375 relations: A. D. Godley, Abydos (Hellespont), Acamas, Achaeans (Homer), Achates, Achilleion (Corfu), Achilles, Achilles and Patroclus, Achilles on Skyros, Achilles' heel, Adrasteia, Aeacus, Aegisthus, Aeneas, Aeneid, Aeschylus, Aethiopis, Aethra (Greek mythology), Aetolia, Agamemnon, Ajax the Great, Ajax the Lesser, Alaksandu, Alba Longa, Alexander the Great, Alfred John Church, Amazons, Ambrosia, Amphora, Anatolia, Anchises, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Andromache, Anius, Antandrus, Antenor (mythology), Antilochus, Aphrodite, Apollo, Apple of Discord, Arcadia, Archaeology, Ares, Argos, Argos (dog), Arnuwanda III, Artemis, Ascanius, ..., Asclepius, Assuwa, Astyanax, Athena, Athens, Atreus, Attica, Augustus, Avlida, Bakırçay, Battle of Kadesh, Bibliotheca (Pseudo-Apollodorus), Board game, Boeotia, Bonaventura Genelli, Briseis, Bronze Age, Calabria, Calchas, Calypso (mythology), Canosa di Puglia, Carian language, Carians, Carthage, Cassandra, Castor and Pollux, Catalogue of Ships, Caucasus, Chrestomathy, Chryse (island), Chryseis, Chryses, Cicones, Cinyras, Circe, Clytemnestra, Colchis, Colophon (city), Cornus, Crete, Creusa (wife of Aeneas), Cronus, Crotone, Cumae, Cupid, Cyclops, Cycnus, Cyme (Aeolis), Cypria, Cyprus, Dante Alighieri, Danube, Dardanelles, Dardanus, Dardanus (city), Deidamia (mythology), Deiphobus, Delos, Delphi, Demophon of Athens, Di Penates, Dicaearchus, Dictys, Dido, Dio Chrysostom, Diomedes, Dodecanese, Duris of Samos, Edith Hall, Edremit, Balıkesir, Egypt, Electra, Elysium, Eos, Epeius, Ephorus, Epic Cycle, Epirus, Eratosthenes, Erinyes, Eris (mythology), Eros, Ethiopia, Euboea, Eumaeus, Euripides, Europa (mythology), Eurypylus (son of Telephus), Eutychius Proclus, Frank Calvert, Fresco, Gens, Geoffrey Chaucer, Geology, Geology (journal), Golden apple, Greek art, Greek literature, Greek mythology, Greek tragedy, Greek underworld, Greeks, Hades, Halizones, Hecate, Hecatomb, Hector, Hector Berlioz, Hecuba, Heinrich Schliemann, Helen of Troy, Helen of Troy (film), Helenus, Helios, Hellanicus of Lesbos, Hephaestus, Hera, Heracles, Hermes, Hermione (mythology), Herodotus, Hesiod, Hesione, Hippolyta, Hisarlik, Hittites, Homer, Iapyx, Idomeneus, Iliad, Iliupersis, Imbros, Io (mythology), Iphigenia, Italy, Ithaca, Jason, John Tzetzes, John V. Luce, Joost van den Vondel, Julio-Claudian dynasty, Julius Caesar, Katabasis, Klazomenai, Laocoön, Laomedon, Lares, Latin literature, Latinus, Lavinia, Leda (mythology), Lemnos, Les Troyens, Lesbos, List of historians, Little Iliad, Loeb Classical Library, Lusus Troiae, Lycaon (Troy), Lycia, Lycomedes, Lycus (mythology), Lydia, Macedonia (ancient kingdom), Machaon (physician), Medea, Medon, Megara, Melvyn Bragg, Memnon (mythology), Menelaus, Metapontum, Michael Wood (historian), Milawata letter, Miletus, Mimas (Aeneid), Minyans, Misenus, Molossians, Momus, Mount Ida, Mycenae, Mycenaean Greece, Mykonos, Mysia, Nauplius (mythology), Nemesis, Neoptolemus, Nephele, Nestor (mythology), Nostoi, Odysseus, Odyssey, Ogygia, Oral tradition, Orestes, Origin myth, Ovid, Paeonia (kingdom), Palamedes (mythology), Palladium (classical antiquity), Pandarus, Panorama, Parian Chronicle, Paris (mythology), Patroclus, Pausanias (geographer), Pedasus, Pelasgians, Peleus, Peloponnese, Pelops, Penelope, Penteconter, Penthesilea, Percote, Petelia, Phalerum, Phemius, Philoctetes, Phocaea, Phoenicia, Phoenix (son of Amyntor), Phrygia, Phrygians, Phylace (Magnesia), Piraeus, Pisidice, Playwright, Podalirius, Podarces, Polydorus (son of Priam), Polymestor, Polyphemus, Polyxena, Poseidon, Posthomerica, Pottery, Principate, Prometheus, Prophecy, Protesilaus, Proteus, Punic Wars, Pythia, Quintus Smyrnaeus, Roman mythology, Romulus, Romulus and Remus, Salamis Island, Sarpedon, Scamander, Scheria, Sestos, Shepherd, Sibyl, Side, Turkey, Sidon, Siege, Silvius (mythology), Sinon, Skyros, Smyrna, Snake Island (Black Sea), Sophocles, Sosibius, Southern Italy, Sparta, Stesichorus, Strabo, Styx, Susa, Swan, Tabula iliaca, Tawagalawa letter, Tecmessa, Telamon, Telegonus, Telegony, Telemachus, Telephus, Tenedos, Tenes, Teucer, The Trojan Horse (film), The Trojan Women, Themis, Thersander, Thersites, Theseus, Thetis, Thrace, Thrinacia, Thucydides, Thurii, Thyestes, Tiber, Timaeus (historian), Tinos, Tiresias, Tithonus, Topography, Troad, Troilus, Troilus and Cressida, Troilus and Criseyde, Trojan Battle Order, Trojan Horse, Trojan language, Troy, Troy (film), Troy VII, Tudḫaliya IV, Turkey, Tyndareus, University of Massachusetts Press, Uranus (mythology), Venus (mythology), Virgil, William Shakespeare, Wilusa, Zeleia, Zeus, 1250s BC, 1280s BC. Expand index (325 more) » « Shrink index
Alfred Denis Godley (1856–1925) was an English classical scholar and author of humorous poems.
Abydos (Ἄβυδος) or Abydus, was an ancient city in Mysia in northwestern Asia Minor, near the modern city of Çanakkale (Turkey).
Acamas or Akamas (Ancient Greek: Ἀκάμας, folk etymology: "unwearying") was a name attributed to several characters in Greek mythology.
The Achaeans (Ἀχαιοί Akhaioí, "the Achaeans" or "of Achaea") constitute one of the collective names for the Greeks in Homer's Iliad (used 598 times) and Odyssey.
In Greek and Roman mythology, Achates (Ancient Greek: Ἀχάτης) may refer to the following personages.
Achilleion (Αχίλλειο or Αχίλλειον) is a palace built in Gastouri on the Island of Corfu by Empress (Kaiserin) of Austria, Elisabeth of Bavaria, also known as Sisi, after a suggestion by Austrian Consul Alexander von Warsberg.
In Greek mythology, Achilles or Achilleus (Ἀχιλλεύς, Achilleus) was a Greek hero of the Trojan War and the central character and greatest warrior of Homer's Iliad.
The relationship between Achilles and Patroclus is a key element of the stories associated with the Trojan War.
Achilles on Skyros is an episode in the myth of Achilles, a Greek hero of the Trojan War.
An Achilles' heel is a weakness in spite of overall strength, which can lead to downfall.
In Greek mythology, Adrasteia (Greek: Ἀδράστεια (Ionic Greek: Ἀδρήστεια), "inescapable"; also spelled Adrastia, Adrastea, Adrestea, Adastreia) was a nymph who was charged by Rhea with nurturing the infant Zeus in secret in the Dictaean cave, to protect him from his father Cronus.
Aeacus (also spelled Eacus; Ancient Greek: Αἰακός) was a mythological king of the island of Aegina in the Saronic Gulf.
Aegisthus (Αἴγισθος; also transliterated as Aigisthos) is a figure in Greek mythology.
In Greco-Roman mythology, Aeneas (Greek: Αἰνείας, Aineías, possibly derived from Greek αἰνή meaning "praised") was a Trojan hero, the son of the prince Anchises and the goddess Aphrodite (Venus).
The Aeneid (Aeneis) is a Latin epic poem, written by Virgil between 29 and 19 BC, that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who travelled to Italy, where he became the ancestor of the Romans.
Aeschylus (Αἰσχύλος Aiskhulos;; c. 525/524 – c. 456/455 BC) was an ancient Greek tragedian.
The Aethiopis or Aithiopis (Greek: Αἰθιοπίς, Aíthiopís; Aethiopis) is a lost epic of ancient Greek literature.
In Greek mythology, Aethra or Aithra (Αἴθρα, Aἴthra,,, the "bright sky") was a name applied to four different individuals.
Aetolia (Αἰτωλία, Aἰtōlía) is a mountainous region of Greece on the north coast of the Gulf of Corinth, forming the eastern part of the modern regional unit of Aetolia-Acarnania.
In Greek mythology, Agamemnon (Ἀγαμέμνων, Ἀgamémnōn) was the son of King Atreus and Queen Aerope of Mycenae, the brother of Menelaus, the husband of Clytemnestra and the father of Iphigenia, Electra or Laodike (Λαοδίκη), Orestes and Chrysothemis.
Ajax or Aias (or; Αἴας, gen. Αἴαντος Aiantos) is a mythological Greek hero, the son of King Telamon and Periboea, and the half-brother of Teucer.
Ajax (Αἴας Aias) was a Greek mythological hero, son of Oileus, the king of Locris.
Alaksandu or Alaksandus was a king of Wilusa who sealed a treaty with Hittite king Muwatalli II ca.
Alba Longa (occasionally written Albalonga in Italian sources) was an ancient city of Latium in central Italy, southeast of Rome, in the Alban Hills.
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.
Alfred John Church (29 January 1829 – 27 April 1912) was an English classical scholar.
In Greek mythology, the Amazons (Ἀμαζόνες,, singular Ἀμαζών) were a tribe of women warriors related to Scythians and Sarmatians.
In the ancient Greek myths, ambrosia (ἀμβροσία, "immortality") is sometimes the food or drink of the Greek gods, often depicted as conferring longevity or immortality upon whoever consumed it.
An amphora (Greek: ἀμφορεύς, amphoréus; English plural: amphorae or amphoras) is a type of container of a characteristic shape and size, descending from at least as early as the Neolithic Period.
Anatolia (Modern Greek: Ανατολία Anatolía, from Ἀνατολή Anatolḗ,; "east" or "rise"), also known as Asia Minor (Medieval and Modern Greek: Μικρά Ἀσία Mikrá Asía, "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, the Anatolian peninsula, or the Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.
In Greek mythology, Anchises (Ἀnkhísēs) was the son of Capys and Themiste (daughter of Ilus, who was son of Tros).
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
In Greek mythology, Andromache (Ἀνδρομάχη, Andromákhē) was the wife of Hector, daughter of Eetion, and sister to Podes.
In Greek mythology, Anius (Ἄνιος) was a king of Delos and priest of Apollo.
Antandrus (Antandros) was an ancient Greek city on the north side of the Gulf of Adramyttium in the Troad region of Anatolia.
Antenor (Ἀντήνωρ, Antḗnōr) was a counselor to King Priam of Troy in the legendary Greek accounts of the Trojan War.
In Greek mythology, Antilochus (Greek: Ἀντίλοχος, Antílokhos) was the son of Nestor, king of Pylos, and was one of the Acheans in the Trojan War.
Aphrodite is the ancient Greek goddess of love, beauty, pleasure, and procreation.
Apollo (Attic, Ionic, and Homeric Greek: Ἀπόλλων, Apollōn (Ἀπόλλωνος); Doric: Ἀπέλλων, Apellōn; Arcadocypriot: Ἀπείλων, Apeilōn; Aeolic: Ἄπλουν, Aploun; Apollō) is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology.
An apple of discord is a reference to the Golden Apple of Discord (μῆλον τῆς Ἔριδος) which, according to Greek mythology, the goddess Eris (Gr. Ἔρις, "Strife") tossed in the midst of the feast of the gods at the wedding of Peleus and Thetis as a prize of beauty, thus sparking a vanity-fueled dispute among Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite that eventually led to the Trojan War (for the complete story, see The Judgement of Paris).
Arcadia (Αρκαδία, Arkadía) is one of the regional units of Greece.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
Ares (Ἄρης, Áres) is the Greek god of war.
Argos (Modern Greek: Άργος; Ancient Greek: Ἄργος) is a city in Argolis, the Peloponnese, Greece and is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.
In Homer's Odyssey, Argos (Ἄργος) is Odysseus' faithful dog.
Arnuwanda III was the penultimate king of the Hittite empire (New Kingdom) (c. 1209–1207 BC (short chronology).
Artemis (Ἄρτεμις Artemis) was one of the most widely venerated of the Ancient Greek deities.
Ascanius (said to have reigned 1176-1138 BC) a legendary king of Alba Longa and is the son of the Trojan hero Aeneas and either Creusa, daughter of Priam, or Lavinia, daughter of Latinus.
Asclepius (Ἀσκληπιός, Asklēpiós; Aesculapius) was a hero and god of medicine in ancient Greek religion and mythology.
Assuwa was a confederation (or league) of 22 ancient Anatolian states that formed some time before 1400 BC, when it was defeated by the Hittite Empire, under Tudhaliya I. The league was formed to oppose the Hittites.
In Greek mythology, Astyanax (Ἀστυάναξ Astyánax, "protector of the city") was the son of Hector, the crown prince of Troy, and his wife, Princess Andromache of Cilician Thebe.
Athena; Attic Greek: Ἀθηνᾶ, Athēnā, or Ἀθηναία, Athēnaia; Epic: Ἀθηναίη, Athēnaiē; Doric: Ἀθάνα, Athānā or Athene,; Ionic: Ἀθήνη, Athēnē often given the epithet Pallas,; Παλλὰς is the ancient Greek goddess of wisdom, handicraft, and warfare, who was later syncretized with the Roman goddess Minerva.
Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.
In Greek mythology, Atreus (from ἀ-, "no" and τρέω, "tremble", "fearless", Ἀτρεύς) was a king of Mycenae in the Peloponnese, the son of Pelops and Hippodamia, and the father of Agamemnon and Menelaus.
Attica (Αττική, Ancient Greek Attikḗ or; or), or the Attic peninsula, is a historical region that encompasses the city of Athens, the capital of present-day Greece.
Augustus (Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, controlling Imperial Rome from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.
Avlida (Αυλίδα) or Aulis a former municipality in Euboea regional unit, Greece.
Bakırçay (Latin name: Caicus, also Caecus;, transliterated as Kaïkos; formerly Astraeus) is the current name of a river of Asia Minor that rises in the Temnus mountains and flows through Lydia, Mysia, and Aeolis before it debouches into the Elaitic Gulf.
The Battle of Kadesh or Battle of Qadesh took place between the forces of the Egyptian Empire under Ramesses II and the Hittite Empire under Muwatalli II at the city of Kadesh on the Orontes River, just upstream of Lake Homs near the modern Syrian-Lebanese border.
The Bibliotheca (Βιβλιοθήκη Bibliothēkē, "Library"), also known as the Bibliotheca of Pseudo-Apollodorus, is a compendium of Greek myths and heroic legends, arranged in three books, generally dated to the first or second century AD.
A board game is a tabletop game that involves counters or moved or placed on a pre-marked surface or "board", according to a set of rules.
Boeotia, sometimes alternatively Latinised as Boiotia, or Beotia (Βοιωτία,,; modern transliteration Voiotía, also Viotía, formerly Cadmeis), is one of the regional units of Greece.
Giovanni Buonaventura Genelli (28 September 179813 November 1868) was a German painter.
Brisēís (Βρισηΐς,; also known as Hippodameia (Ἱπποδάμεια) was a mythical queen in Asia Minor at the time of the Trojan War. Her character lies at the heart of a dispute between Achilles and Agamemnon that drives the plot of Homer's Iliad.
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
Calabria (Calàbbria in Calabrian; Calavría in Calabrian Greek; Καλαβρία in Greek; Kalavrì in Arbëresh/Albanian), known in antiquity as Bruttium, is a region in Southern Italy.
In Greek mythology, Calchas (Κάλχας Kalkhas, possibly meaning "bronze-man"), son of Thestor, was an Argive seer, with a gift for interpreting the flight of birds that he received of Apollo: "as an augur, Calchas had no rival in the camp".
Calypso (Καλυψώ, Kalypsō) was a nymph in Greek mythology, who lived on the island of Ogygia, where, according to the Odyssey, she detained Odysseus for seven years.
Canosa di Puglia, generally known simply as Canosa (Apulian: Canaus), is a town and comune in Apulia in southern Italy, between Bari and Foggia, located in the province of Barletta-Andria-Trani.
The Carian language is an extinct language of the Luwian subgroup of the Anatolian branch of the Indo-European language family.
The Carians (Κᾶρες, Kares, plural of Κάρ, Kar) were the ancient inhabitants of Caria in southwest Anatolia.
Carthage (from Carthago; Punic:, Qart-ḥadašt, "New City") was the center or capital city of the ancient Carthaginian civilization, on the eastern side of the Lake of Tunis in what is now the Tunis Governorate in Tunisia.
Cassandra or Kassandra (Ancient Greek: Κασσάνδρα,, also Κασάνδρα), also known as Alexandra, was a daughter of King Priam and of Queen Hecuba of Troy in Greek mythology.
Castor and Pollux (or in Greek, Polydeuces) were twin brothers and demigods in Greek and Roman mythology, known together as the Dioscuri.
The Catalogue of Ships (νεῶν κατάλογος, neōn katálogos) is an epic catalogue in Book 2 of Homer's Iliad (2.494-759), which lists the contingents of the Achaean army that sailed to Troy.
The Caucasus or Caucasia is a region located at the border of Europe and Asia, situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and occupied by Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia.
Chrestomathy (from the Ancient Greek “desire of learning”.
Chryse (Χρύση, Khrýsē, "Golden") was a small island in the Aegean Sea mentioned by Homer, Sophocles and Pausanias.
In Greek mythology, Chryseis (translit) was a Trojan woman, the daughter of Chryses.
In Greek mythology, Chryses (Χρύσης Khrúsēs) was a Trojan priest of Apollo at Chryse, near the city of Troy.
Cicones, Ciconians, or Kikonians (Κίκονες, Kíkones) were a Homeric ThracianHerodotus, The Histories (Penguin Classics), edd.
In Greek mythology, Cinyras (Κινύρας – Kinyras) was a famous hero and king of Cyprus.
Circe (Κίρκη Kírkē) is a goddess of magic or sometimes a nymph, witch, enchantress or sorceress in Greek mythology.
Clytemnestra (Κλυταιμνήστρα, Klytaimnḗstra) was the wife of Agamemnon and queen of Mycenae (or sometimes Argos) in ancient Greek legend.
Colchis (კოლხეთი K'olkheti; Greek Κολχίς Kolkhís) was an ancient Georgian kingdom and region on the coast of the Black Sea, centred in present-day western Georgia.
Colophon (Κολοφών) was an ancient city in Ionia.
Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark.
Crete (Κρήτη,; Ancient Greek: Κρήτη, Krḗtē) is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, the 88th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, and Corsica.
In Greek mythology, Creusa (Ancient Greek: Κρέουσα Kreousa "princess") was the daughter of Priam and Hecuba.
In Greek mythology, Cronus, Cronos, or Kronos (or from Κρόνος, Krónos), was the leader and youngest of the first generation of Titans, the divine descendants of Uranus, the sky, and Gaia, the earth.
Crotone (Crotonese: Cutrone or Cutruni) is a city and comune in Calabria.
Cumae ((Kumē) or Κύμαι or Κύμα; Cuma) was an ancient city of Magna Graecia on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea.
In classical mythology, Cupid (Latin Cupīdō, meaning "desire") is the god of desire, erotic love, attraction and affection.
A cyclops (Κύκλωψ, Kyklōps; plural cyclopes; Κύκλωπες, Kyklōpes), in Greek mythology and later Roman mythology, is a member of a primordial race of giants, each with a single eye in the center of his forehead.
In Greek mythology, multiple characters were known as Cycnus (Κύκνος) or Cygnus.
Cyme (Κύμη or Κύμη Αιολίδας, Cyme of Aeolis) (modern Turkish Nemrut Limani) or Cumae was an Aeolian city in Aeolis (Asia Minor) close to the kingdom of Lydia.
The Cypria (Κύπρια Kúpria; Latin: Cypria) is a lost epic poem of ancient Greek literature, which has been attributed to Stasinus and was quite well known in classical antiquity and fixed in a received text, but which subsequently was lost to view.
Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean.
Durante degli Alighieri, commonly known as Dante Alighieri or simply Dante (c. 1265 – 1321), was a major Italian poet of the Late Middle Ages.
The Danube or Donau (known by various names in other languages) is Europe's second longest river, after the Volga.
The Dardanelles (Çanakkale Boğazı, translit), also known from Classical Antiquity as the Hellespont (Ἑλλήσποντος, Hellespontos, literally "Sea of Helle"), is a narrow, natural strait and internationally-significant waterway in northwestern Turkey that forms part of the continental boundary between Europe and Asia, and separates Asian Turkey from European Turkey.
In Greek mythology, Dardanus (Greek: Δάρδανος, Dardanos) was a son of Zeus (in Illyrius) and Electra (daughter of Atlas) and founder of the city of Dardanus at the foot of Mount Ida in the Troad.
Dardanus (Δάρδανος, Dardanos) was an ancient city in the Troad.
In Greek mythology, Deidamia (Δηϊδάμεια, Deidameia) is the daughter of King Lycomedes of Scyros.
In Greek mythology, Deiphobus (Δηίφοβος Deiphobos) was a son of Priam and Hecuba.
The island of Delos (Δήλος; Attic: Δῆλος, Doric: Δᾶλος), near Mykonos, near the centre of the Cyclades archipelago, is one of the most important mythological, historical, and archaeological sites in Greece.
Delphi is famous as the ancient sanctuary that grew rich as the seat of Pythia, the oracle who was consulted about important decisions throughout the ancient classical world.
In Greek mythology, Demophon (Ancient Greek: Δημοφῶν or Δημοφόων) was a king of Athens.
In ancient Roman religion, the Di Penates or Penates were among the dii familiares, or household deities, invoked most often in domestic rituals.
Dicaearchus of Messana (Δικαίαρχος Dikaiarkhos), also written Dicearchus or Dicearch, was a Greek philosopher, cartographer, geographer, mathematician and author.
Dictys (Δίκτυς, Díktus) was a name attributed to four men in Greek mythology.
Dido was, according to ancient Greek and Roman sources, the founder and first queen of Carthage.
Dio Chrysostom (Δίων Χρυσόστομος Dion Chrysostomos), Dion of Prusa or Dio Cocceianus (c. 40 – c. 115 CE), was a Greek orator, writer, philosopher and historian of the Roman Empire in the 1st century.
Diomedes (Jones, Daniel; Roach, Peter, James Hartman and Jane Setter, eds. Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary. 17th edition. Cambridge UP, 2006. or) or Diomede (God-like cunning, advised by Zeus) is a hero in Greek mythology, known for his participation in the Trojan War.
The Dodecanese (Δωδεκάνησα, Dodekánisa, literally "twelve islands") are a group of 15 larger plus 150 smaller Greek islands in the southeastern Aegean Sea, off the coast of Asia Minor (Turkey), of which 26 are inhabited.
Duris of Samos (Δοῦρις ὁ Σάμιος; BCafter 281BC) was a Greek historian and was at some period tyrant of Samos.
Edith Hall (born 1959) is a British scholar of classics, specialising in Ancient Greek Literature and cultural history, and Professor in the Department of Classics and Centre for Hellenic Studies at King's College, London.
Edremit is a district in Balıkesir Province, Turkey, as well as the central city of that district, on the west coast of Turkey, not far from the Greek island of Lesbos.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
In Greek mythology, Elektra (Ēlektra "amber") was the daughter of King Agamemnon and Queen Clytemnestra, and thus princess of Argos.
Elysium or the Elysian Fields (Ἠλύσιον πεδίον., Ēlýsion pedíon) is a conception of the afterlife that developed over time and was maintained by some Greek religious and philosophical sects and cults.
In Greek mythology, Eos (Ionic and Homeric Greek Ἠώς Ēōs, Attic Ἕως Éōs, "dawn", or; Aeolic Αὔως Aúōs, Doric Ἀώς Āṓs) is a Titaness and the goddess of the dawn, who rose each morning from her home at the edge of the Oceanus.
There were two characters named Epeius (Ἐπειός) or Epeus in Greek mythology.
Ephorus of Cyme (Ἔφορος ὁ Κυμαῖος, Ephoros ho Kymaios; c. 400 – 330 BC), often named in conjunction with his birthplace Cyme, Aeolia, was an ancient Greek historian.
The Epic Cycle (Ἐπικὸς Κύκλος, Epikos Kyklos) was a collection of Ancient Greek epic poems, composed in dactylic hexameter and related to the story of the Trojan War, including the Cypria, the Aethiopis, the so-called Little Iliad, the Iliupersis, the Nostoi, and the Telegony.
Epirus is a geographical and historical region in southeastern Europe, now shared between Greece and Albania.
Eratosthenes of Cyrene (Ἐρατοσθένης ὁ Κυρηναῖος,; –) was a Greek mathematician, geographer, poet, astronomer, and music theorist.
In Greek mythology the Erinyes (sing. Erinys; Ἐρῑνύες, pl. of Ἐρῑνύς, Erinys), also known as the Furies, were female chthonic deities of vengeance; they were sometimes referred to as "infernal goddesses" (χθόνιαι θεαί).
Eris (Ἔρις, "Strife") is the Greek goddess of strife and discord.
In Greek mythology, Eros (Ἔρως, "Desire") was the Greek god of sexual attraction.
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
Euboea or Evia; Εύβοια, Evvoia,; Εὔβοια, Eúboia) is the second-largest Greek island in area and population, after Crete. The narrow Euripus Strait separates it from Boeotia in mainland Greece. In general outline it is a long and narrow island; it is about long, and varies in breadth from to. Its geographic orientation is from northwest to southeast, and it is traversed throughout its length by a mountain range, which forms part of the chain that bounds Thessaly on the east, and is continued south of Euboea in the lofty islands of Andros, Tinos and Mykonos. It forms most of the regional unit of Euboea, which also includes Skyros and a small area of the Greek mainland.
In Greek mythology, Eumaeus (Εὔμαιος, Eumaios) was Odysseus's swineherd and friend.
Euripides (Εὐριπίδης) was a tragedian of classical Athens.
In Greek mythology, Europa (Εὐρώπη, Eurṓpē) was the mother of King Minos of Crete, a woman with Phoenician origin of high lineage, and after whom the continent Europe was named.
In Greek mythology, Eurypylus ("Broadgate") (Εὐρύπυλος Eurypylos) was the son of Telephus, king of Mysia.
Eutychius Proclus (Εὐτύχιος Πρόκλος, Eutychios Proklos, or Tuticius Proculus in some sources) was a grammarian who flourished in the 2nd century CE.
Frank Calvert (1828–1908) was an English expatriate who was a consular official in the eastern Mediterranean region and an amateur archaeologist.
Fresco (plural frescos or frescoes) is a technique of mural painting executed upon freshly laid, or wet lime plaster.
In ancient Rome, a gens, plural gentes, was a family consisting of all those individuals who shared the same nomen and claimed descent from a common ancestor.
Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 – 25 October 1400), known as the Father of English literature, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages.
Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, gē, i.e. "earth" and -λoγία, -logia, i.e. "study of, discourse") is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time.
Geology is a peer-reviewed publication of the Geological Society of America (GSA).
The golden apple is an element that appears in various national and ethnic folk legends or fairy tales.
Greek art began in the Cycladic and Minoan civilization, and gave birth to Western classical art in the subsequent Geometric, Archaic and Classical periods (with further developments during the Hellenistic Period).
Greek literature dates from ancient Greek literature, beginning in 800 BC, to the modern Greek literature of today.
Greek mythology is the body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices.
Greek tragedy is a form of theatre from Ancient Greece and Asia Minor.
In mythology, the Greek underworld is an otherworld where souls go after death.
The Greeks or Hellenes (Έλληνες, Éllines) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, southern Albania, Italy, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world.. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered on the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age.. Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople. Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization. The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Thessalonica, Alexandria, Smyrna, and Constantinople at various periods. Most ethnic Greeks live nowadays within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church.CIA World Factbook on Greece: Greek Orthodox 98%, Greek Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%. Greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, arts, exploration, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, science and technology, business, cuisine, and sports, both historically and contemporarily.
Hades (ᾍδης Háidēs) was the ancient Greek chthonic god of the underworld, which eventually took his name.
The Halizones (Greek Ἁλιζῶνες, also Halizonians, Alizones or Alazones) are an obscure people that appear in Homer's Iliad as allies of Troy during the Trojan War.
Hecate or Hekate (Ἑκάτη, Hekátē) is a goddess in ancient Greek religion and mythology, most often shown holding a pair of torches or a keyThe Running Maiden from Eleusis and the Early Classical Image of Hekate by Charles M. Edwards in the American Journal of Archaeology, Vol.
In ancient Greece, a hecatomb (or; ἑκατόμβη hekatómbē) was a sacrifice to the gods of 100 cattle (hekaton.
In Greek mythology and Roman mythology, Hector (Ἕκτωρ Hektōr) was a Trojan prince and the greatest fighter for Troy in the Trojan War.
Louis-Hector Berlioz; 11 December 1803 – 8 March 1869) was a French Romantic composer, best known for his compositions Symphonie fantastique, Harold en Italie, Roméo et Juliette, Grande messe des morts (Requiem), L'Enfance du Christ, Benvenuto Cellini, La Damnation de Faust, and Les Troyens. Berlioz made significant contributions to the modern orchestra with his Treatise on Instrumentation. He specified huge orchestral forces for some of his works, and conducted several concerts with more than 1,000 musicians. He also composed around 50 compositions for voice, accompanied by piano or orchestra. His influence was critical for the further development of Romanticism, especially in composers like Richard Wagner, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Franz Liszt, Richard Strauss, and Gustav Mahler.
Hecuba (also Hecabe, Hécube; Ἑκάβη Hekábē) was a queen in Greek mythology, the wife of King Priam of Troy during the Trojan War, with whom she had 19 children.
Heinrich Schliemann (6 January 1822 – 26 December 1890) was a German businessman and a pioneer in the field of archaeology.
In Greek mythology, Helen of Troy (Ἑλένη, Helénē), also known as Helen of Sparta, or simply Helen, was said to have been the most beautiful woman in the world, who was married to King Menelaus of Sparta, but was kidnapped by Prince Paris of Troy, resulting in the Trojan War when the Achaeans set out to reclaim her and bring her back to Sparta.
Helen of Troy is a 1956 Warner Bros. WarnerColor epic film in CinemaScope, based on Homer's Iliad and Odyssey.
In Greek mythology, Helenus (Ἕλενος, Helenos, Helenus) was the son of King Priam and Queen Hecuba of Troy, and the twin brother of the prophetess Cassandra.
Helios (Ἥλιος Hēlios; Latinized as Helius; Ἠέλιος in Homeric Greek) is the god and personification of the Sun in Greek mythology.
Hellanicus (or Hellanikos) of Lesbos (Greek: Ἑλλάνικος ὁ Λέσβιος, Ἑllánikos ὁ Lésvios), also called Hellanicus of Mytilene (Greek: Ἑλλάνικος ὁ Μυτιληναῖος, Ἑllánikos ὁ Mutilēnaῖos) was an ancient Greek logographer who flourished during the latter half of the 5th century BC.
Hephaestus (eight spellings; Ἥφαιστος Hēphaistos) is the Greek god of blacksmiths, metalworking, carpenters, craftsmen, artisans, sculptors, metallurgy, fire, and volcanoes.
Hera (Ἥρᾱ, Hērā; Ἥρη, Hērē in Ionic and Homeric Greek) is the goddess of women, marriage, family, and childbirth in Ancient Greek religion and myth, one of the Twelve Olympians and the sister-wife of Zeus.
Heracles (Ἡρακλῆς, Hēraklês, Glory/Pride of Hēra, "Hera"), born Alcaeus (Ἀλκαῖος, Alkaios) or Alcides (Ἀλκείδης, Alkeidēs), was a divine hero in Greek mythology, the son of Zeus and Alcmene, foster son of AmphitryonBy his adoptive descent through Amphitryon, Heracles receives the epithet Alcides, as "of the line of Alcaeus", father of Amphitryon.
Hermes (Ἑρμῆς) is an Olympian god in Greek religion and mythology, the son of Zeus and the Pleiad Maia, and the second youngest of the Olympian gods (Dionysus being the youngest).
In Greek mythology, Hermione (Ἑρμιόνη) was the only child of King Menelaus of Sparta and his wife, Helen of Troy.
Herodotus (Ἡρόδοτος, Hêródotos) was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus in the Persian Empire (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (484– 425 BC), a contemporary of Thucydides, Socrates, and Euripides.
Hesiod (or; Ἡσίοδος Hēsíodos) was a Greek poet generally thought by scholars to have been active between 750 and 650 BC, around the same time as Homer.
In Greek mythology and later art, the name Hesione refers to various mythological figures, of whom the Trojan princess Hesione is most known.
In Classical Greek mythology, Hippolyta (Ἱππολύτη Hippolyte) was the Amazonian queen who possessed a magical girdle that was given to her by her father, Ares, the god of war.
Hisarlik (Turkish: Hisarlık, "Place of Fortresses"), often spelled Hissarlik, is the modern name for the generally agreed-upon site of ancient Troy, also known as Ilion, and is located in what is now Turkey (historically Anatolia) near to the modern city of Çanakkale.
The Hittites were an Ancient Anatolian people who played an important role in establishing an empire centered on Hattusa in north-central Anatolia around 1600 BC.
Homer (Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is the name ascribed by the ancient Greeks to the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature.
In Greek and Roman mythology, Iapyx (from Greek Ἰάπυξ, gen.: Ἰάπυγος), Iapux or Iapis was a favorite of Apollo.
In Greek mythology, Idomeneus (Ἰδομενεύς) was a Cretan commander, father of Orsilochus, Cleisithyra and Iphiclus, son of Deucalion and Cleopatra, grandson of Minos and king of Crete.
The Iliad (Ἰλιάς, in Classical Attic; sometimes referred to as the Song of Ilion or Song of Ilium) is an ancient Greek epic poem in dactylic hexameter, traditionally attributed to Homer.
The Iliupersis (Greek: Ἰλίου πέρσις, Iliou persis, "Sack of Ilium"), also known as The Sack of Troy, is a lost epic of ancient Greek literature.
Imbros or İmroz, officially changed to Gökçeada since 29 July 1970,Alexis Alexandris, "The Identity Issue of The Minorities In Greece An Turkey", in Hirschon, Renée (ed.), Crossing the Aegean: An Appraisal of the 1923 Compulsory Population Exchange Between Greece and Turkey, Berghahn Books, 2003, (older name in Turkish: İmroz; Greek: Ίμβρος Imvros), is the largest island of Turkey and the seat of Gökçeada District of Çanakkale Province.
Io (Ἰώ) was, in Greek mythology, one of the mortal lovers of Zeus.
In Greek mythology, Iphigenia (Ἰφιγένεια, Iphigeneia) was a daughter of King Agamemnon and Queen Clytemnestra, and thus a princess of Mycenae.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Ithaca, Ithaki or Ithaka (Greek: Ιθάκη, Ithakē) is a Greek island located in the Ionian Sea, off the northeast coast of Kefalonia and to the west of continental Greece.
Jason (Ἰάσων Iásōn) was an ancient Greek mythological hero who was the leader of the Argonauts whose quest for the Golden Fleece featured in Greek literature.
John Tzetzes (Ἰωάννης Τζέτζης, Ioánnis Tzétzis; c. 1110, Constantinople – 1180, Constantinople) was a Byzantine poet and grammarian who is known to have lived at Constantinople in the 12th century.
John Victor Luce (21 May 1920 – 11 February 2011) was an Irish classicist, former professor and emeritus Fellow of Classics at Trinity College, Dublin.
Joost van den Vondel (17 November 1587 – 5 February 1679) was a Dutch poet, writer and playwright.
The Julio-Claudian dynasty was the first Roman imperial dynasty, consisting of the first five emperors—Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero—or the family to which they belonged.
Gaius Julius Caesar (12 or 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known by his cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.
Katabasis or catabasis (κατάβασις, from κατὰ "down" and βαίνω "go") is a descent of some type, such as moving downhill, the sinking of the winds or sun, a military retreat, a trip to the underworld, or a trip from the interior of a country down to the coast.
Klazomenai (Κλαζομεναί) or Clazomenae was an ancient Greek city on the coast of Ionia and a member of the Ionian League.
Laocoön (Λαοκόων), the son of Acoetes, is a figure in Greek and Roman mythology and the Epic Cycle.
In Greek mythology, Laomedon (Λαομέδων) was a Trojan king, son of Ilus, nephew of Ganymede and Assaracus, and father of Priam, Astyoche, Lampus, Hicetaon, Clytius, Cilla, Proclia, Aethilla, Medesicaste, Clytodora, and Hesione.
Lares (archaic Lases, singular Lar), were guardian deities in ancient Roman religion.
Latin literature includes the essays, histories, poems, plays, and other writings written in the Latin language.
Latinus (Lătīnŭs; Λατῖνος) was a figure in both Greek and Roman mythology.
In Roman mythology, Lavinia (Lāuīnĭa) is the daughter of Latinus and Amata and the last wife of Aeneas.
In Greek mythology, Leda (Λήδα) was an Aetolian princess who became a Spartan queen.
Lemnos (Λήμνος) is a Greek island in the northern part of the Aegean Sea.
Les Troyens (in English: The Trojans) is a French grand opera in five acts by Hector Berlioz.
Lesbos (Λέσβος), or Lezbolar in Turkish sometimes referred to as Mytilene after its capital, is a Greek island located in the northeastern Aegean Sea.
This is a list of historians.
The Little Iliad (Greek: Ἰλιὰς μικρά, Ilias mikra; parva Illias) is a lost epic of ancient Greek literature.
The Loeb Classical Library (LCL; named after James Loeb) is a series of books, today published by Harvard University Press, which presents important works of ancient Greek and Latin literature in a way designed to make the text accessible to the broadest possible audience, by presenting the original Greek or Latin text on each left-hand page, and a fairly literal translation on the facing page.
The Lusus Troiae, also as Ludus Troiae and ludicrum Troiae ("Troy Game" or "Game of Troy") was an equestrian event held in ancient Rome.
In Greek mythology, as recorded in Homer's Iliad, Lycaon (Λυκάων; gen.: Λυκάονος) was a son of Priam and Laothoe, daughter of the Lelegian king Altes.
Lycia (Lycian: 𐊗𐊕𐊐𐊎𐊆𐊖 Trm̃mis; Λυκία, Lykía; Likya) was a geopolitical region in Anatolia in what are now the provinces of Antalya and Muğla on the southern coast of Turkey, and Burdur Province inland.
The name Lycomedes (Λυκομήδης) may refer to several characters in Greek mythology, of whom the most prominent was the king of Scyros during the Trojan War.
Lycus or Lykos (Λύκος "wolf") is the name of multiple people in Greek mythology.
Lydia (Assyrian: Luddu; Λυδία, Lydía; Lidya) was an Iron Age kingdom of western Asia Minor located generally east of ancient Ionia in the modern western Turkish provinces of Uşak, Manisa and inland İzmir.
Macedonia or Macedon (Μακεδονία, Makedonía) was an ancient kingdom on the periphery of Archaic and Classical Greece, and later the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece.
In Greek mythology, Machaon (Μᾰχάων, Makhāōn) was a son of Asclepius; with his brother Podalirius, he led an army from Thessaly in the Trojan War on the side of the Greeks.
In Greek mythology, Medea (Μήδεια, Mēdeia, მედეა) was the daughter of King Aeëtes of Colchis, niece of Circe, granddaughter of the sun god Helios.
In mythology and history, there were at least eight men named Medon (Μέδων, gen.: Μέδοντος).
Megara (Μέγαρα) is a historic town and a municipality in West Attica, Greece.
Melvyn Bragg, Baron Bragg, (born 6 October 1939), is an English broadcaster, author and parliamentarian.
In Greek mythology, Memnon (Μέμνων) was an Ethiopian king and son of Tithonus and Eos.
In Greek mythology, Menelaus (Μενέλαος, Menelaos, from μένος "vigor, rage, power" and λαός "people," "wrath of the people") was a king of Mycenaean (pre-Dorian) Sparta, the husband of Helen of Troy, and the son of Atreus and Aerope.
Metapontum or Metapontium (Metapontion) was an important city of Magna Graecia, situated on the gulf of Tarentum, between the river Bradanus and the Casuentus (modern Basento).
Michael David Wood (born 23 July 1948) is an English historian and broadcaster.
The Milawata letter (CTH 182) is a diplomatic correspondence from a Hittite king at Hattusa to a client king in western Anatolia around 1240 BC.
Miletus (Milētos; Hittite transcription Millawanda or Milawata (exonyms); Miletus; Milet) was an ancient Greek city on the western coast of Anatolia, near the mouth of the Maeander River in ancient Caria.
Mimas is a Greek mythological character who appears in Virgil's Aeneid.
According to Greek mythology and legendary prehistory of the Aegean region, the Minyans (Μινύες, Minyes) were an autochthonous group inhabiting the Aegean region.
In Greek and Roman mythology, Misenus (Μισηνός) was a name attributed to two individuals.
The Molossians were an ancient Greek tribe and kingdom that inhabited the region of Epirus since the Mycenaean era.
Momus (Μῶμος Momos) was in Greek mythology the personification of satire and mockery, two stories about whom figure among Aesop’s Fables.
In Greek mythology, two sacred mountains are called Mount Ida, the "Mountain of the Goddess": Mount Ida in Crete; and Mount Ida in the ancient Troad region of western Anatolia (in modern-day Turkey) which was also known as the Phrygian Ida in classical antiquity and is the mountain that is mentioned in the Iliad of Homer and the Aeneid of Virgil.
Mycenae (Greek: Μυκῆναι Mykēnai or Μυκήνη Mykēnē) is an archaeological site near Mykines in Argolis, north-eastern Peloponnese, Greece.
Mycenaean Greece (or Mycenaean civilization) was the last phase of the Bronze Age in Ancient Greece, spanning the period from approximately 1600–1100 BC.
Mykonos (Μύκονος) is a Greek island, part of the Cyclades, lying between Tinos, Syros, Paros and Naxos.
Mysia (UK, US or; Μυσία, Mysia, Misya) was a region in the northwest of ancient Asia Minor (Anatolia, Asian part of modern Turkey).
In Greek mythology, Nauplius (Ναύπλιος, "Seafarer") is the name of one (or more) mariner heroes.
In the ancient Greek religion, Nemesis (Νέμεσις), also called Rhamnousia or Rhamnusia ("the goddess of Rhamnous"), was the goddess who enacted retribution against those who succumb to hubris (arrogance before the gods).
Neoptolemus (Greek: Νεοπτόλεμος, Neoptolemos, "new warrior"), also called Pyrrhus (Πύρρος, Pyrrhos, "red", for his red hair), was the son of the warrior Achilles and the princess Deidamia in Greek mythology, and also the mythical progenitor of the ruling dynasty of the Molossians of ancient Epirus.
In Greek mythology, Nephele (Νεφέλη, from νέφος nephos "cloud"; Latinized to Nubes) was a cloud nymph who figured prominently in the story of Phrixus and Helle.
Nestor of Gerenia (Νέστωρ Γερήνιος, Nestōr Gerēnios) was the wise King of Pylos described in Homer's Odyssey.
The Nostoi (Νόστοι, Nostoi, "Returns"), also known as Returns or Returns of the Greeks, is a lost epic of ancient Greek literature.
Odysseus (Ὀδυσσεύς, Ὀδυσεύς, Ὀdysseús), also known by the Latin variant Ulysses (Ulixēs), is a legendary Greek king of Ithaca and the hero of Homer's epic poem the Odyssey.
The Odyssey (Ὀδύσσεια Odýsseia, in Classical Attic) is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer.
Ogygia (Ὠγυγίη Ōgygíē, or Ὠγυγία Ōgygia) is an island mentioned in Homer's Odyssey, Book V, as the home of the nymph Calypso, the daughter of the Titan Atlas, also known as Atlantis (Ατλαντίς) in ancient Greek.
Oral tradition, or oral lore, is a form of human communication where in knowledge, art, ideas and cultural material is received, preserved and transmitted orally from one generation to another.
In Greek mythology, Orestes (Ὀρέστης) was the son of Clytemnestra and Agamemnon.
An origin myth is a myth that purports to describe the origin of some feature of the natural or social world.
Publius Ovidius Naso (20 March 43 BC – 17/18 AD), known as Ovid in the English-speaking world, was a Roman poet who lived during the reign of Augustus.
In antiquity, Paeonia or Paionia (Παιονία) was the land and kingdom of the Paeonians (Παίονες).
In Greek mythology, Palamedes (Παλαμήδης) was the son of Nauplius and Clymene.
In Greek and Roman mythology, the palladium or palladion was a cult image of great antiquity on which the safety of Troy and later Rome was said to depend, the wooden statue (xoanon) of Pallas Athena that Odysseus and Diomedes stole from the citadel of Troy and which was later taken to the future site of Rome by Aeneas.
Pandarus or Pandar (Πάνδαρος, Pándaros) is a Trojan aristocrat who appears in stories about the Trojan War.
A panorama (formed from Greek πᾶν "all" + ὅραμα "sight") is any wide-angle view or representation of a physical space, whether in painting, drawing, photography, film, seismic images or a three-dimensional model.
The Parian Chronicle or Parian Marble (Marmor Parium, Mar. Par.) is a Greek chronology, covering the years from 1582 BC to 299 BC, inscribed on a stele.
Paris (Πάρις), also known as Alexander (Ἀλέξανδρος, Aléxandros), the son of King Priam and Queen Hecuba of Troy, appears in a number of Greek legends.
In Greek mythology, as recorded in Homer's Iliad, Patroclus (Πάτροκλος, Pátroklos, "glory of the father") was the son of Menoetius, grandson of Actor, King of Opus.
Pausanias (Παυσανίας Pausanías; c. AD 110 – c. 180) was a Greek traveler and geographer of the second century AD, who lived in the time of Roman emperors Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius.
Pedasus (Greek: Πήδασος) has been identified with several personal and place names in Greek history and mythology.
The name Pelasgians (Πελασγοί, Pelasgoí, singular: Πελασγός, Pelasgós) was used by classical Greek writers to either refer to populations that were the ancestors or forerunners of the Greeks, or to signify all pre-classical indigenes of Greece.
In Greek mythology, Peleus (Πηλεύς, Pēleus) was a hero whose myth was already known to the hearers of Homer in the late 8th century BC.
The Peloponnese or Peloponnesus (Πελοπόννησος, Peloponnisos) is a peninsula and geographic region in southern Greece.
In Greek mythology, Pelops (Greek: Πέλοψ), was king of Pisa in the Peloponnesus.
In Homer's Odyssey, Penelope (Πηνελόπεια, Pēnelópeia, or Πηνελόπη, Pēnelópē) is the wife of Odysseus, who is known for her fidelity to Odysseus while he was absent, despite having many suitors.
The penteconter, alt.
Penthesilea (Πενθεσίλεια, Penthesileia) was an Amazonian queen in Greek mythology, the daughter of Ares and Otrera and the sister of Hippolyta, Antiope and Melanippe.
Percote was a town or city on the southern (Asian) side of the Hellespont, to the northeast of Troy.
Petilia was a city name found in some ancient works of the classical antiquity.
Phalerum (Ancient Greek: Φάληρον, Phálēron; Modern Greek: Φάληρο, Fáliro) was a port of Ancient Athens, 5 km southwest of the Acropolis of Athens, on a bay of the Saronic Gulf.
In Homer's epic poem the Odyssey, Phemius (translit) is an Ithacan poet who performs narrative songs in the house of the absent Odysseus.
Philoctetes (Φιλοκτήτης, Philoktētēs; English pronunciation:, stressed on the third syllable, -tet-), or Philocthetes, according to Greek mythology, was the son of King Poeas of Meliboea in Thessaly.
Phocaea, or Phokaia (Ancient Greek: Φώκαια, Phókaia; modern-day Foça in Turkey) was an ancient Ionian Greek city on the western coast of Anatolia.
Phoenicia (or; from the Φοινίκη, meaning "purple country") was a thalassocratic ancient Semitic civilization that originated in the Eastern Mediterranean and in the west of the Fertile Crescent.
In Greek mythology, Phoenix (Φοῖνιξ Phoinix, gen. Φοίνικος Phoinikos), son of Amyntor and Cleobule, is one of the Myrmidons led by Achilles in the Trojan War.
In Antiquity, Phrygia (Φρυγία, Phrygía, modern pronunciation Frygía; Frigya) was first a kingdom in the west central part of Anatolia, in what is now Asian Turkey, centered on the Sangarios River, later a region, often part of great empires.
The Phrygians (gr. Φρύγες, Phruges or Phryges) were an ancient Indo-European people, initially dwelling in the southern Balkans – according to Herodotus – under the name of Bryges (Briges), changing it to Phryges after their final migration to Anatolia, via the Hellespont.
Phylace (Φυλάκη) was a Thessalian city west of the Gulf of Pagasae.
Piraeus (Πειραιάς Pireás, Πειραιεύς, Peiraieús) is a port city in the region of Attica, Greece.
In Greek mythology, Pisidice (Πεισιδίκη, Peisidíkē) or Peisidice, was one of the following individuals.
A playwright or dramatist (rarely dramaturge) is a person who writes plays.
In Greek mythology, Podalirius or Podaleirius (Ποδαλείριος) was a son of Asclepius.
In Greek mythology, Podarces (Ποδάρκης) was a son of Iphicles and brother of Protesilaus.
Polydorus (Polydoros; Πολύδωρος) is the youngest son of Priam and Hecuba in the mythology of the Trojan War.
In Greek mythology, Polymestor or Polymnestor (Πολυμ(ν)ήστωρ) was a King of Thrace.
Polyphemus (Πολύφημος Polyphēmos) is the giant son of Poseidon and Thoosa in Greek mythology, one of the Cyclopes described in Homer's Odyssey.
In Greek mythology, Polyxena (Greek: Πολυξένη) was the youngest daughter of King Priam of Troy and his queen, Hecuba.
Poseidon (Ποσειδῶν) was one of the Twelve Olympians in ancient Greek religion and myth.
The Posthomerica (τὰ μεθ᾿ Ὅμηρον, transliterated as "tà meth᾿ Hómēron") is an epic poem by Quintus of Smyrna, probably written in the latter half of the 4th century, and telling the story of the Trojan War, between the death of Hector and the fall of Ilium.
Pottery is the ceramic material which makes up pottery wares, of which major types include earthenware, stoneware and porcelain.
The Principate is the name sometimes given to the first period of the Roman Empire from the beginning of the reign of Augustus in 27 BC to the end of the Crisis of the Third Century in 284 AD, after which it evolved into the so-called Dominate.
In Greek mythology, Prometheus (Προμηθεύς,, meaning "forethought") is a Titan, culture hero, and trickster figure who is credited with the creation of man from clay, and who defies the gods by stealing fire and giving it to humanity, an act that enabled progress and civilization.
A prophecy is a message that is claimed by a prophet to have been communicated to them by a god.
In Greek mythology, Protesilaus (Πρωτεσίλᾱος, Prōtesilāos) was a hero in the Iliad who was venerated at cult sites in Thessaly and Thrace.
In Greek mythology, Proteus (Ancient Greek: Πρωτεύς) is an early sea-god or god of rivers and oceanic bodies of water, one of several deities whom Homer calls the "Old Man of the Sea".
The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 BC to 146 BC.
The Pythia (Πῡθίᾱ) was the name of the high priestess of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi who also served as the oracle, commonly known as the Oracle of Delphi.
Quintus Smyrnaeus or Quintus of Smyrna, also known as Kointos Smyrnaios (Κόϊντος Σμυρναῖος), was a Greek epic poet whose Posthomerica, following "after Homer" continues the narration of the Trojan War.
Roman mythology is the body of traditional stories pertaining to ancient Rome's legendary origins and religious system, as represented in the literature and visual arts of the Romans.
Romulus was the legendary founder and first king of Rome.
In Roman mythology, Romulus and Remus are twin brothers, whose story tells the events that led to the founding of the city of Rome and the Roman Kingdom by Romulus.
Salamis (Σαλαμίνα Salamína, Ancient and Katharevousa: Σαλαμίς Salamís), is the largest Greek island in the Saronic Gulf, about 1 nautical mile (2 km) off-coast from Piraeus and about west of Athens.
Sarpedon (Σαρπηδών, Sarpēdṓn) was a common name in ancient Greece and in the Roman Empire.
Scamander, Skamandros (Ancient Greek: Σκάμανδρος) Xanthos (Ξάνθος), was the name of a river god in Greek mythology.
Scheria (Σχερίη or Σχερία)—also known as Scherie or Phaeacia—was a region in Greek mythology, first mentioned in Homer's Odyssey as the home of the Phaeacians and the last destination of Odysseus in his 10-year journey before returning home to Ithaca.
Sestos (Σηστός) or Sestus was an ancient Greek town of the Thracian Chersonese, the modern Gallipoli peninsula in European Turkey.
A shepherd or sheepherder is a person who tends, herds, feeds, or guards herds of sheep.
The sibyls were women that the ancient Greeks believed were oracles.
Side (Σίδη) is an ancient Greek city on the southern Mediterranean coast of Turkey, a resort town and one of the best-known classical sites in the country.
Sidon (صيدا, صيدون,; French: Saida; Phoenician: 𐤑𐤃𐤍, Ṣīdūn; Biblical Hebrew:, Ṣīḏōn; Σιδών), translated to 'fishery' or 'fishing-town', is the third-largest city in Lebanon.
A siege is a military blockade of a city, or fortress, with the intent of conquering by attrition, or a well-prepared assault.
In Roman mythology, Silvius, or Sylvius, (Latin: Silvǐus; Greek: Σιλούιος; said to have reigned 1139-1110 BC), or Silvius Postumus, was either the son of Aeneas and Lavinia or the son of Ascanius.
In Greek mythology, Sinon (Greek: "Σίνων", from the verb "σίνομαι"—sinomai, "to harm, to hurt") a son of Aesimus (son of Autolycus), or of the crafty Sisyphus, was a Greek warrior during the Trojan War.
Skyros (Greek: Σκύρος) is an island in Greece, the southernmost of the Sporades, an archipelago in the Aegean Sea.
Smyrna (Ancient Greek: Σμύρνη, Smýrni or Σμύρνα, Smýrna) was a Greek city dating back to antiquity located at a central and strategic point on the Aegean coast of Anatolia.
Snake Island (Greek Φιδονήσι Fidonísi), also known as Serpent Island (Insula Șerpilor, Зміїний, Змеиный), is an island located in the Black Sea, near the Danube Delta.
Sophocles (Σοφοκλῆς, Sophoklēs,; 497/6 – winter 406/5 BC)Sommerstein (2002), p. 41.
Sosibius (Σωσίβιoς; lived 3rd century BC) was the chief minister of Ptolemy Philopator (221–203 BC), king of Egypt.
Southern Italy or Mezzogiorno (literally "midday") is a macroregion of Italy traditionally encompassing the territories of the former Kingdom of the two Sicilies (all the southern section of the Italian Peninsula and Sicily), with the frequent addition of the island of Sardinia.
Sparta (Doric Greek: Σπάρτα, Spártā; Attic Greek: Σπάρτη, Spártē) was a prominent city-state in ancient Greece.
Stesichorus (Στησίχορος, Stēsikhoros; c. 630 – 555 BC) was the first great lyric poet of the West.
Strabo (Στράβων Strábōn; 64 or 63 BC AD 24) was a Greek geographer, philosopher, and historian who lived in Asia Minor during the transitional period of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire.
In Greek mythology, Styx (Στύξ) is a deity and a river that forms the boundary between Earth and the Underworld, often called "Hades" which is also the name of its ruler.
Susa (fa Šuš;; שׁוּשָׁן Šušān; Greek: Σοῦσα; ܫܘܫ Šuš; Old Persian Çūšā) was an ancient city of the Proto-Elamite, Elamite, First Persian Empire, Seleucid, Parthian, and Sasanian empires of Iran, and one of the most important cities of the Ancient Near East.
Swans are birds of the family Anatidae within the genus Cygnus.
A Tabula Iliaca ("Iliadic table") is a generic label for a calculation of the days of the Iliad, probably by Zenodotus, of which twenty-two fragmentary examples are now known.
The Tawagalawa letter (CTH 181) was written by a Hittite king (generally accepted as Hattusili III) to a king of Ahhiyawa around 1250 BC.
The name Tecmessa (Ancient Greek: Τέκμησσα, Tékmēssa) refers to the following characters in Greek mythology.
In Greek mythology, Telamon (Ancient Greek: Τελαμών) was the son of King Aeacus of Aegina, and Endeïs, a mountain nymph.
Telegonus (Greek: Τηλέγονος, "born afar") is the name of three different characters in Greek mythology.
The Telegony (Greek: Τηλεγόνεια, Tēlegoneia; Telegonia) is a lost ancient Greek epic poem about Telegonus, son of Odysseus by Circe.
Telemachus (Τηλέμαχος, Tēlemakhos, literally "far-fighter") is a figure in Greek mythology, the son of Odysseus and Penelope, and a central character in Homer's Odyssey.
In Greek mythology, Telephus (Τήλεφος, Tēlephos, "far-shining") was the son of Heracles and Auge, daughter of king Aleus of Tegea; and the father of Eurypylus.
Tenedos (Tenedhos) or Bozcaada (Bozcaada) is an island of Turkey in the northeastern part of the Aegean Sea.
In Greek mythology, Tenes or Tennes (Τέννης) was the eponymous hero of the island of Tenedos.
In Greek mythology, Teucer, also Teucrus, Teucros or Teucris (Τεῦκρος, Teῦkros), was the son of King Telamon of Salamis Island and Hesione, daughter of King Laomedon of Troy.
The Trojan Horse (La guerra di troia) is a 1961 film set in the tenth and final year of the Trojan War.
The Trojan Women (Τρῳάδες, Trōiades), also known as Troades, is a tragedy by the Greek playwright Euripides.
Themis (Ancient Greek: Θέμις) is an ancient Greek Titaness.
In Greek mythology, the name Thersander (Θέρσανδρος "bold man" derived from θέρσος thersos "boldness, braveness" and ανδρος andros "of a man") refers to several distinct characters.
In Greek mythology, Thersites (Greek: Θερσίτης) was a soldier of the Greek army during the Trojan War.
Theseus (Θησεύς) was the mythical king and founder-hero of Athens.
Thetis (Θέτις), is a figure from Greek mythology with varying mythological roles.
Thrace (Modern Θράκη, Thráki; Тракия, Trakiya; Trakya) is a geographical and historical area in southeast Europe, now split between Bulgaria, Greece and Turkey, which is bounded by the Balkan Mountains to the north, the Aegean Sea to the south and the Black Sea to the east.
Thrinakia (Θρινακία), also called Trinacria or Tarnationus, is the island home of Helios's cattle in Book XII of Homer's Odyssey, guarded by Helios' daughters Lampetia and Phaethusa.
Thucydides (Θουκυδίδης,, Ancient Attic:; BC) was an Athenian historian and general.
Thurii (Thoúrioi), called also by some Latin writers Thurium (compare Θούριον in Ptolemy), for a time also Copia and Copiae, was a city of Magna Graecia, situated on the Tarentine gulf, within a short distance of the site of Sybaris, whose place it may be considered as having taken.
In Greek mythology, Thyestes (pronounced, Θυέστης) was the son of Pelops and Hippodamia.
The Tiber (Latin Tiberis, Italian Tevere) is the third-longest river in Italy, rising in the Apennine Mountains in Emilia-Romagna and flowing through Tuscany, Umbria and Lazio, where it is joined by the river Aniene, to the Tyrrhenian Sea, between Ostia and Fiumicino.
Timaeus (Τιμαῖος; c. 345 BC – c. 250 BC) was an ancient Greek historian.
Tinos (Τήνος) is a Greek island situated in the Aegean Sea.
In Greek mythology, Tiresias (Τειρεσίας, Teiresias) was a blind prophet of Apollo in Thebes, famous for clairvoyance and for being transformed into a woman for seven years.
In Greek mythology, Tithonus (or; Tithonos) was the lover of Eos, Goddess of the Dawn.
Topography is the study of the shape and features of the surface of the Earth and other observable astronomical objects including planets, moons, and asteroids.
The Troada or Troad (Anglicized; or; Τρωάδα, Troáda), or Troas (Τρωάς, Troás), is the historical name of the Biga Peninsula (modern Turkish: Biga Yarımadası) in the northwestern part of Anatolia, Turkey.
Troilus (or; Troïlos; Troilus) is a legendary character associated with the story of the Trojan War.
Troilus and Cressida is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written in 1602.
Troilus and Criseyde is an epic poem by Geoffrey Chaucer which re-tells in Middle English the tragic story of the lovers Troilus and Criseyde set against a backdrop of war during the Siege of Troy.
The Trojan Battle Order or Trojan Catalogue is an epic catalogue in the second book of the Iliad listing the allied contingents that fought for Troy in the Trojan War.
The Trojan Horse is a tale from the Trojan War about the subterfuge that the Greeks used to enter the independent city of Troy and win the war.
The language spoken by the Trojans in the Iliad is Homeric Greek.
Troy (Τροία, Troia or Τροίας, Troias and Ἴλιον, Ilion or Ἴλιος, Ilios; Troia and Ilium;Trōia is the typical Latin name for the city. Ilium is a more poetic term: Hittite: Wilusha or Truwisha; Truva or Troya) was a city in the far northwest of the region known in late Classical antiquity as Asia Minor, now known as Anatolia in modern Turkey, near (just south of) the southwest mouth of the Dardanelles strait and northwest of Mount Ida.
Troy is a 2004 epic period war film written by David Benioff, directed by Wolfgang Petersen and co-produced by units in Malta, Mexico and Britain's Shepperton Studios.
Troy VII, in the mound at Hisarlik, is an archaeological layer of Troy that chronologically spans from c. 1300 to c. 950 BC.
Tudhaliya IV was a king of the Hittite Empire (New kingdom), and the younger son of Hattusili III.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
In Greek mythology, Tyndareus (Ancient Greek: Τυνδάρεος, Tundáreos; Attic: Τυνδάρεως, Tundáreōs) was a Spartan king.
The University of Massachusetts Press is a university press that is part of the University of Massachusetts Amherst.
Uranus (Ancient Greek Οὐρανός, Ouranos meaning "sky" or "heaven") was the primal Greek god personifying the sky and one of the Greek primordial deities.
Venus (Classical Latin) is the Roman goddess whose functions encompassed love, beauty, desire, sex, fertility, prosperity and victory.
Publius Vergilius Maro (traditional dates October 15, 70 BC – September 21, 19 BC), usually called Virgil or Vergil in English, was an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
Wilusa, (𒌷𒃾𒇻𒊭) or Wilusiya, was a major city of the late Bronze Age in western Anatolia.
Zeleia (Ζέλεια) is the name of an ancient town or city, according to the Iliad, which was allied to Troy.
Zeus (Ζεύς, Zeús) is the sky and thunder god in ancient Greek religion, who rules as king of the gods of Mount Olympus.
The 1250s BC is a decade which lasted from 1259 BC to 1250 BC.
The 1280s BC is a decade which lasted from 1289 BC to 1280 BC.