78 relations: Absorption (skin), Almond, Ancient Greek, Antibiotic, Anus, Asthma, Beeswax, Beiersdorf, Betamethasone, Birth control, Body surface area, Ceresin, Cetrimide, Chest rub, Chloramphenicol, Clostridium difficile infection, Cocaine, Coconut oil, Conjunctiva, Cream (pharmaceutical), Dermatology, Ear drop, Emulsifying wax, Emulsion, Enteral administration, Eye drop, Finger tip unit, Foam, Gastrointestinal tract, Gel, Goodman & Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, Hormone therapy, Human eye, Human nose, Human skin, Hydrophobe, Insufflation (medicine), Lanolin, Lemon, Liniment, Lotion, Macrogol, Medication, Merriam-Webster, Miconazole, Microcrystalline wax, Moisturizer, Motion sickness, Mucous membrane, Occlusive dressing, ..., Olive oil, Paraffin wax, Paste (rheology), Peanut oil, Petroleum jelly, Pharmacodynamics, Povidone-iodine, Powder, Preservative, Route of administration, Sensitization (immunology), Sesame oil, Sponge, Steroid hormone, Stratum corneum, Systemic administration, Tincture, Tooth, Topical anesthetic, Topical decongestant, Topical medication, Topical steroid, Transdermal, Transdermal patch, Triamcinolone acetonide, Unguent, Vancomycin, Vulva. Expand index (28 more) » « Shrink index
Skin absorption is a route by which substances can enter the body through the skin.
The almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. Prunus amygdalus) is a species of tree native to Mediterranean climate regions of the Middle East, from Syria and Turkey to India and Pakistan, although it has been introduced elsewhere.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
The anus (from Latin anus meaning "ring", "circle") is an opening at the opposite end of an animal's digestive tract from the mouth.
Asthma is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs.
Beeswax (cera alba) is a natural wax produced by honey bees of the genus Apis.
Beiersdorf AG is a German personal-care company based in Hamburg, manufacturing personal-care products and pressure-sensitive adhesives.
Betamethasone is a steroid medication.
Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, is a method or device used to prevent pregnancy.
In physiology and medicine, the body surface area (BSA) is the measured or calculated surface area of a human body.
Ceresin (also cerin, cerasin, cerosin, ceresin wax or ceresine) is a wax derived from ozokerite by a purifying process.
Cetrimide is an antiseptic which is a mixture of different quaternary ammonium salts including cetrimonium bromide (CTAB).
Chest rub, cold rub, or vapor/vapour rub is a mentholated topical petrolatum-based gel intended to assist with minor medical conditions that temporarily impair breathing, including the common cold.
Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections.
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI or C-dif) is a symptomatic infection due to the spore-forming bacterium, Clostridium difficile.
Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.
Coconut oil, or copra oil, is an edible oil extracted from the kernel or meat of mature coconuts harvested from the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera).
The conjunctiva lines the inside of the eyelids and covers the sclera (the white of the eye).
A cream is a preparation usually for application to the skin.
Dermatology (from ancient Greek δέρμα, derma which means skin and λογία, logia) is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin, nails, hair and its diseases.
Ear drops are a form of medicine used to treat or prevent ear infections, especially infections of the outer ear and ear canal (otitis externa).
Emulsifying wax is a cosmetic emulsifying ingredient.
An emulsion is a mixture of two or more liquids that are normally immiscible (unmixable or unblendable).
In general medicine, enteral administration (Greek enteros, "intestine") is food or drug administration via the human gastrointestinal tract.
Eye drops are saline-containing drops used as an ocular route to administer.
In medicine, a finger tip unit (FTU) is defined as the amount of ointment, cream or other semi-solid dosage form expressed from a tube with a 5mm diameter nozzle, applied from the distal skin-crease to the tip of the index finger of an adult.
Foam is a substance formed by trapping pockets of gas in a liquid or solid.
The gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract, digestional tract, GI tract, GIT, gut, or alimentary canal) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces.
A gel is a solid jelly-like material that can have properties ranging from soft and weak to hard and tough.
Goodman & Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, commonly referred to as the Blue Bible or Goodman & Gilman, is a textbook of pharmacology originally authored by Louis S. Goodman and Alfred Gilman.
Hormone therapy or hormonal therapy is the use of hormones in medical treatment.
The human eye is an organ which reacts to light and pressure.
The human nose is the protruding part of the face that bears the nostrils.
The human skin is the outer covering of the body.
In chemistry, hydrophobicity is the physical property of a molecule (known as a hydrophobe) that is seemingly repelled from a mass of water.
Insufflation (lit) is the act of blowing something (such as a gas, powder, or vapor) into a body cavity.
Lanolin (from Latin ‘wool’, and ‘oil’), also called wool wax or wool grease, is a wax secreted by the sebaceous glands of wool-bearing animals.
The lemon, Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck, is a species of small evergreen tree in the flowering plant family Rutaceae, native to Asia.
Liniment (or embrocation), from the Latin linere, to anoint, is a medicated topical preparation for application to the skin.
A lotion is a low-viscosity topical preparation intended for application to unbroken skin.
Macrogol is the international nonproprietary name for polyethylene glycol (PEG) used in medicine.
A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
Merriam–Webster, Incorporated is an American company that publishes reference books which is especially known for its dictionaries.
Miconazole, sold under the brand name Monistat among others, is an antifungal medication used to treat ring worm, pityriasis versicolor, and yeast infections of the skin or vagina.
Microcrystalline waxes are a type of wax produced by de-oiling petrolatum, as part of the petroleum refining process.
Moisturizers or emollients are complex mixtures of chemical agents (often occlusives help hold water in the skin after application, humectants attract moisture and emollients help smooth the skin.) specially designed to make the external layers of the skin (epidermis) softer and more pliable.
Motion sickness is a condition in which a disagreement exists between visually perceived movement and the vestibular system's sense of movement.
A mucous membrane or mucosa is a membrane that lines various cavities in the body and covers the surface of internal organs.
An occlusive dressing is an air- and water-tight trauma medical dressing used in first aid.
Olive oil is a liquid fat obtained from olives (the fruit of Olea europaea; family Oleaceae), a traditional tree crop of the Mediterranean Basin.
Paraffin wax is a white or colourless soft solid, derived from petroleum, coal or oil shale, that consists of a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules containing between twenty and forty carbon atoms.
In physics, a paste is a substance that behaves as a solid until a sufficiently large load or stress is applied, at which point it flows like a fluid.
Peanut oil, also known as groundnut oil or arachis oil, is a mild-tasting vegetable oil derived from peanuts.
Petroleum jelly, petrolatum, white petrolatum, soft paraffin/paraffin wax or multi-hydrocarbon, CAS number 8009-03-8, is a semi-solid mixture of hydrocarbons (with carbon numbers mainly higher than 25), originally promoted as a topical ointment for its healing properties.
Pharmacodynamics is the study of the biochemical and physiologic effects of drugs (especially pharmaceutical drugs).
Povidone-iodine (PVP-I), also known as iodopovidone, is an antiseptic used for skin disinfection before and after surgery.
A powder is a dry, bulk solid composed of a large number of very fine particles that may flow freely when shaken or tilted.
A preservative is a substance or a chemical that is added to products such as food, beverages, pharmaceutical drugs, paints, biological samples, cosmetics, wood, and many other products to prevent decomposition by microbial growth or by undesirable chemical changes.
A route of administration in pharmacology and toxicology is the path by which a drug, fluid, poison, or other substance is taken into the body.
In immunology, the term sensitization is used for the following concepts:Anderson DM, ed.
Sesame oil is an edible vegetable oil derived from sesame seeds.
Sponges, the members of the phylum Porifera (meaning "pore bearer"), are a basal Metazoa clade as sister of the Diploblasts.
A steroid hormone is a steroid that acts as a hormone.
The stratum corneum (Latin for 'horny layer') is the outermost layer of the epidermis, consisting of dead cells (corneocytes).
Systemic administration is a route of administration of medication, nutrition or other substance into the circulatory system so that the entire body is affected.
A tincture is typically an alcoholic extract of plant or animal material or solution of such, or of a low volatility substance (such as iodine and mercurochrome).
A tooth (plural teeth) is a hard, calcified structure found in the jaws (or mouths) of many vertebrates and used to break down food.
A topical anesthetic is a local anesthetic that is used to numb the surface of a body part.
Topical decongestants are decongestants applied directly to the nasal cavity.
A topical medication is a medication that is applied to a particular place on or in the body.
Topical steroids are the topical forms of corticosteroids.
Transdermal is a route of administration wherein active ingredients are delivered across the skin for systemic distribution.
A transdermal patch is a medicated adhesive patch that is placed on the skin to deliver a specific dose of medication through the skin and into the bloodstream.
Triamcinolone acetonide is a synthetic corticosteroid used topically to treat various skin conditions, to relieve the discomfort of mouth sores and intra-articularly by proceduralists to treat various joint conditions.
An unguent is a soothing preparation spread on wounds, burns, rashes, abrasions or other topical injuries (i.e. damage to the skin).
Vancomycin is an antibiotic used to treat a number of bacterial infections.
The vulva (wrapper, covering, plural vulvae or vulvas) consists of the external female sex organs.
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