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The Tower of Babel (or; מִגְדַּל בָּבֶל, Migddal Bāḇēl) is a story told in the Book of Genesis of the Tanakh (also referred to as the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament) meant to explain the origin of different languages. [1]

234 relations: A. S. Byatt, Abraham, Abu'l-Fida, Abydenus, Adam Darius, Adamic language, Admiralty Islands, Africa, Akkadian Empire, Akkadian language, Al-Bakri, Al-Masudi, Alexander Polyhistor, Alexander the Great, Amar-Sin, Amorites, Ancient Mesopotamian religion, António Vieira, Antiquities of the Jews, Anton Rubinstein, Aratta, Ashanti people, Asimov's Guide to the Bible, Asphalt, Assam, Augustine of Hippo, Auraicept na n-Éces, Avon (publisher), Bab (gateway), Babil Governorate, Babylon, Babylonia, Babylonian astronomy, Bahir, Bible, Book of Ether, Book of Genesis, Book of Jubilees, Book of Mormon, Book of Roads and Kingdoms (al-Bakrī), Book of the Bee, Borsippa, Burj Khalifa, Cambridge, Cave of Treasures, Central America, Chronicles of Jerahmeel, Circumference, Clement of Alexandria, Colosseum, ..., Confusion of tongues, Constructed language, Cradle of civilization, Cubic foot, Cubit, Cultural diversity, Damals, David Livingstone, David Rohl, Der Thurm zu Babel, Deuteronomist, Diana al-Hadid, Diego Durán, Diodorus Siculus, Documentary hypothesis, Dodanim, Dominican Order, Eber, Eiffel Tower, Elohist, Encounter Bay, Enki, Enmerkar, Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta, Ensign (LDS magazine), Enuma anu enlil, Epiphanius of Salamis, Eridu, Esagila, Estonia, Etemenanki, Etiology, Etymologiae, Evolutionary linguistics, Fénius Farsaid, Fear, Fernando de Alva Cortés Ixtlilxochitl, Folklore in the Old Testament Studies in Comparative Religion Legend and Law, Franks, Fritz Lang, Furlong, Gate, Generations of Noah, Genesis flood narrative, Gesta Hunnorum et Hungarorum, Gimlet (tool), Giovanni Villani, God, Goidelic languages, Grain, Great Mosque of Samarra, Great Pyramid of Cholula, Gregory of Tours, Haman (Islam), Hamazi, Harut and Marut, Hebrew Bible, Hebrew language, Hermes, Herodotus, Hillah, Hippolytus of Rome, Historia Brittonum, Historical linguistics, History of the Prophets and Kings, Hubert Howe Bancroft, Hubris, Human, Ilah, India, Institute of Contemporary Arts, Internal consistency of the Bible, Iraq, Irish language, Isaac Asimov, Isidore of Seville, J.E. Gordon, Jahwist, James George Frazer, Japhetites, Jared (founder of Jaredites), John Mandeville, Joktan, José de Acosta, Josephus, Josippon, Julius Wellhausen, K'iche' people, Kabbalah, Karbi people, Karen people, Kenya, Kongo people, Kuki people, Lake Ngami, Lebor Gabála Érenn, List of races and species in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, List of tallest structures in the world, Lombards, Lot (biblical person), Lozi mythology, Luccreth moccu Chiara, M. C. Escher, Maidu, Marduk, McGraw Hill Financial, Mesopotamia, Metropolis (1927 film), Midrash, Midrash HaGadol, Montezuma (mythology), Moses, Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari, Myanmar, Mythical origins of language, Nabopolassar, Naga people, Nahor, Nebuchadnezzar II, Nepal, Nimrod, Old Irish, Old Testament, Opera, Origin myth, Origin of language, Origin of speech, Orosius, Pace (unit), Pagoda, Panarion, Pharaoh, Philo, Phoroneus, Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Priestly source, Primary Chronicle, Prose Edda, Pseudepigrapha, Pseudo-Philo, Quran, Rabbinic literature, Red Karen, Richard Rowlands, Süddeutsche Zeitung, Schøyen Collection, Sefer haYashar (midrash), Septuagint, Shinar, Sibylline Oracles, SkyscraperPage, Snorri Sturluson, Solomon and Saturn, Stadion (unit), Stephen L. Harris, Strabo, Stromata, Subartu, Sumer, Syriac language, Tanakh, Tanzania, Tharu people, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The City of God (book), The Meadows of Gold, The Tower (Tarot card), The Tower of Babel (Bruegel), Third Dynasty of Ur, Timeline of three tallest structures in the world, Tlingit, Tohono O'odham people, Toltec, Torah, Tower of Babel (M. C. Escher), Tyrant, Ur, Uruk, Valley of Nimrod, Vetus Testamentum, Yahiya Emerick, Yaqut al-Hamawi, Ziggurat, 3 Baruch. Expand index (184 more) »

A. S. Byatt

Dame Antonia Susan Duffy, DBE (born 24 August 1936) — known as A. S. Byatt (— is an English novelist, poet and Booker Prize winner. In 2008, The Times newspaper named her on its list of the 50 greatest British writers since 1945.

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Abraham ((אַבְרָהָם)), originally Abram, is the first of the three biblical patriarchs.

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Abu al-Fida (أبو الفداء; or Abul-Fida' al-Ḥamawi or Abul Fida Ismail Hamvi, fully Abu Al-fida' Isma'il Ibn 'ali ibn Mahmud Al-malik Al-mu'ayyad 'imad Ad-din; also transliterated Abulfeda, Abu Alfida, etc.; November 1273 – October 27, 1331), was a Kurdish historian, geographer, and local governor of Hamāh.

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Abydenus (Αβυδηνός) was a Greek historian, and the author of a History of the Chaldeans and Assyrians, of which some fragments are preserved by Eusebius in his Praeparatio Evangelica, and by Cyril of Alexandria in his work against Julian.

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Adam Darius

Adam Darius (born 10 May 1930) is an American dancer, mime artist, writer and choreographer.

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Adamic language

The Adamic language is, according to Jews (as recorded in the midrashim) and some Christians, the language spoken by Adam (and possibly Eve) in the Garden of Eden.

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Admiralty Islands

The Admiralty Islands are an archipelago group of eighteen islands in the Bismarck Archipelago, to the north of New Guinea in the South Pacific Ocean.

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Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent.

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Akkadian Empire

The Akkadian Empire was an ancient Semitic empire centered in the city of Akkad and its surrounding region, also called Akkad in ancient Mesopotamia. The empire united all the indigenous Akkadian-speaking Semites and the Sumerian speakers under one rule. The Akkadian Empire controlled Mesopotamia, the Levant, and parts of Iran.Mish, Frederick C., Editor in Chief. "Akkad" Webster’s Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary. ninth ed. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster 1985. ISBN 0-87779-508-8). During the 3rd millennium BC, there developed a very intimate cultural symbiosis between the Sumerians and the Semitic Akkadians, which included widespread bilingualism. Akkadian gradually replaced Sumerian as a spoken language somewhere between the 3rd and the 2nd millennia BC (the exact dating being a matter of debate). The Akkadian Empire reached its political peak between the 24th and 22nd centuries BC, following the conquests by its founder Sargon of Akkad (2334–2279 BC). Under Sargon and his successors, Akkadian language was briefly imposed on neighboring conquered states such as Elam. Akkad is sometimes regarded as the first empire in history, though there are earlier Sumerian claimants. After the fall of the Akkadian Empire, the Akkadian people of Mesopotamia eventually coalesced into two major Akkadian speaking nations: Assyria in the north, and, a few centuries later, Babylonia in the south.

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Akkadian language

Akkadian (akkadû, ak.kADû) is an extinct east Semitic language (part of the greater Afroasiatic language family) that was spoken in ancient Mesopotamia.

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, or simply Al-Bakri (أبو عبيد عبدالله بن عبد العزيز البكري) (c. 1014–1094) was an Andalusian Muslim geographer and historian.

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Al-Mas'udi (أبو الحسن علي بن الحسين بن علي المسعودي,; –956) was an Arab historian and geographer.

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Alexander Polyhistor

Lucius Cornelius Alexander Polyhistor (Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Πολυΐστωρ; flourished in the first half of the 1st century B.C.; also called Alexander of Miletus) was a Greek scholar who was enslaved by the Romans during the Mithridatic War and taken to Rome as a tutor.

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Alexander the Great

Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας, Aléxandros ho Mégas, from the Greek ἀλέξω (alexō) "defend" and ἀνδρ- (andr-), the stem of ἀνήρ (anēr) "man" and means "protector of men") was a King (Basileus) of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;. and a member of the Argead dynasty, a famous ancient Greek royal house.

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Amar-Sin (initially read as Bur-Sin) (ca. 1981–1973 BCE short chronology) was the third ruler of the Ur III Dynasty.

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The Amorites (Sumerian 𒈥𒌅 MAR.TU; Akkadian Tidnum or Amurrūm; Egyptian Amar; Hebrew אמורי ʼĔmōrī; Ἀμορραῖοι) were an ancient Semitic-speaking people from ancient Syria who also occupied large parts of southern Mesopotamia from the 21st century BC to the end of the 17th century BC, where they established several prominent city states in existing locations, notably Babylon which was raised from a small administrative town to an independent state and major city.

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Ancient Mesopotamian religion

Mesopotamian religion refers to the religious beliefs and practices followed by the Sumerian and East Semitic Akkadian, Assyrian, Babylonian and later migrant Arameans and Chaldeans, living in Mesopotamia (a region encompassing modern Iraq, Kuwait, southeast Turkey and northeast Syria) that dominated the region for a period of 4200 years from the fourth millennium BCE throughout Mesopotamia to approximately the 10th century CE in Assyria.

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António Vieira

Father António Vieira (February 6, 1608, Lisbon, Portugal – July 18, 1697, Bahia, Portuguese Colony of Brazil) was a Portuguese Jesuit philosopher and writer, the "prince" of Catholic pulpit-orators of his time.

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Antiquities of the Jews

Antiquities of the Jews (Ἰουδαϊκὴ ἀρχαιολογία, Ioudaikē archaiologia; Antiquitates Judaicae), also Judean Antiquities (see Ioudaios), is a twenty-volume historiographical work composed by the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus in the thirteenth year of the reign of Roman emperor Flavius Domitian which was around AD 93 or 94.

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Anton Rubinstein

Anton Grigorevich Rubinstein (r) was a Russian pianist, composer and conductor who became a pivotal figure in Russian culture when he founded the Saint Petersburg Conservatory.

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Aratta is a land that appears in Sumerian myths surrounding Enmerkar and Lugalbanda, two early and possibly mythical kings of Uruk also mentioned on the Sumerian king list.

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Ashanti people

Ashanti, or Asante, or Asanti, are a nation and ethnic group native to Ashanti and the Kingdom of Ashanti situated on the semi-island exclave Ashantiland, who speak the Ashanti language and indistinguishable Ashanti Twi.

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Asimov's Guide to the Bible

Asimov's Guide to the Bible is a work by Isaac Asimov that was first published in two volumes in 1967 and 1969, covering the Old Testament and the New Testament (including the Catholic Old Testament, or deuterocanonical, books and the Eastern Orthodox Old Testament books, or anagignoskomena, along with the Fourth Book of Ezra), respectively.

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Asphalt (or, occasionally), also known as bitumen, is a sticky, black and highly viscous liquid or semi-solid form of petroleum.

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Assam (Ôxôm) is a state in Northeast India.

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Augustine of Hippo

Augustine of Hippo (or; Oxford English Dictionary. March 2011. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 25 May 2011. Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis; 13 November 354 – 28 August 430), also known as Saint Augustine or Saint Austin, and also sometimes as Blessed Augustine in the Eastern Orthodox Church, was an early Christian theologian and philosopher whose writings influenced the development of Western Christianity and Western philosophy. He was the bishop of Hippo Regius (modern-day Annaba, Algeria), located in Numidia (Roman province of Africa). He is viewed as one of the most important Church Fathers in Western Christianity for his writings in the Patristic Era. Among his most important works are The City of God and Confessions. According to his contemporary, Jerome, Augustine "established anew the ancient Faith." In his early years, he was heavily influenced by Manichaeism and afterward by the Neo-Platonism of Plotinus. After his baptism and conversion to Christianity in 387, Augustine developed his own approach to philosophy and theology, accommodating a variety of methods and perspectives. Believing that the grace of Christ was indispensable to human freedom, he helped formulate the doctrine of original sin and made seminal contributions to the development of just war theory. When the Western Roman Empire began to disintegrate, Augustine developed the concept of the pre-Schism Catholic Church as a spiritual City of God, distinct from the material Earthly City. His thoughts profoundly influenced the medieval worldview. The segment of the Church that adhered to the concept of the Trinity as defined by the Council of Nicaea and the Council of Constantinople closely identified with Augustine's City of God. In the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion, he is a saint, a preeminent Doctor of the Church, and the patron of the Augustinians. His memorial is celebrated on 28 August, the day of his death. He is the patron saint of brewers, printers, theologians, the alleviation of sore eyes, and a number of cities and dioceses.. catholicapologetics.info Many Protestants, especially Calvinists, consider him to be one of the theological fathers of the Protestant Reformation due to his teachings on salvation and divine grace. In the East, some of his teachings are disputed and have in the 20th century in particular come under attack by such theologians as Father John Romanides. But other theologians and figures of the Orthodox Church have shown significant appropriation of his writings, chiefly Father Georges Florovsky. The most controversial doctrine surrounding his name is the filioque, which has been rejected by the Orthodox Church. Other disputed teachings include his views on original sin, the doctrine of grace, and predestination.Saint Augustine in the Greek Orthodox Tradition, by Rev. Dr. George C. Papademetriou. Webpage: http://www.goarch.org/ourfaith/ourfaith8153 Nevertheless, though considered to be mistaken on some points, he is still considered a saint, and has even had influence on some Eastern Church Fathers, most notably Saint Gregory Palamas. In the Orthodox Church his feast day is celebrated on 28 August and carries the title of Blessed.

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Auraicept na n-Éces

Auraicept na n-Éces ("the scholars' primer") is claimed as a 7th-century work of Irish grammarians, written by a scholar named Longarad.

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Avon (publisher)

Avon Publications was an American paperback book and comic book publisher.

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Bab (gateway)

Bāb (باب) is an Arabic word for gateway, also found as a loanword in Persian and Ottoman Turkish.

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Babil Governorate

Babil Governorate or Babylon Province (بابل Bābil) is a governorate in central Iraq.

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Babylon (Bābili or Babilim; بابل, Bābil) was a significant city in ancient Mesopotamia, in the fertile plain between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

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Babylonia was an ancient Akkadian-speaking Semitic state and cultural region based in central-southern Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq).

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Babylonian astronomy

According to Asger Aaboe, the origins of Western astronomy can be found in Mesopotamia, and all Western efforts in the exact sciences are descendants in direct line from the work of the late Babylonian astronomers.

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Bahir or Sefer HaBahir סֵפֶר הַבָּהִיר (Hebrew, "Book of the Brightness") is an anonymous mystical work, attributed to a 1st-century rabbinic sage Nehunya ben HaKanah (a contemporary of Yochanan ben Zakai) because it begins with the words, "R.

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The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of texts sacred in Judaism and Christianity.

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Book of Ether

The Book of Ether is one of the books that make up the Book of Mormon.

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Book of Genesis

The Book of Genesis (from the Latin Vulgate, in turn borrowed or transliterated from Greek γένεσις, meaning "origin"; בְּרֵאשִׁית, Bərēšīṯ, "In beginning") is the first book of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh) and the Christian Old Testament.

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Book of Jubilees

The Book of Jubilees, sometimes called Lesser Genesis (Leptogenesis), is an ancient Jewish religious work of 50 chapters, considered canonical by the Ethiopian Orthodox Church as well as Beta Israel (Ethiopian Jews), where it is known as the Book of Division (Ge'ez: መጽሃፈ ኩፋሌ Mets'hafe Kufale).

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Book of Mormon

The Book of Mormon is a sacred text of the Latter Day Saint movement, which adherents believe contains writings of ancient prophets who lived on the American continent from approximately 2200 BC to AD 421.

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Book of Roads and Kingdoms (al-Bakrī)

Book of Roads and Kingdoms or Book of Highways and Kingdoms (كتاب المسالك والممالك, Kitāb al-Masālik wa'l-Mamālik) is the name of an eleventh-century geography text by Abu Abdullah al-Bakri.

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Book of the Bee

The Book of the Bee is an historical/theological compilation containing numerous Bible legends.

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Borsippa (Sumerian: BAD.SI.(A).AB.BAKI; Akkadian: Barsip and Til-Barsip): Vol.

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Burj Khalifa

Burj Khalifa (برج خليفة, "Khalifa Tower", pronounced), known as Burj Dubai before its inauguration, is a megatall skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

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The city of Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England.

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Cave of Treasures

The Cave of Treasures, sometimes referred to simply as The Treasure, is a book of the New Testament apocrypha.

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Central America

Central America (América Central, Centroamérica or América del Centro) is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with South America on the southeast.

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Chronicles of Jerahmeel

The Chronicles of Jerahmeel is a voluminous work that draws largely on Pseudo-Philo's earlier history of Biblical events and is of special interest because it includes Hebrew and Aramaic versions of certain deuterocanonical books in the Septuagint.

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Circumference (from Latin circumferentia, meaning "carrying around") is the linear distance around the edge of a closed curve or circular object.

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Clement of Alexandria

Titus Flavius Clemens (Κλήμης ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς; c. 150 – c. 215), known as Clement of Alexandria to distinguish him from the earlier Clement of Rome, was a Christian theologian who taught at the Catechetical School of Alexandria.

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The Colosseum or Coliseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre (Latin: Amphitheatrum Flavium; Italian: Anfiteatro Flavio or Colosseo), is an oval amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy.

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Confusion of tongues

The confusion of tongues (confusio linguarum) is the origin myth for the fragmentation of human languages described in the Book of Genesis 11:1–9, as a result of the construction of the Tower of Babel.

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Constructed language

A planned or constructed language (sometimes called a conlang) is a language whose phonology, grammar, and vocabulary have been consciously devised for human or human-like communication, instead of having developed naturally.

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Cradle of civilization

The cradle of civilization is a term referring to locations where, according to current archaeological data, civilization is understood to have emerged.

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Cubic foot

The term cubic foot is an Imperial and US customary (non-metric) unit of volume, used in the United States and the United Kingdom.

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The cubit is an ancient unit based on the forearm length from the middle finger tip to the elbow bottom.

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Cultural diversity

Cultural diversity is the quality of diverse or different cultures, as opposed to monoculture, as in the global monoculture, or a homogenization of cultures, akin to cultural decay.

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Damals is a German monthly popular scientific history magazine.

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David Livingstone

David Livingstone (19 March 1813 – 1 May 1873) was a Scottish Congregationalist pioneer medical missionary with the London Missionary Society and an explorer in Africa.

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David Rohl

David Michael Rohl (born 12 September 1950 in Barton-upon-Irwell, Eccles) is an English EgyptologistBennett, Chris.

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Der Thurm zu Babel

Der Thurm zu Babel (The Tower of Babel) is a one-act 'sacred opera' by Anton Rubinstein to a libretto by Julius Rosenberg based on the story in the Book of Genesis, chapter II.

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The Deuteronomist, or simply D, is one of the sources identified through source criticism as underlying much of the Hebrew Bible (Christian Old Testament).

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Diana al-Hadid

Diana Al-Hadid (born 1981) is a contemporary artist who creates sculptures, installations and drawings using various media.

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Diego Durán

Diego Durán (c. 1537–1588) was a Dominican friar best known for his authorship of one of the earliest Western books on the history and culture of the Aztecs, The History of the Indies of New Spain, a book that was much criticized in his lifetime for helping the "heathen" maintain their culture.

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Diodorus Siculus

Diodorus Siculus (Διόδωρος Σικελιώτης Diodoros Sikeliotes) or Diodorus of Sicily was a Greek historian.

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Documentary hypothesis

The documentary hypothesis (DH), sometimes called the Wellhausen hypothesis, proposes that the Pentateuch (the first five books of the Bible) was derived from originally independent, parallel, and complete narratives, which were subsequently combined into the current form by a series of redactors (editors).

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Dodanim (Ḏōḏānîm) or Rodanim, (Ρόδιοι, Ródioi) was, in the Book of Genesis, a son of Javan (thus, a great-grandson of Noah).

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Dominican Order

The Order of Preachers (Ordo Praedicatorum, hence the abbreviation OP used by members), more commonly known after the 15th century as the Dominican Order or Dominicans, is a Roman Catholic religious order founded by the Spanish priest Saint Dominic de Guzman in France and approved by Pope Honorius III (1216–27) on 22 December 1216.

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Eber (עֵבֶר, ISO 259-3, Standard Hebrew, Tiberian Hebrew) is an ancestor of the Israelites, according to the "Table of Nations" in and.

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Eiffel Tower

The Eiffel Tower ('tour Eiffel') is an iron lattice tower located on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France.

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The Elohist (or simply E) is identified through textual criticism as one of four sources of the Torah, together with the Yahwist, the Deuteronomist and the Priestly source.

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Encounter Bay

Encounter Bay is a bay on the south central coast of South Australia about south of the Adelaide city centre.

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Enki (Sumerian: dEN.KI(G)) is a god in Sumerian mythology, later known as Ea in Akkadian and Babylonian mythology.

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Enmerkar, according to the Sumerian king list, was the builder of Uruk in Sumer, and was said to have reigned for "420 years" (some copies read "900 years").

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Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta

Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta is a legendary Sumerian account, of preserved, early post-Sumerian copies, composed in the Neo-Sumerian period (ca. 21st century BC).

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Ensign (LDS magazine)

The Ensign of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, commonly shortened to Ensign, is an official periodical of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).

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Enuma anu enlil

Enuma Anu Enlil (EAE) (literal translation: When the gods Anu and Enlil) (meaningful translation: In the days of Anu and Enlil)Iroku, Osita; A Day in the Life of God; published by The Enlil Institute, Dover DE; 2008.

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Epiphanius of Salamis

Epiphanius of Salamis (Ἐπιφάνιος; c. 310–320 – 403) was bishop of Salamis, Cyprus at the end of the 4th century.

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Eridu (Cuneiform: NUN.KI 𒉣 𒆠; Sumerian: eriduki; Akkadian: irîtu modern Arabic: Tell Abu Shahrain) is an archaeological site in southern Mesopotamia (modern Dhi Qar Governorate, Iraq).

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The Ésagila, a Sumerian name signifying "É (temple) whose top is lofty", (literally: "house of the raised head") was a temple dedicated to Marduk, the protector god of Babylon.

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Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.

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Etemenanki (Sumerian É.TEMEN.AN.KI "temple of the foundation of heaven and earth") was the name of a ziggurat dedicated to Marduk in the city of Babylon of the 6th century BCE Neo-Babylonian dynasty.

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Etiology (alternatively aetiology or ætiology) is the study of causation, or origination.

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Etymologiae (also called The Etymologies or Origines, standard abbrev. Orig.) is an etymological encyclopedia compiled by Isidore of Seville (c. 560–636) towards the end of his life.

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Evolutionary linguistics

Evolutionary linguistics the scientific study of the psychosocial development and cultural evolution of individual languages as well as the origins and development of human language itself.

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Fénius Farsaid

Fénius Farsaid (also Phoeniusa, Phenius, Féinius; Farsa, Farsaidh, many variant spellings) is a legendary king of Scythia who shows up in different versions of Irish mythology.

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Fear is an emotion induced by a threat perceived by living entities, which causes a change in brain and organ function and ultimately a change in behavior, such as running away, hiding or freezing from traumatic events.

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Fernando de Alva Cortés Ixtlilxochitl

Fernando de Alva Cortés Ixtlilxóchitl (between 1568 and 1580 – 1648) was a Castizo Novohispanic historian.

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Folklore in the Old Testament Studies in Comparative Religion Legend and Law

Folklore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion, Legend, and Law written in 1918 by Sir James Frazer, compares episodes in the Old Testament with similar stories from other cultures in the ancient world.

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The Franks (Franci or gens Francorum) are historically first known as a group of Germanic tribes that roamed the land between the Lower and Middle Rhine in the 3rd century AD, and second as the people of Gaul who merged with the Gallo-Roman populations during succeeding centuries, passing on their name to modern-day France and becoming part of the heritage of the modern day French people.

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Fritz Lang

Friedrich Christian Anton "Fritz" Lang (December 5, 1890 – August 2, 1976) was a German-Austrian filmmaker, screenwriter, and occasional film producer and actor.

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A furlong is a measure of distance in imperial units and U.S. customary units equal to one-eighth of a mile, equivalent to 660 feet, 220 yards, 40 rods, or 10 chains.

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A gate or gateway is a point of entry to a space enclosed by walls, or a moderately sized opening in some sort of fence.

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Generations of Noah

The Generations of Noah or Table of Nations (of the Hebrew Bible) is a traditional ethnology representing the expansion of humankind from the descendants of Noah and their dispersion into many lands after the Flood.

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Genesis flood narrative

The Genesis flood narrative makes up chapters 6–9 in the Book of Genesis, in the Bible.

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Gesta Hunnorum et Hungarorum

The Gesta Hunnorum et Hungarorum (Latin: "Deeds of the Huns and Hungarians"), written mainly by Simon of Kéza around 1282-1285, is one of the sources of early Hungarian history.

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Gimlet (tool)

A gimlet is a hand tool for drilling small holes, mainly in wood, without splitting.

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Giovanni Villani

Giovanni Villani (1276 or 1280 – 1348)Bartlett (1992), 35.

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In monotheism and henotheism, God is conceived as the Supreme Being and principal object of faith.

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Goidelic languages

The Goidelic or Gaelic languages (teangacha Gaelacha, cànanan Goidhealach, çhengaghyn Gaelgagh) form one of the two groups of Insular Celtic languages, the other being the Brittonic languages.

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Grains are small, hard, dry seeds, with or without attached hulls or fruit layers, harvested for human or animal consumption.

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Great Mosque of Samarra

The Great Mosque of Samarra is a ninth-century mosque located in Samarra, Iraq.

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Great Pyramid of Cholula

The Great Pyramid of Cholula, also known as Tlachihualtepetl (Nahuatl for "artificial mountain"), is a huge complex located in Cholula, Puebla, Mexico.

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Gregory of Tours

Saint Gregory of Tours (30 November c. 538 – 17 November 594) was a Gallo-Roman historian and Bishop of Tours, which made him a leading prelate of Gaul.

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Haman (Islam)

In the primary scripture of Islam, the Quran, Haman (هامان., pronounced: hāmān) is claimed to have been close to the Pharaoh at the time of a religious prophet, Moses.

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Hamazi or Khamazi (Sumerian: Ḫa-ma-ziki) was an ancient kingdom or city-state of some importance that reached its peak ca.

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Harut and Marut

Harut and Marut (Arabic: هاروت وماروت) are the two angels mentioned in the second surah of the Qur'an who were present during the reign of the prophet Solomon and were located at a location called Babel.

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Hebrew Bible

Hebrew Bible or Hebrew Scriptures (Biblia Hebraica) is the term used by biblical scholars to refer to the Tanakh (תנ"ך), the canonical collection of Jewish texts, which is the common textual source of the several canonical editions of the Christian Old Testament.

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Hebrew language

Hebrew is a West Semitic language of the Afroasiatic language family.

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Hermes (Ἑρμῆς) is an Olympian god in Greek religion and mythology, the son of Zeus and the Pleiad Maia.

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Herodotus (Ἡρόδοτος Hēródotos) was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus, Caria (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (484–425 BC).

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Hillah (الحلة), also spelled Hilla or Al Hillah (BGN: Al Ḩillah) is a city in central Iraq on the Hilla branch of the Euphrates River, south of Baghdad.

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Hippolytus of Rome

Hippolytus of Rome (170–235) was the most important 3rd-century theologian in the Christian Church in Rome, where he was probably born.

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Historia Brittonum

The History of the Britons (Historia Brittonum) is a purported history of the indigenous British (Brittonic) people that was written around 828 and survives in numerous recensions that date from after the 11th century.

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Historical linguistics

Historical linguistics, also called diachronic linguistics, is the scientific study of language change over time.

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History of the Prophets and Kings

The History of the Prophets and Kings (Arabic: تاريخ الرسل والملوك Tarikh al-Rusul wa al-Muluk, popularly known Tarikh al-Tabari, Persian: تاریخ طبری) is an Arabic historical chronicle written by Persian author and historian Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari died 310H (838-923) from the Creation to AD 915, and contains detail concerning Muslim and the history of the Middle East.

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Hubert Howe Bancroft

Hubert Howe Bancroft (1832–1918) was an American historian and ethnologist who wrote, published and collected works concerning the western United States, Texas, California, Alaska, Mexico, Central America and British Columbia.

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Hubris (also hybris, from ancient Greek ὕβρις) means extreme pride or self-confidence.

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Modern humans (Homo sapiens, primarily ssp. Homo sapiens sapiens) are the only extant members of the hominin clade (or human clade), a branch of the great apes; they are characterized by erect posture and bipedal locomotion, manual dexterity and increased tool use, and a general trend toward larger, more complex brains and societies.

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(إله; plural: آلهة) is an Arabic term meaning "deity" or "god".

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India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.

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Institute of Contemporary Arts

The Institute of Contemporary Arts (ICA) is an artistic and cultural centre on The Mall in London, just off Trafalgar Square.

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Internal consistency of the Bible

The question of the internal consistency of the Bible concerns the coherence and textual integrity of the biblical scriptures.

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Iraq (or; العراق, Kurdish: Êraq), officially the Republic of Iraq (Arabic: جمهورية العراق; كۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia.

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Irish language

Irish (Gaeilge), sometimes referred to as Gaelic or Irish Gaelic, is a Goidelic language of the Indo-European language family, originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.

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Isaac Asimov

Isaac Asimov (born Isaak Yudovich Ozimov; circa January 2, 1920 – April 6, 1992) was an American author and professor of biochemistry at Boston University, best known for his works of science fiction and for his popular science books.

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Isidore of Seville

Saint Isidore of Seville (Isidorus Hispalensis; c. 560 – 4 April 636) served as Archbishop of Seville for more than three decades and is considered, as the 19th-century historian Montalembert put it in an oft-quoted phrase, "The last scholar of the ancient world".

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J.E. Gordon

James Edward Gordon (UK, 1913–1998) was one of the founders of materials science and biomechanics, and a well-known author of three books on structures and materials, which have been translated in many languages and are still widely used in schools and universities.

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The Jahwist, or Yahwist, often abbreviated J, is one of the sources of the Pentateuch (Torah), together with the Deuteronomist, the Elohist and the Priestly source.

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James George Frazer

Sir James George Frazer (1 January 1854 – 7 May 1941), was a Scottish social anthropologist influential in the early stages of the modern studies of mythology and comparative religion.

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Japhetite (also Japhethitic, Japhetic) in Abrahamic religions is a term for the peoples supposedly descended from Japheth, one of the three sons of Noah in the Bible.

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Jared (founder of Jaredites)

In the book of Ether in the Book of Mormon, Jared was the name of the primary ancestor of the Jaredites.

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John Mandeville

Sir John Mandeville is the supposed author of The Travels of Sir John Mandeville, a travel memoir which circulated between 1357 and 1371.

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Joktan or Yoktan (يقطان Yaqṭān; literally, "little") was the second of the two sons of Eber (Gen. 10:25; 1 Chr. 1:19) mentioned in the Hebrew Bible.

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José de Acosta

José de Acosta (1539, Medina del Campo, Spain – February 15, 1600, Salamanca, Spain) was a Spanish 16th-century Jesuit missionary and naturalist in Latin America.

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Titus Flavius Josephus (37 – 100), born Joseph ben Matityahu (Hebrew: יוסף בן מתתיהו, Yosef ben Matityahu), was a first-century Romano-Jewish scholar, historian and hagiographer, who was born in Jerusalem—then part of Roman Judea—to a father of priestly descent and a mother who claimed royal ancestry.

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Josippon is a chronicle of Jewish history from Adam to the age of Titus believed to have been written by Josippon or Joseph ben Gorion.

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Julius Wellhausen

Julius Wellhausen (May 17, 1844 – January 7, 1918), was a German biblical scholar and orientalist.

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K'iche' people

K'iche' (pronounced; previous Spanish spelling: Quiché) are indigenous peoples of the Americas, one of the Maya peoples.

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Kabbalah (קַבָּלָה, literally "receiving/tradition") is an esoteric method, discipline, and school of thought that originated in Judaism.

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Karbi people

The Karbis, mentioned as the Mikir in the Constitution Order of the Government of India, are one of the major ethnic groups in North-east India and especially in the hill areas of Assam.

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Karen people

The Karen, Kayin, Kariang or Yang people (Per Ploan Poe or Ploan in Poe Karen and Pwa Ka Nyaw or Kanyaw in Sgaw Karen;; กะเหรี่ยง or ยาง) refer to a number of Sino-Tibetan language speaking ethnic groups which reside primarily in Karen State, southern and southeastern Myanmar.

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Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa and a founding member of the East African Community (EAC).

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Kongo people

The Bakongo, or the Kongo people (Kongo: “hunters”), also referred to as the Congolese, are a Bantu ethnic group who live along the Atlantic coast of Africa from Pointe-Noire (Republic of Congo) to Luanda, Angola.

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Kuki people

The Kukis, also known as the Chinin the Chin State of Myanmar and as Mizo in the Indian state of Mizoram are a number of related Tibeto-Burman tribal peoples spread throughout the northeastern states of India, northwestern Burma, and the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh.

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Lake Ngami

Lake Ngami is an endorheic lake in Botswana north of the Kalahari Desert.

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Lebor Gabála Érenn

Lebor Gabála Érenn (The Book of the Taking of Ireland) is a collection of poems and prose narratives that purports to be a history of Ireland and the Irish from the creation of the world to the Middle Ages.

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List of races and species in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy

This is a list of races, fauna, and flora (as well as creatures without category) featured in various incarnations of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.

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List of tallest structures in the world

This article lists the tallest human-constructed structures, past and present, of any type.

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The Lombards or Langobards (Langobardī, Italian Longobardi), were a Germanic tribe who ruled Italy from 568 to 774.

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Lot (biblical person)

Lot is a person mentioned in the biblical Book of Genesis chapters 11–14 and 19.

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Lozi mythology

The main function of Lozi mythology is to show that the original Lozi people (the Luyi or Luyana) were dwellers on the Barotse Floodplain of the upper Zambezi River and that they are, therefore, entitled to claim unchallenged title to that homeland.

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Luccreth moccu Chiara

Luccreth moccu Chíara (floruit c. 665 AD)Eoin MacNeill, "A Pioneer of Nations: part II", Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review vol 11, no 43, 1922, pp.

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M. C. Escher

Maurits Cornelis Escher (17 June 1898 – 27 March 1972) was a Dutch graphic artist.

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The Maidu are an indigenous people of northern California.

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Marduk (Sumerian spelling in Akkadian: AMAR.UTU "solar calf"; Greek Μαρδοχαῖος, Mardochaios) was a late-generation god from ancient Mesopotamia and patron deity of the city of Babylon.

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McGraw Hill Financial

McGraw Hill Financial, Inc. is an American publicly traded corporation headquartered in New York City.

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Mesopotamia (from the Μεσοποταμία " between rivers"; بلاد الرافدين bilād ar-rāfidayn; میان‌رودان miyān rodān; ܒܝܬ ܢܗܪܝܢ Beth Nahrain "land of rivers") is a name for the area of the Tigris–Euphrates river system, corresponding to modern-day Iraq, Kuwait, the northeastern section of Syria, as well as parts of southeastern Turkey and of southwestern Iran.

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Metropolis (1927 film)

Metropolis is a 1927 German expressionist epic science-fiction drama film directed by Fritz Lang.

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In Judaism, the Midrash (מדרש; plural midrashim) is the body of exegesis of Torah texts along with homiletic stories as taught by Chazal (Rabbinical Jewish sages of the post-Temple era) that provide an intrinsic analysis to passages in the Tanakh.

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Midrash HaGadol

Midrash HaGadol or The Great Midrash (Hebrew: מדרש הגדול) is an anonymous late (14th century) compilation of aggadic midrashim on the Pentateuch taken from the two Talmuds and earlier Midrashim of Yemenite provenance.

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Montezuma (mythology)

Montezuma was the name of a heroic-god in the mythology of certain Amerindian tribes of the Southwest United States, notably the Tohono O'odham and Pueblo peoples — not to be confused with the two historical Aztec Emperors of the same name in Mexico, Moctezuma I and Moctezuma II.

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Moses (מֹשֶׁה, Modern Tiberian ISO 259-3; ܡܘܫܐ Moushe; موسى; Mωϋσῆς in both the Septuagint and the New Testament) is a prophet in Abrahamic religions.

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Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari

Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (محمد بن جریر طبری, أبو جعفر محمد بن جرير بن يزيد الطبري) (224–310 AH; 839–923 AD) was a prominent and influential Persian scholar, historian and exegete of the Qur'an from Tabaristan, modern Mazandaran in Iran.

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Myanmar (or (also with the stress on first syllable)), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia bordered by Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand.

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Mythical origins of language

There have been many accounts of the origin of language in the world's mythologies and other stories pertaining to the origin of language, the development of language and the reasons behind the diversity in languages today.

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Nabopolassar (Akkadian: Nabû-apal-uṣur; 658 BC – 605 BC) was a king of Babylonia and a central figure in the fall of the Assyrian Empire.

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Naga people

The Naga people are a conglomeration of several tribes inhabiting the North Eastern part of India and north-western Burma.

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Nahor, Nachor, or Naghor (Heb. נָחֹור Nāḥōr) may refer to three different names in the Hebrew Bible: two biblical people, who were both descendants of Shem, and one biblical place named after one of these descendants.

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Nebuchadnezzar II

Nebuchadnezzar II (ܢܵܒܘܼ ܟܘܼܕܘܼܪܝܼ ܐܘܼܨܘܼܪ; נְבוּכַדְנֶצַּר; Ancient Greek: Ναβουχοδονόσωρ; Arabic: نِبُوخَذنِصَّر; c. 634 – 562 BC) was a Chaldean king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, who reigned c. 605 BC – 562 BC.

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Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country located in South Asia.

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Nimrod (ܢܡܪܘܕ نمرود, Numrood), king of Shinar, was, according to the Book of Genesis and Books of Chronicles, the son of Cush, the great-grandson of Noah.

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Old Irish

Old Irish (Goídelc) (sometimes called Old Gaelic) is the name given to the oldest form of the Goidelic languages for which extensive written texts are extant.

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Old Testament

The Old Testament is the first section of the Christian Bible, based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible, a collection of religious writings by ancient Israelites.

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Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is an art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text (libretto) and musical score, usually in a theatrical setting.

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Origin myth

An origin myth is a myth that purports to describe the origin of some feature of the natural or social world.

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Origin of language

The origin of language in the human species has been the topic of scholarly discussions for several centuries.

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Origin of speech

The origin of speech in Homo sapiens is a widely debated and controversial topic.

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Paulus Orosius (born c. 375, died after 418 AD) — less often Paul Orosius in English — was a Gallaecian Christian priest, historian and theologian, a student of Augustine of Hippo.

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Pace (unit)

Pace is a name applied to various units of length relating to natural units of human walking.

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A pagoda is a tiered tower with multiple eaves, built in traditions originating in historic East Asia or with respect to those traditions, common to Nepal, India, China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Burma and other parts of Asia.

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In early Christian heresiology, the Panarion (Greek: Πανάριον, "Medicine Chest"), to which 16th-century Latin translations gave the name Adversus Haereses (Latin: "Against Heresies"), is the most important of the works of Epiphanius of Salamis (d. 403).

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Pharaoh (Dictionary Reference: or) is the common title of the kings of Ancient Egypt until the Macedonian conquest.

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Philo of Alexandria (Φίλων, Philōn; ידידיה הכהן, Yedidia (Jedediah) HaCohen; c. 25 BCE – c. 50 CE), also called Philo Judaeus, was a Hellenistic Jewish philosopher who lived in Alexandria, in the Roman province of Egypt.

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In Greek mythology, Phoroneus (Φορωνεύς) was a culture-hero of the Argolid, fire-bringer, primordial king of Argos and son of the river god Inachus and either Melia, the primordial ash-tree nymph or Argia, the embodiment of the Argolid itself: "Inachus, son of Oceanus, begat Phoroneus by his sister Argia," wrote Hyginus, in Fabulae 143.

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder

Pieter Bruegel (also Breughel) the Elder (c. 1525 – 9 September 1569) was a Netherlandish Renaissance painter and printmaker from Brabant, known for his landscapes and peasant scenes (so called genre painting).

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Priestly source

The Priestly source (or simply P) is one of the sources of the Torah, together with the Yahwist, Elohist and the Deuteronomist.

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Primary Chronicle

The Tale of Bygone Years (Повѣсть времѧньныхъ лѣтъ, Pověstĭ Vremęnĭnyhŭ Lětŭ) or Primary Chronicle is a history of Kievan Rus' from about 850 to 1110, originally compiled in Kiev about 1113.

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Prose Edda

The Prose Edda, also known as the Younger Edda, Snorri's Edda (Snorra Edda) or simply Edda, is an Old Norse work of literature written in Iceland in the early 13th century.

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Pseudepigrapha (also Anglicized as "pseudepigraph" or "pseudepigraphs") are falsely attributed works, texts whose claimed author is represented by a separate author, or a work whose real author attributed it to a figure of the past.

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Pseudo-Philo is the name commonly used for a Jewish work in Latin, so called (false Philo) because it was transmitted along with Latin translations of the works of Philo of Alexandria, but is very obviously not written by Philo.

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The Quran (القرآن, literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanized Qurʾan or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (الله, Allah).

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Rabbinic literature

Rabbinic literature, in its broadest sense, can mean the entire spectrum of rabbinic writings throughout Jewish history.

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Red Karen

Red Karen (Kayah) also known as Karenni, is a subgroup of the Karen people, a Sino-Tibetan people living mostly in Kayah State of Burma.

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Richard Rowlands

Richard Rowlands (c. 1550 – 1640), Anglo-Dutch antiquary, whose real name was Verstegen (usually anglicized Verstegan), was the son of a cooper established in East London.

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Süddeutsche Zeitung

The Süddeutsche Zeitung, published in Munich, is the largest German national subscription daily newspaper.

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Schøyen Collection

The Schøyen Collection is the largest private manuscript collection in the world, mostly located in Oslo and London.

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Sefer haYashar (midrash)

The Sefer haYashar (first edition 1552) is a Hebrew midrash also known as the Toledot Adam and Dibre ha-Yamim be-'Aruk.

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The Septuagint (from the Latin septuaginta, "seventy") is a translation of the Hebrew Bible and some related texts into Koine Greek.

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Shinar (Hebrew שִׁנְעָר Šinʻar, Septuagint Σεννααρ Sennaar) is a biblical geographical locale of uncertain boundaries in Mesopotamia.

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Sibylline Oracles

The Sibylline Oracles (Oracula Sibyllina; sometimes called the "pseudo-Sibylline Oracles") are a collection of oracular utterances written in Greek hexameters ascribed to the Sibyls, prophetesses who uttered divine revelations in a frenzied state.

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SkyscraperPage or SkyscraperPage.com is a web-based database of scale-model illustrations and diagrams of skyscrapers and other major macro-engineering projects, and tall structures around the world.

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Snorri Sturluson

Snorri Sturluson (1179 – 23 September 1241) was an Icelandic historian, poet, and politician.

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Solomon and Saturn

Solomon and Saturn is the generic name given to four Old English works, which present a dialogue of riddles between Solomon, the king of Israel, and Saturn, identified in two of the poems as a prince of the Chaldeans.

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Stadion (unit)

The stadion (στάδιον; stadium), formerly also anglicized as stade, was an ancient Greek unit of length, based on the length of a typical sports stadium of the time.

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Stephen L. Harris

Stephen L. Harris (born 1937) is Professor Emeritus of Humanities and Religious Studies at California State University, Sacramento.

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Strabo (Στράβων Strabōn; 64/63 BC – c. AD 24), was a Greek geographer, philosopher, and historian.

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The Stromata (Στρώματα) or Stromateis (Στρωματεῖς, "Patchwork") is the third in Clement of Alexandria's trilogy of works on the Christian life.

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The land of Subartu (Akkadian Šubartum/Subartum/ina Šú-ba-ri, Assyrian mât Šubarri) or Subar (Sumerian Su-bir4/Subar/Šubur) is mentioned in Bronze Age literature.

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SumerThe name is from Akkadian Šumeru; Sumerian en-ĝir15, approximately "land of the civilized kings" or "native land".

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Syriac language

Syriac (ܠܫܢܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܐ), also known as Syriac Aramaic, is a dialect of Middle Aramaic that was once spoken across much of the Fertile Crescent and Eastern Arabia.

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The Tanakh (תַּנַ"ךְ, or; also Tenakh, Tenak, Tanach) or Mikra is the canon of the Hebrew Bible.

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Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes region.

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Tharu people

The Tharu people (थारू, Thārū) are an ethnic group indigenous to the Terai, the southern foothills of the Himalayas in Nepal and India.

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The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the LDS Church or, informally, the Mormon Church) is a Christian restorationist church that is considered by its followers to be the restoration of the original church founded by Jesus Christ.

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The City of God (book)

De Civitate Dei (full title: De Civitate Dei contra Paganos, translated in English as The City of God Against the Pagans) or The City of God is a book of Christian philosophy written in Latin by Augustine of Hippo in the early 5th century AD.

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The Meadows of Gold

Meadows of Gold and Mines of Gems (in Arabic مروج الذهب ومعادن الجوهر transliteration: Muruj adh-dhahab wa ma'adin al-jawahir) is an historical account in Arabic of the beginning of the world starting with Adam and Eve up to and through the late Abbasid Caliphate by medieval Baghdadi historian Masudi (in Arabic المسعودي).

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The Tower (Tarot card)

The Tower (XVI) (most common modern name) is the 16th trump or Major Arcana card in most Italian-suited Tarot decks.

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The Tower of Babel (Bruegel)

The Tower of Babel is the subject of three oil paintings by Pieter Bruegel the Elder.

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Third Dynasty of Ur

The Third Dynasty of Ur, also known as the Neo-Sumerian Empire, refers to both a 21st to 20th century BC (short chronology timeline) Sumerian ruling dynasty based in the city of Ur and a short-lived territorial-political state that some historians regard as a nascent empire.

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Timeline of three tallest structures in the world

This is the timeline of the three highest man-made structures in the world.

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The Tlingit (or; also spelled Tlinkit) are an indigenous people of the Pacific Northwest Coast of North America.

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Tohono O'odham people

The Tohono O’odham are a group of Native Americans who reside primarily in the Sonoran Desert of eastern Arizona and northwestern Mexico.

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The Toltec culture is an archaeological Mesoamerican culture that dominated a state centered in Tula, in the early post-classic period of Mesoamerican chronology (ca 800–1000 CE).

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Torah (תּוֹרָה, "Instruction, Teaching"), or the Pentateuch, is the central reference of the religious Judaic tradition.

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Tower of Babel (M. C. Escher)

Tower of Babel is a 1928 woodcut by M. C. Escher.

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A tyrant (Greek τύραννος, tyrannos), in its modern English usage, is an absolute ruler unrestrained by law or constitution, or one who has usurped legitimate sovereignty.

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Ur (Sumerian: Urim; Sumerian Cuneiform: KI or URIM5KI; Akkadian: Uru; أور) was an important Sumerian city-state in ancient Mesopotamia, located at the site of modern Tell el-Muqayyar (تل المقير) in south Iraq's Dhi Qar Governorate.

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Uruk (Cuneiform:,URU UNUG; Sumerian: Unug; Akkadian: Uruk; Aramaic/Hebrew: אֶרֶךְ; Orchoē, Ὠρύγεια Ōrugeia; وركاء) was an ancient city of Sumer and later Babylonia, situated east of the present bed of the Euphrates river, on the dried-up, ancient channel of the Euphrates River, some 30 km east of modern As-Samawah, Al-Muthannā, Iraq.

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Valley of Nimrod

The Valley of Nimrod refers to the place where the Jaredites gathered with their friends and family after God confounded the languages at the Tower of Babel.

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Vetus Testamentum

Vetus Testamentum is a quarterly academic journal covering various aspects of the Old Testament.

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Yahiya Emerick

Yahiya Emerick is a former President of the Islamic Foundation of North America, vice-principal at an Islamic school, and a Muslim author.

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Yaqut al-Hamawi

Yāqūt ibn-'Abdullah al-Rūmī al-Hamawī (1179–1229) (ياقوت الحموي الرومي) was an Arab biographer and geographer of Greek origin, renowned for his encyclopedic writings on the Muslim world.

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Ziggurats (Akkadian ziqqurat, D-stem of zaqāru "to build on a raised area") were massive structures built in the ancient Mesopotamian valley and western Iranian plateau, having the form of a terraced step pyramid of successively receding stories or levels.

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3 Baruch

3 Baruch or the Greek Apocalypse of Baruch is a visionary, Jewish pseudepigraphic text thought to have been written after AD 130, perhaps as late as the early 3rd century AD,Harris, Stephen L., Understanding the Bible.

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Babel tower, Babylon Tower, Genesis 11, The Tower Of Babel, The Tower of Babel, The tower of babel, Tower Of Babel, Tower of Babal, Tower of Babbel, Tower of Babylon, Tower of babel, Tower of bable, Tower of tongues.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tower_of_Babel

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