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Index Tosca

Tosca is an opera in three acts by Giacomo Puccini to an Italian libretto by Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa. [1]

172 relations: Adolfo Hohenstein, Alberto Franchetti, Alessandria, Angela Gheorghiu, Angelus, Antonio Pappano, Antonio Scotti, Apollo Granforte, Aria, Arturo Toscanini, Athens, Attilio Salvaneschi, Baritone, Bass (voice type), Battle of Marengo, B♭ (musical note), Beniamino Gigli, Boca Raton, Florida, Boy soprano, Bregenzer Festspiele, Cantata, Carlo Sabajno, Carmen Melis, Casa Ricordi, Castel Sant'Angelo, Catherine Malfitano, C♯ (musical note), Charles Osborne (music writer), Counter-melody, David Parry (conductor), Deborah Burton, Dover Publications, Duet, DVD, E lucevan le stelle, Edgar (opera), Edison Records, Edward Greenfield, Emanuele Muzio, EMI, Emilio De Marchi (tenor), Emmy Destinn, Enrico Caruso, Erich Leinsdorf, Ernest Newman, Eugenio Giraldoni, Fernando De Lucia, Francesco Cilea, Franco Zeffirelli, French horn, ..., French Revolution, Gabriel Fauré, Gavotte, Giacomo Puccini, Giovanni Paisiello, Giulio Ricordi, Giuseppe Borgatti, Giuseppe Cremonini, Giuseppe Di Stefano, Giuseppe Giacosa, Giuseppe Taddei, Giuseppe Verdi, Gramophone Company, Grand Guignol, Greek National Opera, Hariclea Darclée, Herbert von Karajan, HMV, Ildebrando Pizzetti, Ithaca, New York, James Bond in film, Job (biblical figure), Jonathan Miller, Joseph Kerman, Jubilee (Christianity), Julian Budden, Jussi Björling, Kingdom of Naples, La bohème, La Scala, La Tosca, La traviata, Leitmotif, Leo Slezak, Leonard Warren, Leone Giraldoni, Leontyne Price, Leopoldo Mugnone, Liborio Angelucci, Libretto, LP record, Luca Ronconi, Luciano Pavarotti, Luigi Illica, Luigi Pelloux, Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, Marcia Reale, Margherita of Savoy, Maria Callas, Maria Caniglia, Maria Jeritza, Mary Jane Phillips-Matz, Mary Magdalene, Mary, mother of Jesus, Matins, Melodrama, Messa (Puccini), Metropolitan Opera, Mexico City, Michael von Melas, Milka Ternina, Motif (music), Napoleon, Oliviero De Fabritiis, Opéra-Comique, Opera, Opera buffa, Operabase, Orwellian, Palazzo Farnese, Papal States, Parsifal, Pasquale Amato, Pastiche, Paul Dukas, Philharmonia Orchestra, Pietro Mascagni, Plácido Domingo, Plácido Domingo Jr., Pope Pius VI, Pope Pius VII, Prime Minister of Italy, RCA Records, Recitative, Recondita armonia, Richard Wagner, Rigoletto, Roberto Alagna, Roman Republic (18th century), Romanesco dialect, Royal Opera House, Ruggero Galli, Ruggero Raimondi, Sacristan, Sant'Andrea della Valle, Sarah Bernhardt, Shellac, Sicilian Mafia, Soprano, St. Peter's Basilica, Surrealism, Swiss Guards, Symphony No. 9 (Beethoven), Te Deum, Teatro dell'Opera di Roma, Tempo, Tenor, The Musical Times, Thomas Beecham, Through-composed, Tito Gobbi, Tosca (1953 EMI recording), University of Chicago Press, Valentina Bartolomasi, Victor de Sabata, Victor Talking Machine Company, Victorien Sardou, Vienna State Opera, Vissi d'arte, Voice type, World War I, Zinka Milanov. Expand index (122 more) »

Adolfo Hohenstein

Adolfo Hohenstein (Saint Petersburg, 18 March 1854 – Bonn, 12 April 1928) was a German painter, advertiser, illustrator, set designer and costume designer.

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Alberto Franchetti

Alberto Franchetti (18 September 18604 August 1942) was an Italian opera composer.

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Alessandria (Piedmontese: Lissandria) is a city and comune in Piedmont, Italy, and the capital of the Province of Alessandria.

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Angela Gheorghiu

Angela Gheorghiu (née Burlacu; born 7 September 1965) is a Romanian soprano.

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The Angelus (Latin for "angel") is a Catholic devotion commemorating the Incarnation.

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Antonio Pappano

Sir Antonio "Tony" Pappano (born 30 December 1959) is an English-Italian conductor and pianist and music director of the Royal Opera House since 2002.

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Antonio Scotti

Antonio Scotti (25 January 1866 – 26 February 1936) was an Italian baritone.

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Apollo Granforte

Apollo Granforte (20 July 1886, Legnano – 11 June 1975, Milan) was an Italian opera singer and one of the leading baritones active during the inter-war period of the 20th century.

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An aria (air; plural: arie, or arias in common usage, diminutive form arietta or ariette) in music was originally any expressive melody, usually, but not always, performed by a singer.

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Arturo Toscanini

Arturo Toscanini (March 25, 1867 – January 16, 1957) was an Italian conductor.

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Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.

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Attilio Salvaneschi

Attilio Salvaneschi (1873–1938) was an Italian operatic tenor.

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A baritone is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range lies between the bass and the tenor voice types.

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Bass (voice type)

A bass is a type of classical male singing voice and has the lowest vocal range of all voice types.

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Battle of Marengo

The Battle of Marengo was fought on 14 June 1800 between French forces under Napoleon Bonaparte and Austrian forces near the city of Alessandria, in Piedmont, Italy.

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B♭ (musical note)

B (B-flat; also called si bémol) is the eleventh step of the Western chromatic scale (starting from C).

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Beniamino Gigli

Beniamino Gigli (20 March 1890 – 30 November 1957) was an Italian opera singer.

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Boca Raton, Florida

Boca Raton (lit) is the southernmost city in Palm Beach County, Florida, United States, first incorporated on August 2, 1924 as "Bocaratone," and then incorporated as "Boca Raton" in 1925.

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Boy soprano

A boy soprano is a young male singer with an unchanged voice in the soprano range.

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Bregenzer Festspiele

Bregenzer Festspiele (Bregenz Festival) is a performing arts festival which is held every July and August in Bregenz, Austria.

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A cantata (literally "sung", past participle feminine singular of the Italian verb cantare, "to sing") is a vocal composition with an instrumental accompaniment, typically in several movements, often involving a choir.

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Carlo Sabajno

Carlo Sabajno (1874 in Rosasco, Italy – 1938 in Milan) was an Italian conductor.

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Carmen Melis

Carmen Melis (15 August 1885 – 19 December 1967) was an Italian operatic soprano who had a major international career during the first four decades of the 20th century.

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Casa Ricordi

Casa Ricordi is a publisher of primarily classical music and opera.

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Castel Sant'Angelo

The Mausoleum of Hadrian, usually known as Castel Sant'Angelo (English: Castle of the Holy Angel), is a towering cylindrical building in Parco Adriano, Rome, Italy.

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Catherine Malfitano

Catherine Malfitano (born 18 April 1948) is an American operatic soprano and opera director.

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C♯ (musical note)

C (C-sharp) is a musical note lying a chromatic semitone above C and a diatonic semitone below D. C-sharp is thus enharmonic to flat.

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Charles Osborne (music writer)

Charles Thomas Osborne (24 November 1927 – 23 September 2017) was an Australian journalist, theatre and opera critic, poet and novelist.

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In music, a counter-melody (often countermelody) is a sequence of notes, perceived as a melody, written to be played simultaneously with a more prominent lead melody; a secondary melody played in counterpoint with the primary melody.

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David Parry (conductor)

David Parry (born 23 March 1949) is an English conductor who is particularly known for his work within the field of opera.

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Deborah Burton

Deborah Burton (born 1954) is an American music theorist, pianist, and academic.

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Dover Publications

Dover Publications, also known as Dover Books, is an American book publisher founded in 1941 by Hayward Cirker and his wife, Blanche.

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A duet is a musical composition for two performers in which the performers have equal importance to the piece, often a composition involving two singers or two pianists.

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DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.

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E lucevan le stelle

"" ("And the stars were shining") is a romantic aria from the third act of Giacomo Puccini's opera Tosca from 1900, composed to an Italian libretto by Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa.

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Edgar (opera)

Edgar is an operatic dramma lirico in three acts (originally four acts) by Giacomo Puccini to an Italian libretto by Ferdinando Fontana, freely based on the play in verse La Coupe et les lèvres by Alfred de Musset.

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Edison Records

Edison Records was one of the earliest record labels which pioneered sound recording and reproduction and was an important player in the early recording industry.

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Edward Greenfield

Edward Harry Greenfield OBE (3 July 1928 – 1 July 2015) was an English music critic and broadcaster.

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Emanuele Muzio

Donnino Emanuele Muzio (or Mussio) (24 August 1821 in Zibello – 27 November 1890 in Paris) was an Italian composer, conductor and vocal teacher.

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EMI Group Limited (originally an initialism for Electric and Musical Industries and also referred to as EMI Records Ltd.) was a British multinational conglomerate founded in March 1931 in London.

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Emilio De Marchi (tenor)

Emilio De Marchi (January 6, 1861 – March 20, 1917) was an Italian operatic tenor.

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Emmy Destinn

Emmy Destinn (26 February 1878 – 28 January 1930) was a Czech operatic soprano with a strong and soaring lyric-dramatic voice.

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Enrico Caruso

Enrico Caruso (25 February 1873 – 2 August 1921) was an Italian operatic tenor.

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Erich Leinsdorf

Erich Leinsdorf (born Erich Landauer; February 4, 1912 – September 11, 1993) was an Austrian-born American conductor.

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Ernest Newman

Ernest Newman (30 November 1868 – 7 July 1959) was an English music critic and musicologist.

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Eugenio Giraldoni

Eugenio Giraldoni (20 May 1871, Marseille – 23 June 1924, Helsinki) was an Italian operatic baritone who enjoyed a substantial international career.

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Fernando De Lucia

Fernando De Lucia (11 October 1860 or 1 September 1861 – 21 February 1925) was an Italian opera tenor and singing teacher who enjoyed an international career.

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Francesco Cilea

Francesco Cilea (also Cilèa; Palmi, 23 July 1866 – Varazze, 20 November 1950) was an Italian composer.

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Franco Zeffirelli

Franco Zeffirelli, KBE Grande Ufficiale OMRI (born 12 February 1923) is an Italian director and producer of operas, films and television.

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French horn

The French horn (since the 1930s known simply as the "horn" in some professional music circles) is a brass instrument made of tubing wrapped into a coil with a flared bell.

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French Revolution

The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.

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Gabriel Fauré

Gabriel Urbain Fauré (12 May 1845 – 4 November 1924) was a French composer, organist, pianist and teacher.

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The gavotte (also gavot, gavote, or gavotta) is a French dance, taking its name from a folk dance of the Gavot, the people of the Pays de Gap region of Dauphiné in the southeast of France, where the dance originated according to one source.

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Giacomo Puccini

Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (22 December 1858 29 November 1924) was an Italian opera composer who has been called "the greatest composer of Italian opera after Verdi".

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Giovanni Paisiello

Giovanni Paisiello (or Paesiello; 9 May 1740 – 5 June 1816) was an Italian composer of the Classical era, and was the most popular opera composer of the late 1700s.

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Giulio Ricordi

Giulio Ricordi (19 December 1840 in Milan – 6 June 1912 in Milan) was an Italian editor and musician who joined the family firm, the Casa Ricordi music publishing house, in 1863, then run by his father, Tito, the son of the company's founder Giovanni Ricordi.

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Giuseppe Borgatti

Giuseppe Borgatti (Cento, March 17, 1871 – Reno di Leggiuno, October 18, 1950) was an Italian dramatic tenor with an outstanding voice.

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Giuseppe Cremonini

Giuseppe Cremonini (25 November 1866 – 9 May 1903) was an Italian operatic tenor who had a prominent opera career in Europe and the United States during the last decade of the nineteenth century.

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Giuseppe Di Stefano

Giuseppe Di Stefano (24 July 19213 March 2008) was an Italian operatic tenor, one of the most beautiful voices who sang professionally from the mid 1940s until the early 1990s.

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Giuseppe Giacosa

Giuseppe Giacosa (21 October 1847 – 1 September 1906) was an Italian poet, playwright and librettist.

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Giuseppe Taddei

Giuseppe Taddei (26 June 1916 – 2 June 2010) was an Italian lyric baritone, who performed mostly the operas of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Giuseppe Verdi.

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Giuseppe Verdi

Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (9 or 10 October 1813 – 27 January 1901) was an Italian opera composer.

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Gramophone Company

The Gramophone Company, based in the United Kingdom and founded on behalf of Emil Berliner, was one of the early recording companies, the parent organisation for the His Master's Voice (HMV) label, and the European affiliate of the American Victor Talking Machine Company.

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Grand Guignol

Le Théâtre du Grand-Guignol ("The Theatre of the Great Puppet") — known as the Grand Guignol — was a theatre in the Pigalle area of Paris (at 20 bis). From its opening in 1897 until its closing in 1962, it specialised in naturalistic horror shows.

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Greek National Opera

The Greek National Opera (Εθνική Λυρική Σκηνή) is the country's state lyric opera company, located in the Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Center at the south suburb of Athens, Palaio Faliro.

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Hariclea Darclée

Hariclea Darclée (né Haricli; later Hartulari; 10 June 1860 – 12 January 1939) was a celebrated Romanian operatic soprano of Greek origin who had a three-decade-long career.

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Herbert von Karajan

Herbert von Karajan (born Heribert Ritter von Karajan; 5 April 1908 – 16 July 1989) was an Austrian conductor.

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HMV Retail Ltd. is an entertainment retailing company (registered in England) operating in the United Kingdom.

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Ildebrando Pizzetti

Ildebrando Pizzetti (20 September 1880 – 13 February 1968) was an Italian composer of classical music, musicologist and music critic.

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Ithaca, New York

Ithaca is a city in the Finger Lakes region of New York.

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James Bond in film

The James Bond film series is a British series of spy films based on the fictional character of MI6 agent James Bond, "007", who originally appeared in a series of books by Ian Fleming.

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Job (biblical figure)

Job is the central figure of the Book of Job in the Bible.

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Jonathan Miller

Sir Jonathan Wolfe Miller, CBE (born 21 July 1934) is an English theatre and opera director, actor, author, television presenter, humourist, and medical doctor.

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Joseph Kerman

Joseph Wilfred Kerman (April 3, 1924 – March 17, 2014) was an American critic and musicologist.

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Jubilee (Christianity)

In Judaism and Christianity, the concept of the Jubilee is a special year of remission of sins and universal pardon.

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Julian Budden

Julian Medforth Budden (9 April 1924 in Hoylake, Wirral – 28 February 2007 in Florence, Italy) was a British opera scholar, radio producer and broadcaster.

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Jussi Björling

Johan Jonatan "Jussi" Björling (5 February 19119 September 1960) was a Swedish tenor.

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Kingdom of Naples

The Kingdom of Naples (Regnum Neapolitanum; Reino de Nápoles; Regno di Napoli) comprised that part of the Italian Peninsula south of the Papal States between 1282 and 1816.

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La bohème

La bohème is an opera in four acts,Puccini called the divisions quadro, a tableau or "image", rather than atto (act).

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La Scala

La Scala (abbreviation in Italian language for the official name Teatro alla Scala) is an opera house in Milan, Italy.

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La Tosca

La Tosca is a five-act drama by the 19th-century French playwright Victorien Sardou.

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La traviata

La traviata (The Fallen Woman)Meadows, p. 582 is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi set to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave.

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A leitmotif or leitmotiv is a "short, constantly recurring musical phrase"Kennedy (1987), Leitmotiv associated with a particular person, place, or idea.

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Leo Slezak

Leo Slezak (18 August 1873 – 1 June 1946) was a world-famous Moravian tenor.

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Leonard Warren

Leonard Warren (April 21, 1911 – March 4, 1960) was an American opera singer.

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Leone Giraldoni

Leone Giraldoni (born 4 July 1824, Paris – died 19 September 1897, Moscow) was a celebrated Italian operatic baritone.

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Leontyne Price

Mary Violet Leontyne Price (born February 10, 1927) is an American soprano.

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Leopoldo Mugnone

Leopoldo Mugnone (29 September 1858 in Naples – 22 December 1941 in Capodichino, Naples) was an Italian conductor, especially of opera, whose most famous work was done in the period 1890-1920, both in Europe and South America.

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Liborio Angelucci

Liborio Angelucci (born 1746, Rome; died 1811, Milan) was an Italian physician and politician.

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A libretto is the text used in, or intended for, an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, oratorio, cantata or musical.

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LP record

The LP (from "long playing" or "long play") is an analog sound storage medium, a vinyl record format characterized by a speed of rpm, a 12- or 10-inch (30 or 25 cm) diameter, and use of the "microgroove" groove specification.

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Luca Ronconi

Luca Ronconi (8 March 1933 – 21 February 2015) was an Italian actor, theater director, and opera director.

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Luciano Pavarotti

Luciano Pavarotti, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI (12 October 19356 September 2007) was an Italian operatic tenor who also crossed over into popular music, eventually becoming one of the most commercially successful tenors of all time.

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Luigi Illica

Luigi Illica (9 May 1857 – 16 December 1919) was an Italian librettist who wrote for Giacomo Puccini (usually with Giuseppe Giacosa), Pietro Mascagni, Alfredo Catalani, Umberto Giordano, Baron Alberto Franchetti and other important Italian composers.

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Luigi Pelloux

Luigi Gerolamo Pelloux (La Roche-sur-Foron, 1 March 1839 – Bordighera, 26 October 1924) was an Italian general and politician, born of parents who retained their Italian nationality when Savoy was annexed to France.

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Maggio Musicale Fiorentino

The Maggio Musicale Fiorentino is an annual Italian arts festival in Florence, including a notable opera festival, under the auspices of the Opera di Firenze.

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Marcia Reale

The "Marcia Reale d'Ordinanza" or "Fanfara Reale" (Royal March of Ordinance / Royal Fanfare) was the official national anthem of the Kingdom of Italy between 1861 and 1946.

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Margherita of Savoy

Margherita of Savoy (Margherita Maria Teresa Giovanna; 20 November 1851 – 4 January 1926) was the Queen consort of the Kingdom of Italy by marriage to Umberto I.

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Maria Callas

Maria Callas, Commendatore OMRI (Μαρία Κάλλας; December 2, 1923 – September 16, 1977) was a New York-born Greek soprano, one of the most renowned and influential opera singers of the 20th century.

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Maria Caniglia

Maria Caniglia (5 May 1905 – 16 April 1979) was one of the leading Italian dramatic sopranos of the 1930s and 1940s.

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Maria Jeritza

Maria Jeritza (6 October 188710 July 1982) was a Czech soprano singer, long associated with the Vienna State Opera (1912–1935) and the Metropolitan Opera (1921–1932 and 1951).

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Mary Jane Phillips-Matz

Mary Jane Phillips-Matz (January 30, 1926 – January 19, 2013) was an American biographer and writer on opera.

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Mary Magdalene

Saint Mary Magdalene, sometimes called simply the Magdalene, was a Jewish woman who, according to the four canonical gospels, traveled with Jesus as one of his followers and was a witness to his crucifixion, burial, and resurrection.

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Mary, mother of Jesus

Mary was a 1st-century BC Galilean Jewish woman of Nazareth, and the mother of Jesus, according to the New Testament and the Quran.

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Matins is the monastic nighttime liturgy, ending at dawn, of the canonical hours.

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A melodrama is a dramatic work in which the plot, which is typically sensational and designed to appeal strongly to the emotions, takes precedence over detailed characterization.

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Messa (Puccini)

Giacomo Puccini's Messa or Messa a quattro voci (currently more widely known under the apocryphal name of Messa di Gloria) is a Mass composed for orchestra and four-part choir with tenor, bass and baritone soloists.

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Metropolitan Opera

The Metropolitan Opera is an opera company based in New York City, resident at the Metropolitan Opera House at the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.

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Mexico City

Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.

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Michael von Melas

Michael Friedrich Benedikt Baron von Melas (12 May 1729 – 31 May 1806) was a Transylvanian-born field marshal of Saxon descent for the Austrian Empire during the Napoleonic Wars.

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Milka Ternina

Milka Ternina (née Katarina Milka Trnina, pronounced; December 19, 1863 – May 18, 1941) was a Croatian dramatic soprano who enjoyed a high reputation in major American and European opera houses.

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Motif (music)

In music, a motif (also motive) is a short musical idea, a salient recurring figure, musical fragment or succession of notes that has some special importance in or is characteristic of a composition: "The motive is the smallest structural unit possessing thematic identity".

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Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.

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Oliviero De Fabritiis

Oliviero De Fabritiis (13 June 190212 August 1982) was an Italian conductor and composer.

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The Opéra-Comique is a Parisian opera company, which was founded around 1714 by some of the popular theatres of the Parisian fairs.

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Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.

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Opera buffa

Opera buffa ("comic opera", plural: opere buffe) is a genre of opera.

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Operabase is an online database of opera performances, opera houses and companies, and performers themselves as well as their agents.

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"Orwellian" is an adjective describing a situation, idea, or societal condition that George Orwell identified as being destructive to the welfare of a free and open society.

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Palazzo Farnese

Palazzo Farnese or Farnese Palace is one of the most important High Renaissance palaces in Rome.

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Papal States

The Papal States, officially the State of the Church (Stato della Chiesa,; Status Ecclesiasticus; also Dicio Pontificia), were a series of territories in the Italian Peninsula under the direct sovereign rule of the Pope, from the 8th century until 1870.

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Parsifal (WWV 111) is an opera in three acts by German composer Richard Wagner.

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Pasquale Amato

Pasquale Amato (21 March 1878 – 12 August 1942) was an Italian operatic baritone.

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A pastiche is a work of visual art, literature, theatre, or music that imitates the style or character of the work of one or more other artists.

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Paul Dukas

Paul Abraham Dukas (1 October 1865 – 17 May 1935) was a French composer, critic, scholar and teacher.

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Philharmonia Orchestra

The Philharmonia Orchestra is a British orchestra based in London.

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Pietro Mascagni

Pietro Antonio Stefano Mascagni (7 December 1863 – 2 August 1945) was an Italian composer most noted for his operas.

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Plácido Domingo

José Plácido Domingo Embil, (born 21 January 1941), known as Plácido Domingo, is a Spanish tenor, conductor and arts administrator.

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Plácido Domingo Jr.

Plácido Domingo Jr. (born 1965), also known as Plácido and Plácido Jr., is a Mexican-Spanish singer, songwriter, composer, and record producer.

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Pope Pius VI

Pope Pius VI (25 December 1717 – 29 August 1799), born Count Giovanni Angelo Braschi, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 15 February 1775 to his death in 1799.

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Pope Pius VII

Pope Pius VII (14 August 1742 – 20 August 1823), born Barnaba Niccolò Maria Luigi Chiaramonti, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 14 March 1800 to his death in 1823.

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Prime Minister of Italy

The President of the Council of Ministers of the Italian Republic (Italian: Presidente del Consiglio dei ministri della Repubblica Italiana), commonly referred to in Italy as Presidente del Consiglio, or informally as Premier and known in English as the Prime Minister of Italy, is the head of government of the Italian Republic.

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RCA Records

RCA Records (formerly legally traded as the RCA Records Label) is an American record label owned by Sony Music, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America.

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Recitative (also known by its Italian name "recitativo") is a style of delivery (much used in operas, oratorios, and cantatas) in which a singer is allowed to adopt the rhythms of ordinary speech.

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Recondita armonia

"Recondita Armonia" is the first romanza in the opera Tosca, by Giacomo Puccini.

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Richard Wagner

Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas").

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Rigoletto is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi.

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Roberto Alagna

Roberto Alagna (born 7 June 1963) is a French tenor.

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Roman Republic (18th century)

The Roman Republic was proclaimed on 15 February 1798 after Louis Alexandre Berthier, a general of Napoleon, had invaded the city of Rome on 10 February.

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Romanesco dialect

Romanesco is a variety of regional Italian spoken in the Metropolitan City of Rome Capital, especially in the core city.

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Royal Opera House

The Royal Opera House (ROH) is an opera house and major performing arts venue in Covent Garden, central London.

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Ruggero Galli

Ruggero Galli was an Italian operatic bass who had an active career during the late 19th and early 20th century.

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Ruggero Raimondi

Ruggero Raimondi (born 3 October 1941) is an Italian bass-baritone opera singer who has also appeared in motion pictures.

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A sacristan is an officer charged with care of the sacristy, the church, and their contents.

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Sant'Andrea della Valle

Sant'Andrea della Valle is a minor basilica in the rione of Sant'Eustachio of the city of Rome, Italy.

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Sarah Bernhardt

Sarah Bernhardt (22 or 23 October 1844 – 26 March 1923) was a French stage actress who starred in some of the most popular French plays of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, including La Dame Aux Camelias by Alexandre Dumas, ''fils'', Ruy Blas by Victor Hugo, Fédora and La Tosca by Victorien Sardou, and L'Aiglon by Edmond Rostand.

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Shellac is a resin secreted by the female lac bug, on trees in the forests of India and Thailand.

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Sicilian Mafia

The Sicilian Mafia, also known as simply the Mafia and frequently referred to by members as Cosa Nostra (this thing of ours), is a criminal syndicate in Sicily, Italy.

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A soprano is a type of classical female singing voice and has the highest vocal range of all voice types.

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St. Peter's Basilica

The Papal Basilica of St.

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Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings.

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Swiss Guards

Swiss Guards (Gardes Suisses; Schweizergarde) are the Swiss soldiers who have served as guards at foreign European courts since the late 15th century.

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Symphony No. 9 (Beethoven)

The Symphony No.

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Te Deum

The Te Deum (also known as Ambrosian Hymn or A Song of the Church) is an early Christian hymn of praise.

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Teatro dell'Opera di Roma

The Teatro dell'Opera di Roma (Rome Opera House) is an opera house in Rome, Italy.

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In musical terminology, tempo ("time" in Italian; plural: tempi) is the speed or pace of a given piece.

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Tenor is a type of classical male singing voice, whose vocal range is normally the highest male voice type, which lies between the baritone and countertenor voice types.

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The Musical Times

The Musical Times is an academic journal of classical music edited and produced in the United Kingdom and currently the oldest such journal still being published in that country.

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Thomas Beecham

Sir Thomas Beecham, 2nd Baronet, CH (29 April 18798 March 1961) was an English conductor and impresario best known for his association with the London Philharmonic and the Royal Philharmonic orchestras.

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In music theory about musical form, through-composed music is relatively continuous, non-sectional, or non-repetitive music.

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Tito Gobbi

Tito Gobbi (24 October 19135 March 1984) was an Italian operatic baritone with an international reputation.

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Tosca (1953 EMI recording)

The 1953 EMI recording of Giacomo Puccini's Tosca conducted by Victor de Sabata, with Maria Callas, Giuseppe Di Stefano and Tito Gobbi, is considered by many opera critics to be one of the most notable opera recordings of the 1950s.

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University of Chicago Press

The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.

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Valentina Bartolomasi

Valentina Bartolomasi (1889–1932) was an Italian soprano who had a major opera career from 1910 through 1927.

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Victor de Sabata

Victor de Sabata (10 April 1892 – 11 December 1967) was an Italian conductor and composer.

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Victor Talking Machine Company

The Victor Talking Machine Company was an American record company and phonograph manufacturer headquartered in Camden, New Jersey.

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Victorien Sardou

Victorien Sardou (5 September 1831 – 8 November 1908) was a French dramatist.

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Vienna State Opera

The Vienna State Opera (German) is an Austrian opera house and opera company based in Vienna, Austria.

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Vissi d'arte

"Vissi d'arte" is a soprano aria from act 2 of the opera Tosca by Giacomo Puccini.

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Voice type

A voice type classifies a singing voice by vocal range, vocal weight, tessitura, vocal timbre, vocal transition points (passaggia) like breaks and lifts, and vocal register.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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Zinka Milanov

Zinka Milanov (May 17, 1906 – May 30, 1989) was a Croatian-born operatic spinto soprano who had a major career centered on the Metropolitan Opera in New York City.

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Redirects here:

Baron Scarpia, Mario Cavaradossi, PUCCINI'S TOSCA.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tosca

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