linnaeus, Cat-facing, Catalan cuisine, Charles M. Rick, Cherry tomato, Chives, Chlorophyll, Chloroplast, Christopher Columbus, Colorado potato beetle, Commerce, Companion planting, Conquistador, Cosimo de' Medici, Cucumber, Cucurbita, Cultivar, Curly top, Cutworm, Dessert, Determinate cultivar, Dicotyledon, Dietary supplement, Dill, Divination, DNA, Drink, Dryland farming, Duty (economics), Early Girl, Edmond, Oklahoma, Eggplant, Encyclopædia Britannica, Epcot, Escalon, California, Ethylene, Eudicots, European Food Safety Authority, European Union, Eurostat, Fat, Festival, Flavr Savr, Flea beetle, Florida, Flower, Flowering plant, Food and Agriculture Organization, Free variation, Fried green tomatoes, Fruit, Fungus, Fusarium, Garlic, Garnish (food), Gazpacho, Genetic engineering, Genetically modified crops, Genetically modified food, Genetics, Genome, Genus, George Gershwin, Germplasm Resources Information Network, Golf ball, Gordie C. Hanna, Grape tomato, Green bean, Green Zebra, Greenhouse, Gynoecium, Halictidae, Heinz, Heirloom plant, Heirloom tomato, Helicoverpa zea, Herbal, Herbal tea, Hernán Cortés, Hillbilly tomato, Hoverfly, Hybrid (biology), Hydroponics, Iceland, Indeterminate growth, India, Indigenous peoples, Inflorescence, International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, Ira Gershwin, Irrigation, Israeli salad, Israelis, ITV (TV network), IVillage, Jalapeño, John Gerard, Journal of Experimental Botany, Kebab, Ketchup, Kingdom of Great Britain, La Tomatina, Labeling of fertilizer, Lake Buena Vista, Florida, Leaf, Let's Call the Whole Thing Off, List of culinary fruits, List of tomato dishes, Lycopene, Main course, Manduca quinquemaculata, Manduca sexta, Marglobe, Mediterranean climate, Meiosis, Melon, Member of Provincial Parliament (Ontario), Meristem, Mesoamerica, Mexico, Michael Colle, Middle Eastern cuisine, Mildew, Mint (candy), Mite, Mitochondrion, Monsanto, Nahuatl, Naples, Nature (journal), Necrosis, Nematode, Netherlands, New Jersey, Nitpicking, Nix v. Hedden, Ohio, Onion, Ontario, Oregano, Ornamental plant, Ovary (botany), Pa amb tomàquet, Parasitoid wasp, Parsley, Pasta, Perennial plant, Petal, Pewter, Phenotype, Philip Miller, Philippines, Phthorimaea operculella, Physalis, Phytophthora infestans, Pietro Andrea Mattioli, Pizza, Plagiarism, Plant, Plant peptide hormone, Plum tomato, Pollen, Pollination, Pollinator, Potato, Potato leaf, Pre-Columbian era, Protease inhibitor (biology), Protein, Pueblo, Pumpkin, RAD51, RecA, Reference Daily Intake, Reynoldsburg, Ohio, Ring culture, Roma tomato, Room temperature, Sacramento Valley, Salad, Salmonellosis, Salsa (sauce), San Marzano tomato, Seed bank, Self-incompatibility, Self-pollination, Serrano pepper, Shelf life, Siberia, Side dish, Slug, Socialist Party (Netherlands), Solanaceae, Solanales, Solanine, Solanum, Somatic fusion, Soup, South America, South Carolina, Southeast Asia, Spanish colonization of the Americas, Spanish cuisine, Spearmint, Species Plantarum, Stamen, Strawberry, Sun Belt, Supreme Court of the United States, Systemin, Tagetes patula, Taraxacum, Tariff, Tariff of 1883, Tautonym, Temperate climate, Tenochtitlan, Tetranychus urticae, The East Hampton Star, Thirteen Colonies, Thomas Jefferson, Tobacco mosaic virus, Tomatillo, Tomatine, Tomato, Tomato jam, Tomato juice, Tomato paste, Tomato sandwich, Tomato sauce, Tomato soup, Tomberry, Tonne, Torre del Gallo, True-breeding organism, Turkey, Tuscany, Ultraviolet, University of California, Davis, Variegation, Vegetable, Verticillium, Vibrator (mechanical), Vitamin C, Walt Disney World, Whitefly, William Salmon, Wilting, World Vegetable Center, Zucchini, 2008 United States salmonellosis outbreak. Expand index (255 more) »


An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).

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Aculops lycopersici

Aculops lycopersici, also known as the tomato russet mite, is a species of mite that belongs to the family Eriophydae.

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Allium is a genus of monocotyledonous flowering plants that includes hundreds of species, including the cultivated onion, garlic, scallion, shallot, leek, and chives.

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Alternaria is a genus of ascomycete fungi.

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American English

American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.

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The Andes or Andean Mountains (Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world.

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Annual plant

An annual plant is a plant that completes its life cycle, from germination to the production of seeds, within one year, and then dies.

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Anthriscus sylvestris

Anthriscus sylvestris, known as cow parsley, wild chervil, wild beaked parsley, or keck is a herbaceous biennial or short-lived perennial plant in the family Apiaceae (Umbelliferae), genus Anthriscus.

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Aphids are small sap-sucking insects and members of the superfamily Aphidoidea.

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Apiaceae or Umbelliferae, is a family of mostly aromatic flowering plants named after the type genus Apium and commonly known as the celery, carrot or parsley family, or simply as umbellifers.

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An apple is a sweet, edible fruit produced by an apple tree (Malus pumila).

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Arab salad

Arab salad or Arabic salad, is any of a variety of salad dishes that form part of Arab cuisine.

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Arkansas is a state in the southeastern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2017.

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Asparagus, or garden asparagus, folk name sparrow grass, scientific name Asparagus officinalis, is a spring vegetable, a flowering perennial plant species in the genus Asparagus.

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Asparagus beetle

Crioceris or asparagus beetle is a genus of the family Chrysomelidae of beetles.

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Asparagusic acid

Asparagusic acid is an organosulfur compound with the molecular formula C4H6O2S2 and is systematically named 1,2-dithiolane-4-carboxylic acid.

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In the APG IV system (2016) for the classification of flowering plants, the name asterids denotes a clade (a monophyletic group).

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The avocado (Persea americana) is a tree, long thought to have originated in South Central Mexico, classified as a member of the flowering plant family Lauraceae.

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The Aztecs were a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in central Mexico in the post-classic period from 1300 to 1521.

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Çoban salatası

Çoban Salatası or Choban salad (Turkish for "Shepherd's Salad") is a Turkish salad consisting of finely chopped tomatoes (preferably peeled), cucumbers, long green peppers, onion, and flat-leaf parsley.

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A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.

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Barber surgeon

The barber surgeon, one of the most common European medical practitioners of the Middle Ages, was generally charged with caring for soldiers during and after battle.

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Basil (Ocimum basilicum), also called great basil or Saint-Joseph's-wort, is a culinary herb of the family Lamiaceae (mints).

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Beefsteak tomato

A beef tomato (British English) or beefsteak tomato (American English) is one of the largest varieties of cultivated tomatoes, some weighing or more.

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Beet leafhopper

The beet leafhopper (Circulifer tenellus), also sometimes known as Neoaliturus tenellus, is a species of leafhopper which belongs to the family Cicadellidae in the order Hemiptera.

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Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

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Bell pepper

The bell pepper (also known as sweet pepper, pepper or capsicum) is a cultivar group of the species Capsicum annuum.

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A berry is a small, pulpy, and often edible fruit.

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Berry (botany)

In botany, a berry is a fleshy fruit without a stone produced from a single flower containing one ovary.

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Black Krim

The Black Krim is an heirloom tomato originating from the Russian Federation.

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Blight refers to a specific sign affecting plants in response to infection by a pathogenic organism.

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Bloody Mary (cocktail)

A Bloody Mary is a cocktail containing vodka, tomato juice, and combinations of other spices and flavorings including Worcestershire sauce, hot sauces, garlic, herbs, horseradish, celery, olives, salt, black pepper, lemon juice, lime juice and/or celery salt.

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Blue tomato

Blue tomatoes, sometimes referred to as purple tomatoes, are tomatoes that have been bred to produce high levels of anthocyanins, a class of pigments responsible for the blue and purple colours of many fruits, including blueberries, blackberries and chokeberries.

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Borage (Borago officinalis), also known as a starflower, is an annual herb in the flowering plant family Boraginaceae.

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Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology.

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Boyce Thompson Institute

The Boyce Thompson Institute (previously: Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research) is an independent research institute devoted to using plant sciences to improve agriculture, protect the environment, and enhance human health.

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Brandywine (tomato)

Brandywine plant, with potato leaves The Brandywine tomato plant is an heirloom cultivar of the species, with large potato-leaved foliage and which bears large pink beefsteak-shaped fruit, popularly considered among the best tasting available.

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British English

British English is the standard dialect of English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom.

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British North America

The term "British North America" refers to the former territories of the British Empire on the mainland of North America.

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Broth is a savory liquid made of water in which bones, meat, fish, or vegetables have been simmered.

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Brown marmorated stink bug

The brown marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys) is an insect in the family Pentatomidae that is native to China, Japan, the Korean peninsula, and Taiwan.

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Buñol (Valencian: Bunyol) is a town and municipality in the province of Valencia, Spain.

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A bumblebee (or bumble bee, bumble-bee or humble-bee) is any of over 250 species in the genus Bombus, part of Apidae, one of the bee families.

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Buzz pollination

Buzz pollination or sonication is a technique used by some bees, such as solitary bees (Andrena carantonica) to release pollen which is more or less firmly held by the anthers.

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Cabbage looper

The cabbage looper (Trichoplusia ni) is a moth in the family Noctuidae, a family commonly referred to as owlet moths.

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California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.

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A calorie is a unit of energy.

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Campari tomato

Campari is a type of tomato, noted for its juiciness, high sugar level, low acidity, and lack of mealiness.

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Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

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Canned tomato

Canned tomatoes, or tinned tomatoes, are tomatoes, usually peeled, that are sealed into a can after having been processed by heat.

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Canning is a method of preserving food in which the food contents are processed and sealed in an airtight container.

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A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).

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Cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.

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The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.

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Carl Linnaeus

Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.

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Cat-facing, or catfacing, refers to a type of physiological damage affecting tomatoes and represented by scarring and cavities near the blossom end.

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Catalan cuisine

Catalan cuisine is the cuisine from the autonomous community of Catalonia.

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Charles M. Rick

Charles Madera Rick (30 April 1915 – 5 May 2002) was a plant geneticist and botanist who pioneered research on the origins of the tomato.

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Cherry tomato

A cherry tomato is a rounded, small fruited tomato believed to be an intermediate genetic admixture between wild currant-type tomatoes and domesticated garden tomatoes.

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Chives, scientific name Allium schoenoprasum, is an edible species of the genus Allium.

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Chlorophyll (also chlorophyl) is any of several related green pigments found in cyanobacteria and the chloroplasts of algae and plants.

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Chloroplasts are organelles, specialized compartments, in plant and algal cells.

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Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus (before 31 October 145120 May 1506) was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer.

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Colorado potato beetle

The Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata), also known as the Colorado beetle, the ten-striped spearman, the ten-lined potato beetle or the potato bug, is a major pest of potato crops.

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Commerce relates to "the exchange of goods and services, especially on a large scale.” Commerce includes legal, economic, political, social, cultural and technological systems that operate in any country or internationally.

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Companion planting

Companion planting in gardening and agriculture is the planting of different crops in proximity for any of a number of different reasons, including pest control, pollination, providing habitat for beneficial creatures, maximizing use of space, and to otherwise increase crop productivity.

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Conquistadors (from Spanish or Portuguese conquistadores "conquerors") is a term used to refer to the soldiers and explorers of the Spanish Empire or the Portuguese Empire in a general sense.

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Cosimo de' Medici

Cosimo di Giovanni de' Medici (called 'the Elder' (Italian il Vecchio) and posthumously Father of the Fatherland (Latin pater patriae); 27 September 1389 – 1 August 1464) was an Italian banker and politician, the first member of the Medici political dynasty that served as de facto rulers of Florence during much of the Italian Renaissance.

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Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is a widely cultivated plant in the gourd family, Cucurbitaceae.

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Cucurbita (Latin for gourd) is a genus of herbaceous vines in the gourd family, Cucurbitaceae, also known as cucurbits, native to the Andes and Mesoamerica.

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The term cultivarCultivar has two denominations as explained in Formal definition.

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Curly top

Curly top is a viral disease that affects many crops.

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Cutworms are moth larvae that hide under litter or soil during the day, coming out in the dark to feed on plants.

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Dessert is a confectionery course that concludes a main meal.

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Determinate cultivar

Tomato and potato cultivars are commonly classified as determinate or indeterminate according to the amount of time that they produce new leaves and flowers.

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The dicotyledons, also known as dicots (or more rarely dicotyls), are one of the two groups into which all the flowering plants or angiosperms were formerly divided.

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Dietary supplement

A dietary supplement is a manufactured product intended to supplement the diet when taken by mouth as a pill, capsule, tablet, or liquid.

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Dill (Anethum graveolens) is an annual herb in the celery family Apiaceae.

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Divination (from Latin divinare "to foresee, to be inspired by a god", related to divinus, divine) is the attempt to gain insight into a question or situation by way of an occultic, standardized process or ritual.

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Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

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A drink or beverage is a liquid intended for human consumption.

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Dryland farming

Dryland farming and dry farming are agricultural techniques for non-irrigated cultivation of crops.

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Duty (economics)

In economics, a duty is a kind of tax levied by a state.

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Early Girl

The Early Girl tomato is a medium-sized globe-type F1 hybrid popular with home gardeners because of its early ripening fruit.

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Edmond, Oklahoma

Edmond is a city in Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, United States, and a part of the Oklahoma City metropolitan area in the central part of the state.

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Eggplant (Solanum melongena) or aubergine is a species of nightshade grown for its edible fruit.

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Encyclopædia Britannica

The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.

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Epcot (originally named EPCOT Center) is a theme park at the Walt Disney World Resort in Bay Lake, Florida.

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Escalon, California

Escalon is a city in San Joaquin County, California, United States.

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Ethylene (IUPAC name: ethene) is a hydrocarbon which has the formula or H2C.

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The eudicots, Eudicotidae or eudicotyledons are a clade of flowering plants that had been called tricolpates or non-magnoliid dicots by previous authors.

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European Food Safety Authority

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) is the agency of the European Union (EU) that provides independent scientific advice and communicates on existing and emerging risks associated with the food chain.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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Eurostat is a Directorate-General of the European Commission located in Luxembourg.

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Fat is one of the three main macronutrients, along with carbohydrate and protein.

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A festival is an event ordinarily celebrated by a community and centering on some characteristic aspect of that community and its religion or cultures.

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Flavr Savr

Flavr Savr (also known as CGN-89564-2; pronounced "flavor saver"), a genetically modified tomato, was the first commercially grown genetically engineered food to be granted a license for human consumption.

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Flea beetle

The flea beetle is a small, jumping beetle of the leaf beetle family (Chrysomelidae), that makes up the tribe Alticini which is a part of the subfamily Galerucinae.

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Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.

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A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms).

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Flowering plant

The flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 416 families, approximately 13,164 known genera and c. 295,383 known species.

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Food and Agriculture Organization

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.

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Free variation

Free variation in linguistics is the phenomenon of two (or more) sounds or forms appearing in the same environment without a change in meaning and without being considered incorrect by native speakers.

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Fried green tomatoes

Fried green tomatoes are a side dish usually found in the Southern United States, made from unripe (green) tomatoes coated with cornmeal and fried.

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In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.

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A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.

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Fusarium is a large genus of filamentous fungi, part of a group often referred to as hyphomycetes, widely distributed in soil and associated with plants.

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Garlic (Allium sativum) is a species in the onion genus, Allium.

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Garnish (food)

A garnish is an item or substance used as a decoration or embellishment accompanying a prepared food dish or drink.

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Gazpacho Andalusian gazpacho or Gabacho is a cold soup made of raw blended vegetables.

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Genetic engineering

Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification or genetic manipulation, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genes using biotechnology.

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Genetically modified crops

Genetically modified crops (GMCs, GM crops, or biotech crops) are plants used in agriculture, the DNA of which has been modified using genetic engineering methods.

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Genetically modified food

Genetically modified foods or GM foods, also known as genetically engineered foods, bioengineered foods, genetically modified organisms, or GMOs, are foods produced from organisms that have had changes introduced into their DNA using the methods of genetic engineering.

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Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms.

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In the fields of molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism.

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A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.

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George Gershwin

George Jacob Gershwin (September 26, 1898 July 11, 1937) was an American composer and pianist.

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Germplasm Resources Information Network

Germplasm Resources Information Network or GRIN is an online USDA National Genetic Resources Program software project to comprehensively manage the computer database for the holdings of all plant germplasm collected by the National Plant Germplasm System.

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Golf ball

A golf ball is a special ball designed to be used in the game of golf.

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Gordie C. Hanna

Gordie C. Hanna (July 1, 1903 – December 23, 1993, known as "Jack" Hanna) was a University of California-Davis agronomy professor who helped revolutionize the tomato-growing industry.

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Grape tomato

A grape tomato is a class of tomatoes believed to be of southeast Asian origin, shaped similarly to the oval plum tomatoes but having the small size and sweetness of cherry tomatoes.

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Green bean

Green beans are the unripe, young fruit and protective pods of various cultivars of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris).

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Green Zebra

Green Zebra is a tomato cultivar with characteristic dark green and yellow stripes.

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A greenhouse (also called a glasshouse) is a structure with walls and roof made mainly of transparent material, such as glass, in which plants requiring regulated climatic conditions are grown.

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Gynoecium (from Ancient Greek γυνή, gyne, meaning woman, and οἶκος, oikos, meaning house) is most commonly used as a collective term for the parts of a flower that produce ovules and ultimately develop into the fruit and seeds.

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The Halictidae is the second largest family of Apoidea bees.

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The H. J. Heinz Company, or Heinz, is an American food processing company with world headquarters in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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Heirloom plant

An heirloom plant, heirloom variety, heritage fruit (Australia and New Zealand), or heirloom vegetable (especially in Ireland and the UK) is an old cultivar of a plant used for food that is grown and maintained by gardeners and farmers, particularly in isolated or ethnic minority communities of Western Countries.

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Heirloom tomato

An heirloom tomato (also called heritage tomato in the UK) is an open-pollinated (non-hybrid) heirloom cultivar of tomato.

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Helicoverpa zea

Helicoverpa zea, commonly known as the corn earworm, is a species (formerly in the genus Heliothis) in the family Noctuidae.

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A herbal is a book containing the names and descriptions of plants, usually with information on their medicinal, tonic, culinary, toxic, hallucinatory, aromatic, or magical powers, and the legends associated with them.

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Herbal tea

Herbal teas — less commonly called tisanes (UK and US, US also) — are beverages made from the infusion or decoction of herbs, spices, or other plant material in hot water.

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Hernán Cortés

Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro Altamirano, Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca (1485 – December 2, 1547) was a Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of what is now mainland Mexico under the rule of the King of Castile in the early 16th century.

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Hillbilly tomato

The Hillbilly Tomato, also known as the "hillbilly potato leaf tomato", scientific name Solanum lycopersicum, is an heirloom cultivar originating from West Virginia in the 1800s.

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Hoverflies, sometimes called flower flies, or syrphid flies, make up the insect family Syrphidae.

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Hybrid (biology)

In biology, a hybrid, or crossbreed, is the result of combining the qualities of two organisms of different breeds, varieties, species or genera through sexual reproduction.

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Hydroponics is a subset of hydroculture, the method of growing plants without soil, using mineral nutrient solutions in a water solvent.

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Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of and an area of, making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.

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Indeterminate growth

In biology and botany, indeterminate growth is growth that is not terminated in contrast to determinate growth that stops once a genetically pre-determined structure has completely formed.

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India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Indigenous peoples

Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.

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An inflorescence is a group or cluster of flowers arranged on a stem that is composed of a main branch or a complicated arrangement of branches.

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International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants

The International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN) is the set of rules and recommendations dealing with the formal botanical names that are given to plants, fungi and a few other groups of organisms, all those "traditionally treated as algae, fungi, or plants".

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Ira Gershwin

Ira Gershwin (6 December 1896 17 August 1983) was an American lyricist who collaborated with his younger brother, composer George Gershwin, to create some of the most memorable songs of the 20th century.

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Irrigation is the application of controlled amounts of water to plants at needed intervals.

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Israeli salad

Israeli salad (salat yerakot yisra'eli, "Israeli vegetable salad", also known as Arab salad) is a chopped salad of finely diced tomato, onion, cucumber, and bell or chili peppers. "Distinguished by the tiny diced tomatoes and cucumbers," it is described as the "most well-known national dish of Israel" and is a key part of a traditional Israeli breakfast. In Israel, it is most commonly referred to as salat yerakot (סָלָט יְרָקוֹת, "vegetable salad"), salat katzutz (סָלָט קָצוּץ, "chopped salad") and salat aravi (סָלָט עֲרָבִי, "Arab salad").

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Israelis (ישראלים Yiśraʾelim, الإسرائيليين al-ʾIsrāʾīliyyin) are citizens or permanent residents of the State of Israel, a multiethnic state populated by people of different ethnic backgrounds.

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ITV (TV network)

ITV is a British commercial TV network.

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iVillage, Inc. was a mass media company that operated several websites focused on categories targeted at women.

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The jalapeño is a medium-sized chili pepper pod type cultivar of the species Capsicum annuum.

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John Gerard

John Gerard (also John Gerarde, c. 1545–1612) was an English botanist with a large herbal garden in London.

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Journal of Experimental Botany

The Journal of Experimental Botany (JXB) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Experimental Biology.

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Kebabs (also kabobs or kababs) are various cooked meat dishes, with their origins in Middle Eastern cuisine.

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Ketchup (also catsup) is a condiment.

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Kingdom of Great Britain

The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.

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La Tomatina

La Tomatina is a festival that is held in the Valencian town of Buñol, a town located in the East of Spain from the Mediterranean, in which participants throw tomatoes and get involved in this tomato fight purely for entertainment purposes.

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Labeling of fertilizer

The labeling of fertilizers varies by country in terms of analysis methodology, nutrient labeling, and minimum nutrient requirements.

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Lake Buena Vista, Florida

Lake Buena Vista is a city in Orange County, Florida, United States.

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A leaf is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem.

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Let's Call the Whole Thing Off

"Let's Call the Whole Thing Off" is a song written by George Gershwin and Ira Gershwin for the 1937 film Shall We Dance, where it was introduced by Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers as part of a celebrated dance duet on roller skates.

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List of culinary fruits

This list of culinary fruits contains the names of some fruits that are considered edible in some cuisines.

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List of tomato dishes

This is a list of tomato dishes.

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Lycopene (from the neo-Latin Lycopersicum, the tomato species) is a bright red carotene and carotenoid pigment and phytochemical found in tomatoes and other red fruits and vegetables, such as red carrots, watermelons, gac, and papayas, but it is not in strawberries or cherries.

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Main course

The main course is the featured or primary dish in a meal consisting of several courses.

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Manduca quinquemaculata

Manduca quinquemaculata, the five-spotted hawkmoth, is a brown and gray hawk moth of the family Sphingidae.

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Manduca sexta

Manduca sexta is a moth of the family Sphingidae present through much of the American continent.

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The Marglobe tomato was developed in 1917 by Frederick J. Pritchard of the United States Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Experiment Station by crossing the Globe and Marvel tomatoes ("Marglobe" is a fusion of the two names).

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Mediterranean climate

A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by rainy winters and dry summers.

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Meiosis (from Greek μείωσις, meiosis, which means lessening) is a specialized type of cell division that reduces the chromosome number by half, creating four haploid cells, each genetically distinct from the parent cell that gave rise to them.

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A melon is any of various plants of the family Cucurbitaceae with sweet edible, fleshy fruit.

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Member of Provincial Parliament (Ontario)

A Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP) is an elected member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario, Canada.

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A meristem is the tissue in most plants containing undifferentiated cells (meristematic cells), found in zones of the plant where growth can take place.

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Mesoamerica is an important historical region and cultural area in the Americas, extending from approximately central Mexico through Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica, and within which pre-Columbian societies flourished before the Spanish colonization of the Americas in the 15th and 16th centuries.

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Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.

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Michael Colle

Michael (Mike) Colle (born February 1, 1945) is a former politician in Ontario, Canada.

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Middle Eastern cuisine

Middle Eastern cuisine is the cuisine of the various countries and peoples of the Middle East.

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Mildew is a form of fungus.

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Mint (candy)

A mint is a food item characterized by the presence of mint flavoring or real mint oil, whether it be peppermint oil, spearmint oil, another natural source such as wintergreen, or an artificial flavoring.

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Mites are small arthropods belonging to the class Arachnida and the subclass Acari (also known as Acarina).

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The mitochondrion (plural mitochondria) is a double-membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic organisms.

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Monsanto Company was an agrochemical and agricultural biotechnology corporation.

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Nahuatl (The Classical Nahuatl word nāhuatl (noun stem nāhua, + absolutive -tl) is thought to mean "a good, clear sound" This language name has several spellings, among them náhuatl (the standard spelling in the Spanish language),() Naoatl, Nauatl, Nahuatl, Nawatl. In a back formation from the name of the language, the ethnic group of Nahuatl speakers are called Nahua.), known historically as Aztec, is a language or group of languages of the Uto-Aztecan language family.

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Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.

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Nature (journal)

Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.

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Necrosis (from the Greek νέκρωσις "death, the stage of dying, the act of killing" from νεκρός "dead") is a form of cell injury which results in the premature death of cells in living tissue by autolysis.

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The nematodes or roundworms constitute the phylum Nematoda (also called Nemathelminthes).

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The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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New Jersey

New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.

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Nitpicking is the act of removing nits (the eggs of lice, generally head lice) from the host's hair.

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Nix v. Hedden

Nix v. Hedden,, was a decision by the Supreme Court of the United States that, under U.S. customs regulations, the tomato should be classified as a vegetable rather than a fruit.

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Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.

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The onion (Allium cepa L., from Latin cepa "onion"), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is a vegetable that is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium.

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Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.

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Oregano (Origanum vulgare) is a flowering plant in the mint family (Lamiaceae).

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Ornamental plant

Ornamental plants are plants that are grown for decorative purposes in gardens and landscape design projects, as houseplants, for cut flowers and specimen display.

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Ovary (botany)

In the flowering plants, an ovary is a part of the female reproductive organ of the flower or gynoecium.

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Pa amb tomàquet

Pa amb tomàquet, or Pan con tomate ("Bread with tomato"), pa amb oli (Majorcan:, "Bread with olive oil") is a traditional food of Valencian, Andalusian, Aragonian, Balearic, Catalan and Murcian cuisines in Spain.

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Parasitoid wasp

Parasitoid wasps are a large group of hymenopteran superfamilies, all but the wood wasps (Orussoidea) being in the wasp-waisted Apocrita.

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Parsley or garden parsley (Petroselinum crispum) is a species of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, native to the central Mediterranean region (southern Italy, Greece, Portugal, Spain, Malta, Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia), naturalized elsewhere in Europe, and widely cultivated as an herb, a spice, and a vegetable.

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Pasta is a staple food of traditional Italian cuisine, with the first reference dating to 1154 in Sicily.

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Perennial plant

A perennial plant or simply perennial is a plant that lives more than two years.

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Petals are modified leaves that surround the reproductive parts of flowers.

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Pewter is a malleable metal alloy.

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A phenotype is the composite of an organism's observable characteristics or traits, such as its morphology, development, biochemical or physiological properties, behavior, and products of behavior (such as a bird's nest).

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Philip Miller

Philip Miller FRS (1691 – 18 December 1771) was an English botanist of Scottish descent.

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The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

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Phthorimaea operculella

Phthorimaea operculella, also known as the potato tuber moth or tobacco splitworm, is a moth of the family Gelechiidae.

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Physalis (sometimes, from physalis.

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Phytophthora infestans

Phytophthora infestans is an oomycete or water mold, a microorganism which causes the serious potato and tomato disease known as late blight or potato blight.

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Pietro Andrea Mattioli

Pietro Andrea Gregorio Mattioli (Matthiolus) (12 March 1501 – 1577) was a doctor and naturalist born in Siena.

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Pizza is a traditional Italian dish consisting of a yeasted flatbread typically topped with tomato sauce and cheese and baked in an oven.

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Plagiarism is the "wrongful appropriation" and "stealing and publication" of another author's "language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions" and the representation of them as one's own original work.

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Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.

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Plant peptide hormone

Peptide signaling plays a significant role in various aspects of plant growth and development and specific receptors for various peptides have been identified as being membrane-localized receptor kinases, the largest family of receptor-like molecules in plants.

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Plum tomato

A plum tomato, also known as a processing tomato or paste tomato, is a type of tomato bred for sauce and packing purposes.

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Pollen is a fine to coarse powdery substance comprising pollen grains which are male microgametophytes of seed plants, which produce male gametes (sperm cells).

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Pollination is the transfer of pollen from a male part of a plant to a female part of a plant, enabling later fertilisation and the production of seeds, most often by an animal or by wind.

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A pollinator is an animal that moves pollen from the male anther of a flower to the female stigma of a flower.

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The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial nightshade Solanum tuberosum.

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Potato leaf

Potato leaf (PL) is one of two major types of leaves which tomato plants exhibit.

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Pre-Columbian era

The Pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences on the American continents, spanning the time of the original settlement in the Upper Paleolithic period to European colonization during the Early Modern period.

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Protease inhibitor (biology)

In biology and biochemistry, protease inhibitors are molecules that inhibit the function of proteases (enzymes that aid the breakdown of proteins).

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Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

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Pueblos are modern and old communities of Native Americans in the Southwestern United States.

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A pumpkin is a cultivar of a squash plant, most commonly of Cucurbita pepo, that is round, with smooth, slightly ribbed skin, and deep yellow to orange coloration.

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RAD51 is a eukaryotic gene.

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RecA is a 38 kilodalton protein essential for the repair and maintenance of DNA.

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Reference Daily Intake

The Reference Daily Intake (RDI) is the daily intake level of a nutrient that is considered to be sufficient to meet the requirements of 97–98% of healthy individuals in every demographic in the United States.

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Reynoldsburg, Ohio

Reynoldsburg is a city in Fairfield, Franklin, and Licking counties in the U.S. state of Ohio.

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Ring culture

Ring culture is a method of cultivating tomato plants.

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Roma tomato

Roma tomato or Roma is a plum tomato popularly used both for canning and producing tomato paste because of their slender and firm nature.

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Room temperature

Colloquially, room temperature is the range of air temperatures that most people prefer for indoor settings, which feel comfortable when wearing typical indoor clothing.

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Sacramento Valley

The Sacramento Valley is the area of the Central Valley of the U.S. state of California that lies north of the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta and is drained by the Sacramento River.

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A salad is a dish consisting of a mixture of small pieces of food, usually vegetables.

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Salmonellosis is a symptomatic infection caused by bacteria of the Salmonella type.

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Salsa (sauce)

Salsa is any one of several sauces typical of Mexican cuisine, also known as salsa fresca, hot salsa or salsa picante, particularly those used as dips.

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San Marzano tomato

San Marzano tomato is a variety of plum tomato.

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Seed bank

Seeds are living creatures and keeping them viable over the long term requires adjusting storage moisture and temperature appropriately.

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Self-incompatibility (SI) is a general name for several genetic mechanisms in angiosperms, which prevent self-fertilization and thus encourage outcrossing and allogamy.

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Self-pollination is when pollen from the same plant arrives at the stigma of a flower (in flowering plants) or at the ovule (in gymnosperms).

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Serrano pepper

The serrano pepper (Capsicum annuum) is a type of chili pepper that originated in the mountainous regions of the Mexican states of Puebla and Hidalgo.

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Shelf life

Shelf life is the length of time that a commodity may be stored without becoming unfit for use, consumption, or sale.

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Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.

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Side dish

A side dish, sometimes referred to as a side order, side item, or simply a side, is a food item that accompanies the entrée or main course at a meal.

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Slug, or land slug, is a common name for any apparently shell-less terrestrial gastropod mollusc.

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Socialist Party (Netherlands)

The Socialist Party (Socialistische Partij,; abbreviated SP) is a left-wing, democratic socialist political party in the Netherlands.

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The Solanaceae, or nightshades, are an economically important family of flowering plants.

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The Solanales are an order of flowering plants, included in the asterid group of dicotyledons.

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Solanine is a glycoalkaloid poison found in species of the nightshade family within the genus Solanum, such as the potato (Solanum tuberosum), the tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), and the eggplant (Solanum melongena).

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Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include two food crops of high economic importance, the potato and the tomato.

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Somatic fusion

Somatic fusion, also called protoplast fusion, is a type of genetic modification in plants by which two distinct species of plants are fused together to form a new hybrid plant with the characteristics of both, a somatic hybrid.

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Soup is a primarily liquid food, generally served warm or hot (but may be cool or cold), that is made by combining ingredients of meat or vegetables with stock, juice, water, or another liquid.

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South America

South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.

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South Carolina

South Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.

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Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.

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Spanish colonization of the Americas

The overseas expansion under the Crown of Castile was initiated under the royal authority and first accomplished by the Spanish conquistadors.

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Spanish cuisine

Spanish cuisine is heavily influenced by regional cuisines and the particular historical processes that shaped culture and society in those territories.

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Spearmint (binomial Mentha spicata, synonym Mentha viridis), also known as garden mint, common mint, lamb mint and mackerel mint, is a species of mint native to much of Europe and Asia (Middle East, Himalayas, China etc.), and naturalized in parts of northern and western Africa, North America, and South America, as well as various oceanic islands.

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Species Plantarum

Species Plantarum (Latin for "The Species of Plants") is a book by Carl Linnaeus, originally published in 1753, which lists every species of plant known at the time, classified into genera.

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The stamen (plural stamina or stamens) is the pollen-producing reproductive organ of a flower.

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The garden strawberry (or simply strawberry; Fragaria × ananassa) is a widely grown hybrid species of the genus Fragaria, collectively known as the strawberries.

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Sun Belt

The Sun Belt is a region of the United States generally considered to stretch across the Southeast and Southwest.

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Supreme Court of the United States

The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.

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Systemin is a plant peptide hormone involved in the wound response in the Solanaceae family.

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Tagetes patula

Tagetes patula, the French marigold, is a species in the daisy family (Asteraceae).

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Taraxacum is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions.

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A tariff is a tax on imports or exports between sovereign states.

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Tariff of 1883

In United States tax law history, the Tariff of 1883 (signed into law on March 3, 1883), also known as the Mongrel Tariff Act by its critics, reduced high tariff rates only marginally, and left in place fairly strong protectionist barriers.

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A tautonym is a scientific name of a species in which both parts of the name have the same spelling, for example Rattus rattus.

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Temperate climate

In geography, the temperate or tepid climates of Earth occur in the middle latitudes, which span between the tropics and the polar regions of Earth.

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Tenochtitlan (Tenochtitlan), originally known as México-Tenochtitlán (meːˈʃíʔ.ko te.noːt͡ʃ.ˈtí.t͡ɬan), was a large Mexica city-state in what is now the center of Mexico City.

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Tetranychus urticae

Tetranychus urticae (common names include red spider mite and two-spotted spider mite) is a species of plant-feeding mite generally considered to be a pest.

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The East Hampton Star

The East Hampton Star is a weekly, privately owned newspaper published each Thursday in East Hampton, New York.

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Thirteen Colonies

The Thirteen Colonies were a group of British colonies on the east coast of North America founded in the 17th and 18th centuries that declared independence in 1776 and formed the United States of America.

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Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson (April 13, [O.S. April 2] 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809.

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Tobacco mosaic virus

Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) is a positive-sense single stranded RNA virus, genus tobamovirus that infects a wide range of plants, especially tobacco and other members of the family Solanaceae.

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The tomatillo (Physalis philadelphica and Physalis ixocarpa), also known as the Mexican husk tomato, is a plant of the nightshade family bearing small, spherical and green or green-purple fruit of the same name.

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Tomatine (sometimes called tomatin or lycopersicin) is a glycoalkaloid, found in the stems and leaves of tomato plants, and in the fruits at much lower concentrations.

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The tomato (see pronunciation) is the edible, often red, fruit/berry of the plant Solanum lycopersicum, commonly known as a tomato plant.

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Tomato jam

Tomato jam (also referred to as tomato jelly) is a type of fruit preserve prepared with tomatoes and sugar.

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Tomato juice

Tomato juice is a juice made from tomatoes, usually used as a beverage, either plain or in cocktails such as a Bloody Mary or Michelada.

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Tomato paste

Tomato paste is a thick paste made by cooking tomatoes for several hours to reduce the water content, straining out the seeds and skins, and cooking the liquid again to reduce the base to a thick, rich concentrate.

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Tomato sandwich

A tomato sandwich is a sandwich of tomatoes between slices of bread.

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Tomato sauce

Tomato sauce (also known as Neapolitan sauce, and Salsa di pomodoro in Italian) can refer to a large number of different sauces made primarily from tomatoes, usually to be served as part of a dish, rather than as a condiment.

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Tomato soup

Tomato soup is a soup made with tomatoes as the primary ingredient.

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Tomberry is a trademarked name for an unusually small cultivar of tomatoes produced by the Netherlands company Littletom BV and distributed in the United Kingdom and continental Europe.

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The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.

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Torre del Gallo

The Torre del Gallo is a historical building located in Florence, Italy, located at Pian de' Giullari, in the hills of Arcetri, on top of a ridge overlooking the city where there is a magnificent panorama.

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True-breeding organism

A true-breeding organism, sometimes also called a purebred, is an organism that always passes down certain phenotypic traits (i.e. physically expressed traits) to its offspring of many generations.

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Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.

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Tuscany (Toscana) is a region in central Italy with an area of about and a population of about 3.8 million inhabitants (2013).

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Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.

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University of California, Davis

The University of California, Davis (also referred to as UCD, UC Davis, or Davis), is a public research university and land-grant university as well as one of the 10 campuses of the University of California (UC) system.

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Variegation is the appearance of differently coloured zones in the leaves, and sometimes the stems, of plants.

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Vegetables are parts of plants that are consumed by humans as food as part of a meal.

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Verticillium is a genus of fungi in the division Ascomycota, and are an anamorphic form of the family Plectosphaerellaceae.

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Vibrator (mechanical)

A vibrator is a mechanical device to generate vibrations.

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Vitamin C

Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.

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Walt Disney World

The Walt Disney World Resort, commonly known as Walt Disney World, or often just as Disney World, is an entertainment complex in Bay Lake and Lake Buena Vista, Florida, near Orlando and Kissimmee, Florida.

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Whiteflies are small Hemipterans that typically feed on the undersides of plant leaves.

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William Salmon

William Salmon (1644–1713) was an English empiric doctor and a writer of medical texts.

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Wilting is the loss of rigidity of non-woody parts of plants.

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World Vegetable Center

The World Vegetable Center, previously known as the Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center, is an international, nonprofit institute for vegetable research and development.

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The zucchini (American English) or courgette (British English) is a summer squash which can reach nearly in length, but is usually harvested when still immature at about.

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2008 United States salmonellosis outbreak

The 2008 United States salmonellosis outbreak was an outbreak of salmonellosis across multiple U.S. states due to Salmonella enterica serovar Saintpaul.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomato

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