40 relations: Adenoviridae, Amorphous ice, Ångström, CMOS, Covalent bond, Cryofixation, Cryogenic electron microscopy, Cryogenics, Crystal, Dehydration, Electron cryotomography, Electron crystallography, Electron microscope, EM Data Bank, Ethane, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Helix, Ion channel, Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank, Liquid nitrogen, Mitochondrion, Negative stain, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Noise (electronics), Oxford University Press, Radiation damage, Radiosensitivity, Resolution (electron density), Ribosome, Richard Henderson (biologist), Scanning electron cryomicroscopy, Single particle analysis, Structural biology, Transmembrane protein, Transmission electron microscopy, Unified atomic mass unit, Vacuum, Virus, X-ray crystallography.
Adenoviruses (members of the family Adenoviridae) are medium-sized (90–100 nm), nonenveloped (without an outer lipid bilayer) viruses with an icosahedral nucleocapsid containing a double stranded DNA genome.
Amorphous ice (non-crystalline ("vitreous") ice) is an amorphous solid form of water.
The ångström or angstrom is a unit of length equal to (one ten-billionth of a metre) or 0.1 nanometre.
Complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor, abbreviated as CMOS, is a technology for constructing integrated circuits.
A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms.
Cryofixation is a technique for fixation or stabilisation of biological materials as the first step in specimen preparation for electron microscopy and cryo-electron microscopy.
Electron cryomicroscopy (CryoEM) is an electron microscopy (EM) technique where the sample is cooled to cryogenic temperatures.
In physics, cryogenics is the production and behaviour of materials at very low temperatures.
A crystal or crystalline solid is a solid material whose constituents (such as atoms, molecules, or ions) are arranged in a highly ordered microscopic structure, forming a crystal lattice that extends in all directions.
In physiology, dehydration is a deficit of total body water, with an accompanying disruption of metabolic processes.
Electron cryotomography (CryoET) is an imaging technique used to produce high-resolution (~4 nm) three-dimensional views of samples, typically biological macromolecules and cells.
Electron crystallography is a method to determine the arrangement of atoms in solids using a transmission electron microscope (TEM).
An electron microscope is a microscope that uses a beam of accelerated electrons as a source of illumination.
The EM Data Bank or Electron Microscopy Data Bank (EMDB) collects 3D EM maps and associated experimental data determined using electron microscopy of biological specimens.
Ethane is an organic chemical compound with chemical formula.
The European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) is a molecular biology research institution supported by 25 member states, four prospect and two associate member states.
A helix, plural helixes or helices, is a type of smooth space curve, i.e. a curve in three-dimensional space.
Ion channels are pore-forming membrane proteins that allow ions to pass through the channel pore.
Jacques Dubochet (born 8 June 1942) is a retired Swiss biophysicist.
Joachim Frank (born 12 September 1940) is a German-born American biophysicist at Columbia University and a Nobel laureate.
Liquid nitrogen is nitrogen in a liquid state at an extremely low temperature.
The mitochondrion (plural mitochondria) is a double-membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic organisms.
Negative staining is an established method, often used in diagnostic microscopy, for contrasting a thin specimen with an optically opaque fluid.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.
In electronics, noise is an unwanted disturbance in an electrical signal.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
This article deals with Radiation damage due to the effects of ionizing radiation on physical objects.
Radiosensitivity is the relative susceptibility of cells, tissues, organs or organisms to the harmful effect of ionizing radiation.
Resolution in terms of electron density is a measure of the resolvability in the electron density map of a molecule.
The ribosome is a complex molecular machine, found within all living cells, that serves as the site of biological protein synthesis (translation).
Richard Henderson, CH, FRS, FMedSci, HonFRSC (born 19 July 1945) is a Scottish molecular biologist and biophysicist and pioneer in the field of electron microscopy of biological molecules.
Scanning electron cryomicroscopy (CryoSEM) is a form of electron microscopy where a hydrated but cryogenically fixed sample is imaged on a scanning electron microscope's cold stage in a cryogenic chamber.
Single particle analysis is a group of related computerized image processing techniques used to analyze images from transmission electron microscopy (TEM).
Structural biology is a branch of molecular biology, biochemistry, and biophysics concerned with the molecular structure of biological macromolecules (especially proteins, made up of amino acids, and RNA or DNA, made up of nucleic acids), how they acquire the structures they have, and how alterations in their structures affect their function.
A transmembrane protein (TP) is a type of integral membrane protein that spans the entirety of the biological membrane to which it is permanently attached.
Transmission electron microscopy (TEM, also sometimes conventional transmission electron microscopy or CTEM) is a microscopy technique in which a beam of electrons is transmitted through a specimen to form an image.
The unified atomic mass unit or dalton (symbol: u, or Da) is a standard unit of mass that quantifies mass on an atomic or molecular scale (atomic mass).
Vacuum is space devoid of matter.
A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.
X-ray crystallography is a technique used for determining the atomic and molecular structure of a crystal, in which the crystalline atoms cause a beam of incident X-rays to diffract into many specific directions.
3DEM, 3dem, CEMOVIS, Cryo em, Cryo-EM study, Cryo-TEM, Cryo-transmission electron microscopy, CryoTEM, Cryoelectron Microscopy, Cryoelectron microscopy, Cryogenic transmission electron microscopy, Cyrogenic-Electron Microscopy (Cryo-EM), Electron Cryomicroscopy, Electron Cyromicroscopy, Electron cryo-microscopy, Molecular microscopy, Software tools for molecular microscopy.