114 relations: Acrylic paint, Acute radiation syndrome, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Air pollution, Alcohol intoxication, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, Allergic response, Animal, Animal testing, Aquatic toxicology, Arrow poison, Asbestos, Bacteria, Biological activity, Biological warfare, Bow and arrow, California Proposition 65 (1986), Carcinogen, Cell (biology), Chemical substance, Chlorine, Cholera toxin, Coal, Crustacean, Cytotoxicity, Digital imaging, Dose (biochemistry), Environmental hazard, Factor of safety, Family, Fertility, Fish, Gasoline, Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals, Hatmaking, Hepatotoxicity, Human eye, Hydrofluoric acid, Immune system, Indicative limit value, Industrial waste, Infection, Inflammation, Inorganic compound, Intaglio (printmaking), Ionizing radiation, Lead, List of highly toxic gases, List of Yu-Gi-Oh! characters, Lithography, ..., Liver, Median lethal dose, Mercury (element), Metaphor, Methanol, Mixture, Mutagen, Nephrotoxicity, Neurotoxicity, No-observed-adverse-effect level, Nomenclature codes, Organic compound, Organism, Ototoxicity, Paracelsus, Paradigm, Parts-per notation, Patch test, Pathogen, Pesticide, Photolithography, Physiologically based pharmacokinetic modelling, Plant, Poison, PubMed, Radioactive decay, Radium, Reference dose, Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances, Safety data sheet, Screen printing, Silicon dioxide, Skull and crossbones (symbol), Snake venom, Soil contamination, Superfund, Teratology, Threshold limit value, Tobacco smoking, Tolerable daily intake, Toxic tort, Toxica, Toxicant, Toxication, Toxicity, Toxicity class, Toxicity label, Toxicology, Toxicophore, Toxics Release Inventory, Toxin, TOXMAP, Toxodon, Turpentine, United States Environmental Protection Agency, United States National Library of Medicine, Uranium, Venom, Virus, Water, Water intoxication, Water pollution, Worm, Xylene. Expand index (64 more) » « Shrink index
Acrylic paint is a fast-drying paint made of pigment suspended in acrylic polymer emulsion.
Acute radiation syndrome (ARS) is a collection of health effects that are present within 24 hours of exposure to high doses of ionizing radiation.
The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) is a federal public health agency within the United States Department of Health and Human Services.
Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances including gases, particulates, and biological molecules are introduced into Earth's atmosphere.
Alcohol intoxication, also known as drunkenness or alcohol poisoning, is negative behavior and physical effects due to the recent drinking of ethanol (alcohol).
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (commonly shortened to Alice in Wonderland) is an 1865 novel written by English author Charles Lutwidge Dodgson under the pseudonym Lewis Carroll.
An allergic response is a hypersensitive immune reaction to a substance that normally is harmless or would not cause an immune response in everyone.
Animals are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia.
Animal testing, also known as animal experimentation, animal research and in vivo testing, is the use of non-human animals in experiments that seek to control the variables that affect the behavior or biological system under study.
Aquatic toxicology is the study of the effects of manufactured chemicals and other anthropogenic and natural materials and activities on aquatic organisms at various levels of organization, from subcellular through individual organisms to communities and ecosystems.
Arrow poisons are used to poison arrow heads or darts for the purposes of hunting and warfare.
Asbestos is a set of six naturally occurring silicate minerals, which all have in common their eponymous asbestiform habit: i.e. long (roughly 1:20 aspect ratio), thin fibrous crystals, with each visible fiber composed of millions of microscopic "fibrils" that can be released by abrasion and other processes.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
In pharmacology, biological activity or pharmacological activity describes the beneficial or adverse effects of a drug on living matter.
Biological warfare (BW)—also known as germ warfare—is the use of biological toxins or infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi with the intent to kill or incapacitate humans, animals or plants as an act of war.
The bow and arrow is a ranged weapon system consisting of an elastic launching device (bow) and long-shafted projectiles (arrows).
Proposition 65 (formally titled The Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986) is a California law passed by direct voter initiative in 1986 by a 63%–37% vote.
A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.
The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.
A chemical substance, also known as a pure substance, is a form of matter that consists of molecules of the same composition and structure.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
Cholera toxin (also known as choleragen and sometimes abbreviated to CTX, Ctx or CT) is protein complex secreted by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.
Crustaceans (Crustacea) form a large, diverse arthropod taxon which includes such familiar animals as crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, krill, woodlice, and barnacles.
Cytotoxicity is the quality of being toxic to cells.
Digital imaging or digital image acquisition is the creation of a digitally encoded representation of the visual characteristics of an object, such as a physical scene or the interior structure of an object.
A dose is a measured quantity of a medicine, nutrient, or pathogen which is delivered as a unit.
An environmental hazard is a substance, a state or an event which has the potential to threaten the surrounding natural environment / or adversely affect people's health, including pollution and natural disasters such as storms and earthquakes Any single or combination of toxic chemical, biological, or physical agents in the environment, resulting from human activities or natural processes, that may impact the health of exposed subjects, including pollutants such as heavy metals, pesticides, biological contaminants, toxic waste, industrial and home chemicals.
Factors of safety (FoS), is also known as (and used interchangeably with) safety factor (SF), is a term describing the load carrying capacity of a system beyond the expected or actual loads.
Every person has his/her own family.mother reproduces with husband for children.In the context of human society, a family (from familia) is a group of people related either by consanguinity (by recognized birth), affinity (by marriage or other relationship), or co-residence (as implied by the etymology of the English word "family" from Latin familia 'family servants, domestics collectively, the servants in a household,' thus also 'members of a household, the estate, property; the household, including relatives and servants,' abstract noun formed from famulus 'servant, slave ') or some combination of these.
Fertility is the natural capability to produce offspring.
Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.
Gasoline (American English), or petrol (British English), is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in spark-ignited internal combustion engines.
The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) is an internationally agreed-upon standard managed by the United Nations that was set up to replace the assortment of hazardous material classification and labelling schemes previously used around the world.
Hatmaking or millinery is the design, manufacture and sale of hats and head-wear.
Hepatotoxicity (from hepatic toxicity) implies chemical-driven liver damage.
The human eye is an organ which reacts to light and pressure.
Hydrofluoric acid is a solution of hydrogen fluoride (HF) in water.
The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.
In the law of the European Union, indicative limit values, more exactly indicative occupational exposure limit values (IOELVs), are human exposure limits to hazardous substances specified by the Council of the European Union based on expert research and advice.
Industrial waste is the waste produced by industrial activity which includes any material that is rendered useless during a manufacturing process such as that of factories, industries, mills, and mining operations.
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.
Inflammation (from inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.
An inorganic compound is typically a chemical compound that lacks C-H bonds, that is, a compound that is not an organic compound, but the distinction is not defined or even of particular interest.
Intaglio is the family of printing and printmaking techniques in which the image is incised into a surface and the incised line or sunken area holds the ink.
Ionizing radiation (ionising radiation) is radiation that carries enough energy to liberate electrons from atoms or molecules, thereby ionizing them.
Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.
Many gases have toxic properties, which are often assessed using the LC50 (median lethal dose) measure.
The Yu-Gi-Oh! series features an extensive cast of characters created by Kazuki Takahashi.
Lithography is a method of printing originally based on the immiscibility of oil and water.
The liver, an organ only found in vertebrates, detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion.
In toxicology, the median lethal dose, LD50 (abbreviation for "lethal dose, 50%"), LC50 (lethal concentration, 50%) or LCt50 is a measure of the lethal dose of a toxin, radiation, or pathogen.
Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.
A metaphor is a figure of speech that directly refers to one thing by mentioning another for rhetorical effect.
Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, often abbreviated MeOH).
In chemistry, a mixture is a material made up of two or more different substances which are mixed.
In genetics, a mutagen is a physical or chemical agent that changes the genetic material, usually DNA, of an organism and thus increases the frequency of mutations above the natural background level.
Nephrotoxicity is toxicity in the kidneys.
Neurotoxicity is a form of toxicity in which a biological, chemical, or physical agent produces an adverse effect on the structure or function of the central and/or peripheral nervous system.
In non-clinical assessment, NOAEL (no-observed-adverse-effect level) plays a pivotal role.
Nomenclature codes or codes of nomenclature are the various rulebooks that govern biological taxonomic nomenclature, each in their own broad field of organisms.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
In biology, an organism (from Greek: ὀργανισμός, organismos) is any individual entity that exhibits the properties of life.
Ototoxicity is the property of being toxic to the ear (oto-), specifically the cochlea or auditory nerve and sometimes the vestibular system, for example, as a side effect of a drug.
Paracelsus (1493/4 – 24 September 1541), born Theophrastus von Hohenheim (full name Philippus Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim), was a Swiss physician, alchemist, and astrologer of the German Renaissance.
In science and philosophy, a paradigm is a distinct set of concepts or thought patterns, including theories, research methods, postulates, and standards for what constitutes legitimate contributions to a field.
In science and engineering, the parts-per notation is a set of pseudo-units to describe small values of miscellaneous dimensionless quantities, e.g. mole fraction or mass fraction.
A patch test is a method used to determine whether a specific substance causes allergic inflammation of a patient's skin.
In biology, a pathogen (πάθος pathos "suffering, passion" and -γενής -genēs "producer of") or a '''germ''' in the oldest and broadest sense is anything that can produce disease; the term came into use in the 1880s.
Pesticides are substances that are meant to control pests, including weeds.
Photolithography, also termed optical lithography or UV lithography, is a process used in microfabrication to pattern parts of a thin film or the bulk of a substrate.
Physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling is a mathematical modeling technique for predicting the absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (ADME) of synthetic or natural chemical substances in humans and other animal species.
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
In biology, poisons are substances that cause disturbances in organisms, usually by chemical reaction or other activity on the molecular scale, when an organism absorbs a sufficient quantity.
PubMed is a free search engine accessing primarily the MEDLINE database of references and abstracts on life sciences and biomedical topics.
Radioactive decay (also known as nuclear decay or radioactivity) is the process by which an unstable atomic nucleus loses energy (in terms of mass in its rest frame) by emitting radiation, such as an alpha particle, beta particle with neutrino or only a neutrino in the case of electron capture, gamma ray, or electron in the case of internal conversion.
Radium is a chemical element with symbol Ra and atomic number 88.
A reference dose is the United States Environmental Protection Agency's maximum acceptable oral dose of a toxic substance.
Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) is a database of toxicity information compiled from the open scientific literature without reference to the validity or usefulness of the studies reported.
A safety data sheet (SDS), material safety data sheet (MSDS), or product safety data sheet (PSDS) is an important component of product stewardship, occupational safety and health, and spill-handling procedures.
Screen printing is a printing technique whereby a mesh is used to transfer ink onto a substrate, except in areas made impermeable to the ink by a blocking stencil.
Silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms.
A skull and crossbones is a symbol consisting of a human skull and two long bones crossed together under or behind the skull.
Snake venom is highly modified saliva containing zootoxins which facilitates the immobilization and digestion of prey, and defense against threats.
Soil contamination or soil pollution as part of land degradation is caused by the presence of xenobiotic (human-made) chemicals or other alteration in the natural soil environment.
Superfund is a United States federal government program designed to fund the cleanup of sites contaminated with hazardous substances and pollutants.
Teratology is the study of abnormalities of physiological development.
The threshold limit value (TLV) of a chemical substance is believed to be a level to which a worker can be exposed day after day for a working lifetime without adverse effects.
Tobacco smoking is the practice of smoking tobacco and inhaling tobacco smoke (consisting of particle and gaseous phases).
Tolerable daily intake (TDI) refers to the daily amount of a chemical that has been assessed safe for human being on long-term basis (usually whole lifetime).
A toxic tort claim is a specific type of personal injury lawsuit in which the plaintiff claims that exposure to a chemical or dangerous substance caused the plaintiff's injury or disease.
Toxica (Latin for toxic) may refer to.
A toxicant (pronounced TOK-sih-kunt) is any toxic substance.
Toxication or toxification is the conversion of a chemical compound into a more toxic form in living organisms or in substrates such as soil or water.
Toxicity is the degree to which a chemical substance or a particular mixture of substances can damage an organism.
Toxicity class refers to a classification system for pesticides that has been created by a national or international government-related or -sponsored organization.
Toxicity labels viz; red label, yellow label, blue label and green label are mandatory labels employed on pesticide containers in India identifying the level of toxicity (that is, the toxicity class) of the contained pesticide.
Toxicology is a discipline, overlapping with biology, chemistry, pharmacology, and medicine, that involves the study of the adverse effects of chemical substances on living organisms and the practice of diagnosing and treating exposures to toxins and toxicants.
A toxicophore is a chemical structure or a portion of a structure (e.g., a functional group) that is related to the toxic properties of a chemical.
The Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) is a publicly available database containing information on toxic chemical releases and other waste management activities in the United States.
A toxin (from toxikon) is a poisonous substance produced within living cells or organisms; synthetic toxicants created by artificial processes are thus excluded.
TOXMAP is a geographic information system (GIS) from the United States National Library of Medicine (NLM) that uses maps of the United States to help users explore data from the United States Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) and Superfund programs with visual projections and maps.
Toxodon (meaning "bow tooth") is an extinct genus of South American mammals from the Late Miocene to Middle Holocene epochs (Mayoan to post-Lujanian in the SALMA classification) (about 11.6 million to 5000 years ago).
Chemical structure of pinene, a major component of turpentine Turpentine (also called spirit of turpentine, oil of turpentine, wood turpentine and colloquially turps) is a fluid obtained by the distillation of resin obtained from live trees, mainly pines.
The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.
The United States National Library of Medicine (NLM), operated by the United States federal government, is the world's largest medical library.
Uranium is a chemical element with symbol U and atomic number 92.
Venomous Animals Venom is a form of toxin secreted by an animal for the purpose of causing harm to another.
A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
Water intoxication, also known as water poisoning, hyperhydration, or water toxemia is a potentially fatal disturbance in brain functions that results when the normal balance of electrolytes in the body is pushed outside safe limits by overhydration (excessive water intake).
Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies, usually as a result of human activities.
Worms are many different distantly related animals that typically have a long cylindrical tube-like body and no limbs.
Xylene (from Greek ξύλο, xylo, "wood"), xylol or dimethylbenzene is any one of three isomers of dimethylbenzene, or a combination thereof.