53 relations: Ammonium, Anabolic steroid, Anabolism, Androgen, Androgen receptor, Appetite, Aromatase, Athlete, Australia, Biological half-life, Black market, Bodybuilding, Canada, Catabolism, Chemical synthesis, Controlled Substances Act, Derivative (chemistry), Dihydrotestosterone, Double bond, Ester, Estrane, Estrogen (medication), Glucocorticoid receptor, Glucuronide, Intramuscular injection, Ligand (biochemistry), Lipase, List of androgen esters, Liver, Livestock, Metabolism, Muscle hypertrophy, Nandrolone, Organic compound, Prodrug, Professional sports, Progesterone receptor, Progestogen, Protein, Secondary sex characteristic, Steroid, Sulfate, Testosterone (medication), Toxicological Sciences, Trademark distinctiveness, Trenbolone acetate, Trenbolone enanthate, Trenbolone hexahydrobenzylcarbonate, Trenbolone undecanoate, United Kingdom, ..., Urine, Veterinary medicine, 5α-Reductase. Expand index (3 more) » « Shrink index
The ammonium cation is a positively charged polyatomic ion with the chemical formula.
Anabolic steroids, also known more properly as anabolic–androgenic steroids (AAS), are steroidal androgens that include natural androgens like testosterone as well as synthetic androgens that are structurally related and have similar effects to testosterone.
Anabolism (from ἁνά, "upward" and βάλλειν, "to throw") is the set of metabolic pathways that construct molecules from smaller units.
An androgen (from Greek andr-, the stem of the word meaning "man") is any natural or synthetic steroid hormone which regulates the development and maintenance of male characteristics in vertebrates by binding to androgen receptors.
The androgen receptor (AR), also known as NR3C4 (nuclear receptor subfamily 3, group C, member 4), is a type of nuclear receptor that is activated by binding any of the androgenic hormones, including testosterone and dihydrotestosterone in the cytoplasm and then translocating into the nucleus.
Appetite is the desire to eat food, sometimes due to hunger.
Aromatase, also called estrogen synthetase or estrogen synthase, is an enzyme responsible for a key step in the biosynthesis of estrogens.
An athlete (also sportsman or sportswoman) is a person who competes in one or more sports that involve physical strength, speed or endurance.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The biological half-life of a biological substance is the time it takes for half to be removed by biological processes when the rate of removal is roughly exponential.
A black market, underground economy, or shadow economy is a clandestine market or transaction that has some aspect of illegality or is characterized by some form of noncompliant behavior with an institutional set of rules.
Bodybuilding is the use of progressive resistance exercise to control and develop one's musculature.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Catabolism (from Greek κάτω kato, "downward" and βάλλειν ballein, "to throw") is the set of metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller units that are either oxidized to release energy or used in other anabolic reactions.
Chemical synthesis is a purposeful execution of chemical reactions to obtain a product, or several products.
The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) is the statute establishing federal U.S. drug policy under which the manufacture, importation, possession, use, and distribution of certain substances is regulated.
In chemistry, a derivative is a compound that is derived from a similar compound by a chemical reaction.
Dihydrotestosterone (DHT), or 5α-dihydrotestosterone (5α-DHT), also known as androstanolone or stanolone, is an endogenous androgen sex steroid and hormone.
A double bond in chemistry is a chemical bond between two chemical elements involving four bonding electrons instead of the usual two.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
Estrane is a C18 steroid derivative, with a gonane core.
An estrogen is a type of medication which is used most commonly in hormonal birth control and menopausal hormone therapy.
The glucocorticoid receptor (GR, or GCR) also known as NR3C1 (nuclear receptor subfamily 3, group C, member 1) is the receptor to which cortisol and other glucocorticoids bind.
A glucuronide, also known as glucuronoside, is any substance produced by linking glucuronic acid to another substance via a glycosidic bond.
Intramuscular (also IM or im) injection is the injection of a substance directly into muscle.
In biochemistry and pharmacology, a ligand is a substance that forms a complex with a biomolecule to serve a biological purpose.
A lipase is any enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of fats (lipids).
This is a list of androgen esters, including esters (as well as ethers) of natural androgens like testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and synthetic anabolic–androgenic steroids (AAS) like nandrolone (19-nortestosterone).
The liver, an organ only found in vertebrates, detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion.
Livestock are domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and wool.
Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.
Muscle hypertrophy involves an increase in size of skeletal muscle through a growth in size of its component cells.
Nandrolone, also known as 19-nortestosterone, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) which is used in the form of esters such as nandrolone decanoate (brand name Deca-Durabolin) and nandrolone phenylpropionate (brand name Durabolin).
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
A prodrug is a medication or compound that, after administration, is metabolized (i.e., converted within the body) into a pharmacologically active drug.
Professional sports, as opposed to amateur sports, are sports in which athletes receive payment for their performance.
The progesterone receptor (PR), also known as NR3C3 or nuclear receptor subfamily 3, group C, member 3, is a protein found inside cells.
Progestogens, also sometimes spelled progestagens or gestagens, are a class of steroid hormones that bind to and activate the progesterone receptor (PR).
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Secondary sex characteristics are features that appear during puberty in humans, and at sexual maturity in other animals.
A steroid is a biologically active organic compound with four rings arranged in a specific molecular configuration.
The sulfate or sulphate (see spelling differences) ion is a polyatomic anion with the empirical formula.
Testosterone is a medication and naturally occurring steroid hormone.
Toxicological Sciences is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal which covers all aspects of research on toxicology.
Trademark distinctiveness is an important concept in the law governing trademarks and service marks.
Trenbolone acetate, sold under brand names such as Finajet and Finaplix among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used in veterinary medicine, specifically to increase the profitability of livestock by promoting muscle growth in cattle.
Trenbolone enanthate, known by the nickname Trenabol, is a synthetic and injected anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of nandrolone which was never marketed.
Trenbolone hexahydrobenzylcarbonate, or trenbolone cyclohexylmethylcarbonate, sold under the brand names Parabolan and Hexabolan, is a synthetic, injected anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) of the nandrolone group and an androgen ester – specifically, the C17β hexahydrobenzylcarbonate (cyclohexylmethylcarbonate) ester of trenbolone – which was marketed in France for medical use in humans but has since been discontinued.
Trenbolone undecanoate, or trenbolone undecylate, is a synthetic and injected anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of nandrolone (19-nortestosterone) which was never marketed.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
Urine is a liquid by-product of metabolism in humans and in many animals.
Veterinary medicine is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease, disorder and injury in non-human animals.
5α-reductases, also known as 3-oxo-5α-steroid 4-dehydrogenases, are enzymes involved in steroid metabolism.