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Index Turbocharger

A turbocharger, or colloquially turbo, is a turbine-driven forced induction device that increases an internal combustion engine's efficiency and power output by forcing extra air into the combustion chamber. [1]

121 relations: ABB Group, Actuator, Adiabatic process, Aircraft engine, Alfred Büchi, Allison V-1710, Altitude, Antilag system, Aspect ratio, Atmosphere of Earth, Atmospheric pressure, Avgas, Axial turbine, Ball bearing, Bar (unit), Blowoff valve, Boat, Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, Boost controller, Boost gauge, BorgWarner, Brown, Boveri & Cie, Catalytic converter, Centrifugal compressor, Chevrolet Corvair, Colorado, Colorado State Highway 5, Compressor stall, Consolidated B-24 Liberator, Corporate average fuel economy, Crankshaft, Daytona Beach, Florida, Death Valley, Denver, Diesel cycle, Diesel engine, Diesel motorcycle, Drag equation, Electro-Motive Diesel, Electronic control unit, EMD 567, EMD 645, EMD 710, Engine control unit, Engine downsizing, Engine knocking, Exhaust gas, Exhaust manifold, Exhaust pulse pressure charging, Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure, ..., Firing order, Foil bearing, Forced induction, Freewheel, Fuel cell, Gay-Lussac's law, General aviation, General Electric, Gottlieb Daimler, Heavy bomber, Heavy fighter, Honeywell Turbo Technologies, Hybrid turbocharger, Inlet manifold, Inline engine (aeronautics), Intercooler, Internal combustion engine, JTD engine, Kawasaki motorcycles, La Rinconada, Peru, Liberty L-12, Lockheed P-38 Lightning, Locomotive, Manifold vacuum, Mercedes-Benz W116, Metre, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Napier Lion, Naturally aspirated engine, Operating temperature, Otto cycle, Petroleum coke, Pikes Peak, Porsche 911, Porsche 930, Power density, Power-to-weight ratio, Pratt & Whitney R-1830 Twin Wasp, Pump, Radial turbine, Ram-air intake, Reciprocating engine, Reduced vertical separation minima, Relief valve, Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, Revolutions per minute, Rolls-Royce Merlin, Roots-type supercharger, Saab 99, Sanford Alexander Moss, Saurer, Ship, Solenoid, Stoichiometry, Sulzer (manufacturer), Supercharger, Throttle response, Tractor, Truck, Turbine, Turbocharger, Twin-turbo, Twincharger, United States Army Air Forces, V12 engine, Variable-geometry turbocharger, Volumetric efficiency, Vought F4U Corsair, Wastegate, Winterthur, Wright R-1820 Cyclone. Expand index (71 more) »

ABB Group

ABB (ASEA Brown Boveri) is a Swedish-Swiss multinational corporation headquartered in Zurich, Switzerland, operating mainly in robotics, power, heavy electrical equipments, and automation technology areas.

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An actuator is a component of a machine that is responsible for moving and controlling a mechanism or system, for example by opening a valve.

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Adiabatic process

In thermodynamics, an adiabatic process is one that occurs without transfer of heat or matter between a thermodynamic system and its surroundings.

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Aircraft engine

An aircraft engine is the component of the propulsion system for an aircraft that generates mechanical power.

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Alfred Büchi

Alfred Büchi (July 11, 1879 – October 27, 1959) was a Swiss engineer and inventor.

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Allison V-1710

The Allison V-1710 aircraft engine designed and produced by the Allison Engine Company was the only US-developed V-12 liquid-cooled engine to see service during World War II.

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Altitude or height (sometimes known as depth) is defined based on the context in which it is used (aviation, geometry, geographical survey, sport, atmospheric pressure, and many more).

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Antilag system

An anti-lag system (ALS) or misfiring system is a system used on turbocharged engines to minimize turbo lag on racing cars.

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Aspect ratio

The aspect ratio of a geometric shape is the ratio of its sizes in different dimensions.

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Atmosphere of Earth

The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity.

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Atmospheric pressure

Atmospheric pressure, sometimes also called barometric pressure, is the pressure within the atmosphere of Earth (or that of another planet).

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Avgas (aviation gasoline, also known as aviation spirit in the UK), is an aviation fuel used in spark-ignited internal-combustion engines to propel aircraft.

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Axial turbine

An axial turbine is a turbine in which the flow of the working fluid is parallel to the shaft, as opposed to radial turbines, where the fluid runs around a shaft, as in a watermill.

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Ball bearing

A ball bearing is a type of rolling-element bearing that uses balls to maintain the separation between the bearing races.

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Bar (unit)

The bar is a metric unit of pressure, but is not approved as part of the International System of Units (SI).

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Blowoff valve

A blowoff valve (BOV), dump valve or compressor bypass valve (CBV) is a pressure release system present in most turbocharged engines.

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A boat is a watercraft of a large range of type and size.

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Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress

The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is a four-engine heavy bomber developed in the 1930s for the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC).

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Boost controller

A boost controller is a device to control the boost level produced in the intake manifold of a turbocharged or supercharged engine by affecting the air pressure delivered to the pneumatic and mechanical wastegate actuator.

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Boost gauge

A boost gauge is a pressure gauge that indicates manifold air pressure or turbocharger or supercharger boost pressure in an internal combustion engine.

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BorgWarner Inc. is an American worldwide automotive industry components and parts supplier.

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Brown, Boveri & Cie

Brown, Boveri (BBC) was a Swiss group of electrical engineering companies.

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Catalytic converter

A catalytic converter is an exhaust emission control device that converts toxic gases and pollutants in exhaust gas from an internal combustion engine into less-toxic pollutants by catalyzing a redox reaction (an oxidation and a reduction reaction).

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Centrifugal compressor

Centrifugal compressors, sometimes termed radial compressors, are a sub-class of dynamic axisymmetric work-absorbing turbomachinery.

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Chevrolet Corvair

The Chevrolet Corvair is a compact car manufactured by Chevrolet for model years 1960–1969.

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Colorado is a state of the United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains.

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Colorado State Highway 5

State Highway 5 in the U.S. state of Colorado is the highest paved road in North America.

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Compressor stall

A compressor stall is a local disruption of the airflow in a gas turbine or turbocharger compressor.

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Consolidated B-24 Liberator

The Consolidated B-24 Liberator is an American heavy bomber, designed by Consolidated Aircraft of San Diego, California.

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Corporate average fuel economy

The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards are regulations in the United States, first enacted by the United States Congress in 1975, after the 1973–74 Arab Oil Embargo, to improve the average fuel economy of cars and light trucks (trucks, vans and sport utility vehicles) produced for sale in the United States.

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A crankshaft—related to crank—is a mechanical part able to perform a conversion between reciprocating motion and rotational motion.

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Daytona Beach, Florida

Daytona Beach is a city in Volusia County, Florida, United States.

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Death Valley

Death Valley is a desert valley located in Eastern California, in the northern Mojave Desert bordering the Great Basin Desert.

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Denver, officially the City and County of Denver, is the capital and most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Colorado.

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Diesel cycle

The Diesel cycle is a combustion process of a reciprocating internal combustion engine.

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Diesel engine

The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel which is injected into the combustion chamber is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to mechanical compression (adiabatic compression).

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Diesel motorcycle

A diesel motorcycle is a motorcycle with a diesel engine.

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Drag equation

In fluid dynamics, the drag equation is a formula used to calculate the force of drag experienced by an object due to movement through a fully enclosing fluid.

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Electro-Motive Diesel

Electro-Motive Diesel (EMD) is an American manufacturer of diesel-electric locomotives, locomotive products and diesel engines for the rail industry.

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Electronic control unit

An Electronic Control Unit (ECU) is any embedded system in automotive electronics that controls one or more of the electrical systems or subsystems in a vehicle.

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EMD 567

The EMD 567 is a line of large medium-speed diesel engines built by General Motors' Electro-Motive Division.

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EMD 645

The EMD 645 family of diesel engines was designed and manufactured by the Electro-Motive Division of General Motors.

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EMD 710

The EMD 710 is a line of diesel engines built by Electro-Motive Diesel (previously General Motors' Electro-Motive Division).

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Engine control unit

An engine control unit (ECU), also commonly called an engine control module (ECM), is a type of electronic control unit that controls a series of actuators on an internal combustion engine to ensure optimal engine performance.

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Engine downsizing

Engine downsizing is the use of a smaller engine in a vehicle that provides the power of a larger engine, through the use of recent technologies.

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Engine knocking

Knocking (also knock,, spark knock, pinging or pinking) in spark-ignition internal combustion engines occurs when combustion of some of the air/fuel mixture in the cylinder does not result from propagation of the flame front ignited by the spark plug, but one or more pockets of air/fuel mixture explode outside the envelope of the normal combustion front.

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Exhaust gas

Exhaust gas or flue gas is emitted as a result of the combustion of fuels such as natural gas, gasoline, petrol, biodiesel blends, diesel fuel, fuel oil, or coal.

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Exhaust manifold

In automotive engineering, an exhaust manifold collects the exhaust gases from multiple cylinders into one pipe.

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Exhaust pulse pressure charging

Exhaust pulse pressure charging (EPPC) is a system for supercharging two-stroke diesel engines of the loop-scavenge type.

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Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure

The Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (Bundesministerium für Verkehr und digitale Infrastruktur), abbreviated BMVI, is a cabinet-level ministry of the Federal Republic of Germany.

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Firing order

This is achieved by sparking of the spark plugs in a gasoline engine in the correct order, or by the sequence of fuel injection in a Diesel engine.

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Foil bearing

Foil bearings, also known as foil-air bearings, are a type of air bearing.

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Forced induction

Forced induction is the process of delivering compressed air to the intake of an internal combustion engine.

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Freewheel mechanism In mechanical or automotive engineering, a freewheel or overrunning clutch is a device in a transmission that disengages the driveshaft from the driven shaft when the driven shaft rotates faster than the driveshaft.

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Fuel cell

A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through an electrochemical reaction of hydrogen fuel with oxygen or another oxidizing agent.

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Gay-Lussac's law

Gay-Lussac's law can refer to several discoveries made by French chemist Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac (1778–1850) and other scientists in the late 18th and early 19th centuries pertaining to thermal expansion of gases and the relationship between temperature, volume, and pressure.

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General aviation

General aviation (GA) is all civil aviation operations other than scheduled air services and non-scheduled air transport operations for remuneration or hire.

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General Electric

General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.

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Gottlieb Daimler

Gottlieb Wilhelm Daimler (17 March 1834 – 6 March 1900) was an engineer, industrial designer and industrialist born in Schorndorf (Kingdom of Württemberg, a federal state of the German Confederation), in what is now Germany.

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Heavy bomber

Heavy bombers are bomber aircraft capable of delivering the largest payload of air-to-ground weaponry (usually bombs) and longest range of their era.

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Heavy fighter

A heavy fighter is a fighter aircraft designed to carry heavier weapons or operate at longer ranges than light fighter aircraft.

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Honeywell Turbo Technologies

Honeywell Turbo Technologies, formerly Garrett Engine Boosting Systems, is an American company primarily involved in engineering, development and manufacturing of turbochargers and related forced induction systems.

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Hybrid turbocharger

A hybrid turbocharger is an electric turbocharger consisting of a high speed turbine-generator and a high speed electric air compressor.

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Inlet manifold

In automotive engineering, an inlet manifold or intake manifold (in American English) is the part of an engine that supplies the fuel/air mixture to the cylinders.

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Inline engine (aeronautics)

In aviation, an inline engine is a reciprocating engine with banks of cylinders, one behind another, rather than rows of cylinders, with each bank having any number of cylinders, but rarely more than six.

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An intercooler is any mechanical device used to cool a fluid, including liquids or gases, between stages of a multi-stage compression process, typically a heat exchanger that removes waste heat in a gas compressor.

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Internal combustion engine

An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.

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JTD engine

Multijet is Fiat Chrysler Automobiles' term for its current common rail direct injection turbodiesel engine range.

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Kawasaki motorcycles

Kawasaki motorcycles are manufactured by the Motorcycle & Engine division of Kawasaki Heavy Industries at plants in Japan, USA, Philippines, Indonesia and Thailand.

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La Rinconada, Peru

La Rinconada is a town in the Peruvian Andes located near a gold mine.

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Liberty L-12

The Liberty L-12 was an American 27-litre (1,649 cubic inch) water-cooled 45° V-12 aircraft engine of designed for a high power-to-weight ratio and ease of mass production.

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Lockheed P-38 Lightning

The Lockheed P-38 Lightning is a World War II-era American piston-engined fighter aircraft.

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A locomotive or engine is a rail transport vehicle that provides the motive power for a train.

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Manifold vacuum

Manifold vacuum, or engine vacuum in an internal combustion engine is the difference in air pressure between the engine's intake manifold and Earth's atmosphere.

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Mercedes-Benz W116

The Mercedes-Benz W116 is a series of flagship luxury sedans produced from September 1972 until 1980.

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The metre (British spelling and BIPM spelling) or meter (American spelling) (from the French unit mètre, from the Greek noun μέτρον, "measure") is the base unit of length in some metric systems, including the International System of Units (SI).

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Mitsubishi Heavy Industries

is a Japanese multinational engineering, electrical equipment and electronics company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.

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Napier Lion

The Napier Lion was a 12-cylinder 'broad arrow' W12 configuration aircraft engine built by D. Napier & Son from 1917 until the 1930s.

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Naturally aspirated engine

A naturally aspirated engine is an internal combustion engine in which oxygen intake depends solely on atmospheric pressure and does not rely on forced induction through a turbocharger or a supercharger.

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Operating temperature

An operating temperature is the temperature at which an electrical or mechanical device operates.

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Otto cycle

An Otto cycle is an idealized thermodynamic cycle that describes the functioning of a typical spark ignition piston engine.

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Petroleum coke

Petroleum coke, abbreviated coke or petcoke, is a final carbon-rich solid material that derives from oil refining, and is one type of the group of fuels referred to as cokes.

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Pikes Peak

Pikes Peak is the highest summit of the southern Front Range of the Rocky Mountains, in North America.

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Porsche 911

The Porsche 911 (pronounced Nine Eleven or in Neunelfer) is a two-door, 2+2 high performance rear-engined classic German sports car made since 1963 by Porsche AG of Stuttgart, Germany.

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Porsche 930

The Porsche 930 is a sports car built by Porsche between 1975 and 1989, known to the public as the 911 Turbo.

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Power density

Power density (or volume power density or volume specific power) is the amount of power (time rate of energy transfer) per unit volume.

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Power-to-weight ratio

Power-to-weight ratio (or specific power or power-to-mass ratio) is a calculation commonly applied to engines and mobile power sources to enable the comparison of one unit or design to another.

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Pratt & Whitney R-1830 Twin Wasp

The Pratt & Whitney R-1830 Twin Wasp is an American aircraft engine widely used in the 1930s and 1940s.

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A pump is a device that moves fluids (liquids or gases), or sometimes slurries, by mechanical action.

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Radial turbine

A radial turbine is a turbine in which the flow of the working fluid is radial to the shaft.

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Ram-air intake

A ram-air intake is any intake design which uses the dynamic air pressure created by vehicle motion to increase the static air pressure inside of the intake manifold on an internal combustion engine, thus allowing a greater massflow through the engine and hence increasing engine power.

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Reciprocating engine

A reciprocating engine, also often known as a piston engine, is typically a heat engine (although there are also pneumatic and hydraulic reciprocating engines) that uses one or more reciprocating pistons to convert pressure into a rotating motion.

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Reduced vertical separation minima

Reduced Vertical Separation Minima or Minimum (RVSM) is the reduction of the standard vertical separation required between aircraft flying between FL290 (29,000 ft) and FL410 (41,000 ft) inclusive, from 2,000 feet to 1,000 feet (or between 8,850 and 12,500 m from 600 m to 300 m).

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Relief valve

A relief valve or pressure relief valve (PRV) is a type of safety valve used to control or limit the pressure in a system; pressure might otherwise build up and create a process upset, instrument or equipment failure, or fire.

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Republic P-47 Thunderbolt

The Republic P-47 Thunderbolt was a World War II era fighter aircraft produced by the United States from 1941 through 1945.

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Revolutions per minute

Revolutions per minute (abbreviated rpm, RPM, rev/min, r/min) is the number of turns in one minute.

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Rolls-Royce Merlin

The Rolls-Royce Merlin is a British liquid-cooled V-12 piston aero engine of 27-litres (1,650 cu in) capacity.

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Roots-type supercharger

The Roots type blower is a positive displacement lobe pump which operates by pumping a fluid with a pair of meshing lobes not unlike a set of stretched gears.

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Saab 99

The Saab 99 is a compact executive car which was produced by Saab from 1968 to 1984.

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Sanford Alexander Moss

Sanford Alexander Moss (August 23, 1872 – November 10, 1946) was an American aviation engineer, who was the first to use a turbocharger on an aircraft engine.

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Adolph Saurer AG was a Swiss manufacturer of trucks and buses under the Saurer and Berna (beginning in 1929) brand names.

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A ship is a large watercraft that travels the world's oceans and other sufficiently deep waterways, carrying passengers or goods, or in support of specialized missions, such as defense, research and fishing.

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A solenoid (/ˈsolə.nɔɪd/) (from the French solénoïde, derived in turn from the Greek solen ("pipe, channel") and eidos ("form, shape")) is a coil wound into a tightly packed helix.

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Stoichiometry is the calculation of reactants and products in chemical reactions.

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Sulzer (manufacturer)

Sulzer Ltd. is a Swiss industrial engineering and manufacturing firm, founded by Salomon Sulzer-Bernet in 1775 and established as Sulzer Brothers Ltd. (Gebrüder Sulzer) in 1834 in Winterthur, Switzerland. Today it is a publicly traded company with international subsidiaries. The company's shares are listed on the Swiss Stock Exchange. Sulzer's core strengths are flow control and applicators. The company specializes in pumping solutions and services for rotating equipment, as well as separation, mixing and application technology. Sulzer Brothers helped develop shuttleless weaving, and their core business was loom manufacture. Rudolf Diesel worked for Sulzer in 1879, and in 1893 Sulzer bought certain rights to diesel engines. Sulzer built their first diesel engine in 1898.

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A supercharger is an air compressor that increases the pressure or density of air supplied to an internal combustion engine.

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Throttle response

Throttle response or vehicle responsiveness is a measure of how quickly a vehicle's prime mover, such as an internal combustion engine, can increase its power output in response to a driver's request for acceleration.

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A tractor is an engineering vehicle specifically designed to deliver at a high tractive effort (or torque) at slow speeds, for the purposes of hauling a trailer or machinery used in agriculture or construction.

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A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle designed to transport cargo.

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A turbine (from the Latin turbo, a vortex, related to the Greek τύρβη, tyrbē, meaning "turbulence") is a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work.

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A turbocharger, or colloquially turbo, is a turbine-driven forced induction device that increases an internal combustion engine's efficiency and power output by forcing extra air into the combustion chamber.

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Twin-turbo or biturbo refers to a turbocharged engine in which two turbochargers compress the intake charge.

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Twincharger refers to a compound forced induction system used on some piston-type internal combustion engines.

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United States Army Air Forces

The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.

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V12 engine

A V12 engine is a V engine with 12 cylinders mounted on the crankcase in two banks of six cylinders each, usually but not always at a 60° angle to each other, with all 12 pistons driving a common crankshaft.

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Variable-geometry turbocharger

Variable-geometry turbochargers (VGTs), (also known as variable nozzle turbines/VNTs), are a family of turbochargers, usually designed to allow the effective aspect ratio (A:R) of the turbo to be altered as conditions change.

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Volumetric efficiency

Volumetric efficiency (VE) in internal combustion engine engineering is defined as the ratio of the mass density of the air-fuel mixture drawn into the cylinder at atmospheric pressure (during the intake stroke) to the mass density of the same volume of air in the intake manifold.

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Vought F4U Corsair

The Vought F4U Corsair is an American fighter aircraft that saw service primarily in World War II and the Korean War.

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A wastegate is a valve that diverts exhaust gases away from the turbine wheel in a turbocharged engine system.

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Winterthur (lang) is a city in the canton of Zürich in northern Switzerland.

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Wright R-1820 Cyclone

The Wright R-1820 Cyclone 9 was an American radial engine developed by Curtiss-Wright, widely used on aircraft in the 1930s through 1950s.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turbocharger

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