363 relations: A1 motorway (Tunisia), A3 motorway (Tunisia), A4 motorway (Tunisia), Abbès Mohsen, Abd al-Mu'min, Abdellatif Kechiche, Abdelwahab Meddeb, Abu Zakariya Yahya, Achille Varzi, Administrative centre, Adrien Loir, Africa, Africa (Roman province), Aghlabids, Al-Husayn II ibn Mahmud, Al-Mu'izz ibn Badis, Al-Mustansir Billah, Al-Zaytuna Mosque, Alain Boublil, Albert Memmi, Alberto Pellegrino, Algiers, Allies of World War II, Almohad Caliphate, Amel Karboul, Amman, Amphibious warfare, Ancient Carthage, Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Andalusians, Appian, Arab League, Arab Spring, Arabic, Arabic music, Arabs, Archaeology, Ariana, Aryanah, ATP Challenger Tour, Auguste and Louis Lumière, Augustus, Avenue Habib Bourguiba, Axis powers, Bab el Bhar, Ballet, Banu Hilal, Barbary pirates, Barbary slave trade, ..., Bardo National Museum, Bardo National Museum (Tunis), Bardo National Museum attack, Battle of Lepanto, Béja, Béjaïa, Ben Arous, Berber languages, Berges du Lac, Bertrand Delanoë, Bey, Bishop, Bizerte, Borj El Amri, Bourgeoisie, Byzantine Empire, Caliphate, Cap Bon, Capital city, Caravanserai, Carpet, Carthage, Carthage (municipality), Carthage Film Festival, Carthage Palace, Carthage University, Cassius Dio, Cathedral of St. Vincent de Paul, Cement, Central European Time, Chamber of Advisors, Chamber of Deputies (Tunisia), Champs-Élysées, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Chikly, Choir, Chokri El Ouaer, Claudia Cardinale, Clay, Club Africain, Cologne, Compagnie des phosphates de Gafsa, Conquest of Tunis (1534), Conquest of Tunis (1535), Conquest of Tunis (1574), Constantinople, Constitution of Tunisia, Cornelius Nepos, Cost of living, Crimean War, Dar Ben Abdallah, Dar El Bey, Dar Hussein, Dar Othman, Democratic Constitutional Rally, Den Den, Dey, Diodorus Siculus, Djedeida, Djerba, Doha, Douar Hicher, Durum, Eastern Orthodox Church, Egypt, El Battan, El Kala, El Kef, El Menzah, El Mourouj, Espérance Sportive de Tunis, Ettadhamen-Mnihla, Expatriate, Ezzouhour, Fatimid Caliphate, Festival, Fez, Morocco, FIBA Africa Championship 1965, FIBA Africa Championship 1987, First Army (United Kingdom), Fouad Mebazaa, French protectorate of Tunisia, Gafsa, Georges Wolinski, GeoTLD, Ghassanids, Governorates of Tunisia, Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and all Africa, Greeks, Gulf of Tunis, Habib Bourguiba, Hafsid dynasty, Halfaouine Child of the Terraces, Hammadid dynasty, Hammam-Lif, Hammouda Pacha Mosque, Hammuda ibn Ali, Hanafi, Handball, Hasan ibn al-Nu'man, Hayreddin Barbarossa, Heavy industry, Herodotus, Hong Kong Observatory, Husainid dynasty, Hygiene, Ibn Battuta, Ibn Khaldun, Ibrahim II of Ifriqiya, Ifriqiya, Insurgency, International Festival of Carthage, ISO 3166-2:TN, Israeli Air Force, Istanbul, Isthmus, Italian Tunisians, Italy, Janissaries, Jeddah, Kabyle people, Kairouan, Kalâat el-Andalous, Karim Saidi, Karine Chemla, Kasbah, Köppen climate classification, Khaldounia, Khaled Mouelhi, Khawarij, Khurasanid dynasty, Ksar Mosque, Kuwait City, La Goulette, La Marsa, La Soukra, Lake of Tunis, Le Bardo, Le Kram, Legume, Lisbon, List of Beys of Tunis, List of highways numbered 3, List of sovereign states, List of terrorist incidents, Literacy, Livy, Louis IX of France, Ma'luf, Madrasa, Madrasa El Bachia, Madrasa Ennakhla, Madrasa Slimania, Maghreb, Mahdia, Maliki, Manouba, Manouba University, Marc Gicquel, Marcel Lehoux, Marrakesh, Marseille, Mausoleum, Mégrine, Métro léger de Tunis, Medina of Tunis, Mediterranean climate, Mediterranean Games, Mediterranean Sea, Medjerda River, Mercenary War, Metres above sea level, Middle Ages, Milian, Mohamedia-Fouchana, Moors, Mornag, Mornaguia, Mosaic, Moscow, Movement of Socialist Democrats, Movie theater, Mu'jam al-Buldan, Muscat, Music of Tunisia, Muslim, Muslim world, Mustapha Ben Jafar, Mutuelleville, Naples, Nasir ibn Alnas, National Institute of Statistics (Tunisia), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Theatre of Tunisia, Navy, Nicola Pietrangeli, Occhiali, Olive oil, Open University, Opera, Operation Wooden Leg, Ottoman Empire, Oued Ellil, Oulaya, Palermo, Palestine Liberation Organization, Pantelleria, Paris, Pasha, Philippe Di Folco, Phillip King (sculptor), Phosphate, Pierre Darmon, Plutarch, Polybius, Popular Unity Party (Tunisia), Postal code, Prague, President of Tunisia, Primary source, Privateer, Public transport, Punic Wars, Punics, Rabat, Radès, Radio Tunis, Raoued, Ras Jebel, Réseau Express Régional, Robert Blake (admiral), Roberto Blanco, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Tunis, Roman Republic, Rome, Royal Palace of Madrid, Rudolf Caracciola, Sadiki College, Saheb Ettabaâ Mosque, Salah El Mahdi, Santiago, Süleymaniye Mosque, Serge Adda, Sfax, Sicily, Sidi Bou Said, Sidi Mahrez Mosque, Sidi Thabet, Sidi-Meskin, Silius Italicus, Sirocco, Sister city, Social Liberal Party (Tunisia), Société des transports de Tunis, Souk Ech-Chaouachine, Souk El Attarine, Souk El Berka, Souk El Leffa, Souk En Nhas, Souk Es Sabbaghine, Souq, South Korea, Stade Chedly Zouiten, Stade El Menzah, Stade Tunisien, Strabo, Strait of Sicily, Sunni Islam, Tabula Peutingeriana, Tahar Haddad, Tanit, Taqiyah (cap), Tarak Ben Ammar, Tashkent, Tazio Nuvolari, Tebourba, Tertiary sector of the economy, TGM, Théâtre municipal de Tunis, The English Patient (film), The Last Days of Pompeii, The Rachidia, Theâtre de l'Étoile du Nord, Third Punic War, Tourbet el Bey, Tripoli, Tunis, Tunis Governorate, Tunis Open, Tunis Sports City, Tunis University, Tunis–Carthage International Airport, Tunisia, Tunisia Private University, Tunisian Community Center, Tunisian Constitution of 2014, Tunisian Railways, Tunisian Symphony Orchestra, Ubayd Allah ibn al-Habhab, Unionist Democratic Union, University of Ez-Zitouna, University of Michigan, Urban sprawl, Water supply network, World Heritage site, World Meteorological Organization, Yaqut al-Hamawi, Yazid Zerhouni, Youssef Dey Mosque, Zawiya (institution), Zirid dynasty, .tn, 5th Panzer Army. Expand index (313 more) » « Shrink index
Tunisia's A1 or A-1 motorway is a 247 km road connecting Tunis and Sfax.
The A3 links Tunis capital of Tunisia, the village of Oued Zarga (66.3 km).
The A4 is a motorway connecting Tunis and Bizerte.
Abbès Mohsen (born 25 October 1945) is a Tunisian politician.
`Abd al Mu'min (c. 1094–1163) (عبد المؤمن بن علي or عبد المومن الــكـومي; full name: Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd al-Muʾmin ibn ʿAlī ibn ʿAlwī ibn Yaʿlā al-Kūmī) was a prominent member of the Almohad movement.
Abdellatif Kechiche (عبد اللطيف كشيش, born 7 December 1960) is a Tunisian-French actor, film director and screenwriter.
Abdelwahab Meddeb (عبد الوهاب المدب; 1946 – 5 November 2014) was a French-language poet, novelist, essayist, translator, editor, cultural critic, political commentator, radio producer, public intellectual and professor of comparative literature at the University of Paris X-Nanterre.
Abu Zakariya Yahya (Abu Zakariya Yahya I ben Abd al-Wahid) (12031249) was the founder and first sultan of the Hafsid dynasty in Ifriqiya.
Achille Varzi (8 August 1904 – 1 July 1948) was an Italian Grand Prix driver.
An administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government, or a county town, or the place where the central administration of a commune is located.
Adrien Loir (December 15, 1862 – 1941) was a French bacteriologist born in Lyon.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Africa Proconsularis was a Roman province on the north African coast that was established in 146 BC following the defeat of Carthage in the Third Punic War.
The Aghlabids (الأغالبة) were an Arab dynasty of emirs from Banu Tamim, who ruled Ifriqiya, nominally on behalf of the Abbasid Caliph, for about a century, until overthrown by the new power of the Fatimids.
Al-Husayn II ibn Mahmud (March 5, 1784 – May 20, 1835) was the Bey of Tunis from 1824 until his death in 1835.
Al- Muʻizz ibn Bādīs; 1008–1062) was the fourth ruler of the Zirids in Ifriqiya, reigning from 1016 to 1062.
Abū Tamīm Ma‘ad al-Mustanṣir bi-llāh (أبو تميم معد المستنصر بالله.‎; July 5, 1029 – January 10, 1094) was the eighth caliph of the Fatimid Caliphate from 1036 until 1094.
Ez-Zitouna Mosque or Ezzitouna Mosque or Mosque of El-Zituna (جامع الزيتونة, literally meaning the Mosque of Olive) is a major mosque in Tunis, Tunisia.
Alain Boublil (born 5 March 1941) is a French musical theatre lyricist and librettist, best known for his collaborations with the composer Claude-Michel Schönberg for musicals on Broadway and London's West End.
Albert Memmi (ألبرت ميمي; born December 15, 1920) is a French writer and essayist of Tunisian-Jewish origin.
Alberto Pellegrino (20 May 1930 – 9 March 1996) was an Italian fencer.
Algiers (الجزائر al-Jazā’er, ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻ, Alger) is the capital and largest city of Algeria.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
The Almohad Caliphate (British English:, U.S. English:; ⵉⵎⵡⴻⵃⵃⴷⴻⵏ (Imweḥḥden), from Arabic الموحدون, "the monotheists" or "the unifiers") was a Moroccan Berber Muslim movement and empire founded in the 12th century.
Amel Karboul (Tunisian Arabic: آمال كربول), born April 25, 1973, is a Tunisian author, speaker, politician, philanthropist, and business leader.
Amman (عمّان) is the capital and most populous city of Jordan, and the country's economic, political and cultural centre.
Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that today uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.
Carthage (from Carthago; Punic:, Qart-ḥadašt, "New City") was the Phoenician state, including, during the 7th–3rd centuries BC, its wider sphere of influence, known as the Carthaginian Empire.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
The Andalusians (andaluces) are a Spanish ethnic group that live in the southern region in Spain approximated by what is now called Andalusia.
Appian of Alexandria (Ἀππιανὸς Ἀλεξανδρεύς Appianòs Alexandreús; Appianus Alexandrinus) was a Greek historian with Roman citizenship who flourished during the reigns of Emperors of Rome Trajan, Hadrian, and Antoninus Pius.
The Arab League (الجامعة العربية), formally the League of Arab States (جامعة الدول العربية), is a regional organization of Arab states in and around North Africa, the Horn of Africa and Arabia.
The Arab Spring (الربيع العربي ar-Rabīʻ al-ʻArabī), also referred to as Arab Revolutions (الثورات العربية aṯ-'awrāt al-ʻarabiyyah), was a revolutionary wave of both violent and non-violent demonstrations, protests, riots, coups, foreign interventions, and civil wars in North Africa and the Middle East that began on 18 December 2010 in Tunisia with the Tunisian Revolution.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
Arabic music or Arab music (Arabic: الموسيقى العربية – ALA-LC) is the music of the Arab people.
Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
Ariana, the Latinized form of the Ancient Greek Ἀρ(ε)ιανή Ar(e)ianē (inhabitants: Ariani; Ἀρ(ε)ιανοί Ar(e)ianoi), was a general geographical term used by some Greek and Roman authors of the ancient period for a district of wide extent between Central Asia and the Indus River, compromising the eastern provinces of the Achaemenid Empire that covered the whole of modern-day Afghanistan, as well as the easternmost part of Iran and up to the Indus River in Pakistan (former Northern India).
Aryanah or Ariana (أريانة) is a coastal city in north-eastern Tunisia, part the agglomeration of Tunis, also called "Grand Tunis".
The ATP Challenger Tour, known until the end of 2008 as the ATP Challenger Series, is a series of international men's professional tennis tournaments.
The Lumière brothers, Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas; 19 October 1862 – 10 April 1954) and Louis Jean; 5 October 1864 – 7 June 1948), were among the first filmmakers in history. They patented an improved cinematograph, which in contrast to Thomas Edison's "peepshow" kinetoscope allowed simultaneous viewing by multiple parties.
Augustus (Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, controlling Imperial Rome from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.
Avenue Habib Bourguiba (شارع حبيب بورڨيبة) is the central thoroughfare of Tunis, and the historical political and economic heart of Tunisia.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
Bab el Bhar ("the sea gate"), also known as Porte De France (the gate of France), is a city gate in Tunis, the capital of Tunisia.
Ballet is a type of performance dance that originated during the Italian Renaissance in the 15th century and later developed into a concert dance form in France and Russia.
The Banu Hilal (Arabic: بنو هلال or الهلاليين) was a confederation of tribes of Arabia from the Hejaz and Najd regions of the Arabian Peninsula that emigrated to North Africa in the 11th century.
The Barbary pirates, sometimes called Barbary corsairs or Ottoman corsairs, were Ottoman pirates and privateers who operated from North Africa, based primarily in the ports of Salé, Rabat, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli.
The Barbary slave trade refers to the slave markets that were extremely lucrative and vast on the Barbary Coast of North Africa, which included the Ottoman provinces of Algeria, Tunisia and Tripolitania and the independent sultanate of Morocco, between the 16th and middle of the 18th century.
Bardo National Museum or Musée National du Bardo may refer to.
The Bardo National Museum (translit; Musée national du Bardo) is a museum of Tunis, Tunisia, located in the suburbs of Le Bardo.
On 18 March 2015, three militants attacked the Bardo National Museum in the Tunisian capital city of Tunis, and took hostages.
The Battle of Lepanto was a naval engagement that took place on 7 October 1571 when a fleet of the Holy League, of which the Venetian Empire and the Spanish Empire were the main powers, inflicted a major defeat on the fleet of the Ottoman Empire in the Gulf of Patras, where Ottoman forces sailing westward from their naval station in Lepanto (the Venetian name of ancient Naupactus Ναύπακτος, Ottoman İnebahtı) met the fleet of the Holy League sailing east from Messina, Sicily.
Beja (باجة) is a city in Tunisia.
Béjaïa (بِجَايَة, Bijayah; Bgayet, Bgayeth, ⴱⴳⴰⵢⴻⵜ), formerly Bougie and Bugia, is a Mediterranean port city on the Gulf of Béjaïa in Algeria; it is the capital of Béjaïa Province, Kabylia.
Ben Arous (بن عروس) is a city in north-eastern Tunisia, part the agglomeration of Tunis, also called "Grand Tunis".
The Berber languages, also known as Berber or the Amazigh languages (Berber name: Tamaziɣt, Tamazight; Neo-Tifinagh: ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ, Tuareg Tifinagh: ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗⵜ, ⵝⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗⵝ), are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family.
Les Berges du Lac (Arabic: ضفاف البحيرة) is an affluent neighborhood in Tunis, Tunisia.
Bertrand Delanoë (born 30 May 1950) is a retired French politician who was Mayor of Paris from 25 March 2001 to 5 April 2014.
“Bey” (بك “Beik”, bej, beg, بيه “Beyeh”, بیگ “Beyg” or بگ “Beg”) is a Turkish title for chieftain, traditionally applied to the leaders or rulers of various sized areas in the Ottoman Empire.
A bishop (English derivation from the New Testament of the Christian Bible Greek επίσκοπος, epískopos, "overseer", "guardian") is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight.
Bizerte (بنزرت); historically: Phoenician: Hippo Acra, Hippo Diarrhytus and Hippo Zarytus), also known in English as Bizerta, is a town of Bizerte Governorate in Tunisia. It is the northernmost city in Africa, located 65 km (40mil) north of the capital Tunis. The city had 142,966 inhabitants in 2014.
Borj El Amri or Bordj El Amri (برج العامري) is a town in the Manouba Governorate of Tunisia.
The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
A caliphate (خِلافة) is a state under the leadership of an Islamic steward with the title of caliph (خَليفة), a person considered a religious successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad and a leader of the entire ummah (community).
Cap Bon (الرأس الطيب), also Watan el-kibli, is a peninsula in far northeastern Tunisia.
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
A caravanserai was a roadside inn where travelers (caravaners) could rest and recover from the day's journey.
A carpet is a textile floor covering typically consisting of an upper layer of pile attached to a backing.
Carthage (from Carthago; Punic:, Qart-ḥadašt, "New City") was the center or capital city of the ancient Carthaginian civilization, on the eastern side of the Lake of Tunis in what is now the Tunis Governorate in Tunisia.
Carthage (Qarṭāj) is a commune in Tunis Governorate, Tunisia.
The Carthage Film Festival (Journées cinématographiques de Carthage, or JCC) is a film festival that takes place in Tunis.
Carthage Palace, officially called Palace of the Republic (قصر الجمهورية), is the presidential palace of Tunisia and the seat of the President of Tunisia.
The University of Carthage (جامعة قرطاج) is a university located in Tunis, Tunisia.
Cassius Dio or Dio Cassius (c. 155 – c. 235) was a Roman statesman and historian of Greek origin.
The Cathedral of St.
A cement is a binder, a substance used for construction that sets, hardens and adheres to other materials, binding them together.
Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
The Chamber of Advisors (مجلس المستشارين), also called Chamber of Councillors, was the upper house of the Parliament of Tunisia.
The Chamber of Deputies (مجلس النواب Majlis an-Nuwwāb, Chambre des députés) was the lower chamber of the Parliament of Tunisia, the bicameral legislative branch of the government of Tunisia.
The Avenue des Champs-Élysées is an avenue in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, long and wide, running between the Place de la Concorde and the Place Charles de Gaulle, where the Arc de Triomphe is located.
Charles V (Carlos; Karl; Carlo; Karel; Carolus; 24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of both the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and the Spanish Empire (as Charles I of Spain) from 1516, as well as of the lands of the former Duchy of Burgundy from 1506.
Chikly (شكلي) is a small island located in the northern part of Lake of Tunis which houses Fort Santiago Chikly, a former Roman citadel which was reconstructed by the Spanish Governor of Goletta, Luys Peres Varga, between 1546 and 1550.
A choir (also known as a quire, chorale or chorus) is a musical ensemble of singers.
Chokri El Ouaer (شُكري الواعر) (born August 15, 1966) is a former Tunisian football goalkeeper.
Claudia Cardinale (born 15 April 1938) is an Italian Tunisian film actress and sex symbol who appeared in some of the most acclaimed European films of the 1960s and 1970s, mainly Italian or French, but also in several English films.
Clay is a finely-grained natural rock or soil material that combines one or more clay minerals with possible traces of quartz (SiO2), metal oxides (Al2O3, MgO etc.) and organic matter.
Club Africain (النادي الإفريقي), also known as CA, is a Tunisian omnisport club founded in 1920 in the capital city, Tunis.
Cologne (Köln,, Kölle) is the largest city in the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the fourth most populated city in Germany (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich).
The Compagnie des phosphates de Gafsa (شركة فسفاط قفصة, Gafsa Phosphate Company) or CPG is a Tunisian phosphate mining company based in Gafsa, formed in the late 19th century during the French colonial era, and once the largest employer in the country.
The conquest of Tunis occurred on 16 August 1534 when Hayreddin Barbarossa captured the city from the Hafsid ruler Muley Hasan.
The Conquest of Tunis in 1535 was an attack on Tunis, then under the control of the Ottoman Empire, by the Habsburg Empire of Charles V and its allies.
The Conquest of Tunis in 1574 marked the final conquest of Tunis by the Ottoman Empire over the Spanish Empire.
Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis; Constantinopolis) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine Empire (330–1204 and 1261–1453), and also of the brief Latin (1204–1261), and the later Ottoman (1453–1923) empires.
The Constitution of Tunisia is the supreme law of the Tunisian Republic.
Cornelius Nepos (c. 110 BC – c. 25 BC) was a Roman biographer.
Cost of living is the cost of maintaining a certain standard of living.
The Crimean War (or translation) was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain and Sardinia.
Dar Ben Abdallah (دار بن عبد الله) is an old palace in the medina of Tunis.
Dar El Bey (دارالباي), also known as the government palace (قصر الحكومة) is an old palace in the medina of Tunis.
Dar Hussein (دارحسين), is an old palace in the medina of Tunis.
Dar Othman is one of the palaces of the medina of Tunis.
The Democratic Constitutional Rally or Democratic Constitutional Assembly (التجمع الدستوري الديمقراطي, Rassemblement Constitutionnel Démocratique, sometimes also called Constitutional Democratic Rally in English), also referred to by its French initials RCD, formerly called Neo Destour then Socialist Destourian Party, was the ruling party in Tunisia from independence in 1956 until it was overthrown and dissolved in the Tunisian revolution in 2011.
Den Den is a town and commune in the Manouba Governorate, Tunisia.
Dey (Arabic: داي, from Turkish dayı) was the title given to the rulers of the Regency of Algiers (Algeria), Tripoli,Bertarelli (1929), p. 203.
Diodorus Siculus (Διόδωρος Σικελιώτης Diodoros Sikeliotes) (1st century BC) or Diodorus of Sicily was a Greek historian.
Djedeida is a town and commune in the Manouba Governorate, Tunisia.
Djerba (جربة), also transliterated as Jerba or Jarbah, is, at, the largest island of North Africa, located in the Gulf of Gabès, off the coast of Tunisia.
Doha (الدوحة, or ad-Dōḥa) is the capital and most populous city of the State of Qatar.
Douar Hicher is a town and commune in the Manouba Governorate, Tunisia.
Durum wheat, also called pasta wheat or macaroni wheat (Triticum durum or Triticum turgidum subsp. durum), is a tetraploid species of wheat.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
El Battan is a town and commune in the Manouba Governorate, Tunisia.
El Kala (القالة, French: formerly La Calle, Latin Thinisa in Numidia) is a seaport of Algeria, in El Tarf Province, 56 miles (90 km) by rail east of Annaba and 10 miles (16 km) west of the Tunisian frontier.
Kef Ouest --> El Kef (الكاف), also known as Le Kef, is a city in northwestern Tunisia.
El Menzah (المنزه), is the name given to a group of suburbs located at the north of the agglomeration of Tunis, capital of Tunisia.
El Mourouj (Arabic: المروج) is a town and commune in the southern suburbs of Tunis in the Ben Arous Governorate, Tunisia.
Espérance Sportive de Tunis (الترجي الرياضي التونسي), also known as EST, ES Tunis, Espérance ST, Espérance de Tunis or Espérance, is a sports club based in Tunis, Tunisia.
Ettadhamen-Mnihla, also known as At-Tadaman, is a town and commune, part of the agglomeration of Tunis, also known as Grand Tunis, in the Ariana Governorate, Tunisia.
An expatriate (often shortened to expat) is a person temporarily or permanently residing in a country other than their native country.
Ezzouhour is a town and commune in the Sousse Governorate, Tunisia.
The Fatimid Caliphate was an Islamic caliphate that spanned a large area of North Africa, from the Red Sea in the east to the Atlantic Ocean in the west.
A festival is an event ordinarily celebrated by a community and centering on some characteristic aspect of that community and its religion or cultures.
Fez (فاس, Berber: Fas, ⴼⴰⵙ, Fès) is a city in northern inland Morocco and the capital of the Fas-Meknas administrative region.
The FIBA Africa Championship 1965, was the third FIBA Africa Championship regional basketball championship held by FIBA Africa.
The FIBA Africa Championship 1987 was hosted by Tunisia from December 17 to December 18, 1987.
The First Army was a formation of the British Army that existed during the First and Second World Wars.
Fouad Mebazaa (فؤاد المبزع; born 15 June 1933) is a Tunisian politician who was President of Tunisia from 15 January 2011 to 13 December 2011.
The French protectorate of Tunisia (Protectorat français de Tunisie; الحماية الفرنسية في تونس) was established in 1881, during the French colonial Empire era, and lasted until Tunisian independence in 1956.
Gafsa (ڨفصة), originally called Capsa in Latin, is the capital of Gafsa Governorate of Tunisia.
Georges Wolinski (28 June 19347 January 2015) was a French cartoonist and comics writer.
A GeoTLD (geographic TLD) is a top-level domain in the Domain Name System of the Internet using the name of or invoking an association with a geographical, geopolitical, ethnic, linguistic or cultural community.
The Ghassanids (الغساسنة; al-Ghasāsinah, also Banū Ghassān "Sons of Ghassān") was an Arab kingdom, founded by descendants of the Azd tribe from Yemen who immigrated in the early 3rd century to the Levant region, where some merged with Hellenized Christian communities, converting to Christianity in the first few centuries AD while others may have already been Christians before emigrating north to escape religious persecution.
Tunisia is divided into 24 governorates (wilayat, sing. wilayah): The governorates are divided into 264 "delegations" or "districts" (mutamadiyat), and further subdivided into municipalities (baladiyat), and sectors (imadats).
The Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and all Africa (Greek: Πατριαρχεῖον Ἀλεξανδρείας καὶ πάσης Ἀφρικῆς, Patriarcheîon Alexandreías kaì pásēs Aphrikês) is an autocephalous Byzantine Rite jurisdiction of the Eastern Orthodox Church, having the African continent as its canonical territory.
The Greeks or Hellenes (Έλληνες, Éllines) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, southern Albania, Italy, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world.. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered on the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age.. Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople. Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization. The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Thessalonica, Alexandria, Smyrna, and Constantinople at various periods. Most ethnic Greeks live nowadays within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church.CIA World Factbook on Greece: Greek Orthodox 98%, Greek Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%. Greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, arts, exploration, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, science and technology, business, cuisine, and sports, both historically and contemporarily.
The Gulf of Tunis is a large Mediterranean bay in north-eastern Tunisia, extending for from Cap Farina in the west to Cap Bon in the east.
Habib Ben Ali Bourguiba (الحبيب بورقيبة al-Ḥabīb Būrqībah; 3 August 1903 – 6 April 2000) was a Tunisian lawyer, nationalist leader and statesman who served as the country's leader from independence in 1956 to 1987.
The Hafsids (الحفصيون al-Ḥafṣiyūn) were a Sunni Muslim dynasty of Berber descent who ruled Ifriqiya (western Libya, Tunisia, and eastern Algeria) from 1229 to 1574.
Halfaouine child of the terraces is a Tunisian film made in 1990, first feature film of fiction by the director Ferid Boughedir.
The Hammadid dynasty was a Sanhaja Berber dynasty that ruled an area roughly corresponding to north-eastern modern Algeria between 1008 and 1152.
Hammam-Lif (حمام الأنف, pronounced hammam linf) is a coastal town about 20 km south-east of Tunis, the capital of Tunisia.
Hammouda Pacha Mosque or Hamouda Pacha al Mouradi is a mosque in Tunis, Tunisia.
Hammuda ibn Ali (9 December 1759 – 15 September 1814) (أبو محمد حمودة باش) was the fifth leader of the Husainid dynasty and the ruler of Tunisia from May 26, 1782 until his death on September 15, 1814.
The Hanafi (حنفي) school is one of the four religious Sunni Islamic schools of jurisprudence (fiqh).
Handball (also known as team handball, fieldball, European handball or Olympic handball) is a team sport in which two teams of seven players each (six outfield players and a goalkeeper) pass a ball using their hands with the aim of throwing it into the goal of the other team.
Hasan ibn an-Nu`uman al-Ghasani (حسان بن النعمان الغساني Hasān ibn an-Nu‘umān al-Ghasānī) (d. c. 700), amir (general) of the Umayyad army in North Africa.
Hayreddin Barbarossa (Arabic: Khayr ad-Din Barbarus خير الدين بربروس), (Ariadenus Barbarussa), or Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha (Barbaros Hayreddin (Hayrettin) Paşa or Hızır Hayreddin (Hayrettin) Paşa; also Hızır Reis before being promoted to the rank of Pasha and becoming the Kapudan Pasha), born Khizr or Khidr (Turkish: Hızır; c. 1478 – 4 July 1546), was an Ottoman admiral of the fleet who was born on the island of Lesbos and died in Constantinople, the Ottoman capital.
Heavy industry is industry that involves one or more characteristics such as large and heavy products; large and heavy equipment and facilities (such as heavy equipment, large machine tools, and huge buildings); or complex or numerous processes.
Herodotus (Ἡρόδοτος, Hêródotos) was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus in the Persian Empire (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (484– 425 BC), a contemporary of Thucydides, Socrates, and Euripides.
The Hong Kong Observatory is a weather forecast agency of the government of Hong Kong.
The Husainid dynasty is a former ruling dynasty of Tunisia, which was of Cretan Turkish origin.
Hygiene is a set of practices performed to preserve health.
Ibn Battuta (محمد ابن بطوطة; fully; Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد بن عبد الله اللواتي الطنجي بن بطوطة) (February 25, 13041368 or 1369) was a Moroccan scholar who widely travelled the medieval world.
Ibn Khaldun (أبو زيد عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن خلدون الحضرمي.,; 27 May 1332 – 17 March 1406) was a fourteenth-century Arab historiographer and historian.
Abu Ishaq Ibrahim II ibn Ahmad (27 June 850 – 23 October 902) was the ninth Aghlabid emir of Ifriqiya.
Ifriqiya or Ifriqiyah or el-Maghrib el-Adna (Lower West) was the area during medieval history that comprises what is today Tunisia, Tripolitania (western Libya) and the Constantinois (eastern Algeria); all part of what was previously included in the Africa Province of the Roman Empire.
An insurgency is a rebellion against authority (for example, an authority recognized as such by the United Nations) when those taking part in the rebellion are not recognized as belligerents (lawful combatants).
The International Festival of Carthage (مهرجان قرطاج الدولي) is an annual music festival taking place in July and August since 1964 in the coastal city of Carthage (Tunisia).
ISO 3166-2:TN is the entry for Tunisia in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
The Israeli Air Force (IAF; זְרוֹעַ הָאֲוִיר וְהֶחָלָל, Zroa HaAvir VeHahalal, "Air and Space Arm", commonly known as, Kheil HaAvir, "Air Corps") operates as the aerial warfare branch of the Israel Defense Forces.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
An isthmus (or; plural: isthmuses; from neck) is a narrow piece of land connecting two larger areas across an expanse of water by which they are otherwise separated.
Italian Tunisians (or Italians of Tunisia) are Tunisians of Italian descent.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
The Janissaries (يڭيچرى, meaning "new soldier") were elite infantry units that formed the Ottoman Sultan's household troops, bodyguards and the first modern standing army in Europe.
Jeddah (sometimes spelled Jiddah or Jedda;; جدة, Hejazi pronunciation) is a city in the Hijaz Tihamah region on the coast of the Red Sea and is the major urban center of western Saudi Arabia. It is the largest city in Makkah Province, the largest seaport on the Red Sea, and with a population of about four million people, the second-largest city in Saudi Arabia after the capital city, Riyadh. Jeddah is Saudi Arabia's commercial capital. Jeddah is the principal gateway to Mecca and Medina, two of the holiest cities in Islam and popular tourist attractions. Economically, Jeddah is focusing on further developing capital investment in scientific and engineering leadership within Saudi Arabia, and the Middle East. Jeddah was independently ranked fourth in the Africa – Mid-East region in terms of innovation in 2009 in the Innovation Cities Index. Jeddah is one of Saudi Arabia's primary resort cities and was named a Beta world city by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC). Given the city's close proximity to the Red Sea, fishing and seafood dominates the food culture unlike other parts of the country. In Arabic, the city's motto is "Jeddah Ghair," which translates to "Jeddah is different." The motto has been widely used among both locals as well as foreign visitors. The city had been previously perceived as the "most open" city in Saudi Arabia.
The Kabyle people (Kabyle: Iqbayliyen) are a Berber ethnic group indigenous to Kabylia in the north of Algeria, spread across the Atlas Mountains, one hundred miles east of Algiers.
Kairouan (القيروان, also known as al-Qayrawan), is the capital of the Kairouan Governorate in Tunisia.
Kalâat el-Andalous is a town and commune in the Ariana Governorate, Tunisia.
Karim Saïdi (كريم سعيدي; born 24 March 1983 in Tunis) is a Tunisian football player who last played for Belgian club Lierse SK.
Karine Chemla (born February 8, 1957) is a French historian of mathematics and sinologist who works as a director of research at the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS).
A kasbah (qaṣbah, "central part of a town or citadel"; also known as qasaba, gasaba and quasabeh, in older English casbah or qasbah, in India qassabah and in Spanish alcazaba (remains of the Moorish Spain)) is a type of medina or fortress (citadel).
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Madrasa Al Khaldounia or simply Khaldounia (الخلدونية) is the first modern school founded in Tunisia on December 22, 1896.
Khaled "Kiko" Mouelhi (born 13 February 1981 in Tunis) is a Tunisian footballer.
The Khawarij (الخوارج, al-Khawārij, singular خارجي, khāriji), Kharijites, or the ash-Shurah (ash-Shurāh "the Exchangers") are members of a school of thought, that appeared in the first century of Islam during the First Fitna, the crisis of leadership after the death of Muhammad.
The Khurasanid Dynasty (بنو خراسان, Banu Khurasan) was a Sunni Muslim dynasty centered in Tunisia.
Ksar Mosque or Jemaâ Al Ksar, also of the Hanafi rite, is a mosque in Tunis, Tunisia.
Kuwait City (مدينة الكويت) is the capital and largest city of Kuwait.
La Goulette (حلق الوادي, La Goletta) is the port of Tunis, the capital of Tunisia.
El Marsa (المرسى, French: La Marsa) is a coastal town in far north eastern Tunisia near the capital Tunis.
La Soukra (سكرة) is a city and commune in the Ariana Governorate, Tunisia.
The Lake of Tunis is a natural lagoon located between the Tunisian capital city of Tunis and the Gulf of Tunis (Mediterranean Sea).
Le Bardo (الباردو also Bārdaw, Bardaw, and Bardois) is a Tunisian city west of Tunis.
Le Kram is a town and commune in the Tunis Governorate of Tunisia.
A legume is a plant or its fruit or seed in the family Fabaceae (or Leguminosae).
Lisbon (Lisboa) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 552,700, Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.
The Beys of Tunis were the monarchs of Tunisia from 1705, when the Husainid dynasty acceded to the throne, until 1957, when monarchy was abolished.
The following highways are numbered 3, H-3, PRI-3, AH3, E03 and R3.
This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.
This list is incomplete.
Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write.
Titus Livius Patavinus (64 or 59 BCAD 12 or 17) – often rendered as Titus Livy, or simply Livy, in English language sources – was a Roman historian.
Louis IX (25 April 1214 – 25 August 1270), commonly known as Saint Louis, was King of France and is a canonized Catholic and Anglican saint.
Ma'luf (acquainted, familiar Ma'lūf) (Malouf) is a genre of art music in the Andalusian classical music tradition of Algeria, Libya, and Tunisia.
Madrasa (مدرسة,, pl. مدارس) is the Arabic word for any type of educational institution, whether secular or religious (of any religion), and whether a school, college, or university.
Madrasa El Bachia (المدرسة الباشية) is one of the madrasahs of the medina of Tunis, located in the Booksellers Street, near the Al-Zaytuna Mosque, and in front of the Guachachine Hammam.
Madrasa Ennakhla ou Madrasa of the Palm (المدرسة السليمانية) is a former madrasa and one of the monuments of the Ottoman era in the medina of Tunis.
Madrasa Slimania (المدرسة السليمانية) is a former madrasa and one of the monuments of the Ottoman era in the medina of Tunis.
The Maghreb (al-Maɣréb lit.), also known as the Berber world, Barbary, Berbery, and Northwest Africa, is a major region of North Africa that consists primarily of the countries Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya and Mauritania.
Mahdia (المهدية) is a Tunisian coastal city with 62,189 inhabitants, south of Monastir and southeast of Sousse.
The (مالكي) school is one of the four major madhhab of Islamic jurisprudence within Sunni Islam.
Manouba (منوبة) is a city in north-eastern Tunisia, part the agglomeration of Tunis, also called "Grand Tunis".
Manouba University is a public university in Manouba, Tunisia.
Marc Gicquel (born 30 March 1977) is a former professional male tennis player from France.
Marcel Lehoux (3 April 1888 – 19 July 1936) was a French racing driver and businessman.
Marrakesh (or; مراكش Murrākuš; ⴰⵎⵓⵔⴰⴽⵓⵛ Meṛṛakec), also known by the French spelling Marrakech, is a major city of the Kingdom of Morocco.
Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.
A mausoleum is an external free-standing building constructed as a monument enclosing the interment space or burial chamber of a deceased person or people.
Mégrine (مقرين) is a town and commune in the Ben Arous Governorate, Tunisia.
The Métro léger de Tunis (also Tunis Métro, المترو الخفيف لمدينة تونس, el-metrū el-khfīf li-mdīnat tūnis) is an expanding public transportation network for the Tunis area that was started in 1985.
The Medina of Tunis is the Medina quarter of Tunis, capital of Tunisia.
A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by rainy winters and dry summers.
The Mediterranean Games are a multi-sport games held usually every four years, between nations around or very close to the Mediterranean Sea, where Europe, Africa, and Asia meet.
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
The Medjerda River (واد مجردا) is a river in North Africa flowing from northeast Algeria through Tunisia before emptying into the Gulf of Tunis and Lake of Tunis.
The Mercenary War (240 BC – 238 BC), also called the Libyan War and the Truceless War by Polybius, was an uprising of mercenary armies formerly employed by Carthage, backed by Libyan settlements revolting against Carthaginian control.
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Milian is a Spanish (Milián) and Polish surname: from a reduced form of the Latin personal name Aemilianus (a derivative of Aemilius, a Roman family name probably derived from aemulus ‘rival’).
Mohamedia-Fouchana is a municipality in the Ben Arous Governorate, Tunisia.
The term "Moors" refers primarily to the Muslim inhabitants of the Maghreb, the Iberian Peninsula, Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, and Malta during the Middle Ages.
Mornag is a small town and commune in Tunisia.
Mornaguia is a town and commune in the Manouba Governorate, Tunisia, located 14 kilometres from Tunis.
A mosaic is a piece of art or image made from the assemblage of small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
The Movement of Socialist Democrats (حركة الديمقراطيين الاشتراكيين,; Mouvement des démocrates socialistes, MDS, also translated as "Socialist Democrats Movement") is a political party in Tunisia.
A movie theater/theatre (American English), cinema (British English) or cinema hall (Indian English) is a building that contains an auditorium for viewing films (also called movies) for entertainment.
Mu'jam al-buldan (معجم البلدان Dictionary of Countries) is a book by Yaqut al-Hamawi, a Muslim scholar who is famous for his encyclopedic books.
Muscat (مسقط) is the capital and largest city of Oman.
Tunisia is a North African country with a predominantly Arabic-speaking population.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
The terms Muslim world and Islamic world commonly refer to the unified Islamic community (Ummah), consisting of all those who adhere to the religion of Islam, or to societies where Islam is practiced.
Mustapha Ben Jafar (مصطفى بن جعفر) (born 8 December 1940) is a Tunisian politician and medical doctor who was President of the Constituent Assembly of Tunisia from November 2011 to December 2014.
Mutuelleville is a district of Tunis, the capital of Tunisia.
Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.
An-Nasir ibn Alnas (died 1088) was the fifth ruler of the Hammadids in Algeria, from 1062 until his death.
The National Institute of Statistics (officially in Institut national de la statistique (INS); or in المعهد الوطني للإحصاء-تونس) is Tunisia's statistics agency.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.
The National Theatre of Tunisia (Théâtre national tunisien) is a Tunisian Government-owned corporation of a cultural nature.
A navy or maritime force is the branch of a nation's armed forces principally designated for naval and amphibious warfare; namely, lake-borne, riverine, littoral, or ocean-borne combat operations and related functions.
Nicola "Nicky" Pietrangeli (born 11 September 1933) is a former Italian tennis player.
Occhiali (Giovanni Dionigi Galeni or Giovan Dionigi Galeni, also Uluj Ali, Uluç Ali Reis, later Uluç Ali Paşa and finally Kılıç Ali Paşa; 1519 – 21 June 1587) was an Italian farmer, then Ottoman privateer and admiral, who later became beylerbey of the Regency of Algiers, and finally Grand Admiral (Kapudan Pasha) of the Ottoman fleet in the 16th century.
Olive oil is a liquid fat obtained from olives (the fruit of Olea europaea; family Oleaceae), a traditional tree crop of the Mediterranean Basin.
The Open University (OU) is a public distance learning and research university, and one of the biggest universities in the UK for undergraduate education.
Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.
Operation "Wooden Leg" (מבצע רגל עץ Mivtza Regel Etz) was an attack by Israel on the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) headquarters in Hammam Chott, near Tunis, Tunisia, on October 1, 1985.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
Oued Ellil is a town and commune in the Manouba Governorate, Tunisia.
Oulaya (علية‎; 4 November 1936 – 19 March 1990), née Beya Bent Béchir Ben Hédi Rahal, was a Tunisian singer and actress.
Palermo (Sicilian: Palermu, Panormus, from Πάνορμος, Panormos) is a city of Southern Italy, the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Metropolitan City of Palermo.
The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO; منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية) is an organization founded in 1964 with the purpose of the "liberation of Palestine" through armed struggle, with much of its violence aimed at Israeli civilians.
Pantelleria (Pantiddirìa), the ancient Cossyra (Arabic: قوصرة, Maltese: Qawsra, now Pantellerija, Ancient Greek Kossyra, Κοσσύρα), is an Italian island and Comune in the Strait of Sicily in the Mediterranean Sea, southwest of Sicily and east of the Tunisian coast.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Pasha or Paşa (پاشا, paşa), in older works sometimes anglicized as bashaw, was a higher rank in the Ottoman political and military system, typically granted to governors, generals, dignitaries and others.
Philippe Di Folco (born 20 June 1964 in Créteil) is a French author and teacher.
Phillip King PRA (born 1 May 1934) is a British sculptor.
A phosphate is chemical derivative of phosphoric acid.
Pierre Darmon (born 14 January 1934) is a French former tennis player.
Plutarch (Πλούταρχος, Ploútarkhos,; c. CE 46 – CE 120), later named, upon becoming a Roman citizen, Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus, (Λούκιος Μέστριος Πλούταρχος) was a Greek biographer and essayist, known primarily for his Parallel Lives and Moralia.
Polybius (Πολύβιος, Polýbios; – BC) was a Greek historian of the Hellenistic period noted for his work which covered the period of 264–146 BC in detail.
The Popular Unity Party (حزب الوحدة الشعبية; Parti de l'Unité Populaire, PUP) is an Arab nationalist party in Tunisia.
A postal code (also known locally in various English-speaking countries throughout the world as a postcode, post code, Eircode, PIN Code or ZIP Code) is a series of letters or digits or both, sometimes including spaces or punctuation, included in a postal address for the purpose of sorting mail.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
The President of Tunisia, formally known as the President of the Republic of Tunisia (رئيس الجمهورية التونسية, Président de la République tunisienne) is the head of state of Tunisia.
In the study of history as an academic discipline, a primary source (also called original source or evidence) is an artifact, document, diary, manuscript, autobiography, recording, or any other source of information that was created at the time under study.
A privateer is a private person or ship that engages in maritime warfare under a commission of war.
Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.
The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 BC to 146 BC.
The Punics (from Latin punicus, pl. punici), also known as Carthaginians, were a people from Ancient Carthage (now in Tunisia, North Africa) who traced their origins to the Phoenicians.
Rabat (الرِّبَاط,; ⴰⵕⴱⴰⵟ) is the capital city of Morocco and its third largest city with an urban population of approximately 580,000 (2014) and a metropolitan population of over 1.2 million.
Radès (رادس) is a harbour city in Ben Arous Governorate, Tunisia.
Radio Tunis called Tunisian National Radio (الإذاعة الوطنية التونسية) or Radio of Tunisia, founded in October 1938, is the primary radio station of Tunisia whose offices are located at Tunis.
Raoued (رواد) is a town and commune in the Ariana Governorate, Tunisia.
RasJebelPlain.Ras Jebel is a town and commune in the Bizerte Governorate, Tunisia.
The Réseau Express Régional (Regional Express Network), commonly abbreviated RER, is a hybrid suburban commuter/rapid transit system serving Paris, France and its suburbs.
Robert Blake (27 September 1598 – 7 August 1657) was one of the most important military commanders of the Commonwealth of England and one of the most famous English admirals of the 17th century, whose successes have "never been excelled, not even by Nelson" according to one biographer.
Roberto Blanco (legal name: Roberto Zerquera Blanco), was born 7 June 1937 in Tunis, Tunisia.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Tunis is a Roman Catholic diocese in Tunis, Tunisia.
The Roman Republic (Res publica Romana) was the era of classical Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
The Royal Palace of Madrid (Palacio Real de Madrid) is the official residence of the Spanish Royal Family at the city of Madrid, but it is only used for state ceremonies.
Otto Wilhelm Rudolf CaracciolaBolsinger and Becker (2002), p. 63 (30 January 1901 – 28 September 1959) was a racing driver from Remagen, Germany.
Sadiki College, also known as Collège Sadiki (المدرسة الصادقية, "El-Sadqiya High School"), is a lycée (high school) in Tunis, Tunisia.
Saheb Ettabaâ Mosque, also known as Youssef Saheb Al Tabaa Mosque, is a mosque in Tunis, Tunisia, located in the Halfaouine area of the city.
Salah El Mahdi (صالح المهدي; born Mohamed Ibn Abderrahmane Ben Salah Mehdi Chérifi on February 9, 1925 in Tunis and died September 12, 2014 in Tunis) was a Tunisian musicologist, conductor, composer, flautist, music critic and judge.
Santiago, also known as Santiago de Chile, is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas.
The Süleymaniye Mosque (Süleymaniye Camii) is an Ottoman imperial mosque located on the Third Hill of Istanbul, Turkey.
Serge Adda (19 September 1948 in Tunis – 6 November 2004 in Paris) was the president of the French television station TV5.
Sfax (صفاقس; ⵙⵉⴼⴰⴽⵙ Sifaks) is a city in Tunisia, located southeast of Tunis.
Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.
Sidi Bou Said (سيدي بو سعيد) a town in northern Tunisia located about 20 km from the capital, Tunis.
Sidi Mahrez Mosque, also known as Mohamed Bey El Mouradi Mosque, is a mosque in Tunis, Tunisia.
Sidi T(h)abet is a town and commune (municipality) in the Ariana Governorate, Tunisia.
Sidi-Meskin is a railway town, and archaeological site in Gouvernorat of Jendouba, Northern Tunisia.
Silius Italicus, in full Tiberius Catius Asconius Silius Italicus (c. 28 – c. 103), was a Roman consul, orator, and Latin epic poet of the 1st century AD (Silver Age of Latin literature).
Sirocco, scirocco,, jugo or, rarely, siroc (Xaloc; Sciroccu; Σορόκος; Siroco; Siròc, Eisseròc; Jugo, literally southerly; Libyan Arabic: Ghibli; Egypt: khamsin; Tunisia: ch'hilli) is a Mediterranean wind that comes from the Sahara and can reach hurricane speeds in North Africa and Southern Europe, especially during the summer season.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
The Social Liberal Party (الحزب الاجتماعي التحرري; Parti social-libéral), abbreviated to PSL, is an opposition liberal political party in Tunisia.
The Société des transports de Tunis or Transtu is the parastatal authority to manage public mass transit in the greater Tunis area (Grand Tunis).
Souk Ech-Chaouachine is one of the souks of the medina of Tunis.
Souk El Attarine (سوق العطارين) or souk of perfumers is one of the souks of the medina of Tunis, specialized in perfume and beauty products trading.
Souk El Berka is one of the souks of the medina of Tunis.
Souk El Leffa (سوق اللَفة), also called Souk of Djerbians, is one of the souks of the medina of Tunis.
Souk En Nhas (English: Copper market) is one of the souks of the medina of Tunis.
Souk Es Sabbaghine (English: Dyers market) is one of the souks of the medina of Tunis.
A souq or souk (سوق, שוק shuq, Spanish: zoco, also spelled shuk, shooq, soq, esouk, succ, suk, sooq, suq, soek) is a marketplace or commercial quarter in Western Asian, North African and some Horn African cities (ሱቅ sooq).
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
Stade Chedly Zouiten is a multi-purpose stadium in the Mutuelleville district of Tunis, Tunisia.
Stade Olympique El Menzah (الملعب الأولمبي المنزه) is a multi-purpose stadium, located in the north of Tunis, Tunisia.
Stade Tunisien (الملعب التونسي) or ST is a football club from Tunis, Tunisia.
Strabo (Στράβων Strábōn; 64 or 63 BC AD 24) was a Greek geographer, philosopher, and historian who lived in Asia Minor during the transitional period of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire.
The Strait of Sicily (also known as Sicilian Strait, Sicilian Channel, Channel of Sicily, Sicilian Narrows and Pantelleria Channel; Canale di Sicilia or the Stretto di Sicilia; Canali di Sicilia or Strittu di Sicilia) is the strait between Sicily and Tunisia.
Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam.
Tabula Peutingeriana (Latin for "The Peutinger Map"), also referred to as Peutinger's Tabula or Peutinger Table, is an illustrated itinerarium (ancient Roman road map) showing the layout of the cursus publicus, the road network of the Roman Empire.
Tahar Haddad (الطاهر الحداد; 1899 – December 1935) was a Tunisian author, scholar and reformer.
Tanit was a Punic and Phoenician goddess, the chief deity of Carthage alongside her consort Baal-hamon.
The taqiyah (also spelled tagiya; طاقية / ALA-LC: ṭāqīyah)Turkish: "takke", Urdu, Hindi "topi"; ٹوپی / ALA-LC: “ṭopī”, টুপি ṭupi, Somali: "Koofi") is a short, rounded skullcap. They are often worn for religious purposes; for example, Muslims believe that Muhammad used to keep his head covered, therefore making it mustahabb (i.e., it is commendable to cover the head in order to emulate him). Muslim men often wear them during the five daily prayers. When worn by itself, the taqiyah can be any colour. However, particularly in Arab countries, when worn under the keffiyeh headscarf, they are kept in a traditional white. Some Muslims wrap a turban around the cap, called an amamah in Arabic, which is often done by Shia and Sufi Muslims. In the United States and Britain taqiyas are usually referred to as "kufis". Topi is a type of taqiyah cap that is worn in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and other regions of South Asia. Many different types of topi caps include the Sindhi cap, worn in Sindh, and the crochet topi that is often worn at Muslim prayer services (see salat). The topi cap is often worn with salwar kameez, which is the national costume of Pakistan.
Tarak Ben Ammar (طارق بن عمّار) (born on June 12, 1949 in Tunis, Tunisia) is an international movie producer and distributor, (the owner of French production and distribution company Quinta Communications.) He is famous for his interest in artistic movies, especially when they are related to Mediterranean culture or require North African locations.
Tashkent (Toshkent, Тошкент, تاشكېنت,; Ташкент) is the capital and largest city of Uzbekistan, as well as the most populated city in Central Asia with a population in 2012 of 2,309,300.
Tazio Giorgio Nuvolari (16 November 1892 – 11 August 1953) was an Italian racing driver.
Tebourba (طبربة) is a town in Tunisia, located about 20 miles (30 km) from the capital Tunis, former ancient city (Thuburbo Minus) and bishopric, now a Latin Catholic titular see.
The tertiary sector or service sector is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory.
Tunis-Goulette-Marsa or TGM is a 19 km (standard gauge) light rail line linking the capital Tunis with La Marsa via La Goulette.
The Théâtre municipal de Tunis (engl. Municipal Theatre of Tunis) in Tunisia was first opened on November 20, 1902 and currently showcases opera, ballet, symphonic concerts and dramas featuring numerous Tunisian, Arabic and international actors.
The English Patient is a 1996 American romantic war drama film directed by Anthony Minghella from his own script based on the novel of the same name by Michael Ondaatje and produced by Saul Zaentz.
The Last Days of Pompeii is a novel written by the baron Edward Bulwer-Lytton in 1834.
The Rachidia is an artistic and cultural association specialized in Tunisian music.
Theâtre de l'Étoile du Nord (مسرح نجمة الشمال) also known as the North Star Theatre, is a theatre in the centre of Tunis, Tunisia.
The Third Punic War (Latin: Tertium Bellum Punicum) (149–146 BC) was the third and last of the Punic Wars fought between the former Phoenician colony of Carthage and the Roman Republic.
The Tourbet el Bey (تربة الباي) is a Tunisian royal mausoleum in the southwest of the medina of Tunis at rue Tourbet el Bey 62.
Tripoli (طرابلس,; Berber: Oea, or Wy't) is the capital city and the largest city of Libya, with a population of about 1.1 million people in 2015.
Tunis (تونس) is the capital and the largest city of Tunisia.
Tunis Governorate is the smallest and most populated of the twenty-four governorates (provinces) of Tunisia.
The Tunis Open is a professional tennis tournament played on outdoor red clay courts.
The Tunis Sports City is an entire sports city currently being constructed in Tunis, Tunisia.
Tunis University (جامعة تونس, Université de Tunis) is a university in Tunis, Tunisia.
Tunis–Carthage Airport (Aéroport de Tunis-Carthage, مطار تونس قرطاج الدولي) is the international airport of Tunis, the capital of Tunisia.
Tunisia (تونس; Berber: Tunes, ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ; Tunisie), officially the Republic of Tunisia, (الجمهورية التونسية) is a sovereign state in Northwest Africa, covering. Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population was estimated to be just under 11.93 million in 2016. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast. Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. Its of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar. Tunisia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is considered to be the only full democracy in the Arab World. It has a high human development index. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Close relations with Europe in particular with France and with Italy have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization. In ancient times, Tunisia was primarily inhabited by Berbers. Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage. A major mercantile power and a military rival of the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BC. The Romans, who would occupy Tunisia for most of the next eight hundred years, introduced Christianity and left architectural legacies like the El Djem amphitheater. After several attempts starting in 647, the Muslims conquered the whole of Tunisia by 697, followed by the Ottoman Empire between 1534 and 1574. The Ottomans held sway for over three hundred years. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881. Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014, and for President on 23 November 2014.
The Tunisia Private University (ULT) is a university in Tunis, Tunisia.
Founded in 1999, the Tunisian Community Center (المركز التّونسيّ الأمريكيّ), aka The Tunisian American Center, is a US-based non-profit organization, dedicated to community building and cultural outreach for Tunisian Americans and strengthening the Tunisian-American Relations.
The Tunisian Constitution of 2014 (2014 دستور تونس) was adopted on 26 January 2014 by the Constituent Assembly elected on 23 October 2011 in the wake of Tunisia's Jasmine Revolution that overthrew President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.
The Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer Tunisiens (English: Tunisian Railways; v.i.), abbreviated SNCFT, is the national railway of Tunisia and under the direction of the Ministry of Transport.
Tunisian Symphony Orchestra is the national symphony orchestra of Tunisia, based in Tunis.
Obeid Allah ibn al-Habhab al-Mawsili was an important Umayyad official in Egypt from 724 to 734, and subsequently Umayyad governor of Kairouan, Ifriqiya from 734 to 741.
The Unionist Democratic Union (الاتحاد الديمقراطي الوحدوي; Union démocratique unioniste) is a political party in Tunisia with pan-Arabist ideology.
Ez-Zitouna University (جامعة الزيتونة, Université Zitouna) is in Montfleury, Tunis.
The University of Michigan (UM, U-M, U of M, or UMich), often simply referred to as Michigan, is a public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Urban sprawl or suburban sprawl describes the expansion of human populations away from central urban areas into low-density, monofunctional and usually car-dependent communities, in a process called suburbanization.
A water supply system or water supply network is a system of engineered hydrologic and hydraulic components which provide water supply.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 191 Member States and Territories.
Yāqūt ibn-'Abdullah al-Rūmī al-Hamawī (1179–1229) (ياقوت الحموي الرومي) was an Arab biographer and geographer of Greek origin, renowned for his encyclopedic writings on the Muslim world.
Noureddine Yazid Zerhouni (نورالدين يزيد زرهوني) (born 1937, Tunis) is the former interior minister of Algeria.
Youssef Dey Mosque, also known as Al B'chamqiya, is a mosque in Tunis, Tunisia, located in Medina area of the city.
A zaouia or zawiya (زاوية zāwiyah; "assembly" "group" or "circle", also spelled zawiyah, zawiyya, zaouiya, zaouïa and zwaya) is an Islamic religious school or monastery.
The Zirid dynasty (ⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⴰ ⵏ ⴰⵢⵜ ⵣⵉⵔⵉ Tagelda n Ayt Ziri, زيريون /ALA-LC: Zīryūn; Banu Ziri) was a Sanhaja Berber dynasty from modern-day Algeria which ruled the central Maghreb from 972 to 1014 and Ifriqiya (eastern Maghreb) from 972 to 1148.
.tn is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Tunisia.
The 5th Panzer Army, also known as Panzer Group West and Panzer Group Eberbach (German: 5.Panzer-Armee, Panzergruppe West, Panzergruppe Eberbach) was a panzer army which saw action in the Western Front and North Africa.