222 relations: Abdullah Gül, Accession of Turkey to the European Union, Adana Conference, Adnan Menderes, Aegean Sea, Aerial warfare, Afghanistan, Airborne forces, Airspace, Al-Qaeda, Allies of World War I, Allies of World War II, Amphibious warfare, Anatolia, Ankara, Annan Plan for Cyprus, Army War College (Turkey), Artillery, ASELSAN, Assault rifle, Aviano, Axis powers, Çankaya, Ankara (district), İsmet İnönü, İzmir, B61 nuclear bomb, Bakanlıklar, Balkans, Baltic Air Policing, Barack Obama, Bashiqa, Battle of France, Battle of Kütahya–Eskişehir, Battle of Kursk, Battle of Sakarya, Bülent Ecevit, BBC News, Belgorod, Beylerbeyi, Birindji ferik, Black Sea, Black Sea Naval Force, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Cato Institute, Caucasus, Central Intelligence Agency, China Precision Machinery Import-Export Corporation, Coast Guard Command (Turkey), Commander-in-chief, ..., Conscription in Turkey, Council of the European Union, Counter-terrorism, Coup d'état, Cypriot Annan Plan referendums, 2004, Cypriot National Guard, Cyprus, Cyprus crisis (1955–64), Cyprus dispute, Daily Sabah, Dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, Eastern Front (World War II), Empire of Japan, Enosis, EOKA B, Ergenekon (allegation), EU Battlegroup, Eurocorps, European Commission, European Council, European Union, Fevzi Çakmak, Fighter aircraft, FNSS Defence Systems, Foça, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Gölcük Naval Shipyard, GİRSAN, Gendarmerie General Command, Gendarmerie Special Operations, General officer, General Staff of the Republic of Turkey, Germany and weapons of mass destruction, Ghedi, Government of the Grand National Assembly, Grand National Assembly of Turkey, Greece, Greek Cypriots, HAVELSAN, Hürriyet Daily News, Hüseyin Hüsnü Emir Erkilet, Helicopter, Hierarchy, Hulusi Akar, Ideology, Incirlik Air Base, International Institute for Strategic Studies, International Security Assistance Force, Iraq, Irregular military, Islamism, Istanbul, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul University, Kâzım Karabekir, Kemalism, Korean War, Kosovo, Kosovo Force, Kurdistan Workers' Party, Kuva-yi Milliye, Law enforcement agency, Law enforcement in Turkey, List of Chiefs of the Turkish General Staff, List of countries by military expenditures, List of designated terrorist groups, Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II, Maidan Wardak Province, Main battle tank, Makarios III, Marmara Region, Mechanical and Chemical Industry Corporation, Military, Military branch, Military equipment of Turkey, Military history of the Republic of Turkey, Military of the Ottoman Empire, Military ranks of Turkey, Milliyet, Minister (government), Ministry of National Defence (Turkey), Ministry of the Interior (Turkey), Mirliva, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, National Security Council (Turkey), NATO, NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, Naval warfare, Nazi Germany, Necmettin Erbakan, Netherlands and weapons of mass destruction, Nişantaşı, Northern Cyprus, NTV (Turkey), Nuclear sharing, Nurettin Canikli, Occupation of Constantinople, Operation Deliberate Force, Otokar, Ottoman Aviation Squadrons, Ottoman Empire, Ottoman Military College, Ottoman Turkish language, President of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Riot control, ROKETSAN, Romania, Routledge, Rumelia, Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey, Second Cairo Conference, Second Constitutional Era, Secularism, Secularism in Turkey, Sledgehammer (coup plan), South Korea, Special Forces Command (Turkey), Standing army, Submarine, Taliban, Tank, TİSAŞ, The Washington Post, Thrace, Timeline of the Turkic peoples (500–1300), Train Advise Assist Command – Capital, Transvaro, Treaty of Guarantee (1960), Turkey, Turkish Aerospace Industries, Turkish Air Force, Turkish Armed Forces Medal of Distinguished Courage and Self-Sacrifice, Turkish Armed Forces Medal of Distinguished Service, Turkish Armed Forces Medal of Honor, Turkish Brigade, Turkish Cypriots, Turkish Federated State of Cyprus, Turkish invasion of Cyprus, Turkish Land Forces, Turkish military forces in Northern Cyprus, Turkish National Movement, Turkish Naval Forces, Turkish War Academies, Turkish War of Independence, Ukraine, Ultranationalism, Underwater Defence (Turkish Armed Forces), Underwater Offence (Turkish Armed Forces), United States Armed Forces, United States Army War College, United States diplomatic cables leak, Urban warfare, Village guard system, Warship, Welfare Party, Winston Churchill, World War I, World War II, Xinhua News Agency, XV Corps (Ottoman Empire), Yalta Conference, Yıldız Palace, 1960 Turkish coup d'état, 1971 Turkish military memorandum, 1974 Cypriot coup d'état, 1980 Turkish coup d'état, 1997 Turkish military memorandum, 1999 İzmit earthquake, 2003 Istanbul bombings, 2016 Turkish coup d'état attempt, 503rd Heavy Panzer Battalion. Expand index (172 more) » « Shrink index
Abdullah Gül (born 29 October 1950) is a Turkish politician who served as the 11th President of Turkey, in office from 2007 to 2014.
Turkey's application to accede to the European Economic Community, the predecessor of the European Union (EU), was made on 14 April 1987.
The Adana ConferenceSelim Deringil, Turkish Foreign Policy During the Second World War: An 'Active' Neutrality, Cambridge University Press, 2004,, or Yenice Conference (Turkish: Adana Görüşmesi, Adana Mülakatı Sonraları bu görüşme Adana Mülakatı diye anılır oldu. Fakat hakikatte iki devlet adamının telâkisi Adana'da değil, Yenice istasyonunda ve vagon içinde olmuştu. Yenice, Tarsus'a bağlı küçük bir Nüseyri köyüdür ve Adanaya yirmi üç kilometre mesafededir. Konya istikametinden gelen trenler burada, Adana ve Mersin cihetine gitmek üzere, ikiye ayrılır. İstasyon, yüksek okaliptus ağaçlarının gölgelendirdiği şirin bir yerdir..., Hilmi Uran, Hâtıralarım, Ayyıldız Matbaası, 1959, or Yenice Görüşmesi, Yenice Mülakatı) was a meeting between Turkish President İsmet İnönü and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in a railway car parking on a storage track at Yenice, near Adana on 30–31 January 1943,30–31 Ocak 1943'te Adana'da, Yenice istasyonu'nda duran Cumhurbaşkanlığı özel treni içinde, Cumhurbaşkanı İnönü'nün başkanhgindaki Türk Heyeti ile Churchill ve yanındaki generallerle diplomatlardan oluşan İngiliz heyeti görüştüler., Erdal İnönü, Anılar ve Düşünceler, İdea, 1998, where Churchill tried to persuade İnönü to join the Allied powers and fight the Axis powers during World War II.Although the meeting was held in Yenice, a train station between Adana and Mersin, it is sometimes known as the Adana Meeting or Adana Conference because the nearest airport to the Yenice was in Adana, a city east of Yenice.
Adnan Menderes (1899 – 17 September 1961) or Ali Adnan Ertekin Menderes was the Turkish Prime Minister between 1950–1960.
The Aegean Sea (Αιγαίο Πέλαγος; Ege Denizi) is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea located between the Greek and Anatolian peninsulas, i.e., between the mainlands of Greece and Turkey.
Aerial warfare is the battlespace use of military aircraft and other flying machines in warfare.
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
Airborne Military parachuting or gliding form of inserting personnel or supplies.
Airspace is the portion of the atmosphere controlled by a country above its territory, including its territorial waters or, more generally, any specific three-dimensional portion of the atmosphere.
Al-Qaeda (القاعدة,, translation: "The Base", "The Foundation" or "The Fundament" and alternatively spelled al-Qaida, al-Qæda and sometimes al-Qa'ida) is a militant Sunni Islamist multi-national organization founded in 1988.
The Allies of World War I, or Entente Powers, were the countries that opposed the Central Powers in the First World War.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that today uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.
Anatolia (Modern Greek: Ανατολία Anatolía, from Ἀνατολή Anatolḗ,; "east" or "rise"), also known as Asia Minor (Medieval and Modern Greek: Μικρά Ἀσία Mikrá Asía, "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, the Anatolian peninsula, or the Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.
Ankara (English; Turkish Ottoman Turkish Engürü), formerly known as Ancyra (Ἄγκυρα, Ankyra, "anchor") and Angora, is the capital of the Republic of Turkey.
The Annan Plan was a United Nations proposal to resolve the Cyprus dispute, also known as the Cyprus reunification plan.
The Army War College (Kara Harp Akademisi), is an academic institution of the Turkish Armed Forces.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
ASELSAN A.Ş., (ASELSAN, acronym: Askeri Elektronik Sanayi, Military Electronic Industries) is a Turkish corporation that produces tactical military radios and defense electronic systems for the Turkish Armed Forces.
An assault rifle is a selective-fire rifle that uses an intermediate cartridge and a detachable magazine.
Aviano (Davian; Pleif) is an Italian village, comune, of 9,270 inhabitants in the province of Pordenone at the foot of the Dolomites mountain range in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, northern Italy.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
Çankaya is a district of Ankara, Turkey.
Mustafa İsmet İnönü (24 September 1884 – 25 December 1973) was a Turkish general and statesman, who served as the second President of Turkey from 10 November 1938 to 27 May 1950, when his Republican People's Party was defeated in Turkey's second free elections.
İzmir is a metropolitan city in the western extremity of Anatolia and the third most populous city in Turkey, after Istanbul and Ankara.
The B61 nuclear bomb is the primary thermonuclear gravity bomb in the United States Enduring Stockpile following the end of the Cold War.
Bakanlıklar (Ministries), General Staff of the Republic of Turkey in Ankara in the west, the Parliament in the south, Atatürk Boulevard in the east, the north is the name given to a limited area Güvenpark.
The Balkans, or the Balkan Peninsula, is a geographic area in southeastern Europe with various and disputed definitions.
The Baltic air-policing mission is a NATO air defence Quick Reaction Alert (QRA) in order to guard the airspace over the three Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2017.
Bashiqa (بعشيقة, Ba'shiqah, ܒܝܬ ܥܫܝܩܐ), is a town located in the Al-Hamdaniya District of the Ninawa Governorate in northern Iraq.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
The Battle of Kütahya–Eskişehir (Μάχες Κιουτάχειας-Εσκί Σεχίρ (Δορυλαίου), Kütahya-Eskişehir Muharebeleri), was fought between July 10 and July 24 (or June 27 and July 10 in the old calendar, then in use in Greece), 1921 when the Greek Army of Asia Minor defeated the Turkish troops commanded by İsmet Pasha in defence of the line of Kara Hisâr-ı Sahib (present day Afyonkarahisar)-Kütahya-Eskişehir.
The Battle of Kursk was a Second World War engagement between German and Soviet forces on the Eastern Front near Kursk (south-west of Moscow) in the Soviet Union, during July and August 1943.
The Battle of Sakarya (Sakarya Meydan Muharebesi), also known as the Battle of the Sangarios (Μάχη του Σαγγάριου), was an important engagement in the Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922), the western front of the Turkish War of Independence.
Mustafa Bülent Ecevit (28 May 1925 – 5 November 2006) was a Turkish politician, poet, writer, scholar, and journalist, who served as the Prime Minister of Turkey four times between 1974 and 2002.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Belgorod (p) is a city and the administrative center of Belgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the Seversky Donets River north of the border with Ukraine.
Beylerbeyi is a neighborhood in the Üsküdar municipality of Istanbul, Turkey.
Birinci Ferik or Ferik-i evvel (corresponding to the earlier Ottoman rank of Serdar) was a military rank of the Ottoman Army.
The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.
The Black Sea Naval Force (also known as blackseafor or the Black Sea Naval Cooperation Task Group) is a Black Sea naval cooperation program established in 2001 on the initiative of Turkey with the participation of Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Russia and Georgia.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (or; abbreviated B&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH)), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
The Cato Institute is an American libertarian think tank headquartered in Washington, D.C. It was founded as the Charles Koch Foundation in 1974 by Ed Crane, Murray Rothbard, and Charles Koch, chairman of the board and chief executive officer of the conglomerate Koch Industries.
The Caucasus or Caucasia is a region located at the border of Europe and Asia, situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and occupied by Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
China Precision Machinery Import-Export Corporation (CPMIEC) is a Chinese defense company that acts as one of a number of authorized defense trading companies.
The Coast Guard Command (Sahil Güvenlik Komutanlığı) is the coast guard service branch of the Turkish Armed Forces.
A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.
In Turkey, compulsory military service applies to all male citizens from twenty to forty-one years of age.
The Council of the European Union, referred to in the treaties and other official documents simply as the Council is the third of the seven Institutions of the European Union (EU) as listed in the Treaty on European Union.
Counter-terrorism (also spelled counterterrorism) incorporates the practice, military tactics, techniques, and strategy that government, military, law enforcement, business, and intelligence agencies use to combat or prevent terrorism.
A coup d'état, also known simply as a coup, a putsch, golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.
A referendum on the Annan Plan was held in the Republic of Cyprus and the breakaway Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus on 24 April 2004.
The Cypriot National Guard (Εθνική Φρουρά, Ethnikí Frourá; Milli Muhafız Ordusu), also known as the Greek Cypriot National Guard or simply National Guard, is the combined arms military force of the Republic of Cyprus.
Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean.
There was a period of political and violent conflict in Cyprus, also known as the Cyprus crisis and EOKA period, between the Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots, between 1955 and 1964.
The Cyprus dispute, also known as the Cyprus conflict, Cyprus issue or Cyprus problem, is the ongoing issue of Turkish military invasion and occupation of the northern third of the island since 1974.
Daily Sabah (lit. "Daily Morning") is a Turkish pro-government daily published in Turkey.
The period of the defeat and end of the Ottoman Empire (1908–1922) began with the Second Constitutional Era with the Young Turk Revolution.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
Enosis (Ένωσις,, "union") is the movement of various Greek communities that live outside Greece, for incorporation of the regions they inhabit into the Greek state.
EOKA-B was a Greek Cypriot paramilitary organisation formed in 1971 by General Georgios Grivas ("Digenis").
Ergenekon was the name given to an alleged clandestine, secularist ultra-nationalist organization in Turkey with possible ties to members of the country's military and security forces.
An EU Battlegroup (EU BG) is a military unit adhering to the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) of the European Union (EU).
The European Corps (Eurocorps) is an intergovernmental military corps of approximately 1,000 soldiers stationed in Strasbourg, Alsace, France.
The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.
The European Council, charged with defining the European Union's (EU) overall political direction and priorities, is the institution of the EU that comprises the heads of state or government of the member states, along with the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Mustafa Fevzi Çakmak (12 January, 1876 – 10 April 1950) was a Turkish field marshal (Mareşal) and politician.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
FNSS Savunma Sistemleri A.Ş. is a Turkish joint venture company owned 51% by Nurol Holding of Turkey and 49% by BAE Systems Inc. with facilities located in Gölbaşı, Ankara, Turkey.
Foça is a town and district in Turkey's İzmir Province, on the Aegean coast.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
Gölcük Naval Shipyard (Gölcük Donanma Tersanesi) is a naval shipyard of the Turkish Navy within the Gölcük Naval Base on the east coast of the Sea of Marmara in Gölcük, Kocaeli.
GİRSAN is a Turkish firearm manufacturing company, mainly focused on manufacturing pistols.
The Gendarmerie General Command (Jandarma Genel Komutanlığı) is a service branch of the Turkish Armed Forces responsible for the maintenance of the public order in areas that fall outside the jurisdiction of police forces (generally in rural areas), as well as assuring internal security and general border control along with carrying out other specific duties assigned to it by certain laws and regulations.
The Gendarmerie Special Operations (Jandarma Özel Harekat) or JÖH, is the special operations unit of the Turkish Jandarma (Gendarmerie).
A general officer is an officer of high rank in the army, and in some nations' air forces or marines.
The General Staff of the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Genelkurmay Başkanlığı, abbreviation: T.C. Gnkur. Bşk.lığı) presides over the Armed Forces of the Republic of Turkey, comprising the Land Forces, Navy, Air Force and Special Forces.
Although Germany is one of the most technologically advanced countries in the world, since World War II it has generally refrained from using this technology to outfit its own armed forces with weapons of mass destruction (WMD), although it participates in the NATO nuclear weapons sharing arrangements and trains for delivering nuclear weapons.
Ghedi is a town and comune in the province of Brescia, in Lombardy, Italy.
The Government of the Grand National Assembly (Büyük Millet Meclisi Hükûmeti), commonly known as the Ankara Government (Ankara Hükûmeti), was the name given to the provisional and revolutionary Turkish government based in Ankara during the Turkish War of Independence (1919–1923) and during the final years of the Ottoman Empire.
The Grand National Assembly of Turkey (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi), usually referred to simply as the TBMM or Parliament (Meclis or Parlamento), is the unicameral Turkish legislature.
Greek Cypriots (Ελληνοκύπριοι, Kıbrıs Rumları or Kıbrıs Yunanları) are the ethnic Greek population of Cyprus, forming the island's largest ethnolinguistic community.
HAVELSAN is a Turkish software and systems company having business presence in the defence and IT sectors.
The Hürriyet Daily News, formerly Hürriyet Daily News and Economic Review and Turkish Daily News, is the oldest current English-language daily in Turkey, founded in 1961.
Hüseyin Hüsnü Emir Erkilet (1883; Constantinople (Istanbul) - 1958; Ankara) was an officer of the Ottoman Army and the general of the Turkish Army.
A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.
A hierarchy (from the Greek hierarchia, "rule of a high priest", from hierarkhes, "leader of sacred rites") is an arrangement of items (objects, names, values, categories, etc.) in which the items are represented as being "above", "below", or "at the same level as" one another A hierarchy can link entities either directly or indirectly, and either vertically or diagonally.
Hulusi Akar (born 17 January 1952) is a four-star Turkish Armed Forces general.
An Ideology is a collection of normative beliefs and values that an individual or group holds for other than purely epistemic reasons.
Incirlik Air Base (İncirlik Hava Üssü) is a Turkish air base of slightly more than 3320 ac (1335 ha), located in the İncirlik quarter of the city of Adana, Turkey.
The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) is a British research institute (or think tank) in the area of international affairs.
The International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) was a NATO-led security mission in Afghanistan, established by the United Nations Security Council in December 2001 by Resolution 1386, as envisaged by the Bonn Agreement.
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
Irregular military is any non-standard military component that is distinct from a country's national armed forces.
Islamism is a concept whose meaning has been debated in both public and academic contexts.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
Istanbul Technical University (Turkish İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, commonly referred to as ITU or Technical University) is an international technical university located in Istanbul, Turkey.
Istanbul University (İstanbul Üniversitesi) is a prominent Turkish university located in Istanbul.
Musa Kâzım Karabekir (also spelled Kiazim Karabekir in English; 23 July 1882 – 26 January 1948) was a Turkish general and politician.
Kemalism (Kemalizm), also known as Atatürkism (Atatürkçülük, Atatürkçü düşünce), or the '''Six Arrows''' (Altı ok), is the founding ideology of the Republic of Turkey.
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).
Kosovo (Kosova or Kosovë; Косово) is a partially recognised state and disputed territory in Southeastern Europe that declared independence from Serbia in February 2008 as the Republic of Kosovo (Republika e Kosovës; Република Косово / Republika Kosovo).
The Kosovo Force (KFOR) is a NATO-led international peacekeeping force which was responsible for establishing a secure environment in Kosovo.
The Kurdistan Workers' Party or PKK (Partiya Karkerên Kurdistanê) is an organization based in Turkey and Iraq.
Kuva-yi Milliye (Ottoman Turkish: قواي ملّيه, Kuvâ-yi Milliye meaning either National Forces or Nationalist Forces in Ottoman Turkish) refers to the irregular Turkish militia forces in the early period of the Turkish War of Independence.
A law enforcement agency (LEA), in North American English, is a government agency responsible for the enforcement of the laws.
Law enforcement in Turkey is carried out by several departments and agencies, all acting under the command of the Prime Minister of Turkey or mostly the Minister of Internal Affairs.
This list includes Chiefs of the General Staff of the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Genelkurmay Başkanı), who were, in their time of service, nominal heads of the Turkish Armed Forces (Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri).
This article is a list of countries by military expenditure in a given year.
This is a list of designated terrorist groups by national governments, former governments, and inter-governmental organizations, where the proscription has a significant effect on the group's activities.
The Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II is a family of single-seat, single-engine, all-weather stealth multirole fighters.
Maidan Wardak Province (د ميدان وردگ ولايت, ولایت میدان وردک), also called Maidan Wardag or simply Wardak Province, is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the central east region of Afghanistan.
A main battle tank (MBT), also known as a battle tank or universal tank, is a tank that fills the armor-protected direct fire and maneuver role of many modern armies.
Makarios III (Μακάριος Γ΄; III.; 13 August 1913 – 3 August 1977) was a Greek Cypriot clergyman and politician, who served as the Archbishop and Primate of the autocephalous Church of Cyprus (1950–1977) and as the first President of Cyprus (1960–1977).
The Marmara Region (Turkish: Marmara Bölgesi) is a geographical region of Turkey.
The Mechanical and Chemical Industry Corporation (Makina ve Kimya Endüstrisi Kurumu or MKEK or Makina ve Kimya Endüstrisi or MKE for short), established in 1950, is a reorganization of government-controlled group of factories in Turkey that supplied the Turkish Armed Forces with military products.
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
Military branch (also service branch or armed service) is according to common standard the subdivision of the national armed forces of a sovereign nation or state.
Military equipment of Turkey.
This military history of the Republic of Turkey is the history of the armed forces established under the Republic of Turkey, beginning with the Turkish War of Independence.
The history of the military of the Ottoman Empire can be divided in five main periods.
The Military ranks of Turkey are the military insignia used by the Turkish Armed Forces.
Milliyet (Turkish for "nationality") is a major Turkish daily newspaper published in Istanbul, Turkey.
A minister is a politician who heads a government department, making and implementing decisions on policies in conjunction with the other ministers.
The Ministry of National Defence (Millî Savunma Bakanlığı) is a government ministry office of the Republic of Turkey, responsible for coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the Turkish Armed Forces.
The Ministry of the Interior (İçişleri Bakanlığı) is a government ministry office of the Republic of Turkey, responsible for interior security affairs in Turkey.
Mirliva or Mîr-i livâ was a military rank of the Ottoman Army and Navy.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (19 May 1881 (conventional) – 10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer, revolutionary, and founder of the Republic of Turkey, serving as its first President from 1923 until his death in 1938.
The National Security Council (Milli Güvenlik Kurulu, MGK) comprises the Chief of Staff, select members of the Council of Ministers, and the President of the Republic (who is also the Commander-in-chief).
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
The NATO bombing of Yugoslavia was the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation's (NATO) military operation against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) during the Kosovo War.
Naval warfare is combat in and on the sea, the ocean, or any other battlespace involving major body of water such as a large lake or wide river.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Necmettin Erbakan (29 October 1926 – 27 February 2011) was a Turkish politician, engineer, and academic who was the Prime Minister of Turkey from 1996 to 1997.
Although the Netherlands does not have weapons of mass destruction made by itself, the country participates in the NATO nuclear weapons sharing arrangements and trains for delivering United States nuclear weapons.
Nişantaşı is a quarter of the Şişli district on the European side of Istanbul, Turkey.
Northern Cyprus (Kuzey Kıbrıs), officially the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC; Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti), is a partially recognised state that comprises the northeastern portion of the island of Cyprus.
NTV is a Turkish nationwide television news channel.
Nuclear sharing is a concept in NATO's policy of nuclear deterrence, which involves member countries without nuclear weapons of their own in the planning for the use of nuclear weapons by NATO.
Nurettin Canikli (born May 15, 1960 in Alucra, Giresun Province) is a Turkish politician, the current Minister of National Defence of Turkey and a Member of Parliament for Giresun under the ruling Justice and Development Party.
The Occupation of Constantinople (İstanbul'un İşgali) (November 13, 1918 – September 23, 1923), the capital of the Ottoman Empire, by British, French and Italian forces, took place in accordance with the Armistice of Mudros, which ended Ottoman participation in the First World War.
Operation Deliberate Force was a sustained air campaign conducted by the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), in concert with the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) ground operations, to undermine the military capability of the Bosnian Serb Army (VRS), which had threatened and attacked UN-designated "safe areas" in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Bosnian War with the Srebrenica and Markale massacres, precipitating the intervention.
Otokar Otomotiv ve Savunma Sanayi A.Ş., also known simply as Otokar, is a Turkish buses and military vehicles manufacturer headquartered in Sakarya, Turkey and a subsidiary of Koç Holding.
The Aviation Squadrons of the Ottoman Empire were military aviation units of the Ottoman Army and Navy.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
The Ottoman Military College or Imperial Military Staff College or Ottoman Army War College (script or Erkân-ı Harbiye Mektebi), was a two-year military staff college of the Ottoman Empire.
Ottoman Turkish (Osmanlı Türkçesi), or the Ottoman language (Ottoman Turkish:, lisân-ı Osmânî, also known as, Türkçe or, Türkî, "Turkish"; Osmanlıca), is the variety of the Turkish language that was used in the Ottoman Empire.
The President of the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Cumhurbaşkanı) is the head of state of the Republic of Turkey.
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (born 26 February 1954) is a Turkish politician serving as President of Turkey since 2014.
Riot control refers to the measures used by police, military, or other security forces to control, disperse, and arrest people who are involved in a riot, demonstration, or protest.
Roketsan is a major Turkish weapons manufacturer and defense contractor based in the central Anatolian province of Ankara.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
Rumelia (روم ايلى, Rūm-ėli; Rumeli), also known as Turkey in Europe, was a historical term describing the area in southeastern Europe that was administered by the Ottoman Empire, mainly the Balkan Peninsula.
The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştırma Kurumu, TÜBİTAK) is a national agency of Turkey whose stated goal is to develop "science, technology and innovation" (STI) policies, support and conduct research and development, and to "play a leading role in the creation of a science and technology culture" in the country.
The Second Cairo Conference of December 4–6, 1943, held in Cairo, Egypt, addressed Turkey's possible contribution to the Allies in World War II.
The Second Constitutional Era (ايکنجى مشروطيت دورى; İkinci Meşrûtiyyet Devri) of the Ottoman Empire established shortly after the 1908 Young Turk Revolution which forced Sultan Abdul Hamid II to restore the constitutional monarchy by the revival of the Ottoman Parliament, the General Assembly of the Ottoman Empire and the restoration of the constitution of 1876.
Secularism is the principle of the separation of government institutions and persons mandated to represent the state from religious institution and religious dignitaries (the attainment of such is termed secularity).
Secularism in Turkey defines the relationship between religion and state in the country of Turkey.
Operation Sledgehammer (Turkish Balyoz Harekâtı) is the name of an alleged Turkish secularist military coup plan dating back to 2003, Article of Prof.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
The Special Forces Command (Özel Kuvvetler Komutanlığı), nicknamed Maroon Berets (Bordo Bereliler) because of their distinctive service headgear, are a special operations unit of the Turkish Armed Forces made up of volunteers rigorously selected from all branches of the Armed Forces after graduating from a roughly 3.5-year training cycle.
A standing army, unlike a reserve army, is a permanent, often professional, army.
A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.
The Taliban (طالبان "students"), alternatively spelled Taleban, which refers to itself as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (IEA), is a Sunni Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan currently waging war (an insurgency, or jihad) within that country.
A tank is an armoured fighting vehicle designed for front-line combat, with heavy firepower, strong armour, tracks and a powerful engine providing good battlefield maneuverability.
TİSAŞ (Trabzon Silah Sanayi AŞ) is a Turkish firearm manufacturing company, mainly focused on manufacturing pistols.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
Thrace (Modern Θράκη, Thráki; Тракия, Trakiya; Trakya) is a geographical and historical area in southeast Europe, now split between Bulgaria, Greece and Turkey, which is bounded by the Balkan Mountains to the north, the Aegean Sea to the south and the Black Sea to the east.
Below is the identified timeline of the History of the Turkic peoples between 6th and 14th centuries.
Train Advise Assist Command – Capital (TAAC – Capital) is a multinational military formation, part of NATO's Resolute Support Mission within Afghanistan.
Transvaro (Transvaro Elektron Aletleri Sanayi ve Ticaret A.S.: "Transvaro Electron Tools Ind. and Trade Inc.") was founded as joint venture company in 1988.
The Treaty of Guarantee is a treaty between the Republic of Cyprus, Greece, Turkey and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland promulgated in 1960.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Türk Havacılık ve Uzay Sanayii A.Ş. (TUSAŞ) is the center of technology in design, development, manufacturing, integration of aerospace systems, modernization and after sales support in Turkey.
The Turkish Air Force (Türk Hava Kuvvetleri) is the aerial warfare service branch of the Turkish Armed Forces.
Turkish Armed Forces Medal of Distinguished Courage and Self-Sacrifice (Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri Üstün Cesaret ve Feragat Madalyası) is one of the highest medals that can be bestowed upon an individual by the Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) and was first created on July 3, 1975.
Turkish Armed Forces Medal of Distinguished Service (Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri Üstün Hizmet Madalyası) was first created on July 27, 1967 and took its current form on July 29, 1983.
Turkish Armed Forces Medal of Honor (Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri Şeref Madalyası) is the highest medal that can be bestowed upon an individual by the Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) and was first created on July 27, 1967.
The Turkish Brigade (code name North Star, Şimal Yıldızı or Kutup Yıldızı) was a Turkish Army Infantry Brigade that served with the United Nations Command during the Korean War between 1950 and 1953.
Turkish Cypriots or Cypriot Turks (Kıbrıs Türkleri or Kıbrıslı Türkler; Τουρκοκύπριοι) are mostly ethnic Turks originating from Cyprus.
The Turkish Federated State of Cyprus (Kıbrıs Türk Federe Devleti) was the name of a state on the region of Northern Cyprus declared in 1975 and existing until 1983, that was not recognized by the international community.
The Turkish invasion of Cyprus (lit and Τουρκική εισβολή στην Κύπρο), code-named by Turkey as Operation Attila, (Atilla Harekâtı) was a Turkish military invasion of the island country of Cyprus.
The Turkish Land Forces (Türk Kara Kuvvetleri), or Turkish Army (Türk Ordusu), is the main branch of the Turkish Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations.
The Turkish military forces in Northern Cyprus (Kıbrıs'taki Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri), officially Cyprus Turkish Peace Force Command (Kıbrıs Türk Barış Kuvvetleri Komutanlığı) is the Turkish garrison on Cyprus.
The Turkish National Movement (Türk Ulusal Hareketi) encompasses the political and military activities of the Turkish revolutionaries that resulted in the creation and shaping of the modern Republic of Turkey, as a consequence of the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I and the subsequent occupation of Constantinople and partitioning of the Ottoman Empire by the Allies under the terms of the Armistice of Mudros.
The Turkish Naval Forces (Türk Deniz Kuvvetleri), or Turkish Navy (Türk Donanması) is the naval warfare service branch of the Turkish Armed Forces.
Turkish War Academies is the educational branch of the Turkish Armed Forces.
The Turkish War of Independence (Kurtuluş Savaşı "War of Liberation", also known figuratively as İstiklâl Harbi "Independence War" or Millî Mücadele "National Campaign"; 19 May 1919 – 24 July 1923) was fought between the Turkish National Movement and the proxies of the Allies – namely Greece on the Western front, Armenia on the Eastern, France on the Southern and with them, the United Kingdom and Italy in Constantinople (now Istanbul) – after parts of the Ottoman Empire were occupied and partitioned following the Ottomans' defeat in World War I. Few of the occupying British, French, and Italian troops had been deployed or engaged in combat.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
Ultranationalism is an "extreme nationalism that promotes the interest of one state or people above all others", or simply "extreme devotion to one's own nation".
The Underwater Defence (Sualtı Savunma), or SAS, is one of two special operations units of the Turkish Navy, based in the Foça Naval Base near İzmir, on the Aegean coast of Turkey.
The Underwater Offence (Su Altı Taarruz), or SAT, is the special operation unit of the Turkish Navy, based in the Foça Naval Base near İzmir, on the Aegean coast of Turkey and Istanbul.
The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America.
The United States Army War College (USAWC) is a U.S. Army educational institution in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, on the 500-acre (2 km²) campus of the historic Carlisle Barracks.
The United States diplomatic cables leak, widely known as Cablegate, began on Sunday, 28 November 2010 when WikiLeaks—a non-profit organization that publishes submissions from anonymous whistleblowers—began releasing classified cables that had been sent to the U.S. State Department by 274 of its consulates, embassies, and diplomatic missions around the world.
Urban warfare is combat conducted in urban areas such as towns and cities.
Village guards (Korucular), officially known as Geçici ve Gönüllü Köy Korucuları ("Temporary and Voluntary Village Guards") are paramilitaries recruited mostly from ethnic Kurds but also from ethnic Circassians, Turks, Uzbeks and Kyrgyz as well.
A warship is a naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare.
The Welfare Party (Refah Partisi, RP) was an Islamist political party in Turkey.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Xinhua News Agency (English pronunciation: J. C. Wells: Longman Pronunciation Dictionary, 3rd ed., for both British and American English) or New China News Agency is the official state-run press agency of the People's Republic of China.
The XV Corps of the Ottoman Empire (Turkish: 15 nci Kolordu or On Beşinci Kolordu) was one of the corps of the Ottoman Army.
The Yalta Conference, also known as the Crimea Conference and code named the Argonaut Conference, held from 4 to 11 February 1945, was the World War II meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union for the purpose of discussing Germany and Europe's postwar reorganization.
Yıldız Palace (Yıldız Sarayı) is a vast complex of former imperial Ottoman pavilions and villas in Istanbul, Turkey, built in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
The 1960 Turkish coup d'état (27 Mayıs Darbesi) was the first coup d'état in the Republic of Turkey.
The 1971 Turkish military memorandum (12 Mart Muhtırası), issued on 12 March that year, was the second military intervention to take place in the Republic of Turkey, coming 11 years after its 1960 predecessor.
The 1974 coup d'état in Cyprus was a military coup d'état by the Greek army in Cyprus, the Cypriot National Guard and the Greek military junta of 1967–1974.
The 12 September 1980 Turkish coup d'état (12 Eylül Darbesi), headed by Chief of the General Staff General Kenan Evren, was the third coup d'état in the history of the Republic, the previous having been the 1960 coup and the 1971 "Coup by Memorandum".
The 1997 military memorandum (28 Şubat, "28 February"; also called Post-modern darbe, "Post-modern coup") in Turkey refers to the decisions issued by the Turkish military leadership on a National Security Council meeting on 28 February 1997.
The 1999 İzmit earthquake (also known as the Kocaeli, Gölcük, or Marmara earthquake) occurred on 17 August at 03:01:40 local time in northwestern Turkey.
The 2003 Istanbul bombings were four truck bomb attacks carried out on November 15, 2003 and November 20, 2003, in Istanbul, Turkey, leaving 57 people dead, and 700 wounded.
On 15 July 2016, a coup d'état was attempted in Turkey against state institutions, including the government and President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.
The 503rd Heavy Panzer Battalion (schwere Panzerabteilung 503; abbreviated: "s.Pz.Abt. 503") was a Nazi German heavy Panzer Abteilung (independent battalion-sized unit) equipped with Tiger I and Panzer III tanks.