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Tsunami

Index Tsunami

A tsunami (from 津波, "harbour wave"; English pronunciation) or tidal wave, also known as a seismic sea wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake. [1]

170 relations: Aftermath of the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, Alexandria, American Geophysical Union, Ammianus Marcellinus, Amplitude, Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Associated Press, Azores–Gibraltar Transform Fault, Bamfield, Bathymetry, BBC News, Bikini Atoll, Bolide, Breaking wave, British Columbia, Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Charles L. Mader, Chile, Computer simulation, Convergent boundary, Cumbre Vieja, Deep-ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunamis, Earthquake, Earthquake Early Warning (Japan), Earthquake engineering, Elephant, Emergency Alert System, Emergency management, Environmental Seismic Intensity scale, European macroseismic scale, Fisherman, Floodgate, Fogo, Cape Verde, Frequency, Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, Geologist, Grand Banks of Newfoundland, Green's law, Hawaii, Hawaii (island), Higher Ground Project, Hilo, Hawaii, History of the Peloponnesian War, Hokkaido, Honolulu, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Ice calving, Impact event, ..., Index of wave articles, Indian Ocean, Interdisciplinarity, Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, Internal wave, Iquique, Iwate Prefecture, Japan, Japan Meteorological Agency, Japan National Press Club, Kaikoura Peninsula, Kamakura, Kanji, Kanyakumari, La Palma, Landslide, Laupāhoehoe, Hawaii, Linda Maria Koldau, List of natural disasters by death toll, List of tsunamis affecting New Zealand, Lists of earthquakes, Marine and Petroleum Geology, Mediterranean Sea, Megathrust earthquake, Megatsunami, Mercalli intensity scale, Meteorite, Meteorology, Meteotsunami, Minoan eruption, Moment magnitude scale, Monte Toc, National Geographic Society, National Geophysical Data Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Weather Service, Nature (journal), New Zealand Army, Nova (TV series), Nuclear weapon, Oceanography, Okushiri, Hokkaido, Operation Hardtack I, Outer trench swell, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Pacific Ocean, Pacific Proving Grounds, Pacific Rim, Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, Papua New Guinea, Phuket Province, Plate tectonics, Present, Rayleigh wave, Réunion, Rogue wave, Seiche, Seismology, Shakespear Regional Park, Sneaker wave, Special English, Sri Lanka, Storegga Slide, Storm surge, Subduction, Submarine earthquake, Submarine landslide, Subsidence, Supervolcano, Surrey, Tarō, Iwate, Tauredunum event, Tectonic uplift, Tectonic weapon, Teletsunami, The Daily Telegraph, The Japan Times, The New Zealand Herald, The Sydney Morning Herald, Thrust fault, Thucydides, Tidal bore, Tide, Tilly Smith, Topography, Tsunami bomb, Tsunami Society, Tsunami warning system, Tsunami-proof building, Tsunamis affecting the British Isles, Tsunamis in lakes, Types of volcanic eruptions, U.S. Route 101 in Washington, Underwater explosion, UNESCO, United States Geological Survey, University of Tokyo, Vajont Dam, Voice of America, Washington (state), Wave, Wave shoaling, Wavelength, Wind wave, World War II, 1755 Lisbon earthquake, 1783 Calabrian earthquakes, 1896 Sanriku earthquake, 1908 Messina earthquake, 1933 Sanriku earthquake, 1946 Aleutian Islands earthquake, 1958 Lituya Bay megatsunami, 1960 Valdivia earthquake, 1964 Alaska earthquake, 1977 Sumba earthquake, 1993 Hokkaidō earthquake, 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, 365 Crete earthquake, 426 BC Malian Gulf tsunami. Expand index (120 more) »

Aftermath of the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami

The aftermath of the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami included both a humanitarian crisis and massive economic impacts.

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Alexandria

Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.

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American Geophysical Union

The American Geophysical Union (AGU) is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization of geophysicists, consisting of over 62,000 members from 144 countries.

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Ammianus Marcellinus

Ammianus Marcellinus (born, died 400) was a Roman soldier and historian who wrote the penultimate major historical account surviving from Antiquity (preceding Procopius).

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Amplitude

The amplitude of a periodic variable is a measure of its change over a single period (such as time or spatial period).

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Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).

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Ancient Rome

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.

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Associated Press

The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.

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Azores–Gibraltar Transform Fault

The Azores–Gibraltar Transform Fault (AGFZ), also called a fault zone and a fracture zone, is a major seismic fault in the Central Atlantic Ocean west of the Strait of Gibraltar.

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Bamfield

Bamfield is a community that is surrounded by Crown Land, Indian Reserves, and portions of the Pacific Rim National Park, located on Barkley Sound, Vancouver Island in British Columbia.

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Bathymetry

Bathymetry is the study of underwater depth of lake or ocean floors.

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BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

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Bikini Atoll

Bikini Atoll (pronounced or; Marshallese: 'Pikinni',, meaning "coconut place") is an atoll in the Marshall Islands which consists of 23 islands totalling surrounding a central lagoon.

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Bolide

A bolide (French via Latin from the Greek βολίς bolís, "missile") is an extremely bright meteor, especially one that explodes in the atmosphere.

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Breaking wave

In fluid dynamics, a breaking wave is a wave whose amplitude reaches a critical level at which some process can suddenly start to occur that causes large amounts of wave energy to be transformed into turbulent kinetic energy.

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British Columbia

British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.

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Canary Islands

The Canary Islands (Islas Canarias) is a Spanish archipelago and autonomous community of Spain located in the Atlantic Ocean, west of Morocco at the closest point.

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Cape Verde

Cape Verde or Cabo Verde (Cabo Verde), officially the Republic of Cabo Verde, is an island country spanning an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean.

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Charles L. Mader

Charles Lavern Mader (born 1930) is an American physical chemist known for his work in the fluid dynamics of explosives and water waves.

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Chile

Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

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Computer simulation

Computer simulation is the reproduction of the behavior of a system using a computer to simulate the outcomes of a mathematical model associated with said system.

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Convergent boundary

In plate tectonics, a convergent boundary, also known as a destructive plate boundary, is a region of active deformation where two or more tectonic plates or fragments of the lithosphere are near the end of their life cycle.

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Cumbre Vieja

Cumbre Vieja (Old Summit) is an active although dormant volcanic ridge on the volcanic ocean island of La Palma in the Canary Islands, Spain, that erupted twice in the 20th century – in 1949, and again in 1971.

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Deep-ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunamis

The Deep-ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunamis (officially abbreviated and trademarked as DART) system is a component of an enhanced tsunami warning system.

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Earthquake

An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth's lithosphere that creates seismic waves.

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Earthquake Early Warning (Japan)

The is a warning issued when an earthquake is detected in Japan.

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Earthquake engineering

Earthquake engineering is an interdisciplinary branch of engineering that designs and analyzes structures, such as buildings and bridges, with earthquakes in mind.

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Elephant

Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae and the order Proboscidea.

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Emergency Alert System

The Emergency Alert System (EAS) is a national warning system in the United States put into place on January 1, 1997 (approved by Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in November 1994), when it replaced the Emergency Broadcast System (EBS), which in turn replaced the CONELRAD System.

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Emergency management

Emergency management or disaster management is the organization and management of the resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies (preparedness, response, and recovery).

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Environmental Seismic Intensity scale

The Environmental Seismic Intensity scale (ESI 2007) is a seismic scale used for measuring the intensity of an earthquake on the basis of the effects of the earthquake on the natural environment (Earthquake Environmental Effects).

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European macroseismic scale

The European macroseismic scale (EMS) is the basis for evaluation of seismic intensity in European countries and is also used in a number of countries outside Europe.

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Fisherman

A fisherman or fisher is someone who captures fish and other animals from a body of water, or gathers shellfish.

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Floodgate

Floodgates, also called stop gates, are adjustable gates used to control water flow in flood barriers, reservoir, river, stream, or levee systems.

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Fogo, Cape Verde

Fogo (Portuguese for "fire") is an island in the Sotavento group of Cape Verde.

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Frequency

Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit of time.

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Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster

The was an energy accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in Ōkuma, Fukushima Prefecture, initiated primarily by the tsunami following the Tōhoku earthquake on 11 March 2011.

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Geologist

A geologist is a scientist who studies the solid and liquid matter that constitutes the Earth as well as the processes that shape it.

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Grand Banks of Newfoundland

The Grand Banks of Newfoundland are a group of underwater plateaus south-east of Newfoundland on the North American continental shelf.

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Green's law

In fluid dynamics, Green's law describes the evolution of non-breaking surface gravity waves propagating in shallow water of gradually varying depth and width.

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Hawaii

Hawaii (Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.

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Hawaii (island)

Hawaiʻi is the largest island located in the U.S. state of Hawaii.

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Higher Ground Project

The Higher Ground Project was a worldwide campaign to celebrate the lives of children who survived the tsunami resulting from the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake.

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Hilo, Hawaii

Hilo is the largest settlement and census-designated place (CDP) in Hawaii County, Hawaii, United States, which encompasses the Island of HawaiOkinai.

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History of the Peloponnesian War

The History of the Peloponnesian War (Ἱστορίαι, "Histories") is a historical account of the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC), which was fought between the Peloponnesian League (led by Sparta) and the Delian League (led by Athens).

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Hokkaido

(), formerly known as Ezo, Yezo, Yeso, or Yesso, is the second largest island of Japan, and the largest and northernmost prefecture.

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Honolulu

Honolulu is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Hawaiokinai.

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Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (HMH) is an educational and trade publisher in the United States.

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Ice calving

Ice calving, also known as glacier calving or iceberg calving, is the breaking of ice chunks from the edge of a glacier.

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Impact event

An impact event is a collision between astronomical objects causing measurable effects.

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Index of wave articles

This is a list of Wave topics.

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Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering (approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface).

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Interdisciplinarity

Interdisciplinarity or interdisciplinary studies involves the combining of two or more academic disciplines into one activity (e.g., a research project).

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Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission

The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (IOC/UNESCO) was established by resolution 2.31 adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO.

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Internal wave

Internal waves are gravity waves that oscillate within a fluid medium, rather than on its surface.

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Iquique

Iquique is a port city and commune in northern Chile, capital of both the Iquique Province and Tarapacá Region.

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Iwate Prefecture

is a prefecture in the Tōhoku region of Japan.

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Japan

Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Japan Meteorological Agency

The, JMA, is an agency of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism.

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Japan National Press Club

The is an association of journalists in Japan.

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Kaikoura Peninsula

The Kaikoura Peninsula is located in the northeast of New Zealand's South Island.

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Kamakura

is a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.

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Kanji

Kanji (漢字) are the adopted logographic Chinese characters that are used in the Japanese writing system.

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Kanyakumari

Kanyakumari is a City in Kanyakumari district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.

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La Palma

La Palma, also San Miguel de La Palma, is the most north-westerly island of the Canary Islands, Spain.

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Landslide

The term landslide or, less frequently, landslip, refers to several forms of mass wasting that include a wide range of ground movements, such as rockfalls, deep-seated slope failures, mudflows and debris flows.

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Laupāhoehoe, Hawaii

Laupāhoehoe is a census-designated place (CDP) in Hawaii County, Hawaii, United States, in the District of North Hilo.

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Linda Maria Koldau

Linda Maria Koldau (born October 28, 1971) is a German musicologist and Chair of Musicology and Cultural History (formerly Knud Jeppesen's Chair of Musicology) at Aarhus University in Denmark.

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List of natural disasters by death toll

A natural disaster is a sudden event that causes widespread destruction, lots of collateral damage or loss of life, brought about by forces other than the acts of human beings.

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List of tsunamis affecting New Zealand

Tsunamis affecting New Zealand are mainly due to the country being part of the geologically active Pacific Plate and associated with the Pacific Ring of Fire.

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Lists of earthquakes

The following is a list of earthquake lists, and of top earthquakes by magnitude and fatalities.

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Marine and Petroleum Geology

Marine and Petroleum Geology is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering marine and petroleum geology.

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Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.

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Megathrust earthquake

Megathrust earthquakes occur at subduction zones at destructive convergent plate boundaries, where one tectonic plate is forced underneath another.

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Megatsunami

A megatsunami is a very large wave created by a large, sudden displacement of material into a body of water.

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Mercalli intensity scale

The Mercalli intensity scale is a seismic intensity scale used for measuring the intensity of an earthquake.

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Meteorite

A meteorite is a solid piece of debris from an object, such as a comet, asteroid, or meteoroid, that originates in outer space and survives its passage through the atmosphere to reach the surface of a planet or moon.

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Meteorology

Meteorology is a branch of the atmospheric sciences which includes atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric physics, with a major focus on weather forecasting.

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Meteotsunami

A meteotsunami or meteorological tsunami is a tsunami-like wave of meteorological origin.

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Minoan eruption

The Minoan eruption of Thera, also referred to as the Thera eruption, Santorini eruption, or Late Bronze Age eruption, was a major catastrophic volcanic eruption with a Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) of 6 or 7 and a dense-rock equivalent (DRE) of, Dated to the mid-second millennium BCE, the eruption was one of the largest volcanic events on Earth in recorded history.

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Moment magnitude scale

The moment magnitude scale (MMS; denoted as Mw or M) is one of many seismic magnitude scales used to measure the size of earthquakes.

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Monte Toc

Monte Toc, nicknamed the walking mountain by locals due to its tendency to landslide, is a mountain on the border between Veneto and Friuli-Venezia Giulia in Northern Italy best known for the Vajont Dam, which was built at the mountain's base in 1960.

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National Geographic Society

The National Geographic Society (NGS), headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States, is one of the largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions in the world.

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National Geophysical Data Center

The United States National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) provided scientific stewardship, products and services for geophysical data describing the solid earth, marine, and solar-terrestrial environment, as well as earth observations from space.

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National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.

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National Weather Service

The National Weather Service (NWS) is an agency of the United States Federal Government that is tasked with providing weather forecasts, warnings of hazardous weather, and other weather-related products to organizations and the public for the purposes of protection, safety, and general information.

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Nature (journal)

Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.

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New Zealand Army

The New Zealand Army (Ngāti Tūmatauenga, "Tribe of the God of War") is the land component of the New Zealand Defence Force and comprises around 4,500 Regular Force personnel, 2,000 Territorial Force personnel and 500 civilians.

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Nova (TV series)

Nova (stylized NOVΛ) is an American popular science television series produced by WGBH Boston.

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Nuclear weapon

A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb).

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Oceanography

Oceanography (compound of the Greek words ὠκεανός meaning "ocean" and γράφω meaning "write"), also known as oceanology, is the study of the physical and biological aspects of the ocean.

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Okushiri, Hokkaido

is a town on Okushiri Island, located in Hiyama Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan.

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Operation Hardtack I

Operation Hardtack I was a series of 35 nuclear tests conducted by the United States from April 28 to August 18 in 1958 at the Pacific Proving Grounds.

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Outer trench swell

The outer trench swell, outer trench high, or outer rise is a subtle ridge on the seafloor near an oceanic trench, where a descending plate begins to flex and fault in preparation for its descent into the mantle at a subduction zone.

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Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory

The Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL) is a laboratory in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR).

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Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.

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Pacific Proving Grounds

The Pacific Proving Grounds was the name given by the United States government to a number of sites in the Marshall Islands and a few other sites in the Pacific Ocean at which it conducted nuclear testing between 1946 and 1962.

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Pacific Rim

The Pacific Rim comprises the lands around the rim of the Pacific Ocean.

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Pacific Tsunami Warning Center

The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC) is one of two tsunami warning centers that are operated by NOAA in the United States.

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Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea (PNG;,; Papua Niugini; Hiri Motu: Papua Niu Gini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia.

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Phuket Province

Phuket (ภูเก็ต,, Talang or Tanjung Salang) is one of the southern provinces (''changwat'') of Thailand.

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Plate tectonics

Plate tectonics (from the Late Latin tectonicus, from the τεκτονικός "pertaining to building") is a scientific theory describing the large-scale motion of seven large plates and the movements of a larger number of smaller plates of the Earth's lithosphere, since tectonic processes began on Earth between 3 and 3.5 billion years ago.

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Present

The present (or here and now) is the time that is associated with the events perceived directly and in the first time, not as a recollection (perceived more than once) or a speculation (predicted, hypothesis, uncertain).

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Rayleigh wave

Rayleigh waves are a type of surface acoustic wave that travel along the surface of solids.

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Réunion

Réunion (La Réunion,; previously Île Bourbon) is an island and region of France in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar and southwest of Mauritius.

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Rogue wave

Rogue waves (also known as freak waves, monster waves, episodic waves, killer waves, extreme waves, and abnormal waves) are large, unexpected and suddenly appearing surface waves that can be extremely dangerous, even to large ships such as ocean liners.

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Seiche

A seiche is a standing wave in an enclosed or partially enclosed body of water.

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Seismology

Seismology (from Ancient Greek σεισμός (seismós) meaning "earthquake" and -λογία (-logía) meaning "study of") is the scientific study of earthquakes and the propagation of elastic waves through the Earth or through other planet-like bodies.

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Shakespear Regional Park

Shakespear Regional Park is a nature park in the Auckland Region of New Zealand.

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Sneaker wave

A sneaker wave, sleeper wave, or in Australia a king wave is a disproportionately large coastal wave that can sometimes appear in a wave train without warning.

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Special English

Special English is a controlled version of the English language first used on 19 October 1959, and still presented daily by the United States broadcasting service Voice of America (VOA).

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Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.

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Storegga Slide

The three Storegga Slides are considered to be amongst the largest known landslides.

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Storm surge

A storm surge, storm flood or storm tide is a coastal flood or tsunami-like phenomenon of rising water commonly associated with low pressure weather systems (such as tropical cyclones and strong extratropical cyclones), the severity of which is affected by the shallowness and orientation of the water body relative to storm path, as well as the timing of tides.

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Subduction

Subduction is a geological process that takes place at convergent boundaries of tectonic plates where one plate moves under another and is forced or sinks due to gravity into the mantle.

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Submarine earthquake

A submarine, undersea, or underwater earthquake is an earthquake that occurs underwater at the bottom of a body of water, especially an ocean.

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Submarine landslide

Submarine landslides are marine landslides that transport sediment across the continental shelf and into the deep ocean.

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Subsidence

Subsidence is the motion of a surface (usually, the earth's surface) as it shifts downward relative to a datum such as sea level.

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Supervolcano

A supervolcano is a large volcano that has had an eruption of magnitude 8, which is the largest value on the Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI).

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Surrey

Surrey is a county in South East England, and one of the home counties.

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Tarō, Iwate

was a town located in Shimohei District, Iwate Prefecture, Japan.

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Tauredunum event

The Tauredunum event of 563 AD was a tsunami on Lake Geneva, triggered by a massive landslide, which caused widespread devastation and loss of life along the lakeshore.

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Tectonic uplift

Tectonic uplift is the portion of the total geologic uplift of the mean Earth surface that is not attributable to an isostatic response to unloading.

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Tectonic weapon

A tectonic weapon is a hypothetical device or system which could create earthquakes, volcanoes, or other seismic events in specified locations by interfering with the Earth's natural geological processes.

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Teletsunami

A teletsunami (also called an ocean-wide tsunami, distant tsunami, distant-source tsunami, far-field tsunami, or trans-ocean tsunami) is a tsunami that originates from a distant source, defined as more than away or three hours' travel from the area of interest, sometimes travelling across an ocean.

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The Daily Telegraph

The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.

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The Japan Times

The Japan Times is Japan's largest and oldest English-language daily newspaper.

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The New Zealand Herald

The New Zealand Herald is a daily newspaper published in Auckland, New Zealand, owned by New Zealand Media and Entertainment.

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The Sydney Morning Herald

The Sydney Morning Herald (SMH) is a daily compact newspaper published by Fairfax Media in Sydney, Australia.

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Thrust fault

A thrust fault is a break in the Earth's crust, across which older rocks are pushed above younger rocks.

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Thucydides

Thucydides (Θουκυδίδης,, Ancient Attic:; BC) was an Athenian historian and general.

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Tidal bore

A tidal bore, often simply given as bore in context, is a tidal phenomenon in which the leading edge of the incoming tide forms a wave (or waves) of water that travels up a river or narrow bay against the direction of the river or bay's current.

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Tide

Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the Moon and the Sun and the rotation of Earth.

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Tilly Smith

Tilly Smith (born 1994) is an English woman who, at age 10, was credited with saving nearly a hundred foreign tourists at Maikhao Beach in Thailand by warning beachgoers minutes before the arrival of the tsunami caused by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake.

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Topography

Topography is the study of the shape and features of the surface of the Earth and other observable astronomical objects including planets, moons, and asteroids.

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Tsunami bomb

The tsunami bomb was an attempt during World War II to develop a tectonic weapon that could create destructive tsunamis.

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Tsunami Society

The Tsunami Society, also known as the International Tsunami Society, is a professional society for the research of and dissemination of knowledge about tsunamis.

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Tsunami warning system

A tsunami warning system (TWS) is used to detect tsunamis in advance and issue warnings to prevent loss of life and damage.

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Tsunami-proof building

A tsunami-proof building is a purposefully designed building which will, through its design integrity, withstand and survive the forces of a tsunami wave or extreme storm surge.

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Tsunamis affecting the British Isles

Tsunamis affecting the British Isles are extremely uncommon, and there have only been two confirmed cases in recorded history.

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Tsunamis in lakes

A tsunami is defined as a series of water waves caused by the displacement of a large volume of a body of water, such as an ocean.

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Types of volcanic eruptions

Several types of volcanic eruptions—during which lava, tephra (ash, lapilli, volcanic bombs and volcanic blocks), and assorted gases are expelled from a volcanic vent or fissure—have been distinguished by volcanologists.

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U.S. Route 101 in Washington

U.S. Route 101 (US 101) is a United States Numbered Highway that runs along the Pacific Coast from Los Angeles, California to Tumwater, Washington.

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Underwater explosion

An underwater explosion (also known as an UNDEX) is a chemical or nuclear explosion that occurs under the surface of a body of water.

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UNESCO

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.

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United States Geological Survey

The United States Geological Survey (USGS, formerly simply Geological Survey) is a scientific agency of the United States government.

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University of Tokyo

, abbreviated as or UTokyo, is a public research university located in Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan.

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Vajont Dam

The Vajont Dam (or Vaiont Dam) is a disused dam, completed in 1959 in the valley of the Vajont River under Monte Toc, in the municipality of Erto e Casso, 100 km (60 miles) north of Venice, Italy.

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Voice of America

Voice of America (VOA) is a U.S. government-funded international radio broadcast source that serves as the United States federal government's official institution for non-military, external broadcasting.

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Washington (state)

Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.

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Wave

In physics, a wave is a disturbance that transfers energy through matter or space, with little or no associated mass transport.

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Wave shoaling

In fluid dynamics, wave shoaling is the effect by which surface waves entering shallower water change in wave height.

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Wavelength

In physics, the wavelength is the spatial period of a periodic wave—the distance over which the wave's shape repeats.

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Wind wave

In fluid dynamics, wind waves, or wind-generated waves, are surface waves that occur on the free surface of bodies of water (like oceans, seas, lakes, rivers, canals, puddles or ponds).

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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1755 Lisbon earthquake

The 1755 Lisbon earthquake, also known as the Great Lisbon earthquake, occurred in the Kingdom of Portugal on the morning of Saturday, 1 November, the holy day of All Saints' Day, at around 09:40 local time.

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1783 Calabrian earthquakes

The 1783 Calabrian earthquakes were a sequence of five strong earthquakes that hit the region of Calabria in southern Italy (then part of the Kingdom of Naples), the first two of which produced significant tsunamis.

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1896 Sanriku earthquake

The 1896 Sanriku earthquake was one of the most destructive seismic events in Japanese history.

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1908 Messina earthquake

The 1908 Messina earthquake (also known as the 1908 Messina and Reggio earthquake) occurred on 28 December in Sicily and Calabria, southern Italy with a moment magnitude of 7.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme).

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1933 Sanriku earthquake

The occurred on the Sanriku coast of the Tōhoku region of Honshū, Japan on March 2 with a moment magnitude of 8.4.

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1946 Aleutian Islands earthquake

The 1946 Aleutian Islands earthquake occurred near the Aleutian Islands, Alaska on April 1.

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1958 Lituya Bay megatsunami

The 1958 Lituya Bay megatsunami occurred on, following an earthquake with a moment magnitude of 7.8 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme).

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1960 Valdivia earthquake

The 1960 Valdivia earthquake (Terremoto de Valdivia) or Great Chilean earthquake (Gran terremoto de Chile) of 22 May is the most powerful earthquake ever recorded.

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1964 Alaska earthquake

The 1964 Alaskan earthquake, also known as the Great Alaskan earthquake and Good Friday earthquake, occurred at 5:36 PM AST on Good Friday, March 27.

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1977 Sumba earthquake

The 1977 Sumba earthquake (also called the Sumbawa earthquake) occurred approximately south of Bima, Sumbawa, and beneath the Indian Ocean, at.

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1993 Hokkaidō earthquake

The occurred at 13:17:12 UTC on in the Sea of Japan near the island of Hokkaido.

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2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami

The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake occurred at 00:58:53 UTC on 26 December with the epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia.

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2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami

The was a magnitude 9.0–9.1 (Mw) undersea megathrust earthquake off the coast of Japan that occurred at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC) on Friday 11 March 2011, with the epicentre approximately east of the Oshika Peninsula of Tōhoku and the hypocenter at an underwater depth of approximately.

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365 Crete earthquake

The 365 Crete earthquake occurred at about sunrise on 21 July 365 in the Eastern Mediterranean, with an assumed epicentre near Crete.

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426 BC Malian Gulf tsunami

The 426 BC Malian Gulf tsunami devastated the coasts of the Malian and Euboean Gulfs, Greece, in the summer of 426 BC.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsunami

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