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Toulon

Index Toulon

Toulon (Provençal: Tolon (classical norm), Touloun (Mistralian norm)) is a city in southern France and a large military harbour on the Mediterranean coast, with a major French naval base. [1]

210 relations: A50 autoroute, A57 autoroute, A8 autoroute, Aerospace engineering, Aix-en-Provence, Alain Mucchielli, Alan Lewrie, Algeria, Allies of World War II, Anatolia, Anchorite, Ancient Rome, André Kertész, Angélique (novel series), Anne Golon, Anthony Powell, Art school, Association football, Augustalis (bishop), Auguste Aiguier, Auguste Chabaud, Ève Lavallière, Édouard Boubat, Émile Colonne, Bagne of Toulon, Basketball, Bastien Salabanzi, Battle of Orbetello, Battle of Toulon (1944), Black Death, Boris Bede, Brigitte Roüan, Caesarius of Arles, Canton of Toulon-1, Canton of Toulon-2, Canton of Toulon-3, Canton of Toulon-4, Capucine, Cardinal Richelieu, Case Anton, Championnat National 2, Charles Camoin, Charles de Gaulle, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Charles VIII of France, Christian Dalger, Christo and Jeanne-Claude, Claude Viallat, Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean (France), Communes of France, ..., Communes of the Var department, Corsica, Cosquer Cave, Cyprian of Toulon, Cyril Saulnier, David Ginola, Delio Onnis, Departments of France, Dewey Lambdin, Didier Tarquin, Donald Judd, Duchy of Savoy, Dye, Espace 3000, Farinata, Félix Mayol, Félix Ziem, François Achille Bazaine, Francis I of France, Franco-Ottoman alliance, Free France, French aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle, French Navy, French Revolution, Gabriel Péri, Gallia Christiana, Gare de Toulon, Genoa, Georges-Eugène Haussmann, Gilbert Bécaud, Greeks, Groupama, Guy du Merle, Handball, Hayreddin Barbarossa, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Holy Roman Empire, Honoratus, Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, HTV Basket, Hubert Falco, Hyères, Jacques Le Goff, Jannis Kounellis, Jardin d'acclimatation du Mourillon, Jean Blondel, Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, Jean Joseph Marie Amiot, Jean Tigana, Jean Tournier, Jean-Baptiste Colbert, Jean-Pierre Thiollet, Joëlle Wintrebert, Joseph Conrad, Josuha Guilavogui, Jules Verne, Kaba Diawara, Kingdom of France, Kronstadt, La Spezia, Laurent Emmanuelli, Lúcio Costa, Les Misérables, Levant, Ligue nationale de basket, Ligures, LiLi Roquelin, List of Ancien Régime dioceses of France, List of rulers of Provence, LNB Pro A, Loïc Jean-Albert, Louis Duchesne, Louis XIV of France, Louvre, Mannheim, Manu Bertin, Marin (wind), Mars (mythology), Marseille, Maryse Joissains, Matar Fall, Maurice Arreckx, Maximilian I of Mexico, Météo-France, Métropole Toulon Provence Méditerranée, Mediterranean climate, Mediterranean Sea, Military port of Toulon, Mireille Darc, Mistral (wind), Murex, Music school, Napoleon, Napoleon III, Napoleonic Wars, National Division 1, National Rally (France), Navy, Nice, Norfolk, Virginia, Occitan language, Operation Dragoon, Operation Torch, Ottoman Empire, Ottoman wintering in Toulon, Palais des Sports de Toulon, Paleolithic, Paris–Nice, Paul Guigou, Per Kirkeby, Pope Leo I, Prefectures in France, Prince Eugene of Savoy, Provence, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Raimu, RC Toulonnais, Regions of France, Robert Busnel, Roman Catholic Diocese of Toulon, Rugby league, Rugby union, Sabine Paturel, Saracen, Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, Sébastien Squillaci, Scuttling of the French fleet in Toulon, Sean Scully, Siege of Toulon, Sirocco, Sister city, Skateboarding, Society of Jesus, Sol LeWitt, Sporting Club Toulon, Sporting Treiziste Toulonnais, Stade Mayol, Test pilot, The Rover (novel), Top 14, Toulon Cathedral, Toulon Opera, Toulon Saint-Cyr Var Handball, Toulon Tournament, Toulon–Hyères Airport, Tour Méditerranéen, Tour Royale, Toulon, Tramontane, University of Toulon, Var (department), Venus de Milo, Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia, Victor Hugo, Vik Muniz, Vincent Courdouan, Visigoths, War of the Spanish Succession, What's Become of Waring, Willy Ronis, Winds of Provence. Expand index (160 more) »

A50 autoroute

right The A50 autoroute is a French motorway connecting Marseille to Toulon.

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A57 autoroute

The A57 autoroute is a motorway in south eastern France.

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A8 autoroute

The A8 autoroute, also known as La Provençale, is a -long highway in France that runs between Aix-en-Provence and the A7 to the Côte d'Azur.

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Aerospace engineering

Aerospace engineering is the primary field of engineering concerned with the development of aircraft and spacecraft.

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Aix-en-Provence

Aix-en-Provence (Provençal Occitan: Ais de Provença in classical norm, or Ais de Prouvènço in Mistralian norm,, Aquae Sextiae), or simply Aix (medieval Occitan Aics), is a city-commune in the south of France, about north of Marseille.

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Alain Mucchielli

Alain Mucchielli is a French biochemist and public health physician born in Toulon (France) October 3, 1947.

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Alan Lewrie

Alan Lewrie (KB BT) is the fictional hero and main character of Dewey Lambdin's naval adventure series of novels set during the American and the French Revolutions and the Napoleonic Wars.

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Algeria

Algeria (الجزائر, familary Algerian Arabic الدزاير; ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ; Dzayer; Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast.

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Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

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Anatolia

Anatolia (Modern Greek: Ανατολία Anatolía, from Ἀνατολή Anatolḗ,; "east" or "rise"), also known as Asia Minor (Medieval and Modern Greek: Μικρά Ἀσία Mikrá Asía, "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, the Anatolian peninsula, or the Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.

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Anchorite

An anchorite or anchoret (female: anchoress; adj. anchoritic; from ἀναχωρητής, anachōrētḗs, "one who has retired from the world", from the verb ἀναχωρέω, anachōréō, signifying "to withdraw", "to retire") is someone who, for religious reasons, withdraws from secular society so as to be able to lead an intensely prayer-oriented, ascetic, or Eucharist-focused life.

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Ancient Rome

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.

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André Kertész

André Kertész (2 July 1894 – 28 September 1985), born Kertész Andor, was a Hungarian-born photographer known for his groundbreaking contributions to photographic composition and the photo essay.

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Angélique (novel series)

Angelique (original Angélique) is a series of 13 French historical adventure books by the novelist duo Anne and Serge Golon.

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Anne Golon

Anne Golon (17 December 1921 – 14 July 2017) was a French author, better known to English-speaking readers as Sergeanne Golon.

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Anthony Powell

Anthony Dymoke Powell (21 December 1905 – 28 March 2000) was an English novelist best known for his twelve-volume work A Dance to the Music of Time, published between 1951 and 1975.

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Art school

An art school is an educational institution with a primary focus on the visual arts, including fine art, especially illustration, painting, photography, sculpture, and graphic design.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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Augustalis (bishop)

Augustalis (fl. 5th century) was the first bishop of Toulon, according to some authorities.

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Auguste Aiguier

Louis Auguste Laurent Aiguier, a French marine painter, was born at Toulon in 1819, and died in that town in 1865.

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Auguste Chabaud

Auguste Chabaud (3 October 1882 in Nimes - 23 May 1955 in Graveson) was a French painter and sculptor.

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Ève Lavallière

Ève Lavallière, full name Eugénie Marie Pascaline Fenoglio, (1 April 1866 – 10 July 1929), was a French stage actress and later a noteworthy Catholic penitent and member of the Secular Franciscan Order.

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Édouard Boubat

Édouard Boubat (1923–1999) was a French photojournalist and art photographer.

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Émile Colonne

Émile Colonne (18 April 1885 – 13 May 1970) was a French baritone, a member of the troupe of the Théâtre de la Monnaie in Brussels.

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Bagne of Toulon

The Bagne of Toulon was the notorious prison in Toulon, France, made famous as the place of imprisonment of Jean Valjean, the hero of Les Misérables, the novel by Victor Hugo.

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Basketball

Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.

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Bastien Salabanzi

Bastien Salabanzi (born November 18, 1985 in Toulon, France) is a French professional skateboarder whose stance is regular.

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Battle of Orbetello

The Battle of Orbetello, also known as the Battle of Isola del Giglio, was a major naval engagement of the Franco-Spanish War of 1635.

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Battle of Toulon (1944)

The Battle of Toulon (1944) refers to the combat and other actions in World War II from August 20–26, 1944 which led to the liberation of Toulon by French forces under the command of General Edgard de Larminat.

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Black Death

The Black Death, also known as the Great Plague, the Black Plague, or simply the Plague, was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351.

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Boris Bede

Boris Bede (born November 20, 1989) is a French-born Canadian football placekicker and punter for the Montreal Alouettes of the Canadian Football League (CFL).

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Brigitte Roüan

Brigitte Roüan (born 28 September 1946) is a French director, screenwriter and actress.

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Caesarius of Arles

Saint Caesarius of Arles (Caesarius Arelatensis; 468/470 27 August 542 AD), sometimes called "of Chalon" (Cabillonensis or Cabellinensis) from his birthplace Chalon-sur-Saône, was the foremost ecclesiastic of his generation in Merovingian Gaul.

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Canton of Toulon-1

The canton of Toulon-1 is an administrative division of the Var department, southeastern France.

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Canton of Toulon-2

The canton of Toulon-2 is an administrative division of the Var department, southeastern France.

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Canton of Toulon-3

The canton of Toulon-3 is an administrative division of the Var department, southeastern France.

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Canton of Toulon-4

The canton of Toulon-4 is an administrative division of the Var department, southeastern France.

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Capucine

Capucine (6 January 192817 March 1990) was a French fashion model and actress known for her comedic roles in The Pink Panther (1963) and What's New Pussycat? (1965).

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Cardinal Richelieu

Cardinal Armand Jean du Plessis, 1st Duke of Richelieu and Fronsac (9 September 15854 December 1642), commonly referred to as Cardinal Richelieu (Cardinal de Richelieu), was a French clergyman, nobleman, and statesman.

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Case Anton

Operation Anton, or Fall Anton, in German, was the codename for the military occupation of Vichy France carried out by Germany and Italy in November 1942.

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Championnat National 2

The Championnat National 2, commonly known as National 2 and formerly known as Championnat de France Amateur (CFA), is a football league competition.

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Charles Camoin

Charles Camoin (23 September 1879 – 20 May 1965) was a French expressionist landscape painter associated with the Fauves.

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Charles de Gaulle

Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France.

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Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor

Charles V (Carlos; Karl; Carlo; Karel; Carolus; 24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of both the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and the Spanish Empire (as Charles I of Spain) from 1516, as well as of the lands of the former Duchy of Burgundy from 1506.

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Charles VIII of France

Charles VIII, called the Affable, l'Affable (30 June 1470 – 7 April 1498), was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1483 to his death in 1498.

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Christian Dalger

Christian Dalger (born 19 December 1949 in Nîmes, Gard) is a former French footballer who played striker, who earned six international caps for the French national team during the 1970s, scoring two goals.

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Christo and Jeanne-Claude

Christo Vladimirov Javacheff and Jeanne-Claude are a married couple who created environmental works of art.

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Claude Viallat

Claude Viallat (born 1936) is a French contemporary painter.

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Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean (France)

The French Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean, (Commandant En Chef pour la 'Mediterranée) ((C)ommandant (E)n (C)hef pour la (MED)iterranée) is commandant of the maritime arrondissement Mediterranean.

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Communes of France

The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic.

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Communes of the Var department

The following is a list of the 153 communes of the Var department of France.

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Corsica

Corsica (Corse; Corsica in Corsican and Italian, pronounced and respectively) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 18 regions of France.

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Cosquer Cave

The Cosquer cave is located in the Calanque de Morgiou in Marseille, France, near Cap Morgiou.

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Cyprian of Toulon

Saint Cyprian of Toulon (Cyprianus Tolonensis) (476 – October 3, 546) was bishop of Toulon during the 6th century.

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Cyril Saulnier

Cyril Saulnier (born 16 August 1975) is a retired French tennis player.

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David Ginola

David Désiré Marc Ginola (born 25 January 1967) is a French former international football player who has also worked as an actor, model and football pundit.

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Delio Onnis

Delio Onnis (born 24 March 1948) is an Argentine former football striker.

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Departments of France

In the administrative divisions of France, the department (département) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the commune.

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Dewey Lambdin

Dewey Lambdin (born 1945) is an American nautical historical novelist.

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Didier Tarquin

Didier Tarquin is a French cartoonist and scenarist.

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Donald Judd

Donald Judd (June 3, 1928February 12, 1994) was an American artist associated with minimalism (a term he nonetheless stridently disavowed).

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Duchy of Savoy

From 1416 to 1860, the Duchy of Savoy (Duché de Savoie, Ducato di Savoia) was a state in Western Europe.

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Dye

A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied.

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Espace 3000

Espace 3000 is an indoor sporting arena located in Hyères, France.

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Farinata

Farinata, socca, torta di ceci, or cecina is a type of thin, unleavened pancake or crêpe of chickpea flour originating in Genoa and later a typical food of the Ligurian Sea coast, from Nice to Elba island.

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Félix Mayol

Félix Mayol (18 November 1872 – 26 October 1941) was a French singer and entertainer.

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Félix Ziem

Félix Ziem (26 February, 1821 – 10 November, 1911) was a French painter in the style of the Barbizon School, who also produced some Orientalist works.

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François Achille Bazaine

François Achille Bazaine (13 February 181123 September 1888) was an officer of the French army.

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Francis I of France

Francis I (François Ier) (12 September 1494 – 31 March 1547) was the first King of France from the Angoulême branch of the House of Valois, reigning from 1515 until his death.

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Franco-Ottoman alliance

The Franco-Ottoman alliance, also Franco-Turkish alliance, was an alliance established in 1536 between the king of France Francis I and the Turkish sultan of the Ottoman Empire Suleiman the Magnificent.

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Free France

Free France and its Free French Forces (French: France Libre and Forces françaises libres) were the government-in-exile led by Charles de Gaulle during the Second World War and its military forces, that continued to fight against the Axis powers as one of the Allies after the fall of France.

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French aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle

Charles de Gaulle is the flagship of the French Navy (Marine Nationale).

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French Navy

The French Navy (Marine Nationale), informally "La Royale", is the maritime arm of the French Armed Forces.

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French Revolution

The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.

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Gabriel Péri

Gabriel Péri (Peri) (February 9, 1902—December 15, 1941) was a prominent French Communist journalist and politician, and member of the French Resistance.

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Gallia Christiana

The Gallia Christiana, a type of work of which there have been several editions, is a documentary catalogue or list, with brief historical notices, of all the Catholic dioceses and abbeys of France from the earliest times, also of their occupants.

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Gare de Toulon

Gare de Toulon is a railway station serving the city Toulon, Var department, southeastern France.

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Genoa

Genoa (Genova,; Zêna; English, historically, and Genua) is the capital of the Italian region of Liguria and the sixth-largest city in Italy.

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Georges-Eugène Haussmann

Georges-Eugène Haussmann, commonly known as Baron Haussmann (27 March 180911 January 1891), was a prefect of the Seine Department of France chosen by Emperor Napoleon III to carry out a massive urban renewal program of new boulevards, parks and public works in Paris that is commonly referred to as Haussmann's renovation of Paris.

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Gilbert Bécaud

Gilbert Bécaud (24 October 1927 – 18 December 2001) was a French singer, composer, pianist and actor, known as "Monsieur 100,000 Volts" for his energetic performances.

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Greeks

The Greeks or Hellenes (Έλληνες, Éllines) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, southern Albania, Italy, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world.. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered on the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age.. Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople. Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization. The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Thessalonica, Alexandria, Smyrna, and Constantinople at various periods. Most ethnic Greeks live nowadays within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church.CIA World Factbook on Greece: Greek Orthodox 98%, Greek Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%. Greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, arts, exploration, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, science and technology, business, cuisine, and sports, both historically and contemporarily.

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Groupama

Groupama an abbreviation for Groupe des Assurances Mutuelles Agricoles (Group of Mutual Agricultural Insurances.) is a French insurance group headquartered in Paris with operations in 12 countries.

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Guy du Merle

Guy du Merle (1 January 1908 – 6 June 1993) was a French aeronautical engineer, test pilot and writer.

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Handball

Handball (also known as team handball, fieldball, European handball or Olympic handball) is a team sport in which two teams of seven players each (six outfield players and a goalkeeper) pass a ball using their hands with the aim of throwing it into the goal of the other team.

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Hayreddin Barbarossa

Hayreddin Barbarossa (Arabic: Khayr ad-Din Barbarus خير الدين بربروس), (Ariadenus Barbarussa), or Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha (Barbaros Hayreddin (Hayrettin) Paşa or Hızır Hayreddin (Hayrettin) Paşa; also Hızır Reis before being promoted to the rank of Pasha and becoming the Kapudan Pasha), born Khizr or Khidr (Turkish: Hızır; c. 1478 – 4 July 1546), was an Ottoman admiral of the fleet who was born on the island of Lesbos and died in Constantinople, the Ottoman capital.

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Henri Cartier-Bresson

Henri Cartier-Bresson (August 22, 1908 – August 3, 2004) was a French humanist photographer considered a master of candid photography, and an early user of 35 mm film.

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Holy Roman Empire

The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.

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Honoratus

Honoratus (Saint Honorat or Saint Honoré; c. 350 – January 6, 429) was an early Archbishop of Arles, who was also the Abbot of Lérins Abbey.

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Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson

Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, 1st Duke of Bronté, (29 September 1758 – 21 October 1805) was a British flag officer in the Royal Navy.

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HTV Basket

Hyères-Toulon Var Basket, also referred to as simply Hyères-Toulon or HTV, is a professional basketball club based in Hyères and Toulon, France playing in the LNB Pro A, as for the 2016–17 season.

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Hubert Falco

Hubert Falco (born 15 May 1947 in Pignans, Var) is a French politician who has been appointed Secretary of State for development of the territory in the government of François Fillon on 18 March 2008.

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Hyères

Hyères, Provençal Occitan: Ieras in classical norm, or Iero in Mistralian norm) is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France. The old town lies from the sea clustered around the Castle of Saint Bernard, which is set on a hill. Between the old town and the sea lies the pine-covered hill of Costebelle, which overlooks the peninsula of Giens. Hyères is the oldest resort on the French Riviera.

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Jacques Le Goff

Jacques Le Goff (1 January 1924 – 1 April 2014) was a French historian and prolific author specializing in the Middle Ages, particularly the 12th and 13th centuries.

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Jannis Kounellis

Jannis Kounellis (Γιάννης Κουνέλλης; 23 March 1936 – 16 February 2017) was a Greek Italian contemporary artist based in Rome.

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Jardin d'acclimatation du Mourillon

The Jardin d'acclimatation du Mourillon (8,000 m²) is a municipal botanical garden located at 1053 Littoral Frédéric Mistral, Le Mourillon, Toulon, Var, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France.

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Jean Blondel

Jean Blondel (born Toulon, 26 October 1929) is a French political scientist specialising in comparative politics.

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Jean de Lattre de Tassigny

Jean Joseph Marie Gabriel de Lattre de Tassigny, GCB, MC (2 February 1889 – 11 January 1952) was a French military commander in World War II and the First Indochina War.

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Jean Joseph Marie Amiot

Jean Joseph Marie Amiot (sometimes Amyot;; February 1718 - October 9, 1793) was a French Jesuit missionary in Qing China, during the reign of the Qianlong Emperor.

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Jean Tigana

Jean Amadou Tigana (born 23 June 1955) is a former French international footballer, having played in midfield and managed professional football extensively throughout France, including 52 appearances and one goal for the France national football team during the 1980s.

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Jean Tournier

Jean Tournier (April 3, 1926 – December 9, 2004) was a French cinematographer.

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Jean-Baptiste Colbert

Jean-Baptiste Colbert (29 August 1619 – 6 September 1683) was a French politician who served as the Minister of Finances of France from 1665 to 1683 under the rule of King Louis XIV.

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Jean-Pierre Thiollet

Jean-Pierre Thiollet (born December 9, 1956 in Poitiers) is a French writer and journalist.

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Joëlle Wintrebert

Joëlle Wintrebert (born 1949 in Toulon) is a French writer.

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Joseph Conrad

Joseph Conrad (born Józef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski; 3 December 1857 – 3 August 1924) was a Polish-British writer regarded as one of the greatest novelists to write in the English language.

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Josuha Guilavogui

Josuha Guilavogui (born 19 September 1990) is a French professional footballer who plays for VfL Wolfsburg as a defensive midfielder.

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Jules Verne

Jules Gabriel Verne (Longman Pronunciation Dictionary.; 8 February 1828 – 24 March 1905) was a French novelist, poet, and playwright.

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Kaba Diawara

Kaba Diawara (born 16 December 1975 in Toulon) is a Guinean media pundit and former footballer who played as a striker.

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Kingdom of France

The Kingdom of France (Royaume de France) was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Western Europe.

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Kronstadt

Kronstadt (Кроншта́дт), also spelled Kronshtadt, Cronstadt or Kronštádt (Krone for "crown" and Stadt for "city"; Kroonlinn), is a municipal town in Kronshtadtsky District of the federal city of Saint Petersburg, Russia, located on Kotlin Island, west of Saint Petersburg proper near the head of the Gulf of Finland.

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La Spezia

La Spezia (A Spèza in the local dialect of Spezzina), at the head of the Gulf of La Spezia in the southern part of the Liguria region of Northern Italy, is the capital city of the province of La Spezia.

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Laurent Emmanuelli

Laurent Emmanuelli, (born 19 September 1976 in Toulon) is a French rugby union player who plays as a prop for Top 14 side RC Toulon.

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Lúcio Costa

Lúcio Marçal Ferreira Ribeiro Lima Costa (27 February 1902 – 13 June 1998) was a Brazilian architect and urban planner, best known for his plan for Brasília.

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Les Misérables

Les Misérables is a French historical novel by Victor Hugo, first published in 1862, that is considered one of the greatest novels of the 19th century.

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Levant

The Levant is an approximate historical geographical term referring to a large area in the Eastern Mediterranean.

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Ligue nationale de basket

The Ligue nationale de basket (LNB) (English: National Basketball League) is the governing body of men's professional club basketball in France.

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Ligures

The Ligures (singular Ligus or Ligur; English: Ligurians, Greek: Λίγυες) were an ancient Indo-European people who appear to have originated in, and gave their name to, Liguria, a region of north-western Italy.

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LiLi Roquelin

LiLi Roquelin (born in Toulon, France) is a French-born American "adult contemporary music", post-trip hop and alternative rock singer, composer and songwriter from Astoria, Queens, New York City.

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List of Ancien Régime dioceses of France

French Ancien Régime Roman Catholic dioceses and ecclesiastical provinces were heirs of Late Roman civitates (themselves created out of Gaulish tribes) and provinces.

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List of rulers of Provence

The land of Provence has a history quite separate from that of any of the larger nations of Europe.

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LNB Pro A

The LNB Pro A, commonly known as Pro A and for sponsorship reasons named the Jeep Élite, is the top-tier level men's professional basketball league in France.

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Loïc Jean-Albert

Loïc Jean-Albert (b. 8 February 1978 in Toulon, but grew up on Réunion), known as the Flying Dude from a popular YouTube video, Loic is an expert parachuter, and among a group reported in 2007 to be developing and testing a wing suit for landing without a parachute.

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Louis Duchesne

Louis Marie Olivier Duchesne (13 September 1843 – 21 April 1922) was a French priest, philologist, teacher and a critical historian of Christianity and Roman Catholic liturgy and institutions.

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Louis XIV of France

Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 16381 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715.

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Louvre

The Louvre, or the Louvre Museum, is the world's largest art museum and a historic monument in Paris, France.

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Mannheim

Mannheim (Palatine German: Monnem or Mannem) is a city in the southwestern part of Germany, the third-largest in the German state of Baden-Württemberg after Stuttgart and Karlsruhe with a 2015 population of approximately 305,000 inhabitants.

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Manu Bertin

Emmanuel Bertin known as Manu Bertin (19 March 1963, in Toulon in France) is one of the pioneers of the sport of Kite surfing.

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Marin (wind)

The Marin is a warm, moist wind in the Gulf of Lion of France, blowing from the southeast or south-southeast onto the coast of Languedoc and Roussillon.

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Mars (mythology)

In ancient Roman religion and myth, Mars (Mārs) was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian, a combination characteristic of early Rome.

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Marseille

Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.

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Maryse Joissains

Maryse Joissains-Masini (born 15 August 1942), also known as Maryse Charton, is the mayor of Aix-en-Provence.

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Matar Fall

Matar Fall, also known as Martin Fall (born March 18, 1982 in Toulon, France) is a French-born Senegalese professional football player currently playing in French league CFA 2 for Sporting Toulon Var.

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Maurice Arreckx

Maurice Arreckx (13 December 1917 - 21 March 2001) was a French politician.

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Maximilian I of Mexico

Maximilian I (Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph; 6 July 1832 – 19 June 1867) was the only monarch of the Second Mexican Empire.

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Météo-France

Météo-France is the French national meteorological service.

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Métropole Toulon Provence Méditerranée

The Métropole Toulon Provence Méditerranée is the métropole, an intercommunal structure, centred on the city of Toulon.

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Mediterranean climate

A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by rainy winters and dry summers.

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Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.

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Military port of Toulon

The military port of Toulon (French - arsenal de Toulon) is the principal base of the French Navy and the premier naval base in Europe by size, sited in the city of Toulon.

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Mireille Darc

Mireille Darc (15 May 1938 – 28 August 2017) was a French model and actress.

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Mistral (wind)

The mistral (Mestral, Μαΐστρος, Maestrale, Corsican: Maestral) is a strong, cold, northwesterly wind that blows from southern France into the Gulf of Lion in the northern Mediterranean, with sustained winds often exceeding, sometimes reaching.

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Murex

Murex is a genus of medium to large sized predatory tropical sea snails.

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Music school

A music school is an educational institution specialized in the study, training, and research of music.

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Napoleon

Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.

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Napoleon III

Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Charles-Louis Napoléon Bonaparte; 20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the President of France from 1848 to 1852 and as Napoleon III the Emperor of the French from 1852 to 1870.

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Napoleonic Wars

The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.

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National Division 1

The National Division 1 is the third tier of rugby league in France, below the Elite Two Championship and above the National Division 2.

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National Rally (France)

The National Rally (Rassemblement national, RN), formerly known as the National Front (Front national,; FN) until 2018, is a right-wing populist and nationalist political party in France.

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Navy

A navy or maritime force is the branch of a nation's armed forces principally designated for naval and amphibious warfare; namely, lake-borne, riverine, littoral, or ocean-borne combat operations and related functions.

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Nice

Nice (Niçard Niça, classical norm, or Nissa, nonstandard,; Nizza; Νίκαια; Nicaea) is the fifth most populous city in France and the capital of the Alpes-Maritimes département.

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Norfolk, Virginia

Norfolk is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.

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Occitan language

Occitan, also known as lenga d'òc (langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language.

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Operation Dragoon

Operation Dragoon (initially Operation Anvil) was the code name for the Allied invasion of Southern France on 15August 1944.

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Operation Torch

Operation Torch (8–16 November 1942, formerly Operation Gymnast) was a Anglo–American invasion of French North Africa, during the North African Campaign of the Second World War.

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Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.

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Ottoman wintering in Toulon

The Ottoman wintering in Toulon occurred during the winter of 1543–44, following the Franco-Ottoman Siege of Nice, as part of the combined operations under the Franco-Ottoman alliance.

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Palais des Sports de Toulon

Palais des sports de Toulon, also known as Palais des sports Jauréguiberry is an indoor sporting arena located in Toulon, France.

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Paleolithic

The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic is a period in human prehistory distinguished by the original development of stone tools that covers c. 95% of human technological prehistory.

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Paris–Nice

Paris–Nice is a professional cycling stage race in France, held annually since 1933.

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Paul Guigou

Paul Camille Guigou (15 February 1834 – 21 December 1871) was a French landscape painter.

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Per Kirkeby

Per Kirkeby (1 September 1938 – 9 May 2018) was a Danish painter, poet, film maker and sculptor.

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Pope Leo I

Pope Saint Leo I (400 – 10 November 461), also known as Saint Leo the Great, was Pope from 29 September 440 and died in 461.

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Prefectures in France

A prefecture (préfecture) in France may refer to.

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Prince Eugene of Savoy

Prince Eugene of Savoy (French: François-Eugène de Savoie, Italian: Principe Eugenio di Savoia-Carignano, German: Prinz Eugen von Savoyen; 18 October 1663 – 21 April 1736) was a general of the Imperial Army and statesman of the Holy Roman Empire and the Archduchy of Austria and one of the most successful military commanders in modern European history, rising to the highest offices of state at the Imperial court in Vienna.

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Provence

Provence (Provençal: Provença in classical norm or Prouvènço in Mistralian norm) is a geographical region and historical province of southeastern France, which extends from the left bank of the lower Rhône River to the west to the Italian border to the east, and is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the south.

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Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (Provença-Aups-Còsta d'Azur; Provenza-Alpi-Costa Azzurra; PACA) is one of the 18 administrative regions of France.

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Raimu

Raimu was the stage name for the French actor Jules Auguste Muraire (18 December 1883 – 20 September 1946).

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RC Toulonnais

Rugby Club Toulonnais, also known as RCT but usually Toulon) (Rugbi Club Tolonenc) is a French professional rugby union club based in Toulon in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. A current participant in the first-tier Top 14 competition, they have won the national competition on four occasions. Established in 1908, Toulon currently play their home games at the Stade Mayol, although they have begun to take high-profile matches to the 60,000-seat Stade Vélodrome in Marseille, playing one match there in 2008–09 and two in both 2009–10 and 2010–11. The club colours are red and black. Toulon were Pro D2 champions in 2005, but after finishing 14th in the 2005-06 Top 14 season, they were relegated back down. After signing a number of high-profile players, the club made a strong run at promotion in the 2006–07 season, and succeeded in their promotion quest in 2007–08, winning that season's Pro D2 crown with two rounds to spare. They struggled to avoid relegation for much of the 2008–09 Top 14 season, but a late-season surge brought them to ninth place and safety. Their 2009–10 Top 14 season was more successful, with a second-place regular-season finish and a semi-final place domestically and a runner-up finish in the 2009–10 European Challenge Cup. In 2012, they again advanced to the Challenge Cup final, losing to Biarritz, and advanced to the Top 14 final, losing to Toulouse. In May 2013 Toulon won the 2013 Heineken Cup Final by 16–15 against Clermont Auvergne, and lost the Top 14 Final against Castres in June. They retained the Heineken Cup with a 23–6 win over Saracens in May 2014. They added a historic 3rd win in a row with a 24–18 win over Clermont in the 2015 final.

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Regions of France

France is divided into 18 administrative regions (région), including 13 metropolitan regions and 5 overseas regions.

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Robert Busnel

Robert Busnel (September 19, 1914 in Toulon, France – March 15, 1991 in France) was a French professional basketball player, coach, and administrator.

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Roman Catholic Diocese of Toulon

The former French Roman Catholic Diocese of Toulon existed until the Concordat of 1801.

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Rugby league

Rugby league football is a full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field.

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Rugby union

Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.

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Sabine Paturel

Sabine Paturel (born 19 September 1965) is a French singer and actress.

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Saracen

Saracen was a term widely used among Christian writers in Europe during the Middle Ages.

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Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban

Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, Seigneur de Vauban and later Marquis de Vauban (1 May 163330 March 1707), commonly referred to as Vauban, was a French military engineer who rose in the service to the king and was commissioned as a Marshal of France.

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Sébastien Squillaci

Sébastien Squillaci (born 11 August 1980) is a French professional footballer who currently plays as a central defender.

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Scuttling of the French fleet in Toulon

The French fleet in Toulon was scuttled on 27 November 1942 to avoid capture by Nazi German forces.

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Sean Scully

Sean Scully (born 30 June 1945) is an Irish-born American-based painter and printmaker who has twice been named a Turner Prize nominee.

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Siege of Toulon

The Siege of Toulon (29 August – 19 December 1793) was a military operation by Republican forces against a Royalist rebellion in the southern French city of Toulon.

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Sirocco

Sirocco, scirocco,, jugo or, rarely, siroc (Xaloc; Sciroccu; Σορόκος; Siroco; Siròc, Eisseròc; Jugo, literally southerly; Libyan Arabic: Ghibli; Egypt: khamsin; Tunisia: ch'hilli) is a Mediterranean wind that comes from the Sahara and can reach hurricane speeds in North Africa and Southern Europe, especially during the summer season.

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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Skateboarding

Skateboarding is an action sport which involves riding and performing tricks using a skateboard, as well as a recreational activity, an art form, a entertainment industry job, and a method of transportation.

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Society of Jesus

The Society of Jesus (SJ – from Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain.

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Sol LeWitt

Solomon "Sol" LeWitt (September 9, 1928 – April 8, 2007) was an American artist linked to various movements, including Conceptual art and Minimalism.

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Sporting Club Toulon

Sporting Club Toulon is a football club from Toulon, France, who currently play in the French fourth division (National 2). The club was founded in 1944 and played under that name until the 1999–2000 season when they were administratively reformed as Sporting Toulon Var.

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Sporting Treiziste Toulonnais

Sporting Treiziste Toulonnais are French Rugby League side based in Toulon, in the region of Provence-Alpes-Cote-d'Azur.

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Stade Mayol

The Stade Mayol is a multi-purpose stadium in Toulon, France.

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Test pilot

A test pilot is an aviator who flies new and modified aircraft in specific maneuvers, known as flight test techniques or FTTs, allowing the results to be measured and the design to be evaluated.

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The Rover (novel)

First-edition cover (publisher: T. Fisher Unwin) The Rover is the last complete novel by Joseph Conrad, written between 1921 and 1922.

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Top 14

The Top 14 is a professional rugby union club competition that is played in France created in 1892.

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Toulon Cathedral

Toulon Cathedral (Cathédrale Notre-Dame-de-la-Seds de Toulon; Notre-Dame-de-la-Sède de Toulon), also known as Sainte-Marie-Majeure, is a Roman Catholic church located in Toulon, in the Var department of France.

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Toulon Opera

The Toulon Opera (L'opéra de Toulon), inaugurated on 1 October 1862, is the second-largest opera house in France, after the Palais Garnier in Paris, although it opened thirteen years before the Garnier.

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Toulon Saint-Cyr Var Handball

Toulon Saint-Cyr Var Handball is a women's handball club based in Toulon, France.

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Toulon Tournament

The Toulon Tournament (officially the Festival International "Espoirs" - Tournoi Maurice Revello) is a football tournament which traditionally features invited national teams composed of under-21 players.

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Toulon–Hyères Airport

Toulon–Hyères Airport (Aéroport de Toulon – Hyères) is an airport serving Toulon, a commune in the Var department of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in France.

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Tour Méditerranéen

La Méditerranéenne, previously known as Tour Méditerranéen, is a professional road bicycle racing event held in Spain, France and Italy, close to the Mediterranean Seaside.

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Tour Royale, Toulon

The Tour Royale (also known as La Grosse Tour) is a fort built in the 16th century to protect the entrance of the Petit Rade, the naval port of Toulon.

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Tramontane

Tramontane is a classical name for a northern wind.

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University of Toulon

The University of Toulon (French: Université de Toulon or UTLN) is a French university located in Toulon, France and neighboring areas (La Garde, Saint-Raphaël, La Valette and Draguignan).

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Var (department)

The Var is a department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in Provence in southeastern France.

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Venus de Milo

Aphrodite of Milos (Αφροδίτη της Μήλου, Aphroditi tis Milou), better known as the Venus de Milo, is an ancient Greek statue and one of the most famous works of ancient Greek sculpture.

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Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia

Victor Amadeus II (Vittorio Amedeo Francesco; 14 May 1666 – 31 October 1732) was Duke of Savoy from 1675 to 1730.

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Victor Hugo

Victor Marie Hugo (26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement.

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Vik Muniz

Vik Muniz (born in 1961, São Paulo, Brazil) is a Brazilian artist and photographer.

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Vincent Courdouan

Joseph Vincent François Courdouan (7 March 1810, Toulon - 8 December 1893, Toulon) was a French painter who specialized in maritime scenes.

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Visigoths

The Visigoths (Visigothi, Wisigothi, Vesi, Visi, Wesi, Wisi; Visigoti) were the western branches of the nomadic tribes of Germanic peoples referred to collectively as the Goths.

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War of the Spanish Succession

The War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714) was a European conflict of the early 18th century, triggered by the death of the childless Charles II of Spain in November 1700.

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What's Become of Waring

What’s Become of Waring is the fifth novel by the English writer Anthony Powell.

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Willy Ronis

Willy Ronis (August 14, 1910September 12, 2009) was a French photographer.

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Winds of Provence

The Winds of Provence, the region of southeast France along the Mediterranean from the Alps to the mouth of the Rhone River, are an important feature of Provençal life, and each one has a traditional local name, in the Provençal language.

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Redirects here:

History of Toulon, Telo Martius, Toulon, France, Toulon, Var, Toulon-sur-Mer, Toulon-sur-mer.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toulon

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