65 relations: Anthropology, Arab tribes in Iraq, Archaeology, Émile Benveniste, Band society, Beyond Civilization, Chiefdom, Civilization, Clan, Colonialism, Cultural anthropology, Cultural evolution, Egalitarianism, Elman Service, Endemic warfare, Ethnic group, Ethnohistory, Etruscan civilization, Etruscan society, Gregory Nagy, Hunter-gatherer, Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989, Kinship, Latins (Italic tribe), Leadership, Livy, Marcus Terentius Varro, Matrilineality, Micronation, Middle English, Morton Fried, Neocolonialism, New Latin, Nomad, Pantribal sodality, Patrilineality, Polis, Polity, Proto-Indo-European language, Roman Republic, Romulus, Sabines, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, Segmentary lineage, Social class, Social group, Social inequality, Social stratification, Sociopolitical typology, South Sudan, ..., Sovereign state, State (polity), Stateless society, Stephen Corry, Titus Tatius, Tribal Assembly, Tribal chief, Tribal name, Tribal sovereignty in the United States, Tribalism, Tribe (Internet), Tribe (Native American), Twelve Tribes of Israel, Umbrian language, Yemen. Expand index (15 more) » « Shrink index
Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.
Most Iraqis identify strongly with a tribe (العشيرة 'ashira).
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
Émile Benveniste (27 March 1902 – 3 October 1976) was a French structural linguist and semiotician.
A band society, or horde, is the simplest form of human society.
Beyond Civilization (subtitled Humanity’s Next Great Adventure) is a book by Daniel Quinn written as a non-fiction follow-up to his acclaimed Ishmael trilogy—Ishmael, The Story of B, and My Ishmael—as well as to his autobiography, Providence: The Story of a Fifty-Year Vision Quest.
A chiefdom is a form of hierarchical political organization in non-industrial societies usually based on kinship, and in which formal leadership is monopolized by the legitimate senior members of select families or 'houses'.
A civilization or civilisation (see English spelling differences) is any complex society characterized by urban development, social stratification imposed by a cultural elite, symbolic systems of communication (for example, writing systems), and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment.
A clan is a group of people united by actual or perceived kinship and descent.
Colonialism is the policy of a polity seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of developing or exploiting them to the benefit of the colonizing country and of helping the colonies modernize in terms defined by the colonizers, especially in economics, religion and health.
Cultural anthropology is a branch of anthropology focused on the study of cultural variation among humans.
Cultural evolution is an evolutionary theory of social change.
Egalitarianism – or equalitarianism – is a school of thought that prioritizes equality for all people.
Elman Rogers Service (1915–1996) was an American cultural anthropologist.
Endemic warfare is a state of continual or frequent warfare, such as is found in some tribal societies (but is not limited to tribal societies).
An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.
Ethnohistory is the study of cultures and indigenous peoples' customs by examining historical records as well as other sources of information on their lives and history.
The Etruscan civilization is the modern name given to a powerful and wealthy civilization of ancient Italy in the area corresponding roughly to Tuscany, western Umbria and northern Lazio.
Etruscan society is mainly known through the memorial and achievemental inscriptions on monuments of Etruscan civilization, especially tombs.
Gregory Nagy (Nagy Gergely,; born Budapest, October 22, 1942), gregorynagy.org is an American professor of Classics at Harvard University, specializing in Homer and archaic Greek poetry.
A hunter-gatherer is a human living in a society in which most or all food is obtained by foraging (collecting wild plants and pursuing wild animals), in contrast to agricultural societies, which rely mainly on domesticated species.
The Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989 is an International Labour Organization Convention, also known as ILO-convention 169, or C169.
In anthropology, kinship is the web of social relationships that form an important part of the lives of all humans in all societies, although its exact meanings even within this discipline are often debated.
The Latins (Latin: Latini), sometimes known as the Latians, were an Italic tribe which included the early inhabitants of the city of Rome.
Leadership is both a research area and a practical skill encompassing the ability of an individual or organization to "lead" or guide other individuals, teams, or entire organizations.
Titus Livius Patavinus (64 or 59 BCAD 12 or 17) – often rendered as Titus Livy, or simply Livy, in English language sources – was a Roman historian.
Marcus Terentius Varro (116 BC – 27 BC) was an ancient Roman scholar and writer.
Matrilineality is the tracing of descent through the female line.
A micronation, sometimes referred to as a model country or new country project, is an entity that claims to be an independent nation or state but is not recognized by world governments or major international organizations.
Middle English (ME) is collectively the varieties of the English language spoken after the Norman Conquest (1066) until the late 15th century; scholarly opinion varies but the Oxford English Dictionary specifies the period of 1150 to 1500.
Morton Herbert Fried (March 21, 1923 in Bronx, New York – December 18, 1986 in Leonia, New Jersey), was a distinguished Professor of Anthropology at Columbia University in New York City from 1950 until his death in 1986.
Neocolonialism, neo-colonialism or neo-imperialism is the practice of using capitalism, globalization and cultural imperialism to influence a developing country in lieu of direct military control (imperialism) or indirect political control (hegemony).
New Latin (also called Neo-Latin or Modern Latin) was a revival in the use of Latin in original, scholarly, and scientific works between c. 1375 and c. 1900.
A nomad (νομάς, nomas, plural tribe) is a member of a community of people who live in different locations, moving from one place to another in search of grasslands for their animals.
In anthropology, a pantribal sodality is a social grouping which is not determined by family membership (non-kin), and which extends across an entire tribe.
Patrilineality, also known as the male line, the spear side or agnatic kinship, is a common kinship system in which an individual's family membership derives from and is recorded through his or her father's lineage.
Polis (πόλις), plural poleis (πόλεις), literally means city in Greek.
A polity is any kind of political entity.
Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the linguistic reconstruction of the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, the most widely spoken language family in the world.
The Roman Republic (Res publica Romana) was the era of classical Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire.
Romulus was the legendary founder and first king of Rome.
The Sabines (Sabini; Σαβῖνοι Sabĩnoi; Sabini, all exonyms) were an Italic tribe which lived in the central Apennines of ancient Italy, also inhabiting Latium north of the Anio before the founding of Rome.
The Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) are officially designated groups of historically disadvantaged people in India.
A segmentary lineage society has equivalent parts ("segments") held together by shared values.
A social class is a set of subjectively defined concepts in the social sciences and political theory centered on models of social stratification in which people are grouped into a set of hierarchical social categories, the most common being the upper, middle and lower classes.
In the social sciences, a social group has been defined as two or more people who interact with one another, share similar characteristics, and collectively have a sense of unity.
Social inequality occurs when resources in a given society are distributed unevenly, typically through norms of allocation, that engender specific patterns along lines of socially defined categories of persons.
Social stratification is a kind of social differentiation whereby a society groups people into socioeconomic strata, based upon their occupation and income, wealth and social status, or derived power (social and political).
Sociopolitical typology refers to four types, or levels, of a political organization: "band", "tribe", "chiefdom", and "state", created by the anthropologist Elman Service.
South Sudan, officially known as the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa.
A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.
A state is a compulsory political organization with a centralized government that maintains a monopoly of the legitimate use of force within a certain geographical territory.
A stateless society is a society that is not governed by a state, or, especially in common American English, has no government.
Stephen Corry (born 1951) is a British indigenous rights activist, better known as the Director of the non-governmental organisation Survival International.
According to the Roman foundation myth, Titus Tatius was the king of the Sabines from Cures and joint-ruler of Rome for several years.
The Tribal Assembly or Assembly of the People (comitia populi tributa) of the Roman Republic was an assembly consisting of all Roman citizens convened by the tribes (tributim).
A tribal chief is the leader of a tribal society or chiefdom.
A tribal name is a name of an ethnic tribe —usually of ancient origin, which represented its self-identity.
Tribal sovereignty in the United States is the concept of the inherent authority of indigenous tribes to govern themselves within the borders of the United States.
Tribalism is the state of being organized by, or advocating for, tribes or tribal lifestyles.
The term tribe or digital tribe is used as a slang term for an unofficial community of people who share a common interest, and usually who are loosely affiliated with each other through social media or other Internet mechanisms.
In the United States, an Indian tribe, Native American tribe, tribal nation or similar concept is any extant or historical clan, tribe, band, nation, or other group or community of Indigenous peoples in the United States.
According to the Hebrew Bible, the Twelve Tribes of Israel or Tribes of Israel (שבטי ישראל) were said to have descended from the 12 sons of the patriarch Jacob (who was later named Israel) by two wives, Leah and Rachel, and two concubines, Zilpah and Bilhah.
Umbrian is an extinct Italic language formerly spoken by the Umbri in the ancient Italian region of Umbria.
Yemen (al-Yaman), officially known as the Republic of Yemen (al-Jumhūriyyah al-Yamaniyyah), is an Arab sovereign state in Western Asia at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula.
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