43 relations: Bell Labs, Berkeley Software Distribution, Catamount (operating system), CERN, ChorusOS, Compatibility layer, Compute Node Linux, Computer cluster, Cougaar, Cray, Cray C90, Cray Operating System, Cray T3D, Cray T3E, Cray X-MP, Cray X1, Cray XT3, Cray XT4, Cray XT5, Cray Y-MP, Cray-1, Cray-2, Dennis Ritchie, Distributed operating system, Fermilab, Fortran, IRIX, Linux distribution, Linux kernel, Mach (kernel), Microkernel, Operating system, Pascal (programming language), Research Unix, Rocks Cluster Distribution, Scientific Linux, STREAMS, Supercomputer, SUSE Linux, SUSE Linux Enterprise, Unix, UNIX System V, Unix-like.
Nokia Bell Labs (formerly named AT&T Bell Laboratories, Bell Telephone Laboratories and Bell Labs) is an American research and scientific development company, owned by Finnish company Nokia.
Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) was a Unix operating system derivative developed and distributed by the Computer Systems Research Group (CSRG) of the University of California, Berkeley, from 1977 to 1995.
Catamount is an operating system for supercomputers.
The European Organization for Nuclear Research (Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire), known as CERN (derived from the name Conseil européen pour la recherche nucléaire), is a European research organization that operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world.
ChorusOS is a microkernel real-time operating system designed as a message-based computational model.
In software engineering, a compatibility layer is an interface that allows binaries for a legacy or foreign system to run on a host system.
Compute Node Linux (CNL) is a runtime environment based on the Linux kernel for the Cray XT3, Cray XT4, Cray XT5, Cray XT6, Cray XE6 and Cray XK6 supercomputer systems based on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server.
A computer cluster is a set of loosely or tightly connected computers that work together so that, in many respects, they can be viewed as a single system.
Cougaar (acronym of Cognitive Agent Architecture) is a Java agent architecture.
Cray Inc. is an American supercomputer manufacturer headquartered in Seattle, Washington.
The Cray C90 series (initially named the Y-MP C90) was a vector processor supercomputer launched by Cray Research in 1991.
The Cray Operating System (COS) succeeded Chippewa Operating System (shipped with earlier computer systems CDC 6000 series and CDC 7600) and is Cray Research's now discontinued proprietary operating system for its Cray-1 (1976) and Cray X-MP supercomputers, and those platforms' main OS until replaced by UNICOS in the late 1980s.
The T3D (Torus, 3-Dimensional) was Cray Research's first attempt at a massively parallel supercomputer architecture.
The Cray T3E was Cray Research's second-generation massively parallel supercomputer architecture, launched in late November 1995.
The Cray X-MP is a supercomputer designed, built and sold by Cray Research.
The Cray X1 is a non-uniform memory access, vector processor supercomputer manufactured and sold by Cray Inc. since 2003.
The Cray XT3 is a distributed memory massively parallel MIMD supercomputer designed by Cray Inc. with Sandia National Laboratories under the codename Red Storm.
The Cray XT4 (codenamed Hood during development) is an updated version of the Cray XT3 supercomputer.
The Cray XT5 is an updated version of the Cray XT4 supercomputer, launched on November 6, 2007.
The Cray Y-MP was a supercomputer sold by Cray Research from 1988, and the successor to the company's X-MP.
The Cray-1 was a supercomputer designed, manufactured and marketed by Cray Research.
The Cray-2 is a supercomputer with four vector processors made by Cray Research starting in 1985.
Dennis MacAlistair Ritchie (September 9, 1941 – October 12, 2011) was an American computer scientist.
A distributed operating system is a software over a collection of independent, networked, communicating, and physically separate computational nodes.
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), located just outside Batavia, Illinois, near Chicago, is a United States Department of Energy national laboratory specializing in high-energy particle physics.
Fortran (formerly FORTRAN, derived from Formula Translation) is a general-purpose, compiled imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing.
IRIX is a discontinued operating system developed by Silicon Graphics (SGI) to run on their MIPS workstations and servers.
A Linux distribution (often abbreviated as distro) is an operating system made from a software collection, which is based upon the Linux kernel and, often, a package management system.
The Linux kernel is an open-source monolithic Unix-like computer operating system kernel.
Mach is a kernel developed at Carnegie Mellon University to support operating system research, primarily distributed and parallel computing.
In computer science, a microkernel (also known as μ-kernel) is the near-minimum amount of software that can provide the mechanisms needed to implement an operating system (OS).
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
Pascal is an imperative and procedural programming language, which Niklaus Wirth designed in 1968–69 and published in 1970, as a small, efficient language intended to encourage good programming practices using structured programming and data structuring. It is named in honor of the French mathematician, philosopher and physicist Blaise Pascal. Pascal was developed on the pattern of the ALGOL 60 language. Wirth had already developed several improvements to this language as part of the ALGOL X proposals, but these were not accepted and Pascal was developed separately and released in 1970. A derivative known as Object Pascal designed for object-oriented programming was developed in 1985; this was used by Apple Computer and Borland in the late 1980s and later developed into Delphi on the Microsoft Windows platform. Extensions to the Pascal concepts led to the Pascal-like languages Modula-2 and Oberon.
Research Unix is a term used to refer to versions of the Unix operating system for DEC PDP-7, PDP-11, VAX and Interdata 7/32 and 8/32 computers, developed in the Bell Labs Computing Science Research Center (frequently referred to as Department 1127).
Rocks Cluster Distribution (originally called NPACI Rocks) is a Linux distribution intended for high-performance computing clusters.
Scientific Linux (SL) is a Linux distribution produced by Fermilab, CERN, DESY and by ETH Zurich.
In computer networking, STREAMS is the native framework in Unix System V for implementing character device drivers, network protocols, and inter-process communication.
A supercomputer is a computer with a high level of performance compared to a general-purpose computer.
SUSE Linux is a computer operating system.
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) is a Linux-based operating system developed by SUSE.
Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.
UNIX System V (pronounced: "System Five") is one of the first commercial versions of the Unix operating system.
A Unix-like (sometimes referred to as UN*X or *nix) operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification.