242 relations: Adolf Hitler, Alan Vince, Albert, Prince Consort, Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Anglo-Saxons, Anne Boleyn, Anthony Salvin, Apse, Archbishop of Canterbury, Arrowslit, Arsenal, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Bailey (castle), Barbary lion, Barbican, Baron, Bastion, Bastion fort, Battle of Agincourt, Battle of Bosworth Field, Battle of Crécy, Battle of Evesham, Battle of Hastings, Battle of Lincoln (1141), Battle of Neville's Cross, Battle of Northampton (1460), Battle of Poitiers, Battlement, Baynard's Castle, BBC News Online, Bishop of Durham, Bishop of Rochester, Board of Ordnance, Caen stone, Canterbury, Castle, Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd, Castles in Great Britain and Ireland, Catapult, Central London, Ceremony of the Keys (London), Charles I of England, Charles II of England, Chartism, Christendom, Church of St Peter ad Vincula, City of London, Constable of the Tower, Conyers baronets, Crossbow, ..., Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom, Crusades, Crypt, Curtain wall (fortification), David II of Scotland, Domesday Book, Duke of Exeter's daughter, Duke of Normandy, EC postcode area, Edict of Expulsion, Edmund Lenthal Swifte, Edward I of England, Edward II of England, Edward III of England, Edward IV of England, Edward the Confessor, Edward V of England, Edward VI of England, Elizabeth I of England, Elizabeth II, Elizabeth Raleigh, Embrasure, Empress Matilda, Enfilade and defilade, English Civil War, English longbow, Epiphany Rising, First Barons' War, Fleet Prison, Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, Gatehouse, Geoffrey de Mandeville (11th century), Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st Earl of Essex, George III of the United Kingdom, Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Gloucester, Gothic Revival architecture, Great hall, Grizzly bear, Gundulf of Rochester, Gunpowder Plot, Guy Fawkes, Haakon IV of Norway, Hen Domen, Henry I of England, Henry II of England, Henry III of England, Henry IV of England, Henry V of England, Henry VI of England, Henry VII of England, Henry VIII of England, Historic Royal Palaces, Holy Trinity Priory, Aldgate, Honourable Artillery Company, House of Hanover, House of Lancaster, House of Stuart, House of York, Hudson's Bay Company, Hundred Years' War, Isabella of France, James I of Scotland, Jewel House, John Byron, 1st Baron Byron, John II of France, John Taylor (architect), John, King of England, Josef Jakobs, Keep, Kendra Haste, Kent, Kray twins, Lady Jane Grey, Leeds Castle, Liberties of the Tower of London, Lieutenant of the Tower of London, List of buildings that survived the Great Fire of London, List of castles in England, List of Keepers of the Records in the Tower of London, List of prisoners of the Tower of London, Lists of World Heritage Sites in Europe, London, London Borough of Tower Hamlets, London Zoo, Lord Chancellor, Lord Mayor of London, Lord Protector, Louis IX of France, Louis VIII of France, Louvre Palace, Magna Carta, Margaret de Clare, Baroness Badlesmere, Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury, Mary I of England, Mary, mother of Jesus, Master of the Jewel Office, Menagerie, Methods of coin debasement, Minories, Moat, Montfichet's Tower, Mortar (weapon), Mudstone, Norman architecture, Norman conquest of England, Old Martin, Operation Sea Lion, Palisade, Peasants' Revolt, Pipe rolls, Pope Adrian V, Portcullis, Portland stone, Postern, Princes in the Tower, Provisional Irish Republican Army, Queen's Guard, Rack (torture), Rag-stone, Ranulf Flambard, Raphael Holinshed, Ravens of the Tower of London, Regent's Park, Resident Governor of the Tower of London and Keeper of the Jewel House, Restoration (England), Richard I of England, Richard II of England, Richard III of England, Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York, River Thames, Robert Fitzwalter, Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, Roger of Hoveden, Royal Army Ordnance Corps, Royal Arsenal, Royal Fusiliers, Royal Logistic Corps, Royal Mint, Royal Regiment of Fusiliers, Rudolf Hess, Scavenger's daughter, Sheriffs of the City of London, Shooting range, Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, Simon Sudbury, Southwark, St John's Chapel, London, St Katharine's by the Tower, Stained glass, Stephen, King of England, The Blitz, The Independent, The Tower of London (novel), Thomas Blood, Thomas Cromwell, Thomas Wyatt the Younger, Tower Green, Tower Hill, Tower of London in popular culture, Trainband, Traitors' Gate, Treasury, Trinity, Tudor period, Undercroft, UNESCO, Vault (architecture), Walter Raleigh, War Office, Wardrobe (government), Wars of the Roses, Wat Tyler, Watermill, Westminster Abbey, Wharf, White Tower (Tower of London), William de Longchamp, William Harrison Ainsworth, William II of England, William of Poitiers, William the Conqueror, Winchester Castle, Windsor Castle, With Her Head Tucked Underneath Her Arm, Woolwich, Woolwich Dockyard, World Heritage Committee, World Heritage site, Yeomen Warders, Zammitello Palace, 1974 Tower of London bombing. Expand index (192 more) » « Shrink index
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Francis Albert Augustus Charles Emmanuel; 26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria.
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is a collection of annals in Old English chronicling the history of the Anglo-Saxons.
The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th century.
Anne Boleyn (1501 – 19 May 1536) was Queen of England from 1533 to 1536 as the second wife of King Henry VIII.
Anthony Salvin (17 October 1799 – 17 December 1881) was an English architect.
In architecture, an apse (plural apses; from Latin absis: "arch, vault" from Greek ἀψίς apsis "arch"; sometimes written apsis, plural apsides) is a semicircular recess covered with a hemispherical vault or semi-dome, also known as an Exedra.
The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury.
An arrowslit (often also referred to as an arrow loop, loophole or loop hole, and sometimes a balistraria) is a narrow vertical aperture in a fortification through which an archer can launch arrows.
An arsenal is a place where arms and ammunition are made, maintained and repaired, stored, or issued, in any combination, whether privately or publicly owned.
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister.
A bailey or ward in a fortification is a courtyard enclosed by a curtain wall.
The Barbary lion (Panthera leo leo) is the nominate lion subspecies in North Africa.
A barbican is a fortified outpost or gateway, such as an outer defense to a city or castle, or any tower situated over a gate or bridge which was used for defensive purposes.
Baron is a rank of nobility or title of honour, often hereditary.
A bastion or bulwark is a structure projecting outward from the curtain wall of a fortification, most commonly angular in shape and positioned at the corners.
A bastion fort, a type of trace Italienne (literally, Italian outline), is a fortification in a style that evolved during the early modern period of gunpowder when the cannon came to dominate the battlefield.
The Battle of Agincourt (Azincourt) was a major English victory in the Hundred Years' War.
The Battle of Bosworth Field (or Battle of Bosworth) was the last significant battle of the Wars of the Roses, the civil war between the Houses of Lancaster and York that extended across England in the latter half of the 15th century.
The Battle of Crécy (26 August 1346), also spelled Cressy, was an English victory during the Edwardian phase of the Hundred Years' War.
The Battle of Evesham (4 August 1265) was one of the two main battles of 13th century England's Second Barons' War.
The Battle of Hastings was fought on 14 October 1066 between the Norman-French army of William, the Duke of Normandy, and an English army under the Anglo-Saxon King Harold Godwinson, beginning the Norman conquest of England.
The Battle of Lincoln, or the First Battle of Lincoln, occurred on 2 February 1141 between King Stephen of England and forces loyal to Empress Matilda.
The Battle of Neville's Cross took place less than half a mile to the west of Durham, England, on 17 October 1346, within sight of the Cathedral.
The Battle of Northampton was fought on 10 July 1460 near the River Nene, Northamptonshire.
The Battle of Poitiers was fought on 19 September 1356 in Nouaillé, near the city of Poitiers in Aquitaine, western France.
A battlement in defensive architecture, such as that of city walls or castles, comprises a parapet (i.e., a defensive low wall between chest-height and head-height), in which gaps or indentations, which are often rectangular, occur at intervals to allow for the launch of arrows or other projectiles from within the defences.
Baynard's Castle refers to buildings on two neighbouring sites in the City of London, between where Blackfriars station and St Paul's Cathedral now stand.
BBC News Online is the website of BBC News, the division of the BBC responsible for newsgathering and production.
The Bishop of Durham is the Anglican bishop responsible for the Diocese of Durham in the Province of York.
The Bishop of Rochester is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Rochester in the Province of Canterbury.
The Board of Ordnance was a British government body.
Caen stone (Pierre de Caen), is a light creamy-yellow Jurassic limestone quarried in north-western France near the city of Caen.
Canterbury is a historic English cathedral city and UNESCO World Heritage Site, which lies at the heart of the City of Canterbury, a local government district of Kent, England.
A castle (from castellum) is a type of fortified structure built during the Middle Ages by predominantly the nobility or royalty and by military orders.
The Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd is a UNESCO-designated World Heritage Site located in Gwynedd, Wales.
Castles have played an important military, economic and social role in Great Britain and Ireland since their introduction following the Norman invasion of England in 1066.
A catapult is a ballistic device used to launch a projectile a great distance without the aid of explosive devices—particularly various types of ancient and medieval siege engines.
Central London is the innermost part of London, in the United Kingdom, spanning several boroughs.
The Ceremony of the Keys is an ancient ritual, held every evening at the Tower of London, when the main gates are locked for the night.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Chartism was a working-class movement for political reform in Britain that existed from 1838 to 1857.
Christendom has several meanings.
The Chapel Royal of St.
The City of London is a city and county that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London.
The Constable of the Tower is the most senior appointment at the Tower of London.
The Baronetcy of Conyers of Horden was created in the Baronetage of England on 14 July 1628 for John Conyers of Horden, County Durham.
A crossbow is a type of ranged weapon based on the bow and consisting of a horizontal bow-like assembly mounted on a frame which is handheld in a similar fashion to the stock of a gun.
The Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom, originally the Crown Jewels of England, are 140 royal ceremonial objects kept in the Tower of London, which include the regalia and vestments worn by British kings and queens at their coronations.
The Crusades were a series of religious wars sanctioned by the Latin Church in the medieval period.
A crypt (from Latin crypta "vault") is a stone chamber beneath the floor of a church or other building.
A curtain wall is a defensive wall between two towers (bastions) of a castle, fortress, or town.
David II (Medieval Gaelic: Daibhidh a Briuis, Modern Gaelic: Dàibhidh Bruis; Norman French: Dauid de Brus, Early Scots: Dauid Brus; 5 March 132422 February 1371) was King of Scots for over 41 years, from 1329 until his death in 1371.
Domesday Book (or; Latin: Liber de Wintonia "Book of Winchester") is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror.
The Duke of Exeter's daughter was a torture rack in the Tower of London.
In the Middle Ages, the Duke of Normandy was the ruler of the Duchy of Normandy in north-western France.
The EC (Eastern Central) postcode area, also known as the London EC postal area, is a group of postcode districts in central London, England.
The Edict of Expulsion was a royal decree issued by King Edward I of England on 18 July 1290, expelling all Jews from the Kingdom of England.
Edmund Lewis Lenthal Swifte or Swift (20 June 1777 – 28 December 1875) was a British lawyer, poet and writer who was for many years the custodian of the British Crown Jewels in the Tower of London.
Edward I (17/18 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307.
Edward II (25 April 1284 – 21 September 1327), also called Edward of Carnarvon, was King of England from 1307 until he was deposed in January 1327.
Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was King of England and Lord of Ireland from January 1327 until his death; he is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his father, Edward II.
Edward IV (28 April 1442 – 9 April 1483) was the King of England from 4 March 1461 to 3 October 1470, and again from 11 April 1471 until his death.
Edward the Confessor (Ēadƿeard Andettere, Eduardus Confessor; 1003 – 5 January 1066), also known as Saint Edward the Confessor, was among the last Anglo-Saxon kings of England.
Edward V (2 November 1470 –)R.
Edward VI (12 October 1537 – 6 July 1553) was King of England and Ireland from 28 January 1547 until his death.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
Elizabeth "Bess", Lady Raleigh (née Throckmorton; 16 April 1565 – circa 1647) was Sir Walter Raleigh's wife and a Gentlewoman of the Privy Chamber to Queen Elizabeth I of England.
In military architecture, an embrasure is the opening in a crenellation or battlement between the two raised solid portions or merlons, sometimes called a crenel or crenelle.
Empress Matilda (c. 7 February 110210 September 1167), also known as the Empress Maude, was the claimant to the English throne during the civil war known as the Anarchy.
Enfilade and defilade are concepts in military tactics used to describe a military formation's exposure to enemy fire.
The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance.
The English longbow was a powerful medieval type of longbow (a tall bow for archery) about long used by the English and Welsh for hunting and as a weapon in medieval warfare.
The Epiphany Rising was a failed rebellion against Henry IV of England in late December 1399 and early January 1400.
The First Barons' War (1215–1217) was a civil war in the Kingdom of England in which a group of rebellious major landowners (commonly referred to as barons) led by Robert Fitzwalter and supported by a French army under the future Louis VIII of France, waged war against King John of England.
Fleet Prison was a notorious London prison by the side of the River Fleet.
Frederick II (26 December 1194 – 13 December 1250; Fidiricu, Federico, Friedrich) was King of Sicily from 1198, King of Germany from 1212, King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 and King of Jerusalem from 1225.
A gatehouse is a building enclosing or accompanying a gateway for a town, religious house, castle, manor house, or other buildings of importance.
Geoffrey de Mandeville alias de Magnaville (Latinized to: de Magna Villa ("from the great town")), (died c. 1100), Constable of the Tower of London.
Geoffrey de Mandeville II, 1st Earl of Essex (died September 1144) was a prominent figure during the reign of King Stephen of England.
George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death in 1820.
Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, 7th Earl of Gloucester, 3rd Lord of Glamorgan, 9th Lord of Clare (2 September 1243 – 7 December 1295) was a powerful English noble.
Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic or neo-Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England.
A great hall is the main room of a royal palace, nobleman's castle or a large manor house or hall house in the Middle Ages, and continued to be built in the country houses of the 16th and early 17th centuries, although by then the family used the great chamber for eating and relaxing.
The grizzly bear (Ursus arctos ssp.) is a large population of the brown bear inhabiting North America.
Gundulf (or Gundulph) was a Norman monk who went to England following the Conquest.
The Gunpowder Plot of 1605, in earlier centuries often called the Gunpowder Treason Plot or the Jesuit Treason, was a failed assassination attempt against King James I of England and VI of Scotland by a group of provincial English Catholics led by Robert Catesby.
Guy Fawkes (13 April 1570 – 31 January 1606), also known as Guido Fawkes, the name he adopted while fighting for the Spanish, was a member of a group of provincial English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605.
Haakon Haakonsson (c. March/April 1204 – 16 December 1263) (Old Norse: Hákon Hákonarson; Norwegian: Håkon Håkonsson), sometimes called Haakon the Old in contrast to his son with the same name, and known in modern regnal lists as Haakon IV, was the King of Norway from 1217 to 1263.
Hen Domen Welsh, meaning "old mound", is the site of a medieval timber motte-and-bailey castle in Powys, Wales.
Henry I (c. 1068 – 1 December 1135), also known as Henry Beauclerc, was King of England from 1100 to his death.
Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189), also known as Henry Curtmantle (Court-manteau), Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, ruled as Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also partially controlled Wales, Scotland and Brittany.
Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272), also known as Henry of Winchester, was King of England, Lord of Ireland, and Duke of Aquitaine from 1216 until his death.
Henry IV (15 April 1367 – 20 March 1413), also known as Henry Bolingbroke, was King of England and Lord of Ireland from 1399 to 1413, and asserted the claim of his grandfather, Edward III, to the Kingdom of France.
Henry V (9 August 1386 – 31 August 1422) was King of England from 1413 until his death at the age of 36 in 1422.
Henry VI (6 December 1421 – 21 May 1471) was King of England from 1422 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471, and disputed King of France from 1422 to 1453.
Henry VII (Harri Tudur; 28 January 1457 – 21 April 1509) was the King of England and Lord of Ireland from his seizure of the crown on 22 August 1485 to his death on 21 April 1509.
Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 1509 until his death.
Historic Royal Palaces is an independent charity that manages some of the United Kingdom's unoccupied royal palaces.
The Holy Trinity Priory, also known as Christchurch Aldgate, was a priory of Austin canons (Black Canons) founded around 1108 by Queen Matilda of England, wife of King Henry I, near Aldgate in London.
The Honourable Artillery Company (HAC) was incorporated by Royal Charter in 1537 by King Henry VIII and is considered one of the oldest military organisations in the world.
The House of Hanover (or the Hanoverians; Haus Hannover) is a German royal dynasty that ruled the Electorate and then the Kingdom of Hanover, and also provided monarchs of Great Britain and Ireland from 1714 to 1800 and ruled the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from its creation in 1801 until the death of Queen Victoria in 1901.
The House of Lancaster was the name of two cadet branches of the royal House of Plantagenet.
The House of Stuart, originally Stewart, was a European royal house that originated in Scotland.
The House of York was a cadet branch of the English royal House of Plantagenet.
The Hudson's Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie d'Hudson) is a Canadian retail business group.
The Hundred Years' War was a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453 by the House of Plantagenet, rulers of the Kingdom of England, against the House of Valois, over the right to rule the Kingdom of France.
Isabella of France (1295 – 22 August 1358), sometimes described as the She-Wolf of France, was Queen of England as the wife of Edward II, and regent of England from 1326 until 1330.
James I (late July 139421 February 1437), the youngest of three sons, was born in Dunfermline Abbey to King Robert III and his wife Annabella Drummond.
The Jewel House is a vault housing the British Crown Jewels in the Waterloo Block (formerly a barracks) at the Tower of London.
John Byron, 1st Baron Byron KB (1599, Newstead, Nottinghamshire – 23 August 1652) was an English nobleman, Royalist, politician, peer, knight, and supporter of Charles I during the English Civil War, He was a member of the Byron family.
John II (Jean II; 26 April 1319 – 8 April 1364), called John the Good (French: Jean le Bon), was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1350 until his death.
Sir John Taylor, KCB, FRIBA (15 November 1833 in Warkworth, Northumberland – 30 April 1912 in Surbiton Hill, Surrey) was a British architect.
John (24 December 1166 – 19 October 1216), also known as John Lackland (Norman French: Johan sanz Terre), was King of England from 1199 until his death in 1216.
Josef Jakobs (30 June 1898 – 15 August 1941) was a German spy and the last person to be executed at the Tower of London.
A keep (from the Middle English kype) is a type of fortified tower built within castles during the Middle Ages by European nobility.
Kendra Haste (born 1971) is a British wildlife sculptor who produces both public and privately commissioned sculpture using galvanised chicken wire mesh to create wire sculptures of wild animals.
Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.
Ronald "Ronnie" Kray (24 October 193317 March 1995) and Reginald "Reggie" Kray (24 October 19331 October 2000), identical twin brothers, were English criminals, the foremost perpetrators of organised crime in the East End of London during the 1950s and 1960s.
Lady Jane Grey (Her exact date of birth is uncertain; many historians agree on the long-held estimate of 1537 while others set it in the later half of 1536 based on newer research. – 12 February 1554), known also as Lady Jane Dudley (after her marriage) and as "the Nine Days' Queen", was an English noblewoman and de facto Queen of England and Ireland from 10 July until 19 July 1553.
Leeds Castle is in Kent, England, southeast of Maidstone.
The Liberties of the Tower, or the Tower Liberty, was a liberty around and including the Tower of London.
The Lieutenant of the Tower of London served directly under the Constable of the Tower.
This is a list of buildings that survived the Great Fire of London in 1666 and are still standing.
This list of castles in England is not a list of every building and site that has "castle" as part of its name, nor does it list only buildings that conform to a strict definition of a castle as a medieval fortified residence.
This is a list of Keepers of the Records in the Tower of London.
From an early stage of its history, one of the functions of the Tower of London has been to act as a prison, though it was not designed as one.
The following are lists of World Heritage Sites in Europe.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The London Borough of Tower Hamlets is a London Borough in East London which covers much of the traditional East End.
London Zoo is the world's oldest scientific zoo.
The Lord Chancellor, formally the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, is the highest ranking among those Great Officers of State which are appointed regularly in the United Kingdom, nominally outranking even the Prime Minister.
The Lord Mayor of London is the City of London's mayor and leader of the City of London Corporation.
Lord Protector (pl. Lords Protectors) is a title that has been used in British constitutional law for the head of state.
Louis IX (25 April 1214 – 25 August 1270), commonly known as Saint Louis, was King of France and is a canonized Catholic and Anglican saint.
Louis VIII the Lion (Louis VIII le Lion; 5 September 1187 – 8 November 1226) was King of France from 1223 to 1226.
The Louvre Palace (Palais du Louvre) is a former royal palace located on the Right Bank of the Seine in Paris, between the Tuileries Gardens and the church of Saint-Germain l'Auxerrois.
Magna Carta Libertatum (Medieval Latin for "the Great Charter of the Liberties"), commonly called Magna Carta (also Magna Charta; "Great Charter"), is a charter agreed to by King John of England at Runnymede, near Windsor, on 15 June 1215.
Margaret de Clare, Baroness Badlesmere (ca. 1 April 1287 – 22 October 1333/3 January 1334, disputed) was a Norman-Irish noblewoman, suo jure heiress, and the wife of Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere.
Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury (14 August 1473 – 27 May 1541), was an English peeress.
Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558) was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death.
Mary was a 1st-century BC Galilean Jewish woman of Nazareth, and the mother of Jesus, according to the New Testament and the Quran.
The Master of the Jewel Office was a position in the Royal Households of England, the Kingdom of Great Britain and the United Kingdom.
A menagerie is a collection of captive animals, frequently exotic, kept for display; or the place where such a collection is kept, a precursor to the modern zoological garden.
Coin debasement is the act of decreasing the amount of precious metal in a coin, while continuing to circulate it at face value.
Minories (not) is the name of a former civil parish, also known as Minories Holy Trinity, and a street in the City of London, close to the Tower of London.
A moat is a deep, broad ditch, either dry or filled with water, that is dug and surrounds a castle, fortification, building or town, historically to provide it with a preliminary line of defence.
Montfichet's Tower (also known as Montfichet's Castle and/or spelt Mountfitchet's or Mountfiquit's) was a Norman fortress on Ludgate Hill in London, between where St Paul's Cathedral and City Thameslink railway station now stand.
A mortar is usually a simple, lightweight, man portable, muzzle-loaded weapon, consisting of a smooth-bore metal tube fixed to a base plate (to absorb recoil) with a lightweight bipod mount.
Mudstone, a type of mudrock, is a fine-grained sedimentary rock whose original constituents were clays or muds.
The term Norman architecture is used to categorise styles of Romanesque architecture developed by the Normans in the various lands under their dominion or influence in the 11th and 12th centuries.
The Norman conquest of England (in Britain, often called the Norman Conquest or the Conquest) was the 11th-century invasion and occupation of England by an army of Norman, Breton, Flemish and French soldiers led by Duke William II of Normandy, later styled William the Conqueror.
Old Martin was a large grizzly bear given in 1811, when already full-sized, to George III by the Hudson's Bay Company.
Operation Sea Lion, also written as Operation Sealion (Unternehmen Seelöwe), was Nazi Germany's code name for the plan for an invasion of the United Kingdom during the Battle of Britain in the Second World War.
A palisade—sometimes called a stakewall or a paling—is typically a fence or wall made from wooden stakes or tree trunks and used as a defensive structure or enclosure.
The Peasants' Revolt, also called Wat Tyler's Rebellion or the Great Rising, was a major uprising across large parts of England in 1381.
The Pipe rolls, sometimes called the Great rolls,Brown Governance pp.
Pope Adrian V (Adrianus V; c. 1210/122018 August 1276), born Ottobuono de' Fieschi, was Pope from 11 July to his death on 18 August 1276.
A portcullis (from the French porte coulissante, "sliding door") is a heavy vertically-closing gate typically found in medieval fortifications, consisting of a latticed grille made of wood, metal, or a combination of the two, which slides down grooves inset within each jamb of the gateway.
Portland stone is a limestone from the Tithonian stage of the Jurassic period quarried on the Isle of Portland, Dorset.
A postern is a secondary door or gate in a fortification such as a city wall or castle curtain wall.
"The Princes in the Tower" is an expression frequently used to refer to Edward V, King of England and Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York.
The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA or Provisional IRA) was an Irish republican revolutionary organisation that sought to end British rule in Northern Ireland, facilitate the reunification of Ireland and bring about an independent socialist republic encompassing all of Ireland.
The Queen's Guard and Queen's Life Guard (called King's Guard and King's Life Guard when the reigning monarch is male) are the names given to contingents of infantry and cavalry soldiers charged with guarding the official royal residences in the United Kingdom.
The rack is a torture device consisting of a rectangular, usually wooden frame, slightly raised from the ground, with a roller at one or both ends.
Rag-stone is a name given by some architectural writers to work done with stones that are quarried in thin pieces, such as Horsham Stone, sandstone, Yorkshire stone, and the slate stones, but this is more properly flag or slab work.
Ranulf Flambard (c. 1060 – 5 September 1128) was a medieval Norman Bishop of Durham and an influential government minister of King William Rufus of England.
Raphael Holinshed (1529–1580) was an English chronicler, whose work, commonly known as Holinshed's Chronicles, was one of the major sources used by William Shakespeare for a number of his plays.
The Ravens of the Tower of London are a group of at least six captive ravens which live at the Tower of London.
Regent's Park (officially The Regent's Park) is one of the Royal Parks of London.
The Resident Governor of the Tower of London and Keeper of the Jewel House is responsible for the day-to-day running of the Tower of London.
The Restoration of the English monarchy took place in the Stuart period.
Richard I (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King of England from 1189 until his death.
Richard II (6 January 1367 – c. 14 February 1400), also known as Richard of Bordeaux, was King of England from 1377 until he was deposed in 1399.
Richard III (2 October 1452 – 22 August 1485) was King of England from 1483 until his death at the Battle of Bosworth Field.
Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick (jure uxoris), 6th Earl of Salisbury, (22 November 1428 – 14 April 1471), known as Warwick the Kingmaker, was an English nobleman, administrator, and military commander.
Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York KG (born 17 August 1473), was the sixth child and second son of King Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville, born in Shrewsbury.
The River Thames is a river that flows through southern England, most notably through London.
Robert FitzwalterAlso spelled FitzWalter, fitzWalter, etc.
Roger Mortimer, 3rd Baron Mortimer, 1st Earl of March (25 April 1287 – 29 November 1330), was an English nobleman and powerful Marcher lord who gained many estates in the Welsh Marches and Ireland following his advantageous marriage to the wealthy heiress Joan de Geneville, 2nd Baroness Geneville.
Roger of Hoveden or Howden (fl. 1174–1201) was a 12th-century English chronicler.
The Royal Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC) was a corps of the British Army.
The Royal Arsenal, Woolwich carried out armaments manufacture, ammunition proofing, and explosives research for the British armed forces at a site on the south bank of the River Thames in Woolwich in south-east London, England, United Kingdom.
The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in continuous existence for 283 years.
The Royal Logistic Corps (RLC) provides logistic support functions to the British Army.
The Royal Mint is a government-owned mint that produces coins for the United Kingdom.
The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers is an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Queen's Division.
Rudolf Walter Richard Hess (Heß in German; 26 April 1894 – 17 August 1987), was a prominent politician in Nazi Germany.
The Scavenger's daughter was a type of torture device invented in the reign of King Henry VIII of England.
Two Sheriffs are elected annually for the City of London by the Liverymen of the City Livery Companies.
A shooting range or firing range or archery range or pistol range or rifle range or shooting gallery or shooting ground is a specialized facility designed for archery or firearms practice.
Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester (– 4 August 1265), also called Simon de Munford and sometimes referred to as Simon V de Montfort to distinguish him from other Simons de Montfort, was a French-English nobleman who inherited the title and estates of the earldom of Leicester in England.
Simon Sudbury (c. 1316-14 June 1381) was Bishop of London from 1361 to 1375, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1375 until his death, and in the last year of his life Lord Chancellor of England.
Southwark is a district of Central London and part of the London Borough of Southwark.
St Katharine's by the Tower—full name Royal Hospital and Collegiate Church of St.
The term stained glass can refer to coloured glass as a material or to works created from it.
Stephen (Étienne; – 25 October 1154), often referred to as Stephen of Blois, was King of England from 1135 to his death, as well as Count of Boulogne from 1125 until 1147 and Duke of Normandy from 1135 until 1144.
The Blitz was a German bombing offensive against Britain in 1940 and 1941, during the Second World War.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Tower of London is a novel by William Harrison Ainsworth serially published in 1840.
Colonel Thomas Blood (1618 – 24 August 1680) was an Anglo-Irish officer and self-styled colonel best known for his attempt to steal the Crown Jewels of England from the Tower of London in 1671.
Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex (1485 – 28 July 1540) was an English lawyer and statesman who served as chief minister to King Henry VIII of England from 1532 to 1540.
Sir Thomas Wyatt the Younger (1521 – 11 April 1554) was an English politician and rebel leader during the reign of Queen Mary I; his rising is traditionally called "Wyatt's rebellion".
Tower Green is a space within the Tower of London, a royal castle in London, where two English Queens consort and several other British nobles were executed by beheading.
Tower Hill is a complex city or garden square northwest of the Tower of London, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets just outside the City of London boundary yet inside what remains of the London Wall — a large fragment of which survives toward its east.
The Tower of London has been represented in popular culture in many ways.
Trainbands were companies of militia in England or the Americas, first organized in the 16th century and dissolved in the 18th.
The Traitor's Gate is an entrance through which many prisoners of the Tudors arrived at the Tower of London.
A treasury is either.
The Christian doctrine of the Trinity (from Greek τριάς and τριάδα, from "threefold") holds that God is one but three coeternal consubstantial persons or hypostases—the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit—as "one God in three Divine Persons".
The Tudor period is the period between 1485 and 1603 in England and Wales and includes the Elizabethan period during the reign of Elizabeth I until 1603.
An undercroft is traditionally a cellar or storage room, often brick-lined and vaulted, and used for storage in buildings since medieval times.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
Vault (French voûte, from Italian volta) is an architectural term for an arched form used to provide a space with a ceiling or roof.
Sir Walter Raleigh (or; circa 155429 October 1618) was an English landed gentleman, writer, poet, soldier, politician, courtier, spy and explorer.
The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.
The King's Wardrobe, together with the Chamber, made up the personal part of medieval English government known as the King's household.
The Wars of the Roses were a series of English civil wars for control of the throne of England fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet: the House of Lancaster, associated with a red rose, and the House of York, whose symbol was a white rose.
Walter "Wat" Tyler (died 15 June 1381) was a leader of the 1381 Peasants' Revolt in England. He marched a group of rebels from Canterbury to the capital to oppose the institution of a poll tax and demand economic and social reforms. While the brief rebellion enjoyed early success, Tyler was killed by officers loyal to King Richard II during negotiations at Smithfield, London.
A watermill or water mill is a mill that uses hydropower.
Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.
A wharf, quay (also), staith or staithe is a structure on the shore of a harbor or on the bank of a river or canal where ships may dock to load and unload cargo or passengers.
The White Tower is a central tower, the old keep, at the Tower of London.
William de Longchamp (died 1197) was a medieval Lord Chancellor, Chief Justiciar, and Bishop of Ely in England.
William Harrison Ainsworth (4 February 1805 – 3 January 1882) was an English historical novelist born at King Street in Manchester.
William II (Old Norman: Williame; – 2 August 1100), the third son of William the Conqueror, was King of England from 1087 until 1100, with powers over Normandy, and influence in Scotland.
William of Poitiers (1020 1090) was a Frankish priest of Norman origin and chaplain of Duke William of Normandy (William the Conqueror) (Guillaume le Conquerant), for whom he chronicled the Norman Conquest of England in his Gesta VVillelmi ducis Normannorum et regis Anglorum ("The Deeds of William, Duke of Normandy and King of England") or Gesta Guillelmi II ducis Normannorum.
William I (c. 1028Bates William the Conqueror p. 33 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087.
Winchester Castle is a medieval building in Hampshire, England.
Windsor Castle is a royal residence at Windsor in the English county of Berkshire.
"With Her Head Tucked Underneath Her Arm" is a darkly humorous song, written in 1934 by R. P. Weston and Bert Lee, originally performed by Stanley Holloway.
Woolwich is a district of south-east London, England, within the Royal Borough of Greenwich.
Woolwich Dockyard was an English naval dockyard along the river Thames in Woolwich, where a large number of ships were built from the early 16th century until the late 19th century.
The World Heritage Committee selects the sites to be listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the World Heritage List and the List of World Heritage in Danger, monitors the state of conservation of the World Heritage properties, defines the use of the World Heritage Fund and allocates financial assistance upon requests from States Parties.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
The Yeomen Warders of Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress the Tower of London, and Members of the Sovereign's Body Guard of the Yeoman Guard Extraordinary, popularly known as the Beefeaters, are ceremonial guardians of the Tower of London.
The Zammitello Palace, also known as Castello Zammitello (Kastell Zamitellu) or Zammitello Tower, is a 19th-century Victorian countryside villa on the outskirts of Mġarr, Malta, on the road leading to Ġnejna.
The 1974 Tower of London bombing happened on 17 July 1974 with the explosion of a 10-14 lb bomb in the White Tower of the Tower of London.
Bloody tower, Gwynfryn, London, Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress, London Tower, Martin Tower (Tower of London), Royal Menagerie, Tower of London, Salt Tower, The London Tower, The Tower Of London, The Tower Of london, The Tower of London, Tower Wharf, Tower of London museum, Tower of london, Towers Stairs, Waterloo Barracks.