151 relations: Abstract machine, ACM SIGACT, Alan Turing, Alan Turing: The Enigma, Algorithm, Alonzo Church, Alphabet (formal languages), Analytical Engine, Andrew Hodges, ANSI C, Arithmetical hierarchy, Assembly language, Automatic Computing Engine, Automaton, Batch processing, Bekenstein bound, Binary search algorithm, Black box, BlooP and FlooP, Busy beaver, Cantor's diagonal argument, Central processing unit, Chaitin's constant, Charles Babbage, Charles Petzold, Christos Papadimitriou, Church–Turing thesis, Claude Shannon, Completeness (logic), Computability, Computability theory, Computable function, Computation, Computational complexity theory, Computer, Computer data storage, Computer science, Consistency, Conway's Game of Life, Counter machine, David Hilbert, Decidability (logic), Deterministic finite automaton, Digital infinity, Diophantine equation, Discrete mathematics, EDVAC, Effective method, Emil Leon Post, Entscheidungsproblem, ..., Enumeration, Enumerator (computer science), Finite-state machine, First-order logic, Gödel numbering, Gödel, Escher, Bach, George Stibitz, Goto, Halting problem, Hao Wang (academic), Hartley Rogers Jr., Harvard architecture, Heinrich Behmann, Hilbert's problems, Howard H. Aiken, Imperative programming, Input/output automaton, Interactivity, Introduction to Automata Theory, Languages, and Computation, Ivars Peterson, J. Barkley Rosser, Jack Copeland, Jan van Leeuwen, Jeffrey Ullman, John Hopcroft, Journal of the ACM, King's College, Cambridge, Konrad Zuse, Kurt Gödel, Lambda calculus, Langton's ant, Leonardo Torres y Quevedo, Linear bounded automaton, Logarithm, Logic, Louis Couffignal, Martin Davis, Marvin Minsky, Mathematics, Max Newman, Memory management, Michael Sipser, Model of computation, Modified Harvard architecture, Multi-track Turing machine, Multitape Turing machine, Non-deterministic Turing machine, Nondeterministic finite automaton, Oracle machine, Out of memory, Oxford University Press, Partial function, Pascal (programming language), Paul Strathern, Percy Ludgate, Peter van Emde Boas, Philbert Maurice d'Ocagne, Post–Turing machine, Powerset construction, Princeton University Press, Probabilistic Turing machine, Programming language, Pushdown automaton, Quantum Turing machine, Random-access machine, Random-access memory, Random-access stored-program machine, Read-only right moving Turing machines, Recursively enumerable set, Register machine, Richard E. Stearns, Robin Gandy, Roger Penrose, Simon & Schuster, Stack (abstract data type), Stephen Cole Kleene, Stephen Hawking, Stephen Wolfram, Stored-program computer, Taylor Booth, The Emperor's New Mind, Theory of computation, Transition system, Tuple, Turing completeness, Turing machine examples, Turing switch, Turing tarpit, Turing's proof, Turmite, Unbounded nondeterminism, United Kingdom, Universal Turing machine, Unorganized machine, Unrestricted grammar, Vannevar Bush, Von Neumann architecture, Wiktionary, Wolfram Demonstrations Project, World War II, Zohar Manna. Expand index (101 more) » « Shrink index
An abstract machine, also called an abstract computer, is a theoretical model of a computer hardware or software system used in automata theory.
New!!: Turing machine and Abstract machine · See more »
ACM SIGACT or SIGACT is the Association for Computing Machinery Special Interest Group on Algorithms and Computation Theory, whose purpose is support of research in theoretical computer science.
New!!: Turing machine and ACM SIGACT · See more »
Alan Mathison Turing (23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954) was an English computer scientist, mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, philosopher, and theoretical biologist.
New!!: Turing machine and Alan Turing · See more »
Alan Turing: The Enigma
Alan Turing: The Enigma (1983) is a biography of the British mathematician, codebreaker, and early computer scientist, Alan Turing (1912–1954) by Andrew Hodges.
New!!: Turing machine and Alan Turing: The Enigma · See more »
In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is an unambiguous specification of how to solve a class of problems.
New!!: Turing machine and Algorithm · See more »
Alonzo Church (June 14, 1903 – August 11, 1995) was an American mathematician and logician who made major contributions to mathematical logic and the foundations of theoretical computer science.
New!!: Turing machine and Alonzo Church · See more »
Alphabet (formal languages)
In formal language theory, a string is defined as a finite sequence of members of an underlying base set; this set is called the alphabet of a string or collection of strings.
New!!: Turing machine and Alphabet (formal languages) · See more »
The Analytical Engine was a proposed mechanical general-purpose computer designed by English mathematician and computer pioneer Charles Babbage.
New!!: Turing machine and Analytical Engine · See more »
Andrew Hodges (born 1949) is a British mathematician and author.
New!!: Turing machine and Andrew Hodges · See more »
ANSI C, ISO C and Standard C refer to the successive standards for the C programming language published by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).
New!!: Turing machine and ANSI C · See more »
In mathematical logic, the arithmetical hierarchy, arithmetic hierarchy or Kleene–Mostowski hierarchy classifies certain sets based on the complexity of formulas that define them.
New!!: Turing machine and Arithmetical hierarchy · See more »
An assembly (or assembler) language, often abbreviated asm, is a low-level programming language, in which there is a very strong (but often not one-to-one) correspondence between the assembly program statements and the architecture's machine code instructions.
New!!: Turing machine and Assembly language · See more »
Automatic Computing Engine
The Automatic Computing Engine (ACE) was an early electronic stored-program computer designed by Alan Turing.
New!!: Turing machine and Automatic Computing Engine · See more »
An automaton (plural: automata or automatons) is a self-operating machine, or a machine or control mechanism designed to automatically follow a predetermined sequence of operations, or respond to predetermined instructions.
New!!: Turing machine and Automaton · See more »
In computing, batch processing refers to a computer working through a queue or batch of separate jobs (programs) without manual intervention (non-interactive).
New!!: Turing machine and Batch processing · See more »
In physics, the Bekenstein bound is an upper limit on the entropy S, or information I, that can be contained within a given finite region of space which has a finite amount of energy—or conversely, the maximum amount of information required to perfectly describe a given physical system down to the quantum level.
New!!: Turing machine and Bekenstein bound · See more »
Binary search algorithm
In computer science, binary search, also known as half-interval search,logarithmic search, or binary chop, is a search algorithm that finds the position of a target value within a sorted array.
New!!: Turing machine and Binary search algorithm · See more »
In science, computing, and engineering, a black box is a device, system or object which can be viewed in terms of its inputs and outputs (or transfer characteristics), without any knowledge of its internal workings.
New!!: Turing machine and Black box · See more »
BlooP and FlooP
and are simple programming languages designed by Douglas Hofstadter to illustrate a point in his book Gödel, Escher, Bach.
New!!: Turing machine and BlooP and FlooP · See more »
The busy beaver game consists of designing a halting, binary-alphabet Turing machine which writes the most 1s on the tape, using only a limited set of states.
New!!: Turing machine and Busy beaver · See more »
Cantor's diagonal argument
In set theory, Cantor's diagonal argument, also called the diagonalisation argument, the diagonal slash argument or the diagonal method, was published in 1891 by Georg Cantor as a mathematical proof that there are infinite sets which cannot be put into one-to-one correspondence with the infinite set of natural numbers.
New!!: Turing machine and Cantor's diagonal argument · See more »
Central processing unit
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
New!!: Turing machine and Central processing unit · See more »
In the computer science subfield of algorithmic information theory, a Chaitin constant (Chaitin omega number) or halting probability is a real number that, informally speaking, represents the probability that a randomly constructed program will halt.
New!!: Turing machine and Chaitin's constant · See more »
Charles Babbage (26 December 1791 – 18 October 1871) was an English polymath.
New!!: Turing machine and Charles Babbage · See more »
Charles Petzold (born February 2, 1953, New Brunswick, New Jersey) is an American programmer and technical author on Microsoft Windows applications.
New!!: Turing machine and Charles Petzold · See more »
Christos Harilaos Papadimitriou (Greek: Χρήστος Χαρίλαος Παπαδημητρίου; born August 16, 1949) is a Greek theoretical computer scientist, and professor of Computer Science at Columbia University.
New!!: Turing machine and Christos Papadimitriou · See more »
In computability theory, the Church–Turing thesis (also known as computability thesis, the Turing–Church thesis, the Church–Turing conjecture, Church's thesis, Church's conjecture, and Turing's thesis) is a hypothesis about the nature of computable functions.
New!!: Turing machine and Church–Turing thesis · See more »
Claude Elwood Shannon (April 30, 1916 – February 24, 2001) was an American mathematician, electrical engineer, and cryptographer known as "the father of information theory".
New!!: Turing machine and Claude Shannon · See more »
In mathematical logic and metalogic, a formal system is called complete with respect to a particular property if every formula having the property can be derived using that system, i.e. is one of its theorems; otherwise the system is said to be incomplete.
New!!: Turing machine and Completeness (logic) · See more »
Computability is the ability to solve a problem in an effective manner.
New!!: Turing machine and Computability · See more »
Computability theory, also known as recursion theory, is a branch of mathematical logic, of computer science, and of the theory of computation that originated in the 1930s with the study of computable functions and Turing degrees.
New!!: Turing machine and Computability theory · See more »
Computable functions are the basic objects of study in computability theory.
New!!: Turing machine and Computable function · See more »
Computation is any type of calculation that includes both arithmetical and non-arithmetical steps and follows a well-defined model, for example an algorithm.
New!!: Turing machine and Computation · See more »
Computational complexity theory
Computational complexity theory is a branch of the theory of computation in theoretical computer science that focuses on classifying computational problems according to their inherent difficulty, and relating those classes to each other.
New!!: Turing machine and Computational complexity theory · See more »
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
New!!: Turing machine and Computer · See more »
Computer data storage
Computer data storage, often called storage or memory, is a technology consisting of computer components and recording media that are used to retain digital data.
New!!: Turing machine and Computer data storage · See more »
Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations.
New!!: Turing machine and Computer science · See more »
In classical deductive logic, a consistent theory is one that does not contain a contradiction.
New!!: Turing machine and Consistency · See more »
Conway's Game of Life
The Game of Life, also known simply as Life, is a cellular automaton devised by the British mathematician John Horton Conway in 1970.
New!!: Turing machine and Conway's Game of Life · See more »
A counter machine is an abstract machine used in formal logic and theoretical computer science to model computation.
New!!: Turing machine and Counter machine · See more »
David Hilbert (23 January 1862 – 14 February 1943) was a German mathematician.
New!!: Turing machine and David Hilbert · See more »
In logic, the term decidable refers to the decision problem, the question of the existence of an effective method for determining membership in a set of formulas, or, more precisely, an algorithm that can and will return a boolean true or false value that is correct (instead of looping indefinitely, crashing, returning "don't know" or returning a wrong answer).
New!!: Turing machine and Decidability (logic) · See more »
Deterministic finite automaton
In the theory of computation, a branch of theoretical computer science, a deterministic finite automaton (DFA)—also known as a deterministic finite acceptor (DFA) and a deterministic finite state machine (DFSM) or a deterministic finite state automaton (DFSA)—is a finite-state machine that accepts or rejects strings of symbols and only produces a unique computation (or run) of the automaton for each input string.
New!!: Turing machine and Deterministic finite automaton · See more »
Digital infinity is a technical term in theoretical linguistics.
New!!: Turing machine and Digital infinity · See more »
In mathematics, a Diophantine equation is a polynomial equation, usually in two or more unknowns, such that only the integer solutions are sought or studied (an integer solution is a solution such that all the unknowns take integer values).
New!!: Turing machine and Diophantine equation · See more »
Discrete mathematics is the study of mathematical structures that are fundamentally discrete rather than continuous.
New!!: Turing machine and Discrete mathematics · See more »
EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer) was one of the earliest electronic computers.
New!!: Turing machine and EDVAC · See more »
In logic, mathematics and computer science, especially metalogic and computability theory, an effective methodHunter, Geoffrey, Metalogic: An Introduction to the Metatheory of Standard First-Order Logic, University of California Press, 1971 or effective procedure is a procedure for solving a problem from a specific class.
New!!: Turing machine and Effective method · See more »
Emil Leon Post
Emil Leon Post (February 11, 1897 – April 21, 1954) was an American mathematician and logician.
New!!: Turing machine and Emil Leon Post · See more »
In mathematics and computer science, the Entscheidungsproblem (German for "decision problem") is a challenge posed by David Hilbert in 1928.
New!!: Turing machine and Entscheidungsproblem · See more »
An enumeration is a complete, ordered listing of all the items in a collection.
New!!: Turing machine and Enumeration · See more »
Enumerator (computer science)
An enumerator is a Turing machine that lists, possibly with repetitions, elements of some set S, which it is said to enumerate.
New!!: Turing machine and Enumerator (computer science) · See more »
A finite-state machine (FSM) or finite-state automaton (FSA, plural: automata), finite automaton, or simply a state machine, is a mathematical model of computation.
New!!: Turing machine and Finite-state machine · See more »
First-order logic—also known as first-order predicate calculus and predicate logic—is a collection of formal systems used in mathematics, philosophy, linguistics, and computer science.
New!!: Turing machine and First-order logic · See more »
In mathematical logic, a Gödel numbering is a function that assigns to each symbol and well-formed formula of some formal language a unique natural number, called its Gödel number.
New!!: Turing machine and Gödel numbering · See more »
Gödel, Escher, Bach
Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid, also known as GEB, is a 1979 book by Douglas Hofstadter.
New!!: Turing machine and Gödel, Escher, Bach · See more »
George Robert Stibitz (April 30, 1904 – January 31, 1995) was a Bell Labs researcher internationally recognized as one of the fathers of the modern first digital computer.
New!!: Turing machine and George Stibitz · See more »
GoTo (goto, GOTO, GO TO or other case combinations, depending on the programming language) is a statement found in many computer programming languages.
New!!: Turing machine and Goto · See more »
In computability theory, the halting problem is the problem of determining, from a description of an arbitrary computer program and an input, whether the program will finish running (i.e., halt) or continue to run forever.
New!!: Turing machine and Halting problem · See more »
Hao Wang (academic)
Hao Wang (20 May 1921 – 13 May 1995) was a logician, philosopher, mathematician, and commentator on Kurt Gödel.
New!!: Turing machine and Hao Wang (academic) · See more »
Hartley Rogers Jr.
Hartley Rogers Jr. (1926–2015) was a mathematician who worked in recursion theory, and was a professor in the Mathematics Department of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
New!!: Turing machine and Hartley Rogers Jr. · See more »
The Harvard architecture is a computer architecture with physically separate storage and signal pathways for instructions and data.
New!!: Turing machine and Harvard architecture · See more »
Heinrich Behmann (10 January 1891, in Bremen-Aumund – 3 February 1970, in Bremen-Aumund) was a German mathematician.
New!!: Turing machine and Heinrich Behmann · See more »
Hilbert's problems are twenty-three problems in mathematics published by German mathematician David Hilbert in 1900.
New!!: Turing machine and Hilbert's problems · See more »
Howard H. Aiken
Howard Hathaway Aiken (March 8, 1900 – March 14, 1973) was an American physicist and a pioneer in computing, being the original conceptual designer behind IBM's Harvard Mark I computer.
New!!: Turing machine and Howard H. Aiken · See more »
In computer science, imperative programming is a programming paradigm that uses statements that change a program's state.
New!!: Turing machine and Imperative programming · See more »
Input/output automata provide a formal model, applicable in describing most types of asynchronous concurrent system.
New!!: Turing machine and Input/output automaton · See more »
Across the many fields concerned with interactivity, including information science, computer science, human-computer interaction, communication, and industrial design, there is little agreement over the meaning of the term "interactivity", although all are related to interaction with computers and other machines with a user interface.
New!!: Turing machine and Interactivity · See more »
Introduction to Automata Theory, Languages, and Computation
Introduction to Automata Theory, Languages, and Computation is an influential computer science textbook by John Hopcroft and Jeffrey Ullman on formal languages and the theory of computation.
New!!: Turing machine and Introduction to Automata Theory, Languages, and Computation · See more »
Ivars Peterson (born 4 December 1948) is an award-winning mathematics writer.
New!!: Turing machine and Ivars Peterson · See more »
J. Barkley Rosser
John Barkley Rosser Sr. (December 6, 1907 – September 5, 1989) was an American logician, a student of Alonzo Church, and known for his part in the Church–Rosser theorem, in lambda calculus.
New!!: Turing machine and J. Barkley Rosser · See more »
Brian Jack Copeland (born 1950) is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand, and author of books on the computing pioneer Alan Turing.
New!!: Turing machine and Jack Copeland · See more »
Jan van Leeuwen
Jan van Leeuwen (born December 17, 1946 in Waddinxveen) is a Dutch computer scientist and Emeritus professor of computer science at the Department of Information and Computing Sciences at Utrecht University.
New!!: Turing machine and Jan van Leeuwen · See more »
Jeffrey David "Jeff" Ullman (born November 22, 1942) is an American computer scientist and professor at Stanford University.
New!!: Turing machine and Jeffrey Ullman · See more »
John Edward Hopcroft (born October 7, 1939) is an American theoretical computer scientist.
New!!: Turing machine and John Hopcroft · See more »
Journal of the ACM
The Journal of the ACM is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering computer science in general, especially theoretical aspects.
New!!: Turing machine and Journal of the ACM · See more »
King's College, Cambridge
King's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in Cambridge, England.
New!!: Turing machine and King's College, Cambridge · See more »
Konrad Zuse (22 June 1910 – 18 December 1995) was a German civil engineer, inventor and computer pioneer.
New!!: Turing machine and Konrad Zuse · See more »
Kurt Friedrich Gödel (April 28, 1906 – January 14, 1978) was an Austrian, and later American, logician, mathematician, and philosopher.
New!!: Turing machine and Kurt Gödel · See more »
Lambda calculus (also written as λ-calculus) is a formal system in mathematical logic for expressing computation based on function abstraction and application using variable binding and substitution.
New!!: Turing machine and Lambda calculus · See more »
Langton's ant is a two-dimensional universal Turing machine with a very simple set of rules but complex emergent behavior.
New!!: Turing machine and Langton's ant · See more »
Leonardo Torres y Quevedo
Leonardo Torres y Quevedo (28 December 1852 – 18 December 1936) was a Spanish civil engineer and mathematician of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
New!!: Turing machine and Leonardo Torres y Quevedo · See more »
Linear bounded automaton
In computer science, a linear bounded automaton (plural linear bounded automata, abbreviated LBA) is a restricted form of Turing machine.
New!!: Turing machine and Linear bounded automaton · See more »
In mathematics, the logarithm is the inverse function to exponentiation.
New!!: Turing machine and Logarithm · See more »
Logic (from the logikḗ), originally meaning "the word" or "what is spoken", but coming to mean "thought" or "reason", is a subject concerned with the most general laws of truth, and is now generally held to consist of the systematic study of the form of valid inference.
New!!: Turing machine and Logic · See more »
Louis Pierre Couffignal (16 March 1902 – 4 July 1966) was a French mathematician and cybernetics pioneer, born in Monflanquin.
New!!: Turing machine and Louis Couffignal · See more »
Martin David Davis (born March 8, 1928) is an American mathematician, known for his work on Hilbert's tenth problem.
New!!: Turing machine and Martin Davis · See more »
Marvin Lee Minsky (August 9, 1927 – January 24, 2016) was an American cognitive scientist concerned largely with research of artificial intelligence (AI), co-founder of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's AI laboratory, and author of several texts concerning AI and philosophy.
New!!: Turing machine and Marvin Minsky · See more »
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
New!!: Turing machine and Mathematics · See more »
Maxwell Herman Alexander Newman, FRS, (7 February 1897 – 22 February 1984), generally known as Max Newman, was a British mathematician and codebreaker.
New!!: Turing machine and Max Newman · See more »
Memory management is a form of resource management applied to computer memory.
New!!: Turing machine and Memory management · See more »
Michael Fredric Sipser (born September 17, 1954) is a theoretical computer scientist who has made early contributions to computational complexity theory.
New!!: Turing machine and Michael Sipser · See more »
Model of computation
In computer science, and more specifically in computability theory and computational complexity theory, a model of computation is a model which describes how a set of outputs are computed given a set of inputs.
New!!: Turing machine and Model of computation · See more »
Modified Harvard architecture
The modified Harvard architecture is a variation of the Harvard computer architecture that allows the contents of the instruction memory to be accessed as if it were data.
New!!: Turing machine and Modified Harvard architecture · See more »
Multi-track Turing machine
A Multitrack Turing machine is a specific type of Multi-tape Turing machine.
New!!: Turing machine and Multi-track Turing machine · See more »
Multitape Turing machine
A multi-tape Turing machine is like an ordinary Turing machine with several tapes.
New!!: Turing machine and Multitape Turing machine · See more »
Non-deterministic Turing machine
In theoretical computer science, a Turing machine is a theoretical machine that is used in thought experiments to examine the abilities and limitations of computers.
New!!: Turing machine and Non-deterministic Turing machine · See more »
Nondeterministic finite automaton
In automata theory, a finite state machine is called a deterministic finite automaton (DFA), if.
New!!: Turing machine and Nondeterministic finite automaton · See more »
In complexity theory and computability theory, an oracle machine is an abstract machine used to study decision problems.
New!!: Turing machine and Oracle machine · See more »
Out of memory
Out of memory (OOM) is an often undesired state of computer operation where no additional memory can be allocated for use by programs or the operating system.
New!!: Turing machine and Out of memory · See more »
Oxford University Press
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
New!!: Turing machine and Oxford University Press · See more »
In mathematics, a partial function from X to Y (written as or) is a function, for some subset X ′ of X.
New!!: Turing machine and Partial function · See more »
Pascal (programming language)
Pascal is an imperative and procedural programming language, which Niklaus Wirth designed in 1968–69 and published in 1970, as a small, efficient language intended to encourage good programming practices using structured programming and data structuring. It is named in honor of the French mathematician, philosopher and physicist Blaise Pascal. Pascal was developed on the pattern of the ALGOL 60 language. Wirth had already developed several improvements to this language as part of the ALGOL X proposals, but these were not accepted and Pascal was developed separately and released in 1970. A derivative known as Object Pascal designed for object-oriented programming was developed in 1985; this was used by Apple Computer and Borland in the late 1980s and later developed into Delphi on the Microsoft Windows platform. Extensions to the Pascal concepts led to the Pascal-like languages Modula-2 and Oberon.
New!!: Turing machine and Pascal (programming language) · See more »
Paul Strathern (born 1940) is a British writer and academic.
New!!: Turing machine and Paul Strathern · See more »
Percy Edwin Ludgate (2 August 1883 – 16 October 1922) was an accountant in Dublin and designer of an analytical engine.
New!!: Turing machine and Percy Ludgate · See more »
Peter van Emde Boas
Peter van Emde Boas (born 3 April 1945, Amsterdam) is a Dutch computer scientist and professor at the University of Amsterdam.
New!!: Turing machine and Peter van Emde Boas · See more »
Philbert Maurice d'Ocagne
Philbert Maurice d'Ocagne (25 March 1862 – 23 September 1938) was a French engineer and mathematician.
New!!: Turing machine and Philbert Maurice d'Ocagne · See more »
A Post–Turing machine is a "program formulation" of an especially simple type of Turing machine, comprising a variant of Emil Post's Turing-equivalent model of computation described below.
New!!: Turing machine and Post–Turing machine · See more »
In the theory of computation and automata theory, the powerset construction or subset construction is a standard method for converting a nondeterministic finite automaton (NFA) into a deterministic finite automaton (DFA) which recognizes the same formal language.
New!!: Turing machine and Powerset construction · See more »
Princeton University Press
Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.
New!!: Turing machine and Princeton University Press · See more »
Probabilistic Turing machine
In computability theory, a probabilistic Turing machine is a non-deterministic Turing machine which chooses between the available transitions at each point according to some probability distribution.
New!!: Turing machine and Probabilistic Turing machine · See more »
A programming language is a formal language that specifies a set of instructions that can be used to produce various kinds of output.
New!!: Turing machine and Programming language · See more »
In the theory of computation, a branch of theoretical computer science, a pushdown automaton (PDA) is a type of automaton that employs a stack.
New!!: Turing machine and Pushdown automaton · See more »
Quantum Turing machine
A quantum Turing machine (QTM), also a universal quantum computer, is an abstract machine used to model the effect of a quantum computer.
New!!: Turing machine and Quantum Turing machine · See more »
In computer science, random-access machine (RAM) is an abstract machine in the general class of register machines.
New!!: Turing machine and Random-access machine · See more »
Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.
New!!: Turing machine and Random-access memory · See more »
Random-access stored-program machine
In theoretical computer science the random-access stored-program (RASP) machine model is an abstract machine used for the purposes of algorithm development and algorithm complexity theory.
New!!: Turing machine and Random-access stored-program machine · See more »
Read-only right moving Turing machines
Read-only right moving Turing machines are a particular type of Turing machine.
New!!: Turing machine and Read-only right moving Turing machines · See more »
Recursively enumerable set
In computability theory, traditionally called recursion theory, a set S of natural numbers is called recursively enumerable, computably enumerable, semidecidable, provable or Turing-recognizable if.
New!!: Turing machine and Recursively enumerable set · See more »
In mathematical logic and theoretical computer science a register machine is a generic class of abstract machines used in a manner similar to a Turing machine.
New!!: Turing machine and Register machine · See more »
Richard E. Stearns
Richard Edwin Stearns (born July 5, 1936) is a prominent computer scientist who, with Juris Hartmanis, received the 1993 ACM Turing Award "in recognition of their seminal paper which established the foundations for the field of computational complexity theory" (Hartmanis and Stearns, 1965).
New!!: Turing machine and Richard E. Stearns · See more »
Robin Oliver Gandy (22 September 1919 – 20 November 1995) was a British mathematician and logician.
New!!: Turing machine and Robin Gandy · See more »
Sir Roger Penrose (born 8 August 1931) is an English mathematical physicist, mathematician and philosopher of science.
New!!: Turing machine and Roger Penrose · See more »
Simon & Schuster
Simon & Schuster, Inc., a subsidiary of CBS Corporation, is an American publishing company founded in New York City in 1924 by Richard Simon and Max Schuster.
New!!: Turing machine and Simon & Schuster · See more »
Stack (abstract data type)
In computer science, a stack is an abstract data type that serves as a collection of elements, with two principal operations.
New!!: Turing machine and Stack (abstract data type) · See more »
Stephen Cole Kleene
Stephen Cole Kleene (January 5, 1909 – January 25, 1994) was an American mathematician.
New!!: Turing machine and Stephen Cole Kleene · See more »
Stephen William Hawking (8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018) was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author, who was director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge at the time of his death.
New!!: Turing machine and Stephen Hawking · See more »
Stephen Wolfram (born August 29, 1959) is a British-American computer scientist, physicist, and businessman.
New!!: Turing machine and Stephen Wolfram · See more »
A stored-program computer is a computer that stores program instructions in electronic memory.
New!!: Turing machine and Stored-program computer · See more »
Taylor Lockwood Booth (September 22, 1933 – October 20, 1986) was a mathematician known for his work in automata theory.
New!!: Turing machine and Taylor Booth · See more »
The Emperor's New Mind
The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds and The Laws of Physics is a 1989 book by mathematical physicist Sir Roger Penrose.
New!!: Turing machine and The Emperor's New Mind · See more »
Theory of computation
In theoretical computer science and mathematics, the theory of computation is the branch that deals with how efficiently problems can be solved on a model of computation, using an algorithm.
New!!: Turing machine and Theory of computation · See more »
In theoretical computer science, a transition system is a concept used in the study of computation.
New!!: Turing machine and Transition system · See more »
In mathematics, a tuple is a finite ordered list (sequence) of elements.
New!!: Turing machine and Tuple · See more »
In computability theory, a system of data-manipulation rules (such as a computer's instruction set, a programming language, or a cellular automaton) is said to be Turing complete or computationally universal if it can be used to simulate any Turing machine.
New!!: Turing machine and Turing completeness · See more »
Turing machine examples
The following are examples to supplement the article Turing machine.
New!!: Turing machine and Turing machine examples · See more »
In theoretical network science, the Turing switch is a logical construction modeling the operation of the network switch, just as in theoretical computer science a Turing machine models the operation of a computer.
New!!: Turing machine and Turing switch · See more »
A Turing tarpit (or Turing tar-pit) is any programming language or computer interface that allows for flexibility in function but is difficult to learn and use because it offers little or no support for common tasks.
New!!: Turing machine and Turing tarpit · See more »
Turing's proof is a proof by Alan Turing, first published in January 1937 with the title "On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem." It was the second proof of the assertion (Alonzo Church's proof was first) that some decision problems are "undecidable": there is no single algorithm that infallibly gives a correct "yes" or "no" answer to each instance of the problem.
New!!: Turing machine and Turing's proof · See more »
In computer science, a turmite is a Turing machine which has an orientation as well as a current state and a "tape" that consists of an infinite two-dimensional grid of cells.
New!!: Turing machine and Turmite · See more »
In computer science, unbounded nondeterminism or unbounded indeterminacy is a property of concurrency by which the amount of delay in servicing a request can become unbounded as a result of arbitration of contention for shared resources while still guaranteeing that the request will eventually be serviced.
New!!: Turing machine and Unbounded nondeterminism · See more »
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
New!!: Turing machine and United Kingdom · See more »
Universal Turing machine
In computer science, a universal Turing machine (UTM) is a Turing machine that can simulate an arbitrary Turing machine on arbitrary input.
New!!: Turing machine and Universal Turing machine · See more »
An unorganized machine is a concept mentioned in a 1948 report in which Alan Turing suggested that the infant human cortex was what he called an "unorganised machine".
New!!: Turing machine and Unorganized machine · See more »
In formal language theory, an unrestricted grammar is a formal grammar on which no restrictions are made on the left and right sides of the grammar's productions.
New!!: Turing machine and Unrestricted grammar · See more »
Vannevar Bush (March 11, 1890 – June 28, 1974) was an American engineer, inventor and science administrator, who during World War II headed the U.S. Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD), through which almost all wartime military R&D was carried out, including initiation and early administration of the Manhattan Project.
New!!: Turing machine and Vannevar Bush · See more »
Von Neumann architecture
The von Neumann architecture, which is also known as the von Neumann model and Princeton architecture, is a computer architecture based on the 1945 description by the mathematician and physicist John von Neumann and others in the First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC.
New!!: Turing machine and Von Neumann architecture · See more »
Wiktionary is a multilingual, web-based project to create a free content dictionary of all words in all languages.
New!!: Turing machine and Wiktionary · See more »
Wolfram Demonstrations Project
The Wolfram Demonstrations Project is an organized, open-source collection of small (or medium-size) interactive programs called Demonstrations, which are meant to visually and interactively represent ideas from a range of fields.
New!!: Turing machine and Wolfram Demonstrations Project · See more »
World War II
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
New!!: Turing machine and World War II · See more »
Zohar Manna (born 1939) is a professor of computer science at Stanford University.
New!!: Turing machine and Zohar Manna · See more »
Deterministic Turing machine, K-string Turing machine with input and output, The Turing Machine, Turing Machine, Turing Machine simulator, Turing Machines, Turing machines, Turing table, Turing-computable function, Universal computation, Universal computer, Universal computing machine.