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Tonic (music)

Index Tonic (music)

In music, the tonic is the first scale degree of a diatonic scale (the first note of a scale) and the tonal center or final resolution tone that is commonly used in the final cadence in tonal (musical key-based) classical music, popular music and traditional music. [1]

36 relations: Arthur Berger (composer), Atonality, Cadence (music), Chord (music), Classical music, Composer, Degree (music), Diatonic function, Diatonic scale, Dominant (music), Folk music, Gregorian mode, Harmony, Hierarchy, Interval cycle, Jazz minor scale, Key (music), Key signature, Minor scale, Music, Musical analysis, New York City, Parallel key, Perspectives of New Music, Pitch (music), Popular music, Primary triad, Relative key, Resolution (music), Roman numeral analysis, Root (chord), Subdominant, Tonality, Triad (music), Vi–ii–V–I, W. W. Norton & Company.

Arthur Berger (composer)

Arthur Victor Berger (May 15, 1912 – October 7, 2003) was an American composer and music critic who has been described as a New Mannerist.

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Atonality in its broadest sense is music that lacks a tonal center, or key.

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Cadence (music)

In Western musical theory, a cadence (Latin cadentia, "a falling") is "a melodic or harmonic configuration that creates a sense of resolution."Don Michael Randel (1999).

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Chord (music)

A chord, in music, is any harmonic set of pitches consisting of two or more (usually three or more) notes (also called "pitches") that are heard as if sounding simultaneously.

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Classical music

Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.

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A composer (Latin ''compōnō''; literally "one who puts together") is a musician who is an author of music in any form, including vocal music (for a singer or choir), instrumental music, electronic music, and music which combines multiple forms.

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Degree (music)

In music theory, scale degree refers to the position of a particular note on a scale relative to the tonic, the first and main note of the scale from which each octave is assumed to begin.

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Diatonic function

In tonal music theory, a function (often called harmonic function, tonal function or diatonic function, or also chord area) is the relationship of a chord to a tonal center.

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Diatonic scale

In western music theory, a diatonic scale is a heptatonic scale that includes five whole steps (whole tones) and two half steps (semitones) in each octave, in which the two half steps are separated from each other by either two or three whole steps, depending on their position in the scale.

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Dominant (music)

In music, the dominant is the fifth scale degree of the diatonic scale, called "dominant" because it is next in importance to the tonic, and a dominant chord is any chord built upon that pitch, using the notes of the same diatonic scale.

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Folk music

Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.

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Gregorian mode

A Gregorian mode (or church mode) is one of the eight systems of pitch organization used in Gregorian chant.

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In music, harmony considers the process by which the composition of individual sounds, or superpositions of sounds, is analysed by hearing.

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A hierarchy (from the Greek hierarchia, "rule of a high priest", from hierarkhes, "leader of sacred rites") is an arrangement of items (objects, names, values, categories, etc.) in which the items are represented as being "above", "below", or "at the same level as" one another A hierarchy can link entities either directly or indirectly, and either vertically or diagonally.

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Interval cycle

In music, an interval cycle is a collection of pitch classes created from a sequence of the same interval class.

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Jazz minor scale

The jazz minor scale is a derivative of the melodic minor scale, except only the ascending form of the scale is used.

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Key (music)

In music theory, the key of a piece is the group of pitches, or scale, that forms the basis of a music composition in classical, Western art, and Western pop music.

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Key signature

In musical notation, a key signature is a set of sharp, flat, and rarely, natural symbols placed together on the staff.

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Minor scale

In music theory, the term minor scale refers to three scale formations – the natural minor scale (or Aeolian mode), the harmonic minor scale, and the melodic minor scale (ascending or descending) – rather than just one as with the major scale.

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Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time.

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Musical analysis

Musical analysis is the study of musical structure in either compositions or performances.

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New York City

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

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Parallel key

In music, a major scale and a minor scale that have the same tonic are called parallel keys and are said to be in a parallel relationship.

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Perspectives of New Music

Perspectives of New Music is a peer-reviewed academic journal specializing in music theory and analysis.

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Pitch (music)

Pitch is a perceptual property of sounds that allows their ordering on a frequency-related scale, or more commonly, pitch is the quality that makes it possible to judge sounds as "higher" and "lower" in the sense associated with musical melodies.

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Popular music

Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.

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Primary triad

In music, a primary triad is one of the three triads, or three-note chords built from major or minor thirds, most important in tonal and diatonic music, as opposed to an auxiliary triad or secondary triad.

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Relative key

In music, relative keys are the major and minor scales that have the same key signatures.

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Resolution (music)

Resolution in western tonal music theory is the move of a note or chord from dissonance (an unstable sound) to a consonance (a more final or stable sounding one).

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Roman numeral analysis

In music, Roman numeral analysis uses Roman numerals to represent chords.

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Root (chord)

In music theory, the concept of root is the idea that a chord can be represented and named by one of its notes.

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In music, the subdominant is the technical name for the fourth tonal degree of the diatonic scale.

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Tonality is the arrangement of pitches and/or chords of a musical work in a hierarchy of perceived relations, stabilities, attractions and directionality.

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Triad (music)

In music, a triad is a set of three notes (or "pitches") that can be stacked vertically in thirds.

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In music, the vi–ii–V–I progression is a chord progression (also called the circle progression for the circle of fifths, along which it travels).

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W. W. Norton & Company


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Atonal pitch center, Centric (music), Pitch center, Pitch centricity, Root (scale), Tonal axis, Tonal center, Tonal centre, Tone-center, Tonic chord, Tonic key, Tonic note, Tonic seventh, Tonic seventh chord.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tonic_(music)

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