197 relations: ABB Group, AF107, Allotropes of carbon, Alloy, Aluminium gallium nitride, American Physical Society, Amorphous silicon, Amplifier, AT&T Corporation, Audio frequency, Avalanche transistor, Ball grid array, Ballistic transistor, Band gap, Bandwidth (signal processing), Bell Labs, Bipolar junction transistor, Calculator, Cam timer, Capacitor, Carbon nanotube field-effect transistor, Cascode, Cathode, Cathode ray tube, Charge carrier, Chemical compound, CK722, CMOS, Common emitter, Computer, Computer program, Control grid, Crystal detector, Darlington transistor, Diffusion transistor, Digital electronics, Diode, DNA field-effect transistor, Electric current, Electric field, Electric power, Electrical polarity, Electron, Electron hole, Electron mobility, Electronic component, Electronics, Electrostatic discharge, EOSFET, Fairchild Semiconductor, ..., Field-effect transistor, Flexible display, Flexible electronics, Floating-gate MOSFET, FREDFET, Gain (electronics), Gallium arsenide, Gallium nitride, Germanium, Google Books, Gordon Kidd Teal, Heat sink, Heinrich Welker, Herbert Mataré, Heterojunction, Heterojunction bipolar transistor, High voltage, High-electron-mobility transistor, Hot cathode, IBM Solid Logic Technology, Indium, Indium(III) sulfate, Insulated-gate bipolar transistor, Integrated circuit, Internationale Funkausstellung Berlin, ISFET, ITFET, JEDEC, JFET, JIS semiconductor designation, John Bardeen, John R. Pierce, Julius Edgar Lilienfeld, Junctionless nanowire transistor, List of IEEE milestones, List of semiconductor materials, Logic gate, Mass production, Mechatronics, MESFET, Metal–semiconductor junction, Metalloid, Microcontroller, Microphonics, Microprocessor, Microwave, Mobile phone, Monocrystalline silicon, Moore's law, Morgan Sparks, Morris Tanenbaum, MOSFET, Motorola, Multigate device, Multiple-emitter transistor, Murray Hill, New Jersey, Nanofluidic circuitry, Neurochip, Nobel Prize in Physics, Organic electrochemical transistor, Organic field-effect transistor, Oscillation, Oskar Heil, Parasitic structure, Paris, Paul Horowitz, P–n diode, P–n junction, PBS, Pentode transistor, Philco, Phonograph, Photodiode, Physicist, Pinout, Point-contact transistor, Polycrystalline silicon, Power rating, Pro Electron, Radar, Radio, Radio frequency, Regency TR-1, Resistor, Reverse leakage current, RF front end, Rise time, Schottky diode, Schottky transistor, Science Friday, Second source, Semiconductor, Semiconductor device, Semiconductor device fabrication, Semiconductor device modeling, Semiconductor package, Sensistor, Signal processing, Silicon, Silicon carbide, Silicon-germanium, Single-electron transistor, Society, Solaristor, Solid-state electronics, Sound recording and reproduction, Space charge, Stochastic, Surface-barrier transistor, Surface-mount technology, Switch, Switched-mode power supply, Telephony, Television, Terminal (electronics), Tetrode transistor, Texas Instruments, The Art of Electronics, Thermionic emission, Thin-film transistor, Through-hole technology, Toshiba, Transconductance, Transistor, Transistor count, Transistor model, Transistor radio, Transistor–transistor logic, Transmitter, Triode, Tube sound, Tunnel field-effect transistor, Unijunction transistor, Vacuum tube, Very-large-scale integration, Voltage, Walter Houser Brattain, Watt, Westinghouse Electric Corporation, William Eccles, William Shockley, Winfield Hill, World War II, 2N3055, 2N3904, 2N7000, 65-nanometer process. Expand index (147 more) » « Shrink index
ABB (ASEA Brown Boveri) is a Swedish-Swiss multinational corporation headquartered in Zurich, Switzerland, operating mainly in robotics, power, heavy electrical equipments, and automation technology areas.
The AF107 is the European name for an early (c. 1960) germanium-based (A) bipolar junction transistor of PNP polarity intended for high frequency use (F).
Carbon is capable of forming many allotropes due to its valency.
An alloy is a combination of metals or of a metal and another element.
Aluminium gallium nitride (AlGaN) is a semiconductor material.
The American Physical Society (APS) is the world's second largest organization of physicists.
Amorphous silicon (a-Si) is the non-crystalline form of silicon used for solar cells and thin-film transistors in LCDs.
An amplifier, electronic amplifier or (informally) amp is an electronic device that can increase the power of a signal (a time-varying voltage or current).
AT&T Corp., originally the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, is the subsidiary of AT&T that provides voice, video, data, and Internet telecommunications and professional services to businesses, consumers, and government agencies.
An audio frequency (abbreviation: AF) or audible frequency is characterized as a periodic vibration whose frequency is audible to the average human.
An avalanche transistor is a bipolar junction transistor designed for operation in the region of its collector-current/collector-to-emitter voltage characteristics beyond the collector-to-emitter breakdown voltage, called avalanche breakdown region.
A ball grid array (BGA) is a type of surface-mount packaging (a chip carrier) used for integrated circuits.
Ballistic transistor may mean.
In solid-state physics, a band gap, also called an energy gap or bandgap, is an energy range in a solid where no electron states can exist.
Bandwidth is the difference between the upper and lower frequencies in a continuous band of frequencies.
Nokia Bell Labs (formerly named AT&T Bell Laboratories, Bell Telephone Laboratories and Bell Labs) is an American research and scientific development company, owned by Finnish company Nokia.
An electronic calculator is typically a portable electronic device used to perform calculations, ranging from basic arithmetic to complex mathematics.
A cam timer or drum sequencer is an electromechanical system for controlling a sequence of events automatically.
A capacitor is a passive two-terminal electrical component that stores potential energy in an electric field.
A carbon nanotube field-effect transistor (CNTFET) refers to a field-effect transistor that utilizes a single carbon nanotube or an array of carbon nanotubes as the channel material instead of bulk silicon in the traditional MOSFET structure.
The cascode is a two-stage amplifier that consists of a common-emitter stage feeding into a common-base stage.
A cathode is the electrode from which a conventional current leaves a polarized electrical device.
The cathode ray tube (CRT) is a vacuum tube that contains one or more electron guns and a phosphorescent screen, and is used to display images.
In physics, a charge carrier is a particle free to move, carrying an electric charge, especially the particles that carry electric charges in electrical conductors.
A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.
The CK722 was the first low-cost junction transistor available to the general public.
Complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor, abbreviated as CMOS, is a technology for constructing integrated circuits.
In electronics, a common-emitter amplifier is one of three basic single-stage bipolar-junction-transistor (BJT) amplifier topologies, typically used as the voltage amplifier.
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
A computer program is a collection of instructions for performing a specific task that is designed to solve a specific class of problems.
The control grid is an electrode used in amplifying thermionic valves (vacuum tubes) such as the triode, tetrode and pentode, used to control the flow of electrons from the cathode to the anode (plate) electrode.
A crystal detector is an obsolete electronic component in some early 20th century radio receivers that used a piece of crystalline mineral as a detector (demodulator) to rectify the alternating current radio signal to extract the audio modulation which produced the sound in the earphones.
In electronics, the Darlington transistor (commonly called a Darlington pair) is a compound structure of a particular design made by two bipolar transistors connected in such a way that the current amplified by the first transistor is amplified further by the second one.
A diffusion transistor is a bipolar junction transistor (BJT) formed by diffusing dopants into a semiconductor substrate.
Digital electronics or digital (electronic) circuits are electronics that operate on digital signals.
A diode is a two-terminal electronic component that conducts current primarily in one direction (asymmetric conductance); it has low (ideally zero) resistance in one direction, and high (ideally infinite) resistance in the other.
A DNA field-effect transistor (DNAFET) is a field-effect transistor which uses the field-effect due to the partial charges of DNA molecules to function as a biosensor.
An electric current is a flow of electric charge.
An electric field is a vector field surrounding an electric charge that exerts force on other charges, attracting or repelling them.
Electric power is the rate, per unit time, at which electrical energy is transferred by an electric circuit.
Electrical polarity is a term used throughout industries and fields that involve electricity.
The electron is a subatomic particle, symbol or, whose electric charge is negative one elementary charge.
In physics, chemistry, and electronic engineering, an electron hole (often simply called a hole) is the lack of an electron at a position where one could exist in an atom or atomic lattice.
In solid-state physics, the electron mobility characterizes how quickly an electron can move through a metal or semiconductor, when pulled by an electric field.
An electronic component is any basic discrete device or physical entity in an electronic system used to affect electrons or their associated fields.
Electronics is the discipline dealing with the development and application of devices and systems involving the flow of electrons in a vacuum, in gaseous media, and in semiconductors.
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is the sudden flow of electricity between two electrically charged objects caused by contact, an electrical short, or dielectric breakdown.
An EOSFET or electrolyte–oxide–semiconductor field-effect transistor is a FET, like a MOSFET, but with the metal replaced by electrolyte solution for the detection of neuronal activity.
Fairchild Semiconductor International, Inc. was an American semiconductor company based in San Jose, California.
The field-effect transistor (FET) is a transistor that uses an electric field to control the electrical behaviour of the device.
A flexible display is an electronic visual display which is flexible in nature; as opposed to the more prevalent traditional flat screen displays used in most electronics devices.
Flexible electronics, also known as flex circuits, is a technology for assembling electronic circuits by mounting electronic devices on flexible plastic substrates, such as polyimide, PEEK or transparent conductive polyester film.
The floating-gate MOSFET (FGMOS) is a field-effect transistor, whose structure is similar to a conventional MOSFET.
A FREDFET (sometimes, FredFET) is a fast-reverse or fast-recovery epitaxial diode field-effect transistor.
In electronics, gain is a measure of the ability of a two-port circuit (often an amplifier) to increase the power or amplitude of a signal from the input to the output port by adding energy converted from some power supply to the signal.
Gallium arsenide (GaAs) is a compound of the elements gallium and arsenic.
Gallium nitride is a binary III/V direct bandgap semiconductor commonly used in light-emitting diodes since the 1990s.
Germanium is a chemical element with symbol Ge and atomic number 32.
Google Books (previously known as Google Book Search and Google Print and by its codename Project Ocean) is a service from Google Inc. that searches the full text of books and magazines that Google has scanned, converted to text using optical character recognition (OCR), and stored in its digital database.
Gordon Kidd Teal (January 10, 1907 – January 7, 2003) was an American engineer.
A heat sink (also commonly spelled heatsink) is a passive heat exchanger that transfers the heat generated by an electronic or a mechanical device to a fluid medium, often air or a liquid coolant, where it is dissipated away from the device, thereby allowing regulation of the device's temperature at optimal levels.
Heinrich Johann Welker (September 9, 1912 in Ingolstadt – December 25, 1981 in Erlangen) was a German theoretical and applied physicist who invented the "transistron", a transistor made at Westinghouse independently of the first successful transistor made at Bell Laboratories.
Herbert Franz Mataré (22 September 1912 – 2 September 2011) was a German physicist.
A heterojunction is the interface that occurs between two layers or regions of dissimilar crystalline semiconductors.
The heterojunction bipolar transistor (HBT) is a type of bipolar junction transistor (BJT) which uses differing semiconductor materials for the emitter and base regions, creating a heterojunction.
The term high voltage usually means electrical energy at voltages high enough to inflict harm on living organisms.
A High-electron-mobility transistor (HEMT), also known as heterostructure FET (HFET) or modulation-doped FET (MODFET), is a field-effect transistor incorporating a junction between two materials with different band gaps (i.e. a heterojunction) as the channel instead of a doped region (as is generally the case for MOSFET).
In vacuum tubes and gas-filled tubes, a hot cathode or thermionic cathode is a cathode electrode which is heated to make it emit electrons due to thermionic emission.
Solid Logic Technology (SLT) was IBM's method for packaging electronic circuitry introduced in 1964 with the IBM System/360 series and related machines.
Indium is a chemical element with symbol In and atomic number 49.
Indium(III) sulfate (In2(SO4)3) is a sulfate salt of the metal indium.
An insulated-gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) is a three-terminal power semiconductor device primarily used as an electronic switch which, as it was developed, came to combine high efficiency and fast switching.
An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.
The IFA or Internationale Funkausstellung Berlin (International radio exhibition Berlin, a.k.a. 'Berlin Radio Show') is one of the oldest industrial exhibitions in Germany.
An ISFET is an ion-sensitive field-effect transistor, that is a field-effect transistor used for measuring ion concentrations in solution; when the ion concentration (such as H+, see pH scale) changes, the current through the transistor will change accordingly.
The inverted-T field-effect transistor (ITFET) is a type of field effect transistor invented by Leo Mathew at Freescale Semiconductor.
The JEDEC Solid State Technology Association is an independent semiconductor engineering trade organization and standardization body.
The junction gate field-effect transistor (JFET or JUGFET) is the simplest type of field-effect transistor.
Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS) has standard JIS-C-7012 for semiconductor part numbers.
John Bardeen (May 23, 1908 – January 30, 1991) was an American physicist and electrical engineer.
John Robinson Pierce (March 27, 1910 – April 2, 2002), was an American engineer and author.
Julius Edgar Lilienfeld (April 18, 1882 – August 28, 1963) was a Jewish Austro-Hungarian-born German-American physicist and electronic engineer, credited with the first patents on the field-effect transistor (FET) (1925) and electrolytic capacitor (1931).
Junctionless nanowire transistor (JNT), developed at Tyndall National Institute in Ireland, is a nanowire-based transistor that has no gate junction.
This list of IEEE Milestones describes the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) milestones, representing key historical achievements in electrical and electronic engineering.
Semiconductor materials are nominally small band gap insulators.
In electronics, a logic gate is an idealized or physical device implementing a Boolean function; that is, it performs a logical operation on one or more binary inputs and produces a single binary output.
Mass production, also known as flow production or continuous production, is the production of large amounts of standardized products, including and especially on assembly lines.
Mechatronics is a multidisciplinary field of science that includes a combination of mechanical engineering, electronics, computer engineering, telecommunications engineering, systems engineering and control engineering.
MESFET stands for metal–semiconductor field-effect transistor.
In solid-state physics, a metal–semiconductor (M–S) junction is a type of junction in which a metal comes in close contact with a semiconductor material.
A metalloid is any chemical element which has properties in between those of metals and nonmetals, or that has a mixture of them.
A microcontroller (MCU for microcontroller unit, or UC for μ-controller) is a small computer on a single integrated circuit.
Microphonics or microphony describes the phenomenon wherein certain components in electronic devices transform mechanical vibrations into an undesired electrical signal (noise).
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
Microwaves are a form of electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths ranging from one meter to one millimeter; with frequencies between and.
A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.
Monocrystalline silicon (also called "single-crystal silicon", "single-crystal Si", "mono c-Si", or mono-Si) is the base material for silicon chips used in virtually all electronic equipment today.
Moore's law is the observation that the number of transistors in a dense integrated circuit doubles about every two years.
Morgan Sparks (July 6, 1916 – May 3, 2008) was an American scientist and engineer who helped develop the microwatt bipolar junction transistor in 1951, which was a critical step in making transistors usable for every-day electronics.
MOSFET showing gate (G), body (B), source (S) and drain (D) terminals. The gate is separated from the body by an insulating layer (white). surface-mount packages. Operating as switches, each of these components can sustain a blocking voltage of 120nbspvolts in the ''off'' state, and can conduct a continuous current of 30 amperes in the ''on'' state, dissipating up to about 100 watts and controlling a load of over 2000 watts. A matchstick is pictured for scale. A cross-section through an nMOSFET when the gate voltage ''V''GS is below the threshold for making a conductive channel; there is little or no conduction between the terminals drain and source; the switch is off. When the gate is more positive, it attracts electrons, inducing an ''n''-type conductive channel in the substrate below the oxide, which allows electrons to flow between the ''n''-doped terminals; the switch is on. Simulation result for formation of inversion channel (electron density) and attainment of threshold voltage (IV) in a nanowire MOSFET. Note that the threshold voltage for this device lies around 0.45 V The metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET, MOS-FET, or MOS FET) is a type of field-effect transistor (FET), most commonly fabricated by the controlled oxidation of silicon.
Motorola, Inc. was an American multinational telecommunications company founded on September 25, 1928, based in Schaumburg, Illinois.
A multigate device or multiple-gate field-effect transistor (MuGFET) refers to a MOSFET (metal–oxide–semiconductor field-effect transistor) that incorporates more than one gate into a single device.
A multiple-emitter transistor is a specialized bipolar transistor mostly used at the inputs of integrated circuit TTL NAND logic gates.
Murray Hill is an unincorporated community located within portions of both Berkeley Heights and New Providence, located in Union County in northern New Jersey, United States.
Nanofluidic circuitry is a nanotechnology aiming for control of fluids in nanometer scale.
A neurochip is a chip (integrated circuit/microprocessor) that is designed for the interaction with neuronal cells.
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
The organic electrochemical transistor (OECT) is a transistor in which the drain current is controlled by the injection of ions from an electrolyte into a semiconductor channel.
An organic field-effect transistor (OFET) is a field-effect transistor using an organic semiconductor in its channel.
Oscillation is the repetitive variation, typically in time, of some measure about a central value (often a point of equilibrium) or between two or more different states.
Oskar Heil (20 March 1908, in Langwieden – 15 May 1994, San Mateo, California) was a German electrical engineer and inventor.
In a semiconductor device, a parasitic structure is a portion of the device that resembles in structure some other, simpler semiconductor device, and causes the device to enter an unintended mode of operation when subjected to conditions outside of its normal range.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Paul Horowitz (born 1942) is an American physicist and electrical engineer, known primarily for his work in electronics design, as well as for his role in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (see SETI).
This article provides a more detailed explanation of p–n diode behavior than that found in the articles p–n junction or diode.
A p–n junction is a boundary or interface between two types of semiconductor materials, p-type and n-type, inside a single crystal of semiconductor.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
A pentode transistor is any transistor having five active terminals.
Philco (founded as Helios Electric Company, renamed Philadelphia Storage Battery Company) was a pioneer in battery, radio, and television production.
The phonograph is a device for the mechanical recording and reproduction of sound.
A photodiode is a semiconductor device that converts light into an electrical current.
A physicist is a scientist who has specialized knowledge in the field of physics, which encompasses the interactions of matter and energy at all length and time scales in the physical universe.
In electronics, a pinout (sometimes written "pin-out") is a cross-reference between the contacts, or pins, of an electrical connector or electronic component, and their functions.
A point-contact transistor was the first type of solid-state electronic transistor ever constructed.
Polycrystalline silicon, also called polysilicon or poly-Si, is a high purity, polycrystalline form of silicon, used as a raw material by the solar photovoltaic and electronics industry.
In electrical engineering and mechanical engineering, the power rating of equipment is the highest power input allowed to flow through particular equipment.
Pro Electron or EECA is the European type designation and registration system for active components (such as semiconductors, liquid crystal displays, sensor devices, electronic tubes and cathode ray tubes).
Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.
Radio is the technology of using radio waves to carry information, such as sound, by systematically modulating properties of electromagnetic energy waves transmitted through space, such as their amplitude, frequency, phase, or pulse width.
Radio frequency (RF) refers to oscillatory change in voltage or current in a circuit, waveguide or transmission line in the range extending from around twenty thousand times per second to around three hundred billion times per second, roughly between the upper limit of audio and the lower limit of infrared.
The Regency TR-1 was the first commercially manufactured transistor radio.
A resistor is a passive two-terminal electrical component that implements electrical resistance as a circuit element.
Reverse leakage current in a semiconductor device is the current from that semiconductor device when the device is reverse biased.
In a radio receiver circuit, the RF front end is a generic term for all the circuitry between the antenna up to and including the mixer stage.
In electronics, when describing a voltage or current step function, rise time is the time taken by a signal to change from a specified low value to a specified high value.
The Schottky diode (named after the German physicist Walter H. Schottky), also known as Schottky barrier diode or hot-carrier diode, is a semiconductor diode formed by the junction of a semiconductor with a metal.
A Schottky transistor is a combination of a transistor and a Schottky diode that prevents the transistor from saturating by diverting the excessive input current.
Science Friday (known as SciFri for short) is a weekly call-in talk show that broadcasts each Friday on public radio stations, distributed by WNYC Studios.
In the electronics industry, a second source is a company that is licensed to manufacture and sell components originally designed by another company (the first source).
A semiconductor material has an electrical conductivity value falling between that of a conductor – such as copper, gold etc.
Semiconductor devices are electronic components that exploit the electronic properties of semiconductor materials, principally silicon, germanium, and gallium arsenide, as well as organic semiconductors.
Semiconductor device fabrication is the process used to create the integrated circuits that are present in everyday electrical and electronic devices.
Semiconductor device modeling creates models for the behavior of the electrical devices based on fundamental physics, such as the doping profiles of the devices.
A semiconductor package is a metal, plastic, glass or ceramic casing containing one or more semiconductor electronic components.
Sensistor is a resistor whose resistance changes with temperature.
Signal processing concerns the analysis, synthesis, and modification of signals, which are broadly defined as functions conveying "information about the behavior or attributes of some phenomenon", such as sound, images, and biological measurements.
Silicon is a chemical element with symbol Si and atomic number 14.
Silicon carbide (SiC), also known as carborundum, is a semiconductor containing silicon and carbon.
SiGe, or silicon-germanium, is an alloy with any molar ratio of silicon and germanium, i.e. with a molecular formula of the form Si1−xGex.
A single-electron transistor (SET) is an electronic device based on the Coulomb blockade effect.
A society is a group of individuals involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same geographical or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations.
A solaristor (from SOLAR cell transISTOR) is a compact two terminal self-powered phototransistor.
Solid-state electronics means semiconductor electronics; electronic equipment using semiconductor devices such as semiconductor diodes, transistors, and integrated circuits (ICs).
Sound recording and reproduction is an electrical, mechanical, electronic, or digital inscription and re-creation of sound waves, such as spoken voice, singing, instrumental music, or sound effects.
Space charge is a concept in which excess electric charge is treated as a continuum of charge distributed over a region of space (either a volume or an area) rather than distinct point-like charges.
The word stochastic is an adjective in English that describes something that was randomly determined.
The surface-barrier transistor is a type of transistor developed by Philco in 1953 as an improvement to the alloy-junction transistor and the earlier point-contact transistor.
Surface-mount technology (SMT) is a method for producing electronic circuits in which the components are mounted or placed directly onto the surface of printed circuit boards (PCBs).
In electrical engineering, a switch is an electrical component that can "make" or "break" an electrical circuit, interrupting the current or diverting it from one conductor to another.
A switched-mode power supply (switching-mode power supply, switch-mode power supply, switched power supply, SMPS, or switcher) is an electronic power supply that incorporates a switching regulator to convert electrical power efficiently.
Telephony is the field of technology involving the development, application, and deployment of telecommunication services for the purpose of electronic transmission of voice, fax, or data, between distant parties.
Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
A terminal is the point at which a conductor from an electrical component, device or network comes to an end and provides a point of connection to external circuits.
A tetrode transistor is any transistor having four active terminals.
Texas Instruments Inc. (TI) is an American technology company that designs and manufactures semiconductors and various integrated circuits, which it sells to electronics designers and manufacturers globally.
The Art of Electronics, by Paul Horowitz and Winfield Hill, is a popular textbook dealing with analog and digital electronics.
Thermionic emission is the thermally induced flow of charge carriers from a surface or over a potential-energy barrier.
A thin-film transistor (TFT) is a special kind of field-effect transistor made by depositing thin films of an active semiconductor layer as well as the dielectric layer and metallic contacts over a supporting (but non-conducting) substrate.
Through-hole technology (tht), also spelled "thru-hole", refers to the mounting scheme used for electronic components that involves the use of leads on the components that are inserted into holes drilled in printed circuit boards (PCB) and soldered to pads on the opposite side either by manual assembly (hand placement) or by the use of automated insertion mount machines.
, commonly known as Toshiba, is a Japanese multinational conglomerate headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.
Transconductance (for transfer conductance), also infrequently called mutual conductance, is the electrical characteristic relating the current through the output of a device to the voltage across the input of a device.
A transistor is a semiconductor device used to amplify or switch electronic signals and electrical power.
The transistor count is the number of transistors on an integrated circuit (IC).
Transistors are simple devices with complicated behavior.
A transistor radio is a small portable radio receiver that uses transistor-based circuitry.
Transistor–transistor logic (TTL) is a logic family built from bipolar junction transistors.
In electronics and telecommunications, a transmitter or radio transmitter is an electronic device which produces radio waves with an antenna.
A triode is an electronic amplifying vacuum tube (or valve in British English) consisting of three electrodes inside an evacuated glass envelope: a heated filament or cathode, a grid, and a plate (anode).
Tube sound (or valve sound) is the characteristic sound associated with a vacuum tube amplifier (valve amplifier in British English), a vacuum tube-based audio amplifier.
The tunnel field-effect transistor (TFET) is an experimental type of transistor.
A unijunction transistor (UJT) is a three-lead electronic semiconductor device with only one junction that acts exclusively as an electrically controlled switch.
In electronics, a vacuum tube, an electron tube, or just a tube (North America), or valve (Britain and some other regions) is a device that controls electric current between electrodes in an evacuated container.
Very-large-scale integration (VLSI) is the process of creating an integrated circuit (IC) by combining hundreds of thousands of transistors or devices into a single chip.
Voltage, electric potential difference, electric pressure or electric tension (formally denoted or, but more often simply as V or U, for instance in the context of Ohm's or Kirchhoff's circuit laws) is the difference in electric potential between two points.
Walter Houser Brattain (February 10, 1902 – October 13, 1987) was an American physicist at Bell Labs who, along with fellow scientists John Bardeen and William Shockley, invented the point-contact transistor in December 1947.
The watt (symbol: W) is a unit of power.
The Westinghouse Electric Corporation was an American manufacturing company.
William Henry Eccles FRS (23 August 1875 – 29 April 1966) was a British physicist and a pioneer in the development of radio communication.
William Bradford Shockley Jr. (February 13, 1910 – August 12, 1989) was an American physicist and inventor.
Winfield Hill is the Director of the Electronics Engineering Laboratory at the Rowland Institute at Harvard University.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The 2N3055 is a silicon NPN power transistor intended for general purpose applications.
The 2N3904 is a common NPN bipolar junction transistor used for general-purpose low-power amplifying or switching applications.
The 2N7000 and BS170 are two different N-channel, enhancement-mode MOSFETs used for low-power switching applications, with different lead arrangements and current ratings.
The 65-nanometer (65 nm) process is advanced lithographic node used in volume CMOS semiconductor fabrication.