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Index Trombone

The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. [1]

226 relations: Aaron Copland, Aerophone, Alban Berg, Albert Lavignac, Alceste (Gluck), Alta cappella, Andrea Gabrieli, Anton Webern, Antonín Dvořák, Arnold Schoenberg, Arthur Pryor, Baritone horn, Baroque music, Bass trumpet, Béla Bartók, Bedřich Smetana, Benjamin Britten, Bohemia, Boris Pigovat, Boston Musical Instrument Company, Bowler hat, Brass band, Brass instrument, Brass quintet, British brass band, Buccin, C.G. Conn, Cantata, Cantus firmus, Carl Nielsen, Charles Gounod, Charles Wuorinen, Christian Lindberg, Christoph Willibald Gluck, Christopher Rouse (composer), Circus, Clarinet, Claudio Monteverdi, Clef, Community band, Concert band, Concert pitch, Conservatoire de Paris, Cornet, Cornett, Countertenor, Crook (music), Darius Milhaud, Der Ring des Nibelungen, Derek Bourgeois, ..., Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart, Dixieland, Dmitri Shostakovich, Don Drummond, Double bass, E. A. Couturier, Echo et Narcisse, Edgard Varèse, Edward Elgar, Embouchure, Equal temperament, Equale, Euphonium, F. E. Olds, F.A. Reynolds, Falset (music), Felix Mendelssohn, Ferdinand David (musician), France, Franz Berwald, Franz Liszt, Franz Schubert, French horn, French Revolution, Friedrich August Belcke, George Frideric Handel, George Gershwin, Germany, Giacomo Puccini, Gioachino Rossini, Giovanni Gabrieli, Giuseppe Verdi, Glissando, Grande symphonie funèbre et triomphale, Gustav Holst, Gustav Mahler, Guy Ropartz, Hagmann valve, Harmonic series (music), Harmonic seventh, Hector Berlioz, Heinrich Schütz, Henri Tomasi, Henry Fillmore, Igor Stravinsky, Intonation (music), Iphigénie en Tauride (Gluck), Israel in Egypt, Italian language, Italy, J. J. Johnson, Jack Teagarden, Jacques Castérède, James Warren York, Jan Sandström (composer), Jazz, Jean Sibelius, Jean-Michel Defaye, Jimmy Bosch, Joachim Nicolas Eggert, Johan de Meij, Johann Sebastian Bach, John Cage, John Philip Sousa, Jupiter Band Instruments, Just intonation, Karl Traugott Queisser, King Musical Instruments, Lars-Erik Larsson, Launy Grøndahl, Leadpipe, Leipzig, Leoš Janáček, Leonard Bernstein, List of Cambridge Companions to Music, List of classical trombonists, List of jazz trombonists, Loudness, Luciano Berio, Ludwig van Beethoven, Luis Bonilla, Major second, Major third, Marching band, Mark Hetzler, Maurice Ravel, Merengue music, Military band, Minor third, Motorbike Odyssey, Mouthpiece (brass), Music education, Musical instrument, Nino Rota, Oboe, Octandre, Olivier Messiaen, Ophicleide, Oratorio, Orchestra, Orfeo ed Euridice, Ottorino Respighi, P. D. Q. Bach, Pascal Dusapin, Paul Hindemith, Peanuts, Pedal tone, Perfect fifth, Perfect fourth, Piston valve, Piston valve (steam engine), Plunger, Position (music), Quarter tone, Ralph Vaughan Williams, Range (music), Renaissance, Renaissance music, Rhythm and blues, Richard Peaslee, Richard Strauss, Richard Wagner, Robert Schumann, Rotary valve, Sackbut, Salsa music, Samson (Handel), Saul (Handel), Semitone, Sequenza V, Sergei Prokofiev, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Shawm, Shout band, Ska, Slide (wind instrument), Soldering, Sonata for Trombone (Cooper), St Mark's Basilica, Standing wave, Stjepan Šulek, String instrument, Superbone, Swing music, Symphony, Symphony No. 3 (Mahler), Symphony No. 5 (Beethoven), Symphony No. 6 (Beethoven), Symphony No. 9 (Beethoven), T-Bone Concerto, Telescoping (mechanics), The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Thoracic diaphragm, Timbre, Tower music, Transposing instrument, Trill (music), Trombone, Trombone Concertino (David), Trumpet, Tuba, Types of trombone, United Kingdom, University of Music and Theatre Leipzig, Venturi effect, Vincent Bach, Wah-wah (music), Water key, William Walton, Willie Colón, Wind instrument, World War I, World War II, Wurlitzer, Yamaha Corporation, 20th-century classical music. Expand index (176 more) »

Aaron Copland

Aaron Copland (November 14, 1900December 2, 1990) was an American composer, composition teacher, writer, and later a conductor of his own and other American music.

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An aerophone is any musical instrument that produces sound primarily by causing a body of air to vibrate, without the use of strings or membranes, and without the vibration of the instrument itself adding considerably to the sound.

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Alban Berg

Alban Maria Johannes Berg (February 9, 1885 – December 24, 1935) was an Austrian composer of the Second Viennese School.

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Albert Lavignac

Alexandre Jean Albert Lavignac (21 January 1846 – 28 May 1916) was a French music scholar, known for his essays on theory, and a minor composer.

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Alceste (Gluck)

Alceste, Wq. 37 (the later French version is Wq. 44), is an opera by Christoph Willibald Gluck from 1767.

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Alta cappella

An alta cappella or alta musica (Italian), alta musique (French) or just alta was a kind of town wind band found throughout continental Europe from the thirteenth to the eighteenth centuries, which typically consisted of shawms and slide trumpets or sackbuts.

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Andrea Gabrieli

Andrea Gabrieli (1532/1533Bryant, Grove online – August 30, 1585) was an Italian composer and organist of the late Renaissance.

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Anton Webern

Anton Friedrich Wilhelm (von) Webern (3 December 188315 September 1945) was an Austrian composer and conductor.

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Antonín Dvořák

Antonín Leopold Dvořák (8 September 1841 – 1 May 1904) was a Czech composer.

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Arnold Schoenberg

Arnold Franz Walter Schoenberg or Schönberg (13 September 187413 July 1951) was an Austrian-American composer, music theorist, teacher, writer, and painter.

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Arthur Pryor

Arthur Willard Pryor (September 22, 1869 – June 18, 1942) was a trombone virtuoso, bandleader, and soloist with the Sousa Band.

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Baritone horn

The baritone horn, or sometimes just called baritone, is a low-pitched brass instrument in the saxhorn family.

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Baroque music

Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750.

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Bass trumpet

The bass trumpet is a type of low trumpet which was first developed during the 1820s in Germany.

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Béla Bartók

Béla Viktor János Bartók (25 March 1881 – 26 September 1945) was a Hungarian composer, pianist and an ethnomusicologist.

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Bedřich Smetana

Bedřich Smetana (2 March 1824 – 12 May 1884) was a Czech composer who pioneered the development of a musical style that became closely identified with his country's aspirations to independent statehood.

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Benjamin Britten

Edward Benjamin Britten, Baron Britten of Aldeburgh (22 November 1913 – 4 December 1976) was an English composer, conductor and pianist.

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Bohemia (Čechy;; Czechy; Bohême; Bohemia; Boemia) is the westernmost and largest historical region of the Czech lands in the present-day Czech Republic.

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Boris Pigovat

Boris Pigovat (Hebrew: בוריס פיגובט; born 1953 in Odessa, USSR) is an Israeli composer.

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Boston Musical Instrument Company

The Boston Musical Instrument Company was an American manufacturer of brass band instruments in the late 19th and early 20th centuries located in Boston, Massachusetts.

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Bowler hat

The bowler hat, also known as a billycock, bob hat, bombín or derby (USA), is a hard felt hat with a rounded crown, originally created by the London hat-makers Thomas and William Bowler during 1849.

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Brass band

A brass band is a musical ensemble generally consisting entirely of brass instruments, most often with a percussion section.

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Brass instrument

A brass instrument is a musical instrument that produces sound by sympathetic vibration of air in a tubular resonator in sympathy with the vibration of the player's lips.

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Brass quintet

A brass quintet is a five-piece musical ensemble composed of brass instruments.

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British brass band

A British brass band is a musical ensemble comprising a standardized range of brass and percussion instruments.

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The buccin is a visually distinctive trombone popularized in military bands in France between 1810 and 1845 which subsequently faded into obscurity.

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C.G. Conn

C.G. Conn Ltd., sometimes called Conn Instruments or commonly just Conn, was an American manufacturer of musical instrument incorporated in 1915.

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A cantata (literally "sung", past participle feminine singular of the Italian verb cantare, "to sing") is a vocal composition with an instrumental accompaniment, typically in several movements, often involving a choir.

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Cantus firmus

In music, a cantus firmus ("fixed song") is a pre-existing melody forming the basis of a polyphonic composition.

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Carl Nielsen

Carl August Nielsen (9 June 18653 October 1931) was a Danish musician, conductor and violinist, widely recognized as his country's most prominent composer.

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Charles Gounod

Charles-François Gounod (17 June 181817 or 18 October 1893) was a French composer, best known for his Ave Maria, based on a work by Bach, as well as his opera Faust.

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Charles Wuorinen

Charles Peter Wuorinen (born June 9, 1938) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American composer of contemporary classical music based in New York City.

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Christian Lindberg

Christian Lindberg (born 15 February 1958) is a Swedish trombonist, conductor and composer,.

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Christoph Willibald Gluck

Christoph Willibald (Ritter von) Gluck (born on 2 July, baptized 4 July 1714As there is only a documentary record with Gluck's date of baptism, 4 July. According to his widow, he was born on 3 July, but nobody in the 18th century paid attention to the birthdate until Napoleon introduced it. A birth date was only known if the parents kept a diary. The authenticity of the 1785 document (published in the Allgemeinen Wiener Musik-Zeitung vom 6. April 1844) is disputed, by Robl. (Robl 2015, pp. 141–147).--> – 15 November 1787) was a composer of Italian and French opera in the early classical period.

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Christopher Rouse (composer)

Christopher Rouse (born February 15, 1949) is an American composer.

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A circus is a company of performers who put on diverse entertainment shows that include clowns, acrobats, trained animals, trapeze acts, musicians, dancers, hoopers, tightrope walkers, jugglers, magicians, unicyclists, as well as other object manipulation and stunt-oriented artists.

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The clarinet is a musical-instrument family belonging to the group known as the woodwind instruments.

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Claudio Monteverdi

Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi (15 May 1567 (baptized) – 29 November 1643) was an Italian composer, string player and choirmaster.

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A clef (from French: clef "key") is a musical symbol used to indicate the pitch of written notes.

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Community band

A community band is a concert band or brass band ensemble composed of volunteer (non-paid) amateur musicians in a particular geographic area.

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Concert band

A concert band, also called wind ensemble, symphonic band, wind symphony, wind orchestra, wind band, symphonic winds, symphony band, or symphonic wind ensemble, is a performing ensemble consisting of members of the woodwind, brass, and percussion families of instruments, along with the double bass or bass guitar.

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Concert pitch

Concert pitch is the pitch reference to which a group of musical instruments are tuned for a performance.

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Conservatoire de Paris

The Conservatoire de Paris (English: Paris Conservatory) is a college of music and dance founded in 1795 associated with PSL Research University.

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The cornet is a brass instrument similar to the trumpet but distinguished from it by its conical bore, more compact shape, and mellower tone quality.

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The cornett, cornetto, or zink is an early wind instrument that dates from the Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque periods, popular from 1500 to 1650.

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A countertenor (also contra tenor) is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range is equivalent to that of the female contralto or mezzo-soprano voice types, generally extending from around G3 to D5 or E5, although a sopranist (a specific kind of countertenor) may match the soprano's range of around C4 to C6.

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Crook (music)

A crook, also sometimes called a shank, is an exchangeable segment of tubing in a natural horn (or other brass instrument, such as a natural trumpet) which is used to change the length of the pipe, altering the fundamental pitch and harmonic series which the instrument can sound, and thus the key in which it plays.

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Darius Milhaud

Darius Milhaud (4 September 1892 – 22 June 1974) was a French composer, conductor, and teacher.

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Der Ring des Nibelungen

(The Ring of the Nibelung), WWV 86, is a cycle of four German-language epic music dramas composed by Richard Wagner.

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Derek Bourgeois

Derek David Bourgeois (16 October 1941 – 6 September 2017) was an English composer.

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Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart

(MGG; Music in History and the Present) is the largest and most comprehensive German music encyclopedia, and among Western music reference sources, only The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is comparable to it in size and scope.

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Dixieland, sometimes referred to as hot jazz or traditional jazz, is a style of jazz based on the music that developed in New Orleans at the start of the 20th century.

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Dmitri Shostakovich

Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (Дми́трий Дми́триевич Шостако́вич|Dmitriy Dmitrievich Shostakovich,; 9 August 1975) was a Russian composer and pianist.

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Don Drummond

Don Drummond (12 March 1932Cane-Honeysett, L: Don Drummond Memorial Album, liner notes. Trojan 2009. – 6 May 1969) was a Jamaican ska trombonist and composer.

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Double bass

The double bass, or simply the bass (and numerous other names), is the largest and lowest-pitched bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra.

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E. A. Couturier

Ernst Albert Couturier (September 30, 1869 in Poughkeepsie – February 28, 1950 in Wingdale) was best known as a cornet player who toured as a "virtuoso" performer on the concert programs of bands of the day.

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Echo et Narcisse

Echo et Narcisse (Echo and Narcissus) was the last original opera, specifically a drame lyrique, written by Christoph Willibald Gluck, his sixth for the French stage.

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Edgard Varèse

Edgard Victor Achille Charles Varèse (also spelled Edgar Varèse;Malcolm MacDonald, Varèse, Astronomer in Sound (London, 2003), p. xi. December 22, 1883 – November 6, 1965) was a French-born composer who spent the greater part of his career in the United States.

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Edward Elgar

Sir Edward William Elgar, 1st Baronet (2 June 1857 – 23 February 1934) was an English composer, many of whose works have entered the British and international classical concert repertoire.

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Embouchure or lipping is the use of the lips, facial muscles, tongue, and teeth in playing a wind instrument.

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Equal temperament

An equal temperament is a musical temperament, or a system of tuning, in which the frequency interval between every pair of adjacent notes has the same ratio.

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An equale or aequale (from voces aequales, equal voices or parts) is a musical idiom.

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The euphonium is a large, conical-bore, baritone-voiced brass instrument that derives its name from the Ancient Greek word εὔφωνος euphōnos, meaning "well-sounding" or "sweet-voiced" (εὖ eu means "well" or "good" and φωνή phōnē means "sound", hence "of good sound").

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F. E. Olds


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F.A. Reynolds

Foster Adolph Reynolds (December 29, 1884 - July 18, 1960) was an American brass instrument designer and manufacturer.

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Falset (music)

Falset is the latitude for a brasswind player's pitch-control of a harmonic by adjusting lip or air pressure.

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Felix Mendelssohn

Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (3 February 1809 4 November 1847), born and widely known as Felix Mendelssohn, was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early romantic period.

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Ferdinand David (musician)

Ferdinand David (19 June 181018 July 1873) was a German virtuoso violinist and composer.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Franz Berwald

Franz Adolf Berwald (23 July 1796 – 3 April 1868) was a Swedish Romantic composer.

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Franz Liszt

Franz Liszt (Liszt Ferencz, in modern usage Liszt Ferenc;Liszt's Hungarian passport spelt his given name as "Ferencz". An orthographic reform of the Hungarian language in 1922 (which was 36 years after Liszt's death) changed the letter "cz" to simply "c" in all words except surnames; this has led to Liszt's given name being rendered in modern Hungarian usage as "Ferenc". From 1859 to 1867 he was officially Franz Ritter von Liszt; he was created a Ritter (knight) by Emperor Francis Joseph I in 1859, but never used this title of nobility in public. The title was necessary to marry the Princess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein without her losing her privileges, but after the marriage fell through, Liszt transferred the title to his uncle Eduard in 1867. Eduard's son was Franz von Liszt. 22 October 181131 July 1886) was a prolific 19th-century Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, music teacher, arranger, organist, philanthropist, author, nationalist and a Franciscan tertiary during the Romantic era.

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Franz Schubert

Franz Peter Schubert (31 January 179719 November 1828) was an Austrian composer of the late Classical and early Romantic eras.

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French horn

The French horn (since the 1930s known simply as the "horn" in some professional music circles) is a brass instrument made of tubing wrapped into a coil with a flared bell.

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French Revolution

The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.

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Friedrich August Belcke

Friedrich August Belcke (1795–1874) was a celebrated trombonist in Berlin in the 19th century.

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George Frideric Handel

George Frideric (or Frederick) Handel (born italic; 23 February 1685 (O.S.) – 14 April 1759) was a German, later British, Baroque composer who spent the bulk of his career in London, becoming well-known for his operas, oratorios, anthems, and organ concertos.

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George Gershwin

George Jacob Gershwin (September 26, 1898 July 11, 1937) was an American composer and pianist.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Giacomo Puccini

Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (22 December 1858 29 November 1924) was an Italian opera composer who has been called "the greatest composer of Italian opera after Verdi".

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Gioachino Rossini

Gioachino Antonio Rossini (29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who wrote 39 operas as well as some sacred music, songs, chamber music, and piano pieces.

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Giovanni Gabrieli

Giovanni Gabrieli (c. 1554/1557 – 12 August 1612) was an Italian composer and organist.

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Giuseppe Verdi

Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (9 or 10 October 1813 – 27 January 1901) was an Italian opera composer.

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In music, a glissando (plural: glissandi, abbreviated gliss.) is a glide from one pitch to another.

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Grande symphonie funèbre et triomphale

Grande symphonie funèbre et triomphale (English: Grand Funeral and Triumphal Symphony), Op.

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Gustav Holst

Gustav Theodore Holst (born Gustavus Theodore von Holst; 21 September 1874 – 25 May 1934) was an English composer, arranger and teacher.

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Gustav Mahler

Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was an Austro-Bohemian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation.

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Guy Ropartz

Joseph Guy Marie Ropartz (15 June 1864 – 22 November 1955) was a French composer and conductor.

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Hagmann valve

The Hagmann Valve is a rotary valve for trombone that was developed by René Hagmann in the early 1990s.

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Harmonic series (music)

A harmonic series is the sequence of sounds—pure tones, represented by sinusoidal waves—in which the frequency of each sound is an integer multiple of the fundamental, the lowest frequency.

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Harmonic seventh

The harmonic seventh interval, also known as the septimal minor seventh, or subminor seventh, is one with an exact 7:4 ratioAndrew Horner, Lydia Ayres (2002).

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Hector Berlioz

Louis-Hector Berlioz; 11 December 1803 – 8 March 1869) was a French Romantic composer, best known for his compositions Symphonie fantastique, Harold en Italie, Roméo et Juliette, Grande messe des morts (Requiem), L'Enfance du Christ, Benvenuto Cellini, La Damnation de Faust, and Les Troyens. Berlioz made significant contributions to the modern orchestra with his Treatise on Instrumentation. He specified huge orchestral forces for some of his works, and conducted several concerts with more than 1,000 musicians. He also composed around 50 compositions for voice, accompanied by piano or orchestra. His influence was critical for the further development of Romanticism, especially in composers like Richard Wagner, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Franz Liszt, Richard Strauss, and Gustav Mahler.

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Heinrich Schütz

Heinrich Schütz (– 6 November 1672) was a German composer and organist, generally regarded as the most important German composer before Johann Sebastian Bach and often considered to be one of the most important composers of the 17th century.

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Henri Tomasi

Henri Tomasi (17 August 1901 – 13 January 1971) was a French classical composer and conductor.

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Henry Fillmore

Henry Fillmore (December 3, 1881 – December 7, 1956) was an American musician, composer, publisher, and bandleader, best known for his many marches and screamers.

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Igor Stravinsky

Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (ˈiɡərʲ ˈfʲɵdərəvʲɪtɕ strɐˈvʲinskʲɪj; 6 April 1971) was a Russian-born composer, pianist, and conductor.

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Intonation (music)

Intonation, in music, is a musician's realization of pitch accuracy, or the pitch accuracy of a musical instrument.

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Iphigénie en Tauride (Gluck)

Iphigénie en Tauride (Iphigenia in Tauris) is a 1779 opera by Christoph Willibald Gluck in four acts.

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Israel in Egypt

Israel in Egypt (HWV 54) is a biblical oratorio by the composer George Frideric Handel.

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Italian language

Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.

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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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J. J. Johnson

James Louis "J.

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Jack Teagarden

Weldon Leo "Jack" Teagarden (August 20, 1905 – January 15, 1964) was a jazz trombonist and singer.

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Jacques Castérède

Jacques Castérède (10 April 1926 in Paris – 6 April 2014 in Dijon) was a French composer and pianist.

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James Warren York

James Warren York (more commonly known as J. W. York) was a musician, businessman, business owner and musical instrument innovator.

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Jan Sandström (composer)

Jan Sandström (born 25 January 1954, Vilhelmina, Västerbotten County, Sweden) is a Swedish classical music composer.

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Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.

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Jean Sibelius

Jean Sibelius, born Johan Julius Christian Sibelius (8 December 186520 September 1957), was a Finnish composer and violinist of the late Romantic and early-modern periods.

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Jean-Michel Defaye

Jean-Michel Defaye (born 18 September 1932) is a French pianist, composer, arranger and conductor known for his collaboration with French poet and singer-songwriter Léo Ferré.

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Jimmy Bosch

Jimmy Bosch (born 18 October 1959), also known as "El Trombon Criollo", is a jazz and Salsa Music trombonist composer and bandleader of Puerto Rican descent born in Jersey City, New Jersey.

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Joachim Nicolas Eggert

Joachim Nicolas Eggert (22 February 1779 – 14 April 1813) was a Swedish composer and musical director.

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Johan de Meij

Johannes Abraham (Johan) de Meij, born November 23, 1953, in Voorburg, Netherlands, is a Dutch conductor, trombonist, and composer, best known for his Symphony No. 1, nicknamed The Lord of the Rings symphony.

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Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.

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John Cage

John Milton Cage Jr. (September 5, 1912 – August 12, 1992) was an American composer and music theorist.

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John Philip Sousa

John Philip Sousa (November 6, 1854 – March 6, 1932) was an American composer and conductor of the late Romantic era, known primarily for American military and patriotic marches.

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Jupiter Band Instruments

Jupiter Band Instruments, Inc. is a manufacturer and distributor of woodwind, brass and percussion instruments.

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Just intonation

In music, just intonation (sometimes abbreviated as JI) or pure intonation is any musical tuning in which the frequencies of notes are related by ratios of small whole numbers.

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Karl Traugott Queisser

Karl Traugott Queisser (11 January 1800, Döben near Grimma – 12 June 1846, Leipzig) played trombone and viola in Germany as a member of the Gewandhaus Orchestra under Felix Mendelssohn.

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King Musical Instruments

King Musical Instruments was a musical instrument manufacturing company located in Cleveland, Ohio.

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Lars-Erik Larsson

Lars-Erik Larsson (15 May 190827 December 1986) was a Swedish composer.

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Launy Grøndahl

Launy Grøndahl (30 June 1886 – 21 January 1960) was a Danish composer and conductor.

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In a brass instrument, a leadpipe or mouthpipe is the pipe or tube into which the mouthpiece is placed.

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Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.

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Leoš Janáček

Leoš Janáček (baptised Leo Eugen Janáček; 3 July 1854 – 12 August 1928) was a Czech composer, musical theorist, folklorist, publicist and teacher.

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Leonard Bernstein

Leonard Bernstein (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American composer, conductor, author, music lecturer, and pianist.

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List of Cambridge Companions to Music

The Cambridge Companions to Music form a book series published by Cambridge University Press.

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List of classical trombonists

This list presents an overview of notable classical trombonists, including their primary affiliations and active years of playing.

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List of jazz trombonists

This is an alphabetical list of jazz trombonists for whom Wikipedia has articles.

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In acoustics, loudness is the subjective perception of sound pressure.

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Luciano Berio

Luciano Berio, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI (October 24, 1925 – May 27, 2003) was an Italian composer.

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Ludwig van Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770Beethoven was baptised on 17 December. His date of birth was often given as 16 December and his family and associates celebrated his birthday on that date, and most scholars accept that he was born on 16 December; however there is no documentary record of his birth.26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.

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Luis Bonilla

Luis Bonilla (born Luis Diego Bonilla, October 12, 1965, Los Angeles, California) is an American jazz trombonist of Costa Rican descent.

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Major second

In Western music theory, a major second (sometimes also called whole tone) is a second spanning two semitones.

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Major third

In classical music from Western culture, a third is a musical interval encompassing three staff positions (see Interval number for more details), and the major third is a third spanning four semitones.

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Marching band

A marching band is a group in which instrumental musicians perform while marching, often for entertainment or competition.

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Mark Hetzler

Mark Hetzler (born 1968 in Sarasota, Florida) is a trombonist and former member of the Empire Brass Quintet.

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Maurice Ravel

Joseph Maurice Ravel (7 March 1875 – 28 December 1937) was a French composer, pianist and conductor.

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Merengue music

Merengue is a type of music and dance originating in the Dominican Republic, which has become a very popular genre throughout Latin America, and also in several major cities in the United States which have Hispanic communities.

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Military band

A military band is a group of personnel that performs musical duties for military functions, usually for the armed forces.

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Minor third

In the music theory of Western culture, a minor third is a musical interval that encompasses three half steps, or semitones.

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Motorbike Odyssey

Motorbike Odyssey is the Trombone Concerto No.

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Mouthpiece (brass)

On brass instruments the mouthpiece is the part of the instrument placed on the player's lips.

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Music education

Music education is a field of study associated with the teaching and learning of music.

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Musical instrument

A musical instrument is an instrument created or adapted to make musical sounds.

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Nino Rota

Giovanni "Nino" Rota (3 December 1911 – 10 April 1979) was an Italian composer, pianist, conductor and academic who is best known for his film scores, notably for the films of Federico Fellini and Luchino Visconti.

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Oboes are a family of double reed woodwind instruments.

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Octandre is a work for small orchestra by Edgard Varèse, written in 1923 and published by J. Curwen & Sons in London in 1924 (new edition, New York: G. Ricordi & Co., 1956; new edition, revised and edited by Chou Wen-chung, New York: Ricordi, 1980).

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Olivier Messiaen

Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles Messiaen (December 10, 1908 – April 27, 1992) was a French composer, organist, and ornithologist, one of the major composers of the 20th century.

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The ophicleide is a keyed brass instrument similar to the tuba.

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An oratorio is a large musical composition for orchestra, choir, and soloists.

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An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music, which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin, viola, cello and double bass, as well as brass, woodwinds, and percussion instruments, each grouped in sections.

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Orfeo ed Euridice

(French:; English: Orpheus and Eurydice) is an opera composed by Christoph Willibald Gluck, based on the myth of Orpheus and set to a libretto by Ranieri de' Calzabigi.

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Ottorino Respighi

Ottorino Respighi (9 July 187918 April 1936) was an Italian violinist, composer and musicologist, best known for his three orchestral tone poems Fountains of Rome (1916), Pines of Rome (1924), and Roman Festivals (1928).

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P. D. Q. Bach


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Pascal Dusapin

Pascal Dusapin (born 29 May 1955) is a contemporary French composer born in Nancy, France.

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Paul Hindemith

Paul Hindemith (16 November 1895 – 28 December 1963) was a prolific German composer, violist, violinist, teacher and conductor.

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Peanuts is a syndicated daily and Sunday American comic strip written and illustrated by Charles M. Schulz that ran from October 2, 1950, to February 13, 2000, continuing in reruns afterward.

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Pedal tone

Pedal tones are special notes in the harmonic series of cylindrical-bore brass instruments.

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Perfect fifth

In music theory, a perfect fifth is the musical interval corresponding to a pair of pitches with a frequency ratio of 3:2, or very nearly so.

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Perfect fourth

In classical music from Western culture, a fourth spans exactly four letter names (staff positions), while a perfect fourth (harmonic series) always involves the same interval, regardless of key (sharps and flats) between letters. A perfect fourth is the relationship between the third and fourth harmonics, sounding neither major nor minor, but consonant with an unstable quality (additive synthesis). In the key of C, the notes C and F constitute a perfect fourth relationship, as they're separated by four semitones (C, C#, D, D#, E, F). Up until the late 19th century, the perfect fourth was often called by its Greek name, diatessaron. A perfect fourth in just intonation corresponds to a pitch ratio of 4:3, or about 498 cents, while in equal temperament a perfect fourth is equal to five semitones, or 500 cents. The perfect fourth is a perfect interval like the unison, octave, and perfect fifth, and it is a sensory consonance. In common practice harmony, however, it is considered a stylistic dissonance in certain contexts, namely in two-voice textures and whenever it appears above the bass. If the bass note also happens to be the chord's root, the interval's upper note almost always temporarily displaces the third of any chord, and, in the terminology used in popular music, is then called a suspended fourth. Conventionally, adjacent strings of the double bass and of the bass guitar are a perfect fourth apart when unstopped, as are all pairs but one of adjacent guitar strings under standard guitar tuning. Sets of tom-tom drums are also commonly tuned in perfect fourths. The 4:3 just perfect fourth arises in the C major scale between G and C.

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Piston valve

A piston valve is a device used to control the motion of a fluid along a tube or pipe by means of the linear motion of a piston within a chamber or cylinder.

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Piston valve (steam engine)

Piston valves are one form of valve used to control the flow of steam within a steam engine or locomotive.

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A plunger, force cup, plumber's friend, or plumber's helper is a tool used to clear blockages in drains and pipes.

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Position (music)

On a string instrument, position is the relative location of the hand on the instrument's neck, indicated by ordinal numbers (e.g., 3rd).

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Quarter tone

A quarter tone is a pitch halfway between the usual notes of a chromatic scale or an interval about half as wide (aurally, or logarithmically) as a semitone, which itself is half a whole tone.

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Ralph Vaughan Williams

Ralph Vaughan Williams (12 October 1872– 26 August 1958) was an English composer.

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Range (music)

In music, the range, or chromatic range, of a musical instrument is the distance from the lowest to the highest pitch it can play.

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The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.

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Renaissance music

Renaissance music is vocal and instrumental music written and performed in Europe during the Renaissance era.

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Rhythm and blues

Rhythm and blues, commonly abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African American communities in the 1940s.

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Richard Peaslee

Richard Peaslee (June 13, 1930, New York NY - August 20, 2016) was a composer who worked in a variety of idioms, including chorus, orchestra, dance, and soundtracks for film and television, but he was most active as a composer for the theatre.

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Richard Strauss

Richard Georg Strauss (11 June 1864 – 8 September 1949) was a leading German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras.

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Richard Wagner

Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas").

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Robert Schumann

Robert Schumann (8 June 181029 July 1856) was a German composer and an influential music critic.

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Rotary valve

A rotary valve is a type of valve in which the rotation of a passage or passages in a transverse plug regulates the flow of liquid or gas through the attached pipes.

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A sackbut is a type of trombone from the Renaissance and Baroque eras, characterised by a telescopic slide that is used to vary the length of the tube to change pitch.

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Salsa music

Salsa music is a popular dance music that initially arose in New York City during the 1960s.

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Samson (Handel)

Samson (HWV 57) is a three-act oratorio by George Frideric Handel, considered one of his finest dramatic works.

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Saul (Handel)

Saul (HWV 53) is a dramatic oratorio in three acts written by George Frideric Handel with a libretto by Charles Jennens.

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A semitone, also called a half step or a half tone, is the smallest musical interval commonly used in Western tonal music, and it is considered the most dissonant when sounded harmonically.

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Sequenza V

Sequenza V is a composition for solo trombone by Luciano Berio, part of his series of pieces with this title.

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Sergei Prokofiev

Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (r; 27 April 1891 – 5 March 1953) was a Russian Soviet composer, pianist and conductor.

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Sergei Rachmaninoff

Sergei Vasilyevich Rachmaninoff (28 March 1943) was a Russian pianist, composer, and conductor of the late Romantic period, some of whose works are among the most popular in the Romantic repertoire.

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The shawm (/ʃɔːm/) is a conical bore, double-reed woodwind instrument made in Europe from the 12th century to the present day.

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Shout band

Shout band is a kind of musical band performing shout music, a type of gospel music.

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Ska is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1950s and was the precursor to rocksteady and reggae.

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Slide (wind instrument)

A slide is a part of a wind instrument consisting of two (or more) pieces of tubing fitted one closely inside the other, and used to vary the overall length of the tube, and therefore the pitch of the instrument.

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Soldering (AmE:, BrE), is a process in which two or more items (usually metal) are joined together by melting and putting a filler metal (solder) into the joint, the filler metal having a lower melting point than the adjoining metal.

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Sonata for Trombone (Cooper)

Jack Cooper's Sonata for Trombone (and piano) was published in 2007, the date of composition is 1998.

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St Mark's Basilica

The Patriarchal Cathedral Basilica of Saint Mark (Basilica Cattedrale Patriarcale di San Marco), commonly known as Saint Mark's Basilica (Basilica di San Marco; Baxéłega de San Marco), is the cathedral church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Venice, northern Italy.

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Standing wave

In physics, a standing wave – also known as a stationary wave – is a wave which oscillates in time but whose peak amplitude profile does not move in space.

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Stjepan Šulek

Stjepan Šulek (5 August 1914 in Zagreb, Austria-Hungary – 16 January 1986 in Zagreb, SR Croatia, SFR Yugoslavia) was a Croatian composer, conductor, violinist and music teacher.

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String instrument

String instruments, stringed instruments, or chordophones are musical instruments that produce sound from vibrating strings when the performer plays or sounds the strings in some manner.

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The Superbone is a hybrid trombone.

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Swing music

Swing music, or simply swing, is a form of popular music developed in the United States that dominated in the 1930s and 1940s.

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A symphony is an extended musical composition in Western classical music, most often written by composers for orchestra.

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Symphony No. 3 (Mahler)

The Symphony No.

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Symphony No. 5 (Beethoven)

The Symphony No.

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Symphony No. 6 (Beethoven)

The Symphony No.

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Symphony No. 9 (Beethoven)

The Symphony No.

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T-Bone Concerto

T-bone Concerto is a concerto for solo trombone and wind band by Dutch composer Johan de Meij which was completed in January 1996.

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Telescoping (mechanics)

Telescoping in mechanics describes the movement of one part sliding out from another, lengthening an object (such as a telescope or the lift arm of an aerial work platform) from its rest state.

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The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians

The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is an encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians.

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Thoracic diaphragm

For other uses, see Diaphragm (disambiguation). The thoracic diaphragm, or simply the diaphragm (partition), is a sheet of internal skeletal muscle in humans and other mammals that extends across the bottom of the thoracic cavity.

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In music, timbre (also known as tone color or tone quality from psychoacoustics) is the perceived sound quality of a musical note, sound or tone.

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Tower music

Tower music is a musical performance from the top of a tower.

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Transposing instrument

A transposing instrument is a musical instrument whose music is recorded in staff notation at a pitch different from the pitch that actually sounds (concert pitch).

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Trill (music)

The trill (or shake, as it was known from the 16th until the 19th century) is a musical ornament consisting of a rapid alternation between two adjacent notes, usually a semitone or tone apart, which can be identified with the context of the trill.

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The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family.

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Trombone Concertino (David)

Ferdinand David's Concertino for Trombone and Orchestra, Op.

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A trumpet is a brass instrument commonly used in classical and jazz ensembles.

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The tuba is the largest and lowest-pitched musical instrument in the brass family.

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Types of trombone

There are many different types of trombone.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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University of Music and Theatre Leipzig

The University of Music and Theatre "Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy" Leipzig (Hochschule für Musik und Theater "Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy" Leipzig) is a public university in Leipzig (Saxony, Germany).

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Venturi effect

The Venturi effect is the reduction in fluid pressure that results when a fluid flows through a constricted section (or choke) of a pipe.

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Vincent Bach

Vincent Bach (March 24, 1890 in Baden bei Wien – January 8, 1976 in New York City) was a musician and instrument maker, who founded the Vincent Bach Corporation.

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Wah-wah (music)

Wah-wah (or wa-wa) is an imitative word (or onomatopoeia) for the sound of altering the resonance of musical notes to extend expressiveness, sounding much like a human voice saying the syllable wah.

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Water key

A water key is a valve or tap used to allow the drainage of accumulated fluid from wind instruments.

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William Walton

Sir William Turner Walton, OM (29 March 19028 March 1983) was an English composer.

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Willie Colón

William Anthony Colón Román (born April 28, 1950) is a Nuyorican (a New York-born Puerto Rican) salsa musician and social activist.

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Wind instrument

A wind instrument is a musical instrument that contains some type of resonator (usually a tube), in which a column of air is set into vibration by the player blowing into (or over) a mouthpiece set at or near the end of the resonator.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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The Rudolph Wurlitzer Company, usually referred to as simply Wurlitzer, is an American company started in Cincinnati in 1853 by German immigrant (Franz) Rudolph Wurlitzer.

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Yamaha Corporation

() is a Japanese multinational corporation and conglomerate with a very wide range of products and services, predominantly musical instruments, electronics and power sports equipment.

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20th-century classical music

20th-century classical music describes art music that was written nominally from 1901 to 2000.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trombone

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