134 relations: Adjective, Age of Enlightenment, Agency for Cultural Affairs, Agrarianism, Alasdair MacIntyre, Albert, Prince Consort, Alliteration, Ancient history, Anthony Giddens, Anthropology, Appeal to tradition, Archaeological culture, Archaeology, Archaeology of the Americas, Aristotelianism, Aristotle, Autarky, Baby announcement, Belief, Berakhot (Talmud), Biology, Church (congregation), Citizenship, Classicism, Colonialism, Convention (norm), Cornish language, Council of Europe, Court dress, Creativity, Cultural assimilation, Detraditionalization, Discrimination, Division of labour, Edison Records, Edward Shils, Eric Hobsbawm, Ethnomusicology, European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, Expatriate, Federal holidays in the United States, Feminism, Figure of speech, Filial piety, Fine art, Folk art, Folk dance, Folk music, Folklore, Generation, ..., Ghil'ad Zuckermann, Globalization, Greeting card, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Hazzan, Hierarchy, High culture, Ideology, Individualism, Industrial society, Industry (archaeology), Inheritance, Interdependence, Invented tradition, Japan, King Arthur, Latin, Left-wing politics, Legitimacy (political), Living National Treasure (Japan), Marcel Lefebvre, Martin Heidegger, Max Weber, Māori people, Modernity, Monarchy of the United Kingdom, Monotheism, Muhammad, Musicology, Myth, National anthem, National dish, National interest, Nationalism, Natural law, Oral Torah, Oral tradition, Organic unity, Origin myth, Palace of Westminster, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Pascal Boyer, Perennial philosophy, Picnic, Plato, Political spectrum, Prehistory, Progress (history), Psychology, Public holiday, Queen Victoria, Rational-legal authority, Rationality, Raymond Boudon, Religious denomination, Rhyme, Right-wing politics, Roman law, Sacred tradition, Second Vatican Council, Social conservatism, Social constructionism, Social exclusion, Social norm, Social progress, Social relation, Social science, Sociology, Spur, Sunni Islam, Terence Ranger, Thomas Kuhn, Time immemorial, Traditional authority, Traditional medicine, Traditional society, Traditionalist Catholicism, Traditionalist conservatism, UNESCO, Unilineal evolution, Wedding dress, Western esotericism, World Intellectual Property Organization, Writing system. Expand index (84 more) » « Shrink index
In linguistics, an adjective (abbreviated) is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.
The Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Enlightenment or the Age of Reason; in lit in Aufklärung, "Enlightenment", in L’Illuminismo, “Enlightenment” and in Spanish: La Ilustración, "Enlightenment") was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, "The Century of Philosophy".
The is a special body of the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT).
Agrarianism is a social philosophy or political philosophy which values rural society as superior to urban society, the independent farmer as superior to the paid worker, and sees farming as a way of life that can shape the ideal social values.
Alasdair Chalmers MacIntyre (born 12 January 1929) is a Scottish philosopher, primarily known for his contribution to moral and political philosophy, but also known for his work in history of philosophy and theology.
Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Francis Albert Augustus Charles Emmanuel; 26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria.
Alliteration is a figure of speech and a stylistic literary device which is identified by the repeated sound of the first or second letter in a series of words, or the repetition of the same letter sounds in stressed syllables of a phrase.
Ancient history is the aggregate of past events, "History" from the beginning of recorded human history and extending as far as the Early Middle Ages or the post-classical history.
Anthony Giddens, Baron Giddens (born 18 January 1938) is a British sociologist who is known for his theory of structuration and his holistic view of modern societies.
Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.
Appeal to tradition (also known as argumentum ad antiquitatem, appeal to antiquity, or appeal to common practice) is an argument in which a thesis is deemed correct on the basis that it is correlated with some past or present tradition.
An archaeological culture is a recurring assemblage of artifacts from a specific time and place that may constitute the material culture remains of a particular past human society.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
The archaeology of the Americas is the study of the archaeology of North America (Mesoamerica included), Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
Aristotelianism is a tradition of philosophy that takes its defining inspiration from the work of Aristotle.
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
Autarky is the quality of being self-sufficient.
A baby announcement or birth announcement is a notice traditionally sent to friends and family by the parents of a baby within the first year of the baby's birth for the primary purpose of alerting friends and family to the birth of the baby.
Belief is the state of mind in which a person thinks something to be the case with or without there being empirical evidence to prove that something is the case with factual certainty.
Berachot (Hebrew: בְּרָכֹות Brakhoth in Talmudic/Classical Hebrew, "Blessings"; also Berachos) is the first tractate (Hebrew: masekhet) of Seder Zeraim ("Order of Seeds"), a collection of the Mishnah that primarily deals with laws relating to plants and farming, hence the name.
Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.
A church is a Christian religious organization or congregation or community that meets in a particular location.
Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a legal member of a sovereign state or belonging to a nation.
Classicism, in the arts, refers generally to a high regard for a classical period, classical antiquity in the Western tradition, as setting standards for taste which the classicists seek to emulate.
Colonialism is the policy of a polity seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of developing or exploiting them to the benefit of the colonizing country and of helping the colonies modernize in terms defined by the colonizers, especially in economics, religion and health.
A convention is a set of agreed, stipulated, or generally accepted standards, norms, social norms, or criteria, often taking the form of a custom.
Cornish (Kernowek) is a revived language that became extinct as a first language in the late 18th century.
The Council of Europe (CoE; Conseil de l'Europe) is an international organisation whose stated aim is to uphold human rights, democracy and the rule of law in Europe.
Court dress comprises the style of clothes prescribed for courts of law, and for royal courts.
Creativity is a phenomenon whereby something new and somehow valuable is formed.
Cultural assimilation is the process in which a minority group or culture comes to resemble those of a dominant group.
In social theory, detraditionalization refers to the erosion of tradition in religion (Secularization, agnosticism, Religious disaffiliation) and society in (post)modernism.
In human social affairs, discrimination is treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person based on the group, class, or category to which the person is perceived to belong.
The division of labour is the separation of tasks in any system so that participants may specialize.
Edison Records was one of the earliest record labels which pioneered sound recording and reproduction and was an important player in the early recording industry.
Edward Shils (1 June or July 1910 – 23 January 1995) was a Distinguished Service Professor in the Committee on Social Thought and in Sociology at the University of Chicago and an influential sociologist.
Eric John Ernest Hobsbawm (9 June 1917 – 1 October 2012) was a British historian of the rise of industrial capitalism, socialism and nationalism.
Ethnomusicology is the study of music from the cultural and social aspects of the people who make it.
The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages (ECRML) is a European treaty (CETS 148) adopted in 1992 under the auspices of the Council of Europe to protect and promote historical regional and minority languages in Europe.
An expatriate (often shortened to expat) is a person temporarily or permanently residing in a country other than their native country.
In the United States, a federal holiday is an authorized holiday which has been recognized by the US government.
Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes.
A figure of speech or rhetorical figure is figurative language in the form of a single word or phrase.
In Confucian philosophy, filial piety (xiào) is a virtue of respect for one's parents, elders, and ancestors.
In European academic traditions, fine art is art developed primarily for aesthetics or beauty, distinguishing it from applied art, which also has to serve some practical function, such as pottery or most metalwork.
Folk art encompasses art produced from an indigenous culture or by peasants or other laboring tradespeople.
A folk dance is developed by people that reflect the life of the people of a certain country or region.
Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.
Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group.
A generation is "all of the people born and living at about the same time, regarded collectively." It can also be described as, "the average period, generally considered to be about thirty years, during which children are born and grow up, become adults, and begin to have children of their own." In kinship terminology, it is a structural term designating the parent-child relationship.
Ghil'ad Zuckermann (גלעד צוקרמן,, born 1 June 1971) is a linguist and revivalist who works in contact linguistics, lexicology and the study of language, culture and identity.
Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.
A greeting card is an illustrated piece of card or high quality paper featuring an expression of friendship or other sentiment.
Hans-Georg Gadamer (February 11, 1900 – March 13, 2002) was a German philosopher of the continental tradition, best known for his 1960 magnum opus Truth and Method (Wahrheit und Methode) on hermeneutics.
A hazzan or chazzan (חַזָּן, plural; Yiddish khazn; Ladino hassan) is a Jewish musician or precentor trained in the vocal arts who helps lead the congregation in songful prayer.
A hierarchy (from the Greek hierarchia, "rule of a high priest", from hierarkhes, "leader of sacred rites") is an arrangement of items (objects, names, values, categories, etc.) in which the items are represented as being "above", "below", or "at the same level as" one another A hierarchy can link entities either directly or indirectly, and either vertically or diagonally.
High culture encompasses the cultural products of aesthetic value, which a society collectively esteem as exemplary art.
An Ideology is a collection of normative beliefs and values that an individual or group holds for other than purely epistemic reasons.
Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual.
In sociology, industrial society is a society driven by the use of technology to enable mass production, supporting a large population with a high capacity for division of labour.
In the archaeology of the Stone Age, an industry or technocomplex is a typological classification of stone tools.
Inheritance is the practice of passing on property, titles, debts, rights, and obligations upon the death of an individual.
Interdependence is the mutual reliance between two or more groups.
The invention of tradition is a concept made prominent in the eponymous 1983 book edited by British Marxist intellectual E. J. Hobsbawm and T. O. Ranger.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
King Arthur is a legendary British leader who, according to medieval histories and romances, led the defence of Britain against Saxon invaders in the late 5th and early 6th centuries.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Left-wing politics supports social equality and egalitarianism, often in opposition to social hierarchy.
In political science, legitimacy is the right and acceptance of an authority, usually a governing law or a régime.
is a Japanese popular term for those individuals certified as by the Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology as based on Japan's.
Marcel François Marie Joseph Lefebvre (29 November 1905 – 25 March 1991) was a French Roman Catholic archbishop.
Martin Heidegger (26 September 188926 May 1976) was a German philosopher and a seminal thinker in the Continental tradition and philosophical hermeneutics, and is "widely acknowledged to be one of the most original and important philosophers of the 20th century." Heidegger is best known for his contributions to phenomenology and existentialism, though as the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy cautions, "his thinking should be identified as part of such philosophical movements only with extreme care and qualification".
Maximilian Karl Emil "Max" Weber (21 April 1864 – 14 June 1920) was a German sociologist, philosopher, jurist, and political economist.
The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand.
Modernity, a topic in the humanities and social sciences, is both a historical period (the modern era), as well as the ensemble of particular socio-cultural norms, attitudes and practices that arose in the wake of Renaissance, in the "Age of Reason" of 17th-century thought and the 18th-century "Enlightenment".
The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom, its dependencies and its overseas territories.
Monotheism has been defined as the belief in the existence of only one god that created the world, is all-powerful and intervenes in the world.
MuhammadFull name: Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāšim (ابو القاسم محمد ابن عبد الله ابن عبد المطلب ابن هاشم, lit: Father of Qasim Muhammad son of Abd Allah son of Abdul-Muttalib son of Hashim) (مُحمّد;;Classical Arabic pronunciation Latinized as Mahometus c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE)Elizabeth Goldman (1995), p. 63, gives 8 June 632 CE, the dominant Islamic tradition.
Musicology is the scholarly analysis and research-based study of music.
Myth is a folklore genre consisting of narratives that play a fundamental role in society, such as foundational tales.
A national anthem (also state anthem, national hymn, national song, etc.) is generally a patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions, and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nation's government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people.
A national dish is a culinary dish that is strongly associated with a particular country.
The national interest, often referred to by the French expression raison d'État ("reason of State"), is a country's goals and ambitions, whether economic, military, cultural or otherwise.
Nationalism is a political, social, and economic system characterized by the promotion of the interests of a particular nation, especially with the aim of gaining and maintaining sovereignty (self-governance) over the homeland.
Natural law (ius naturale, lex naturalis) is a philosophy asserting that certain rights are inherent by virtue of human nature, endowed by nature—traditionally by God or a transcendent source—and that these can be understood universally through human reason.
According to Rabbinic Judaism, the Oral Torah or Oral Law (lit. "Torah that is on the mouth") represents those laws, statutes, and legal interpretations that were not recorded in the Five Books of Moses, the "Written Torah" (lit. "Torah that is in writing"), but nonetheless are regarded by Orthodox Jews as prescriptive and co-given.
Oral tradition, or oral lore, is a form of human communication where in knowledge, art, ideas and cultural material is received, preserved and transmitted orally from one generation to another.
Organic unity is the idea that a thing is made up of interdependent parts.
An origin myth is a myth that purports to describe the origin of some feature of the natural or social world.
The Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
Pascal Robert Boyer is a French and American anthropologist, mostly known for his work in the cognitive science of religion.
Perennial philosophy (philosophia perennis), also referred to as Perennialism and perennial wisdom, is a perspective in modern spirituality that views each of the world's religious traditions as sharing a single, metaphysical truth or origin from which all esoteric and exoteric knowledge and doctrine has grown.
A picnic is a meal taken outdoors (''al fresco'') as part of an excursion – ideally in scenic surroundings, such as a park, lakeside, or other place affording an interesting view, or else in conjunction with a public event such as preceding an open-air theatre performance, and usually in summer.
Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
A political spectrum is a system of classifying different political positions upon one or more geometric axes that symbolize independent political dimensions.
Human prehistory is the period between the use of the first stone tools 3.3 million years ago by hominins and the invention of writing systems.
In historiography, progress (from Latin progressus, "advance", "(a) step onwards") is the study of how specific societies improved over time in terms of science, technology, modernization, liberty, democracy, longevity, quality of life, freedom from pollution and so on.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
A public holiday, national holiday or legal holiday is a holiday generally established by law and is usually a non-working day during the year.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
Rational-legal authority (also known as rational authority, legal authority, rational domination, legal domination, or bureaucratic authority) is a form of leadership in which the authority of an organization or a ruling regime is largely tied to legal rationality, legal legitimacy and bureaucracy.
Rationality is the quality or state of being rational – that is, being based on or agreeable to reason.
Raymond Boudon (27 January 1934 – 10 April 2013) was a sociologist and Professor in the Paris-Sorbonne University, and was a member of many important institutions: Académie des Sciences morales et politiques, Academia Europaea, British Academy, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, International Academy of Human Sciences of St Petersburg, Central European Academy of Arts and Sciences.
A religious denomination is a subgroup within a religion that operates under a common name, tradition, and identity.
A rhyme is a repetition of similar sounds (or the same sound) in two or more words, most often in the final syllables of lines in poems and songs.
Right-wing politics hold that certain social orders and hierarchies are inevitable, natural, normal or desirable, typically supporting this position on the basis of natural law, economics or tradition.
Roman law is the legal system of ancient Rome, including the legal developments spanning over a thousand years of jurisprudence, from the Twelve Tables (c. 449 BC), to the Corpus Juris Civilis (AD 529) ordered by Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I. Roman law forms the basic framework for civil law, the most widely used legal system today, and the terms are sometimes used synonymously.
Sacred Tradition, or Holy Tradition, is a theological term used in some Christian traditions, primarily those claiming apostolic succession such as the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Assyrian, and Anglican traditions, to refer to the foundation of the doctrinal and spiritual authority of the Christian Church and of the Bible.
The Second Vatican Council, fully the Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican and informally known as addressed relations between the Catholic Church and the modern world.
Social conservatism is the belief that society is built upon a fragile network of relationships which need to be upheld through duty, traditional values and established institutions.
Social constructionism or the social construction of reality (also social concept) is a theory of knowledge in sociology and communication theory that examines the development of jointly constructed understandings of the world that form the basis for shared assumptions about reality.
Social exclusion, or social marginalization, is the social disadvantage and relegation to the fringe of society.
From a sociological perspective, social norms are informal understandings that govern the behavior of members of a society.
Social progress is the idea that societies can or do improve in terms of their social, political, and economic structures.
In social science, a social relation or social interaction is any relationship between two or more individuals.
Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.
Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.
A spur is a metal tool designed to be worn in pairs on the heels of riding boots for the purpose of directing a horse to move forward or laterally while riding.
Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam.
Terence Osborn Ranger (29 November 1929 – 3 January 2015) was a prominent British Africanist, best known as a historian of Zimbabwe.
Thomas Samuel Kuhn (July 18, 1922 – June 17, 1996) was an American physicist, historian and philosopher of science whose controversial 1962 book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions was influential in both academic and popular circles, introducing the term paradigm shift, which has since become an English-language idiom.
Time immemorial (temps immémorial) is a phrase meaning time extending beyond the reach of memory, record, or tradition, indefinitely ancient, "ancient beyond memory or record".
Traditional authority (also known as traditional domination) is a form of leadership in which the authority of an organization or a ruling regime is largely tied to tradition or custom.
Traditional medicine (also known as indigenous or folk medicine) comprises medical aspects of traditional knowledge that developed over generations within various societies before the era of modern medicine.
In sociology, traditional society refers to a society characterized by an orientation to the past, not the future, with a predominant role for custom and habit.
Traditionalist Catholicism is a movement of Catholics in favour of restoring many or all of the customs, traditions, liturgical forms, public and private devotions and presentations of the teaching of the Catholic Church before the Second Vatican Council (1962–65).
Traditionalist conservatism, also known as classical conservatism and traditional conservatism, is a political philosophy emphasizing the need for the principles of a transcendent moral order, manifested through certain natural laws to which society ought to conform in a prudent manner.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
Unilineal evolution (also referred to as classical social evolution) is a 19th-century social theory about the evolution of societies and cultures.
A wedding dress or wedding gown is the clothing worn by a bride during a wedding ceremony.
Western esotericism (also called esotericism and esoterism), also known as the Western mystery tradition, is a term under which scholars have categorised a wide range of loosely related ideas and movements which have developed within Western society.
The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is one of the 15 specialized agencies of the United Nations (UN).
A writing system is any conventional method of visually representing verbal communication.
Folk custom, Folk customs, Philosophical tradition, Time honored, Time honoured, Time-honored, Time-honored tradition, Time-honoured, Tradition (philosophy), Traditional, Traditional action, Traditional-economic term, Traditionality, Traditionally, Traditions.