Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!


Index Turbine

A turbine (from the Latin turbo, a vortex, related to the Greek τύρβη, tyrbē, meaning "turbulence") is a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work. [1]

94 relations: Aircraft engine, Airfoil, Alternator, Archimedes' screw, Axial turbine, Éolienne Bollée, Balancing machine, Benoît Fourneyron, Centrifugal force, Ceramic, Charles Algernon Parsons, Classical mechanics, Claude Burdin, Coal, Compressibility, Computational fluid dynamics, Contra-rotating, Cross-flow turbine, Degree of reaction, Draft tube, Ducted fan, Electric generator, Electric motor, Electric power, Energy, Euler's pump and turbine equation, Federal Aviation Administration, Flow conditioning, Fluid, Francis turbine, Fredrik Ljungström, French Academy of Sciences, Fuel oil, Gas turbine, Gustaf de Laval, Helmholtz's theorems, Horsepower, Hydraulic head, Impulse (physics), Incompressible flow, Jet engine, Kaplan turbine, Kinetic energy, Latin, Lift (force), Mercury (element), Mercury vapour turbine, Nozzle, Nuclear fuel, Online Etymology Dictionary, ..., Pelton wheel, Potential energy, Pressure compounding in turbines, Propeller, Radial turbine, Reaction (physics), Rotordynamics, Screw turbine, Secondary flow, Segner wheel, Space Shuttle main engine, Specific speed, Stator, Steam turbine, Steamboat, Supercharger, Tesla turbine, Torque, Transonic, Turbine blade, Turbine map, Turbinia, Turbocharger, Turbodrill, Turboexpander, Turbofan, Turbojet, Turbomachinery, Turboprop, Turbopump, Turboshaft, Turbulence, Turgo turbine, Velocity triangle, Vibration of rotating structures, Vortex, Waste heat, Water turbine, Water wheel, Watt, Wind turbine, Windmill, Work (physics), World War II. Expand index (44 more) »

Aircraft engine

An aircraft engine is the component of the propulsion system for an aircraft that generates mechanical power.

New!!: Turbine and Aircraft engine · See more »


An airfoil (American English) or aerofoil (British English) is the shape of a wing, blade (of a propeller, rotor, or turbine), or sail (as seen in cross-section).

New!!: Turbine and Airfoil · See more »


An alternator is an electrical generator that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy in the form of alternating current.

New!!: Turbine and Alternator · See more »

Archimedes' screw

An Archimedes' screw, also known by the name the Archimedean screw or screw pump, is a machine historically (and also currently) used for transferring water from a low-lying body of water into irrigation ditches.

New!!: Turbine and Archimedes' screw · See more »

Axial turbine

An axial turbine is a turbine in which the flow of the working fluid is parallel to the shaft, as opposed to radial turbines, where the fluid runs around a shaft, as in a watermill.

New!!: Turbine and Axial turbine · See more »

Éolienne Bollée

The Éolienne Bollée is an unusual wind turbine, unique for having a stator and a rotor, as a water turbine has.

New!!: Turbine and Éolienne Bollée · See more »

Balancing machine

A balancing machine is a measuring tool used for balancing rotating machine parts such as rotors for electric motors, fans, turbines, disc brakes, disc drives, propellers and pumps.

New!!: Turbine and Balancing machine · See more »

Benoît Fourneyron

Benoît Fourneyron (October 31, 1802 – July 31, 1867) was a French engineer, born in Saint-Étienne, Loire.

New!!: Turbine and Benoît Fourneyron · See more »

Centrifugal force

In Newtonian mechanics, the centrifugal force is an inertial force (also called a "fictitious" or "pseudo" force) directed away from the axis of rotation that appears to act on all objects when viewed in a rotating frame of reference.

New!!: Turbine and Centrifugal force · See more »


A ceramic is a non-metallic solid material comprising an inorganic compound of metal, non-metal or metalloid atoms primarily held in ionic and covalent bonds.

New!!: Turbine and Ceramic · See more »

Charles Algernon Parsons

Sir Charles Algernon Parsons, (13 June 1854 – 11 February 1931), the son of a member of the Irish peerage,http://www.tcd.ie/Secretary/FellowsScholars/discourses/discourses/1968_Lord%20Rosse%20on%20W.%20Parsons.pdf was an Anglo-Irish engineer, best known for his invention of the compound steam turbine, and as the namesake of C. A. Parsons and Company.

New!!: Turbine and Charles Algernon Parsons · See more »

Classical mechanics

Classical mechanics describes the motion of macroscopic objects, from projectiles to parts of machinery, and astronomical objects, such as spacecraft, planets, stars and galaxies.

New!!: Turbine and Classical mechanics · See more »

Claude Burdin

Claude Burdin (19 March 1788 – 12 November 1873) was a French engineer.

New!!: Turbine and Claude Burdin · See more »


Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.

New!!: Turbine and Coal · See more »


In thermodynamics and fluid mechanics, compressibility (also known as the coefficient of compressibility or isothermal compressibility) is a measure of the relative volume change of a fluid or solid as a response to a pressure (or mean stress) change.

New!!: Turbine and Compressibility · See more »

Computational fluid dynamics

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a branch of fluid mechanics that uses numerical analysis and data structures to solve and analyze problems that involve fluid flows.

New!!: Turbine and Computational fluid dynamics · See more »


Contra-rotating, also referred to as coaxial contra-rotating, is a technique whereby parts of a mechanism rotate in opposite directions about a common axis, usually to minimise the effect of torque.

New!!: Turbine and Contra-rotating · See more »

Cross-flow turbine

A cross-flow turbine, Bánki-Michell turbine, or Ossberger turbine is a water turbine developed by the Australian Anthony Michell, the Hungarian Donát Bánki and the German Fritz Ossberger.

New!!: Turbine and Cross-flow turbine · See more »

Degree of reaction

In turbomachinery, Degree of reaction or reaction ratio (R) is defined as the ratio of the static pressure drop in the rotor to the static pressure drop in the stage or as the ratio of static enthalpy drop in the rotor to the static enthalpy drop in the stage.

New!!: Turbine and Degree of reaction · See more »

Draft tube

In power turbines like reaction turbines, Kaplan turbines, or Francis turbines, a diffuser tube is installed at the exit of the turbine, known as draft tube.

New!!: Turbine and Draft tube · See more »

Ducted fan

A ducted fan is a propulsion arrangement whereby a mechanical fan, which is a type of propeller, is mounted within a cylindrical shroud or duct.

New!!: Turbine and Ducted fan · See more »

Electric generator

In electricity generation, a generator is a device that converts motive power (mechanical energy) into electrical power for use in an external circuit.

New!!: Turbine and Electric generator · See more »

Electric motor

An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy.

New!!: Turbine and Electric motor · See more »

Electric power

Electric power is the rate, per unit time, at which electrical energy is transferred by an electric circuit.

New!!: Turbine and Electric power · See more »


In physics, energy is the quantitative property that must be transferred to an object in order to perform work on, or to heat, the object.

New!!: Turbine and Energy · See more »

Euler's pump and turbine equation

The Euler’s pump and turbine equations are most fundamental equations in the field of turbomachinery.

New!!: Turbine and Euler's pump and turbine equation · See more »

Federal Aviation Administration

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.

New!!: Turbine and Federal Aviation Administration · See more »

Flow conditioning

Flow conditioning ensures that the “real world” environment closely resembles the “laboratory” environment for proper performance of inferential flowmeters like orifice, turbine, coriolis, ultrasonic etc.

New!!: Turbine and Flow conditioning · See more »


In physics, a fluid is a substance that continually deforms (flows) under an applied shear stress.

New!!: Turbine and Fluid · See more »

Francis turbine

The Francis turbine is a type of water turbine that was developed by James B. Francis in Lowell, Massachusetts.

New!!: Turbine and Francis turbine · See more »

Fredrik Ljungström

Fredrik Ljungström (16 June 1875 in Stockholm – 18 February 1964 in Stockholm) was a Swedish engineer, technical designer, and industrialist.

New!!: Turbine and Fredrik Ljungström · See more »

French Academy of Sciences

The French Academy of Sciences (French: Académie des sciences) is a learned society, founded in 1666 by Louis XIV at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research.

New!!: Turbine and French Academy of Sciences · See more »

Fuel oil

Fuel oil (also known as heavy oil, marine fuel or furnace oil) is a fraction obtained from petroleum distillation, either as a distillate or a residue.

New!!: Turbine and Fuel oil · See more »

Gas turbine

A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous combustion, internal combustion engine.

New!!: Turbine and Gas turbine · See more »

Gustaf de Laval

Karl Gustaf Patrik de Laval (9 May 1845 – 2 February 1913) was a Swedish engineer and inventor who made important contributions to the design of steam turbines and dairy machinery.

New!!: Turbine and Gustaf de Laval · See more »

Helmholtz's theorems

In fluid mechanics, Helmholtz's theorems, named after Hermann von Helmholtz, describe the three-dimensional motion of fluid in the vicinity of vortex filaments.

New!!: Turbine and Helmholtz's theorems · See more »


Horsepower (hp) is a unit of measurement of power (the rate at which work is done).

New!!: Turbine and Horsepower · See more »

Hydraulic head

Hydraulic head or piezometric head is a specific measurement of liquid pressure above a geodetic datum.

New!!: Turbine and Hydraulic head · See more »

Impulse (physics)

In classical mechanics, impulse (symbolized by J or Imp) is the integral of a force, F, over the time interval, t, for which it acts.

New!!: Turbine and Impulse (physics) · See more »

Incompressible flow

In fluid mechanics or more generally continuum mechanics, incompressible flow (isochoric flow) refers to a flow in which the material density is constant within a fluid parcel—an infinitesimal volume that moves with the flow velocity.

New!!: Turbine and Incompressible flow · See more »

Jet engine

A jet engine is a type of reaction engine discharging a fast-moving jet that generates thrust by jet propulsion.

New!!: Turbine and Jet engine · See more »

Kaplan turbine

The Kaplan turbine is a propeller-type water turbine which has adjustable blades.

New!!: Turbine and Kaplan turbine · See more »

Kinetic energy

In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion.

New!!: Turbine and Kinetic energy · See more »


Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

New!!: Turbine and Latin · See more »

Lift (force)

A fluid flowing past the surface of a body exerts a force on it.

New!!: Turbine and Lift (force) · See more »

Mercury (element)

Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.

New!!: Turbine and Mercury (element) · See more »

Mercury vapour turbine

A mercury vapour turbine is a form of heat engine that uses mercury to drive the thermal cycle.

New!!: Turbine and Mercury vapour turbine · See more »


A nozzle is a device designed to control the direction or characteristics of a fluid flow (especially to increase velocity) as it exits (or enters) an enclosed chamber or pipe.

New!!: Turbine and Nozzle · See more »

Nuclear fuel

Nuclear fuel is a substance that is used in nuclear power stations to produce heat to power turbines.

New!!: Turbine and Nuclear fuel · See more »

Online Etymology Dictionary

The Online Etymology Dictionary is a free online dictionary written and compiled by Douglas Harper that describes the origins of English-language words.

New!!: Turbine and Online Etymology Dictionary · See more »

Pelton wheel

The Pelton wheel is an impulse-type water turbine.

New!!: Turbine and Pelton wheel · See more »

Potential energy

In physics, potential energy is the energy possessed by an object because of its position relative to other objects, stresses within itself, its electric charge, or other factors.

New!!: Turbine and Potential energy · See more »

Pressure compounding in turbines

Pressure compounding is the method in which pressure in a steam turbine is made to drop in a number of stages rather than in a single nozzle.

New!!: Turbine and Pressure compounding in turbines · See more »


A propeller is a type of fan that transmits power by converting rotational motion into thrust.

New!!: Turbine and Propeller · See more »

Radial turbine

A radial turbine is a turbine in which the flow of the working fluid is radial to the shaft.

New!!: Turbine and Radial turbine · See more »

Reaction (physics)

As described by the third of Newton's laws of motion of classical mechanics, all forces occur in pairs such that if one object exerts a force on another object, then the second object exerts an equal and opposite reaction force on the first.

New!!: Turbine and Reaction (physics) · See more »


Rotor dynamics is a specialized branch of applied mechanics concerned with the behavior and diagnosis of rotating structures.

New!!: Turbine and Rotordynamics · See more »

Screw turbine

The screw turbine is a water turbine which uses the principle of the Archimedean screw to convert the potential energy of water on an upstream level into work.

New!!: Turbine and Screw turbine · See more »

Secondary flow

In fluid dynamics, a secondary flow is a relatively minor flow superimposed on the primary flow, where the primary flow usually matches very closely the flow pattern predicted using simple analytical techniques and assuming the fluid is inviscid.

New!!: Turbine and Secondary flow · See more »

Segner wheel

The Segner wheel or Segner turbine is a type of water turbine invented by Johann Andreas Segner in the 18th century.

New!!: Turbine and Segner wheel · See more »

Space Shuttle main engine

The Aerojet Rocketdyne RS-25, otherwise known as the Space Shuttle main engine (SSME), is a liquid-fuel cryogenic rocket engine that was used on NASA's Space Shuttle and is planned to be used on its successor, the Space Launch System.

New!!: Turbine and Space Shuttle main engine · See more »

Specific speed

Specific speed Ns, is used to characterize turbomachinery speed.

New!!: Turbine and Specific speed · See more »


The stator is the stationary part of a rotary system, found in electric generators, electric motors, sirens, mud motors or biological rotors.

New!!: Turbine and Stator · See more »

Steam turbine

A steam turbine is a device that extracts thermal energy from pressurized steam and uses it to do mechanical work on a rotating output shaft.

New!!: Turbine and Steam turbine · See more »


A steamboat is a boat that is propelled primarily by steam power, typically driving propellers or paddlewheels.

New!!: Turbine and Steamboat · See more »


A supercharger is an air compressor that increases the pressure or density of air supplied to an internal combustion engine.

New!!: Turbine and Supercharger · See more »

Tesla turbine

The Tesla turbine is a bladeless centripetal flow turbine patented by Nikola Tesla in 1913.

New!!: Turbine and Tesla turbine · See more »


Torque, moment, or moment of force is rotational force.

New!!: Turbine and Torque · See more »


In aeronautics, transonic (or transsonic) flight is flying at or near the speed of sound (at sea level under average conditions), relative to the air through which the vehicle is traveling.

New!!: Turbine and Transonic · See more »

Turbine blade

A turbine blade is the individual component which makes up the turbine section of a gas turbine or steam turbine.

New!!: Turbine and Turbine blade · See more »

Turbine map

Each turbine in a gas turbine engine has an operating map.

New!!: Turbine and Turbine map · See more »


Turbinia was the first steam turbine-powered steamship.

New!!: Turbine and Turbinia · See more »


A turbocharger, or colloquially turbo, is a turbine-driven forced induction device that increases an internal combustion engine's efficiency and power output by forcing extra air into the combustion chamber.

New!!: Turbine and Turbocharger · See more »


A turbodrill is a tool used mostly by petrochemical companies to dig wells for crude oil and natural gas reserves.

New!!: Turbine and Turbodrill · See more »


A turboexpander, also referred to as a turbo-expander or an expansion turbine, is a centrifugal or axial-flow turbine, through which a high-pressure gas is expanded to produce work that is often used to drive a compressor or generator.

New!!: Turbine and Turboexpander · See more »


The turbofan or fanjet is a type of airbreathing jet engine that is widely used in aircraft propulsion.

New!!: Turbine and Turbofan · See more »


The turbojet is an airbreathing jet engine, typically used in aircraft.

New!!: Turbine and Turbojet · See more »


Turbomachinery, in mechanical engineering, describes machines that transfer energy between a rotor and a fluid, including both turbines and compressors.

New!!: Turbine and Turbomachinery · See more »


A turboprop engine is a turbine engine that drives an aircraft propeller.

New!!: Turbine and Turboprop · See more »


A turbopump is a propellant pump with two main components: a rotodynamic pump and a driving gas turbine, usually both mounted on the same shaft, or sometimes geared together.

New!!: Turbine and Turbopump · See more »


A turboshaft engine is a form of gas turbine that is optimized to produce shaft power rather than jet thrust.

New!!: Turbine and Turboshaft · See more »


In fluid dynamics, turbulence or turbulent flow is any pattern of fluid motion characterized by chaotic changes in pressure and flow velocity.

New!!: Turbine and Turbulence · See more »

Turgo turbine

The Turgo turbine is an impulse water turbine designed for medium head applications.

New!!: Turbine and Turgo turbine · See more »

Velocity triangle

In turbomachinery, a velocity triangle or a velocity diagram is a triangle representing the various components of velocities of the working fluid in a turbomachine.

New!!: Turbine and Velocity triangle · See more »

Vibration of rotating structures

Rotating structures – or more general – structures with constant but otherwise arbitrary velocity are important elements of machinery as rotor shafts and blades of propellers, helicopters or wind turbines.

New!!: Turbine and Vibration of rotating structures · See more »


In fluid dynamics, a vortex (plural vortices/vortexes) is a region in a fluid in which the flow revolves around an axis line, which may be straight or curved.

New!!: Turbine and Vortex · See more »

Waste heat

Waste heat is heat that is produced by a machine, or other process that uses energy, as a byproduct of doing work.

New!!: Turbine and Waste heat · See more »

Water turbine

A water turbine is a rotary machine that converts kinetic energy and potential energy of water into mechanical work.

New!!: Turbine and Water turbine · See more »

Water wheel

A water wheel is a machine for converting the energy of flowing or falling water into useful forms of power, often in a watermill.

New!!: Turbine and Water wheel · See more »


The watt (symbol: W) is a unit of power.

New!!: Turbine and Watt · See more »

Wind turbine

A wind turbine is a device that converts the wind's kinetic energy into electrical energy.

New!!: Turbine and Wind turbine · See more »


A windmill is a mill that converts the energy of wind into rotational energy by means of vanes called sails or blades.

New!!: Turbine and Windmill · See more »

Work (physics)

In physics, a force is said to do work if, when acting, there is a displacement of the point of application in the direction of the force.

New!!: Turbine and Work (physics) · See more »

World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

New!!: Turbine and World War II · See more »

Redirects here:

Blade (rotary machinery), Guide vane, Impulse turbine, Reaction turbine, Rotor (turbine), Silent turbine, Turbine engines, Turbine propulsion, Turbines, Turbopropulsion.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turbine

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »