88 relations: Adiabatic process, Afterburner, Air-start system, Airbreathing jet engine, Alan Arnold Griffith, Ammonia, Axial compressor, Bill Gunston, Bleed air, Boeing 787 Dreamliner, Brayton cycle, Cambridge Digital Library, Centrifugal compressor, Choked flow, Combustor, Commercial aviation, Concorde, Creep (deformation), Cruise missile, De Havilland Goblin, De Laval nozzle, Energy, Environmental control system (aircraft), Erich Warsitz, Exoskeletal engine, Frank Whittle, Fuel, Fuel efficiency, Gas turbine, General Electric, General Electric CF6, General Electric CJ610, Germany, Gloster E.28/39, Gloster Meteor, Hans von Ohain, Heinkel He 178, Heinkel HeS 3, Hong Kong, Inconel, Jet car, Junkers Jumo 004, Land speed record, Lockheed C-141 Starlifter, Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird, Maxime Guillaume, Messerschmitt Me 262, Nimonic, North American XB-70 Valkyrie, Overall pressure ratio, ..., Pelton wheel, Peterhouse, Cambridge, Power (physics), Power Jets W.1, Power Jets W.2, Power Jets WU, Pressure, Propelling nozzle, Range (aeronautics), Reciprocating engine, Reverse salient, Rolls-Royce Derwent, Rolls-Royce Welland, Rolls-Royce/Snecma Olympus 593, Royal Air Force College Cranwell, Scaled Composites White Knight, SpaceShipOne, Speed of sound, Sub-orbital spaceflight, Superalloy, Supersonic aircraft, Temperature, Thermal efficiency, Thrust, Time between overhauls, True airspeed, Tupolev Tu-144, Turbine, Turbine engine failure, Turbofan, Turbojet development at the RAE, Turboprop, Turboshaft, Type certificate, United Kingdom, Variable cycle engine, Water injection (engine), World War II. Expand index (38 more) » « Shrink index
In thermodynamics, an adiabatic process is one that occurs without transfer of heat or matter between a thermodynamic system and its surroundings.
An afterburner (or a reheat) is a component present on some jet engines, mostly those used on military supersonic aircraft.
An air-start system is a power source used to provide the initial rotation to start large diesel and gas turbine engines.
An airbreathing jet engine (or ducted jet engine) is a jet engine propelled by a jet of hot exhaust gases formed from heated and expanded air that is drawn into the engine via a compressor, typically a centrifugal or axial type.
Alan Arnold Griffith (13 June 1893 – 13 October 1963) was the son of Victorian science fiction author George Griffith and an English engineer.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
An axial compressor is a compressor that can continuously pressurize gases.
Bill Gunston OBE FRAeS (1 March 1927 - 1 June 2013) was a British aviation and military author.
Bleed air produced by gas turbine engines is compressed air that is taken from the compressor stage of those engines, which is upstream of the fuel-burning sections.
The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is an American long-haul, mid-size widebody, twin-engine jet airliner made by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Brayton cycle is a thermodynamic cycle named after George Brayton who describes the workings of a constant-pressure heat engine.
The Cambridge Digital Library is a project operated by the Cambridge University Library designed to make items from the unique and distinctive collections of Cambridge University Library available online.
Centrifugal compressors, sometimes termed radial compressors, are a sub-class of dynamic axisymmetric work-absorbing turbomachinery.
Choked flow is a compressible flow effect.
A combustor is a component or area of a gas turbine, ramjet, or scramjet engine where combustion takes place.
Commercial aviation is the part of civil aviation (both general aviation and scheduled airline services) that involves operating aircraft for hire to transport passengers or multiple loads of cargo.
The Aérospatiale/BAC Concorde is a British-French turbojet-powered supersonic passenger airliner that was operated from 1976 until 2003.
In materials science, creep (sometimes called cold flow) is the tendency of a solid material to move slowly or deform permanently under the influence of mechanical stresses.
A cruise missile is a guided missile used against terrestrial targets that remains in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed.
The de Havilland Goblin, originally designated as the Halford H-1, is an early turbojet engine designed by Frank Halford and built by de Havilland.
A de Laval nozzle (or convergent-divergent nozzle, CD nozzle or con-di nozzle) is a tube that is pinched in the middle, making a carefully balanced, asymmetric hourglass shape.
In physics, energy is the quantitative property that must be transferred to an object in order to perform work on, or to heat, the object.
The environmental control system (ECS) of an aircraft provides air supply, thermal control and cabin pressurization for the crew and passengers.
Erich Warsitz (18 October 1906, Hattingen, Westphalia – 12 July 1983) was a German test pilot of the 1930s.
The exoskeletal engine (ESE) is a concept in turbomachinery design.
Air Commodore Sir Frank Whittle (1 June 1907 – 9 August 1996) was a British Royal Air Force air officer.
A fuel is any material that can be made to react with other substances so that it releases energy as heat energy or to be used for work.
Fuel efficiency is a form of thermal efficiency, meaning the ratio from effort to result of a process that converts chemical potential energy contained in a carrier (fuel) into kinetic energy or work.
A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous combustion, internal combustion engine.
General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.
The General Electric CF6 is a family of high-bypass turbofan engines produced by GE Aviation.
The General Electric CJ610 is a non-afterburning turbojet engine derived from the military J85, and is used on a number of civilian business jets.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The Gloster E.28/39, (also referred to as the Gloster Whittle, Gloster Pioneer, or Gloster G.40) was the first British jet-engined aircraft to fly, in 1941.
The Gloster Meteor was the first British jet fighter and the Allies' only jet aircraft to achieve combat operations during the Second World War.
Hans Joachim Pabst von Ohain (14 December 191113 March 1998), a German physicist, was the designer of the first operational jet engine.
The Heinkel He 178 was the world's first aircraft to fly under turbojet power, and the first practical jet aircraft.
The Heinkel HeS 3 (HeS - Heinkel Strahltriebwerke) was the world's first operational jet engine to power an aircraft.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Inconel is a family of austenitic nickel-chromium-based superalloys.
A jet car is a car propelled by a jet engine.
The Junkers Jumo 004, was the world's first production turbojet engine in operational use, and the first successful axial compressor turbojet engine.
The land speed record (or absolute land speed record) is the highest speed achieved by a person using a vehicle on land.
The Lockheed C-141 Starlifter was a military strategic airlifter that served with the Military Air Transport Service (MATS), its successor organization the Military Airlift Command (MAC), and finally the Air Mobility Command (AMC) of the United States Air Force (USAF).
The Lockheed SR-71 "Blackbird" is a long-range, Mach 3+ strategic reconnaissance aircraft that was operated by the United States Air Force.
In aerospace, Maxime Guillaume held a French patent for a turbojet engine in 1921.
The Messerschmitt Me 262, nicknamed Schwalbe (German: "Swallow") in fighter versions, or Sturmvogel (German: "Storm Bird") in fighter-bomber versions, was the world's first operational jet-powered fighter aircraft.
Nimonic is a registered trademark of Special Metals Corporation that refers to a family of nickel-based high-temperature low creep superalloys.
The North American Aviation XB-70 Valkyrie was the prototype version of the planned B-70 nuclear-armed, deep-penetration strategic bomber for the United States Air Force Strategic Air Command.
In aeronautical engineering, overall pressure ratio, or overall compression ratio, is the ratio of the stagnation pressure as measured at the front and rear of the compressor of a gas turbine engine.
The Pelton wheel is an impulse-type water turbine.
Peterhouse is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England.
In physics, power is the rate of doing work, the amount of energy transferred per unit time.
The Power Jets W.1 (sometimes called the Whittle W.1) was a British turbojet engine designed by Frank Whittle and Power Jets.
The Power Jets W.2 was a British turbojet engine designed by Frank Whittle and Power Jets (Research and Development) Ltd.
The Power Jets WU (Whittle Unit) was a series of three very different experimental jet engines produced and tested by Frank Whittle and his small team in the late 1930s.
Pressure (symbol: p or P) is the force applied perpendicular to the surface of an object per unit area over which that force is distributed.
A propelling nozzle is a nozzle that converts a gas turbine or gas generator into a jet engine.
The maximal total range is the maximum distance an aircraft can fly between takeoff and landing, as limited by fuel capacity in powered aircraft, or cross-country speed and environmental conditions in unpowered aircraft.
A reciprocating engine, also often known as a piston engine, is typically a heat engine (although there are also pneumatic and hydraulic reciprocating engines) that uses one or more reciprocating pistons to convert pressure into a rotating motion.
Thomas P. Hughes,Hughes, T. P. (1983).
The Rolls-Royce RB.37 Derwent is a 1940s British centrifugal compressor turbojet engine, the second Rolls-Royce jet engine to enter production.
The Rolls-Royce RB.23 Welland was Britain's first production jet engine.
The Rolls-Royce/Snecma Olympus 593 was an Anglo-French afterburning (reheated) turbojet which powered the supersonic airliner Concorde.
The Royal Air Force College (RAFC) is the Royal Air Force training and education academy which provides initial training to all RAF personnel who are preparing to be commissioned officers.
The Scaled Composites Model 318 White Knight (now also called White Knight One) is a jet-powered carrier aircraft used to launch the Scaled Composites SpaceShipOne experimental spacecraft.
SpaceShipOne is an experimental air-launched rocket-powered aircraft with sub-orbital spaceflight capability at speeds of up to 900 m/s (3,000 ft/s), using a hybrid rocket motor.
The speed of sound is the distance travelled per unit time by a sound wave as it propagates through an elastic medium.
A sub-orbital spaceflight is a spaceflight in which the spacecraft reaches space, but its trajectory intersects the atmosphere or surface of the gravitating body from which it was launched, so that it will not complete one orbital revolution.
A superalloy, or high-performance alloy, is an alloy that exhibits several key characteristics: excellent mechanical strength, resistance to thermal creep deformation, good surface stability, and resistance to corrosion or oxidation.
A supersonic aircraft is an aircraft able to fly faster than the speed of sound (Mach number 1).
Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.
In thermodynamics, the thermal efficiency (\eta_ \) is a dimensionless performance measure of a device that uses thermal energy, such as an internal combustion engine, a steam turbine or a steam engine, a boiler, furnace, or a refrigerator for example.
Thrust is a reaction force described quantitatively by Newton's third law.
Time between overhauls (abbreviated as TBO or TBOH) is the manufacturer's recommended number of running hours or calendar time before an aircraft engine or other component requires overhaul.
The true airspeed (TAS; also KTAS, for knots true airspeed) of an aircraft is the speed of the aircraft relative to the airmass in which it is flying.
The Tupolev Tu-144 (Tyполев Ту-144; NATO reporting name: Charger) is a retired jet airliner and commercial supersonic transport aircraft (SST).
A turbine (from the Latin turbo, a vortex, related to the Greek τύρβη, tyrbē, meaning "turbulence") is a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work.
A turbine engine failure occurs when a turbine engine in an aircraft unexpectedly stops producing thrust or power production due to a malfunction other than fuel exhaustion, although the term "turbine engine failure" can also apply to failure of any turbine engine, such as ground-based turbines used in power plants, turbine-engined vessels (i.e. CODAG) and vehicles, etc.
The turbofan or fanjet is a type of airbreathing jet engine that is widely used in aircraft propulsion.
Between 1936 and 1940 Alan Arnold Griffith designed a series of turbine engines that were built under the direction of Hayne Constant at the Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE).
A turboprop engine is a turbine engine that drives an aircraft propeller.
A turboshaft engine is a form of gas turbine that is optimized to produce shaft power rather than jet thrust.
A type certificate signifies the airworthiness of a particular category of aircraft, according to its manufacturing design (‘type’).
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
A variable cycle engine (VCE) is an aircraft jet engine that is designed to operate efficiently under mixed flight conditions, such as subsonic, transonic and supersonic.
In internal combustion engines, water injection, also known as anti-detonant injection (ADI), can spray water into the incoming air or fuel-air mixture, or directly into the cylinder to cool certain parts of the induction system where "hot points" could produce premature ignition.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.