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Turbine

Index Turbine

A turbine (from the Latin turbo, a vortex, related to the Greek τύρβη, tyrbē, meaning "turbulence") is a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work. [1]

94 relations: Aircraft engine, Airfoil, Alternator, Archimedes' screw, Axial turbine, Éolienne Bollée, Balancing machine, Benoît Fourneyron, Centrifugal force, Ceramic, Charles Algernon Parsons, Classical mechanics, Claude Burdin, Coal, Compressibility, Computational fluid dynamics, Contra-rotating, Cross-flow turbine, Degree of reaction, Draft tube, Ducted fan, Electric generator, Electric motor, Electric power, Energy, Euler's pump and turbine equation, Federal Aviation Administration, Flow conditioning, Fluid, Francis turbine, Fredrik Ljungström, French Academy of Sciences, Fuel oil, Gas turbine, Gustaf de Laval, Helmholtz's theorems, Horsepower, Hydraulic head, Impulse (physics), Incompressible flow, Jet engine, Kaplan turbine, Kinetic energy, Latin, Lift (force), Mercury (element), Mercury vapour turbine, Nozzle, Nuclear fuel, Online Etymology Dictionary, ..., Pelton wheel, Potential energy, Pressure compounding in turbines, Propeller, Radial turbine, Reaction (physics), Rotordynamics, Screw turbine, Secondary flow, Segner wheel, Space Shuttle main engine, Specific speed, Stator, Steam turbine, Steamboat, Supercharger, Tesla turbine, Torque, Transonic, Turbine blade, Turbine map, Turbinia, Turbocharger, Turbodrill, Turboexpander, Turbofan, Turbojet, Turbomachinery, Turboprop, Turbopump, Turboshaft, Turbulence, Turgo turbine, Velocity triangle, Vibration of rotating structures, Vortex, Waste heat, Water turbine, Water wheel, Watt, Wind turbine, Windmill, Work (physics), World War II. Expand index (44 more) »

Aircraft engine

An aircraft engine is the component of the propulsion system for an aircraft that generates mechanical power.

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Airfoil

An airfoil (American English) or aerofoil (British English) is the shape of a wing, blade (of a propeller, rotor, or turbine), or sail (as seen in cross-section).

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Alternator

An alternator is an electrical generator that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy in the form of alternating current.

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Archimedes' screw

An Archimedes' screw, also known by the name the Archimedean screw or screw pump, is a machine historically (and also currently) used for transferring water from a low-lying body of water into irrigation ditches.

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Axial turbine

An axial turbine is a turbine in which the flow of the working fluid is parallel to the shaft, as opposed to radial turbines, where the fluid runs around a shaft, as in a watermill.

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Éolienne Bollée

The Éolienne Bollée is an unusual wind turbine, unique for having a stator and a rotor, as a water turbine has.

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Balancing machine

A balancing machine is a measuring tool used for balancing rotating machine parts such as rotors for electric motors, fans, turbines, disc brakes, disc drives, propellers and pumps.

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Benoît Fourneyron

Benoît Fourneyron (October 31, 1802 – July 31, 1867) was a French engineer, born in Saint-Étienne, Loire.

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Centrifugal force

In Newtonian mechanics, the centrifugal force is an inertial force (also called a "fictitious" or "pseudo" force) directed away from the axis of rotation that appears to act on all objects when viewed in a rotating frame of reference.

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Ceramic

A ceramic is a non-metallic solid material comprising an inorganic compound of metal, non-metal or metalloid atoms primarily held in ionic and covalent bonds.

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Charles Algernon Parsons

Sir Charles Algernon Parsons, (13 June 1854 – 11 February 1931), the son of a member of the Irish peerage,http://www.tcd.ie/Secretary/FellowsScholars/discourses/discourses/1968_Lord%20Rosse%20on%20W.%20Parsons.pdf was an Anglo-Irish engineer, best known for his invention of the compound steam turbine, and as the namesake of C. A. Parsons and Company.

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Classical mechanics

Classical mechanics describes the motion of macroscopic objects, from projectiles to parts of machinery, and astronomical objects, such as spacecraft, planets, stars and galaxies.

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Claude Burdin

Claude Burdin (19 March 1788 – 12 November 1873) was a French engineer.

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Coal

Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.

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Compressibility

In thermodynamics and fluid mechanics, compressibility (also known as the coefficient of compressibility or isothermal compressibility) is a measure of the relative volume change of a fluid or solid as a response to a pressure (or mean stress) change.

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Computational fluid dynamics

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a branch of fluid mechanics that uses numerical analysis and data structures to solve and analyze problems that involve fluid flows.

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Contra-rotating

Contra-rotating, also referred to as coaxial contra-rotating, is a technique whereby parts of a mechanism rotate in opposite directions about a common axis, usually to minimise the effect of torque.

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Cross-flow turbine

A cross-flow turbine, Bánki-Michell turbine, or Ossberger turbine is a water turbine developed by the Australian Anthony Michell, the Hungarian Donát Bánki and the German Fritz Ossberger.

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Degree of reaction

In turbomachinery, Degree of reaction or reaction ratio (R) is defined as the ratio of the static pressure drop in the rotor to the static pressure drop in the stage or as the ratio of static enthalpy drop in the rotor to the static enthalpy drop in the stage.

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Draft tube

In power turbines like reaction turbines, Kaplan turbines, or Francis turbines, a diffuser tube is installed at the exit of the turbine, known as draft tube.

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Ducted fan

A ducted fan is a propulsion arrangement whereby a mechanical fan, which is a type of propeller, is mounted within a cylindrical shroud or duct.

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Electric generator

In electricity generation, a generator is a device that converts motive power (mechanical energy) into electrical power for use in an external circuit.

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Electric motor

An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy.

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Electric power

Electric power is the rate, per unit time, at which electrical energy is transferred by an electric circuit.

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Energy

In physics, energy is the quantitative property that must be transferred to an object in order to perform work on, or to heat, the object.

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Euler's pump and turbine equation

The Euler’s pump and turbine equations are most fundamental equations in the field of turbomachinery.

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Federal Aviation Administration

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.

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Flow conditioning

Flow conditioning ensures that the “real world” environment closely resembles the “laboratory” environment for proper performance of inferential flowmeters like orifice, turbine, coriolis, ultrasonic etc.

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Fluid

In physics, a fluid is a substance that continually deforms (flows) under an applied shear stress.

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Francis turbine

The Francis turbine is a type of water turbine that was developed by James B. Francis in Lowell, Massachusetts.

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Fredrik Ljungström

Fredrik Ljungström (16 June 1875 in Stockholm – 18 February 1964 in Stockholm) was a Swedish engineer, technical designer, and industrialist.

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French Academy of Sciences

The French Academy of Sciences (French: Académie des sciences) is a learned society, founded in 1666 by Louis XIV at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research.

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Fuel oil

Fuel oil (also known as heavy oil, marine fuel or furnace oil) is a fraction obtained from petroleum distillation, either as a distillate or a residue.

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Gas turbine

A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous combustion, internal combustion engine.

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Gustaf de Laval

Karl Gustaf Patrik de Laval (9 May 1845 – 2 February 1913) was a Swedish engineer and inventor who made important contributions to the design of steam turbines and dairy machinery.

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Helmholtz's theorems

In fluid mechanics, Helmholtz's theorems, named after Hermann von Helmholtz, describe the three-dimensional motion of fluid in the vicinity of vortex filaments.

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Horsepower

Horsepower (hp) is a unit of measurement of power (the rate at which work is done).

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Hydraulic head

Hydraulic head or piezometric head is a specific measurement of liquid pressure above a geodetic datum.

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Impulse (physics)

In classical mechanics, impulse (symbolized by J or Imp) is the integral of a force, F, over the time interval, t, for which it acts.

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Incompressible flow

In fluid mechanics or more generally continuum mechanics, incompressible flow (isochoric flow) refers to a flow in which the material density is constant within a fluid parcel—an infinitesimal volume that moves with the flow velocity.

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Jet engine

A jet engine is a type of reaction engine discharging a fast-moving jet that generates thrust by jet propulsion.

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Kaplan turbine

The Kaplan turbine is a propeller-type water turbine which has adjustable blades.

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Kinetic energy

In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion.

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Latin

Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Lift (force)

A fluid flowing past the surface of a body exerts a force on it.

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Mercury (element)

Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.

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Mercury vapour turbine

A mercury vapour turbine is a form of heat engine that uses mercury to drive the thermal cycle.

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Nozzle

A nozzle is a device designed to control the direction or characteristics of a fluid flow (especially to increase velocity) as it exits (or enters) an enclosed chamber or pipe.

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Nuclear fuel

Nuclear fuel is a substance that is used in nuclear power stations to produce heat to power turbines.

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Online Etymology Dictionary

The Online Etymology Dictionary is a free online dictionary written and compiled by Douglas Harper that describes the origins of English-language words.

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Pelton wheel

The Pelton wheel is an impulse-type water turbine.

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Potential energy

In physics, potential energy is the energy possessed by an object because of its position relative to other objects, stresses within itself, its electric charge, or other factors.

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Pressure compounding in turbines

Pressure compounding is the method in which pressure in a steam turbine is made to drop in a number of stages rather than in a single nozzle.

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Propeller

A propeller is a type of fan that transmits power by converting rotational motion into thrust.

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Radial turbine

A radial turbine is a turbine in which the flow of the working fluid is radial to the shaft.

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Reaction (physics)

As described by the third of Newton's laws of motion of classical mechanics, all forces occur in pairs such that if one object exerts a force on another object, then the second object exerts an equal and opposite reaction force on the first.

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Rotordynamics

Rotor dynamics is a specialized branch of applied mechanics concerned with the behavior and diagnosis of rotating structures.

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Screw turbine

The screw turbine is a water turbine which uses the principle of the Archimedean screw to convert the potential energy of water on an upstream level into work.

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Secondary flow

In fluid dynamics, a secondary flow is a relatively minor flow superimposed on the primary flow, where the primary flow usually matches very closely the flow pattern predicted using simple analytical techniques and assuming the fluid is inviscid.

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Segner wheel

The Segner wheel or Segner turbine is a type of water turbine invented by Johann Andreas Segner in the 18th century.

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Space Shuttle main engine

The Aerojet Rocketdyne RS-25, otherwise known as the Space Shuttle main engine (SSME), is a liquid-fuel cryogenic rocket engine that was used on NASA's Space Shuttle and is planned to be used on its successor, the Space Launch System.

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Specific speed

Specific speed Ns, is used to characterize turbomachinery speed.

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Stator

The stator is the stationary part of a rotary system, found in electric generators, electric motors, sirens, mud motors or biological rotors.

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Steam turbine

A steam turbine is a device that extracts thermal energy from pressurized steam and uses it to do mechanical work on a rotating output shaft.

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Steamboat

A steamboat is a boat that is propelled primarily by steam power, typically driving propellers or paddlewheels.

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Supercharger

A supercharger is an air compressor that increases the pressure or density of air supplied to an internal combustion engine.

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Tesla turbine

The Tesla turbine is a bladeless centripetal flow turbine patented by Nikola Tesla in 1913.

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Torque

Torque, moment, or moment of force is rotational force.

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Transonic

In aeronautics, transonic (or transsonic) flight is flying at or near the speed of sound (at sea level under average conditions), relative to the air through which the vehicle is traveling.

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Turbine blade

A turbine blade is the individual component which makes up the turbine section of a gas turbine or steam turbine.

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Turbine map

Each turbine in a gas turbine engine has an operating map.

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Turbinia

Turbinia was the first steam turbine-powered steamship.

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Turbocharger

A turbocharger, or colloquially turbo, is a turbine-driven forced induction device that increases an internal combustion engine's efficiency and power output by forcing extra air into the combustion chamber.

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Turbodrill

A turbodrill is a tool used mostly by petrochemical companies to dig wells for crude oil and natural gas reserves.

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Turboexpander

A turboexpander, also referred to as a turbo-expander or an expansion turbine, is a centrifugal or axial-flow turbine, through which a high-pressure gas is expanded to produce work that is often used to drive a compressor or generator.

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Turbofan

The turbofan or fanjet is a type of airbreathing jet engine that is widely used in aircraft propulsion.

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Turbojet

The turbojet is an airbreathing jet engine, typically used in aircraft.

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Turbomachinery

Turbomachinery, in mechanical engineering, describes machines that transfer energy between a rotor and a fluid, including both turbines and compressors.

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Turboprop

A turboprop engine is a turbine engine that drives an aircraft propeller.

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Turbopump

A turbopump is a propellant pump with two main components: a rotodynamic pump and a driving gas turbine, usually both mounted on the same shaft, or sometimes geared together.

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Turboshaft

A turboshaft engine is a form of gas turbine that is optimized to produce shaft power rather than jet thrust.

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Turbulence

In fluid dynamics, turbulence or turbulent flow is any pattern of fluid motion characterized by chaotic changes in pressure and flow velocity.

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Turgo turbine

The Turgo turbine is an impulse water turbine designed for medium head applications.

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Velocity triangle

In turbomachinery, a velocity triangle or a velocity diagram is a triangle representing the various components of velocities of the working fluid in a turbomachine.

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Vibration of rotating structures

Rotating structures – or more general – structures with constant but otherwise arbitrary velocity are important elements of machinery as rotor shafts and blades of propellers, helicopters or wind turbines.

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Vortex

In fluid dynamics, a vortex (plural vortices/vortexes) is a region in a fluid in which the flow revolves around an axis line, which may be straight or curved.

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Waste heat

Waste heat is heat that is produced by a machine, or other process that uses energy, as a byproduct of doing work.

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Water turbine

A water turbine is a rotary machine that converts kinetic energy and potential energy of water into mechanical work.

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Water wheel

A water wheel is a machine for converting the energy of flowing or falling water into useful forms of power, often in a watermill.

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Watt

The watt (symbol: W) is a unit of power.

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Wind turbine

A wind turbine is a device that converts the wind's kinetic energy into electrical energy.

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Windmill

A windmill is a mill that converts the energy of wind into rotational energy by means of vanes called sails or blades.

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Work (physics)

In physics, a force is said to do work if, when acting, there is a displacement of the point of application in the direction of the force.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Blade (rotary machinery), Guide vane, Impulse turbine, Reaction turbine, Rotor (turbine), Silent turbine, Turbine engines, Turbine propulsion, Turbines, Turbopropulsion.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turbine

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