278 relations: Acid rain, Aerial tramway, Air pollution, Airliner, Airplane, Airport, Airport rail link, Airway (aviation), Amtrak, Autogyro, Automation, Aviation, Barge, Beer, Bicycle, Boat, Boiler, Boxcar, Bridge, Bulk material handling, Bus, Bus station, Business operations, Business travel, Cable transport, Caliphate, Canal, Canoe, Car, Carbon dioxide, Cargo, Cargo airline, Centre for International Climate and Environmental Research, Cereal, City, Civil engineering, Civilization, Classical antiquity, Coach (bus), Coal, Commuter rail, Commuting, Concrete, Construction, Containerization, Conveyor belt, Corporation, Debt, Demand responsive transport, Departmentalization, ..., Diesel locomotive, Dirt, Domestic trade, Domestication, Domestication of the horse, Driving, Easement, Economic growth, Economies of agglomeration, Economies of scale, Education, Efficient energy use, Electric locomotive, Electric motor, Electric vehicle, Electronics, Elevator, Emergency medical services, Emergency medicine, Energy conversion efficiency, Energy efficiency in transport, Energy industry, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Environmental impact of aviation, Environmental law, Environmentalism, Escalator, Exercise, External combustion engine, Fashion, Ferry, Filling station, Fixed-wing aircraft, Flag carrier, Freight transport, Fuel oil, Funicular, Game (hunting), Gas turbine, Global warming, Globalization, Government, Gradient, Gravel, Gravity, Helicopter, Henry Alan Skinner, High-speed rail, History of human-powered aircraft, History of the United States, Horse, Horsecar, Hovercraft, Hull (watercraft), Human, Human migration, IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Society, Incoterms, Indus Valley Civilisation, Industrial Revolution, Infrastructure, Inline skates, Inter-city rail, Intermodal container, Intermodal passenger transport, Internal combustion engine, International trade, Jet engine, Joint-stock company, Journal of Transport and Land Use, Just-in-time manufacturing, Lake, Land transport, Land use, Landing, Landing fee, Leisure, Lift (soaring), Location, Locomotive, Logistics, Low Earth orbit, Macadam, Machine, Maglev, Maintenance (technical), Marine propulsion, Maritime transport, Merchant vessel, Mesopotamia, Military, Military logistics, Mode choice, Mode of transport, Monorail, Motorcycle, Multiple unit, Nationalization, Natural gas, Natural monopoly, Navigable aqueduct, Nitrous oxide, Noise pollution, Nuclear power, Ocean, Ore, Outer space, Outline of transport, Ox, Pack animal, Paddle wheel, Parking lot, Particulates, Passenger, Pedestrian, People mover, Perpendicular, Persian Empire, Petroleum, Pipe (fluid conveyance), Pipeline transport, Pneumatic tube, Pneumatics, Port, Postponement, Pressure, Private transport, Privately held company, Privatization, Propeller, Public transport, Rail freight transport, Rail transport, Rail transport by country, Railroad tie, Railway company, Railway electrification system, Rapid transit, Recreation, Regional rail, Risk, River, Road, Road surface, Road transport, Rocket, Roman Empire, Rotorcraft, Route assignment, Route number, Rowing, Running, Sailboat, Sea, Sea lane, Sewage, Shinkansen, Ship, Short sea shipping, Ski lift, Skiing, Sled, Slurry, Smog, Soil, Spacecraft, Spaceflight, Speed record, Steam, Steam engine, Steam locomotive, Steamship, Steel, Street, Sub-orbital spaceflight, Submarine, Supply chain, Sustainable transport, Swimming, Tarmacadam, Tax, Taxicabs by country, Team, Technology, Telegraphy, Time immemorial, Toll road, Tourism, Track gauge, Trade, Traffic congestion, Traffic engineering (transportation), Tragedy of the commons, Trail, Train, Train station, Tram, Transport economics, Transport finance, Transport hub, Transportation engineering, Transportation forecasting, Transshipment, Travel visa, Trip distribution, Trip generation, Truck, Trunk (botany), Tunnel, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Urban area, Urban planning, Urban sprawl, Value chain, Vehicle, Village, Walking, War, Warehouse, Water, Watercraft, Waterway, Wheel, Wind, Wire rope, Working animal, Worldwatch Institute, Wright brothers. Expand index (228 more) » « Shrink index
Acid rain is a rain or any other form of precipitation that is unusually acidic, meaning that it has elevated levels of hydrogen ions (low pH).
An aerial tramway, sky tram, cable car, ropeway or aerial tram is a type of aerial lift which uses one or two stationary ropes for support while a third moving rope provides propulsion.
Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances including gases, particulates, and biological molecules are introduced into Earth's atmosphere.
An airliner is a type of aircraft for transporting passengers and air cargo.
An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine, propeller or rocket engine.
An airport is an aerodrome with extended facilities, mostly for commercial air transport.
An airport rail link is a service providing passenger rail transport from an airport to a nearby city by mainline or commuter trains, rapid transit, people mover, or light rail.
An airway or air route is a defined corridor that connects one specified location to another at a specified altitude, along which an aircraft that meets the requirements of the airway may be flown.
The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, doing business as Amtrak, is a passenger railroad service that provides medium- and long-distance intercity service in the contiguous United States and to three Canadian cities.
An autogyro (from Greek αὐτός and γύρος, "self-turning"), also known as a gyroplane or gyrocopter, is a type of rotorcraft that uses an unpowered rotor in free autorotation to develop lift.
Automation is the technology by which a process or procedure is performed without human assistance.
Aviation, or air transport, refers to the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry.
A barge is a flat-bottomed ship, built mainly for river and canal transport of heavy goods.
Beer is one of the oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic drinks in the world, and the third most popular drink overall after water and tea.
A bicycle, also called a cycle or bike, is a human-powered, pedal-driven, single-track vehicle, having two wheels attached to a frame, one behind the other.
A boat is a watercraft of a large range of type and size.
A boiler is a closed vessel in which fluid (generally water) is heated.
A boxcar is a North American railroad car that is enclosed and generally used to carry freight.
A bridge is a structure built to span physical obstacles without closing the way underneath such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing passage over the obstacle.
Bulk material handling is an engineering field that is centered on the design of equipment used for the handling of dry materials such as ores, coal, cereals, wood chips, sand, gravel and stone in loose bulk form.
A bus (archaically also omnibus, multibus, motorbus, autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers.
A bus station is a structure where city or intercity buses stop to pick up and drop off passengers.
The outcome of business operations is the harvesting of value from assets owned by a business.
Business travel is travel undertaken for work or business purposes, as opposed to other types of travel, such as for leisure purposes or regularly commuting between one's home and workplace.
Cable transport is a broad class of transport modes that have cables as the foundation for transporting things or people, often in vehicles called cable cars.
A caliphate (خِلافة) is a state under the leadership of an Islamic steward with the title of caliph (خَليفة), a person considered a religious successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad and a leader of the entire ummah (community).
Canals, or navigations, are human-made channels, or artificial waterways, for water conveyance, or to service water transport vehicles.
A canoe is a lightweight narrow vessel, typically pointed at both ends and open on top, propelled by one or more seated or kneeling paddlers facing the direction of travel using a single-bladed paddle.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
In economics, cargo or freight are goods or produce being conveyed – generally for commercial gain – by water, air or land.
Cargo airlines (or airfreight carriers, and derivatives of these names) are airlines mainly dedicated to the transport of cargo by air.
The Centre for International Climate and Environmental Research (abbreviated CICERO; Senter for klimaforskning) is an interdisciplinary research centre for climate research and environmental science/environmental studies in Oslo.
A cereal is any edible components of the grain (botanically, a type of fruit called a caryopsis) of cultivated grass, composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran.
A city is a large human settlement.
Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, and railways.
A civilization or civilisation (see English spelling differences) is any complex society characterized by urban development, social stratification imposed by a cultural elite, symbolic systems of communication (for example, writing systems), and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment.
Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the period of cultural history between the 8th century BC and the 5th or 6th century AD centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world.
A coach (also motor coach) is a type of bus used for conveying passengers.
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.
Commuter rail, also called suburban rail, is a passenger rail transport service that primarily operates between a city centre and middle to outer suburbs beyond 15 km (10 miles) and commuter towns or other locations that draw large numbers of commuters—people who travel on a daily basis.
Commuting is periodically recurring travel between one's place of residence and place of work, or study, and in doing so exceed the boundary of their residential community.
Concrete, usually Portland cement concrete, is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement (cement paste) that hardens over time—most frequently a lime-based cement binder, such as Portland cement, but sometimes with other hydraulic cements, such as a calcium aluminate cement.
Construction is the process of constructing a building or infrastructure.
Containerization is a system of intermodal freight transport using intermodal containers (also called shipping containers and ISO containers).
A conveyor belt is the carrying medium of a belt conveyor system (often shortened to belt conveyor).
A corporation is a company or group of people or an organisation authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) and recognized as such in law.
Debt is when something, usually money, is owed by one party, the borrower or debtor, to a second party, the lender or creditor.
Demand-responsive transport, also known as demand-responsive transit (DRT), demand-responsive service US National Transit Database, Dial-a-Ride transit (DART) or flexible transport services.
Departmentalization (or departmentalisation) refers to the process of grouping activities into departments.
A diesel locomotive is a type of railway locomotive in which the prime mover is a diesel engine.
Dirt is unclean matter, especially when in contact with a person's clothes, skin or possessions when they are said to become dirty.
Domestic trade, also known as internal trade or home trade, is the exchange of domestic goods within the boundaries of a country.
Domestication is a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a significant degree of influence over the reproduction and care of another group to secure a more predictable supply of resources from that second group.
A number of hypotheses exist on many of the key issues regarding the domestication of the horse.
Driving is the controlled operation and movement of a motor vehicle, including cars, motorcycles, trucks, and buses.
An easement is a nonpossessory right to use and/or enter onto the real property of another without possessing it.
Economic growth is the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time.
Economies of agglomeration considers the effects of urban agglomeration, it is a topic of urban economics.
In microeconomics, economies of scale are the cost advantages that enterprises obtain due to their scale of operation (typically measured by amount of output produced), with cost per unit of output decreasing with increasing scale.
Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.
Efficient energy use, sometimes simply called energy efficiency, is the goal to reduce the amount of energy required to provide products and services.
An electric locomotive is a locomotive powered by electricity from overhead lines, a third rail or on-board energy storage such as a battery or a supercapacitor.
An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy.
An electric vehicle, also called an EV, uses one or more electric motors or traction motors for propulsion.
Electronics is the discipline dealing with the development and application of devices and systems involving the flow of electrons in a vacuum, in gaseous media, and in semiconductors.
An elevator (US and Canada) or lift (UK, Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, and South Africa, Nigeria) is a type of vertical transportation that moves people or goods between floors (levels, decks) of a building, vessel, or other structure.
Emergency medical services, also known as ambulance services or paramedic services (abbreviated to the initialism EMS, EMAS, EMARS or SAMU in some countries), are a type of emergency service dedicated to providing out-of-hospital acute medical care, transport to definitive care, and other medical transport to patients with illnesses and injuries which prevent the patient from transporting themselves.
Emergency medicine, also known as accident and emergency medicine, is the medical specialty concerned with caring for undifferentiated, unscheduled patients with illnesses or injuries requiring immediate medical attention.
Energy conversion efficiency (η) is the ratio between the useful output of an energy conversion machine and the input, in energy terms.
The energy efficiency in transport is the useful travelled distance, of passengers, goods or any type of load; divided by the total energy put into the transport propulsion means.
The energy industry is the totality of all of the industries involved in the production and sale of energy, including fuel extraction, manufacturing, refining and distribution.
Environment and Climate Change Canada (or simply its former name, Environment Canada, or EC) (Environnement et Changement climatique Canada), legally incorporated as the Department of the Environment under the Department of the Environment Act (R.S., 1985, c. E-10), is the department of the Government of Canada with responsibility for coordinating environmental policies and programs as well as preserving and enhancing the natural environment and renewable resources.
The environmental impact of aviation occurs because aircraft engines emit heat, noise, particulates, and gases which contribute to climate change and global dimming.
Environmental law, also known as environmental and natural resources law, is a collective term describing the network of treaties, statutes, regulations, common and customary laws addressing the effects of human activity on the natural environment.
Environmentalism or environmental rights is a broad philosophy, ideology, and social movement regarding concerns for environmental protection and improvement of the health of the environment, particularly as the measure for this health seeks to incorporate the impact of changes to the environment on humans, animals, plants and non-living matter.
An escalator is a type of vertical transportation in the form of a moving staircase which carries people between floors of a building.
Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
An external combustion engine (EC engine) is a heat engine where a working fluid, contained internally, is heated by combustion in an external source, through the engine wall or a heat exchanger.
Fashion is a popular style, especially in clothing, footwear, lifestyle products, accessories, makeup, hairstyle and body.
A ferry is a merchant vessel used to carry passengers, and sometimes vehicles and cargo as well, across a body of water.
A filling station is a facility that sells fuel and engine lubricants for motor vehicles.
A fixed-wing aircraft is an aircraft, such as an airplane or aeroplane (note the two different spellings), which is capable of flight using wings that generate lift caused by the vehicle's forward airspeed and the shape of the wings.
A flag carrier is a transportation company, such as an airline or shipping company, that, being locally registered in a given sovereign state, enjoys preferential rights or privileges accorded by the government for international operations.
Freight transport is the physical process of transporting commodities and merchandise goods and cargo.
Fuel oil (also known as heavy oil, marine fuel or furnace oil) is a fraction obtained from petroleum distillation, either as a distillate or a residue.
A funicular is one of the modes of transport, along with a cable railway and an inclined elevator, which uses a cable traction for movement on a steep slope.
Game or quarry is any animal hunted for sport or for food.
A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous combustion, internal combustion engine.
Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.
Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
In mathematics, the gradient is a multi-variable generalization of the derivative.
Gravel is a loose aggregation of rock fragments.
Gravity, or gravitation, is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass or energy—including planets, stars, galaxies, and even light—are brought toward (or gravitate toward) one another.
A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.
Henry Alan Lawson Skinner born Erin, Ontario on September 26, 1899 was a Canadian anatomist and classical scholar who wrote The Origin of Medical Terms, published by The Williams & Wilkins Company, Baltimore in 1949.
High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly faster than traditional rail traffic, using an integrated system of specialized rolling stock and dedicated tracks.
The history of human-powered aircraft (HPA) started in the early twentieth century.
The history of the United States began with the settlement of Indigenous people before 15,000 BC.
The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is one of two extant subspecies of ''Equus ferus''.
A horsecar, or horse-drawn tram, is an animal-powered (usually horse) tram or streetcar.
A hovercraft, also known as an air-cushion vehicle or ACV, is a craft capable of travelling over land, water, mud, ice, and other surfaces.
The hull is the watertight body of a ship or boat.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
Human migration is the movement by people from one place to another with the intentions of settling, permanently or temporarily in a new location.
The IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Society (ITSS) is a professional society of the IEEE.
The Incoterms or International Commercial Terms are a series of pre-defined commercial terms published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) relating to international commercial law.
The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC), or Harappan Civilisation, was a Bronze Age civilisation (5500–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1900 BCE) mainly in the northwestern regions of South Asia, extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
Infrastructure is the fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city, or other area, including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function.
Inline skates are a type of roller skate used for inline skating.
Inter-city rail services are express passenger train services that cover longer distances than commuter or regional trains.
An intermodal container is a large standardized shipping container, designed and built for intermodal freight transport, meaning these containers can be used across different modes of transport – from ship to rail to truck – without unloading and reloading their cargo.
Intermodal passenger transport, also called mixed-mode commuting, involves using two or more modes of transportation in a journey.
An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.
International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories.
A jet engine is a type of reaction engine discharging a fast-moving jet that generates thrust by jet propulsion.
A joint-stock company is a business entity in which shares of the company's stock can be bought and sold by shareholders.
The Journal of Transport and Land Use is an open access peer-reviewed academic journal covering the interaction of transport and land use that was established in 2008.
Just-in-time (JIT) manufacturing, also known as just-in-time production or the Toyota Production System (TPS), is a methodology aimed primarily at reducing flow times within production system as well as response times from suppliers and to customers.
A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, that is surrounded by land, apart from any river or other outlet that serves to feed or drain the lake.
Land transport is the transport or movement of people, animals, and goods from one location to another on land.
Land use involves the management and modification of natural environment or wilderness into built environment such as settlements and semi-natural habitats such as arable fields, pastures, and managed woods.
Landing is the last part of a flight, where a flying animal, aircraft, or spacecraft returns to the ground.
A landing fee is a charge paid by an aircraft to an airport company for landing at a particular airport.
Leisure has often been defined as a quality of experience or as free time. Free time is time spent away from business, work, job hunting, domestic chores, and education, as well as necessary activities such as eating and sleeping.
Lift is a meteorological phenomenon used as an energy source by soaring aircraft and soaring birds.
The terms location and place in geography are used to identify a point or an area on the Earth's surface or elsewhere.
A locomotive or engine is a rail transport vehicle that provides the motive power for a train.
Logistics is generally the detailed organization and implementation of a complex operation.
A low Earth orbit (LEO) is an orbit around Earth with an altitude of or less, and with an orbital period of between about 84 and 127 minutes.
Macadam is a type of road construction, pioneered by Scottish engineer John Loudon McAdam around 1820, in which single-sized crushed stone layers of small angular stones are placed in shallow lifts and compacted thoroughly.
A machine uses power to apply forces and control movement to perform an intended action.
Maglev (derived from magnetic levitation) is a system of train transportation that uses two sets of magnets, one set to repel and push the train up off the track as in levitation (hence Maglev, Magnetic-levitation), then another set to move the 'floating train' ahead at great speed taking advantage of the lack of friction.
The technical meaning of maintenance involves operational and functional checks, servicing, repairing or replacing of necessary devices, equipment, machinery, building infrastructure, and supporting utilities in industrial, business, governmental, and residential installations.
Marine propulsion is the mechanism or system used to generate thrust to move a ship or boat across water.
Maritime transport is the transport of people (passengers) or goods (cargo) by water.
A merchant vessel, trading vessel or merchantman is a boat or ship that transports cargo or carries passengers for hire.
Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
Military logistics is the discipline of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of military forces.
Mode choice analysis is the third step in the conventional four-step transportation forecasting model.
Mode of transport is a term used to distinguish substantially different ways to perform.
A monorail is a railway in which the track consists of a single rail.
A motorcycle, often called a bike, motorbike, or cycle, is a two-> or three-wheeled motor vehicle.
A multiple-unit train or simply multiple unit (MU) is a self-propelled train composed of one or more carriages joined together, which when coupled to another multiple unit can be controlled by a single driver.
Nationalization (or nationalisation) is the process of transforming private assets into public assets by bringing them under the public ownership of a national government or state.
Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
A natural monopoly is a monopoly in an industry in which high infrastructural costs and other barriers to entry relative to the size of the market give the largest supplier in an industry, often the first supplier in a market, an overwhelming advantage over potential competitors.
Navigable aqueducts (sometimes called water bridges) are bridge structures that carry navigable waterway canals over other rivers, valleys, railways or roads.
Nitrous oxide, commonly known as laughing gas or nitrous, is a chemical compound, an oxide of nitrogen with the formula.
Sound pollution, also known as environmental noise or noise pollution, is the propagation of noise with harmful impact on the activity of human or animal life.
Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant.
An ocean (the sea of classical antiquity) is a body of saline water that composes much of a planet's hydrosphere.
An ore is an occurrence of rock or sediment that contains sufficient minerals with economically important elements, typically metals, that can be economically extracted from the deposit.
Outer space, or just space, is the expanse that exists beyond the Earth and between celestial bodies.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to transport: Transport or transportation – movement of people and goods from one place to another.
An ox (plural oxen), also known as a bullock in Australia and India, is a bovine trained as a draft animal or riding animal.
A pack animal or beast of burden is an individual or type of working animal used by humans as means of transporting materials by attaching them so their weight bears on the animal's back, in contrast to draft animals which pull loads but do not carry them.
A paddle wheel is a form of waterwheel or impeller in which a number of paddles are set around the periphery of the wheel.
A parking lot (American English) or car park (British English), also known as a car lot, is a cleared area that is intended for parking vehicles.
Atmospheric aerosol particles, also known as atmospheric particulate matter, particulate matter (PM), particulates, or suspended particulate matter (SPM) are microscopic solid or liquid matter suspended in Earth's atmosphere.
A passenger (also abbreviated as pax) is a person who travels in a vehicle but bears little or no responsibility for the tasks required for that vehicle to arrive at its destination or otherwise operate the vehicle.
A pedestrian is a person travelling on foot, whether walking or running.
A people mover or automated people mover (APM) is a type of small scale automated guideway transit system.
In elementary geometry, the property of being perpendicular (perpendicularity) is the relationship between two lines which meet at a right angle (90 degrees).
The Persian Empire (شاهنشاهی ایران, translit., lit. 'Imperial Iran') refers to any of a series of imperial dynasties that were centred in Persia/Iran from the 6th-century-BC Achaemenid Empire era to the 20th century AD in the Qajar dynasty era.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
A pipe is a tubular section or hollow cylinder, usually but not necessarily of circular cross-section, used mainly to convey substances which can flow — liquids and gases (fluids), slurries, powders and masses of small solids.
Pipeline transport is the transportation of goods or material through a pipe.
Pneumatic tubes (or capsule pipelines; also known as pneumatic tube transport or PTT) are systems that propel cylindrical containers through networks of tubes by compressed air or by partial vacuum.
Pneumatics (From Greek: πνεύμα) is a branch of engineering that makes use of gas or pressurized air.
A port is a maritime commercial facility which may comprise one or more wharves where ships may dock to load and discharge passengers and cargo.
Postponement is a business strategy which maximizes possible benefit and minimizes risk by delaying further investment into a product or service until the last possible moment.
Pressure (symbol: p or P) is the force applied perpendicular to the surface of an object per unit area over which that force is distributed.
Private transport (as opposed to public transport) is transportation service which is not available for use by the general public.
A privately held company, private company, or close corporation is a business company owned either by non-governmental organizations or by a relatively small number of shareholders or company members which does not offer or trade its company stock (shares) to the general public on the stock market exchanges, but rather the company's stock is offered, owned and traded or exchanged privately.
Privatization (also spelled privatisation) is the purchase of all outstanding shares of a publicly traded company by private investors, or the sale of a state-owned enterprise to private investors.
A propeller is a type of fan that transmits power by converting rotational motion into thrust.
Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.
Rail freight transport is the use of railroads and trains to transport cargo as opposed to human passengers.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
This page provides an index of articles on rail transport by country.
A railroad tie/railway tie/crosstie (North America) or railway sleeper (Britain, Ireland, South Asia, Australasia, and Africa) is a rectangular support for the rails in railroad tracks.
A railway company or railroad company is an entity that operates a railroad track or trains.
A railway electrification system supplies electric power to railway trains and trams without an on-board prime mover or local fuel supply.
Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.
Recreation is an activity of leisure, leisure being discretionary time.
Regional rail, also known as local trains and stopping trains, are passenger rail services that operate between towns and cities.
Risk is the potential of gaining or losing something of value.
A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river.
A road is a thoroughfare, route, or way on land between two places that has been paved or otherwise improved to allow travel by foot or some form of conveyance, including a motor vehicle, cart, bicycle, or horse.
A road surface or pavement is the durable surface material laid down on an area intended to sustain vehicular or foot traffic, such as a road or walkway.
Road transport or road transportation is a type of transport by using roads.
A rocket (from Italian rocchetto "bobbin") is a missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
A rotorcraft or rotary-wing aircraft is a heavier-than-air flying machine that uses lift generated by wings, called rotary wings or rotor blades, that revolve around a mast.
Route assignment, route choice, or traffic assignment concerns the selection of routes (alternative called paths) between origins and destinations in transportation networks.
A route (or road) number is an identifying numeric (or alphanumeric) designation assigned by a highway authority to a particular stretch of roadway to distinguish it from other routes and, in many cases, also to indicate its classification (e.g. motorway, primary route, regional road, etc.), general geographical location (in zonal numbering systems) and/or orientation (north-south v. east-west).
Rowing is the act of propelling a boat using the motion of oars in the water, displacing water, and propelling the boat forward.
Running is a method of terrestrial locomotion allowing humans and other animals to move rapidly on foot.
A sailboat or sailing boat is a boat propelled partly or entirely by sails smaller than a sailing ship.
A sea is a large body of salt water that is surrounded in whole or in part by land.
A sea lane, sea road or shipping lane is a regularly used route for vessels on oceans and large lakes.
Sewage (or domestic wastewater or municipal wastewater) is a type of wastewater that is produced from a community of people.
The, colloquially known in English as the bullet train, is a network of high-speed railway lines in Japan.
A ship is a large watercraft that travels the world's oceans and other sufficiently deep waterways, carrying passengers or goods, or in support of specialized missions, such as defense, research and fishing.
The modern terms short sea shipping, marine highway and motorways of the sea refer to the historical terms coastal trade, coastal shipping, coasting trade and coastwise trade, which encompass the movement of cargo and passengers mainly by sea along a coast, without crossing an ocean.
A ski lift is a mechanism for transporting skiers up a hill.
Skiing can be a means of transport, a recreational activity or a competitive winter sport in which the participant uses skis to glide on snow.
A sled, sledge, or sleigh is a land vehicle with a smooth underside or possessing a separate body supported by two or more smooth, relatively narrow, longitudinal runners that travels by sliding across a surface.
A slurry is a thin sloppy mud or cement or, in extended use, any fluid mixture of a pulverized solid with a liquid (usually water), often used as a convenient way of handling solids in bulk.
Smog is a type of air pollutant.
Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.
A spacecraft is a vehicle or machine designed to fly in outer space.
Spaceflight (also written space flight) is ballistic flight into or through outer space.
A speed record is a world record for speed by a person, animal, or vehicle.
Steam is water in the gas phase, which is formed when water boils.
A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid.
A steam locomotive is a type of railway locomotive that produces its pulling power through a steam engine.
A steamship, often referred to as a steamer, is a type of steam powered vessel, typically ocean-faring and seaworthy, that is propelled by one or more steam engines that typically drive (turn) propellers or paddlewheels.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
A street is a public thoroughfare (usually paved) in a built environment.
A sub-orbital spaceflight is a spaceflight in which the spacecraft reaches space, but its trajectory intersects the atmosphere or surface of the gravitating body from which it was launched, so that it will not complete one orbital revolution.
A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.
A supply chain is a system of organizations, people, activities, information, and resources involved in moving a product or service from supplier to customer.
Sustainable transport refers to the broad subject of transport that is sustainable in the senses of social, environmental and climate impacts and the ability to, in the global scope, supply the source energy indefinitely.
Swimming is the self-propulsion of a person through fresh or salt water, usually for recreation, sport, exercise, or survival.
Tarmacadam is a road surfacing material made by combining macadam surfaces, tar, and sand, patented by English inventor Edgar Purnell Hooley in 1902.
A tax (from the Latin taxo) is a mandatory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or other legal entity) by a governmental organization in order to fund various public expenditures.
Taxicabs in a single country often share a set of common properties, but there is a wide variation from country to country in the vehicles used, the circumstances under which they may be hired and the regulatory regime to which these are subject.
A team is a group of individuals working together to achieve a goal.
Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia) is first robustly defined by Jacob Bigelow in 1829 as: "...principles, processes, and nomenclatures of the more conspicuous arts, particularly those which involve applications of science, and which may be considered useful, by promoting the benefit of society, together with the emolument of those who pursue them".
Telegraphy (from Greek: τῆλε têle, "at a distance" and γράφειν gráphein, "to write") is the long-distance transmission of textual or symbolic (as opposed to verbal or audio) messages without the physical exchange of an object bearing the message.
Time immemorial (temps immémorial) is a phrase meaning time extending beyond the reach of memory, record, or tradition, indefinitely ancient, "ancient beyond memory or record".
A toll road, also known as a turnpike or tollway, is a public or private road for which a fee (or toll) is assessed for passage.
Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.
In rail transport, track gauge is the spacing of the rails on a railway track and is measured between the inner faces of the load-bearing rails.
Trade involves the transfer of goods or services from one person or entity to another, often in exchange for money.
Traffic congestion is a condition on transport networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased vehicular queueing.
Traffic engineering is a branch of civil engineering that uses engineering techniques to achieve the safe and efficient movement of people and goods on roadways.
The tragedy of the commons is a term used in social science to describe a situation in a shared-resource system where individual users acting independently according to their own self-interest behave contrary to the common good of all users by depleting or spoiling that resource through their collective action.
A trail is usually a path, track or unpaved lane or road.
A train is a form of transport consisting of a series of connected vehicles that generally runs along a rail track to transport cargo or passengers.
A train station, railway station, railroad station, or depot (see below) is a railway facility or area where trains regularly stop to load or unload passengers or freight.
A tram (also tramcar; and in North America streetcar, trolley or trolley car) is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets, and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.
Transport economics is a branch of economics founded in 1959 by American economist John R. Meyer that deals with the allocation of resources within the transport sector.
Transport finance is the subject that explores how transport networks are paid for.
A transport hub (also transport interchange) is a place where passengers and cargo are exchanged between vehicles or between transport modes.
Transportation engineering or transport engineering is the application of technology and scientific principles to the planning, functional design, operation and management of facilities for any mode of transportation in order to provide for the safe, efficient, rapid, comfortable, convenient, economical, and environmentally compatible movement of people and goods (transport).
Transportation forecasting is the attempt of estimating the number of vehicles or people that will use a specific transportation facility in the future.
Transshipment or transhipment is the shipment of goods or containers to an intermediate destination, then to yet another destination.
A visa (from the Latin charta visa, meaning "paper which has been seen") is a conditional authorization granted by a country to a foreigner, allowing them to enter, remain within, or to leave that country.
Trip distribution (or destination choice or zonal interchange analysis) is the second component (after trip generation, but before mode choice and route assignment) in the traditional four-step transportation forecasting model.
Trip generation is the first step in the conventional four-step transportation forecasting process (followed by trip distribution, mode choice, and route assignment), widely used for forecasting travel demands.
A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle designed to transport cargo.
In botany, the trunk (or bole) is the stem and main wooden axis of a tree, which is an important feature in tree identification, and which often differs markedly from the bottom of the trunk to the top, depending on the species.
A tunnel is an underground passageway, dug through the surrounding soil/earth/rock and enclosed except for entrance and exit, commonly at each end.
The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) was established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body.
An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment.
Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use in an urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.
Urban sprawl or suburban sprawl describes the expansion of human populations away from central urban areas into low-density, monofunctional and usually car-dependent communities, in a process called suburbanization.
A value chain is a set of activities that a firm operating in a specific industry performs in order to deliver a valuable product or service for the market.
A vehicle (from vehiculum) is a machine that transports people or cargo.
A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand.
Walking (also known as ambulation) is one of the main gaits of locomotion among legged animals.
War is a state of armed conflict between states, societies and informal groups, such as insurgents and militias.
A warehouse is a commercial building for storage of goods.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
Watercraft or marine vessel are water-borne vehicles including ships, boats, hovercraft and submarines.
A waterway is any navigable body of water.
A wheel is a circular component that is intended to rotate on an axle bearing.
Wind is the flow of gases on a large scale.
Steel wire rope (right hand langs lay) Wire rope is several strands of metal wire twisted into a helix forming a composite "rope", in a pattern known as "laid rope".
A working animal is an animal, usually domesticated, that is kept by humans and trained to perform tasks.
The Worldwatch Institute is a globally focused environmental research organization based in Washington, D.C. Worldwatch was named as one of the top ten sustainable development research organizations by Globescan Survey of Sustainability Experts.
The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912), were two American aviators, engineers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are generally credited with inventing, building, and flying the world's first successful airplane.
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