199 relations: Acura, Airway (aviation), Arkhangelsk, Astrakhan, Avia, AvtoVAZ, ÖAF, Baikal–Amur Mainline, Ballast tractor, Baltiysk, BAW, Belarus, BelAZ, Belgorod Oblast, Bering Strait crossing, Berliet, Bogdan (bus model), Break of gauge, BRIC, Central Federal District, Chechnya, Chelyabinsk Metro, Chevrolet Camaro (fourth generation), Chevrolet Corvette, China, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Csepel (company), Czech Republic, Dagestan, Dashcam, Dmitry Medvedev, Dodge Viper, Druzhba pipeline, Dudinka, Eastern Bloc, ErAZ, Europe, European Russia, Eyewitness testimony, Far Eastern Federal District, Federal Air Transport Agency, Fiat Ducato, Ford F-Series, Ford Mustang, Ford Transit, Freightliner Trucks, FSC Żuk, GAZ, GAZ-M20 Pobeda, GAZelle, ..., Germany, Grey market, Gross domestic product, Group of Eight, Hungary, Hyundai County, Igarka, Ikarbus, Ikarus (Hungarian company), Industriewerke Ludwigsfelde, Infiniti, Ingushetia, Insurance fraud, International Paystar, International ProStar, International Road Assessment Programme, Iveco Daily, Izhevsk Mechanical Plant, Japanese domestic market, Kaliningrad, Kaliningrad Oblast, Kamaz, Kamchatka Krai, Kamchatka Peninsula, KAvZ, Kazan Metro, Khakassia, Kholmsk, Kirkenes, Komatsu Limited, Krasnodar Krai, Krasnoyarsk Metro, KrAZ, Kutaisi Auto Mechanical Plant, LIAZ (Czech Republic), LiAZ (Russia), Lincoln Town Car, LuAZ, Lviv Bus Factory, Magadan, Magirus, Makhachkala, MAN Lion's City, Marshrutka, Mercedes-Benz, Mercedes-Benz NG, Mercedes-Benz Sprinter, Mercedes-Benz W116, Ministry of Transport (Russia), Minsk Automobile Plant, Monopoly, Moscow, Moscow Metro, Moskvitch, Murmansk, Nakhodka, Navistar International, Neftekamsk Automotive Plant, Nevelsk, Nizhny Novgorod Metro, North Asia, North Caucasian Federal District, North Caucasus, Northwestern Federal District, Novorossiysk, Novosibirsk Metro, Novosibirsk Oblast, Omsk Metro, Orenburg Oblast, Pavlovo Bus Factory, Peterbilt, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Pipeline transport, Poland, Police corruption, Praga (company), Primorsk, Leningrad Oblast, Pskov Oblast, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Rail transport, Railway electrification system, Rapid transit, Renault Master, Riga Autobus Factory, Robur (truck), Rostov-on-Don, Russia, Russian federal highways, Russian Federal State Statistics Service, Russian Railways, Saint Petersburg, Saint Petersburg Metro, Sakhalin, Samara Metro, Sapsan, Scania OmniLink, Share taxi, Siberian Federal District, Siemens Velaro, Slovakia, Sochi, Southern Federal District, Soviet Union, Stavropol Krai, Sverdlovsk Oblast, TASS, Tatra (company), Tiksi, Toyota 4Runner, Toyota Highlander, Toyota Sienna, Toyota Venza, Track gauge, Trolleybus, Trolza, Tuapse, UAZ, Ukraine, Unic, Unit Rig, United Aircraft Corporation, United States, Ural Automotive Plant, Ural Federal District, Urban electric transport in Russia, Vanino, Khabarovsk Krai, Vitino, Vladimir Putin, Vladivostok, Volga Federal District, Volgabus, Volgograd, Volgograd Metrotram, Volkswagen Crafter, Volvo Trucks, Vostochny Port, Vyborg, Vysotsk, Western Star Trucks, Wired (magazine), World War II, Yakutsk, Yekaterinburg Metro, Yeysk, ZAZ, Zhang Gaoli, ZiL, ZSD Nysa, 1980 Summer Olympics. Expand index (149 more) » « Shrink index
Acura is the luxury vehicle marque of Japanese automaker Honda.
An airway or air route is a defined corridor that connects one specified location to another at a specified altitude, along which an aircraft that meets the requirements of the airway may be flown.
Arkhangelsk (p), also known in English as Archangel and Archangelsk, is a city and the administrative center of Arkhangelsk Oblast, in the north of European Russia.
Astrakhan (p) is a city in southern Russia and the administrative center of Astrakhan Oblast.
Avia is a Czech automotive manufacturer.
AvtoVAZ (АвтоВАЗ), formerly known as VAZ (Volzhsky Avtomobilny Zavod) (ВАЗ, Во́лжский автомоби́льный заво́д, or Volga Automobile Plant), is a Russian automobile manufacturer.
ÖAF is an initialism for Österreichische Automobil-Fabrik, previously known as Österreichische Austro-Fiat, an Austrian (Austro-Hungarian) car and truck manufacturer.
The Baikal–Amur Mainline (Russian Байкало-Амурская магистраль (БАМ), Baikalo-Amurskaya magistral, BAM) is a broad gauge railway line in Russia.
A ballast tractor is a specially weighted tractor unit of a heavy hauler combination.
Baltiysk (Балти́йск), before 1946 known by its German name Pillau (Piława; Piliava; Yiddish: פּילאַווע, Pilave), is a seaport town and the administrative center of Baltiysky District in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the northern part of the Vistula Spit, on the shore of the Strait of Baltiysk separating the Vistula Lagoon from the Gdańsk Bay.
Beijing Automobile Works Co., Ltd. (BAW) is a Chinese car manufacturer based in Beijing and a subsidiary of BAIC Group.
Belarus (Беларусь, Biełaruś,; Беларусь, Belarus'), officially the Republic of Belarus (Рэспубліка Беларусь; Республика Беларусь), formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia (Белоруссия, Byelorussiya), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.
BelAZ (lit, Белорусский автомобильный завод or БелАЗ), is a Belarusian manufacturer of haulage and earthmoving equipment based in Zhodzina.
Belgorod Oblast (Белгоро́дская о́бласть, Belgorodskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast).
A Bering Strait crossing is a hypothetical bridge and/or tunnel spanning the relatively narrow and shallow Bering Strait between the Chukotka Peninsula in Russia and the Seward Peninsula in the U.S. state of Alaska.
Berliet was a French manufacturer of automobiles, buses, trucks and military vehicles among other vehicles based in Vénissieux, outside of Lyon, France.
Bogdan (Богдан) is the brand of the Ukrainian buses and trolleybuses made by Bogdan Corporation.
With railways, a break of gauge occurs where a line of one gauge meets a line of a different gauge.
In economics, BRIC is a grouping acronym that refers to the countries of '''B'''razil, '''R'''ussia, '''I'''ndia and '''C'''hina, which are all deemed to be at a similar stage of newly advanced economic development.
The Central Federal District (p) is one of the eight federal districts of Russia.
The Chechen Republic (tɕɪˈtɕɛnskəjə rʲɪˈspublʲɪkə; Нохчийн Республика, Noxçiyn Respublika), commonly referred to as Chechnya (p; Нохчийчоь, Noxçiyçö), is a federal subject (a republic) of Russia.
Chelyabinsk Metro (Челябинский метрополитен, Chelyabinskiy metropoliten) is an underground rapid transit system being constructed in Chelyabinsk, Russia.
The fourth-generation Chevrolet Camaro is an automobile which was produced by Chevrolet for the 1993 through 2002 model years; although the last 30 models were unofficially sold in 2003.
The Chevrolet Corvette, known colloquially as the Vette or Chevy Corvette, is a sports car manufactured by Chevrolet.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (p; Chukchi: Чукоткакэн автономныкэн округ, Chukotkaken avtonomnyken okrug) or Chukotka (Чуко́тка) is a federal subject (an autonomous okrug) of Russia.
Csepel is a Hungarian manufacturer of trucks for industrial use.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
The Republic of Dagestan (Респу́блика Дагеста́н), or simply Dagestan (or; Дагеста́н), is a federal subject (a republic) of Russia, located in the North Caucasus region.
A dash cam, dashboard camera, car DVR, or car black box is one or a pair of onboard camera that continuously records (loop recording) the view through vehicle's windscreens.
Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev (p; born 14 September 1965) is a Russian politician who has served as the Prime Minister of Russia since 2012.
The Dodge Viper is a sports car manufactured by Dodge (SRT for 2013 and 2014), a division of American car manufacturer FCA US LLC from 1991 through 2017, having taken a brief hiatus from 2010–2013.
The Druzhba pipeline (нефтепровод «Дружба»; also has been referred to as the Friendship Pipeline and the Comecon Pipeline) is the world's longest oil pipeline and one of the biggest oil pipeline networks in the world.
Dudinka (Дуди́нка, Тут'ын) is a town on the Yenisei River and the administrative center of Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia.
The Eastern Bloc was the group of socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact.
ErAZ (Երեւանի ավտոմոբիլային գործարան, Ереванский Автомобильный Завод, ЕрАЗ, Yerevanskiy Avtomobilny Zavod) was an automobile manufacturer in Yerevan, Armenia mostly known for producing the van RAF-977K (as ErAZ-762) from 1966 to 1996.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
European Russia is the western part of Russia that is a part of Eastern Europe.
Eyewitness testimony is the account a bystander or victim gives in the courtroom, describing what that person observed that occurred during the specific incident under investigation.
The Far Eastern Federal District (Дальневосто́чный федера́льный о́круг, Dalnevostochny federalny okrug) is the largest of the eight federal districts of Russia but the least populated, with a population of 6,293,129 (74.8% urban) according to the 2010 Census.
The Federal Air Transport Agency (Федеральное агентство воздушного транспорта), also known as Rosaviatsiya (Росавиация), is the Russian government agency responsible for overseeing the civil aviation industry in Russia.
The Fiat Ducato is a light commercial vehicle developed by the Sevel joint venture between Fiat and PSA Peugeot Citroën, produced since 1981.
The Ford F-Series is a series of light-duty trucks and medium-duty trucks (Class 2-7) that have been marketed and manufactured by Ford Motor Company since 1948.
The Ford Mustang is an American car manufactured by Ford.
The Ford Transit is a range of light commercial vehicles produced by Ford since 1965.
Freightliner Trucks is an American truck manufacturer and a division of Daimler Trucks North America.
The Żuk (pl. beetle) was a van and light truck produced in Lublin, Poland, between 1958 and 1998 by FSC.
GAZ or Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod (Gorky Automobile Plant) is a Russian automotive manufacturer located in Nizhny Novgorod.
The GAZ-M20 "Pobeda" (ГАЗ-М20 Победа; Победа, Victory) was a passenger car produced in the Soviet Union by GAZ from 1946 until 1958.
The GAZelle (ГАЗе́ль) is a series of light commercial vehicles: pickup trucks, vans and minibuses made by Russian car manufacturer GAZ.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
A grey or gray market (sometimes confused with the similar term parallel market) refers to the trade of a commodity through distribution channels that are legal but unintended by the original manufacturer or trade mark proprietor.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
The G8, reformatted as G7 from 2014 due to the suspension of Russia's participation, was an inter-governmental political forum from 1997 until 2014, with the participation of some major industrialized countries in the world, that viewed themselves as democracies.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
The Hyundai County (hangul:현대 카운티) is a single-decker minibus built by Hyundai Motor Company.
Igarka (Ига́рка) is a town in Turukhansky District of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, located north of the Arctic Circle.
Ikarbus a.d. (Ikarbus - Fabrika autobusa i specijanih vozila a.d.) is a Serbian bus manufacturer based in Zemun, Belgrade. It was originally established as an aircraft manufacturer in 1923, under the name Ikarus – the first Serbian airplane, car and engine industry Kovačević and Co in Novi Sad by Dimitrije Konjović, brothers Dušan and Milivoj Kovačević, Đoka Radulović and Josif Mikl. The company changed its name to Ikarbus in 1992 due to name usage conflicts with the Hungarian bus manufacturer with the same name.
Ikarus was a bus manufacturer based in Budapest and Székesfehérvár, Hungary.
Industriewerke Ludwigsfelde is an automotive factory in Ludwigsfelde in Brandenburg, just south of Berlin in Germany.
is the luxury vehicle division of Japanese automaker Nissan.
The Republic of Ingushetia (rʲɪˈspublʲɪkə ɪnɡʊˈʂetʲɪjə; Гӏалгӏай Мохк), also referred to as simply Ingushetia, is a federal subject of Russia (a republic), located in the North Caucasus region.
Insurance fraud is any act committed with the intent to obtain a fraudulent outcome from an insurance process.
The International PayStar is a severe service truck manufactured by Navistar International.
The International ProStar was a Class 8 Commercial vehicle manufactured by International Trucks.
The International Road Assessment Programme or iRAP assesses roads all over the world and aims to significantly reduce road casualties by improving the safety of road infrastructure.
The Iveco Daily is a large light commercial van produced by the Italian automaker Iveco since 1978; it was also sold as the Fiat Daily by Fiat until 1983.
Izhevsk Mechanical Plant (Ижевский Механический Завод, Izhevsky Mekhanchesky Zavod) or IZHMEKH (ИЖМЕХ) was a major firearms manufacturer founded in Izhevsk in 1942 for manufacturing small arms.
The term "Japanese domestic market" refers to Japan's home market for vehicles.
Kaliningrad (p; former German name: Königsberg; Yiddish: קעניגסבערג, Kenigsberg; r; Old Prussian: Twangste, Kunnegsgarbs, Knigsberg; Polish: Królewiec) is a city in the administrative centre of Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea.
Kaliningrad Oblast (Калинингра́дская о́бласть, Kaliningradskaya oblast), often referred to as the Kaliningrad Region in English, or simply Kaliningrad, is a federal subject of the Russian Federation that is located on the coast of the Baltic Sea.
KAMAZ (Kama Automobile Plant) is a Russian brand of trucks and engines manufacturer located in Naberezhnye Chelny, Russian Federation.
Kamchatka Krai (p) is a federal subject (a krai) of Russia.
The Kamchatka Peninsula (полуо́стров Камча́тка, Poluostrov Kamchatka) is a 1,250-kilometre-long (780 mi) peninsula in the Russian Far East, with an area of about 270,000 km2 (100,000 sq mi).
KAvZ (Курга́нский авто́бусный заво́д, КАвЗ, Kurgansky Avtobusny Zavod) is a bus manufacturer in Kurgan, KGN, Russia.
Kazan Metro (Каза́нское метро́; Казан метросы Tatar Latin: Qazan metrosı) is a rapid-transit system that serves the city of Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. The metro system was the seventh opened in Russia, and the fifteenth in the former Soviet Union region. Opened on August 27, 2005, it is the newest system in Russia.
The Republic of Khakassia (r,; Khakas: Хака́с Респу́бликазы, tr. Khakás Respúblikazy), or simply Khakassia (Хака́сия; Khakas: Хака́сия) is a federal subject (a republic) of Russia.
Kholmsk (Холмск), known until 1946 as Maoka (真岡), is a port town and the administrative center of Kholmsky District of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia.
(Finnish and, Киркенес) is a town in Sør-Varanger Municipality in Finnmark county, in the far northeastern part of Norway.
or Komatsu (コマツ) is a Japanese multinational corporation that manufactures construction, mining, forestry, and military equipment, as well as industrial equipment like press machines, lasers and thermoelectric generators.
Krasnodar Krai (p) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai), located in the North Caucasus region in Southern Russia and administratively a part of the Southern Federal District.
Krasnoyarsk Metro System is a future subway system in the city of Krasnoyarsk, Russia.
KrAZ (Кременчуцький автомобільний завод, Kremenchutskyi Avtomobilnyi Zavod, Kremenchuk Automobile Plant) (АвтоКрА́З or AvtoKrAZ) is a Ukrainian factory that produces trucks and other special-purpose vehicles in Kremenchuk, Ukraine; particularly heavy-duty off-road models.
The Kutaisi Auto Mechanical Plant (KAMP) (ქუთაისის ავტომექანიკური ქარხანა, k'ut'aisis avtomek'anikuri k'arkhana), formerly Kutaisi Automobile Plant — KAZ (ქუთაისის საავტომობილო ქარხანა, k'ut'aisis saavtomobilo k'arkhana); named in the Soviet Union in honour of Sergo Ordzhonikidze), is a truck factory located in Kutaisi, Georgia.
LIAZ ('''LI'''berecké Automobilové Závody – Liberec Automobil Works) is a defunct Czech and Czechoslovak manufacturer of trucks.
LiAZ is a bus manufacturing company located in Likino-Dulyovo, Russia.
The Lincoln Town Car is a model line of full-size luxury sedans that was marketed by the Lincoln division of the American automaker Ford Motor Company from 1981 to 2011.
LuAZ (ЛуАЗ, short for "Луцький автомобільний завод", Lutskyi avtomobilnyi zavod; Lutsk automobile factory) is an Ukrainian automobile manufacturer in the city Lutsk built in the Soviet Union.
The Lviv Automobile Factory (Львівський автомобільний завод), mostly known under its obsolete name L’vivs’ky Avtobusnyi Zavod (Львівський автобусний завод, literally "Lviv Bus Factory") is a bus manufacturing company in Lviv, Ukraine.
Magadan (p) is a port town and the administrative center of Magadan Oblast, Russia, located on the Sea of Okhotsk in Nagayev Bay (within Taui Bay) and serving as a gateway to the Kolyma region.
Magirus GmbH is a truck manufacturer based in Ulm, Germany, founded by Conrad Dietrich Magirus (1824–1895).
Makhachkala (p; Анжи-кала; Lak: Гьанжи; Avar: МахӀачхъала; Lezgian: Магьачкъала; Rutul: МахаӀчкала) is the capital city of the Republic of Dagestan, Russia.
The MAN Lion's City is a range of low-floor and low-entry public buses built by German truck and bus manufacturer MAN Truck & Bus (previously MAN Nutzfahrzeuge) since 1996 primarily for the European market, but is also available in chassis-only variants worldwide.
Marshrutka (Russian: маршру́тка), from marshrutne taksi routed taxicab, is a form of public transportation such as a share taxi for the countries of CIS, the Baltic states, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Armenia, and Georgia.
Mercedes-Benz is a global automobile marque and a division of the German company Daimler AG.
D300 v10The "New Generation“ is a series of trucks by Daimler-Benz built from 1973 to 1988.
The Mercedes-Benz Sprinter is a light commercial vehicle (van) built by Daimler AG of Stuttgart, Germany as a van, chassis cab, minibus, and pickup truck.
The Mercedes-Benz W116 is a series of flagship luxury sedans produced from September 1972 until 1980.
The Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation (Министерство транспорта Российской Федерации) is the Russian ministry responsible for developing public policies and legal regulations regarding commercial aviation, sea transport, inland waterway transport, railroads, road transport, urban metro systems, and commercial transport vehicles.
Minsk Automobile Plant (MAZ), (Адкрытaе Акцыянэрнaе Таварыства «Мінскі аўтамабільны завод», Open JSC Minski Autamabilny Zavod, Минский автомобильный завод Minskyi Avtomobilnyi Zavod) is a state-run automotive manufacturer association in Belarus, one of the largest in Eastern Europe.
A monopoly (from Greek μόνος mónos and πωλεῖν pōleîn) exists when a specific person or enterprise is the only supplier of a particular commodity.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
The Moscow Metro (p) is a rapid transit system serving Moscow, Russia and the neighbouring Moscow Oblast cities of Krasnogorsk, Reutov, Lyubertsy and Kotelniki.
Moskvitch (Москвич) (also written as Moskvich, Moskvič or Moskwitsch) was a Soviet/Russian automobile brand produced by AZLK from 1946 to 1991 and by OAO Moskvitch from 1991 to 2001.
Murmansk (p; Мурман ланнҍ; Murmánska; Muurman) is a port city and the administrative center of Murmansk Oblast in the far northwest part of Russia.
Nakhodka (p) is a port city in Primorsky Krai, Russia, located on the Trudny Peninsula jutting into the Nakhodka Bay of the Sea of Japan, about east of Vladivostok, the administrative center of the krai.
Navistar International Corporation (formerly International Harvester Company) is an American holding company, that owns the manufacturer of International brand commercial trucks, IC Bus school and commercial buses, Workhorse brand chassis for motor homes and step vans, and is a private label designer and manufacturer of diesel engines for the pickup truck, van, and SUV markets.
Neftekamsk Automotive Plant (NEFAZ, Нефтекамский автозавод) is a Russian manufacturer of buses and machinery on KamAZ chassis located in Neftekamsk in Bashkortostan.
Nevelsk (Не́вельск; 本斗, Honto) is a port town and the administrative center of Nevelsky District of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia, located on the southwest coast of the Sakhalin Island, from Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, the administrative center of the oblast.
The Nizhny Novgorod Metro (Нижегородское метро), formerly known as Gorky Metro (Горьковское метро) is a rapid-transit system that serves the city of Nizhny Novgorod, Russia.
North Asia or Northern Asia, sometimes known as Siberia, is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the Russian regions of Siberia, Ural and the Russian Far East – an area east of the Ural Mountains.
North Caucasian Federal District (Се́веро-Кавка́зский федера́льный о́круг, Severo-Kavkazsky federalny okrug) is one of the eight federal districts of Russia.
The North Caucasus (p) or Ciscaucasia is the northern part of the Caucasus region between the Sea of Azov and Black Sea on the west and the Caspian Sea on the east, within European Russia.
Northwestern Federal District (Се́веро-За́падный федера́льный о́круг, Severo-Zapadny federalny okrug) is one of the eight federal districts of Russia.
Novorossiysk (p) is a city in Krasnodar Krai, Russia.
Novosibirsk Metro is a rapid transit system that serves Novosibirsk, Russia.
Novosibirsk Oblast (Новосиби́рская о́бласть, Novosibirskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast) located in southwestern Siberia.
Omsk Metro (О́мский метрополите́н, Omskiy metropoliten) is a cancelled rapid transit line that underwent various phases of construction from 1992 to 2018 in Omsk, Russia.
Orenburg Oblast (Оренбу́ргская о́бласть, Orenburgskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast).
Pavlovo Bus Factory (Павловский автобус, formerly Па́вловский авто́бусный заво́д, Pavlovsky Avtobusny Zavod or PAZ) is a manufacturer of buses in Russia, in the city of Pavlovo, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast.
Peterbilt Motors Company, founded in 1939, is an American manufacturer of medium- and heavy-duty trucks.
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (Петропа́вловск-Камча́тский) is a city and the administrative, industrial, scientific, and cultural center of Kamchatka Krai, Russia.
Pipeline transport is the transportation of goods or material through a pipe.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
Police corruption is a form of police misconduct in which law enforcement officers end up breaking their political contract and abuse their power for personal gain.
Praga was a manufacturing company based in Prague, Czech Republic.
Primorsk (Примо́рск; Koivisto; Björkö) is a coastal town in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia and is the second largest Russian port on the Baltic, after St. Petersburg.
Pskov Oblast (Пско́вская о́бласть) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in the west of the country.
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) is a broadcasting organization that broadcasts and reports news, information, and analysis to countries in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and the Middle East where it says that "the free flow of information is either banned by government authorities or not fully developed".
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
A railway electrification system supplies electric power to railway trains and trams without an on-board prime mover or local fuel supply.
Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.
The Renault Master is an upper medium size van produced by the French manufacturer Renault since 1980, now in its third generation.
The Riga Autobus Factory (abbreviated RAF) was a factory in Jelgava, Latvia, making vans and minibuses under the brand name Latvija.
Robur was a marque of the Volkseigener Betrieb VEB Robur-Werke Zittau of East Germany (GDR).
Rostov-on-Don (p) is a port city and the administrative center of Rostov Oblast and the Southern Federal District of Russia.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Russian federal highways (r; lit. Highways of federal importance of the Russian Federation) are the most important highways in Russia that are federal property.
Russian Federal State Statistics Service (Федеральная служба государственной статистики, Federal'naya sluzhba gosudarstvennoi statistiki) (also known as Rosstat) is the governmental statistics agency in Russia.
JSC Russian Railways (JSC RZhD; ОАО «Российские железные дороги» (ОАО «РЖД») tr. OAO Rossiyskie zheleznye dorogi (OAO RZhD)) is a Russian fully state-owned vertically integrated company, both managing infrastructure and operating freight and passenger train services.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
The Saint Petersburg Metro (Петербу́ргский метрополитен) is the underground railway system in Saint Petersburg and Leningrad Oblast, Russia.
Sakhalin (Сахалин), previously also known as Kuye Dao (Traditional Chinese:庫頁島, Simplified Chinese:库页岛) in Chinese and in Japanese, is a large Russian island in the North Pacific Ocean, lying between 45°50' and 54°24' N.
Samara Metro (Самарское Метро), formerly known as the Kuybyshev Metro (Куйбышевское Метро), is a rapid transit system which serves the city of Samara, Russia.
The Sapsan (Peregrine Falcon, known as Velaro RUS EVS) is a Russian gauge high speed electric express train.
The Scania OmniLink is a series of integrally-constructed rear longitudinal-engined low entry city buses available on the European market.
A share taxi (also called shared taxi) is a mode of transport which falls between a taxicab and a bus.
Siberian Federal District (Сиби́рский федера́льный о́круг, Sibirsky federalny okrug) is one of the eight federal districts of Russia.
Siemens Velaro is a family of high-speed EMU trains used in Germany, Belgium, France, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Spain, China, Russia and Turkey.
Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
Sochi (a) is a city in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Black Sea coast near the border between Georgia/Abkhazia and Russia.
The Southern Federal District (ˈjuʐnɨj fʲɪdʲɪˈralʲnɨj ˈokrʊk) is one of the eight federal districts of Russia.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Stavropol Krai (p) is a federal subject (a krai) of Russia.
Sverdlovsk Oblast (Свердло́вская о́бласть, Sverdlovskaya oblast) is a federal subject (an oblast) of Russia located in the Ural Federal District.
Russian News Agency TASS (Informatsionnoye agentstvo Rossii TASS), abbr.
Tatra is a Czech vehicle manufacturer in Kopřivnice.
Tiksi (ˈtʲiksʲɪ; Тиксии, Tiksii – lit. a moorage place) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Bulunsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the shore of the Buor-Khaya Gulf of the Laptev Sea, southeast of the delta of the Lena River.
The is a compact, later mid-size sport utility vehicle produced by the Japanese manufacturer Toyota and sold throughout the world from 1984 to present.
The, also known as the, is a mid-size crossover SUV produced by Toyota.
The Toyota Sienna is a minivan manufactured by Toyota at the Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indiana facility, in Princeton, Indiana, United States, for the North American market.
The is a front-engine, front- or all wheel-drive mid-size five-passenger crossover SUV that was manufactured and marketed by Toyota in North America and unveiled at the 2008 North American International Auto Show in Detroit.
In rail transport, track gauge is the spacing of the rails on a railway track and is measured between the inner faces of the load-bearing rails.
A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram Joyce, J.; King, J. S.; and Newman, A. G. (1986). British Trolleybus Systems, pp. 9, 12. London: Ian Allan Publishing.. or trolleyDunbar, Charles S. (1967). Buses, Trolleys & Trams. Paul Hamlyn Ltd. (UK). Republished 2004 with or 9780753709702.) is an electric bus that draws power from overhead wires (generally suspended from roadside posts) using spring-loaded trolley poles.
Trolza (ZАО "Троллейбусный завод" (Тролза)), formerly known as the Uritsky factory or simply Uritsky,Bushell, Chris; and Stonham, Peter (eds.) (1987).
Tuapse (Туапсе́; Тӏуапсэ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, situated on the northeast shore of the Black Sea, south of Gelendzhik and north of Sochi.
UAZ (УАЗ) (Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant) is an automobile manufacturer based in Ulyanovsk, Russia, which manufactures off-road vehicles, buses and trucks.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
Unic was a French manufacturer founded in 1905, and active as an automobile producer until July 1938.
Unit Rig was a manufacturer of haul trucks, sold under the brand name Lectra Haul.
The PJSC United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) is a Russian aerospace and defense corporation.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
For the defunct "Ural Automobiles and Motors" see Amur (company) The Urals Automotive Plant,.
Ural Federal District (Ура́льский федера́льный о́круг, Uralsky federalny okrug) is one of the eight federal districts of Russia.
The production of urban electric transport is a branch of Russian engineering.
Vanino (Ва́нино), an urban locality (a work settlement) and the administrative center of Vaninsky District of Khabarovsk Krai, Russia, operates as a port on the Strait of Tartary.
Vitino (Витино) is an oil port on the White Sea in Russia.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (a; born 7 October 1952) is a Russian statesman and former intelligence officer serving as President of Russia since 2012, previously holding the position from 2000 until 2008.
Vladivostok (p, literally ruler of the east) is a city and the administrative center of Primorsky Krai, Russia, located around the Golden Horn Bay, not far from Russia's borders with China and North Korea.
Volga (Privolzhsky) Federal District (Приво́лжский федера́льный о́круг, Privolzhsky federalny okrug) is one of the eight federal districts of Russia.
Volgabus (known as Volzhanin until 2008) is a Russian bus manufacturing company located in the city of Volzhsky Volgograd region, and includes leasing company, a distribution center, a network of dealers, and logistics center.
Volgograd (p), formerly Tsaritsyn, 1589–1925, and Stalingrad, 1925–1961, is an important industrial city and the administrative centre of Volgograd Oblast, Russia, on the western bank of the Volga River.
| The Volgograd Metrotram (Skorostnoy Tramvay, ST) is a light rail system operating in Volgograd, Russia.
The Volkswagen Crafter, introduced in 2006 is the largest 3 to 5 tonne van produced and sold by the German automaker Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles.
Volvo Trucks (Volvo Lastvagnar) (stylized as VOLVO) is a global truck manufacturer based in Gothenburg, Sweden, owned by AB Volvo.
Vostochny Port (Восто́чный порт) is an intermodal container port at the eastern end of the Trans-Siberian Railway.
Vyborg (p; Viipuri,; Viborg; Wiborg; Viiburi) is a town in, and the administrative center of, Vyborgsky District in Leningrad Oblast, Russia.
Vysotsk (Высо́цк; Uuras; Trångsund) is a coastal town and a seaport in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the Karelian Isthmus, on the eastern shore of the Vyborg Bay, southwest of Vyborg and northwest of St. Petersburg.
Western Star Trucks Sales, Inc., commonly designated Western Star, is an American truck manufacturer headquartered in Portland, Oregon, United States and a subsidiary of Daimler Trucks North America, in turn a wholly owned subsidiary of the German Daimler AG.
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yakutsk (p; Дьокуускай, D'okuuskay) is the capital city of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located about south of the Arctic Circle.
The Yekaterinburg Metro (Екатеринбу́ргский Метрополите́н) is a rapid transit system that serves the city of Yekaterinburg, Russia.
Yeysk (Ейск) is a port and a resort town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, situated on the shore of the Taganrog Gulf of the Sea of Azov.
ZAZ or Zaporizhia Automobile Building Plant (ЗАЗ, Запорізький автомобілебудівельний завод, Zaporiz'kyi avtomobilebudivnyi zavod or Zaporiz'kyi avtozavod) is the main automobile manufacturer of Ukraine, based in the south-eastern city of Zaporizhia.
Zhang Gaoli (born November 1946) served as the first-ranked Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China.
AMO ZiL, known fully as the Moscow Automotive Society – Likhachov Plant and more commonly called ZiL (was a major Russian automobile, truck, military vehicle, and heavy equipment manufacturer that was based in Moscow, Russia.
The Nysa van was produced in the town of Nysa, Poland, from 1958 until 1994.
The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad (r), was an international multi-sport event held in Moscow, Soviet Union, in present-day Russia.