130 relations: American Railway Engineering and Maintenance-of-Way Association, Asphalt concrete, Audio frequency, Australian Railway History, Axle counter, Baffin Island, Baffinland Iron Mine, Balfour Beatty, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Barlow rail, Baulk road, Bolted joint, Branch line, Breather switch, British Rail, Broad-gauge railway, Buckling, Cant (road/rail), Carbon steel, Cleopatra's Needle (New York City), Comparison of train and tram tracks, Creosote, Decauville, Degree of curvature, Derailment, Dual gauge, Elastomer, Electric current, Electric locomotive, Epoxy, Eucalyptus diversicolor, Eucalyptus marginata, Exothermic welding, Expansion joint, Fir, Fishplate, Flange, Flash welding, Gandy dancer, Glossary of rail transport terms, Glossary of United Kingdom railway terms, Gondola (rail), Grade (slope), Grading (engineering), Great Western Railway, Hardwood, Herbicide, High-speed rail, Hither Green rail crash, Horizontal and vertical, ..., Horizontal plane, Hydraulics, I-beam, International Union of Railways, Iron, Italy, John Hawkshaw, Ladder track, Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway, LC circuit, Linear density, London, Midland and Scottish Railway, Main line (railway), Manual labour, Monorail, Narrow Gauge Down Under, Narrow-gauge railway, New York City, Newcastle and North Shields Railway, Nondestructive testing, Open wagon, Overhead line, Panama Canal, Pandrol, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania Railroad, Permafrost, Permanent way (history), Platelayer, Pound (mass), Profile (engineering), Qinghai–Tibet railway, Rack railway, Rail fastening system, Rail inspection, Rail profile, Rail stressing, Rail transport, Railgrinder, Railroad ecology, Railroad switch, Railroad tie, Railway electrification system, Railway Gazette International, Railway signalling, Road–rail vehicle, Roll way, Rolling, Rolling (metalworking), Rubber-tyred metro, Screw, Siding (rail), Slip forming, Slow zone, Softwood, SS Dessoug, Standard-gauge railway, Steel, Stoneblower, Street running, Subgrade, Sugarcane, TGV track construction, Third rail, Tibet, Track ballast, Track bed, Track circuit, Track gauge, Track geometry, Track renewal train, Track transition curve, Train, Train wheel, Tram, Tramway (industrial), United Kingdom, Verb, Welding, Yard. Expand index (80 more) » « Shrink index
The American Railway Engineering and Maintenance-of-Way Association (AREMA) is a North American railway industry group.
Asphalt concrete (commonly called asphalt, blacktop, or pavement in North America, and tarmac, bitumen macadam or rolled asphalt in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland) is a composite material commonly used to surface roads, parking lots, airports, as well as the core of embankment dams.
An audio frequency (abbreviation: AF) or audible frequency is characterized as a periodic vibration whose frequency is audible to the average human.
Australian Railway History is a monthly magazine covering railway history in Australia published by the New South Wales Division of the Australian Railway Historical Society on behalf of its seven state and territory Divisions.
An axle counter is a device on a railway that detects the passing of a train between two points on a track.
Baffin Island (ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓗᒃ, Qikiqtaaluk, Île de Baffin or Terre de Baffin), in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, is the largest island in Canada and the fifth largest island in the world.
The Baffinland Iron Mines Corporation is working to develop a large open pit iron mine in the Mary River area of Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada.
Balfour Beatty plc is an English multinational infrastructure group with capabilities in construction services, support services and infrastructure investments.
The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was the first common carrier railroad and the oldest railroad in the United States, with its first section opening in 1830.
Barlow rail was a rolled rail section used on early railways.
Baulk road is the name given to a type of railway track or 'rail road' that is formed using rails carried on continuous timber bearings, as opposed to the more familiar 'cross-sleeper' track that uses closely spaced sleepers or ties to give intermittent support to stronger rails.
Bolted joints are one of the most common elements in construction and machine design.
A branch line is a secondary railway line which branches off a more important through route, usually a main line.
A breather switch, expansion joint, or adjustment switch is an intentional gap in railway tracks to allow for expansion in long sections of otherwise unbroken rail.
British Railways (BR), which from 1965 traded as British Rail, was the state-owned company that operated most of the rail transport in Great Britain between 1948 and 1997.
A broad-gauge railway is a railway with a track gauge broader than the standard-gauge railways.
In science, buckling is a mathematical instability that leads to a failure mode.
The cant of a railway track or camber of a road (also referred to as superelevation, cross slope or cross fall) is the rate of change in elevation (height) between the two rails or edges.
Carbon steel is a steel with carbon content up to 2.1% by weight.
Cleopatra's Needle in New York City is one of three similar named Egyptian obelisks and was erected in Central Park (at, west of the Metropolitan Museum of Art) on 22 February 1881.
A railway or railroad is a track where the vehicle travels over two parallel steel bars, called rails.
Creosote is a category of carbonaceous chemicals formed by the distillation of various tars and pyrolysis of plant-derived material, such as wood or fossil fuel.
Decauville was a manufacturing company was founded by Paul Decauville (1846–1922), a French pioneer in industrial railways.
Degree of curve or degree of curvature is a measure of curvature of a circular arc used in civil engineering for its easy use in layout surveying.
A derailment occurs when a vehicle such as a train runs off its rails.
A dual gauge railway is a track that allows the passage of trains of two different track gauges.
An elastomer is a polymer with viscoelasticity (i. e., both viscosity and elasticity) and very weak intermolecular forces, and generally low Young's modulus and high failure strain compared with other materials.
An electric current is a flow of electric charge.
An electric locomotive is a locomotive powered by electricity from overhead lines, a third rail or on-board energy storage such as a battery or a supercapacitor.
Epoxy is either any of the basic components or the cured end products of epoxy resins, as well as a colloquial name for the epoxide functional group.
Eucalyptus diversicolor, commonly known as the karri, is a eucalypt native to the wetter regions of southwestern Western Australia.
Eucalyptus marginata, commonly known as jarrah, is a plant in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae and is endemic to the south-west of Western Australia where it is one of most common species of Eucalyptus tree.
Exothermic welding, also known as exothermic bonding, thermite welding (TW), and thermit welding, is a welding process that employs molten metal to permanently join the conductors.
An expansion joint or movement joint is an assembly designed to safely absorb the temperature-induced expansion and contraction of construction materials, to absorb vibration, to hold parts together, or to allow movement due to ground settlement or earthquakes.
Firs (Abies) are a genus of 48–56 species of evergreen coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae.
Fishplate on the Bluebell Railway In rail terminology, a fishplate, splice bar or joint bar is a metal bar that is bolted to the ends of two rails to join them together in a track.
A flange is an external or internal ridge, or rim (lip), for strength, as the flange of an iron beam such as an I-beam or a T-beam; or for attachment to another object, as the flange on the end of a pipe, steam cylinder, etc., or on the lens mount of a camera; or for a flange of a rail car or tram wheel.
Flash welding is a type of resistance welding that does not use any filler metals.
Gandy dancer is a slang term used for early railroad workers in the United States, more formally referred to as "section hands", who laid and maintained railroad tracks in the years before the work was done by machines.
Rail terminology is a form of technical terminology.
This page contains a list of jargon used to varying degrees by railfans, trainspotters, and railway employees in the United Kingdom, including nicknames for various locomotives and multiple units.
In US railroad terminology, a gondola is an open-topped rail vehicle used for transporting loose bulk materials.
The grade (also called slope, incline, gradient, mainfall, pitch or rise) of a physical feature, landform or constructed line refers to the tangent of the angle of that surface to the horizontal.
Grading in civil engineering and landscape architectural construction is the work of ensuring a level base, or one with a specified slope, for a construction work such as a foundation, the base course for a road or a railway, or landscape and garden improvements, or surface drainage.
The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company that linked London with the south-west and west of England, the Midlands, and most of Wales.
Hardwood is wood from dicot trees.
Herbicides, also commonly known as weedkillers, are chemical substances used to control unwanted plants.
High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly faster than traditional rail traffic, using an integrated system of specialized rolling stock and dedicated tracks.
On 5 November 1967, a busy Sunday evening train service from to was derailed near the Hither Green maintenance depot in London, between and railway stations.
The usage of the inter-related terms horizontal and vertical as well as their symmetries and asymmetries vary with context (e.g. two vs. three dimensions or calculations using a flat earth approximation vs. spherical earth).
In geometry, physics, astronomy, geography, and related sciences, a plane is said to be horizontal at a given point if it is perpendicular to the gradient of the gravity field at that point – in other words, if apparent gravity makes a plumb bob hang perpendicular to the plane at that point.
Hydraulics (from Greek: Υδραυλική) is a technology and applied science using engineering, chemistry, and other sciences involving the mechanical properties and use of liquids.
An -beam, also known as H-beam (for universal column, UC), w-beam (for "wide flange"), universal beam (UB), rolled steel joist (RSJ), or double-T (especially in Polish, Bulgarian, Spanish, Italian and German), is a beam with an or H-shaped cross-section.
The UIC (Union Internationale des Chemins de fer) or International Union of Railways is an international rail transport industry body.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Sir John Hawkshaw FRS FRSE MICE (9 April 1811 – 2 June 1891), was an English civil engineer.
Ladder track is a type of railway track in which the track is laid on longitudinal supports with transverse connectors holding the two rails at the correct gauge distance.
The Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway (L&YR) was a major British railway company before the 1923 Grouping.
An LC circuit, also called a resonant circuit, tank circuit, or tuned circuit, is an electric circuit consisting of an inductor, represented by the letter L, and a capacitor, represented by the letter C, connected together.
Linear density is the measure of a quantity of any characteristic value per unit of length.
The London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS)It has been argued that the initials LMSR should be used to be consistent with LNER, GWR and SR.
The main line, or mainline in American English, of a railway is a track that is used for through trains or is the principal artery of the system from which branch lines, yards, sidings and spurs are connected.
Manual labour (in British English, manual labor in American English) or manual work is physical work done by people, most especially in contrast to that done by machines, and to that done by working animals.
A monorail is a railway in which the track consists of a single rail.
Narrow Gauge Down Under is an Australian magazine that covers narrow-gauge prototype and model railways.
A narrow-gauge railway (narrow-gauge railroad in the US) is a railway with a track gauge narrower than the standard.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
The Newcastle & North Shields Railway opened in June 1839 from a temporary terminus in Carliol Square in Newcastle upon Tyne to North Shields.
Nondestructive testing or non-destructive testing (NDT) is a wide group of analysis techniques used in science and technology industry to evaluate the properties of a material, component or system without causing damage.
Open wagons form a large group of railway goods wagons designed primarily for the transportation of bulk goods that are not moisture-retentive and can usually be tipped, dumped or shovelled.
An overhead line or overhead wire is used to transmit electrical energy to trams, trolleybuses or trains.
The Panama Canal (Canal de Panamá) is an artificial waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean.
Pandrol UK is a British company that manufactures rail fastenings, which are used to fasten rails to railway sleepers.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
The Pennsylvania Railroad (or Pennsylvania Railroad Company and also known as the "Pennsy") was an American Class I railroad that was established in 1846 and was headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
In geology, permafrost is ground, including rock or (cryotic) soil, at or below the freezing point of water for two or more years.
The permanent way is the elements of railway lines: generally the pairs of rails typically laid on the sleepers ("ties" in American parlance) embedded in ballast, intended to carry the ordinary trains of a railway.
A platelayer (British English) or trackman (American English) is a railway employee whose job is to inspect and maintain the permanent way of a railway installation.
The pound or pound-mass is a unit of mass used in the imperial, United States customary and other systems of measurement.
In standardization, a profile is a subset internal to a specification.
The Qinghai–Tibet railway or Qingzang railway (མཚོ་བོད་ལྕགས་ལམ།, mtsho bod lcags lam), is a high-elevation railway that connects Xining, Qinghai Province, to Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region of China.
A rack railway (also rack-and-pinion railway, cog railway, or cogwheel railway) is a steep grade railway with a toothed rack rail, usually between the running rails.
A rail fastening system is a means of fixing rails to railroad ties (North America) or sleepers (British Isles, Australasia, and Africa).
Rail inspection is the practice of examining rail tracks for flaws that could lead to catastrophic failures.
The rail profile is the cross sectional shape of a railway rail, perpendicular to its length.
Stressing is a rail engineering process.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
A railgrinder (or rail grinder) is a maintenance of way vehicle or train used to restore the profile and remove irregularities from worn tracks to extend its life and to improve the ride of trains using the track.
Railroad ecology is a term used to refer to the study of the ecological community growing along railroad or railway tracks and the effects of railroads on natural ecosystems.
A railroad switch, turnout, or points is a mechanical installation enabling railway trains to be guided from one track to another, such as at a railway junction or where a spur or siding branches off.
A railroad tie/railway tie/crosstie (North America) or railway sleeper (Britain, Ireland, South Asia, Australasia, and Africa) is a rectangular support for the rails in railroad tracks.
A railway electrification system supplies electric power to railway trains and trams without an on-board prime mover or local fuel supply.
Railway Gazette International is a monthly business journal covering the railway, metro, light rail and tram industries worldwide.
Railway signalling is a system used to direct railway traffic and keep trains clear of each other at all times.
A road–rail vehicle is a vehicle which can operate both on rail tracks and a conventional road.
A roll way or running pad is the pad placed on a concrete slab or on the ties outside along the rails of the conventional track of a rubber-tyred metro or along the unconventional track of a tram.
Rolling is a type of motion that combines rotation (commonly, of an axially symmetric object) and translation of that object with respect to a surface (either one or the other moves), such that, if ideal conditions exist, the two are in contact with each other without sliding.
In metalworking, rolling is a metal forming process in which metal stock is passed through one or more pairs of rolls to reduce the thickness and to make the thickness uniform.
A rubber-tyred metro, also spelled rubber-tired metro, is a form of rapid transit system that uses a mix of road and rail technology.
A screw is a type of fastener, in some ways similar to a bolt (see Differentiation between bolt and screw below), typically made of metal, and characterized by a helical ridge, known as a male thread (external thread).
A siding, in rail terminology, is a low-speed track section distinct from a running line or through route such as a main line or branch line or spur.
Slip forming, continuous poured, continuously formed, or slipform construction is a construction method in which concrete is poured into a continuously moving form.
A slow zone, in the United States, is an area where a train is forced to slow down for either structural, construction, power, signal, or track problems.
Scots Pine, a typical and well-known softwood Softwood is wood from gymnosperm trees such as conifers.
SS Dessoug was a wooden cargo ship which was built in 1864 for the Khedive of Egypt as Denton.
A standard-gauge railway is a railway with a track gauge of.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
A stoneblower is a railway track maintenance machine that automatically lifts and packs the sleepers with small grade ballast, which is blown under the sleepers to level the track.
On-street running or street running is the routing of a railroad track or tramway track running directly along public streets, without any grade separation.
In transport engineering, subgrade is the native material underneath a constructed road,http://www.highwaysmaintenance.com/drainage.htm The Idiots' Guide to Highways Maintenance highwaysmaintenence.com pavement or railway (US: railroad) track.
Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.
LGV construction is the process by which the land on which TGV trains are to run is prepared for their use, involving carving the trackbed and laying the track.
A third rail is a method of providing electric power to a railway locomotive or train, through a semi-continuous rigid conductor placed alongside or between the rails of a railway track.
Tibet is a historical region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Central Asia.
Track ballast forms the trackbed upon which railroad ties (sleepers) are laid.
The track bed or trackbed is the groundwork onto which a railway track is laid.
A track circuit is a simple electrical device used to detect the absence of a train on rail tracks, used to inform signallers and control relevant signals.
In rail transport, track gauge is the spacing of the rails on a railway track and is measured between the inner faces of the load-bearing rails.
Track geometry is three-dimensional geometry of track layouts and associated measurements used in design, construction and maintenance of railroad tracks.
A track renewal train (also known as track renewal system or new track construction machine) is a work train that consists of many units of machinery and materials required for track renewal (rail and sleeper replacement) projects.
A track transition curve, or spiral easement, is a mathematically-calculated curve on a section of highway, or railroad track, in which a straight section changes into a curve.
A train is a form of transport consisting of a series of connected vehicles that generally runs along a rail track to transport cargo or passengers.
A train wheel or rail wheel is a type of wheel specially designed for use on rail tracks.
A tram (also tramcar; and in North America streetcar, trolley or trolley car) is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets, and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.
Tramways (not to be confused with a system of passenger carrying trams) are lightly laid railways, sometimes worked without locomotives.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word (part of speech) that in syntax conveys an action (bring, read, walk, run, learn), an occurrence (happen, become), or a state of being (be, exist, stand).
Welding is a fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing fusion, which is distinct from lower temperature metal-joining techniques such as brazing and soldering, which do not melt the base metal.
The yard (abbreviation: yd) is an English unit of length, in both the British imperial and US customary systems of measurement, that comprises 3 feet or 36 inches.
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